归纳总结：篇章结构连贯是三大评分条 款之一，因此，我们在写作时，除按逻 辑组合信息点外，还必须学会灵活运用 连接性词语。除连接并列句的连接词和 引导主从复合句的连接词之外，特别推 荐使用以下连词性词语：
类别 表起 始 表递 进 表并 列 表因 果 表强 调 表解 释
first of al
l, according to, in my opinion, as far as I am concerned, as far as I know, as for me等 besides, what’s more, what’s worse, further more, in addition to等
also, as well (as), or, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, both…and等 therefore, thanks to, as a result (of), because of, due to, owing to等 above all, indeed, surely, certainly, of course, at least, obviously等 that is to say, in other words, believe it or not, to tell you the truth等
表 比 较 表 空 间
just as, just like, in the same way, similarly, instead等
on the left/right, to the left/right of, on one side of…on the other side of…, at the foot/top/end of, in the middle/centre of等
表 时 间
at first, in the beginning, next, then, later, then, about two months later, after a while, soon, soon after that, after that, afterwards, since then, meanwhile, in the end, at last, finally, for the first time, up to now, before long, from then on, sooner or later等
表转 however, on the other hand, on the 折或 contrary, in spite of, after all, in 对比 fact, as a mater of fact等 表列举 for one thing…and for another (thing); first(ly), second(ly), third(ly), finally/ last but not least ( 最后但同等重要的)等 表举例 for example/instance, take…for example, such as, as follows, and so on等 表总结 in short, in a word, in conclusion, in brief, generally speaking, to sum up, all in all等
灵活运用：请在方框中选择恰当 的词语填空,完成下列短文,使其篇章 连贯,通顺自然。然后将这些短文熟 读背诵。
(1) besides, but, as a result
Li Ming used to be a healthy boy, ［1］ _______ over a year ago, he got into the but habit of eating a lot of junk food and snacks. ［2］________, he spent a lot of Besides time lying on the sofa, watching TV, and As a result did little exercise. ［3］__________, he put on so much weight that he found it difficult to climb the stairs.
later, then, after that
I bought a mobile phone on 20th Apr.2008. Ten days ［1］________, it after that didn’t ring and send short messages. ［2］ Then ______ I took it to the seller, but was told that the model had been sold out and I had to wait at least three months for a Later new one. ［3］_______ I went to the repairman.
however, because, while
Last week, we did a survey among 2,600 students on “Who Is Your Idol”. The survey shows that half of the girls choose film and TV stars as their idols, while ________ 48% of the boys favor sports stars. As the data shows, “parents” ranks the second for the girls, but the fourth for the boys. ________, the percentage of the boys choosing “great figures” is However the same as that of the girls. As for me, Thomas Edison is my idol ________ his inventions have because greatly changed our life.
(4) What’s more, in addition, such as, for example, after
I will go to college in the near future. ______ I enter college, I plan to set After new goals in my study and improve my way of learning. ____________, as I What’s more am away from my parents, it is necessary for me to learn to live on my own, ［3］_______ doing some washing such as and cleaning by myself.
In my spare time, I will take part in different kinds of school activities, ［4］ _____________, I will often go to the for example English Corner to practice my spoken English. ［5］__________, I need to get In addition along well with my classmates and teaches at college. I think I will have a wonderful college life.
(5) because, while, rather than, firstly, secondly, last but not least
More and more people rely on e-mail and mobile phones for communication ［1］___________ letters and public rather than phones ［2］_________ the new tools because seem faster and make work more efficient.
However this change has bad as well as good effects, especially dependence on the Internet. ［3］______, as we lack Firstly enough practice, we are losing the beauty of hand-written Chinese words which express the writer better ［4］_____ while machine words all have the same looks. Secondly ［5］________, our spelling becomes worse if we rely on the machine too much. ［6］_______________, the PC screen Last but not least
(6) after class, but, for example, instead of, in a word, in the past
You want to know what is going on in our school. In short, things have been improving since the school began to carry In the past out exploring study. ［1］___________ , the teachers always kept on explaining the points in class. We students just listened and took notes.
［2］_______ we often discuss and try But now to solve the problems raised by the After class teachers or ourselves. ［3］__________, we enjoyed different kinds of activities instead of ［4］___________ doing endless homework. ［5］___________, we can For example read what we are interested in. We can go to the library or surf the Internet for various information. ［6］__________, we are now In a word masters of study, and we are happy.
as everyone knows, who, neither nor, also, such as
Beijing, the capital of China, is one of the largest cities in the world. Located in the north, it is very cold in winter. But autumn is the best season since it’s ___________ too cold too hot. neither nor
As everyone knows ［2］________________, there are lots such as of places of interest, ［3］________ the Summer Palace, the palace Museum, and the Great Wall. There is a wellknown Chinese saying, “He, ［4］ _______ has never been to the Great who Wall, is not a true man.” Beijing is ［5］ also _____ famous for Beijing Opera.
(8) and, but, however, both and, what’s more, such as, in my opinion, while, for
The summer holiday is corning. Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday. Some are in favor of staying at home. They think it’s ［1］ ________ convenient comfortable. ［2］ both and What’s more ___________, they can save money for other purposes. But they will lose the chance of getting to know the outside world.
［3］_______, others prefer to go out for However traveling since it can increase their knowledge and broaden their horizons. ［4］____ they will spend more money But while and meet some difficulties ［5］_______ traveling. ［6］_____________, it would be much In my opinion for better to stay at home, ［7］____I can do what I like, ［8］______ reading books, such as watching TV, ［9］____ helping my and parents with the housework.
(9) compared with, more importantly, instead of, not only but also, besides, for, where, which With the development of the Internet, more and more people tend to send electronic cards instead of ［1］__________ paper ones at New Year’s time. ［2］_______________ the traditional Compared with cards, electronic cards are more interesting and lively, ［3］____ you can get ［4］ for not only but also _________________ pictures sound and even ambitions. ［5］________, it’s faster to send Besides an electronic card.
There are many web sites on line, ［6］ _______ different varieties of cards are where available. If none of these cards are of any interest to you, you can desire cards of unique style using FLASH or other software. ［7］________________, with the More importantly popularity of electronic cards, less paper is used for making paper cards, ［8］______ which contribute to the environment protection.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。