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写作课件[1]


高考作文回放(全国 II)
时间
2004 2005

体裁
书信 书信

内容
欢迎Andy Smith 的到来并告 知有关事宜 介绍北京动物园迁出的讨论结 果

2006
2007 2008

书信

为应聘亚洲冬运会志愿者作

自 我介绍 应用文 为宾馆开业写一篇文字介绍
书信 介绍如何学好中文

要 如何算是一篇好文章? 点 1.覆盖了所有的要点 全 2. 应用了较多的语法结构 和词汇 词汇,句型 (高级)和语法多
样化(较复杂)

连 接 词

3. 有效地使用了语句间的 连接成分,使全文结构紧凑 语言地道, 4. 语言得体 规范

主要特点
记叙为主 稍加议论 旁带说明

逻辑角度
顺序

合适的过渡性词汇
to begin (start) with, secondly, finally; most important of all, moreover, finally; to start with, next, in addition, finally; for one thing, for another thing; on one hand,on the other hand;

对称

转折
因果 条件 让步 递进

but, however, while, though, otherwise
because, since, as, thanks to, as a result (of) ,so as long as, so long as, on condition that, if, unless though, as, even if/though, whether, who (what,when, where)ever what’s more, besides, to make matters

用适当的连接词填空
so ? 1.He was tired ,___he went to bed . ? 2.The child hid behind his for ? mother’skirt ,___he was afraid of the dog . but he didn’t keep it . ? 3.He made a promise ,___ begin with , the ? 4.I agree to the plan .To ________ building of the factory will provide people Secondly it can save a with different jobs. ________, Finally lot of money .________ , it won’t do much harm to the environment

On one hand , it 5.I don’t agree to the plan .__________ will take too much space of our shool . On the other hand the noise of the machines ____________, will have a bad effect on our teaching In a word work ._________, we don’t think it is a good plan .

I used to do a lot of homework even at weekends. I used to have to work even at weekends doing endless homework .

? He didn’t listen to what I said in the class.
? He turned a deaf ear to what I said in the class.

advanced sentences

a.I like English very much. b.English is my favorite subject. c. I'm crazy about English

advanced sentences
? a. Although the couple work hard, they are still poor. ? b. Although the couple work hard, they remain poor. ? c. Hard as the couple work, they still can't make ends meet.

返回

Have a try 1. To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.(使用名词性从句) What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things.

2. Though I’m weak, I’ll make the effort. (使用倒装句) Weak as I am, I’ll make the effort.

3. He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper.(使用强调句型)
It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened. 4. I passed the physics exam because of your help.(用虚拟语气)

I couldn’t have passed the physics exam but for your help.

5. She walked out of the lab and many students followed her. (使用过去分词) Followed by many students, she walked out of the lab. 6. They sang and laughed as they went back to school.( 使用V-ing形式) Singing and laughing, they went back to school. 7.I won’t believe what he says. (使用状 语从句) No matter what he says, I won’t believe.

8.If you study hard, you will make rapid progress. (用并列句) Study hard and you’ll make rapid progress. 9.He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. (使用 倒装句) No sooner had he come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad.

书面表达:例 1

Ladies and gentlemen,

Ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to our village! ① This village is very small. It has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. ② It has changed a lot since 1978 ③. People here ④ are richer than before. Now it is taking on a new look.

Welcome to our village ! ① This village is a small one with/which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people.
It used to be very poor. ② However, it has changed a lot since 1978 ③

and has been developing very fast.

People here ④ live a much better life than before .

Now it is taking on a new look.

In the past, the school here was very small ⑤. ⑥ Now it has been rebuilt. ⑦ The newly built teaching building has 4 stories ⑧. It is the most beautiful building in the village. All the school-age children can study here. ⑨ They enjoy free education in it. ⑩ Thank you.

In the past, the school here was very small ⑤ and most children couldn’t afford to go to school. ⑥ But now it has been rebuilt ⑦ and the newly built teaching building ⑧ which has 4 stories the most beautiful one in the village. All the school-age children can study here. ⑨ What’s more, they enjoy free education. ⑩ May you enjoy your stay here / May you have a pleasant time here! Thank you.

书面表达 六 步 法

书面表达六步法
审 抄
书面 表达

抓 扩 连
幻灯片 43



书面表达六步法
一、审题 认真读题然后找出
基本要素:5W1H
何时何地何人为 何如何做了何事

书面表达六步法
二、抓要点
确定主要行为,配动词,注 意时态、语态及搭配的副词、 介词等

What happened?

书面表达六步法
三、扩展成句
形成基本语义单位,把要 点变成完整的句子,注意 连词 Who did what?

