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高中英语教学基本词组及例句


上海市高中英语教学基本词组及参考例句(共 518 个词组)
(注:高中必须掌握的词组)

A (41 个)
1. a great drain on sth 对??巨大的消耗 The cost of his children's education is a great drain on his money. 他孩子的教育费用造成他极大的负担。 2. account for 说明,解释 How do you account for his change of attitude? 你怎样来解释他态度的变化? 3. accuse …of 指控??,谴责?? I don't think anyone can accuse him of not being frank. 我看谁也不能说他不坦率。 4. act as 担任;充当 We must appoint sb to act as secretary. 我们得指定一个人当秘书。 People who can see sometimes act just as foolishly. 有时候,眼睛看得见的人也做出同样的蠢事。 5. adapt (…) to… 使适应 You should adapt yourself to the new environment. 你应该适应新环境。 Young animals adapt quickly to a new environment. 幼小动物很快就适应新的环境。 6. add to 增添 This lesson adds to the value of the book. 这一课增加了这本书的价值。 7. add up to 合计达 For a hit show, profits can add up to millions of dollars. 一场热门演出的利润可达数百万美元。 8. adjust (…) to (使)适应 My eyes haven't adjusted to the dark yet. 我的眼睛还没有适应黑暗。 Some animals adjust themselves to their environment by instinct. 有些动物会本能地适应环境。 9. admit … to/into 准许??进入
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He opened the door and admitted me into the house. 他把门打开让我进屋。 This ticket will admit one adult to the show. 这张票将允许一个成年人入场。 10. agree on 就??取得一致 We couldn't agree on a date/when to meet. 关于日期[什么时候见面],我们未能取得一致意见。 11. agree to 同意某人观点、意见 I find it impossible to agree to your terms. 我无法接受你的条件。 12. agree with… 同意??的意见;适合 That shows she did not quite agree with me. 这表示她不同意我的意见。 London does not agree with me; I like Paris better. 伦敦对我不适宜, 我更喜欢巴黎。 13. ahead of time/schedule 提前 We managed to fulfill the task ahead of time. 我们总算提前完成了任务。 A great painter is usually ahead of his time. 伟大的画家总是走在时代的前头。 14. aim at 瞄准,争取 The factory must aim at increasing production [increased production]. 工厂必须致力于增加生产。 15. appeal to 呼吁;吸引 Does the idea of working abroad appeal to you? 你对去国外工作感兴趣吗? She appealed to a higher court. 她向上级法院上诉。 16. apply for 申请 They apply for permission to use the tennis court. 他们申请借用这个网球场。 17. apply … to… 把??应用于?? In this way they can better apply theory to practice. 这样他们就能更好地把理论运用到实践中去。 18. approve of 赞成
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I don't approve of your way of looking at things. 我不赞成你看事情的方法。 19. as a matter of fact 事实上 As a matter of fact, everything has developed as we wanted. 事实上,情况的发展和我们希望的完全一样。 20. as a result 作为结果;因此 As a result, he was given an excellent job. 结果他得到了一份好工作。 He was late as a result of the snow. 他因下雪而迟到。 21. as a whole 作为整体,就整体来看 We should analyze the problem as a whole. 我们应该把问题作为一个整体来分析。 22. as far as 就??而言,远到??,到??程度(表示程度,范围) Our campus comes up as far as the river. 我们的校园一直延伸到河边。 As far as I know, he will be away for three months. 据我所知, 他将离开三个月。 His parents supported him as far as they could. 他父母竭尽全力抚养他。 23. as usual 照常 Everything went on as usual as though nothing had happened. 一切照常进行,好像什么事也没有发生。 24. ask a favor of 请??帮个忙 There's just one last favor I need to ask of you. 还有最后一件事要你帮忙。 25. ask about 查问,打听 Can I ask about your attitude to intelligence test? 请问您对智力测验有什么看法? 26. ask after 问候 Don't forget to ask after your aunt when you see Tom this evening. 你今天晚上看见汤姆时,别忘记问候你的姑母。 27. associate A with B 把 A 和 B 联系起来 What do you associate with such a heavy snow? 对这样一场大雪你有什么联想?
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28. assure… of 向??保证 I can assure you of my determination to fulfil our task ahead of schedule. 我可以向你发誓决心提前完成任务。 29. at a loss 茫然不知所措 The man looked surprised and somewhat at a loss. 那人看起来非常吃惊,也有点手足无措。 She was at a loss what she should do. 她不知该怎么办好。 30. at all costs / at the cost of 不惜一切代价 We are determined to defend our motherland at all costs. 我们决心不惜任何代价保卫祖国。 The fox escaped from the trap at the cost of a leg. 狐狸虽逃出了陷阱,但却失去了一条腿。 31. at first sight 乍一看 John fell in love with her at first sight. 约翰对她一见钟情。 32. at one time 一度 At one time, they used to mine coal in these valleys. 从前他们在这些峡谷中采煤。 33. at present 现在,目前 We are deadly short of staff at present. 目前我们极缺职员。 34. at the cost of 以??为代价 The young policeman saved the child at the cost of his own life. 那位年轻的警察为了拯救这个小孩,而牺牲了自己的生命。 35. at the mercy of 任由??摆布 They were lost at the sea, at the mercy of the wind and weather. 他们在海上迷了路,任凭风和天气的摆布。 The barbecue was at the mercy of the weather. 烧烤活动搞不搞完全要视天气状况而定。 36. at the moment 此刻,目前;那时,当时 Our chief concern at the moment is the weather. 眼前我们最关心的事是天气。 37. at the risk of 冒着生命危险
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They were determined to get there even at the risk of their life. 即使要冒生命危险,他们也决心要到那里去。 38. at times 有时 Be yourself at all times. 随时随地都应表现出真实的自己。 We all make fool of ourselves at times. 有时,我们全都会干出傻事。 39. attach (…) to 把??依附于 All blame for the accident must attach to myself. 事故的一切责任应由本人承担。 Attach a stamp to the envelope and mail it. 把邮票贴在信封上寄出去。 40. attach importance to 重视 You should attach importance to what he said. 你必须重视他所说的话。 41. award sb. sth 授予某人某物 For his dedication, the Mayor awarded him a medal of merit. 为表彰他的奉献精神,市长授予他荣誉奖章。

