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精品课件— 外研版选修6


高中英语第六册(选修6)

Module 31 Small Talk Module 32 Fantasy Literature Module 33 Interpersonal Relationships—Friendship Module 34 Music

Module 35 Cloning
Module 36 War and

Peace

高中英语第六册(选修6)

Module 31 │ Small Talk

第三十一讲 Module 1 Small Talk

Module 31 │ 编读互动 编读互动
设置“课前热身”,目的是让学生用8分钟快速浏览本模块
的知识内容。知识讲解部分,重点讲解了本模块的重点单词、短 语和句型。

在本模块中,lack是难点,需要重点讲解,并提醒学生要注
意其词性;和certain,find,leave有关的短语是高考热点,学 生要反复练习;连词while意义较多,可以让学生积累例句。 建议课时:讲练一课时,课时作业(包括评讲)一课时,共计 两个课时。

Module 31 │ 美文佳句 美文佳句
诵美文

[2010·江西]英语中“please”、“thank you”、
“sorry”等礼貌用语具有增进友谊、改善关系、化解矛盾的神 奇力量,因而被称为“magic words”。

请以“Magic Power of Polite Words”为题写一篇100词
左右的英语作文。体裁不限(叙述文、评论文、论说文??)。

Module 31 │ 美文佳句
Magic Power of Polite Words

We use magic words in our daily life without
realizing it. These magic words, for instance “please”,“thank you”,_“sorry”,can add colours to our life. Magic words can help build friendship. They make

you more polite and easier to get along with. Thus
strengthen the relationship between you and others.

Module 31 │ 美文佳句
Once you offend someone else, you can as well use these words. A word such as “sorry”will make him less annoyed.

Try using polite words every now and then. Once you
do, you will never find yourself drained of energy for life. You use polite words, in return, these words will provide you with magic power.

Module 31 │ 美文佳句
背佳句
1.These magic words, for instance “please”,“thank you”, “sorry”,can add colours to our life.

这些神奇的词汇,比如“请”,“谢谢你”,“对不起”,能
够为我们的生活增添色彩。 [赏析] 该句中使用了一个插入成分(for instance “please”,“thank you”, “sorry”),大大提升了文 章的表达档次。

Module 31 │ 美文佳句
2.They make you more polite and easier to get along with. 它们使你更有礼貌、更容易相处。

[赏析] 该句是一个典型的“S+V +O +C”句型,补语中使
用了一个并列成分,此外,还包含一个动词不定式结构。 3.Once you offend someone else, you can as well use

these words. 一旦你冒犯了别人,你也不妨用一下这些词汇。
[赏析] 该句是一个含有once引导的条件状语的主从复合句, 主句中使用了“情态动词+as well”结构。

Module 31 │ 课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.For many athletes,the Olympics is a
once?in?a?lifetime o____________. pportunity 2.What was the real reason for your _________(不在)? absence 3.The bank is very c________ about lending money. autious 4.I owe you an a_______ for my rudeness last night. pology 5.The teacher must have the ________(预先的) teaching advance plan.

Module 31 │ 课前热身
6.Chairman Hu will attend an _________(非正式的) meeting. informal 7.Though l_______money,his parents managed to send him acking to the university. 8.Oh,grow up! Behave in a more m_______ way. ature 9.It may snow,but _______(无论如何,不管怎么说) I will anyhow go to town. 10. If you want to apply for the job,please fill in the a___________form. pplication

Module 31 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.词语翻译

1.缺乏信心
2.对??感到紧张 3.把目光从??移开 4.对??小心 5.振奋起来 6.劝阻某人不做某事 7.查明;了解到 8.另外

__________________ lack confidence

be nervous about? ______________________
__________________ look away from? ____________________ be cautious about? _____________ Cheer up _____________________________ discourage sb from doing sth _________ find out ____________ in addition

9.因此
10.长胖

__________________ as a consequence
_______________ put on weight

Module 31 │ 课前热身
11.经历;遭受 ______________ go through

12.说错话;犯使某人难堪的错误 put one's foot in one's mouth ______________________________
13.变红了 14.业余爱好 15.拜访 16.领先 17.意识到?? _______ go red ___________________ leisure interests ________ call by ______________ take the lead

be aware of/that? ___________________

18.本不需要做某事 20.炫耀

needn't have done sth ______________________
________________ be open about?
__________ show off

19.关于??坦率,坦诚

Module 31 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ.完成句子 1.船长为天气糟糕而造成的延误向乘客道歉。 The captain ___________________the passengers for made an apology to the delay caused by bad weather. 2.我一张嘴就说错话。

___________I open my mouth,I _____________in it. Every time put my foot
3.今天早上我没必要早起,所以就一直睡到上午9点。 This morning _______________________________,so I I didn't need to get up early

stayed in bed until 9 am

Module 31 │ 课前热身
4.火车站离这儿不远,因此当时你没有必要匆匆忙忙的。 The railway station is not far from here,so you ____________________in such a hurry then. needn't have left 5. 做父母的应该劝子女不要吸烟。 Parents should

________________________________________. discourage their children from smoking

Module 31 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 lack

v. 缺乏,缺少,不足 n. 缺乏,无,不足
缺乏的,不足的
因为缺乏?? 缺乏,缺少??

lacking adj.
for lack of? be lacking in?

【易错警示】
在使用lack时,学生容易把动词和名词混淆,最典型的错误 是在动词lack后加of。如: We lack of ideas. (×)

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
We lack ideas. (√)

We are lacking in ideas. (√)
We have a lack of ideas. (√) 【活学活用】

(1)Her decision seems to show ___________political a lack of
judgment. 她的决定似乎显示出缺乏政治判断力。 (2)For _________________ money, they had to give up the lack of/Lacking project.

由于缺乏资金,他们不得不放弃了这个项目。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
2 advance

adj. 预先的 n. [C]前进;发展,进展 v. 前进;进步;推动; 提出
先进的; 高级的

advanced adj. in advance

预先;提前

advance planning/warning/booking

预先计划/事前警告/预订
【活学活用】 (1)There have been great __________in technology in advances recent years. 在近几年,科技方面已经取得了极大的进步。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
(2)The airline suggests booking tickets a month ___________. in advance 航空公司建议提前一个月订票。 (3)They _______________20 miles by nightfall. had advanced 夜幕降临时,他们已经前进了20英里。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
3 certain

pron. 某些 adj. 确定;确信,肯定
肯定;确定;无疑

for certain(=sure) 确保(做)某事 make certain(=sure) that?

make certain (=sure)of sth/doing sth 弄清楚

be certain(=sure) of/about?
be certain (=sure)to do sth

对??有把握;确信
一定做某事

【经典句式】
It is certain(不能用sure) that? 肯定??

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
【易错警示】 certain表示“某些,某个”时,所修饰的名词可以有单复数 变化,但是some表示这一意义时后面的名词需是单数可数名 词。例如:for a certain reason(s)/for some reason。

【活学活用】
(1)There are _______________I just can't discuss with certain things my mother.

有些事情我是不能和妈妈讨论的。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
(2)I can't say ____________when he will arrive. for certain 我说不准他什么时候会来。 (3)_______________that they will agree. It is certain =They are ___________agree. certain to 他们一定会同意。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
4 reply

n. 回答,答复,回信 v. 回答
答复?? 没有答复 答复??

reply to sb/sth make no reply in reply to? 【活学活用】

(1)I asked him,but he_____________________. made/gave no reply 我问了他,但他没有回答。

(2)What did you say _____________his suggestion? in reply to 你对他的建议是怎么答复的?
(3)He failed to _________the question. reply to

他没能回答这个问题。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
5 absence absent adj. absence from

n. 缺席,不在;缺席时间;缺乏,不存在
缺席的;缺乏的;不存在的; 心不在焉的 缺席;离开;不在某处 在某人不在的时候

during/in one's absence

in the absence of
be absent from absence of mind

由于缺乏
心不在焉; 魂不守舍

缺席;不在;缺乏

absent?minded

心不在焉的;健忘的

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)____________________ any evidence, the police had to In the absence of let Myers go. 由于缺乏证据,警察只好放了梅尔斯。 (2)His repeated _____________school is worrying. absence from

=He is frequently _______________school, which is absent from
worrying. 他一再缺课使人担忧。

(3)_______________you will be in charge. In my absence
我不在的时候, 由你负责。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
6 cautious

adj. 谨慎的;慎重的;小心的
谨慎,小心;警告,告诫;提醒
谨慎(做)某事 小心别做某事

caution n. &v.

be cautious about sth/doing sth be cautious not to do sth 【活学活用】

Statistics should be treated with_________. caution 对待统计数字要小心。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
7 circumstance

n. 情形,情况;环境,状况;
事件(常用复数)
无论如何都不,决不 在这种情况下,既然如此

under/in no circumstances under/in the circumstances 【活学活用】

_________________________he felt unable to accept the Under the circumstances job. 在这种情况下他觉得无法接受这项工作。

Module 31 │ 单词点睛
8 define

v. 解释,给??下定义;阐明;界定
清楚的;确定的;肯定的,有把握的 明确地;确切地;肯定地

definition n. 解释;定义 definite adj. definitely adv. 【活学活用】

(1)I'm _________________the term “popular culture”. trying to define
我正在试图给“流行文化”下定义。 (2)—Do you reckon Mary will be there?

—___________not. Definitely
“你觉得玛丽会去吗?”“肯定不会。”

Module 31 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 leave out leave aside leave?behind leave off 停止;中断 (觉得) 被忽视,被冷落 遗漏,漏掉;不包括;不涉及

leave sb alone

让某人单独呆着
不予考虑;搁置一边 忘了带;遗忘;把??抛在后面;

(永久地)离开
be/feel left out

Module 31 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

(1)This word is wrongly spelt; you have _________ left out a letter.
(2)Britain is being ____________in the race for new left behind

markets.
(3)Start reading from where you _________last time. left off (4)He hadn't been asked to take part in the party and was feeling very_________. left out

Module 31 │ 短语储存
2 show off show up 炫耀

show sb around

领某人参观

出现;露面;显现出来;使人难堪

【活学活用】
(1)We were _____________the school by one of the shown around students. (2)He likes to _________how well he speaks French. show off (3)It was getting late when she finally ____________________. showed up/turned up

Module 31 │ 句型透视 句型透视
But while few Americans will worry about the questions

you may ask,particularly if you clearly show you're
aware of cultural differences,they may hesitate before they ask you similar questions. 虽然极少有美国人担心你

可能要问的一些问题,尤其是如果你清楚地表明你了解那些文化
差异,在问你相似的问题前,他们也会有所犹豫。 【要点解读】 while意为“虽然”,引导让步状语从句。

Module 31 │ 句型透视
【注意事项】

while除具有“当时”,“同时”等意义外,根据上下文还有
不同含义及其不同译法。 【活学活用】

根据语境判断下列句中while的含义
(1)We must work hard to gain more knowledge while we are young. _______________ 当??时,趁着 (2)While I believe it is true,I cannot prove it. 尽管,虽然 ___________

Module 31 │ 句型透视
(3)Schools in the north tend to be better equipped,

while those in the south are relatively poor.
_________ 而,可是 (4)Motion is absolute while stagnation(静止) is

relative.
而,可是 _________

Module 31 │跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1.[2010·福建卷] More and more high?rise buildings have been built in big cities ________ space.