书面表达六步法
四、连句成文
词与词搭配 句与句相连

时间 空间 细节 连贯 呼应

书面表达六步法
五、查错改错
主谓一致吗?时态正确吗?语 态正确吗?有“半截话”吗?

要尽量剔除错误

书面表达六步法

六、誊写
卷面整洁不一定加分, 卷面潦草一定要扣分!

课堂练习

请用六步法 写一篇短文

第一步 审题
认真读题然后找出

五个 “W”一个 “H”
把答案写在题中相应的位置

NMET2000书面表达
? 假设你是李华,在美国探亲。2000年2月8 日清晨,你目击了一起交通事故。警察局 让你写一份材料,报告当时所见情况。根 据下列图画写出报告。 1、目击者应该准确报告事实; 2、词数100左右; 3、结尾已为你写好。 ? _____________________________________ ____ About two minutes later I stopped a passing car and took the old man to the nearest hospital.

1

2

3

4

At 7:15 on the morning of February 8, 2000, I saw a woman driving a car hit the man in the street.

第二步 抓要点
一幅图,一要点 抓要点,配动词

时态直达 语态到位 介/副词紧随

第三步 扩展成句

把要点变成完整 的句子。 注意使用介/副词

第四步 连句成文
词与词搭配 句与句相连 增加细节 呼应首尾

第五步 查错改错
主谓一致吗? 时态正确吗?
时态正确吗?
有“半截话”吗?

第六步 誊写
卷面整洁不一定加分, 卷面潦草一定要扣分!

作业选评

要改进吗? 为什么?

①At 7:15 a.m. on the morning of Feb. 8th, 2000, I was heading east on the south side of the Park Road, taking my morning walk as usual. ②I saw an old man on the other side of the road outside the gate of the City Park.

③He was just crossing the street when a car on the 3rd Street made a sudden right turn at the crossing.

④The car was so fast that the old man even didn’t have time to dodge and the car hit the elderly hard.

⑤I thought the driver would have stopped to help, but she didn't. ⑥Instead, she just drove off, leaving the old man still lying on the ground in pain.

⑦Fortunately, I noted down the details: it was a yellow car, the plate number of which was AC864, and the driver was a young lady. ⑧After that, I went over to check out the old man.

About two minutes later I stopped a passing car and took the old man to the nearest hospital. Li Hua

年轻妇女

颜色:黄

AC864

看图作文

Picture 1

stay up go over…
go to bed

get up wake up
nine o’clock

brush teeth

wash face
Picture 2

get dressed
wash oneself

rush into…

prepare
breakfast
get my schoolbag

go to school

Picture 3

ran out

get on my bike
as fast as… ride to school

Picture 4

get to… the school gate to my surprise find close realize Sunday

Some effective sentences of the possible version as examples.
I often stay up late.

I go over my lessons for the college entrance examinations.

I often stay up late to go over my lessons for the college entrance examinations.

Some effective sentences of the possible version as examples.

Last night I went to bed at 12 o’clock. Last night I didn’t go to bed until 12 o’clock.

Some effective sentences of the possible version as examples.

I woke up at 9 o’clock this morning. When I woke up this morning, it was already 9 o’clock.

Some effective sentences of the possible version as examples.

room I rushed into the living – room.

Mother was preparing breakfast in the living – room. room
I rushed into the living – room, where Mother was preparing breakfast.

Some effective sentences of the possible version as examples.
4 2 1 3

Mother couldn’t say anything.

I ran out.
I got my schoolbag. I got on my bike.

Before she could say anything, I got my schoolbag, ran out and got on my bike.

Some effective sentences of the possible version as examples.

I realized it was Sunday today .

It was then that I realized it was Sunday today.

Possible version: June 17, Sunday I often stay up late to go over my lessons for the college entrance examinations. Last night I didn’t go to bed until 12 o’clock. When I woke up this morning, it was already 9 o’clock. I got dressed and washed myself quickly. Then I rushed into the living – room, where Mother was preparing breakfast. Before she could say anything, I got my schoolbag, ran out and got on my bike. I rode as fast as I could. It seemed only a few minutes before I got to the school gate. To my surprise, it was closed. It was then that I realized it was Sunday today.

结 论
?审题,抓点 ?造句,成文 ?改错,誉写 ?背诵精彩范文

Write a short passage according to the following pictures .

认真阅读所给提示或图画,抓住所有细节,找出 每幅图画或每个句子的中心词。 为了配合国际动物周活动,一家英文杂志邀请各国 学生提供有关动物的故事。请根据下列六幅图画,用英 语为该杂志写一篇故事。

bark: vi. & n.
吠叫 注意: 1、故事必须包括 所有图画的内 容,可以适当 增加细节,使 故事连贯。 2、词数100左右。


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