B (82 个)
42. base … on … 把??放在??的基础上 We must base ourselves on the interests of the people. 我们一定要从人民的利益出发。 43. be absent from 缺席 You must not be absent from the meetings without cause. 你必须参加那些会议,不得无故缺席。 44. be absorbed in… 全神贯注于?? She sat on the ground absorbed in her studies. 她坐在地上专心学习。 45. be accustomed to doing 习惯于做 English people are accustomed to driving on the left. 英国人习惯于靠左边开车。 One grows to like what one is accustomed to. 人渐渐会喜欢所习惯的事物。 46. be anxious about 担忧 There is no reason to be anxious about the result.
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不必为这结果而担心。 Don't be too anxious about your rights and having favors repaid. 不必急于求回报。 47. be aware of 意识到的 Be aware of those who fish in troubled waters. 当心那些浑水摸鱼的人。 We should at all times be aware of our own shortcomings. 我们必须随时注意自己的缺点。 48. be capable of 有能力 Be ready to assemble at the first call and be capable of fighting and winning. 召之即来,来之能战,战之能胜。 49. be composed of… 由??组成 The board shall be composed of eight directors. 董事会由八名董事组成。 50. be concerned about 关心 He is more concerned about others than about himself. 他关心别人比关心自己还重。 51. be confident of 对??有信心 I have every reason to be confident of our victory. 我有充分的理由坚信胜利是属于我们的。 52. be considerate of sb. to do sth. 某人做某事考虑得周到 You may be more considerate of other people. 你该多为别人想想 53. be contrary to 与??相反 Contrary to our expectation, the examination turned out to be a piece of cake. 出乎我们预料的是这次考试容易极了 54. be curious about 对??好奇 I'm most curious about how they achieved their success. 我很想知道他们是如何获得成功的 55. be determined to do 决定做某事 Let us be determined to be free of problems that do not exist. 让我们下定决心,由那些根本就不存在的问题中脱身。 56. be down with 由于??病倒了

She is down with a fever today.

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她今天发烧了。

57. be engaged in 忙于做某事 His love to language causes him to be engaged in translation. 他对语言的热爱促使他从事翻译工作 58. be equal to 与??相等 Will she be equal to such a task? 她能胜任这样一项工作吗 59. be exposed to 曝光于,接触 Poor John was exposed to the wind and rain. 可怜的约翰处于风雨交加之中 60. be faced with sth. 面对?? Sometimes people are faced with unfortunate circumstances that can not be changed. 有时候,人们会面临无法改变的不幸 61. be familiar with 对??熟悉 Since you are familiar with the field, we know your views will be extremely interesting to us. 您对此领域很熟悉,您的见解定会给我们带来很大兴趣 62. be fed up with 对??厌烦 I am simply fed up with this kind of weather. 我简直对这种天气烦透了 63. be fit for 适合?? I ought to be fit for work at the end of the month. 到月底时,我应该可以工作了 64. be free from 没有??的 She had the good fortune to be free from illness all her life. 她真幸运,一生没有病痛 65. be grateful to sb. for sth. 因某事感激某人 I shall be grateful to you all my life. 我将一辈子感激你 66. be ignorant of 对某事一无所知 They appear to be ignorant of what is going on here. 他们对这里发生的事似乎一点也不知道 67. be in favor of 支持(赞成)?? You would be in favor of our proposal, wouldn't you?
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你赞成我们的提议, 是吗 68. be independent of 独立于 If you have a car you will be independent of train and buses. 你要是有辆汽车就不受火车和公车的支配了 69. be infected with 受感染 He hasn't yet been infected with the evils of society. 他还没沾染社会上的不良风气 70. be inferior to 较低于,与??相比不如 I consider this one to be inferior to that one. 我认为这个比那个要差 71. be involved in 卷入,参与 You will be well advised not to get involved in their quarrel. 您最好不要卷入他们的争吵 72. be located (in) 坐落(在) Shenzhen is located in south China bordering on Hongkong. 深圳位于华南,比邻香港。 73. be lost in thought 陷入沉思 My sister sat silent for some time, lost in thought. 我姐姐沉默地坐了一会儿,陷入沉思 74. be of good / poor quality 质量好/差 Coffee from Brazil is usually of good quality. 巴西的咖啡通常质量很好。 75. be on a diet 节食 She is on a diet and is losing weight. 她节制饮食,体重一直在下降。 76. be opposed to doing 强烈反对做某事 She seems very much opposed to your going abroad. 她好像很反对你出国。 77. be particular about 对??挑剔 You shouldn't be so particular about what you wear. 你不该对穿着这么讲究。 78. be popular with / among 受某人欢迎 Fifty years ago nobody could expect that computers would be popular with the family in
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China. 五十年前没人能预料到上海的家庭会普及电脑。 We are sure the toys will be popular among children and good for their intelligence. 我方相信,这些玩具会受到儿童的喜爱并对其智力开发大有益处。 79. be present at 出席,在场 It happened that he had to be present at an opening ceremony.. 恰好这天他须去参加一个开幕典礼。 80. be qualified for 可胜任?? In my estimation, the applicant should be well qualified for this job. 据我估计,这位应聘者完全具备这项工作的条件。 81. be related to 与??相关 A relative means a person to whom one is related. 亲戚的意思就是有血缘关系的人。 82. be resistant to… 对??有抵抗能力 Some species are highly resistant to living in new areas and are expected to die out. 有些物种对生活在新的地方极不适应,估计它们将逐渐灭绝。 83. be responsible for 对??负责任 Parents are supposed to be responsible to their children for their education. 父母应当对其子女的教育负有责任。 84. be satisfied with 对??感到满意 My impression is that they are satisfied with you performance. 我的印象是,他们对你的表现很满意。 85. be second to none 第一,不次于任何人 In mathematics, he is second to none in the class. 就数学来说,他是班里第一。 86. be short of 缺乏 The trouble is that we are short of hand. 困难是我们缺少人手。 87. be similar to 与??相似 His dress is very similar to mine in colour. 他衣服的颜色和我衣服的很相似。 88. be strict with 对??严格 Is it necessary for you to be so strict with his children? 你有必要那样严格地对待他的孩子们吗?
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89. be suitable for 适合?? There is no single plastic material which is suitable for all applications. 没有哪一种塑料材料是万能的。 90. be superior to 优于?? You must give up the idea that you are superior to them in every respect 你必须放弃认为自己在各方面都优于他们的想法。 91. be sure of 坚信;确信 It is said she is quite sure of success. 据说她很有成功的把握。 92. be worried about 为??担心 There's really no reason to be worried about what will happen tomorrow. 确实没有理由为明天的事情担心。 93. be / get used to 习惯于?? It takes time to get used to new shoes. 穿惯新鞋需要时间。 94. bear … in mind 把??牢记在心 The students were asked to bear in mind what teachers told in class. 要求学生记住老师在课堂上所讲的内容。 95. begin with 由??开始 We think it necessary to begin with the experiment. 我们认为先做这个实验是必要的。 96. behave oneself 行为检点、守规矩 You should educate your children to behave themselves. 你应该教育你的孩子们守规矩。 97. believe in 信仰;对??有信心 I believe in your ability to solve the problem. 我相信你有解决这问题的能力。 98. believe it or not 信不信由你 Believe it or not, it was a hug that changed my mind. 信不信由你,是一个拥抱改变了我的心情。 99. benefit from 得益于 Who will benefit from the old man's death? 那位老人死后,谁将是受益人?
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100. beyond / within one’s power 力所不及/ 力所能及 It is beyond my power to arrange the meeting. 安排这样的会议超出了我的能力。 101. beyond description 难以描述 The very sight of the super star pleased us beyond description. 单是看到那个超级巨星,我们就高兴得无法形容。 102. blame… for 因??责备某人 The driver is partially to blame for the accident. 司机对那次车祸应负部分责任。 103. break away from 脱离,逃跑 You must break away from such bad habits. 你必须革除这样的坏习惯。 104. break down 抛锚;倒塌;中止 Our car broke down and we had to draw it to a garage. 我们的车坏了, 不得不把它拖到修车厂去。 105. break out 爆发 The forecast that war would break out proved true. 战争会爆发的预测被证实了。 106. break the law 违法 We can not just sit by while these people break the law. 我们不能坐视这些人违犯法律。 107. break through 突破;突围 It was difficult at first to break through her quiet manner. 起初她很难克服那内向的性格。 108. bring… to an end 结束
Only those who know the underlying truth can bring this to an end. 只有那些知道背后真相的人可以结束这一切.

