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高考复习主语从句和表语从句复习导学案


主语从句复&表语从句复习导学案教师版 I. 五大句型已经学过了。仔细观察以下例句,找出名词可以充当的成分。 1. 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语 2. 主语+谓语(不及物动词) 3. 主语+系动词+表语 4. 主语+谓语+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(物) 5. 主语+谓语+ 宾语 + 宾语补足语 Walls have ears. The flowers are bloomin

g. Miss Jones is a secretary. The mother will buy the girl a dress. The father, John, considers the child a genius.

通过对五大句型的分析得出:名词可以用来充当主语,宾语,表语和同位语。 同样的道理,可以把句子中的名词换成一 个小句子。请同学们分析以下句子划线部分充当的成分。 1)Whether a new airport will be built hasn’t been decided. 3)That the player got the first place made us excited. 5)What I think about is whether I should help him. 2)Our difficulty is where we can find a ladder. 4)He pretended that he was innocent. 6)I was amazed at the news that he failed in the exam.

7) It worries all the parents most that their children often chat on the Internet. 8) It was a matter of who should get the amount of money. 9) We don't’ doubt that he can do a good job of it. 请找出下列句子中的从句并辨别种类: 1) It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not. 2) The last time we had great fun was when we were visiting the Water Park. 3) Is there any possibility that you could pick me up at the airport? 4) She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do what it takes to save her life. 5) What parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. 6) Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea where the party is to be held? 7) I live in what you call the ancient Greece 8) The companies are working together to create what they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. 9) Please let me know whether you want to go. 10) It depends on whether we have enough time. 主语从句: 1. 找出以下主语从句并观察其引导词。 1) What is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. 2) What matters most in learning English is enough practice. 3) Whoever breaks the law should be punished 4) Which kind of food is the best is still not certain. 5) Who will be in charge of the factory is unknown to us. 6).When they will have a new restaurant opened has not been decided yet. 7) How did she survive in the lonely island was a mystery. 9) That he filed in the exam surprised all of his classmates. 10). Whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved. 11). Whatever was said here must be kept secret. 12) Where the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 2.主语从句通常由连接词 that,whether,和连接代词 what,who,which,whatever,whoever,whom, whose 以及连接 副词 how,when,where,why 等词引导引导。其中 that 在句中无词义,只起连接作用;连接代词和连接副词在句中既 保留自己的疑问含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分 3. 有时为避免句子头重脚轻,常用形式主语 it 代替主语从句作形式主语放于句首,而把主语从句置于句末。主语从句 后的谓语动词一般用单数形式。常用句型如下:
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10) We have no doubt that he can do a good job of it.

名词性从句包括______从句;______从句;______从句与________从句四大类

8) Why there is gravity is hard to understand

①It is/was +adj. + that 从句 ②It is/was +a pity (a fact, a shame, an honor, a wonder, no wonder)+that 从句 ③It is said (reported, announced, thought, believed, decided, expected 等)+that ④It is suggested (advised, ordered, requested, insisted, required 等)+that 从句 ⑤It seems (appear, happen, matter 等)+that 从句 在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等语气时,谓语动词要用虚拟语气“(should) +do” It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that … It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.) that… It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that— It is suggested that we try again. _______ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. _______ you have done might do harm to other people. ______ caused the accident is still a complete mystery. 表语从句 1. 找出下列表语从句 1).The fact is that he doesn’t really try. 3). The question is whether the film is worth seeing. 5). That’ s where I first met her. 7). That’s where I disagreed. 2). My suggestion is that we should tell him the news. 4). The problem is who we can get to replace her. 6) That’s why he didn’t come. 8) Fame and personal gain is what they’re after. A. If A. That A. What B. Whether B. What B. It B. That C. That C. Which C. What C. How D. Where D. This D. That D. Where

