非谓语动词 不定式, 分词,动名词专项练习
Infinitives 1.I know him a good football player while in college. A. to have been B. to be C. was D. had been 2.I _____you off yesterday , bu t I didn’t have time.
A. hope to have been B. hope to see C. hoped to have seen .hoped to see 3.I ___him a favor several days ago. A. promise to do B. promise to have done C. promised to do D. promised to have done 4. I am glad ___by him yesterday. A. not to be seen B. to not have been seen C. not to have seen D. to not be seen 5. I am sorry not ____it to you soon. A. mailed B. mailing C. to have mailed D. have mailed 6. Mr White was seen _____the Palace Museum . A. enter B. to enter C. entered D. to have entered 7.I had rather ____him today than tomorrow. A. seen B. see C. saw D. to see 8.he would rather stay at home than ______out with you. A. go B. to go C. going D. goes 9.She cannot help when she heard the bad news. A. burst into tears B. bursting into tears C. to burst into tears D. to burst out tears 10.Would you be ______ to do me a favor, please? A. so kind as B. too kind C. as kind as D. enough kind 11.Paul did nothing but _____all day long. A. play B. to play C. playing D. played 12. Now we could not to do anything but ____for him here. A. wait B. waiting C. to wait D. waited 13.The lost child desired nothing but _____ home. A. to go B. going C. went D. go 14. The teacher told the pupils to stand in row and _____loudly. A. not call out B. not to call out C. to not called out D. not called out 15.I don’t know her and don’t ____. A. either B. want C. want to D. want it 16.--- Go to the cinema with me, will you? --- I should like ____, but I don’t have time. A. to B. too C. to do D. going 17.---How about going for a swim this Sunday? --- _____very much. A.I’ll like it B. I’d like it C. I’ll like to D. I’d like to 18. You _____stay here till your father comes to take you back. A. had better B. had better to C. would rather D. would rather to 19.He had done nothing except____ some books from the library.
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A. borrowing B. borrow C. to borrow D. borrowed 20. ---Which do you like better, reading or writing? --- I like to read but I would rather______. A. write B. to write C. writing D. in writing 21. I meant____ you with your homework but father didn’t permit me to. A. to help B. to have helped C. helping D. having helped 22.To learn to speak English well,____. A. much practice is needed B. one needs much practice C. much practice is needed by one D. one is needed much practice 23. Tom kept quiet about the accident_____ lose his job. A.so not as to B. so as not to C. so as to not D. not so as to 24. Last summer I took a course on_____. A. how to make dress B. how dresses be made C. how to be made dresses D. how dresses to be made 25. We all felt that promise____ foolish. A. be B. being C. was D. to be 26. --- The maid is coming today. --- Please have her____ the windows in my room. A. washed B. to washing C. washing D. wash 27. His doctor has forbidden him _____beer until his condition improves enough to stop taking medicine. A. from drinking B. to drink C. drunk D. dink 28.---- I’m sorry. Were you speaking to me ? ---- Yes, I was. Would you please _____in this room? A. not to smoke B. not smoke C. no smoking D. no smoke 29. I spoke to him kindly_____ him. A. not to frighten B. so as not to frighten C. in order to not frighten D. for not frightening 30. --- Will you go home tomorrow evening? --- No, I am going to a lecture, or at least ,I am planning ____. A. on B. to C. it D. so 31.---Does anyone want an extra ticket o go to the play? --- Whom would you rather____ with, George or me ? A. have to go B. go C. to go D. going 32.--- Tomorrow is a holiday! Why are you doing your homework? --- I am doing this exercise now so that I won’t have ____ on Sunday. A. for B. them C. it D. to 33. --- I thought you had planned to practice the piano today. --- I did nothing but ____ letters all day. A. write B. to write C. wrote D. writing 34. --- How do you like my new motorcycle? --- It’s very nice, but would you please ___ park in here? A. not B. not to C. to not D. don’t 35.--- I hear that you and Francis will spend your vacation in Nepal next spring. --- Yes, we’re planning____. A. to B. to be C. it D. to do it