A.in search of
C.for lack of 【解析】 C

B.in place of
D.for fear of

本题考查介词短语。句意为:因为缺少空间,城市

中已经建造了越来越多的高层建筑。in search of寻找;in

place of代替,替代;for lack of因??缺乏,短缺;for
fear of担心,害怕。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
2.—Believe it or not,last month in America I came

across the girl whose photo was in the drift bottle I
got three years ago! —Really? That's the most surprising ________I've

ever heard of!
A.acquaintance C.viewpoint 【解析】 B B.coincidence D.procedure

本题考查名词辨析。由语境可知,第一句话叙述的

事情是非常巧合的,由此可以判断应该选择coincidence(巧合的 事)。acquaintance熟人;viewpoint观点;procedure步骤。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
3.She was so sad because she failed in the math test.

Let's ________ her ________.
A.leave; behind C.leave; aside 【解析】 B B.leave; alone D.leave;out

leave sb alone意为“让某人单独静一静”。A项

意为“把??抛在后面”;C项意为“不予考虑”;D项意为“不 包括,不提及”。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
4.Tim wanted to know the telephone number of the girl

he loved at first sight, but nobody told him, so he
had to______ for himself. A.look for B.research

C.examine
【解析】 D

D.find out
find out多指(经过努力后)“找出,发现”。

look for意为“寻找”,后应接宾语;research意为“调查,研

究”;examine意为“检查”。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
5.It is one of the funniest things ________ on the

Internet so far this year.
A.finding C.to find 【解析】 D B.being found D.found

本题考查非谓语动词。本句意为:到目前为止,这

是今年在网络上所能发现的最有趣的事情之一。根据句子中so far这个时间状语及find与things之间是动宾的关系,可知,空 格处用动词的过去分词作定语。B项表示正在进行中的被动动作, A项和C项都表示主动的动作。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
6. Health problems are closely connected with bad eating

habits and a ________ of exercise.
A.limit C.need 【解析】 B B.lack D.demand a lack of exercise缺乏体育锻炼。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
7.He isn't a reliable man. Under no ________should you

lend him any money.
A.circumstances C.cases 【解析】 A B.states D.situations 本题考查名词辨析。句意为:他很不可靠,你无论

如何都不该把钱借给他。under no circumstances为固定短语, 意为“决不,无论如何不”,符合题意。其他三项不与under搭 配。in a?state处于??状态;in no case决不;in a?situation处于??境地或局面。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
8.Jack's mother kept telling him that he should work

harder, but ________ didn't help.
A.he C.it 【解析】 C B.which D.she 本题考查代词的用法。代词it代替前面整句话的内

容。由but可知前后是两个转折分句,故不能用which,若句中无 but,则选which。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
9. Time after time she was warned of the ________of her

actions.
A.effects C.importance 【解析】 D B.results D.consequences

从warn一词可知,D为最佳答案。句意为:(人们)

不时地警告她行为的后果。

Module 31 │跟踪训练
10.I'm very ________ about expressing my opinions in

public in case I may make mistakes.
A.cautious C.delighted 【解析】 A B.confused D.enthusiastic

本题考查形容词辨析。 cautious小心的,谨慎的。

句意为: 为了防止犯错误,我在公开场合下表达自己的观点非 常谨慎。confused困惑的;delighted高兴的;enthusiastic热 情的。

Module 32 │ Fantasy Literature

第三十二讲 Module 2 Fantasy Literature

Module 32 │ 编辑互动 编辑互动

设置“课前热身”,目的是让学生用8分钟快速浏览本模块的 知识内容。知识讲解部分,重点讲解了本模块的重点单词、短语 和句型。 在本模块中,put,come及turn构成的短语是高考考查的重点, 需要经常复现加深记忆。短语fix one's eyes/attention etc. on容易在被动语态及非谓语中考查,学生也极易出错,老师要引 导学生加强对语态的判断。独立主格结构是难点但不是重点内容, 以理解为主,老师可以根据情况酌情处理。 建议课时:讲练一课时,课时作业(包括评讲)一课时,共计 两个课时。

Module 32 │ 课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.The mother d___________ candy among children. istributed
2.R_______speaking,I would say that about 100 people oughly attended the exhibit.

3.There is no d______that she will attend the meeting. oubt
4. He's still ____________(犹豫) over whether to join hesitating the expedition.

Module 32 │ 课前热身
5.Dust and dirt soon a_________ if a house is not ccumulate

cleaned regularly.
6.He struggled to o________his shyness. vercome 7.The noise was keeping everyone ______(清醒的). awake

8.I don't want to become a _______(负担) to my burden children when I'm old.
9.Children, please b______ yourselves! ehave 10.The company made an ___________(调整) in my salary. adjustment

Module 32 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.词语翻译

1.在??中起重要作用
2.放下;写下,记下 3.伸出 4.朝??走过来 5.转身走开;拒绝某人 6.直立着 7.向??扩展 8.注视;盯着看

___________________________ play an important part in?

put down __________
__________ hold out _____________ come up to? ____________ turn away

on end _______
_____________ sweep over? ___________________ keep one's eyes on

9.注视;凝视
10.寻找;搜索;想办法

________ fix on
_____________ cast about

Module 32 │ 课前热身
11.仅仅因为那个原因 12.四处寻找 13.与??有联系 14.对某人有吸引力 15.限制在??范围 _______________________ for that reason alone ________________ look around for _____________________ be associated with? ______________ appeal to sb ___________________ be restricted to? be stuck __________ __________________________ ought to/should have done

16.卡壳;被困住
17.本应该做某事 18.回头看

look back over one's shoulder ______________________________
___________________ catch a glimpse of
________________ be shaped like

19.瞥见
20.形状像

Module 32 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ.完成句子

1.你不能仅仅因为那一个原因就开除他。
You can't fire him__________________________. for that reason alone 2.我们不能忽视与治疗癌症有关的问题。

We can't ignore problems ___________________cancer associated with
treatment. 3.我本应该立即向你道歉。 I ________________________________to you immediately. should/ought to have apologized

Module 32 │ 课前热身
4.卡车过去以后,他穿过马路,眼睛盯着那只猫一直在打量的

那个地方。
When the truck had gone past he crossed the road, ____________________the spot ______the cat had been keeping his eyes on where

investigating.
5.因特网在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用。 The Internet _______________________________________ plays a more and more important part in our daily life.

Module 32 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 hesitate

v. 犹豫;迟疑
疑虑;踌躇
犹豫地 对做某事犹豫不决 毫不踌躇地

hesitation n.
hesitatingly adv. without hesitation

hesitate to do/about doing sth

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)Please do not ______________________if you have any hesitate to contact me

problems.
你有问题就直截了当地告诉我。 (2)_______________________,he jumped into the river to Without any hesitation

save the drowning child.
他毫不犹豫地跳下河去救溺水的孩子。

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
2 appeal

n. 吸引力;魅力 v. 呼吁;有吸引力;恳求
有吸引力的;可怜的,恳求的 对某人有吸引力

appealing adj. appeal to sb

appeal (to sb) for sth/to sb to do sth

呼吁某人做某事

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)The design has to ___________all ages and social appeal to groups. 设计要雅俗共赏,老幼皆宜。 (2)Organizers ______________________not to panic. appealed to the crowd

组织者呼吁人群不要惊慌。
(3) His new novel is very___________. appealing 他的新小说非常有吸引力。

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
3 possess

v. 拥有

possession n. 个人财产, 私人物品(常用复数);拥有 take/come into possession of in possession of 拥有;具有 拥有,持有;继承

in the possession of (sb)

被(某人)拥有

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)The people had to gather up their few_____________ possessions and escaped abroad. 人们不得不收拾起仅有的一点财物逃到国外去。 (2)I'm afraid he doesn't__________________________. possess a sense of humor

恐怕他没有什么幽默感。
(3)The six houses are _____________________Stella. in the possession of 这六幢房子是斯特拉的。

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
4 awake

adj. 醒着的,清醒的 v. 醒来;唤醒;意识到
觉察到、意识到某事物

awake to sth/be awake to sth be wide awake=be fully awake lie awake/stay awake 毫无睡意

躺着睡不着/一夜不睡

【活学活用】
(1)Are you fully ____________________you're in? awake to the danger 你充分意识到自己所处的危险了吗?