______ has been announced that we shall have our final exam next month. A. As

9) Now it was as though she had known Millie for years. 9). If I’m a bit sleepy, it’s because I was up all night. 10) That’s why he didn’t come. 2.引导表语从句的连接词与引导主语从句的连接词大致一样,通常由从属连词 that,whether,和连接代词 what,who, which,whatever,whoever 以及连接副词 how,when,where,why 等词引导。注意:表语从句位于连系动词后,有时 用 as if,.as though 及其 because 引导。 【观察 1】 The reason why he was late was that he missed the train by one minute this morning. He was late this morning. That was because he missed the train by one minute this morning. 归纳:当主语是 reason 时,表语从句要用 that 引导而不是 because。 【观察 2】 His proposal is that we (should) put on a play at the English evening. 归纳:表示意愿,要求,命令,建议等名词(advice, suggestion, order, request, requirement,proposal)后的表语从句中,谓 语动词常用 should +动词原形,should 可以省略。 【观察 3】 1) It seems(that)he was late for the train. 3) It appears to her that he wants to teach us all he has. 5) It sounds as if someone is knocking at the door. 归纳:be, appear,seem,look 等之后可以跟表语从句。 名词性从句应该注意的问题: 1. 语序问题: 《我是谁》who am I? 《你是谁》who are you? 《忘了我是谁》forget who I am 《忘了你是谁》forget who you are
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2) It seems to me that we should answer for this. 4) He looks as if he's tired.

1) Can you tell me _________________ then? A. what were you thinking of B. what you were thinking of 2) Can you tell me _______________________? A. what is the matter with you B. what the matter is with you 1. The photographs will show you _________. A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 2. You can hardly imagine _________ when he heard the news. A. how he was excited B. how was he excited C. how excited he was D. he was how excited 3. He asked ____for a violin. A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 总结归纳: 名词性从句一律使用_________ 语序, 从句的引导词必须始终置于_________ 2. that 和 what 引导名词性从句中的区别 1) _________ he was able to come made us happy. 3) The truth is ________ I didn’t go there. 5) It doesn’t matter ________ he said. 2) _________ I had for breakfast today was rice with egg 4) This is _________ she wanted to show us. 6) ________ she is a rich woman is known to us.

7) He told me that he would come and ________ he would come on time. 8) _____ caused the accident is still a complete mystery. 11) He is not _______ he used to be. 总结归纳: What: 起连接作用,在名词性从句中充当___________________。 That: 只起连接作用,在名词性从句中_______ tips: that 三不 what 一不 二有 3. whether 与 if 的用法比较 1).Some researchers believe that there is no doubt _____ a cure for AIDS will be found. 2). We doubt _____ he will defeat the others. 3).The problem is _____ we have enough time. 4).It doesn’t matter ___ you come or not 5).______ we can go camping depends on_____ the sky is going to clear up. 5) I want to know ______ you can finish the task on time. 总结归纳: 1). whether 和 if 在宾语从句中可以互换,但是作介词宾语时连接词一般用__________。2). 后面直接跟 or not 时用 __________; 3). 主语从句、 表语从句和同位语从句只能用________; ________可与动词不定式连用, 4). 但______不能。 tips:whether 和 if 同时出现,选 whether 高考真题 【2013 北京】31. makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer. A. That B. What C. Who D. Which 【2013 北京】33. Experts believe people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary. A. why B. where C. that D. what 【2013 湖南】28. Do not let any failures discourage you, for you can never tell ________ close you may be to victory. A. how B. that C. which D. where 【2013 江西】30. _______ one of you breaks the window will have to pay for it. A. Whoever B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Wherever 【2013 山东】30. It’s good to know _____ the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away. A. what B. whose C. which D. that 【2013 陕西】20. It remains to be seen the newly formed committee’s policy can be put into practice. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 【2013 四川】6. ______ you said at the meeting describes a bright future for the company. A. When B. How C. What D. That
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10) ________ he is interested in