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36. It ____me two hours to find your new house. A. coat B. took C. spent D. used 37. I feel it an honour ____to speak here. A. to ask B. to asking C. to be asked D. having asked 38.We all think it most foolish_____ this mistake. A. for you to make B. of you to make C. of your making D. for your making 39. --- I don’t understand that sentence. --- Let’s get Tom ___that sentence again. A. explain B. to explain D. explained D. explaining 40.--- How was your weekend? --- Tiring. My friend bought anew house, so I helped him. A. move it B. move C. to move it D. moved 41. My dad promised to buy a new car and ___it. A. that he would let me drive B. to let me drive C. that I would let him to drive D. promised to let me drive 42.--- I wish I could buy one of those beautiful dogs. --- I’m afraid they wouldn’t allow ____ in the hotel. A. you keeping it B. that you keep it C. you to keep it D. you keep it 43.He spoke in such a big high voice ___at the farther end of the room. A. as to be heard B. to be heard C. as to hear D. to hear 44. ___the truth, she is really tired with cooking. A. I am to tell B. Told C. Telling D. To tell 45.____ a long story short , he wanted to marry her and get a lot of money. A. Make B. To make C. Tom have made D. Making 46.--- Will you go to the play with us today? --- I don’t think so. I’m tired to go. A. enough B. too C. very D. so 47. --- did that book give the information you need? --- yes, but ____, I have to read it entirely. A. for finding it B. to find it C. finding D. finding it 48.would you be ____kind as to step this way, please ? A. so B. very C. as D. too 49.--- Shall we walk through the park? --- No, it’s too late_____ there . D. so we can’t walk A. that we walk B. for us walking C. for us to walk 50. In order to reach the top of the hill in six hours, they try ___. A. to climb the mountain hardly B. hard to climb the mountain C. to climb hardly the mountain D. to climb the mountain hard 51. This park is a very pleasant place____. A. to visit B. to be visited C. to visit it D. of visiting 52. This coat is too hot ____in this warm weather.
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A. to be worn B. to wear C. wear it D. not to wear 53. We found the exercise difficult____ without the help of the teacher. A. to be done B. to do C. to do it D. of doing 54.Let’s find a box _____. A. for us to put the books in it B. to put the books in C. to put the books in it D. to put the books Answers: 1----5 ACDCC 21----25 BBBAC 41----45 BCADB
6----10 BBABA 11----15 AAABC 16----20 ADABA 26----30 DBBBBB 31----35 BDAAA 36---40 BCBBB 46----50 BBACB 51----54 ABBB
Gerunds 1. People call that___ two birds with one stones. A. kill B. killed C. killing D. had killed 2. Every morning he spends two hours ____ papers and magazines.
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A. for reading B. on reading C. reading D. to read 3. We never listen to Beethoven without ____. A. being deeply impressed B. impressed deeply C. having deeply impressed D. to be deeply impressed 4. ____ no persuading him to buy the car. A. There was B. It was C. Here was D. That was 5. Don’t forget ____to me . Let’s keep in touch. A. to write B. writing C. having written D. to have written 6. Unless you both stop ____, I will call in the police. A. fighting B. to fight C. having fought D. being fought 7. On ____our village , we asked him for chocolate. A. him to reach B. his to reach C. for him to reach D. his reaching 8. An old friend of mine came near ____by the train. A. to kill B. killing C. being killed D. to be killed 9.she makes a pound of ____ t him once a week. A. writing B. having written C. being written D. having been written 10.J.F Kennedy liked ____many questions at the press conference. A. being asked B. asking C. of asking D. ask 11. it goes without ____that Isaac Stern is among the greatest violinists. A. saying B. being said C. to say D. to be said 12.She is very busy ____for a journey. A. to prepare B. preparing C. to be preparing D. being prepared 13. He went ____in the river nearby. A. to fish B. fishing C. to fishing D. for fish 14.____one’s work properly may be worse than not doing it at all. A. Not do B. Do C. Not doing D. Doing 15.She didn’t seem to mind ____TV while she was trying too study. A. their watching B. them to watch C. their watch D. for them to watch 16. The bus was so crowed that he had a hard time____. A. got off B. getting off C. too get off D. get off 17. We had trouble ____the path through the forest. A. to find B. for finding C. finding D. with finding 18.Do you have any difficulty_____ new mathematics? A. to understand B. to be understanding C. and understand D. in understanding 19. His hair badly needs____. A. to cut B. be cut C. being cut D. cutting 20. Can you imagine the best boy in the class _____in the examination? A. cheating B. to cheat C. cheat D. cheated 21.Please make an effort____. A. of arriving early B. in arriving early C. to arrive early D. early too arrive 22. His failure ____the college made him quite disappointed. A. to enter B. in entering C. t arrive early D. entering 23.She didn’t remember____ him before. A. having met B. have met C. to meet D. to having met 24. Don’t forget _____this book to John when you finish reading it.
