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主语从句 表语从句 学案和专项练习


Subject Clause and Predicative Clause Ⅰ. 主语从句(Subject Clause) 一 定义:__________________________________________________.
1. He is right . 2. What he said is right . 二.主语从句引导词 1.主语从句的引导词与宾语

从句相同。 (但不用 if (是否) ,只能用 whether(是 否)) 1) that 2) whether 3) what , which ,who, whom, whose, whatever , whichever..... 4) where , when , why, how, wherever, whenever ..... 5) how many , what color, how far 等。 2. 引导主语从句的关联词除起连接句子的作用,绝大多数关联词在主从中要充 当一定的句子成分。 3. 主语从句的语序是:关联词+S+V 三. 主语从句引导词的用法: 1. that 的用法:that 引导句意完整, 意义明确不缺成分的陈述句;无词义,在 主从中不充当句子成分,不能省略。 仿照例子改写句子 改成相应的主语从句 Model: There is life on another planet (在另外的星球上) (that 引导的主从) It is almost impossible. →That there is life on another planet is almost impossible (主从) s v. 1). The scientist will give us a lecture next week. It is true. → 2). You don’t like him. It is none of my business.(不关我的事) → 3).Her hair was turning gray(灰色). It worried her bit. → 4). He told her everything. It is probable. → 5). He sings so well. It is no surprise. → 2. whether 的用法: whether 引导的主从不缺句子成分,句意不完整,表达一种 不确定,不明确的概念;whether 当"是否"讲,在主从中不充当句子成分。 Model: 由 whether 引导的主从,相当于一般疑问句的作用。 Will I accept the gift ? It is none of your business. →Whether I accept the gift is none of your business. (主从) s v 1). Will our football team win? It is uncertain yet. → 2). Will the sports meet be held? It depends on the weather.
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→ 3). Will I rest? It doesn’t matter → 4). Will we go shopping? It isn’t known. → 5). Will we have an exam? It isn’t decided. → 3. 特殊疑问代词 who ; whom ;whose; what; which ; whatever; whoever...用法: 1)who : ______________________ ; 在主从中作____________________. 2)whom: _________________________; 在主从中作___________________. 3)whose: _________________________; 在主从中作___________________. 4)what : _________________________; 在主从中作___________________. Model1: Who did the job? It is unknown →Who did the job is unknown. Model2: Whom shall we choose as our monitor? It isn’t decided. →Whom we shall choose as our monitor isn’t decided. 将下列句子改成相应的主语从句 1). Who should be our head master? It is still not known. → 2). Who did the job? It is unknown → 3). Who beat Xiao Wang black and blue?It is unknown. → 4). Who loves the people? He is loved by the people → 5). What did he say? It made us laugh . → 6). Whose bike was stolen yesterday? It isn’t known. → 7). Which is the better one of the two companies ? It is very clear. → 4. 特殊疑问副词 when ; where; why; how; whenever ; wherever; however...用 法: 1)when : _________________________; 在主从中作___________________. 2)where: _________________________; 在主从中作___________________. 3)why : _________________________; 在主从中作___________________. Model 由 特殊疑问副词引导的主从,相当于特殊疑问句。 When will they lease? It hasn’t been decided . →When they will leave hasn’t been decided 引导词 (主从)S V 1). Why did he do it? It is not clear. → 2). How did you do it? It is not known to all. →
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3). Where has she gone? It is not known yet. → 4). Where will we spend our weekend? It has not been decided yet. → 5). When will we have the meeting? It is decided by our teacher. → 6). Why was she always late for work? It is unknown → 7). How long did he stay abroad? It depended on his parents. → Note : 在主语从句的句子里,有时可以用 it 作为形式主语,将真正的主语从 至于句末。 1) That the scientist will give us a lecture next week is true. → 2) That he told her everything is probable. → 3) It is said that… ____________________________ It is reported that… ________________________ It is known that… __________________________ It is believed that… _____________________________

