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高二英语阅读训练1-2


2015-2016 年度高二英语阅读限时训练(30 分钟)
(一) 完形填空 Allow me to introduce myself: I am the last man in America who has time. If you should come 1 me on the street, I would have time to chat with you.

If you invited me to dinner, I would be on time and do my bit as a(n) 2 conversationalist at your table. But the problem of having time, when 3 else seems to, is that I have become a sort of island, or isolated planet, with little 4 to my surroundings. When did people become so busy? Sometimes I 5 it on the computer, or ―smart‖ phones, for it has been creating desires that can never be 6 , no matter how continuously we hit the keyboard or the screen. They have become a time sink, absorbing our moments 7 a black hole absorbs light. The 8 to fill every moment with activity has been called the ―American sickness‖. For example, I met a friend and asked, ―How are you?‖ Checking his watch, he just gave the inevitable( 必然的) answer ―Busy‖. ―I should have time in June‖, he yelled 9 his shoulders. ―But this is still March.‖ I sighed. Maybe my problem, then, is that I am looking back on too good a 10 . I came of an age when walking was just walking, with no 11 destination in mind. I am also missing evenings lying on the sofa, reading. All of these relaxations gave me the 12 of time to stop for a while if I met a friend. I find that I 13 what Socrates once said: ―Be aware of the barrenness (uselessness) of life‖ and I am even willing to take part in the so-called Slow Movement, which advocates(提倡) a cultural 14 to slowing down life‘s pace. But I hesitate, 15 that it would take me too much time. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. A. across A. persuasive A. somebody A. importance A. blame A. hidden A. as if A. urge B. after B. quiet B. anybody B. connection B. put B. expressed B. just as B. effort
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C. over C. cheerful C. nobody C. advantage C. depend C. understood C. even if C. ability