109. bring… to life 使??苏醒 It is said that the doctor is able to bring the dying back to life. 据说这位医生能起死回生。 110. bring about 引起 Science has brought about many changes in our lives. 科学为我们生活带来了很多变化。
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111. bring up 抚养 He gave much attention and thought to bring up his children. 他在教育孩子方面花了大量的心血。 112. build up 建立,树立 The goalkeeper is organizing to build up a wall. 守门员正在组织筑人墙。 113. bump into 撞上;碰见 When you walk in a crowded street you must look about you lest you bump into someone. 在拥挤的街道上行走时,必须四周看看,免得撞了别人。 114. burst into 突然发作;突然??起来 They were so moved that they burst into tears. 他们感动得哭了起来。 115. by accident 意外地;偶然 We met by accident at the railway station. 我们在火车站偶然相遇。 116. by all means 一定 The prices are variable, shop around by all means. 价格高低不一,所以一定要货比三家逐店选购。 117. by comparison 比较起来,相比之下 By comparison, trips by sea offer a great variety of civilized comforts. 相比较而言,海上旅行可提供各种文明的舒适条件。 118. by means of 用,依靠 We express our thoughts by means of words. 我们用话语来表达思想。 119. by mistake 弄错 He restored the umbrella he had taken by mistake. 他把拿错了的雨伞放回原处。 120. by no means 决不 By no means can theory be separated from practice. 理论决不能脱离实践。 121. by the dozen 以打计 We buy tea by the pound, cloth by the yard and eggs by the dozen. 我们买茶叶是以磅计,买布以码计,买蛋以打计。
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122. by this means 用这种方法 Only by this means can you make greater progress in your work. 只有这样你才能在工作中取得更大的进步。 123. by / in contrast 对比之下 His white hair was in sharp contrast to his dank skin. 他的白发同他的黑皮肤形成鲜明的对比。

C (47 个)
124. call at 访问某地 She asked him to call at Brown's Hotel to see her daughter. 她让他到布朗饭店去看望她的女儿。 125. call for 要求;需要 More work doesn't necessarily call for more men. 增加工作不一定要增加人员。 126. call in 顺路到(某处) ;请某人来帮忙 They call for more government investments in new industries. 他们呼吁政府给新兴工业更多的投资。 127. call off 取消 What is the alternative to call the trip off? 如果取消这次旅游,那我们还有什么地方可去? 128. call on 拜访某人;号召 We can call on our former teacher tomorrow. 我们明天可以去拜访过去的老师。 129. call out 大声叫唤;唤起 Trouble can call out a person's best qualities. 逆境可以激发出一个人的优秀品质。 130. care about 关心、介意 They don't care about the expenses. 他们对费用不在乎。 131. carry on 继续;进行 We must try to carry on as if nothing had happened. 我们必须继续下去, 只当作什么都没有发生过。