(2)He ___________at night _________about his job. lies awake worrying
他担心自己的工作,整夜躺在床上睡不着。

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
5 burden

n. 负担,重负 v. 烦扰;使负担
某人的负担
承担/减少/分担负担 沉重的负担

a burden on/to sb
heavy burden

take on/reduce/share the burden

burden sb/sth with
be burdened with 【活学活用】

让??担负
负载着,背负着

She got off the bus,_________________two heavy burdened with suitcases. 她提着两个重箱子下了公共汽车。

Module 32 │ 单词点睛
6 thus

adv. 因此,所以;从而;这样

【易错警示】 thus 是副词,不要当连词使用。

【活学活用】
He forgot to turn on the TV,thus _________the program. missing 他忘了打开电视,因此错过了那个节目。

Module 32 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 put put put put put put put put put put down 放下;(使)降落;镇压 an end to? 平息;停止;结束 aside 把??放到一边,不顾 back 放回原处 forward 提出(计划、建议等) off 推迟,延期 away 收起来;放好;储存 out 扑灭;出版;发布 up with 忍受 up 盖起;张贴;为某人提供食宿,在某处住宿

Module 32 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】

用put短语的适当形式完成句子
(1)It's a great book. I couldn't put it______. down (2)This afternoon's meeting will have to be_________. put off

(3)____ your toys ______in the cupboard,when you've Put away finished playing.
(4)We can ________at a hotel for the night. put up (5)I don't know how you ____________their constant put up with quarrelling. (6)He ____________a good suggestion at the meeting. put forward

Module 32 │ 短语储存
2 come up to 朝??走过来;达到,符合

come up
come out come about

发芽;发生;被提出;提及
出版;(太阳等)出现;开花;泄露 发生

come across sb/sth=come upon 偶然遇见或发现某人/某事物 come down 【经典句式】 (指价格、温度等)降低,下降 找到或提出(答案、办法等) come up with sth

when it comes to sth/doing sth
当涉及(做)某事物的情况、事情或问题时

Module 32 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用come短语的适当形式完成句子 (1)This doesn't ________________________of your usual come up to the standard work. 这次你的工作有失水准。 (2)I can't wait to see my daughter's new book__________. come out

我迫不及待地想看到我女儿的新书出版。
(3)It was amazing that the little boy should _____________such a brilliant idea. come up with

真令人惊讶,这个小男孩竟然想出这么一个绝妙的主意。

Module 32 │ 短语储存
(4)He's a bit of an expert when it__________________. comes to computers 说到计算机方面他是有点精通。 (5)I don't know how this confusion has___________. come about 我不知道这一片混乱是怎么发生的。 (6)The subject _________in conversation. came up

谈话中谈到了这个话题。

Module 32 │ 短语储存
3 turn away in turn by turns take turns 转身离开;不让进入,把某人打发走; 拒绝给予帮助 依次,轮流;相应地;转而,反过来 交替 依次;轮流 转过身来 调低(热度、音量等);拒绝

turn in
turn down

上交;归还

turn round

turn over
turn out

打翻,翻身;翻动;移交
结果(是),证明(是);蜂拥而出;生产,制造

Module 32 │ 短语储存
turn to
turn up 【活学活用】 用turn短语的适当形式完成句子

转向;求助于;着手做
打开/关闭 调大(热度、音量等);突然出现,露面

turn on/off

(1)Thousands of applicants are ____________each year. turned away 每年都有成千上万的申请者被拒之门外。
(2)A doctor cannot __________a dying man. turn away

医生是不能见死不救的。
(3)He _______the business _____to his daughter. turned over 他把生意移交给女儿管理。

Module 32 │ 短语储存
(4)The child __________his mother for comfort. turned to 那孩子向母亲寻求安慰。 (5)To my surprise, it ___________that I was wrong. turned out 令我惊讶的是,竟然是我错了。 (6)All theories originate from practice and ________ in turn serve practice. 任何理论都来源于实践,反过来为实践服务。

Module 32 │ 短语储存
4 fix one‘s eyes/attention/thoughts/mind/etc. on 注视;凝视;全神贯注于 focus (one's attention) on/concentrate (one's attention) on pay one's attention to 把注意力集中在 注意

【易错警示】
当句子的主语是“眼睛,注意力”等时,要用被动语态形式, 即be fixed on sth。

Module 32 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用fix的适当形式完成句子 (1) Every eye __________on the new girl. was fixed 大家的眼睛都紧盯着那个新来的女孩。 (2)He___________________________________________ what he fixed/focused/concentrated his attention on

was doing.
他全神贯注地工作。

Module 32 │ 句型透视 句型透视
a.Then she leapt backwards,back arched and fur on end, tail held out stiffly. 然后它向后一跃,脊背拱起,毛

发竖立,尾巴僵直地伸着。(n. +过去分词/介词短语)
b.?at the side of the boulevard was a line of cafés and small shops,all brightly lit,all open,and all utterly silent and empty beneath a sky thick with stars. ??路的一侧是成行的咖啡馆和小商店,在布满星 星的夜空下,所有店铺都静悄悄的,无人光顾。

Module 32 │ 句型透视
(n. +过去分词/形容词)

独立主格结构句型公式:

n. /pron. +doing/done/to do/adj. /adv. /prep.
phrase =with+n. /pron. +doing/done/to do/adj. /adv. /prep. phrase 【句式分析】 独立主格结构是一个独立的名词或代词(作为逻辑主语),加 上一个分词、形容词、副词、不定式、介词短语。独立主格

结构的逻辑主语与主句的主语不同,它独立存在,一般用逗
号与主句分开,其作用相当于状语,多用来表示行为、方式

Module 32 │ 句型透视
或伴随的情况,有时也用来表示时间和条件。这种结构多用 在书面语中。它们往往可以转化为with复合结构。我们需要重 点掌握由过去分词、现在分词及不定式+自己的逻辑主语构成 的独立主格结构。如: The test finished,we began our holiday.

=With the test finished,we began our holiday.
=When the test was finished,we began our holiday. Winter coming,it gets colder and colder. =With winter coming,it gets colder and colder. =As winter comes,it gets colder and colder.

Module 32 │ 句型透视
He came into the room,his ears red with cold. =He came into the room with his ears red with cold. He came out of the library,a large book under his arm. =He came out of the library with a large book under his arm.

【活学活用】
(1)Time permitting ,we will visit you tomorrow. _______________ 如果时间允许,我们明天就去拜访你。 (2)______________,she sat down for a cup of tea. Her work done 她干完了活,坐下来喝茶。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1.[2010·安徽卷] —How did you like Nick's performance
last night? —To be honest,his singing didn't ________ to me much. A.appeal 【解析】 A B.belong C.refer D.occur

本题考查动词词义以及与介词的搭配。句意为:

“你认为昨晚Nick的演出怎么样?”“说实话,他的演唱不能吸

引我。” appeal to有吸引力,引起兴趣;belong to属于;
refer to指,谈及,涉及;occur to发生。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010·辽宁卷] Thousands of people ________ to watch yesterday's match against Ireland.

A.turned on
C.turned around 【解析】 D

B.turned in
D.turned out

本题考查动词短语的用法。turn out 有“出席,

在场”的意思;而turn on 则是“打开”;turn in有“上床睡
觉,上缴,向内拐”等意思;turn around是“转身,翻转”的 意思。只有turn out符合语境。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
3.[2010·全国卷Ⅱ] My mother opened the drawer to ________ the knives and spoons.

A.put away
C.put on

B.put up
D.put together

【解析】 A

本题考查动词短语辨析。句意为:妈妈打开抽屉把

刀子和匙收拾起来。put away收拾起来,储存,符合句意。put up提出,张贴,悬挂,提供住宿;put on上演,穿上;put

together放在一起。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
4.[2009·福建卷] We are at your service. Don’t ________ to turn to us if you have any further

problems.
A.beg B.hesitate D.seek 本题考查动词词义辨析。beg乞求,乞讨,恳求; C.desire 【解析】 B

hesitate犹豫,踌躇;desire欲望,愿望;seek试图,要求。句
意为:我们为你服务。当你有任何问题时,请毫不犹豫地向我们 求助。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
5.—What are you reading, Tom? —I'm not really reading, just________ the pages.

A.turning off
C.turning over

B.turning around
D.turning up

【解析】 C

本题考查动词短语辨析。turn over翻动,把??

反过来;turn over the pages翻动书页。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
6.An interesting suggestion for measuring the atmosphere around Mars has been________.

A.given off
C.put forward

B.called in
D.set out

【解析】 C

本题考查词组辨析。put forward提出(建议、计划

等)。句意为:一个有趣的测量火星周围大气的建议已经被人提
出来了。give off意思是“发散”;call in意思是“请求收回, 请来”;set out意思是“开始”,都不符合语境。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
7.Attention ________on his painting, he even didn't notice me come in.

A.fixed
C.focusing

B.paid
D.concentrating

【解析】 A

本题考查独立结构和动词搭配。“把注意力集中

在??”可以用fix/concentrate/focus one's attention on
或pay one's attention to等来表示。attention与 fix/concentrate/focus之间应该是被动关系,因此只有A正确。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
8.He often complained to me of ________ too much work. A.burdened with

B. being burdened with
C.burdening with D. burden with 【解析】 B 此B正确。 表示 “有??负担”可用be burdened with或

burden sb/oneself with?来表示,of后面要用动名词形式,因

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
9.The universities have expanded, thus ________ many more people to have the chance of higher education.

A.have allowed
C.allowing

B.allowed
D.to allow

【解析】 C

thus 是副词而不是连词,因此后面的动词应该是

前句的附属成分,根据意义在此应该用现在分词作结果状语。句
意为;大学扩招了,这样就使更多的人能有机会接受高等教育。

Module 32 │ 跟踪训练
10.—Can you tell me where my ID is? —Don't worry. I'm sure it will________some day.

A.turn around
C.turn up 【解析】 C

B.turn on
D.turn over

本题考查动词短语辨析。turn around回转,转向;

turn on转动,打开;turn up出现,到达;turn over翻转过来。
答语句意为:不用担心,我相信有一天它会出现的。

Module 33 │Interpersonal Relationships—Friendship

第三十三讲 Module 3 Interpersonal Relationships—Friendship

Module 33 │ 编读互动

编读互动
设置“课前热身”,目的是让学生用8分钟快速浏览本模块
的知识内容。知识讲解部分,重点讲解了本模块的重点单词、短 语和句型。 在本模块中, tear,raise,count,consider是高考热点, 尤其要注意tear一词在使用过程中的语态以及tear和count的一 词多义;学生极易混淆raise和rise,提醒学生不要掉以轻心, 要准确掌握。 建议课时:讲练一课时,课时作业(包括评讲)一课时,共计

两个课时。

Module 33 │ 美文佳句 美文佳句
诵美文 假如你是一名中学生,叫李华,根据下表内容用英语写信 给某报社Just ask栏目的主持人Witman,请求帮助解决一个长 期困扰你的问题,即如何与同桌相互交流、沟通的问题。你的 情况:学习成绩好;喜欢与同学交流,乐于助人你同桌的情况: 学习勤奋,遵守纪律;性格内向,很少与人交流、沟通;有时

会发脾气

Module 33 │ 美文佳句
注意: 1.开头已写好,只需接着写;

2.可适当发挥,使文章更连贯;
3.词数:100左右 参考词汇:发脾气lose one’s temper

Dear Witman,
I’m a middle school student. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ____________________________________

Module 33 │ 美文佳句
Dear Witman, I’m a middle school student. I’m doing well at

my studies, and ready to help others. At school I like
to talk with my classmates. However, I have a problem that troubles me all the time. It is the relationship between my deskmate and me.

