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高三英语语法总复习


高三语法总复习:反意疑问句
反意疑问句又叫附加疑问句。它表示提问人寻求同意或没有把握,需要对方证实。它由两部分组 成:前一部分是一个陈述句,后一部分是一个简短的疑问句(be/ can?/ do, does, did, have, has, had+人称代词主格?),两部分的人称时态应保持一致。注意:反义疑问句 的否定形式一定 要用缩略形式.

Ⅰ.反

意问句考点分析
1、祈使句的反意问句; 2、I think +宾语从句的反意问句; 3、主从复合句的反意问句; 4、表示判断的情态动词构成的反意疑问句。

Ⅱ.反意疑问句的形式
1.肯定陈述句 , 否定疑问句? They work here, don’t they? She was ill yesterday, wasn’t she? 2.否定陈述句 ,肯定疑问句? He can’t ride a bike, can he ? You seldom argue with me, do you ?

Ⅲ。简单句中的反意疑问句.
一.陈述句部分含有否定词(not, no, never, no one /nobody, nothing, hardly/ scarcely, seldom, few, little)时, 反意疑问句部分用肯定结构。 1.You did nothing wrong,________ ? 2.The Swede made no answer, ______________? 3.Some plants never blow (开花), _________ ? 4.There are few apples in the basket, ____________? 5.He can hardly swim, ___________? 6.They seldom come late, _________? 7.She rarely speaks to you in English, ___________? 8.It is impossible for him to make such a mistake,_________ ? 二.陈述句部分是含有带有否定前缀或后缀的词时, 反意疑问句部分仍用否定结构。 (impossible , impolite, unhappy, unhealthy, unnecessary, useless, dislike, disappear) 三. 当陈述句的主语是指示代词 this, that 时, 反意疑问句的主语用 it 代替;是 these, those 时, 反意疑问句的主语用 they 代替。主语是名词时,反意疑问句的主语必须用人称代词来代替。 1)That isn’t a useful book,________ ? 2)These are important reading materials, _______? 3)Your brother has gone to the library,_________? 四. 当陈述句部分是 everyone/everybody, someone/somebody, no one/nobody, none 等不定代 词时, 反意疑问句部分的主语多用 they, 但也可用 he;是 everything, anything, something, nothing 等不定代词时, 反意疑问句部分的主语用 it. 1.Nobody came just now,________ ? 2.Everyone knows the answer, ___________________? 3.Nobody will go, ____________? 4.Everything has gone wrong today,__________ ? 五. 当陈述句部分主语是动名词,不定式,主语从句时反意疑问句部分的主语用 it. 1.What he has done is helpful to us, ________ ? 2.Looking good is important to women, _________? 3.To help others is a good behavior, ___________?
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六. 当陈述句部分是 I am?时, 反意疑问句部分通常要用 aren’t I; I’m late for the meeting,_______? I’m not doing well,_____? 七.当句子以 I wish? 开头时, 反意疑问句用 may I ? I wish to achieve high grades this term, _________? 八. 当陈述句部分是“there be+主语+其它” 结构时, 反意疑问部分要用 be (not) + there 结构。 1..There is something wrong with your watch,___________? 2..There will not be any trouble, ___________? 3.There were many people in the room then, _____________? 九.感叹句的反意疑问句一律使用否定式, 并用 be 的一般现在时形式。疑问部分用 isn’t/aren’t +主语。 1.What colours are they,__________? 2.What a smell is it,________? 3.How hard he works,____________? 十. 当谓语动词是 used to 时,反意疑问句用 used/ did 构成。 She used to suffer from liver failure, __________________ ? 十一。当谓语动词含有 must(表推测“一定,准是”)时,要根据其后动词的时态来确定反意疑问 句。是动词原形则是一般现在时,是 have done 则是现在完成时,是 have done 且有过去的时间, 则是过去时. 1.Your mother must be an actress,_________? 2.He must know the answer, __________? 3.The thief must have entered through the back door, ___________? 4.You must have seen the film last week, _________? 十二. 当陈述句部分含有“had better/ ought to /would rather+动原”时, 疑问部分用“hadn’ t+主语/ oughtn’t (shouldn’t) / wouldn’t+主语” 。 1. You’d better go to school now,__________ ? 2. He ought to know what to do, ______________________? 3.He would rather read it ten times than recite it, ________________? 十三.陈述部分有 have 表示“拥有”的意思时用 do/have 的形式,否者用 do 形式。 have /had to + v,疑问部分常用 don't +主语(didn't +主语) 。 1)Mary has two books, _________? 2)They all had a good tome ,____________? 3)We have to get there at eight tomorrow, _________? 