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132. carry out 执行;实施 We expect him to carry out his promises. 我们期待他履行诺言。 133. catch one’s eye 引起注意 Let's find a table first and then try to catch a waiter's eye. 我们先找张桌子坐下,再叫个服务员过来。 134. catch up with 赶上 Excessive drinking and smoking will catch up with you. 过度喝酒和抽烟迟早会使你受害不浅。 135. catch/ lose sight of 看见/看不见 Don't let me catch sight of you doing it again! 别让我再看到你干这种事了! In the heat of the argument we mustn't lose sight of our main purpose. 在辩论得激烈的时候,我们不应忘掉我们的主要目的。 136. change for the better/worse 好转/恶化 They believe that things can change for the better and finds ways of making it happen. 他们要坚信一切会向好的方面转化,并找出使之成为现实的方案。 137. charge…with 控告 The police are going to charge him with murder. 警察要控告他杀人。 138. cheer up 使高兴;高兴起来 Try to cheer up. Things are not so bad as they seem. 想办法高兴点儿, 情况并不像看上去那样糟。 139. clean up 打扫干净 This room needs cleaning up. 这间房间需要打扫一下。 140. clear up 澄清; (天气)变晴 The sky is overcast now, but I think it will clear up soon. 现在天色阴沉, 不过我想马上就会转晴的。 They hope to clear the matter up quickly. 他们希望很快就能把事情弄个水落石出。 141. combine… with… 把??和??结合起来 It is important that we combine theory with practice. 对我们来说,把实践和理论结合起来是重要的。

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142. come across 不期而遇 He is the most direct young man I`ve ever come across. 他是我碰到过的最直率的青年。 143. come down with 患病 I am afraid I am come down with a cold. 我恐怕是着了凉了。 144. come into existence/being 产生、成立 When did the Roman Empire come into being? 罗马帝国是什么时候形成的? 145. come out 出来;开花;结果是 Have you get the issue that come out recently? 你有最近出的那一期杂志吗? Let me know how the voting comes out. 告诉我投票结果如何。 146. come to (oneself) 达到;共计;恢复知觉,苏醒 After much talk they came to an agreement. 经过多次商谈, 他们达成了协议。 Ask the waiter what our bill comes to. 问问侍者我们一共应付多少钱。 I was already on my way when it suddenly came to me that I hadn't hung out my washing. 我上路以后才想起我没有把洗完的衣服晾起来。 147. come to/ into power 上台,执掌 The present government came into power two years ago. 现政府是两年前上台的。 148. come to/ arrive at a conclusion 得出结论 I sincerely hope that our negotiation will come to a successful conclusion. 我衷心希望这次谈判能圆满成功。 149. come up with 提出 Is this the very best you can come up with? 这就是你能提供的最好的办法吗? 150. come up 走近;长出来 While we were talking, a man came up. 我们正在谈话时, 一个人走了过来。 151. comment on 评论 The teacher refused to comment on the examination results.
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教师不肯评论考试结果。 152. commit a crime 犯罪 If you commit a crime you can never escape being punished. 你要是犯罪,就逃脱不了要受惩罚。 153. common knowledge 常识 It's common knowledge that women talk more than men. 众所周知,女人总比男人说话多。 154. compare A to B 把 A 比喻成 B Shakespeare compared the world to a stage. 莎士比亚把世界比作舞台。 155. compare A with B 把 A 和 B 比较 Few writers can compare with him in that respect. 在这方面很少作家能和他相比。 156. compete with 与??相竞争 No student in our class can compete in English with Mary. 在英语方面,我们班上没有人能与玛丽竞争。 157. concentrate on 集中精力在?? We must concentrate our efforts on finding ways to reduce costs. 我们要集中精力找出降低成本的办法。 158. conduct a survey 做一个调查 If we want a final conclusion, we must conduct specialized survey research. 如果要下定论, 必须进行专门的调查研究。 159. confuse A with B 把 A 和 B 混淆 I always confuse John with his brother, for they are very much alike. 我总是分不清约翰和他的哥哥,他们长得太像了。 160. congratulate sb. on sth. 因某事祝贺某人 You can congratulate yourself on having done a good job. 你的工作做得很出色,你应该感到自豪。 161. consider… (as/ to be) 把??看作 I consider it a great honor to be invited to dinner. 我认为能被邀请参加晚宴是很大的荣幸。 162. consist of 由??组成 Water is said to consist of oxygen and hydrogen.
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据说水由氢气和氧合成。 163. contribute to 有助于 Various factors contributed to his success. 多种因素导致了他的成功。 164. convince sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事 We must convince the students of the need for wider reading. 我们必须让学生们认识到广泛的阅读的必要性。 165. cooperate with sb. 和某人合作 If you can cooperate with each other, everything should run smoothly. 如果你们能互相配合,一切都会顺利的。 166. cope with 对付,应付,处理 How do you cope with the problem of poor vision? 怎样解决视力不好这一难题呢? 167. count on 依靠,指望 That was the only thing they could count on. 那是他们唯一依靠的东西。 168. cover a long distance 走了很长一段路 We estimate ( that) it will take three days to cover the distance. 我们估计走完这段路程要花三天时间。 169. cut down on 减少 What they are supposed to do is to cut down on government spending. 他们该做的是削减政府开支。 170. cut off 切断;断绝 His dishonesty cut him off from all of us. 他为人的不诚实使我们大家都不愿与之为伍。