【2013 天津】15. I want to tell you is the deep love and respect I have for my parents. A. That B. Which C. Whether D. What 【2013 新课标 I 卷】26. Police have found appears to be the lost ancient statue. A. which B. where C. how D. what 【2013 浙江】16.The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief ______ you are better than anyone else on the sports field. A. how B. that C. which D. whether 【2013 重庆】28. struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son. A. That B. It C. What D. Which 【2013 安徽】21.From space, the earth looks blue. This is about seventy-one percent of its surface is covered by water. A. why B. how C. because D. whether (2012 全国卷 I)24. It is by no means clear _______ the president can do to end the strike. A. how B. which C. that D. what (2012 北京卷)24. Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ______ he could have expressed it differently. A. why B. how C. that D. whether (2012 上海卷)34. There is much truth in the idea _ kindness is usually served by frankness. A. why B. which C. that D. whether (2012 上海卷)38. — We've only got this small bookcase. Will that do? — No, I am looking for is something much bigger and stronger. A. who B. that C. what D. which (2012 天津卷)9. It doesn’t matter _________you turn right or left at the crossing —both roads lead to the park. A. whether B. how C. if D. when (2012 江苏卷) 27. The notice came around two in the afternoon ________ the meeting would be postponed. A. when B. that C. whether D. how (2012 安徽卷)27. The limits of a person’s intelligence, generally speaking, are fixed at birth, but ________ he reaches these limits will depend on his environment. A. where B. whether C. that D. why (2012 湖南卷)26. Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn’t matter ____ you have lived there for a short or a long time. A. why B. how C. whether D. when (2012 福建卷)35.We promise _____attends the party a chance to have a photo taken with the movie star. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever (2012 陕西卷)20. As many five courses are provided, and you are free to choose ______ suits you best. A whatever B. whichever C. whenever D. wherever (2012 山东卷)21. When you are done with the book, just give it to Lucy or Helen or __________. A. whoever B. wherever C. whatever D. however (2012 山东卷)25. It doesn’t matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store. A. how B. whether C. what D. why (2012 重庆卷)34. Evidence has been found through years of study ________ children’s early sleeping problem likely to continue when they grow up. A. why B. how C. whether D. that (2012 四川卷)17. Scientists study ________ human brains work to make computers. A. when B. how C. that D. whether (2012 江西卷)25.It suddenly occurred to him he had left his keys in the office. A.whether B.where C.which D.that (2012 浙江卷)4.I made a promise to myself______ this year, my first year in high school, would be different. A. whether B. what C. that D. how (2012 辽宁卷)34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and searched for he could find about Mark Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever
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主语从句复&表语从句复习导学案学生版 I. 五大句型已经学过了。仔细观察以下例句,找出名词可以充当的成分。 1. 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语 2. 主语+谓语(不及物动词) 3. 主语+系动词+表语 4. 主语+谓语+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(物) 5. 主语+谓语+ 宾语 + 宾语补足语 Walls have ears. The flowers are blooming. Miss Jones is a secretary. The mother will buy the girl a dress. The father, John, considers the child a genius.

通过对五大句型的分析得出:名词可以用来充当主语,宾语,表语和同位语。 同样的道理,可以把句子中的名词换成一 个小句子。请同学们分析以下句子划线部分充当的成分。 1)Whether a new airport will be built hasn’t been decided. 3)That the player got the first place made us excited. 5)What I think about is whether I should help him. 2)Our difficulty is where we can find a ladder. 4)He pretended that he was innocent. 6)I was amazed at the news that he failed in the exam.

7) It worries all the parents most that their children often chat on the Internet. 8) It was a matter of who should get the amount of money. 9) We don't’ doubt that he can do a good job of it. 请找出下列句子中的从句并辨别种类: 1) It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not. 2) The last time we had great fun was when we were visiting the Water Park. 3) Is there any possibility that you could pick me up at the airport? 4) She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do what it takes to save her life. 5) What parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. 6) Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea where the party is to be held? 7) I live in what you call the ancient Greece 8) The companies are working together to create what they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. 9) Please let me know whether you want to go. 10) It depends on whether we have enough time. 主语从句: 1. 找出以下主语从句并观察其引导词。 1) What is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. 2) What matters most in learning English is enough practice. 3) Whoever breaks the law should be punished 4) Which kind of food is the best is still not certain. 5) Who will be in charge of the factory is unknown to us. 6).When they will have a new restaurant opened has not been decided yet. 7) How did she survive in the lonely island was a mystery. 9) That he failed in the exam surprised all of his classmates. 10). Whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved. 11). Whatever was said here must be kept secret. 12) Where the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 2.主语从句通常由连接词______________ 和连接代词_______________________________________________以及连接 副词__________________ 等词引导引导。其中_____________在句中无词义,只起连接作用;连接代词和连接副词在 句中既保留自己的疑问含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分 3. 有时为避免句子头重脚轻,常用形式主语 it 代替主语从句作形式主语放于句首,而把主语从句置于句末。主语从句 后的谓语动词一般用单数形式。常用句型如下:
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10) We have no doubt that he can do a good job of it.