Module 33 │ 美文佳句
My deskmate is a hard?working student, who keeps the school rules well. However, he is a person of few words. What’s more, he loses his temper easily. I don’t know how to communicate with him. Maybe it’s

because we have seldom sat down and exchanged our
feelings and thoughts. I hope we can know more about each other and understand each other better. I do hope

we’ll be closer. What can I do?
Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

Module 33 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1.However, I have a problem that troubles me all the time. 不过,我有一个问题一直困扰着我。 [赏析] 该句不是很长,但包含了一个that引导的定语从句。 2.My deskmate is a hard?working student, who keeps

the school rules well. 我的同桌是一个勤奋的学生,他
严格遵守学校的规章制度。 [赏析] 该句使用了一个who引导的非限制性定语从句,和前

面的形容词hardworking一起,形象地描述了同桌的形象。

Module 33 │ 美文佳句
3.Maybe it’s because we have seldom sat down and exchanged our feelings and thoughts. 也许是因为我们 很少坐下来交流感情和思想。 [赏析] 该句是对目前情形的猜测,使用了一个because 引 导的表语从句,从句中使用了两个并列的谓语动词。

Module 33 │ 课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.I t_____ a page from my notebook. ore
2.We are r________ money for charity. aising 3.We just need a small a_______of fuel. mount

4.He is _______(喜怒无常的) in personality because of moody his rough experience when young.
5.I always confuse the sisters—they look so a_____. like

Module 33 │ 课前热身
6.The scholarship offered by the government aims to

help the students in poverty f___________. inancially
7.If you don't do it now, you'll only r______ it. egret 8.The professor m__________several useful books in his entioned

lecture.
9.It is a p_________to have him as my friend. rivilege 10. The teacher was ___________(数) the students as counting they got on the bus.

Module 33 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.词语翻译 1.突然发生,突然??起来 2.开始认识、了解 3.(开车)撞伤,撞死 4.偶尔,有时 __________ burst out _______________ get to know _____________ knock?over ___________________ from time to time go through ____________ ___________ turn round

5.检查,查找;经历;遭受
6.转过身来 7.少量的(+不可数名词)

___________________________________ small amounts of/a small amount of
8.筹款 _____________ raise money

Module 33 │ 课前热身
9.和好,和解 10.保持联系 ________ make up

_______________ keep in touch 11.对??感到惭愧或羞耻 __________________ be ashamed of? 12.享有??的福气 13.因为??责骂某人 14.与某人关系很好 15.聚会 16.突然,忽然 ___________________ be blessed with? ________________ scold sb for? be on good terms with sb _________________________ ______________ get together _____________ all at once

Module 33 │ 课前热身
17.使想起?? 18.作为回报 __________________ bring?to mind __________ in return

19.真心诚意地,发自内心地 __________________________________ from the bottom of one's heart

Module 33 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ.完成句子 1.由于我把东西落在了衣帽间里,我就进去取,却发现罗伊正 在翻别人的大衣口袋。 ___________________________in the cloakroom,I went Having left something inside to get it and found Roy _______________the going through pockets of people's coats. 2.对这个情况考虑了一会儿,我决定就偷窃的事向Roy问个明 白。

______________________the situation for a while I Having thought about
decided to ask Roy about the theft.

Module 33 │ 课前热身
3.我很幸运拥有一个幸福的童年,一段大多数人都想拥有的时 光。 I ___________________a happy childhood,______ that was blessed with one most people would want to have. 4.我很遗憾地说,我已经跟一些朋友失去了联系。

I _______________that I ______________________some regret to say have lost touch with of my friends.

Module 33 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 raise

v. 提高;举起;筹措(金钱);提出;养育
(因生气而)提高嗓门

raise one's voice

raise hopes/consciousness/awareness 唤起希望/提高觉悟/增强意识

raise a question/objection/a point
提出问题/反对/观点 raise money 筹集资金

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
【易错警示】 raise是及物动词;而rise是不及物动词,表示“上升,增长, 起立,起身”等意。

【活学活用】
用raise或rise的适当形式填空 (1)______ your hand if you know the right answer. Raise (2)Stan's dad died,leaving his mother __________three to raise sons alone. (3)We should try to _______people's awareness of raise environmental protection.

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
(4)He _____to greet me. rose (5)Smoke _____into the sky. rose

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
2 count

v. 数;计算;将??计算在内;很重要;认为
可数的 不可数的 无数的,数不尽的

countable adj. uncountable adj. countless adj. count down 倒计时

count sb in
count sb out count on

把某人计算在内
不包括,不算某人

依靠,指望 情意胜过一切。

【经典句式】
It is the thought that counts.

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1)Don't __________a salary increase this year. count on
别指望今年会加薪。 (2)If you're all going to the party,you can_____________. count me in

要是你们全都去参加聚会,就可以把我也算上。
(3)It is what you do rather than what you say ____________________. that counts/matters 重要的不是你怎么说,而是你怎么做。

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
3 considerate

adj. 体贴的;考虑周到的
相当多(大、重要)的 考虑;体谅;顾及 考虑到,顾及

considerable adj. consideration n. 【经典句式】

take sth into consideration

It is considerate of sb to do sth 某人这样做考虑很周到。 【活学活用】

(1)___________________________ to call on your relatives It is considerate of you
from time to time. 你时时拜望亲戚很周到啊。 (2)He made a _______________sum of money in real estate. considerable

他做房地产生意赚了一大笔钱。

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
4 tear

v. 撕破,撕裂 n. 眼泪
把??撕开 拆散;使分离;彻底毁灭 把某物撕成碎片

tear sth open tear sth apart tear up 撕裂,撕毁

tear sth into pieces

tear at sth
tear down

撕扯某物
拆掉;撕下 忍痛舍去,忍痛离开

tear oneself away from

burst into tears
be moved to tears

哭出来
感动得哭了

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)Be careful—the fabric ______very easily. tears 小心,这种织物一撕就破。 (2)The book was so interesting that I couldn't _________________________. tear myself away from it

这本书太有趣了,我简直不忍放下。
(3)She _________all the letters he had sent her. tore up 她把他寄给她的信都撕了。

(4)It is time some of the old buildings________________. were torn down
其中有些旧房子该拆掉了。

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
5 mention

v. & n. 提到,提及;涉及

mention sth to sb/mention(to sb) that 向某人提及?? don't mention it 不必道谢,不用提

not to mention

更不用说; 更不必说

Module 33 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)I____________________________, and she seemed to mentioned the idea to Jane like it. 我向简提到了这个主意,她好像挺喜欢。 (2) He has a big house and an expensive car,

_________________a villa in France. not to mention
他有一所大房子和一辆昂贵汽车, 且不说在法国还有一座别 墅了。

Module 33 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 burst out 突然开始做某事, 突然激动地喊叫

burst out crying/cheering/screaming/laughing
=burst into tears/cheers/screams/laughter 突然哭起来/欢呼起来/叫起来/大笑起来 【活学活用】 (1)The class___________________. burst out laughing

学生们突然笑起来。
(2) Claire looked as if she were about to_____________ burst into tears. 克莱尔看上去好像就要哭了似的。

Module 33 │ 短语储存
2 keep in touch (with)
lose touch with? be in touch with? get in touch with?

与??保持联系;了解
与??失去联系 和??有联系 和??取得联系 脱离;不了解;失去联系

be/get out of touch with

a touch of
【活学活用】

少许

(1)Have you _____________with him? got in touch

你与他取得联系了吗?
(2)He helped to _______________________what was going on keep us in touch with there. 他帮助我们了解那儿的情况。

Module 33 │ 短语储存
3 be on good terms with sb keep on good terms with sb in terms of in the long term/short term 与某人关系很好 同某人保持友好关系 从长远看/从短期看

至于,关于,从??观点来看

【活学活用】
(1)____________________________him at the present time. I'm not on good terms with 现在我同他关系不好。

(2)We must aim for world peace__________________. in the long term
我们要争取持久的世界和平。

Module 33 │ 短语储存
(3)Did the experiment find any differences

_____________what children learned? in terms of
从孩子们所学知识的角度,这个实验有没有发现什么差异?

Module 33 │ 句型透视 句型透视
It would have been impossible to find my daughter without the help of Friends Reunited. 如果没有老友团 聚网站的帮助,我就不可能找到我的女儿。

【要点解读】
此句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,用without短语来引出虚 拟的条件。

Module 33 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1)Without your help, we _____________________such great would not have made progress. 要是没有你的帮助,我们不可能取得这样大的进步。 (2)Nothing could live_______________. without water

没有水,什么也活不了。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1.[2009·江西卷] — What is the price of petrol these days? —Oh, it ________sharply since last month. A.is raised C.has arisen 【解析】 B B. has risen D.is increased

本题考查动词的时态和语态。根据时间状语

“since last month” 可知应用现在完成时。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
2.I hear they've promoted Tom, but he didn't mention

________ when we talked on the phone.
A. to promote C.having promoted 【解析】 B B.having been promoted D.to be promoted

本题考查动词用法。mention 表示“提及,提

到”,后面接名词或动名词作宾语,不接不定式。句意表示

“我们在电话里聊天时,他没提到被提升”。promote表示“提
升,升职”,此处应为被动含义,故选B。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
3.I hear you're organizing a trip to the seaside next

week. ________ me ________! I can't wait.
A.Count; in C.Leave; behind 【解析】 A B.Count; out D.Leave; out

本题考查动词词组辨析。count sb in把某人计算

在内;count sb out不包括,不算某人;leave?behind忘了带,

遗忘,把??抛在后面;leave? out遗漏,漏掉,删除。根据
I can't wait (我都迫不及待了)可以看出说话者想参加下周的 旅行,因此希望对方把他算在内。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
4. —Can you remember ________ some unpleasant things

about her?
—Yes, but I didn't mean ________ her. A.saying; to hurt B.to say; hurting

C.to say; to hurt 【解析】 A

D.saying; hurting

本题考查非谓语动词。remember doing sth 意为

“记得曾经做过某事”;mean to do意为“打算做”。I didn't mean to hurt her. 意为“我并不是有意伤害她”。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
5.When she heard from the hospital that her father had

died, she ________ into tears.
A.burst C.exploded B.went D.fell

【解析】

A

本题考查动词辨析和常用搭配。burst into

tears放声大哭。句意为:从医院里听到她父亲去世的噩耗,她
放声大哭起来。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
6.I was ashamed________my failing the exam and decided

________ a measure to make up for it.
A.of; upon C.at; on B.for; on D.about; upon

【解析】 A

本题考查固定搭配。be ashamed of sth为??感

到羞愧/惭愧;decide on/upon sth决定,选定。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
7.After inspecting the building,specialists discovered

some faults that otherwise________.
A.had been overlooked B.would have been overlooked

