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定语从句讲解


定语从句讲解
2015-07-28 michell 定义: 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的句子在复合句中充当定语, 所以叫作定 语从句。 先行词:定语从句所修饰的名词或代词。 关系词:引导定语从句的词,分为关系代词(who,whom,that,which,whose)和 关系副词(where,when,why,)。 先行词 关系代词 Li Ming is the one t

hat got full marks in our class. 上句的黑体字为复合句中的主句,蓝体字为定语从句. 一 定语从句的关系代词 Which 的用法: 若先行词指物则代替先行词在定语从 句中充当主语或宾语. This is the pen which was given by my friend. 先行词 指物代替先行词在定语从句中充当主语 This is the pen which my friend gave to me. 先行词 指物代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语 二 定语从句的关系代词 Who 的用法: 若先行词指人则代替先行词在定语从句 中充当主语或宾语(如果前面带介词则必须用 whom) The man who is wearing a white suit is my brother. 先行词 指人代替先行词在定语从句中充当主语 The man who\whom he wanted to see last week is in Shanghai. 先行词 指人代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语 She is the girl with whom I went there. 先行词 指人代替先行词在定语从句中充当介宾且介词于前. 三 定语从句的关系代词 Whom 的用法: 若先行词指人则代替先行词在定语从 句中充当宾语(包括介词的宾语) ,与 who 的区别是如果前面带介词则必须用 whom This is the teacher whom\who we like best. 先行词 指人代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语 She is the girl whom\ who I went with there. 先行词 指人代替先行词在定语从句中充当介宾. I don’t like the boy to whom you are talking. 先行词 指人代替先行词在定语从句中充当介宾且介词于前. 四 定语从句的关系代词 that 的用法: 若先行词指人或物则代替先行词在定语从 句中充当主语或宾语 The animal that \which is lost is a panda.
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先行词 指物代替先行词在定语从句中充当主语 She is the person that \who we are worried about. 先行词 指人代替先行词在定语从句中充当宾语 注意 1 that \which 在代物时常常可以通用,但有时只宜于用 which ,不用 that (1) 关系代词前有介词时. This is the hotel in which you will stay. (2) 如有两个定语从句,其中一句的关系代词是 that,另一句宜于用 which. Let me show you the novel that I borrowed from the liberary which was newly open (新开放) to us. 注意 2that \which 在代物时常常可以通用,但有时只宜于用 that ,不用 which. (1) 先行词是形容词最高级或者它的前面有形容词最高级时 This is the best that has been used against air pollution(反对空气污染) in cities. English is the most difficult subject that you will learn during these years. (2) 先行词是序数词,或它的前面有一个序数词时 He is the last person that I want to see. (3) 主句中已有疑问词时 Which is the bike that you lost? (4) 先行词既有人又有物时 The bike and its rider that had run over (撞倒了)an old man were taken to the police station. (5) 先行词是 all,much,little,something,everything,anything,nothing,none,the one 等代词时 You should hand in all that you have. We haven’t got much that we can offer you. I mean the one that you talked about just now. (6) 先行词前面有 only,any,few,little,no,all,one of,the same,the very 等词修饰时 The only thing that we can do is to give you some money. Li Ming is the only one that got full marks (满分)in our class. Li Ming is one of the students that want to be teachers in our class. 五 定语从句的关系副词 Where 的用法:若先行词指地点且其在定语从句中充当 地点状语. This is the house+I was born in the house. (=I was born there) =This is the house where I was born.这就是我在那儿出生的房子. = This is the house in which I was born. 六、 关系副词 why 的用法:在定语从句中只要先行词是 the reason,它的关系 副词就是 why。 如:The reason why I’m calling you is to invite you to the party.
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