名词性从句包括______从句;______从句;______从句与________从句四大类

8) Why there is gravity is hard to understand

①It is/was +adj. + that 从句 ②It is/was +a pity (a fact, a shame, an honor, a wonder, no wonder)+that 从句 ③It is said (reported, announced, thought, believed, decided, expected 等)+that ④It is suggested (advised, ordered, requested, insisted, required 等)+that 从句 ⑤It seems (appear, happen, matter 等)+that 从句 4. 在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等语气时,谓语动词要用虚拟语气“(should) +do” It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that … It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.) that… It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that— It is suggested that we try again. _______ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. _______ you have done might do harm to other people. ______ caused the accident is still a complete mystery. 表语从句 1. 找出下列表语从句 1).The fact is that he doesn’t really try. 3). The question is whether the film is worth seeing. 5). That’ s where I first met her. 7). That’s where I disagreed. 2). My suggestion is that we should tell him the news. 4). The problem is who we can get to replace her. 6) That’s why he didn’t come. 8) Fame and personal gain is what they’re after. A. If A. That A. What B. Whether B. What B. It B. That C. That C. Which C. What C. How D. Where D. This D. That D. Where

______ has been announced that we shall have our final exam next month. A. As

9) Now it was as though she had known Millie for years. 9). If I’m a bit sleepy, it’s because I was up all night. 10) That’s why he didn’t come. 2.引导表语从句的连接词与引导主语从句的连接词大致一样,通常由从属连词 that,whether,和连接代词 what,who, which,whatever,whoever 以及连接副词 how,when,where,why 等词引导。注意:表语从句位于连系动词后,有时 用__________________ ___________引导。 【观察 1】 The reason why he was late was that he missed the train by one minute this morning. He was late this morning. That was because he missed the train by one minute this morning. 归纳: 【观察 2】 His proposal is that we (should) put on a play at the English evening. 归纳: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________. 1) It appears to her that he wants to teach us all he has. 3) It sounds as if someone is knocking at the door. 归纳:__________________________________ 等之后可以跟表语从句。 名词性从句应该注意的问题: 1. 语序问题: 《我是谁》________________ 《忘了我是谁》__________________ 《你是谁》________________ 《忘了你是谁》________________
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2) He looks as if he's tired.

1) Can you tell me _________________ then? A. what were you thinking of B. what you were thinking of 2) Can you tell me _______________________? A. what is the matter with you B. what the matter is with you 1. The photographs will show you _________. A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 2. You can hardly imagine _________ when he heard the news. A. how he was excited B. how was he excited C. how excited he was D. he was how excited 3. He asked ____for a violin. A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 总结归纳: 名词性从句一律使用_________ 语序, 从句的引导词必须始终置于_________ 2. that 和 what 引导名词性从句中的区别 1) _________ he was able to come made us happy. 3) The truth is ________ I didn’t go there. 5) It doesn’t matter ________ he said. 2) _________ I had for breakfast today was rice with egg 4) This is _________ she wanted to show us. 6) ________ she is a rich woman is known to us.

