素能提升演练（十） 必修 2 Unit 5 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. It?s not a good idea to discipline the class by giving them ______(额外的) homework. 2. His research _______（形成）the basis of his new book. 3. He has ______ (赚) a
lot of money this month by working on a part-time job. 4. I hear the concert will be ________(广播) live on TV tomorrow evening. 5. Applying for jobs can be a long and ________(痛苦的)process. 6. She is in a relaxed, _______(自信的)mood. 7. He ________(表演) quite successfully on the stage last night. 8. The toys are ________ (有吸引力的) to children due to the appearance. 9. He gave a ________(幽默的)account of their trip to Spain. 10. She ________ (假装) that she likes them so that she can get their help. Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. This strategy is ___________(并非没有)danger. 2. Both of them were ________________ (那么热心以至于)we felt very moved. 3. Can you regulate this watch __________________________（让它走得准一些）? 4. He bought many things, ______________(绝大部分) are unnecessary. 5. My fundamental requirement for you is _______________(要诚实). Ⅲ. 单项填空 1. Leave it to me! I feel much more _______ about myself and my abilities these days. A. confident B. energetic C. generous D. curious 2.［2012 蚌埠模拟］ first he refused to admit he had stolen, but when he was shown the videotape At （录像带）he _______ and admitted everything． A．broke up B．broke away C．broke down D．broke in 3. The cartoon “Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf” appeals so much to children ________ it caters well to their taste. A. that B. which C. because D. while 4. You can depend on it that she will come to the wedding. ________, she?s accepted your invitation. A. Above all B. After all C. What?s more D. That?s to say 5. Make sure that your speech is _________ and to the point, so that the audience will not get bored just because they have to listen to you talking for a long time. A. brief B. attractive C. fancy D. powerful 6. ［2012 济南模拟］ —According to my grandma, it is a good idea to drink chicken soup when you have a cold． — ________ , scientists agree with her． A．Sooner or later B．Once in a while C．To be exact D．Believe it or not 7. Everyone?s attention was drawn to the eight-year-old girl who was ______ the piano perfectly. A. acting B. behaving C. doing D. performing
8. ［2012 金华模拟］You?d sound a lot more polite if you make a request ______ a question． A．in search of B．in the form of C．in need of D．in the direction of 9. Many of us Chinese people are _________ with the beauty of Hangzhou and Suzhou. A. attractive B. confident C. familiar D. sensitive 10. ［2012 巢湖模拟］ her birthday, she received a nice present from her parents ________ a note On was attached，saying “We love you so much. ” A. that B. to which C. in which D. which 11. She is _______ the newspapers to be thrown away and putting away the rest. A. sorting out B. figuring out C. making out D. turning out 12. ［2012 南平模拟］She is very ______ about this topic, so we?d better not discuss it in front of her. A. confident B. crazy C. sensitive D. humorous 13. Tom put his heart into the wildlife research， finally， efforts _____ him a great success and and his fame. A. saved B. earned C. made D. offered 14. Mum pretended _______ what happened yesterday at school, but in fact, she has been told about every detail. A. not to hear about B. not to have heard about C. not to be hearing about D. to not hear about 15. During World War Ⅱ, he took many photos, ________ some captured the emotions of both the soldiers and the civilians in war-torn Europe. A. from them B. of which C. by which D. among them Ⅳ. 阅读理解 Just 25 years ago, the top three career hopes for young people in Britain were teacher, banker and doctor. Now, they want to be sports star, pop star and actor, according to a survey by the Guardian newspaper. Rachel, a character in the popular TV show Glee, may be said to speak for British teenagers. “Nowadays being nobody is worse than being poor. ” he said. Emma Brockes, a reporter with the Guardian, believes it is “the bad influence of celebrity(名人) culture” that is to blame. “When children wanted to be doctor, it wasn?t because they were really more interested in the functions of human organs than they are now; you go where the respect is. ” she wrote. It could explain why there has been such an increase in levels of anxiety and depression. Dr Carlo Strenger, of Tel Aviv University, studied the sense of self for his new book The Fear of Insignificance: Searching for Meaning in the 21st Century. He told the Daily Mail that young people
