苏州市 2014 高考英语阅读理解、完形填空及阅读类训练（1） （答案及解析） 阅读理解 A The Earth’s axis(轴) is an imaginary line that runs through the middle of the Earth from the North Pole to the South Pole. The axis of the earth
is tilted (倾斜) about 23.5 degrees. This tilt of the earth results in our seasons. In June, the Northern Hemisphere (半球) is tilted toward the sun, so the people in the Northern Hemisphere have longer and warmer days. The days are shorter and colder in the Southern Hemisphere in June, becaus e the Earth is tilted away from the sun. The days start getting shorter in the Northern Hemisphere and longer in the Southern Hemisphere after about June 21. This is the first day of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of winter in the southern hemisphere. Daytime lasts exactly as long as nighttime on the first day of autumn (about September 21) and the first day of spring (about March 21). The first day of winter in the Northern Hemisphere, usually December 21, is the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the longest day of the year in the Southern Hemisphere. The days are longer in summer and shorter in winter the further you move from the equator. It’s generally dark on a summer night in Florida by 8:30 p.m., but in Vermont, there will stil l be some light at 10:00 p.m. ④The situation is reversed in winter, where the sun will go down in
3. According to the passage, we can infer that
A. in the Northern Hemisphere, the more northern, the longer daytime in summer B. in the Southern Hemisphere, the more northern, the shorter daytime in winter C. Florida is further to the equator than Vermont D. In China, Changchun’s daytime in winter is longer than that of Guangzhou 4. Northern Alaska gets the name “Land of the Midnight Sun” because ________. A. it is always daytime during the summer months B. it is located in the center of the Earth C. it is located on the equator of the Earth D. only at midnight can people there see the sun 5. If we want to make science research in Antarctica, we may choose the following months EXCEPT _______. A. December B. January C. February D. June
n orthern Alaska never sees the sun while it continues to light the sky at night in Antarctica.可知在 6 月，南极出现夜长，昼短甚至极夜的状况。因此，6 月去南极考 查是不合适的。
Once upon a time, two brothers who lived on adjoining （相邻）farms fell into conflict. It was the first serious conflict in 40 years of farming 31 . It began with a small misunderstanding and 32 into a major difference, and finally exploded into an exchange of bitter words followed by weeks of 33 . One morning, there was a 34 on the elder brother’s door. A carpenter was looking for a few days’ work. “Perhaps you would have a few small 35 here and there that I could help with.” said the carpenter. “Yes,” said the elder brother. “I do have a job for you. 36 the creek at that farm . That is my younger brother’s! Last week there was a meadow （草地） between us, 37 he took his bulldozer 推 （ 土机）and dug a small 38 between us. Well, he may have done this to 39 me, but I’ll do him one better. I want you to 40 me a fence---an 8-foot-fence--- between us, so I won’t need to 41 his place or his face any more.” The carpenter said, “I think I understand the 42 . “Show me the nails and shovel and I’ll be able to do a job that 43 you.”