D. for D. innocent D. everybody D. escape D. set D. satisfied D. such as D. behavior

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

A. on A. view A. particular A. quality A. go against A. access A. indicating

B. by B. memory B. different B. value B. agree with B. approach B. wishing

C. through C. dream C. proper C. freedom C. appeal to C. response C. fearing

D. over D. chance D. endless D. matter D. insist on D. change D. complaining

阅读理解 A In the months following my arrival, my parents worried about the kind of life I would have. They considered their choices, including the possibility of giving me up for adoption. But at last, my parents decided it was their responsibility to raise me as best as they could. I soon proved that even without limbs(四肢) I was athletic and well coordinated(协调). I was all trunk but all baby boy too. I learnt to pull myself into a straight position by sticking against a wall and going up it. My mum and dad worked with me for a long time trying to help me master a more comfortable method, but I always insisted on finding my own way. One of the best surprises of my childhood was the control I had over my little left foot. I used it to roll myself around. My parents and doctors felt that the handy little foot might be of greater use. There were two toes but they were fused when I was born. So they decided to give me an operation to free the toes, which would enable me to use them like fingers to hold a pen. When the doctors are preparing me for the operation, my mother kept emphasizing(强调) to them that they should pay special attention to the possibility of my body overheating. She knew another child without limbs who overheated during an operation and was left with brain damage. Unfortunately, even though they knew my mother was a nurse, they didn‘t take her advice seriously. Despite the successful separation of my toes, I had to be put into buckets of ice to bring down the temperature. After the operation, my quality of life improved a lot from my newly freed toes, though they didn‘t work exactly as the doctors had hoped. Most of my parents‘ worst fears never became true. Raising me was certainly not easy, but for all the challenges, we had plenty of laughter and joy. I had an amazingly normal childhood in which I enjoyed playing jokes on my siblings, Aaron and Michelle, just like other big brothers. Life may be kicking you around now. But I‘m telling you that you can‘t even imagine the good that awaits you if you refuse to give up. Stay
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focused on your dream and chase it. You have the power to change your situations. 16. What does the underlined word ―fused‖ (Para 3) most probably mean? A. joined together B. broken in two C. slightly bent D. seriously injured 17. Which of the following about the operation is TRUE? A. My mother helped with the operation as a nurse. B. The operation was quite successful exactly as expected. C. The doctors should have taken my mum‘s suggestions. D. The overheating did some harm to my brain. 18. What message does the passage express? A. Failure is the mother of success. B. Better to light one candle than to curse the darkness. C. All things are difficult before they are easy. D. He who falls today may rise tomorrow. B It's tough, it hurts – and yet more than two million of us in the UK run at least once a week. Of course, some people run to lose weight, or to get fit, and these are great reasons. Running is also easy to do, it's cheap, and you can do it when you want. All these factors certainly contribute to the fact that running is one of the most popular sports in the UK. But for many of those two million runners, the real reason we head out to pound the roads until our legs hurt is more intangible( 无形的) than weight loss or fitness. Many runners become interested in times. They try to break the 40-minute barrier for the 10K, or run under four hours for the marathon. Yet, really, these times are almost meaningless. And as soon as they are achieved, another target is thrown out almost immediately. The times are only the carrots we put in front of ourselves. But why do we put them there in the first place? Nobody ever gives a wise answer. Deep down, we all know the answer. Running brings us joy. Watch small children when they are excited, at play, and mostly they can't stop running. There's a great moment in The Catcher in the Rye when Holden Caulfield, caught in the uneasy space between childhood and adulthood, is walking across his school grounds one evening and he suddenly starts to run. "I don't even know what I was running for – I guess I just felt like it," he says. This will to run is born. In fact, humans may well have evolved the way we did because of our ability to run. As children, and even
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adolescents, we can respond to this natural call to run whenever the feeling takes us. As we run, we begin to sense that childish joy, which is born to live a wilder existence. As we run, the layers of responsibility and identity we have gathered in our lives, the father, mother, lawyer, teacher, all fall away, leaving us with the raw human being. If we push on, running harder, deeper into the loneliness, further away from the world and the structure of our lives, we begin to feel strangely excited, separated yet at the same time connected, to ourselves. With nothing but our own two legs moving us, we begin to get a sense of who, or what, we really are. After a long run everything seems right in the world. Everything is at peace. To experience this is a powerful feeling, strong enough to have us coming back, again and again, for more. 19. By saying ―The times are only the carrots we put in front of ourselves‖ (Paragraph 5), the author means _____. A. runners are not able to achieve their goals B. progress in times is just one simple reason for running C. records in running can‘t be broken D. nobody knows the reason why people like running 20. The purpose of using the example of Holden Caulfield in Paragraph 6 is to show that _______. A. children enjoy running B. childhood is joyful. C. children often ran for nothing D. running is a natural behavior of human beings 21. The author mentions the reasons for running except _____. A. physical fitness and low cost B. self challenge C. escape from responsibility D. joy and peace in mind

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2015-2016 年度高二英语阅读限时训练(30 分钟)
(二) You don‘t have to look far to find concerns about how technology will steal our jobs. It‘s been widely noticed that automation(自动化) is making machines more powerful and shortening the list of current jobs that only a human can do. Over the weekend, I read Martin Ford‘s new book, Rise of the Robots, which looks at how far machines have come. Ford warns of a coming perfect storm in which mankind has to fight rising inequality, unemployment caused by technology, and climate change. He says finding a way forward may be the greatest challenge of our time. Yes, robots are coming for our current jobs, and that‘s an issue. But what‘s especially interesting is the place where Ford says we really need to get some robots — health care. Ford gives us the explosion of health-care costs. In 1960, health care was less than 6 percent of the U.S. economy. That increased three times by 2013. The United States spends about double what most industrialized countries spend on health care. ―The danger, is not too many health care robots but too few,‖ Ford writes. ―Technology has affected other employment areas. It is producing inequality and unemployment, as well as falling incomes for most workers in other industries. If technology can‘t improve the health -care area, many people will be unable to afford health care. Take a global look at this and it becomes more acceptable to welcome the machines, and to accept that some jobs should disappear. If machines make health care cheaper, then more humans around the world will be able to afford it. The health of humans worldwide would benefit. Besides, we‘ve seen workers turn to other jobs in the past. As Ford says, nearly half of U.S. workers were employed on farms in the late 1800s. When those jobs disappeared, new ones were found. Ford isn‘t alone in highlighting our difficult situation here. Venture capitalist Marc Andreessen recently touched on it with Fortune‘s Dan Primack. ―Everybody complains, ?Oh, my God, robots are going to kill all the jobs and this is going to be terrible and we need less technology because of that.‘ But then at the same time everybody complains, ?Oh, my God, look at the rising cost of health care,‘ ‖ Andreessen told Primack. ―If you want to bring down the prices of health care and education, the answer will be more technology.‖
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1. 2.

