Module 2 My New Teachers
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1．The cost of food and clothing has come down in recent years. Similarly (类似地，同样地)，fuel prices have fallen quite considerably.
>2．Sorry，you answered incorrectly(不正确地).
Is there anybody else to try again?
3．We appreciate(感激) your efforts for the
development of the company.
4．I've never got nervous English examination.
(紧张的) at an
5．The party was well organised (有组织的) and turned out to be a success. 6．Can you say that dolphins are much more
ntelligent than other animals? i__________
7．The new result is c ompletely
8．What a joke! How a musing __________
9．The more exercise the young students
more nergetic e_________ they become.
10．Gail was lying in the sun，looking very
r_______ and happy. elaxed
Ⅱ.词语翻译 1．确定，确信；查明 2．犯错误 3．取得进步
make sure ________ make mistakes ________
__________ make progress keep doing sth ___________
5．结果 6．在某方面干得好 7．事实上 8．睡着 9．讲笑话；开玩笑
as____________ a result do __________ well in sth in fact ___________
__________ fall asleep ______________ tell jokes
get bored(with _________ sth) 11．和??一起感到快乐 be fun with? __________ 10．厌倦了 12．宁愿，宁可 _______________ would rather 13．更喜欢做(某事) prefer to do/doing/would prefer to do ______________________________ true of? 14．适用于??，合乎??的事实 be ________ have problems with? 15．有??的问题 _________
Ⅲ.完成句子 1．有姐姐帮我，在数学方面我已经取得了很大的进步。 With my sister helping me ，I have made great progress in math. 2．除非你努力工作，不然难免再次失业。 You can't avoid losing your job again unless you work hard. you rather 3．你更愿意步行还是坐公共汽车？Would _______________ walk or take a bus?
4．他设法使他的课生动有趣，因此你不会感到枯燥。 He tries to make his class lively and so that you won't get bored interesting，________________________________ 5．在法国、德国和西班牙，情况也是如此，纪律和对老 师的尊敬被认为非常重要。
This is true of France，Germany，and Spain，
where __________discipline and respect for the
teacher are considered very important.
avoid vt. 避免，逃避，躲避，回避 avoid sth/sb 躲避某事或某人
avoid doing sth
只跟v. ?ing形式 (不可用不定式)作宾语的常见动词及动 词短语有：mind，risk，practise，keep，consider， miss，suggest，enjoy，admit，escape, finish, appreciate, imagine, give up，insist on，can't help，be worth，look forward to，get down to等。
(1)I try to avoid going shopping on
Saturdays because the stores are so
avoid eating (2)If you want to lose weight， ___________
snacks between meals.
appreciate doing sth 愿意做??
appreciate the significance/importance/value of
I would appreciate it if? 如果??，我将不胜感激。
appreciate等表示喜好的动词后加it或跟if或when从 句，构成固定句型。如： I don't like it when people speak with their mouth full.
relaxing with you on (1)I really appreciate ________________
this nice island. 和你在这个美丽的岛上放松心情，我真得感到很快乐。
I would appreciate it if you could turn (2)_________________________ the music down.
(3)Her abilities are not fully appreciated ____________________________ by her employer.
admit sb/sth to/into?
be admitted to/into? admit doing sth admit (to sb) that?
被??接收 (向某人)承认?? 普遍认为??
It is generally admitted that?
(1)George would never ____________________________. admit being wrong 乔治从不认错。 (2)Through her hard work，
was finally admitted to Peking University she_______________________________________________.
(3)He couldn't admit _________________________________he to his parents that had trouble with the course.
prefer v. 更喜欢 更喜欢做某事
prefer doing/to do?
prefer (doing/n. )?to (doing/n. )?
prefer to do?rather than do?
preferred walking to taking buses . (1)She _______________________________________
to stay at home (2)Some people nowadays prefer ________________________
during the golden week
rather than go out for holidays. . ____________________________________
as a result
因此，结果 由于?? 造成；导致 因??发生 因此，结果 由于/作为??的结果
as a result of? result in result from? as a consequence
as a consequence of/in consequence of
(1)A very effective reform has been carried out in the factory. As a result/consequence _____， costs have been reduced by as much as 90%. 一个有效的改革在这个工厂已经实施了。因此，成本降
(2)There were many hundreds of deaths___________ resulting from the floods. 洪水已造成数百人死亡。
be fun with sb
和某人一起感到快乐 玩得很愉快 消遣地，开玩笑地
have fun for/in fun
make fun of sb
It is (great/good) fun to do sth. /What
(great/good) fun it is to do sth ！做某事真有趣！
【活学活用】 (1) What fun it will be to go on holiday together. 我们大家一起去度假会很有意思。 (2) It's no fun eating on your own. 一个人吃饭没什么乐趣。 not funny (3) It's ______________ ，Paul; poor Teresa is nearly in tears. 这并不好笑，保罗，可怜的特丽莎快要哭了。 (4)We had a lot of fun at the party yesterday. 在昨天的聚会上我们玩得很开心。
keep doing sth
keep sb doing? keep up 继续 keep up with keep on
keep sb from doing? 阻止某人做?? 使保持、维持(在同一水平)；使不低落； 跟上，不落后 继续
【短语辨析】 keep doing和keep on doing (1)keep doing：使某一过程或状态继续。如： keep smiling 保持微笑，再笑一笑
(2)keep on doing：继续做某事；不断或反复做
由此可见，keep doing更强调“状态的持续，继 【易错警示】 keep sb from doing sth中的from不能省略，注 意不要和keep sb doing 混淆。另外与keep sb from doing意义相似的短语prevent/stop sb from doing sth在主动语态中from可以省略， 被动语态中不可以。
续”，而keep on doing更强调“动作的反复”。
burning (1)Please keep the fire . It is too cold
here. 请让火一直烧着，这里太冷了。 (2)I wish you .
wouldn't keep on interrupting me
我真希望你不要总是打断我。 (3) Keep going until you reach a large roundabout.