Then the elder brother went to town for supplies and the carpenter worked hard all that day. At about sunset when the elder brother 44 , the carpenter had just finished his j ob. The elder brother’s eyes opened wide. There was no 45 there at all. It was a bridge--- a bridge 46 from one side of the creek to the other! And his younger brother was coming toward them, his 47 outstretched. “You are quite the guy to 48 me speak to my brother again.” The two brothers stood at each 49 of the bridge, and then they met in the middle, 50 each other’s hands. The carpenter then left, adding that he would have many more bridges to build. 31. A. little by little C. day by day 32. A. increased 33. A. silence 34. A. knock 35. A. jobs 36. A. Look through 37. A. and 38. A. bridge 39. A. frighten 40. A. design 41. A. see 42. A. situation 43. A pleases 44. A. left 45. A. bridge 46. A. stretching 47. A. face 48. A. cause 49. A. bottom 50. A. shaking 参考答案 B. side by side D. Shoulder by shoulder B. grew B. frights B. strike B. events B. Look into B. but B. river B. confuse B. create B. watch B. position B. interests B. returned B. creek B. spreading B. hands B. get B. top B. finding C. raised C. arguments C. beat C. cases C. Look across C. yet C. fence C. worry C. build C. look C. location C. amazes C. departed C. fence C. distributing C. body C. force C. side C. touching D. produced D. debates D. hit D. matters D. Look forward to D. however D. meadow D. trouble D. sketch D. observe D. destination D. interrupts D. changed D. meadow D. enlarging D. legs D. make D. end D. feeling
31.B 32.B 33.A 34.A 35.A 36.C 37.B 38.B 39.D 40.C 41.A 42.A 43.A 44.B 45.C 46.A 47.B 48.D 49.D 50.A
The campaign is over. The celebrations have ended. And the work for US president-elect Barack Obama has begun. The 47-year-old politician rose to the highest post because of his stand against the war in Iraq and his plans to fix a weak economy. But what will the first 47-year-old African-American president do for race relations? Obama’s victory appears to have given blacks and other minorities a true national role model. For years, many looked to athletes and musicians for inspiration. As Darius Turner, an African-American high school student in Los Angeles, told the Los Angeles Times, “Kobe doesn’t have to be everybody’s role model anymore.” Recent polls（民意测验）also suggest that Obama’s victory has given Americans new optimism about race re lations. For example, a USA Today poll found that two-thirds of Americans believe relations between blacks and whites “will finally be worked out”. This is the most hopeful response since the question was first asked during the civil rights revolution in 1963.
However, it’s still too early to tell whether Obama’s presidency will begin to solve many of the social problems facing low-income black communities. Although blacks make up only 13 percent of the US population, 55 percent of all prisoners are African-American. Such numbers can be blamed on any number of factors on America’s racist past, a failure of government policy and the collapse(瓦解)of the family unit in black communities. It is unlikely that Obama will be able to reverse (扭转) such trends overnight. However, Bill Bank, an expert of African-American Studies, says that eventually young blacks need to find role models in their own communities. “That’s not Martin Luther King, and not Barack Obama,” he told the Los
Angeles Times. “It’s actually the people closest to them. Barack only has so much influence.” In the opinion of black British politician Trevor Phillips, Obama’s rise will contribute more to multiculturalism than to race relations in the US. “When the G8 meets, the four most important people in the room will be the president of China, the prime minister of India, the prime minister of Japan and Barak Obama,” he told London’s The Times newspaper. “It will be the first time we’ve seen that on our television screens. That will be a huge psychological shift (心理转变) for both the white people and the colored ones in the world.” 47. For years, before Obama was elected president of the US, __________. A. Kobe was the only role model for all the blacks B. blacks could only find role models on the basketball court C. minorities in America couldn’t find role models in their real life D. American blacks had no role model who was successful in political area 48. According to Bill Bank, ____________. A. it’s better for young blacks to find role models in those who are close to them B. young blacks should not be so much influenced by Obama C. blacks should find other role models because Obama is far from their reality D. Obama is not the proper role model for African-Americans 49. What would be the best title for this passage? A. The First African-American President B. America’s New Role Model C. Obama-- A Successful Black . D. Choosing a Right Role Model 50. What will be the huge psychological shift Trevor mentioned at the end of the passage? A. The other three leaders all support Obama. B. Obama is an African-American president. C. None of the four leaders is white. D. The other three leaders except Obama are from Asian countries.
参考答案------------ D. DABC ****************************************************结束
However, this illegal sharing of music—a form of music piracy—is doing harm to the music industry. Industry experts estimate that US $4.3 billion in worldwide sales was lost to music piracy last year. These lost profits could force record companies to stop producing the music of many popular artists. That would hurt both musicians and music fans alike. Music producers are puzzled about how to fight music piracy. Their efforts to fight piracy using the law have had only limited success. The music industry did win a legal victory against Napster, a famous music website. The courts ordered Napster to stop giving away copyrighted music from their site. But a number of other music-sharing networks have sprung up i n its place.