Ⅱ. 表语从句(Predicative Clause)
一. 定义: ___________________________________________________________ . 1) The trouble is that she can’t come . 2) The problem is whether we should ask them for help . 二. 表语从句置于主句系动词之后. 常见系动词有:be / become / get / feel/ grow / seem / appear / look/ smell / taste/sound /turn /keep/ prove /remain 等. 三. 引导表语从句的连接词与引导主语从句的连接词相同, 意义用法也相同。 1) That was _______she did this morning . 2) This is _________she is always late for class. 此外,as if / as though(仿佛,好像), because 也能引导表语从句。 E.g. He looks as if he passed the exam. Ⅲ. 名词性从句中连词选择的方法小结: 1. 从句的意思完整,不缺成分,表达肯定,明确的含义用__________ . 2. 从句的意思不完整, 不缺成分, 表达不确定, 不明确的含义, 用__________. 3. 从句的意思不完整,又缺少成分,缺主语,宾语,表语,缺人的用_______ ____________,缺事物用__________ ; 如果缺状语用连接副词,缺少时间, 用______ , 缺地点用______,缺原因用______ ,缺方式用_______ ;缺定语 用_____________________. Ⅳ. Practice : Choose the best answers. 1 ____ he told me is a true story. A That B What C When D Whether
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2 ______ he has been ill for several years is known to everyone. A That B What C When D Whether 3 _______ it will do us harm or good remains to be seen . A Whether B What C Where D Which 4 . ______ it is expensive or not is an important question . A. Whether B That C If D How 5. _______ will hold the meeting isn't known. A What B Who C That D Which 6. ________ I have done is only for you . A That B Which C Whatever D Whether 7. It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray . A which B that C if D for 8 . What he said is ________ his mother has been ill for a long time . A that B what C which D when 9. The questions is ________ we will come here or not. A whether B if C that D when 10. She looks as if she ______ five years younger. A is B was C were D be 11. The city is _______ I live and work . A where B that C which D what 12. John lost his money again, that is ___ his father becomes so angry . A. because B. why C. that D. which 13. It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants. A however B whenever C whichever D whatever 14. _____ I can't understand is ________ she came here early . A That , why B That , what C What, why D What , that 15 _____ you can succeed depends on ______ you do and _____ you do it . A. What , that ,how B. Whether, what , how C. Whether , how, why D. That, whether, how

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主语从句、表语从句巩固训练题
Ⅰ Choose the best answers.
we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 2. he said at the meeting surprised everybody present. A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter 3. has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. A. Who B. The one C. Anyone D. Whoever 4. _______ he made an important speech at the meeting was true. A. That B. Why C. What D. How 5. It worried her a bit ______ her hair was turning gray. A. whether B. that C. what D. when 6. What I say and think ___ none of your business. A. is B. are C. has D have 7. _______ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. A. There B. This C. That D. It 8. ____ she couldn't understand was ____ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. A. What; why B. That; what C. What; because D. Why; that 9 -What made her parents so angry? - _______ she had failed in the examination. A. As B. Because C. Since D. That 10 -I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. -Is that _______ you had a few days off? A. why B. when C. what D. where 11. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _______ it was? A. where B. what C. how D. which 12. It is necessary that a college student _______ at least a foreign language. A. masters B. should master C. mastered D. will master 13 . ________ matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which 14. ______ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever 15. It has been proved _________ eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. A. if B. because C. when D. that 16. Our country is developing at an amazing speed, and this is ______ makes me feel so proud. A. what B. which C. that D. Why 17. _____ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. Anyone B. Who C. Whoever D. The person 1
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18. Inside the White House, there is a room called the Oval Office. That’s _______ the president works. A. why B. when C. what D. Where 19. The reason ____ I plan to go is _____ she will be disappointed if I don’t. A. why; that B. that; because C. which; because D. why; for 20._______your father wants to know is________ getting on with your studies. A. What; how are you B. That ;how you are C. How;that you are D. What;how you are 21. The trouble is __________we are short of tools. A. what B. that C. how D. why that 22. America was __________was first called “India” by Columbus. A. what B. where C. the place D. there where 23. China is becoming stronger and stronger. It is no longer_________ . A. what it used to be B. what it was used to being C. what it used to being D. what it was used to be 24. ________he really means is ________he disagrees with us. A. What … that B. That … what C. What … what D. That … what 25. The energy is ________ makes the cells able to do their work. A. that B. which C. What D. such Ⅱ Correct the mistakes . 1. The reason why he left his wife is because he broke the law. A B C D 2. That you have done might do harm to others. A B C D 3. If he knows the truth that his father has been dead for a long time isn’t known. A B C D 4. That is said that the Japanese minister will visit China next week . A B C D 5. Can you tell me how can I get to the railway station? A B C D 6. No matter who you love has nothing with me . A B C D 7. To make what he means it clear is very important . A B C D 8. The gentleman looked as if he knew something yesterday. A B C D 9. She told me she has finished her job by herself . A B C D 10. Everybody knows the fact which the sun rises from the east . A B C D

主语从句、表语从句巩固训练题答案:
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1-5 BAAAB 6-10 ADADA 11-15 DBADD 16-20 ACDAD 21-25 BAAAC 1. C 改为 that 2.A 改为 What 3.A 改为 Whether 4.A 改为 It 5.C 改为 how I can get to 6. A 改为 whoever 7.C 改 为 去 掉 it 8. C 改 为 had known 9. C had finished 10. C 改为 that

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