(4)What kept you from coming? 什么使你没能来？
make sure (of sth/that?) 弄清楚
be sure to do sth sure enough )
be/feel sure of/about 【注意事项】
(1)I think the door's locked ，but I'd better go
make sure (it . is) 我想门已经锁了，但我最好还是去查看一下。 and (2)You must make sure of 你必须把时间和地点弄清楚。 the time and place.
(3)Nobody knows for sure what will happen in the
没有人能肯定将来会发生什么事。 (4)Are you sure of your facts?
1．I've always hated making mistakes or
pronouncing a word incorrectly when I
speak English，but Mrs Li just smiles，so
that you don't feel completely stupid.
主句＋so that? (结果状语从句) 主句＋so that?can/could/may/might/will/would? (目的状语从句)
【归纳比较】 (1)so that引导的目的状语从句中常会有情态动词can，could， may，might，will，would等，可与in order that 互换；而so that引导的结果状语从句中一般没有情态动词，有时可以和 so?that?互换。 (2)so that引导的目的状语从句之前不用逗号，而so that引导的 结果状语从句与主句之间往往用逗号隔开(即略作停顿)。
【活学活用】 (1)He worked very hard ， so that he got a
good mark in the exam.
(2)They held a meeting so that they could
hear everyone's ideas. 他们召开了一次会议为的是能听到众人的心声。
2．?，but I think I'll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. 但我想，有陈老师教我，我一定会考好的。 句型公式
【活学活用】 (1) With the problem solved ，she felt relieved. 问题解决了，她感到放心了。 (2) With so many financial problems to deal with ， President Obama feels worried.
(3)We went through the forest without any difficulty with the guide leading us . 有导游的引导，我们毫不费力地穿过了森林。 (4) With he windows open，it is cooler. 窗户开着，凉快多了。
3．I would rather do translation than revision ， Mr Stanton. 斯坦顿先生，我更愿意做翻译练习，而不愿 意复习。
would rather (not) do sth would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人做某事(用于虚拟语气，谈现在和将来的情
would rather do A than do B
would rather sb had done sth
【活学活用】 (1)Even though the city was under attack，some old people would rather not leave . 虽然城市正遭受攻击，但是一些老人就是不愿意撤离。 (2)On hot summer days ，I'd rather go out swimming in the river than stay at home enjoying air conditioners. 在炎热的夏日，我宁愿外出到河里游泳也不愿呆在家 里享受空调。 (3)I'd rather you didn't know about it. I don't want to tell you about it. 我宁愿你对此事一无所知。我不想告诉你这件事。 (4) I would rather have done the work yesterday. 我宁愿昨天已经做了这份工作。
1．[2010·上海卷] Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues____
with her stories.
A．amused C．to amuse
B．amusing D．to be amused
2．[2010·湖北卷] If I find someone who looks
like the suspect，my
to tell the police.
reaction will be
C．sensitive 【解析】 B
3．[2010·山东卷] The school rules state that no
child shall be allowed out of the school during
the day， ___________ accompanied by an adult. A．once C．if
连词unless表示“if they are not…”。
4．[2009·重庆卷] —Ken, ， but your TV is going too loud. —Oh, I'm sorry. I'll turn it down right now. A．I'd like to talk with you B．I'm really tired of this C．I hate to say this D．I need your help
【解析】 C 本题考查交际用语。I hate to say this意为：我 真不想说，但……
5．[2009·全国卷Ⅱ] If you leave the club, you will not be A．received back in. B．admitted
6．—Come on，please give me some ideas about the project. —Sorry. With so much work my mind，I almost break down. A．filled B．filling C．to fill D．being filled
【解析】 B 本题考查with复合结构。在with复合结构中work 与fill是逻辑上的主动关系，因此要用现在分词，表示“很多工 作占据了我的大脑”。
7．He began to take political science________ only when he left school. A．strictly B．truly C．carefully D．seriously
【解析】 D 本题考查副词词义辨析。 take something seriously 意思是：认真对待某物。
8．I'm sure you'd rather she went to school by bus， ？ A．hadn't you B．wouldn't you C．aren't I D．didn't she 【解析】 B 本题考查would rather的反意 疑问句形式。本句的重点在于you'd rather she went to school by bus，所以反意疑问 句应当根据此部分的you'd变化，故选B。
9．I'll look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little . A．wait B．time C．patience D．rest
【解析】 C 本题考查名词词义辨析。根据句意可知说话者 要求对方要耐心以便等待调查结果。因此选C，patience耐心。 而wait是指“等待”这一具体的动作。
10．No one can avoid advertisements. A．to be influenced C．influencing
by B．being influenced D．having influence
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