D (14 个)
171. date back to 追溯到 There are few people who would believe that these books date back to 15th century. 很少有人相信这种书的历史竟可以追溯到 15 世纪。 172. devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事 After she graduated,she continued to devote herself to research.
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毕业后她继续致力于研究工作。 173. die down 逐渐平息 The gossip will soon die down now that the woman is dead. 既然这名妇女已经死了,这些闲言碎语也将很快消失。 174. die out 灭绝 Those species inadaptable to changing conditions may die out. 那些不能适应变化中的环境的物种可能会灭绝。 175. differ from 与??不同 The brothers differ from each other in their interests. 这几个兄弟各有所好。 176. distinguish… from… 把??区别于 It is hard for young children to distinguish right from wrong. 对于小孩来说,分辨是非是困难的。 177. divide… into… 把??分成 First he divided it in two, and then divided each into four. 他首先把它分成两份, 然后又把每份分成四份。 178. do harm/ good to 对??有害处/好处 Lies also do harm to those who tell them. 谎话对说谎者本身也有损害。 179. do nothing but do 除了??什么也不做 You can do nothing but let matters take their course. 你无能为力,只能顺其自然。 180. draw/ form/ reach/ make a conclusion 得出结论 What conclusion can we draw from their leave? 他们的离去能使我们得出什么结论呢? 181. draw/ attract one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 She gave a quiet cough to attract my attention. 她轻轻地咳了一声好引起我注意。 182. drive sb. mad 把某人逼疯 It is the regrets over yesterday and the fear of tomorrow that drive men mad! 真正令人发疯的是对昨日的悔恨及对明日的恐惧! 183. drop in on/ at 顺便拜访 Be sure to drop in on me when you can spare a moment.
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等你抽得出空时一定别忘了顺便来看看我。 184. due to 由于;因为 Her absence is due to illness. 她因病缺席。

E (7 个)
185. end up with 以??告终 We had a banquet, which ended (up) with soup. 我们举行了一个宴会,最后一道是喝汤。 186. enter for/ sign up for 报名参加 Are you going to enter yourself for the contest? 你打算报名参加比赛吗? 187. entertain sb. with sth. 用??来招待某人 He entertain us for hour with his story and joke. 他给我们讲故事、说笑话,让我们高兴了好几小时。 188. equip sb. with sth. 用??来装备某人 Education must equip students with the skills and the information needed to make sense of reality. 教育须用必需的技巧和信息装备学生,使之懂得真理。 189. escape from 从??逃离 Young people often desire to escape from their parents. 年轻人常常想要摆脱他们的父母。 190. ever since 从那时起直至今日 We've been friends ever since we left school. 我们从学校毕业后一直是朋友。 191. exchange A for B 用 A 交换 B Where can I exchange my dollars for pounds? 我可以在哪里把美金换成英镑?

F (20 个)
192. face up to 勇敢面对 There are dangers which you must face up to. 有危险,你必须勇敢地面对。
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193. fall in love with… 爱上某人 Women don't fall in love as easily as men do. 女士不像男士那样快地坠入情网。 194. fall off 跌落 Did she fall off the cliff by accident, or was she pushed off? 她是意外地掉下悬崖(cliff),还是被推下去的呢? 195. fall on 落在某一天;责任落在某人身上 Your bill will fall due on the fifteenth. 你的支票将在 15 日到期。 196. far from enough 远远不够 We have made some progress, but it is far from enough. 我们已经取得了一些进步,但还远远不够。 197. fight against 与??斗争 He tried to fight against being transferred to another department. 他试图反对被调往另一部门。 198. figure out 算出,推测出 No one can figure out how the fire started. 没有人弄得清这场火灾是怎么引发的。 199. fill… with 用??充满 The sight of him filled her with happiness. 一见到他, 她心里就充满了幸福。 200. find an excuse 找借口 Tom can not find a good excuse for being late. 汤姆找不到充分的理由说明迟到的原因。 201. find fault with 挑??毛病 I can't find fault with the new restaurant: the food is good and the service is excellent. 我无法对那家新餐馆吹毛求疵:食品很好,服务也是一流的。 202. fit in with 适合 His examples fitted in well with his argument. 他举的例子很说明他的论点。 203. focus (one’s attention) on 集中注意 A near-sighted person cannot focus accurately on distant objects. 一个近视的人不能够准确地调整焦距以看到远处物体。
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204. follow one’s example 学某人的样子 We must all follow his example and serve the people heart and soul. 我们都应学习他的榜样,全心全意为人民服务。 205. food for thought 应思考的问题 There is much food for thought in the film. 这部电影里有很多值得思考的东西。 206. for free 免费地;无偿地 I got the sample for free. 我免费得到这样品。 207. for the sake of 为了??利益 She sacrificed her life for the sake of freedom. 她为争取自由而献出了自己的生命。 208. forgive sb. for 因??而原谅某人 I hope you forgive me for opening your letter by mistake. 我误拆了您的信,期望您原谅。 209. form the habit of 养成某种习惯 You had better encourage your children to form the habit of reading at an early age 你最好鼓励孩子在小时候形成读书的习惯。 210. free of charge 免费 How much hand luggage may I carry free of charge? 我可以免费携带多少手提行李? 211. from the bottom of one’s heart 从心底里,发自内心地 The mother thanks the man from the bottom of her heart for saving her son's life. 这位母亲衷心感谢那位救了她儿子性命的人。

G (20 个)
212. get across 横过;穿过 The bridge was destroyed, so they wouldn't get across. 桥被毁坏了,所以他们无法过河。 213. get down to 开始认真对待 You must get down to your studies this year. 你今年要好好学习。

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214. get in the way 挡道,妨碍 Her social life has gotten in the way of her study. 她的社交生活妨碍了学业。 215. get lost 迷路 I gave you a map so you wouldn't get lost. 我给你一张地图,这样你就不会迷路了。 216. get over 克服;从??恢复过来 We will find ways to get over the difficulties. 我们会找到克服困难的办法。 217. get through with 完成 I'll telephone you when I get through with this pile of papers. 我处理完这一大堆文件后就打电话给你。 218. give … a lift 给??搭便车 Give me a lift to the station, will you? 让我搭你的车去火车站,好吗? 219. give away 泄露;出卖;赠送 Don't give away to the public when we will start. 不要向公众泄露我们出发的日期。 220. give in 投降;让步;上交 The defenders were outnumbered and had to give in. 抵抗者寡不敌众, 只能投降。 221. give off 发出(气体) These planets do not give off light of their own. 这些行星本身不发光。 222. give out 分发 Give out the examination papers to the candidates, please. 请把考卷发给应试者。 223. give rise to 引起 These bad conditions have given rise to a lot of crime. 这些恶劣的环境已造成了许多犯罪行为。 224. give way to 让位于,对??让步 I will persuade each to give way a little so that things can be settled. 我会说服双方各自让步一点,好把事情解决。