now are “affected by the close connection to the global entertainment network, which has turned ranking and rating people according to wealth and celebrity into an obsession(痴迷). ” “As humans, we naturally measure ourselves to those around us, but now we live in a global village. We are comparing ourselves with the most ?important? people in the world and finding ourselves wanting, ” he said. Today, even high achievers constantly fear that they are insignificant when they compare themselves to success stories in the media. The way out? Simply stop measuring your achievement through a fantasy of wealth and celebrity. Dr Strenger said that it is a process called“active self-acceptance through a constant search for self-knowledge through life. ” “The fear of insignificance can only be overcome through strong individual and cultural identity over and above measurable achievement, ” he said. 1. Nowadays, young people in Britain want to _________ . A. choose jobs based on interests B. become famous C. be teacher, banker and doctor D. earn more money 2. According to Emma Brockes, what causes the increasing level of anxiety? A. Choices of future careers. B. Access to the global network. C. Bad influences of celebrities. D. Endless comparison with others. 3. Which of the following is TRUE of Dr Carlo Strenger? A. He is a newspaper reporter. B. He is the spokesman of teenagers. C. He tells success stories on TV. D. He is against ranking people according to wealth. 4. The text is mainly written to _______ . A. talk about job choices B. analyse a social phenomenon C. encourage celebrity culture D. introduce three famous people Ⅴ. 任务型读写 ［2012 宿州模拟］ 阅读下面短文，根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填一个单词。 I?m fat. I?m too skinny. I?d be happy if I were taller, shorter, had curly hair, straight hair, a smaller nose, bigger muscles, longer legs. Do any of these statements sound familiar? Do you often put yourself down? If so, you?re not alone. As a teen, you?re going through a ton of changes in your body. And as your body changes, so does your image (形象) of yourself. Lots of people have trouble getting used to it and this can affect their confidence. Some people think they need to change how they look or act to feel good about themselves. But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself. The first thing to do is to recognize that your body is your own, no matter what shape, size, or color it comes in. If you?re very worried about your weight or size, go to see your doctor to check
that things are OK. But it?s no other people?s business but your own what your body is like—finally, you have to be happy with yourself. Next, find which aspects (方面) of your appearance you can change and which you can?t change and need to accept—like their height, for example, or their shoe size. If there are things about yourself that you want to change, you can do these by making goals for yourself. For example, if you want to get fit, make a plan to exercise every day and eat nutritious foods. When you hear negative comments coming from within yourself, tell yourself to stop. Try building your confidence by listing three things in your day that really gave you pleasure. It can be anything like the way the sun fell on your face, the sound of your favorite band, or the way someone laughed at your jokes. Title Problems How to get (1) _______to the changes of your body It is not (2) _______for many teens to accept their body changes. All you (3) ______to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself. ●(4) ______shape, size, (5)______ or color of your body is in, don?t worry about it and have to be happy with it. ●Find which aspects you can change and which aspects you can?t change. ●Make (7) _______for yourself. ●Make a plan to (8) _______exercise and eat nutritious foods. ●(9)______ making negative comments on yourself. ●Make a list of three (10) _______things in your day such as the way the sun fell on your face, the sound of your favourite band or the way someone laughed at your jokes.
Two things for you to do
How to change the things about (6)______
答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. extra 2. formed 3.earned 4. broadcast 5. painful 6. confident 7. performed 8. attractive 9. humorous 10. pretends Ⅱ. 1. not without 2. so warm-hearted that 3. so that it can keep time accurately 4. most of which 5. to be honest Ⅲ. 1. 【解析】选 A。考查形容词词义辨析。句意：把它交给我吧! 这些天来我对自己和自己 的能力还是比较自信的。confident 自信的，符合句意。energetic 精力旺盛的; generous 大方的； curious 好奇的。 2. 【解析】选 C。本题考查动词短语的辨析。break down 意为“健康，精神垮下来”；break up 意为“结束，拆散”；break away 意为“脱离，摆脱”；break in 意为“打断，破门而入”。 【变式备选】 They decided to ____________ the partnership.