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A. returning B. of returning C. having returned D. to return 25. He regrets____ his father yesterday. A. having not seen B. not having seen C. not to see D. seeing not 26.--- You were lost on your way to the lake, weren’t you? --- Yes, we were and had to stop ____the way. a. asking B. for asking C. to ask D. having asked 27. She reached the top of the hill and stopped ___on a big rock by the side of the path. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest 28.---- There is something wrong with the machine. --- What did he want ____to this machine? A. doing B. to do C. to be done D. being 29. I know you had many ideas, but you need not trouble ____them. A. remember B. remembering C. remembered D. to remember 30.having learned _____skillfully, she went on learning ____. A. to skate; swimming B. skating; swimming C. to skate; too swim D. skating; to swim 31. --- Good morning, Bill. --- Did you have any trouble ____through the snow? A. driving B. to drive C. drive D. drove 32.--- why were you so late ? --- I had a hard time ___up this morning. A. to get B. get C. got D. getting 33．It is good ____him to see you off. A. to expect B. expecting C. of expecting D. for him to expect 34.--- I’m disappointed with the officers elected in our club. --- I am too, but there’s no point _____about it. A. to worry B. in worrying C. with us worrying D. if we worry 35. There is no need ____. He won’t show up. A. to wait B. wait C. waited D. waiting 36. No one can help ____ Tom, he is such a lovely boy. A. to like B. to liking C. liking D. like 37.--- Do you mind ______? --- Go ahead. I don’t mind. A. opening the window B. I open the window C. if I open the window C. whether I open the window 38.We insisted _____by the manager. A. to be seen B. being seen C. on being seen D. on seeing 39. Something when I look into the sky, I feel like _____a trip somewhere. A. to make B. making C. to go for D. make 40.You have no business______ to me the way you did yesterday. A. to talk B. talking C. talked D. of talking 41. Mrs. Harley has a habit of asking questions_____ . A. but then not listen to the answers B. and then not listen to the answers C. and then not listening to the answers D. and then doesn’t listen to the answer 42.--- How did the prisoner escape?
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--- By climbing a fence and____ someone’s car. . A. steal B. from stealing C. to steal D. stealing 43.The squirrel was lucky that it just missed_____. A. catching B. to be caught C. being caught D. to catch 44. They wouldn’t allow him ____across the enemy line. A. risk going B. risking to go C. going to risk D. to risk going 45.--- It’s difficult to make money as a artist. --- Have you considered_____ a course in business for artist? A. to take B. about taking C. your talking D. taking 46.We can’t understand ____ at the poor little match- girl. A. they laugh B. their laughing C. them to laugh D. them way laugh 47.Miss Joan’s bad habit is ____without thorough understanding. A. read B. being read C. to be read D. reading 48.--- Don’t you think a trip to the ocean would be nice? --- I dislike ____in salt water. A. swimming B. for me to swim C. to swim D. swim 49We hoped being there would make the work easier. A. he B. him C. his D. himself 50.There is _____what may happen. A. not saying B. no saying C. not to say D. saying not Answers: 1----5 CCAAA 6----10 16---20 BCDDA 21---25 31---35 CCCBB 36---40
ADCAA CCBDA CDCDD
11----15 ABBCA 26----30 ADBDD 46----50BDACB
1. 2. 3. 4.
Participles The secretary worked late into the night, ______a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepare D. was preparing The police caught him _____a car. A. to steal B. stealing C. stolen D. to be stolen There are the facts _____by the school A. to gather B. gathering C. gathered D. being gathered They got their car____ at the garage.