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225. glance at 瞥一眼,匆匆一看 He glanced at the envelope and recognized his uncle's handwriting. 他瞥了一眼那个信封,认出是他叔父的笔迹。 226. go after 追求 He had left his wallet on the table, so I went after him. 他把钱包忘在桌子上了, 所以我追去找他。 227. go in for 从事于,报名参加 What events is he going in for at the Olympics? 他将在奥运上参加什么项目? 228. go round 足够分配; (疾病)流传,传播 There are not enough desks to go round in the classroom. 教室里书桌不够用。 There are a lot of colds going round. 感冒正在散播。 229. go through 检查;经历 When he was a child, he went through one hardship after another. 孩提时代, 他经历了一个又一个的艰难困苦。 230. go with 伴随;与??协调 What vegetables do you recommend to go with? 你看该配什么蔬菜一起吃呢? 231. graduate from 从??毕业 It is often said that American universities are difficult to enter, but easy to graduate from. 经常听说美国的大学难于进入,但容易毕业。

H (21 个)
232. hand out 分发 Will you help me to hand out the materials for the lecture? 你可以帮我分发演讲材料吗? 233. hang on 抓紧不放,不挂电话 Hang on a minute while I look it up. 你稍等一下,等我查查看。 234. have a gift / talent / genius for 有??的天赋 Do you think you have the gift of making up stories? 你看你有编造故事的本领吗?
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235. have a good/ poor opinion of 对??评价高/低 Almost all have a good opinion of the speech given by Mr Green. 几乎所有的人对格林先生的发言都给予了很高的评价。 236. have a good command of 精通 Only in this way can we have a good command of English. 只有这样我们才能精通英语。 237. have a look at 看一看;请看 Could I have a look at the instructions myself? 我可以自己看看说明书吗? 238. have a passion for 酷爱 Some people have a passion for eating chocolate. 有些人十分喜好吃巧克力。 239. have a word with sb. 和??说话 He came back to have a word with me. 他回来跟我说几句话。 240. have access to 可以进入/使用 Students must have/gain/ get access to a good library. 学生必须有机会利用好的图书馆。 241. have an effect on 对??有影响、效果 Fathers have an enormous effect on their children's personalities. 父亲对孩子们的个性有巨大的影响。 242. have faith / confidence in 对??有信心 He has lost faith in his ability since he failed in the exam. 自从考试不及格,他就对自己的能力丧失了信心。 243. have influence on 对??有影响 News media have a great influence on people's mind. 新闻媒介对人的思想有很大的影响。 244. have no choice but to do 别无选择 We shall have no choice but to complain, to the manager about it. 我们只好向经理投诉这件事。 245. have/ show respect for 尊敬某人 You must have respect for the feelings of others. 你必须顾虑别人的感情。
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246. have trouble with ??有困难 Why don't you have so much trouble with her? 为什么你和她之间就没有这么多麻烦呢? 247. head for 驶向,走向 We saw him heading for us, so we stepped aside. 我们看见他向我们走来, 就让到一边。 248. hold a firm belief in 对某事怀着坚定信念 It is on these achievements that we hold a firm belief in the possibility of further progress. 就是这些成绩让我们坚信将来能够发展。 249. hold back 阻止,忍住 No one can hold back the wheel of history. 没有人能够阻挡历史的车轮。 250. hold on 抓牢;坚持 If he can just hold on a little longer, we can get help to him. 如果他能再坚持一会儿, 我们就能使他得到帮助了。 251. hold out 伸出(手等) They held out the hand of friendship to me. 他们向我伸出了友谊之手。 252. hold up 举起;阻挡,使停顿 We had planned to finish the work before dark, but the heavy rain held us up. 我们原计划在天黑以前干完这项工作, 可给大雨耽搁了。 Hold up your hands if you have any question. 如有问题请举手。