C.were overlooked
D.would be overlooked 【解析】 B 解题的关键是抓住关键词“otherwise”,句意为:

经过检查之后,专家们发现了一些要不然就被忽视的不足之处。
这里显然是对过去的结果“事实已发现”的虚拟,所以要用 would have done结构。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
8.In sport what really ________ is not the winning but

the playing.
A.values C.counts 【解析】 C B.minds D.considers 本题考查动词辨析。句意为:就运动而言,重要

的不是赢,而是参与。count重要,有价值;value估价,珍视, 重视;mind介意;consider考虑,认为。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
9.Do________ yourself ________ from the television and

come out for a walk.
A.keep; away C.get; away 【解析】 D B.break; away D.tear; away

本题考查动词词组辨析。句意为:你别舍不得离 oneself away from忍痛舍

开电视了, 出去散散步吧。tear

去,忍痛离开;keep oneself away from远离;break away from 和get away from都不能和oneself连用。

Module 33 │ 跟踪训练
10.________ very late last night, my brother got up late

and went to school without breakfast this morning.
A.Working C.Worked 【解析】 B B.Having worked D.To work 本题考查非谓语动词。having worked 是动词

?ing形式的完成式,表示该动作发生在主句谓语动作之前,在 此动词?ing形式作原因状语。

Module 34 │ Music

第三十四讲 Module 4 Music

Module 34 │ 编读互动

编读互动
设置“课前热身”,目的是让学生用8分钟快速浏览本模块的
知识内容。知识讲解部分,重点讲解了本模块的重点单词、短语和 句型。 在本模块中,shrink,interpret这几个词对于学生来说都比 较陌生,需要重点讲解;relief以及动词relieve在阅读理解中经 常出现,需要学生掌握;push one's way及其相似短语也是高考的 重点,需重点掌握。 建议课时:讲练一课时,课时作业(包括评讲)一课时,共计两

个课时。

Module 34 │ 课前热身

课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. He is very d_________ because he failed in the epressed examination. 2. The committee is c________of fifteen members. omposed 3.Circumstances have _________(结合) to ruin our plans combined for a holiday.

4.Her __________(抱负) was to be a famous singer. ambition

Module 34 │ 课前热身 5.Charities (慈善机构)rely on __________(自愿的) voluntary

donations/contributions.
6.Different musicians can have different ways to

i__________ the same piece of music. nterpret
7.Forget your worries and ______(放松). relax presented 8. When he left the company,the manager ___________(赠送)
him with a gold pen. 9. He was down with the flu, and t__________ couldn't herefore come to the party. 10.Will this shirt s_______after being washed? hrink

Module 34 │ 课前热身 Ⅱ.词语翻译 1.举办音乐会 2.与??的情况相同 ______________ give concerts _________________ (be) true of/for

3.赋予??生命(生命力,活力) ________________ give life to? 4.与??的情况相同(两者或两者以上) ___________________ be the same with? 5.与??分享感受与想法

_________________________________ share feelings and ideas with?
6.与??进行来往 7.突然间 ____________________ make contact with? _________________ all of a sudden

8.伴着音乐跳舞

___________________ dance to the music

Module 34 │ 课前热身 9.利用,凭借,依赖 ___________ draw upon

10.悄悄走开
11.与??连接 12.当众,公开地 13.挤过人群 14.另外 15.不能忍受

slide away ___________
__________________ be connected to? ___________ in public _________________________________ push one's way through the crowd __________________ in addition to

____________ can't stand 16.使??继续存在 _________________ keep sth alive 17.没听懂,不明白重点

miss the point ________________
_________ come on
_________________________ take something seriously

18.得了吧
19.认真对待

Module 34 │ 课前热身 Ⅲ.完成句子 1.最大的挑战是既尊重传统,又加入我自己的风格。 The biggest challenge is ___________the traditions to respect but______________________. to add my own style 2. 你应该认真对待自己的职责。

You are supposed to
_____________________________________. take your responsibilities seriously 3.我终于在巴黎同她取得了联系。

I finally ______________________in Paris. made contact with her

Module 34 │ 课前热身 4.我不能容忍听那样的歌曲。 ___________________________songs like that. I can't stand listening to 5.凭借中国1500多年的音乐文化,“女子十二乐坊”将深厚的传 统与古典、民族与现代音乐巧妙结合。 _____________more than 1,500 years of Chinese music, Drawing upon

Twelve Girls Band ______this rich tradition mixes
_____classical,folk and contemporary sounds. with

Module 34 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 combine

v. 结合;联合
结合;联合
将A和B联合;组合;合并 通力合作

combination n.
combine A with/and B the combined efforts

【活学活用】
____________________________________and heat the Combine the eggs with a little flour mixture gently. 把鸡蛋和少量面粉调匀,用微火加热。

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 2 shrink

v. 变小;减小
退缩;畏缩

shrink (away/back) from sth/sb 【活学活用】

(1)The sweater ________after being washed. shrinks 这件毛衣洗后缩水。

(2)As he moved threateningly forward,she
___________________him. shrank (back) from 他步步逼近,把她吓得直退缩。

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 3 relief

n. (痛苦、忧虑等的)解除,减轻;调剂
解除;减轻;缓和 感到宽慰的;放心的 松了一口气 使某人感到欣慰的是

relieve v. relieved adj. to one's relief relieve sb of sth

breathe a sigh of relief

give/bring relief from

减轻??的痛苦

帮助??减轻负担

relieve anxiety/guilt/stress

消除焦虑/内疚,缓解压力

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 【经典句式】

What a relief! 可轻松了!
It is a relief to do sth做??是一种宽慰。 【活学活用】 (1)____________________, the kids arrived home safe and To our great relief sound.

让我们感到宽慰的是,孩子们都安然无恙地回来了。
(2)Our remarks can ______________________________her pain. give/bring some relief from 我们的话可以减轻她的一些痛苦。

Module 34 │ 单词点睛

(3)____________________to find you here. It's a great relief
见到你在这儿我就放心了。 (4)The new secretary will ________________some of the relieve us of paperwork. 新来的秘书会减轻一些我们文案工作的负担。 (5)She felt _________when she heard the news. relieved 听到这个消息,她放心了。

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 4 honour

v. 尊敬,敬重 n. 荣誉;尊敬
可敬的,值得钦佩的
为??增光

honourable adj.
an honour to?

in honour of; in one's honour

出于对某人或某事物的敬意
be/feel honoured to do sth 做某事感到荣幸 be honoured for? be honoured with? 因为??受到尊敬/赢得荣誉 被授予??

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 【活学活用】

(1)He is ______________our country. an honour to
他是我们国家的光荣。 (2)I ________________have been mentioned in his speech. was honored to

他在讲话中提到了我,真是荣幸。
(3)It's a ceremony ______________those killed in battle. in honour of 这是为纪念阵亡将士而举行的仪式。 (4)He __________________with a knighthood for his has been honoured scientific work. 他因科研成就而获授予爵士头衔。

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 5 handle

vt. 触,摸,拿;管理,控制;处理,应付;操作

n. 柄;把手
【活学活用】 根据语境判断handle在下列句中的含义,并选择合适的英语 解释

a. v. touch (sth) with or hold (sth) in the hand(s)
b. v. deal with, manage or control c. n. the part of sth you use for opening or holding

it

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 (1)Then he turned the handle and went in. (2)Fragile handle with care. _____ a (3)I had handled the matter badly. ____ b (4)Leave it to me. I can handle it. ____ b (5)An officer must know how to handle his men. ____ b ____ c

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 6 regarding

prep. 关于
尊敬;问候[pl. ] 不加理会; 不顾 把??看作;认为??

regard vt. 把??看作;注意;留意n. regardless adv. regard?as 把??看作;认为??

consider?(as/to be)

think of?as
think?(to be) look on?as

把??看作;认为??
认为??是 把??看作;认为??

treat?as

把??看作,对待
不理会;不顾

regardless of

Module 34 │ 单词点睛 【活学活用】 (1)She said nothing _______________________your request. regarding/in regard to 她对你的要求只字不提。 (2)I _______your suggestion ____worth considering. regard as =I _______________your suggestion worth considering. consider/think

我觉得你的建议值得考虑。

Module 34 │ 短语存储

短语存储
1 come on (表鼓励、催促等)快,走吧;加油;得了吧, 算了吧 【活学活用】 根据语境判断come on在下列句中的含义

(1) Oh,come on, don't lie!

_______________ 得了吧,算了吧 快点 (2)Come on, we‘ll be late! ______
(3)Come on, you can do it! ______ 加油

Module 34 │ 短语存储 2 keep sb/sth alive 使??活着;使??继续

come alive 生动起来;活跃起来;有精神起来 【活学活用】 (1)We should try to_______________________________. keep the good traditions alive

我们应该努力把那些好传统保持下去。
(2)She ________________when she sat down at the piano. only came alive 她只有坐在钢琴旁才会有精神。

Module 34 │ 短语存储 3 push one's way (through?) make one's way lead the way lose one's way feel one's way 迷路 摸索着前行 穿过??;挤过??

(艰难地)走向;(向某地)走去 带路;引路

fight one's way
wind one's way

奋斗前进
蜿蜒前进

force one's way out/in/through

挤出去/强行进入/挤过
work one's way 费劲地(到达某地);通过干活??

Module 34 │ 短语存储 【活学活用】 (1) We lost our way when we ______________toward the made our way valley. 我们向峡谷走去时迷路了。 (2) There was so many people in the room that I had to

push/force our way out ________________________.
房间里人太多了,我们不得不硬挤出去。

Module 34 │ 句型透视

句型透视
The same is true of my second instrument,the guzheng.

对于我的第二种乐器——古筝,情况也是如此。
be true of/for sb/sth 对??也适用/也如此【归纳比较】 表示“??也如此”还经常用到:

It is the same with sb/sth
So it is with sb/sth So do I. Neither/Nor do I.

Module 34 │ 句型透视 【注意事项】

“So do I. ”只用于单一的肯定情况;“Neither do I. ”只用
于单一的否定情况。如果要表示既有肯定又有否定或有多个不 同类谓语动词的情况时,要用It is the same with sb/sth. 或者So it is with sb/sth. 【活学活用】 (1)________________everyone. 这适用于每一个人。 It is true of (2)In Chinese,the same pronunciation with different tones has different meanings.