7) He told me that he would come and ________ he would come on time. 8) _____ caused the accident is still a complete mystery. 11) He is not _______ he used to be. 总结归纳: What: 起连接作用,在名词性从句中充当___________________。 That: 只起连接作用,在名词性从句中_______ 3. whether 与 if 的用法比较 1).Some researchers believe that there is no doubt _____ a cure for AIDS will be found. 2). We doubt _____ he will defeat the others. 3).The problem is _____ we have enough time. 4).It doesn’t matter ___ you come or not 5).______ we can go camping depends on_____ the sky is going to clear up. 5) I want to know ______ you can finish the task on time. 总结归纳: 1). whether 和 if 在宾语从句中可以互换,但是作介词宾语时连接词一般用__________。2). 后面直接跟 or not 时用 __________; 3). 主语从句、 表语从句和同位语从句只能用________; ________可与动词不定式连用, 4). 但______不能。 高考真题 【2013 北京】31. makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer. A. That B. What C. Who D. Which 【2013 北京】33. Experts believe people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary. A. why B. where C. that D. what 【2013 湖南】28. Do not let any failures discourage you, for you can never tell ________ close you may be to victory. A. how B. that C. which D. where 【2013 江西】30. _______ one of you breaks the window will have to pay for it. A. Whoever B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Wherever 【2013 山东】30. It’s good to know _____ the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away. A. what B. whose C. which D. that 【2013 陕西】20. It remains to be seen the newly formed committee’s policy can be put into practice. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 【2013 四川】6. ______ you said at the meeting describes a bright future for the company. A. When B. How C. What D. That 10) ________ he is interested in

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【2013 天津】15. I want to tell you is the deep love and respect I have for my parents. A. That B. Which C. Whether D. What 【2013 新课标 I 卷】26. Police have found appears to be the lost ancient statue. A. which B. where C. how D. what 【2013 浙江】16.The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief ______ you are better than anyone else on the sports field. A. how B. that C. which D. whether 【2013 重庆】28. struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son. A. That B. It C. What D. Which 【2013 安徽】21.From space, the earth looks blue. This is about seventy-one percent of its surface is covered by water. A. why B. how C. because D. whether (2012 全国卷 I)24. It is by no means clear _______ the president can do to end the strike. A. how B. which C. that D. what (2012 北京卷)24. Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ______ he could have expressed it differently. A. why B. how C. that D. whether (2012 上海卷)34. There is much truth in the idea _ kindness is usually served by frankness. A. why B. which C. that D. whether (2012 上海卷)38. — We've only got this small bookcase. Will that do? — No, I am looking for is something much bigger and stronger. A. who B. that C. what D. which (2012 天津卷)9. It doesn’t matter _________you turn right or left at the crossing —both roads lead to the park. A. whether B. how C. if D. when (2012 江苏卷) 27. The notice came around two in the afternoon ________ the meeting would be postponed. A. when B. that C. whether D. how (2012 安徽卷)27. The limits of a person’s intelligence, generally speaking, are fixed at birth, but ________ he reaches these limits will depend on his environment. A. where B. whether C. that D. why (2012 湖南卷)26. Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn’t matter ____ you have lived there for a short or a long time. A. why B. how C. whether D. when (2012 福建卷)35.We promise _____attends the party a chance to have a photo taken with the movie star. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever (2012 陕西卷)20. As many five courses are provided, and you are free to choose ______ suits you best. A whatever B. whichever C. whenever D. wherever (2012 山东卷)21. When you are done with the book, just give it to Lucy or Helen or __________. A. whoever B. wherever C. whatever D. however (2012 山东卷)25. It doesn’t matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store. A. how B. whether C. what D. why (2012 重庆卷)34. Evidence has been found through years of study ________ children’s early sleeping problem is likely to continue when they grow up. A. why B. how C. whether D. that (2012 四川卷)17. Scientists study ________ human brains work to make computers. A. when B. how C. that D. whether (2012 江西卷)25.It suddenly occurred to him he had left his keys in the office. A.whether B.where C.which D.that (2012 浙江卷)4.I made a promise to myself______ this year, my first year in high school, would be different. A. whether B. what C. that D. how (2012 辽宁卷)34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and searched for he could find about Mark Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever
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