I (39 个)
253. in (the) presence / face of 当着??的面 He is always cool in the face of danger. 他在危险面前总是镇静自若。 254. in a loud voice 大声 He is so mild that I have never heard him speak in a loud voice. 他总是很温和,以至于我从来没听过他大声说话。 255. in a way 在某种程度上 In a way, I'm glad you made that mistake, for it will serve as a warning to you. 在某种程度上说, 你犯那个错误我倒感到高兴, 因为它可以对你敲警钟。
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256. in a word 总之 In a word, I can't go out as I have many things to do. 总而言之, 我不能出去, 因为我有许多事情要做。 257. in addition to 除??之外(还) Dr. John emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet. 约翰医生强调不仅要改变饮食还要锻炼身体。 258. in advance 提前 Is it necessary to book the tickets in advance? 有必要提前订票吗? 259. in all 总共 There are fifteen books on the first shelf, twenty-one on the second, making thirty-six in all. 书架的第一层有 15 本书, 第二层有 21 本, 总共是 36 本。 260. in any case 无论如何 All these rules must be observed in any case. 无论如何,所有的条例都必须遵守。 261. in brief 简而言之 To begin with, I'd like to tell in brief the importance of the work. 首先, 我想简要谈谈这项工作的重要性。 262. in case of 万一 Please let us know in case of further requirement. 如有进一步的需求,请通知我们。 263. in common with 和??有共同之处 I have a lot in common with my sister. 我和我姐姐有很多相同之处。 264. in danger of 处于??的危险中 This river is in danger of being fished out. 这条河里的鱼有被捕光的危险。 265. in detail 详细地 How it is done should be explained in detail. 这件事如何做应该详细地解释一下。 266. in good condition 状况良好 I promise to return your bicycle in good condition. 我答应把你的自行车完好无损地归还你。
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267. in honor of 向??表示敬意;为纪念?? A banquet will be given in honor of the visiting president. 将为来访的总统举行一个宴会。 268. in line 协调,有秩序;成一直线 What are those people standing in line for? 那些人排队干什么? 269. in low/ high spirits 情绪低落/兴高采烈 Mary has been in low spirits ever since her mother died. 玛丽自从母亲去世后情绪一直很低落。 270. in memory of 纪念 He founded the charity in memory of his late wife. 他创办了那个慈善机构以纪念他已故的妻子。 271. in no case 绝不 In no case should the temperature of the store room be over20℃. 储藏室的温度决不可高于 20℃。 272. in no time 立刻 The boy figured out the problem in no time. 男孩很快解决了那道算题。 273. in no way 绝不 She is in no way to blame. 根本不应该怪她。 274. in order 按顺序;整齐;状况良好 The names are arranged in order. 姓名按顺序排列。 275. in other words 换句话说 In other words, we are much luckier than Chinese living in the United States. 相比之下,我们要比在美国的华人幸运得多。 276. in particular 尤其,特别 Why did you choose that day in particular? 你为何特别选了那一天? 277. in poor health 身体不好 That old woman has long been in poor health. 那位老太太长期以来身体不好。
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278. in private 私下里 He can be very rude in private, though in public he is usually polite. 他在大庭广众中通常很有礼貌, 但私下里很粗鲁。 279. in public 当众;公开地 She is shy of speaking in public. 她怯于在公众面前讲话。 280. in reality 实际上,事实上 Mr. Green is a professor in name but not in reality. 格林先生是徒有虚名的教授。 281. in search of 对??的搜寻 He glanced about as if he was in search of something. 他扫视了四周, 好像他在搜寻什么东西. 282. in short 简言之,总之 In short, we must be prepared. 总而言之, 我们要有准备。 283. in spite of 不顾,不管 He was behaving normally in spite of his anxiety. 尽管他心中焦急,但仍然举止如常。 284. in terms of 在??方面 In terms of money we're quite rich, but not in terms of happiness. 就钱来说我们很富有,但论及幸福就不然了。 285. in the course of 在??的过程中 The new railway is in the course of construction. 新的铁路正在建设中。 286. in the form of 以??的形式 Water vapor is water in the form of a gas. 水蒸气是气态的水。 287. in the meantime 同时,在这期间 In the meantime, an economic crisis take place in that country. 在这期间那个国家发生了经济危机。 288. in use 使用着 Plastic is in widespread use. 塑料已被广泛地使用。
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289. inform… of… 通知某人某事 We regret to inform you of the cancellation of the tour. 我们遗憾地通知您,此次旅行取消了。 290. insist on 坚持 They insist on our staying there a bit longer. 他们坚持要我们再呆一会儿。 291. intend to do sth. 打算做某事 What do you intend to do when you leave college? 你毕业后打算做什么?

J (1 个)
292. judge from 从??判断 Don't judge from appearances. 人不可貌相。

K (17 个)
293. keep…at a distance 与??保持距离 I was wondering why you seemed to want to keep everybody at a distance. 我那时不懂你为什么对别人都很冷淡。 294. keep…doing 让某人一直做 News of success keeps pouring in. 捷报频传。 295. keep…in mind 牢牢记住 That's something we have always to keep in mind. 那是我们应该经常记在心里的。 296. keep an eye on 照看 Can you keep an eye on my suitcase for a moment. 你能给我照管一会儿手提箱吗。 297. keep in contact with 与??保持联系 Have you been in contact with your sister recently? 近来你和你姐姐有没有联系? 298. keep off 让开;不接近 The doctor advised Jack to keep off fattening foods.
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医生劝告杰克不吃致肥食物。 299. keep on 继续,保持 If we keep on our way for another hour, we should reach the village. 如果再继续向前走一小时, 我们就到那个村子了。 300. keep one’s promise 信守诺言 Please feel assured that we will keep our promise. 请放心我们一定遵守诺言。 301. keep pace with 跟上??的步伐,与??齐头并进 It's important for a firm to keep pace with changes in the market. 对一个公司来说,能跟上市场的发展是很重要的。 302. keep sb. company 陪伴某人 If they insist on fighting, we will keep them company. 如果他们一定要打,我们就奉陪。 303. keep to 遵守(计划、时刻表等) ;信守(诺言等) The tourists insist on keeping to their plan. 旅行者坚持按旅行计划行事。 304. keep up with 跟上(人、潮流、形势等) We must keep up with the times. 我们必须跟上时代。 305. kill/ pass time 消磨时间 Where shall I go to kill some time? 到哪里消磨时间好呢? 306. knock down 撞到;击倒 He knocked his opponent down with one blow in the competition. 比赛中他一拳就打倒了他的对手。 307. last but not least 最后但一样重要的是 Last but not least, more exercises help us keep healthy and fit. 最后, 多做运动能够使我们保持健康。 308. later on 后来 Learn by heart my words, or you will regret this later on. 记住我的话,否则以后你会后悔的。 309. lay a foundation for 为??奠定基础 If the reform is successful, it will lay a solid foundation for sustained development over the
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next few decades. 如果改革成功,会为今后几十年的持续稳定发展奠定坚实的基础。