A. break up B. break through C. break out D. break down 【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。句意：他们决定解除合作关系。break up 解散，解体，分 解；break through 突围，突破；break out 爆发；break down 打破，毁掉，出故障。根据句意 选 A。 3. 【解析】选 C。考查连词。句意： 《喜羊羊与灰太狼》非常吸引孩子们，因为它非常符合孩 子们的品味。because 引导原因状语从句，意为“由于，因为”。此题容易误选为 that，误认为 是 so. . . that. . . 句型。so. . . that. . . 引导结果状语从句，意为“如此……以至于……”，与句意 不符。 4. 【解析】选 B。考查插入语的用法。句意：你放心好了，她肯定会参加婚礼的。毕竟她已 经接受了你的邀请。after all 毕竟, 到底，终究；above all 首先；最重要的是；what?s more 更 何况，而且；that?s to say 也就是说。 5. 【解析】选 B。考查形容词词义辨析。句意：务必使你的演讲有吸引力，切中要点，这样 听众才不会厌烦， 因为他们要听好长时间。 attractive 有吸引力的， 符合句意。 brief 简洁的； fancy 奇特的；powerful 强有力的，均不符合句意。 6. 【解析】选 D。本题考查固定短语的辨析。句意：——从奶奶那儿得知, 当感冒的时候喝鸡 汤是个好主意。——信不信由你，科学家也这样认为。从而确定后者同意前者的观点。故选 择 D。 【变式备选】 Recently I was frustrated that my essay was rejected by a newspaper. _______, I had my wallet picked on the bus on the way home. A. To be honest B. To make matters worse C. To tell you the truth D. Believe it or not 【解析】选 B。考查固定短语作插入语的用法。句意: 最近我感到很沮丧，因为我的文章被一 家报社拒收；更糟糕的是，在乘公共汽车回家的路上我的钱包也被人偷了。to make matters worse 也可说成 to make things worse, 意为“更糟糕的是”，与语境相符；to be honest, to tell you the truth 说实话；believe it or not 信不信由你。 7. 【解析】 D。 选 句意： 大家的注意力都集中在那个钢琴弹得很好的八岁女孩的身上。 perform“表 演”，符合句意。 8. 【解析】选 B。句意：如果你以提问题的形式提出要求的话，听起来会有礼貌多了。 in the form of 以……的形式；in search of 寻找；in need of 需要；in the direction of 朝着……方向。 9. 【解析】 C。 选 句意： 我们许多中国人都很熟悉杭州和苏州的美景。 familiar with. . . “对…… be 了解/熟悉”。attractive“吸引人的”；confident“自信的”；sensitive“敏感的”。 10. 【解析】选 B。attach 与介词 to 搭配，意为“附上，附加”，故定语从句用 to which 引导。 11. 【解析】选 A。sort out“给……分类”，指把物品分门别类地处理。figure out “弄清楚；弄 明白”；make out“辨认出”；turn out “结果是”。 12. 【解析】选 C。考查形容词词义辨析。句意：她对这个话题很容易生气，所以我们最好别 在她面前谈论这事。be sensitive about sth. 易生气的；神经过敏的，符合句意。be crazy about 对……着迷，A、D 两项的两个形容词不与 about 连用。 13. 【解析】选 B。句意：汤姆潜心于野生动物研究，他的努力最终为他赢得了巨大的成功和 声望。earn sb. sth. “为某人赢得某物”。save 和 offer 后均可接双宾语，但与题意不符。 【变式备选】
—He is said to be working in a very famous company. —He must ________ a very high salary, I think. A. earn B. spare C. charge D. afford 【解析】选 A。考查动词词义辨析。根据句子语境，“他在一家知名公司工作”，“他肯定挣很 高的薪水”, 用 earn 符合语境。spare 节约，省下；charge 索要费用；索价；afford 承担得起， 支付得起费用。 14. 【解析】选 B。考查 pretend 的用法。句意：妈妈假装没有听说昨天学校所发生的事，但 事实上，别人已经把每个细节都告诉她了。pretend 后接不定式作宾语，根据语境，要与不定 式的完成式连用，否定式将 not 提到不定式之前，故选 B。 15. 【解析】选 B。 考查“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句。句意：在第二次世界大战期间， 他拍摄了许多照片，而这其中的一些照片抓取了当时在欧洲饱经战争蹂躏的士兵和平民的情 感。of 在句中表示范围。 Ⅳ. 1. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。根据第一段的第二句可知，现在的英国年轻人想出名，故 选 B。 2.【解析】选 C。细节理解题。根据第三段的第一句及第四段的第一句可知，Emma Brockes 认为名人的负面影响增加了焦虑程度。 3. 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。根据第四段的最后一句可知 Dr Carlo Strenger 反对根据财富评 价人。 4.【解析】选 B。作者意图题。本文描述了这样一个社会现象——现在英国的年轻人根据拥有 财富的多少和知名度来评价他人和自己，并分析了这种现象产生的原因，提出了解决办法， 故 B 项能较好地概括本文的写作目的。 Ⅴ.答案：1. used 2. easy 3. need 4. Whatever 5. weight 6. yourself 7. goals 8. do/take 9. Avoid/Stop 10. pleasant/pleasing/happy
copyright ©right 2010-2020。