___________________________. The same is true for music
在汉语中,读音相同音调不同,意义也不同,音乐也是如此。

Module 34 │ 句型透视 (3)He is clever but he doesn't work hard,so ______________________. it is with his sister

他虽聪明但学习不努力,他的姐姐也是这样。
(4)He is not good at expressing himself.__________. Nor am I 他不擅长表达自己,我也是。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练

跟踪训练
1.[2010·山东卷] Those who suffer from headache will find they get ________ from this medicine.

A.relief
C.defense 【解析】 A

B.safety
D.shelter relief表示“用药后病情的缓解”。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 2.As nobody here knows what is wrong with the machine, we must send for an engineer to ________ the problem. A.handle B.raise C.face D.present

【解析】 A

句意为:因为没有人知道机器到底出了什么

毛病,所以我们必须派人去请工程师来处理这个问题。 handle the problem解决、处理问题。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 3.Progress so far has been good. ________, we are sure that the project will be completed on time. A.However C.Therefore B.Otherwise D.Besides

【解析】 C

本题考查副词辨析。根据语境判断前后为因

果关系,因此用therefore。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 4.—It'll take me half an hour to sweep the floor! —________! I could do it in 10 minutes. A.Take your time C.Don't worry 【解析】 D B.Take it easy D.Oh, come on

本题考查情景英语。句意为:“我需要半个小时

才能扫完地。”“嗨,得了吧! 我只要十分钟就可以搞 定。”Oh, come on为交际用语,意为“得了,快点,别胡扯 啦”;Take your time意为“慢慢来,不着急”;Don't worry意为“别担心”;Take it easy意为“沉住气,不紧张, 慢慢来”。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 5.They________ their way through the forest toward the town after they had a rest. A.walked C.made 【解析】 C B.gave D.found make one's way意为“向某地走去”。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 6.________ table manners, I can't stand people ________with their mouth full. A.Regard; to speak C.Regarding; speaking 【解析】 C B.Regard; speaking D.Regarding; to speak

本题考查词义辨析和非谓语动词。regarding用

作介词,意为“关于”。stand当“忍受”讲时,可用于can't stand sb doing sth意为“不能忍受(某人)做某事”。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 7.In order to be a good writer, you have to ________ your imaginations and life experience. A.draw up C.draw in 【解析】 B B.draw upon D.draw for

本题考查短语辨析。draw on/upon意为“利用,

凭借,依赖”;draw up意为“写,起草”; draw in 意为 “到达,吸引来”;draw for意为“抽签”。根据句意“为了 成为一名好作家,你得运用想象力和生活阅历”,可知选B。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 8.During the 2008 financial crisis,the French president Nicolas Sarkozy agreed to provide 300 millions of emergency fund aid to help________unemployment. A.release C.relieve 【解析】 C B.resemble D.recommend 本题考查动词辨析。release是“释放,放出”

的意思;resemble是“看起来像”的意思;relieve是“缓解, 消除,减少”的意思;recommend是“推荐、建议”的意思。 句意为:在2008年的经济危机中,法国总统Nicolas Sarkozy

同意提供三亿元的紧急基金来帮助缓解失业问题。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 9.I like eating in this restaurant. The food is good and the same is ________ for the service. A.true C.similar B.like D.real

【解析】 A

本题考查形容词辨析及其搭配。 be true

of/for与??情况相同;对??适用。

Module 34 │ 跟踪训练 10.________and excited,the athletes from all over the world took part in the Winter Olympics held in Vancouver. A.Honored C.Being honored 【解析】 A B.Honoring D.To be honored

本题考查形容词短语作状语。句意为:来自世界

各地的运动员光荣而又兴奋地参加了在温哥华举办的冬奥会。 前半部分是形容词作状语。此处的honored是形容词,表示 “深感光荣的”,与excited一起作句子的伴随状语。

Module 35 │ Cloning

第三十五讲 Module 5 Cloning

Module 35 │ 编读互动 编读互动
设置“课前热身”,目的是让学生用8分钟快速练习本模块

的知识内容。知识讲解部分,重点讲解了本模块的重点单词、短
语和句型。 在本模块中,beneficial,benefit在学生写作过程中会经

常出现,需要学生理解并运用;resist,arise是高考常见词汇;
break短语要学生反复实践练习。 建议课时:讲练一课时,课时作业(包括评讲)一课时,共计 两个课时。

Module 35 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文

你班同学对于克隆人持不同意见。请你根据下表中的提示,
用英语写一篇短文,介绍同学们的不同观点,并表达自己的看 法。

一些同学赞成的理由:
1.能使许多不孕患者实现做父母的愿望。 2.为许多不治之症找到新的治疗方案。 3.创造巨大的物质财富,有利于社会的进步。

Module 35 │ 美文佳句
一些同学反对的理由: 1.会引起道德方面的问题。 2.可能成为恐怖分子的犯罪工具。 3.大量基因结构相同的“克隆人”可能诱发新型疾病的传播。 你的看法:??

Module 35 │ 美文佳句
Should Human Cloning Be Allowed?

Should human cloning be allowed? My classmates take
different attitudes towards it. Some of my classmates are in favour of human cloning.They think it will help those who are not able to have children realize their dream of being parents.

What’s more, treatments for many incurable diseases
can be found with its help.

Module 35 │ 美文佳句
They also think it creates great wealth and is of great benefit to society progress. However,other classmates are against human cloning.

As far as they are concerned, it will give rise to
moral questions.Worse still, terrorists may use it as a tool.Cloned people with lots of genes arranged in the same way may cause the spread of new diseases.

Module 35 │ 美文佳句
In my opinion, human cloning should be fully
developed. As an old saying goes,every coin has two sides. If we can make proper use of human cloning, I

believe it will benefit us all.

Module 35 │ 课前热身
背佳句 1.What’s more, treatments for many incurable diseases can be found with its help. 此外,在它的帮 助下,一些不治之症将找到疗法。 [赏析] 该句使用了情态动词的被动语态结构。

2.As an old saying goes,every coin has two sides. 正
如一句名言所说的,“任何事情都有两面性”。 [赏析] 该句使用了as句型,引用了一个谚语,起到了画龙

点睛的作用。

Module 35 │ 课前热身
3.If we can make proper use of human cloning, I

believe it will benefit us all. 如果我们更合理地利用
人类克隆,我相信它对我们都将有好处。 [赏析] 从整体上看,该句是一个含有if引导的条件状语从

句的主从复合句,主句中的“it will benefit us all”是
名词性从句作believe的宾语。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.She is good at hiding her e_________. So we don't motions
know much about her real feelings. 2.There is too much __________(暴力)on TV these days. violence

3.The animal was still b_________, so we knew it was reathing
still alive. 4.Kindness is but one of his v________. irtues 5.Certain courses are compulsory, others are o________. ptional

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
6.You didn't bother me. On the c________ , I liked your ontrary company.

7.I must ask you to ____________(陪伴)me to the police accompany
station. 8.90% of patients can be c______of the disease. ured 9. The improvement in sales figures had a __________(有 beneficial 益的)effect on the company as a whole. 10.The smell of the fish __________(使觉得恶心) me. disgusted

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
Ⅱ. 词语翻译

1.与??形成对照
2.扑倒在??上 3.发出声音 4.一再,屡次 5.把??当成??对待 6.支持 7.反对 8.正相反

________________ contrast with? ___________________ throw oneself on?
______________ make a sound

again and again __________________
____________ treat?as? _______ be for ___________ be against _________________ on the contrary

9.正是这样
10.接着说

__________ that's it
____________ to continue

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
11.错误地 ___________ by mistake

12.和??一样,与??一致
13.如下 14.摧毁

___________________ (be) identical to?
____________ as follows ___________ knock out

15.摆脱控制
16.据我们所知 17.分解 18.使??复活

____________________ get out of control
___________________ as far as we know

break down ____________
_____________________ bring? back to life ___________ vice versa

19.反过来也一样,反之亦然

20.燃尽,烧完自灭

__________ burn out

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
Ⅲ. 完成句子
1.我们的车在巴黎北边抛锚了。 Our car ___________just north of Paris. broke down 2. 我们在天黑前赶回了家,又累又饿。 We returned home before dark,__________________. tired and hungry 3. 把动物圈养在笼中是违背自然的。 It ________________________to keep animals in cages. goes/is against nature

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
4. 那个女孩藏在黑暗的角落里,吓得直发抖。 The little girl hid in the dark corner, _____________________. shaking with fear 5.据我们所知,他是个品德高尚的人。

__________________, he is a man of virtue. As far as we know

Module 35 │ 课前热身 课前热身
1 suspect

n. 嫌疑人 v. 怀疑

suspect sb of sth/doing sth
怀疑某人有罪,认为某人有嫌疑 【活学活用】

suspect her of having taken the money (1)What made you_______________________________________?
你凭什么怀疑钱是她偷的? (2)She strongly suspected that__________________________. her husband had been lying 她觉得她丈夫很可能一直在说谎。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
2 fear

n. &v. 害怕;恐惧;担忧
害怕做 为??担忧 以免;唯恐

fear to do fear for sb/sth for fear that

for fear of
【经典句式】

唯恐;以免(发生危险)

I fear so. 恐怕是这样。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1) I _________the safety of those mountain climbers in fear for this sudden bad weather. 在这突如其来的坏天气里,我真担心那些登山运动员们的安 全。 (2) Helen _____________out alone at night. fears to go 海伦害怕晚上单独出去。 (3) He left an hour early _____________missing the train. for fear of 他提早一小时离开,唯恐错过那趟火车。 (4) He told us to keep quiet ______________we might for fear that disturb others. 他让我们保持安静,以免打扰别人。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
3 beneficial benefit v.

adj. 有益的,有用的
对??有利,使受益n. 优势; 益处,利益

be beneficial to sb/sth=be of benefit to sb/sth 对某人或某事有用或有利

benefit from?
为了某人的利益

从??中受益

for one's benefit=for the benefit of sb

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) I ______________________my father's advice. benefited a lot from 我从父亲的建议中受益匪浅。 (2)We should spend the money on something that will _____________________. benefit everyone

我们应该把这笔钱花在大家都能得益的事上。
(3)The fresh air ____________________________you. is beneficial/of benefit to 新鲜的空气对你有好处。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
4 contrast

v. 对照,对比 n.对比;明显不同,反差
与??形成对照 相差甚远 作对比 和??形成对比

contrast with? contrast sharply make a contrast

in contrast with/to?