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A. to wash B. washing C. being washed D. washed 5. I had my suit ____ yesterday. A. to press B. pressing C. press D. pressed 6. She kept her eyes_____ all the time. A. to close B. closing C. close D. closed 7. Can Mary make herself_____ in English? A. understood B. understand C. to understand D. understanding 8. The dog, _____, will make a good watch dog. A. to train properly B. training properly C. properly to train D. trained properly 9.I started the clock_____. A. to go B. going C. gone D. to be gone 10.Before _____to the college, he had to go through an examination. A. admitted B. to admit C. being admitted D. having been admitted 11.The teacher came in with many students_____. A. following B. to follow C. followed D. being followed 12.--- How was the concert last night ? --- It was____. A. disappointing B. disappointed C. disappoint D. being disappointed 13. The room is crowded , but there are____. A. a few seats to leave B. few seats left C. a few seats left D. few seats to leave 14. The President was sitting on the chair____ by his supporters. A. surrounding B. to surround C. surrounded D. to be surrounded 15.The concert conducted by Karajan proved very _____. A. exciting B. excited C. to excite D. being excited 16. ____ all things into consideration , his life is a happy one. A. Taking B. having taken C. Take D. To take 17. Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, _____ completely to the outside world. A. being lost B. having lost C. losing D. lost 18. The name Nebraska comes from the Indian word “nebrathka” , _____ flat water.” A. to mean B. meaning C. it means D. by meaning 19 ____ his answer, she sent a second letter. A. Receiving not B. Not to receive C. Not being received D. Not having received 20. We will go for a walk in the Grand Park tomorrow, weather___. A. permitting B. to permit C. permitted D. having permitted 21.____ that the train is gone, it is useless to wait. A. Seen B. Seeing C. Having seen D. to have seen 22．My letter, ______to the wrong number, reached him late. A. to have addressed B. being addressed C having been addressed D. to have been addressed 23. He wanted a basket of flowers _____ to his wife. A. sending B. sent C. to sent D. to have sent 24. When I returned home, I found the window open and something_______. A. to steal B. stealing C. stolen D. stole 25. My father encouraged me in my painting, but never lived to see any of my works _______in public. A. exhibiting B. exhibited C. having exhibited D. exhibited
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26. --- what was your of last night’s lecture? --- _______speaking, I thought it was rather boring. A. Very B. Honest C. Really D. Honestly 27. Hidden _____by a big tree, his house was not t be seen. A. as it was B. as it is C. as it did D. as he did 28. _____,Tom jumped into the river and saved the drowning girl. A. Being a good swimmer B. Good swimmer as he was C. He cold swim very well D. Being that he was a good swimmer 29. The water of a hot spring carries many minerals, usually ____ us an unusual taste and smell. A. give B. gives C. to be given D. giving 30. Eva, _____ born in Canada, lived and practiced law in America. A. was B. he was C. although D. who he was 31._____ a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having received Not having received= As he had not received 32. _____, I went to the railway station to see my friend off. A. After eating quickly my dinner C. After my quickly eating my dinner C. After eating my dinner quickly D. After eating my quickly dinner 33. The murderer was brought in , with his hands_____ behind off. A. being tired B. having tired C. to be tired D. tired 34. The lesson _____over, they went out of the room. A. be B. been C. was D. being 35. Time_____, I’ll go on a picnic with you this Sunday . A. permit B. to permit C. permitted D. permitting 36. They had finished their work , so they went home .=______, they went home. A. Work done B. They finished their work C. work to be done D. Work having done 37. _____entering the hall, he found everyone waiting for him. A. At B. While D. On D. In 38. If _____green, the doctor might look more beautiful. A. paint B. painted C. painting D. to paint 39. Though I live in the city, I have few visitors. = ______in the city, I have few visitors A. I live B. Having lived C. Living D. Being lived 40. When only a small boy, _______. A. my father took me with him to France B. I went with my father to France C. my father went with me to father D. my father took me to France 41. While I was walking to school yesterday morning , I met a friend of mine. = _____to school yesterday morning, I met a friend of mine. A. I was walking B. walked C. While I walking D. walking 42. When _____that it was getting late, I put out the light and went to bed. A. find B. finding C. found D. found 43.--- Why did you go back upstairs? --- I thought I had left the window______. A. open B. opened C. being opened D. to be opened
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44. I couldn’t understand the language_____ in that country. A. to cover B. speaking C. to be spoken D. spoken 45. among these ships are none _____to us. A. belonged B. to be belonged C. belonged D. belongs 46. Having a written examination,_______. A. it is necessary that I have to study hard B. I must be hard to study C. it is necessary for me to study hard D. I am forced to study hard 47. Asked if he could come to the party that night, ______. A. nobody said anything B. they did not get an answer from him C. nothing was said by him D. John nodded his head and left the room 48. _____from a spaceship , the earth blue, green and while ball. A. Seeing B. Seen C. To see D. saw 49.______ from this fact , he must be an honest man. A. Judging B. Judged C. Judges D. Judge 50. _____ with his brother, he is not so clever. A. Compared B. To compares . Comparing D. Compared 51.Anyone ______to answer country needs special papers. A. traveled B. travels C. to travel D. traveling 52. _______Lessons easily are soon forgotten. A. to learn B. learn C. learned D. learning 53. The girl ______in red is my second daughter. A. dressing B. dressed herself C. dressed D. is dressed 54. The old hostess stood _______ for a moment when she saw a beggar appear before her suddenly. A. surprising B. to surprise C. surprised D. having surprised 55. ______ deep down in the earth, the dead forests rotted away and became coal. A. Buried B. burying C. To D. Being buried [参考答案] DADBC 11----15 BCBCB 26----30 ACBCB 41----45 DCCCA
1----5 16----20 31----35 46----50
BBCDD DDBDA CCDDD DCBAA
6----10 21---25 36---40 51---55
AACCA DAADC DBADC
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