These new networks are made up of thousands, or even millions, of individuals. Unlike Napster, there’s no one company controlling the distribution(发行) of music over each network. So it’s nearly impossible to stop the illegal activities. Now people in the music industry ha ve decided that “if you can’t beat them, join them”. They’ve begun to offer legal altern atives to online music piracy. Major music producers have given companies like Apple Computer permission to sell their music online. Apple’s iTune Music Store allows computer users to legally download any song for 99 cents. Will these new measures save the music industry from piracy? That depends on whether music fans are willing to pay 99 cents for a song that they can download illegally for free. Unfortunately, many people believer music should be free. The music industry, however, hope s to persuade these music fans to change their tune. 56.These text is written to_________. A.discuss music piracy on the Internet B.introduce the popularity of online music C.persuade music fans to give up downloading music
D.protect copyrighted music from being downloaded illegally 57.Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A.Some online file-sharing services are responsible for music piracy. B.Napster, a famous music website, broke down because of its piracy. C.There have been no perfect measures to put an end to piracy.
D.Legal sharing of music is available at Apple’s iTune Music Store. 58.Which of the following statements would the writer agree with? A.The only effective way to fight music piracy is to stop it by law. B.Music lovers will be persuaded to pay for online music in time. C.It is certain that no one will be willing to pay for online music. D.There is a long way for music industry to go in fighting piracy.
参考答案-------------- A:ABD ************************************************************结束
How often do you travel by plane? How much electricity do you use? These days everyone is worried about the size of their carbon footprint．In order to reduce global warming we need to make our carbon footprints smaller．But how much CO2 are we responsible for? A new book by Mike Berners Lee （a leading expert in carbon footprint） might be able to help．How Bad are Bananas? The Carbon Footprint of Everything looks at the different things we do and buy, and calculates the amount of CO2 all of the following created: the ingredients （=parts of a mixture）, the electrici ty used in the brewery, the equipment, the travel and commuting （交换） of the beer, and the packaging．It’s amazing how many different things need to be included in each calculation．And it’s frightening how much carbon dioxide everything produces． But all of this can help us decide which beer to drink． From Berners-Lee’s calculations, it’s clear that a pint （568ml） of locally-brewed beer has a smaller carbon footprint than a bottle of imported beer．This is because the imported beer has been transported from far away, and it uses more packaging．The local beer only produces 300g of CO2, but the imported beer produces 900g! So, one pint of local beer is better for the environment than three cans of cheap foreign lager （淡
啤酒） from the supermarket． Berners-Lee has even calculated the carbon footprint of cycling to work．Nothing is more environmentally-friendly than riding a bike, surely? Well, it depends on what you’ve had to eat before． ride a bike we need energy and for energy we need food． if we eat a banana and then To So ride a kilometer and a half, our footprint is 65g of CO2．However, if we eat bacon before the bike ride, it’s 200g．In fact, bananas are good in general because they don’t need packaging, they can be transported by boat and they grow in natural sunlight． So, does this mean that cycling is bad for the environment? Absolutely not, for a start, if you cycle, you don’t use your car, and the fewer cars on the road, the fewer traffic jams．And cars in traffic jams produce three times more CO2 than cars traveling at speed．Cycling also makes you healthy and less likely to go to a hospital．And hospitals have very big carbon footprints!
So maybe it’s time for us all to start making some changes．Pass me a banana and a pint of local beer, please． 5．According to Berners-Lee, which of the following produces the most carbon dioxide？ A．A pint of local beer we drink． B．A pint of imported beer we drink． C．A banana we eat before a bike ride． D．The bacon we eat before a bike ride． 6．Why are bananas good in general? A．They grow naturally． B．They produces less CO2． C．They don’t need packaging． D．They provide energy for cycling． 7．The underlined word “brewery” in Paragraph 3 most probably means “___________”． A．a factory where beer is made B．a machine which makes beer C．a container where beer is stored D．one of the things from which beer is made 8．To make our carbon footprints smaller, we should often ___________． A．cycle to work
B．drink more local beer C．calculate the amount of CO2 D．buy cheap things from the supermarkets 9．What’s the most suitable title for the passage? A．Bikes, Beer and Bananas B．Starting to Make Changes C．How Big Is Your Carbon Footprint? D．The Carbon Footprint of Everything
参考答案 （B） BBAAC ********************************************************结束