by contrast

对比起来;与之相比

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)His action __________________________his promises. contrasted sharply with 他的行动与诺言形成鲜明的对照。 (2)The company lost 7 million yuan this quarter _______________a profit of 6. 2 million yuan a year in contrast to

earlier.
这家公司本季度亏损了700万元,与去年同期620万元的盈利 形成了对照。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
5 cure

v. 治疗;治愈 n. 疗法;治疗
治疗/改掉某人的疾病/恶习
对??的疗法

cure sb of sth
a cure for sth 【活学活用】

(1)The doctor____________________. cured her of cough
这个医生治愈了她的咳嗽。 (2) His parents______________________________________. cured him of the bad habit of smoking 他的父母使他改掉了吸烟的恶习。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
6 resist

v. 抵抗
抵抗,反抗;抵抗力
抵抗的;反对的 抵抗者;反对者 反对或抵制做某事 忍不住做某事 对??抵抗的

resistance n.
resistant adj & n. resist doing sth

can't resist doing sth be resistant to sth 【活学活用】

(1) I _______________________________the secret. couldn't resist telling him 我忍不住告诉他这个秘密。

(2)Elderly people are not always _____________change. resistant to
老年人并非总是抵制变化。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
7 absorb

v. 吸收
被??吸引住;全神贯注 沉浸于

absorbed adj. be absorbed in 【活学活用】

(1) He _____________________________that he didn't was so absorbed in his book even notice me come in. 他是那么沉浸于他的书中以至于没有注意到我进来。 (2) This drug__________________________________. is quickly absorbed into the body

这种药很快被吸收进体内。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
8 arise

v. (问题、困难等)发生,出现

【词语辨析】 rise,arise,raise 和 arouse (1)rise 是不及物动词,为一般用语,表示“渐渐上升”,也可 表示“起立”、“起身”。

(2)arise 也是不及物动词,含义比rise正规的多,当作
“由??引起或产生”讲时,后接from或out of。 (3)raise 为及物动词,意为“举起,使升高;提升,提拔;提

出”等。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
(4)arouse意为“唤起”。如arouse one's interest/sympathy, “唤起某人的兴趣、同情心”。 【活学活用】 (1) Children in school ______their hands to answer raise questions.

学生举手回答问题。
(2)_______________________________in the course of their Unexpected difficulties arose experiment.

在他们进行实验的过程中,出现了意想不到的困难。

Module 35 │ 单词点睛
(3)Emotional or mental problems can ____________________ arise from/out of a physical cause. 身体上的原因可以引起情绪或精神上的问题。

Module 35 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 by mistake 错误地

make a mistake
mistake A for B 【活学活用】

犯错误
误把A 当成B

(1)—I am sorry to have taken your umbrella____________. by mistake —That's all right.

“我很抱歉错拿了你的伞。”

“没关系。”

(2) She __________________for her twin sister. is often mistaken 她常被误认为是她的孪生姐姐/妹妹。

Module 35 │ 短语储存
2 break down 分解;出故障;中断;感情控制不住

break in 闯入,强行进入;打断,插嘴 break into 强行进入;突然??起来 【活学活用】 用break短语的适当形式填空 (1)I could tell the story much more easily if you didn't _________so often. break in (2)News reports say peace talks between the two countries have _____________with no agreement reached. broken down (3)The robber ____________the bank,trying to take away broke into some money. (4)She ____________and cried when she heard the news. broke down

Module 35 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1.?it is generally agreed that it is one of the best science fiction stories ever written.

??这本小说被认为是写得最好的科幻小说之一。
It is generally agreed that?大家普遍认为?? 【相关拓展】

It's generally/widely/universally
acknowledged/believed/thought/recognized/accepted that?

Module 35 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】

_____________________________the harder you work,the It is generally agreed that
more progress you will make. 大家普遍认为,你越努力,取得进步就越大。

Module 35 │ 句型透视
2.My candle was almost burnt out when,by its tiny light,I saw the yellow eye of the creature open. 蜡 烛即将燃尽,就在此时,借着微弱的烛光,我看见怪物睁开 了黄色的眼睛。 ?was/were doing sth when?正在做某事突然??

?was/were about to do sth/on the point of doing sth
when? 正要做某事,这时?? ?had (just) done sth when?

刚做完某事,这时突然??

Module 35 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1)_________________________________________when they They were about to leave for the station heard a warning on the radio that all trains were delayed by the fog. 他们正要动身去车站,这时他们从收音机里听到提醒说所有

的火车由于大雾晚点了。
(2)We hadn't been out for long ___________________ when she felt sick in the stomach.

我们没外出多久她就感觉到胃里恶心。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练

跟踪训练
1.[2010·山东卷] Mothers holding jobs outside the home

should have________schedules to make it easier to
care for their children. A.heavy B.smooth

C.flexible
【解析】 C

D.complex

根据句意“制定灵活的(flexible)计划以便照

料孩子”可知选C。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
2.I like getting up very early in summer. The morning
air is so good________. A.to be breathed C.breathing 【解析】 B B.to breathe D.being breathed

本题考查形容词后跟不定式的主动形式表达被动意义

的用法。在“主语+be+形容词+不定式”句型中,若主语是不定
式结构的逻辑宾语,这时应用主动形式表示被动含义。适合于此结 构的形容词有amusing, cheap, dangerous, difficult, easy, important, nice, good, pleasant等。本题中the morning air 与breathe构成动宾关系。故这里应用主动形式表被动意义,故答 案为B。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
3.To understand the grammar of the sentence, you must break it________ into parts. A.down B.up C.off D.out

【解析】 A

本题考查break的短语的区别。break down粉碎,

分解;break up(关系)破裂;break off折断,中断;break
out(战争等)爆发。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
4. He got to the station early, ________ missing his train. A.in need of C.for fear of 【解析】 C B.instead of D.in search of

本题考查短语辨析。in need of意为“需要”;

instead of意为“相反,代替”;for fear of 意为“害怕”;
in search of意为“寻找”。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
5.The conversation ________ at this point. A.broke down C.broke up 【解析】 A B.broke out D.broke in

本题考查动词短语辨析。break down意为“中

断”;break out意为“逃脱,逃出,突然发生”;break up意

为“粉碎,分裂,结束,解散”;break in意为“闯入”。根
据题意选A。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
6.—I am sorry to have taken your umbrella________mistake. —That's all right. A.for 【解析】 C B.with C.by D.from

by mistake错误地。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
7.Her actions________sharply with her promises. A.compete C.combine B.compare D.contrast

【解析】 D

compete with和??竞争;compare with与??

相比;combine with和??结合,联合;contrast with与?? 形成对照。本句意为:他的行动与诺言形成鲜明的对比。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
8.Although________is generally agreed that this wine is much better than that one in quality, few wish to pay so much money for it. A.that 【解析】 B 为?? B.it C.this D.one

本题考查代词辨析。此处it作形式主语,与agree

构成句型:it is(generally) agreed that?大家普遍认 此句意为:虽然人们公认这种酒较之那种质地优良, 但很少有人花这么多钱去买它。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
9.I________along the street looking for a place to park when the accident________. A.went; was occurring B.went; occurred

C.was going; occurred
D.was going; had occurred 【解析】 C 本题考查动词的时态。表示“正在做某事这时发

生了某事”要用句型sb be doing when?句型,该句型前面用

过去进行时,后面用一般过去时。

Module 35 │ 跟踪训练
10.The dictionary will be________ to me, I think. A.for great benefit C.with great benefit B.of great benefit D.to great benefit

【解析】 B

本题考查常用搭配。(be) of great benefit相当

于(be) beneficial, 表示“(对??)有益/有好处”。

Module 36 │ War and Peace

第三十六讲 Module 6 War and Peace

Module 36 │ 编读互动 编读互动
设置“课前热身”,目的是让学生用8分钟快速浏览本模

块的知识内容。知识讲解部分,重点讲解了本模块的重点单词、
短语和句型。 在本模块中,despite 与though、although经常被混用,

需要我们反复提醒学生。before做连词时意义非常灵活,学生
一定要在语境中加以体会并学会应用。 建议课时:讲练一课时,课时作业(包括评讲)一课时,共 计两个课时。

Module 36 │ 课前热身
课前热身

Ⅰ.单词拼写
1. The lifeboat was sent out to r_______ sailors in time. escue 2.Two children d_______ after falling into the river. rowned 3. He worked so hard that e__________ he was ill. ventually 4. The child was found __________ (遗弃) but unharmed. abandoned 5. The tower stands on top of the mountain, ____________ overlooking (俯视) the villages in the valley.

Module 36 │ 课前热身
6.He's always q_______ stories from the Bible. uoting

7. We surrounded the enemy and _________ (占领) the town occupied
before dark. 8. It didn't seem ___________(值得做的) writing it all worthwhile

out again.
9.He is the only s________of the plane crash. urvivor 10.We had a ___________(难忘的) trip last year. memorable

Module 36 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ. 词语翻译 1.向??宣战

declare war on? _________________
____________________ make a breakthrough
__________ pick up

2.取得重大突破(进展)
4.缅怀失去的战友 5.坐落于 6.被卷入到;参与 7.令某人惊讶的是 8.使??保持形状 9.摆桌子

3.停下车来让某人搭车;救起

___________________________ remember the lost comrades __________________ be situated on/in _______________ be involved in _______________________________ to one's astonishment/surprise _______________ keep?in shape ____________ lay a table

10.为??干杯

___________ drink to?

Module 36 │ 课前热身
11.作为回报 12.如果我没记错的话 13.对??感到惊讶 14.应该做某事 15.遭受失败 16.使人们关注 __________ in return ______________________ if I remember rightly ___________________ wonder about/at? ______________________ be supposed to do sth _______________ suffer defeats _________________ draw attention to owe?to ________ _____________________ inspire sb to do sth ______________ in the face of

17.把??归功于
18.激励某人做某事 19.面临;面对

Module 36 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子

1.幸存者们躺在海滩上,又疲惫又震惊。
The survivors lay on the beach,_____________________. exhausted and shocked 2.幸存者们被附近村子的渔船救起。

The survivors _________________by fishing boats from were picked up
nearby villages. 3.我太羞愧了,不好意思承认我太小还没有女朋友。 I __________________________that I was too young to was too ashamed to admit have a girlfriend.

Module 36 │ 课前热身
4.我还没来得及说什么,男孩就跑掉了。

_____________________________, the boy had run away. Before I could say anything
5.温斯顿·丘吉尔尤其因为演讲而著名,很多人认为他的演讲 可以使人们更加坚定地去打败敌人。

Winston Churchill is especially famous for his speeches
which many believe ______________________________________defeat the made people even more determined to enemy.