4)They had to cross the busy street, ___________? have a good time, have a meeting, have a rest, have a walk , have a fever , have a good laugh about/over, have something to do with ,have fun 十四. 当陈述句部分是祈使句时, ①省去主语的祈使句的反意疑问句,疑问部分用 will you。 ②带称谓的祈使句,反意部分用 will you . ③Let's 开头的祈使句,后用 shall we? Let us 开头的祈使句,后用 will you? 1.Open the door, _______________ ? 2.Don’t open the door ,_________ ? 3.-Alice, you feed the bird,_______? -But I fed it yesterday. A. do you B. will you C. didn’t you D. don’t you 4.Let ‘s go shopping ,__________? 5.Let us go shopping , __________?
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Ⅳ。主从复合句结构中反意疑问句的运用。
一. 陈述句部分是主从复合句时, 反意疑问句部分的代词和助动词应与主句中的主语和动词保 持一致。 1.You don’t know that the teacher is from Japan,__________ ? 2.She is a professor who is learned and warm-hearted,__________ ? 二. 在 “I/we think (believe, suppose, imagine, expect 等)+宾语从句”结构中,反意疑问 句部分应与宾语从句的主谓保持一致, 如出现否定转移,反意句用肯定形式。若主句不是第一人 称,则和主句一致。 1.I think you have heard of him before, _________? 2.I don’t think you have heard of him before,___________? 3.Mary thinks you will come to the party, _______________? 4.Tom doesn’t believe it is true,_______________? 三.反意疑问句的回答. 对反意疑问句的回答, 无论问题的提法如何, 如果事实是肯定的, 就用 yes, 事实是否定的, 就 要用 no。 1.一 He likes playing football, doesn’t he? 一 Yes, he does. /No, he doesn’t. 2.一 His sister didn’t attend the meeting, did she? 一 Yes, she did. /No, she didn’t. 不,她参加了。/ 是的,她没参加. 1.-He didn’t consider following our suggestions, did he? -__________. He made a decision on his own. A . Yes ,he did. B . No , he didn’t. C . Yes , he didn’t. D. No , he did. 2.-The medicine seldom works, does it? -_________. I won’t buy it any more. A . Yes, it doesn’t. B . No , it does. C . No , it doesn’t. D. Yes , it does. 3.-She didn’t come to school yesterday, did she? -________, though she was not feeling well. A. No, she didn’t B. yes, she didn’t C. No, she did D. yes, she did 综合练习. (1) I'm as tall as your sister,________ ? (2) I wish to have a word with you, _______? (3) He must be a doctor, __________? (4) He must have finished it yesterday, _______? (5) He used to take pictures there, ___________? (6) Don't do that again,______? (8) Everything is ready, ________? (9) Everyone knows the answer, ________? 10)Lucy, you clean the blackboard today, _______ ? 11)His sister had a bad cough, _________she? 12)Few of them hurt themselves in the accident last night, ___________ ? 14)I don’t think that the necklace is made of diamond, __________? 15)His wife had the carpets and the curtains cleaned, ____________? 16)Learning how to repair motors takes a long time, _____________? 17)She is unfit for the position, _____________? 18)Mother used to live in a poor village, ____________? 19)Everything begins to grow in spring, ?
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20)There is some water in that bottle, ___________? 1. I don’t think you are right, ____ ? A. do I B. aren’t you C. are you D. am I 2. Don’t smoke in the meeting room, _____? A. do you B. will you C. can you D. won’t you 3. Be sure to write to us, _____? A. will you B. aren’t you C. can you D. mustn’t you 4. ---- He hardly has anything nowadays, ____? ---- No, I don’t think so. A. has he B. doesn’t he C. does he D. hasn’t he 5. You have John do the job, _____? A. do you B. don’t you C. haven’t you D. have you 6. They believe that the professor cares very for money, _____? A. do they B. don’t they C. does he D. doesn’t he

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