3.

4.

Too few health care robots will lead to _____. A. unaffordable health care B. more people out of work C. income decreases D. unequal social status The example of farms in the late 1800s in Paragraph 7 shows that _____. A. technology can help bring down health care costs B. there is no need to worry about job loss C. American workers could find new jobs easily D. machines will cause workers to lose jobs What does the ―difficult situation‖ (Para 8) refer to? A. How to prevent robots stealing jobs B. How to reduce health care costs C. How to apply technology in health care D. How to balance health care costs and employment The main purpose of the passage is to ______ A. raise some concerns about technology B. argue against rising health care costs C. declare the importance of introducing robots into health care D. warn people of the dangers of health care robots

第五部分 任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里 填入一个最恰当的单词。 Less is more. This is why we say: reduce things by half instead of doubling them, relax instead of stressing, and slow down instead of speeding up. Apply these principles(原则) in your everyday life. You will then find yourself well along on your journey to simplification. Separate Your Actions When you concentrate on one task, you find you have energy that you didn‘t even know you had. Just imagine: you have to carry two heavy pigs over 100 yards. If you carry two, it will take forever. But if you tie one pig in a place, pick up the other, gather all your strength and make a dash for the finish line, pause for a moment, run back and get the other one, and carry the second pig to the finish line, then you can be sure of success. Say “No” Firmly If you have the feeling that 24 hours per day are not enough for all the things you need to do, then it‘s not because the day has too few hours, but because you have too many activities. The solution is equally simple: say no to accept so much work in your private life or your working life.
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Allow Yourself to Be Weak ―I can deal with stress‖ is regarded as a positive statement in the world of work. People who can deal with stress are given more and more to --- until one day they break. Pay careful attention to the signs that tell you that you are under more stress than you can deal with. If you become ill, or your work efficiency decreases, change your life goals. Say quite openly, ―I can‘t manage that.‖ Stop Expecting Everything to Be Perfect ―If only I were slimmer, more beautiful, richer, more clever, th en I would be happier.‖ This is a dream that makes a lot of people ill, and unhappy. Life is imperfect. Only those who accept this reality can lead a really full life. Of course there are activities in which errors are dangerous: driving a car; crossing the road. But life doesn‘t entirely have these things. In among them there is possibility that you may make small and large mistakes. Escape Now and Then Successful people all have their own places where they can be left alone in order to work. Find out which places improve your creativity. For me it‘s the train. When I know that I‘m going to be traveling for four hours without phone calls and people knocking on my door, I find my mind is free and I can read or write articles.

How to Theme 58 to apply Less is more, which helps you achieve 61 60 more easily.

56 57

your life a simpler life. 59 than you know and

Concentrate on one task, and you will find you are more to accept too much work in your life.

Change life goals if you are under more stress than you can

62

.

63 64

yourself to make mistakes since life is not perfect. , you will be unhappy.

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Find out where you can be

65

to improve your creativity.

练习一: 完型填空:1-15 ACCBA 阅读理解:16-18 ACB

DBADB

ACBDC

19-21 BDC

练习二:1-4ABDC 任务型阅读: 5-14 simplify; lead/ have/ live; Principles; energetic; success; Refuse; handle; Allow; Or/Otherwise; alone

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