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
单词点睛 1 last

adj. 刚过去的;最后的;最不可能??的
(顺序上的最后)最后一点; 最后 持续很长一段时间的 坚持到底 最后的但同样重要的

adv. 最后;上次;最近 v. 持续;持久;维持;够用
lastly adv. lasting adj. to/till the last

at last

最后;终于

last but not least

in the last years (=in the recent/past years)

在最近的几年里

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
last (for) a long time 【活学活用】 (1)He'd be _________________to do it. the last person 他是最不可能做这件事的人了。 (2)____________________,there is the question of adequate Last but not least funding. 最后但同样重要的问题是要有足够的资金。 (3)The war________________________. lasted (for) five years 战争持续了五年。 持续很久

last (sb) a long time 维持(某人)很久;够(某人)用很久

(4)The food will________________________. last us a few more days
食品够我们再吃几天。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
2 drop

v. 扔下,(使)落下;减少,下降,停止;放弃,
不再做;让某人下汽车

n. 下降;滴

drop in on sb drop in/by/round/over

顺便拜访某人 顺便访问

drop out

退出,脱离;退学,辍学
落后 给某人写短信/便条

drop behind

drop sb a line/note

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

(1)根据语境判断drop在下列句中的含义并选择合适的英语解释
a. fall or cause (sth) to fall b. (cause sth to) become weaker, lower or less

c. allow sb to get out of a car, etc. ; deliver sth on
the way to somewhere else d. give up (a habit, custom, etc. );stop doing or discussing (sth)

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
①Could you drop me (off) near the post office? ____ c

②Don't drop that or it'll break! _____ a
③Drop everything and come here! _____ d ④His voice dropped to a whisper. _____ b

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
(2)根据汉语意思完成句子

①House prices have __________________in the economic dropped sharply
depression. 房价在经济衰退时期已经急剧下降。

②She got a scholarship to Cambridge but _____________a dropped out year later.
她得到了剑桥大学的奖学金,但一年以后就退学了。 ③I thought I'd ___________you while I was passing. drop in on 我曾想路过时就来看看你。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
3 despite

prep. 尽管,不管,不顾,任凭
不顾,不管;虽然,尽管
不管,不顾,尽管

in spite of
regardless of 【经典句式】

despite the fact that?
【易错警示】

尽管??

despite作“尽管,不管,任凭”时(=in spite of/regardless of),后面应该搭配名词、动名词或名词性从句; 而though,although是连词,引导状语从句。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】

He managed to finish the work on time
__________________________________his lack of despite/in spite of/regardless of experience.

=He managed to finish the work on time

despite the fact __________________that he lacked experience.
=He managed to finish the work on time though/although _______________ he lacked experience. 尽管缺乏经验,他还是按时完成了这项工作。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
4 overlook

v. 俯瞰,远眺;没注意到,忽视

【活学活用】
(1)We _________the church from our house. overlook 我们可以从家中俯瞰教堂。

(2)She _________________________and tried to pretend overlooked his rudeness
nothing had happened. 她没有理会他的粗鲁举动,竭力装作若无其事的样子。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
5 rescue

n. &v. 营救,拯救
营救某人、某物(脱离)
救援,帮助

rescue sb/sth(from)
come to one's rescue rescue team 【活学活用】 营救队 rescue attempt

营救行动

(1) What we must do is___________________________. to rescue them from danger 我们必须做的是营救他们脱离危险。 (2)The child who fell into the river would have died if

the young man hadn't_____________________. come to his rescue
要不是那个青年来相救, 落水的孩子早就没命了。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
6 occupy

v. 占领,占(时间、空间等);住进;
使从事;使忙于 已占用的; 无空闲的; 在使用的 职业;居住;占有,占领

occupied adj. occupation n.

keep sb occupied with sth/(in) doing sth

使某人忙碌于(做)某事
occupy oneself with sth/(in) doing sth 使忙于(做)某事

be occupied (in) doing sth/with sth
专心于(做)某事;忙于(做)某事

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
be busy doing sth/with sth be engaged in (doing) sth 【活学活用】 (1) Reading_______________________________. occupies most of my free time 阅读占去了我大部分的闲暇时间。 忙于(做)某事 忙于(做)某事

occupied in looking after (2) He's __________________________three small children.
他忙于照料三个小孩儿。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
7 mess

n. 凌乱,混乱,杂乱 v. 弄脏,弄乱
混乱的;肮脏的;麻烦的 把某物弄乱/弄脏,弄糟某事物;搞砸 把??搞得一塌糊涂/乱七八糟 杂乱无章,乱七八糟;问题成堆

messy adj. mess sth up be in a mess 【经典句式】 make a mess of

What a mess! 一团糟!/真乱!

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)I was asked to organize the trip,but I ________it___. up messed 大家要我组织这次旅游,可是我把它搞糟了。 (2)You've _____________of the job. made a mess 你把工作搞得一团糟。

(3)This kitchen's_______________! in a mess/messy 这厨房太脏了!

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
8 remain

vi. 剩余,残存;逗留;留下
剩下的

linking verb. 仍然是;保持
remaining adj. remain to be done (to be left as still to be dealt

with)

有待;尚需;尚未??
??有待于验证。

【经典句式】 It remains to be seen? 【易错警示】 remain用作系动词,后接形容词、名词、介词短语以及现在 分词、过去分词等。它没有被动形式,也没有进行时态。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】

remain和leave
两词都可以表示“剩下,留下” ,但remain是不及物动词, 没有被动语态;作定语要用remaining,且放于名词之前。

leave是及物动词,有被动语态;作定语要用过去分词left,
且常放于名词之后。 【活学活用】 (1)Several problems remained_______________. to be solved 仍有几个问题有待于解决。

Module 36 │ 单词点睛
(2)The __________leaves on the tree have turned yellow. remaining

树上剩余的叶子已经变黄了。
(3) We have not much time left. We should hurry. 我们没剩多少时间了,应该快点。

(4)No matter how I asked, he__________________. remained silent
不管我怎么问,他都保持沉默。 (5)______________________whether you are right. It remains to be seen 你是否正确,以后可见分晓。

Module 36 │ 句型透视
句型透视 The operation was extremely dangerous and many soldiers were killed before they even got off the boats.

这次登陆行动异常危险,很多士兵还没来得及下船就牺牲了。
【相关拓展】 It will be a long time/years/?before?

要过很久/好几年/??才??
It won't be long/years/?before? 用不了多久/几年/??就??

Module 36 │ 句型透视
It wasn't long/years/?before?

没过多久/几年/??就??
【归纳比较】 before有多种译法:

(1)意为“??才”(当强调主句所表达的时间很长或花费的力量
较大时)。 (2)意为“??就”(当强调主句所表达的时间很短或花费的力量 较小时)。 (3)意为“尚未,还没有,来不及”。 (4)意为“如果,否则,以免”。 (5)意为“在??以前”。

Module 36 │ 句型透视
(6)意为“与其??宁可??”。

【活学活用】
(1)根据语境判断before在句中的含义,把上面对应的序号写在 后面。 (4) ①Get out before I call the police. ____ (2) ②I hadn't waited long before he came. ____ ③We had walked miles before we got water. ____ (1) ④Before I could say anything more, Holmes had rushed off towards the station. ____ (3) ⑤I'd die before I'd tell. ____ (6)

Module 36 │ 句型透视
⑥You have to pass a test before you can get a license. ____ (5) (2)根据汉语意思完成句子。 ①______________________________we finish this job. It will be a long time before 要过很久我们才能完成这份工作。 ②_______________________he returned. It wasn't long before 没多久他就回来了。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
跟踪训练 1.[2010·福建卷] The girl had hardly rung the bell ________ the door was opened suddenly,and her

friend rushed out to greet her.
A.before 【解析】 A B.until C.as D.since

本题考查连词。句意为:这个女孩几乎没来得及按

门铃,门就突然被打开了,她的朋友冲出门去欢迎她。before 在??之前,还没来得及;until直到??时(为止);as当?? 的时候;since自从??以来。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010·湖北卷] Mistakes don't just happen;they occur for a reason. Find out the reason,and then making the mistake becomes ________.

A.favourable
C.essential

B.precious
D.worthwhile

【解析】 D

本题考查形容词辨析。根据句意:错误不是偶然发

生的,它是由于某个原因才发生的,找到这个原因,使犯错误变 得有价值。favourable表示“赞成的,有利的”;precious表示 “珍贵的”;essential表示“必要的”;worthwhile表示“值 得的”。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
3.[2009·安徽卷] ________a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project. A.It has B.They have

C.It remains

D.There remains

【解析】 D

本题考查there be结构。remain替代了be动词。句

意为:关于那项规划的实际价值人们仍存疑问。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
4.He was told that it would be at least three more months ______he could recover and return to work. A.when B.before

C.since

D.that

【解析】 B

本题考查状语从句。句意为:他被告知至少3个月

才能恢复并重返工作。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
5.It is said that dogs will keep you_________ as long as you want when you are feeling lonely. A.safety B.company

C.house

D.friend

【解析】 B

本题考查固定搭配。 keep sb company 意为“陪

伴某人”,其余各项均不能构成搭配。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
6.Joe Jones,the eldest of the eight children,had to ______ out of high school at the age of 16 to help his father on the farm.

A.leave
C.fall 【解析】 B

B.drop
D.go drop out是“退学”的意思,符合题意。leave

out“省去,不考虑,遗漏”;go out“出去,过时,熄灭”; fall out“掉落,脱落,离开队列, 争吵”。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
7.When the game finally ended, both of us were lying flat on our backs, too tired to________. A.play B.start

C.sleep

D.move

【解析】 D

本句意为:当比赛最后结束时,我们俩仰躺在地,

累得无法动弹。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
8.The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being ________ to the care of strangers. A.dismissed B.abandoned

C.stood

D.quit

【解析】 B

本题考查动词辨析。abandoned舍弃。句意为:研

究表明,老年人如果被抛给陌生人照顾,会有很深的恐惧感。

dismiss解散;stand维持,持久;quit退出。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
9.________ the end of their relationship, they still keep in touch with each other. A.In spite of B.Apart from

C.Except for

D.Due to

【解析】 A

in spite of尽管。句意为:尽管他们的友谊已经

结束,但仍然彼此保持着联系。B和C意为“除了”;due to 意

为“ 由于”。

Module 36 │ 跟踪训练
10.“Terrorists ________ war on the United States, and war is what they got. ” Bush said. A.attacked B.declared

C.fought

D.offered

【解析】 B 战”。

declare war on?为固定用法,意为“对??宣


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