L (22 个)
310. lay/ place/ put emphasis/ importance on 强调,重视 His report has laid great emphasis on the development of education. 他的报告着重强调了教育的发展。 311. lead to 导致;通向 In given conditions, a bad thing can lead to good results. 在一定条件下, 一件坏事可以导致好的结果。 312. learn… by heart 熟记,背 He managed to learn the contents of the letter by heart. 他已设法把这封信的内容背了下来。 313. learn/ draw a lesson from 从??中吸取教训 The first great lesson that a young man shall learn is that he knows nothing. 年轻人应该上的第一课是,他懂得自己什么也不知道。 314. leave…alone 更不用说 She wants to think things out quietly, so we had better leave her alone. 她要安静地考虑一下, 最好别打扰她。 315. let alone 更不用说 The baby can not even walk, let alone run. 这个小孩连走路都不会,更不用说跑了。 316. let out 放出;发出 Please let the water out of the bathtub. 请把浴缸里的水放掉。 317. lie in 在于 Your problem lies in lacking efficient methods. 你的问题在于缺少有效的方法。 318. live up to 实现,不辜负 Did the TV play live up to your expectations? 这部电视剧有你期望的那样好吗? 319. living standards 生活水平 Critics say his reforms have caused the fall in living standards.
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批评家说他的改革措施导致了生活水准下降。 320. long for 渴望 I long for a trip to the Cape of Good Hope. 我渴望到好望角去旅行。 321. look around 环视;向四周看 You'd better look around carefully before making the final decision. 在作最后结论之前,你应该仔细考虑。 322. look back 回顾 As I look back, scenes of the past leap before my eyes. 追忆往事, 历历在目。 323. look down on/ upon 轻视 We should not look down on manual labor. 我们不应该轻视体力劳动。 324. look into 调查,观察 The government will look into how to reduce unemployment. 政府将研究如何降低失业率。 325. look on 旁观 In no case will they look on passively. 他们决不会在一边看热闹。 326. look through 浏览;核查;看穿,识破 You may look through the notes and other study materials. 大家看一下笔记和相关资料。 327. look to 依赖,指望 Children usually look to their parents for guidance and reassurance. 儿童通常依靠他们的父母来获得指导和宽慰。 328. look up to 尊敬 They all look up to him as their leader. 他们都尊他为他们的领袖。 329. lose heart 失去信心 He failed many times, but he did not lose heart. 他失败了许多次,但他并没有失去信心。 330. major in 主修 What subject did you major in university?
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你在大学主修的科目是什么? 331. make/ commit a mistake 犯错 Young as he is, he naturally committed such a mistake. 他年纪还轻嘛, 难怪犯了这样的错误。

M (25 个)
332. make/ earn a living 谋生 She heard that it was easier to make a living in the big cities. 她听说大城市谋生容易些。 333. make a decision 做决定 It's not right to make a decision without investigation and study. 没有调查研究就作出决定是不妥的。 334. make a fortune 发财 We must make a fortune by means of industry. 我们必须勤劳致富。 335. make a list 列一张清单 Before I go shopping, I make a list of the things I must buy. 在上街买东西之前, 我把必须买的东西列出一个单子。 336. make a profit 赚取利润 Newspapers make a profit from the advertisements they carry. 报纸由其所刊登的广告获取利益。 337. make a promise 许诺 If you make a promise you should fulfill it. 如果你许诺了,你就要履行你的诺言。 338. make an effort 努力 You should make an effort to learn something new everyday. 我们必须努力去每天学一点新东西。 339. make an offer 努力 340. make arrangements for 为??安排 Can you make arrangements for a dinner party? 您能为我安排一次宴会吗? 341. make comments on 发表评论
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You're welcome to make any comments on our products. 迎接您对我们地产品提出贵重地意见。 342. make complaints about 抱怨 I have some complaints to make about the canteen service on the campus. 对于校园内食堂服务问题我有意见要提。 343. make contact with 与??取得联系 If there is an emergency make immediate contact with head office. 如果有紧急情况,立刻联系总部。 344. make contributions to 对??作贡献 It is our duty to make contributions to our motherland. 为祖国做出贡献是我们的责任。 345. make out 辨认出 Through the mist I could just make out a vague figure. 透过雾霭,我只能看见一个模糊的人影。 346. make sense 讲得通,有意义 Does it make sense to let children play with matches? 让小孩玩火柴有意义吗? 347. make sure 确保,查明 Make sure the current is switched off before you leave on holiday. 你出去度假前一定要把电源关上。 348. make trouble 惹麻烦 You are thoughtless in speech and always make trouble. 你就是太口快了!总是容易惹事! 349. make up 组成;编造;补偿 How many countries make up the Common Market? (欧洲)共同市场由多少国家组成? He loves to make up lies to fool me with. 他爱编造谎言糊弄我。 350. make up for 补偿,弥补 Hard work can often make up for a lack of ability. 努力工作经常可以弥补能力的不足。 351. make use of 使用;利用 We also train them to make use of reference books. 我们还培养他们使用参考书。
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352. make/ leave an impression on 留下印象 She's always trying to make an impression on people with her new clothes. 她总是试图用穿新衣给人留下印象。 353. meet one’s need/ demand/ expectation 满足某人的需要/期望 Quality is defined as to meet customer expectation. 质量的定义为是否满足客户期望来体现。 354. meet the requirement of 满足要求 The products can meet the requirement of customer for various specifications. 其产品绝对能满足顾客的各种规格要求。 355. mess up 弄乱,弄糟 He didn't want to mess up the situation. 他不想把事情弄糟。 356. mistake A for B 把 A 误认为 B There are lots of people who mistake their imagination for their memory. 有许多人将他们的想象当做记忆。

N (1 个)
357. negotiate with sb. 与某人谈判协商 I'll negotiate with their coach on the date of the match. 我将与他们的教练磋商比赛的日期问题。

O (25 个)
358. object to 反对 I don't object to the children going with us. 我不反对孩子们和我们一道去。 359. oblige sb. to do 迫使某人 Circumstances oblige me to do that. 情况使我不得不那样做。 360. observe the regulations/ rules 遵守规则 We must observe the rules and regulations. 我们必须遵守各项规章制度。
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361. occur to 想到 It didn't occur to him that she would refuse his invitation. 他没有想到她会拒绝他的邀请。 362. on board 在船上 The captain refused to leave his sinking ship while there were others on board. 在船上还有其他人的时候,船长不肯离开正在下沉的船。 363. on campus 在校园内 There is a widespread dissatisfaction among the students with the food on campus. 学生们普遍对学校的饭菜不太满意。 364. on condition that 只要 He can use the bicycle on condition ( that ) he returns it tomorrow. 自行车可以借给他,条件是明天必须归还。 365. on display 在展览 Many exhibits with characteristics of the Chinese art are on display. 许多具有中国艺术特色的展品陈列出来。 366. on fire 着火 She is a person who would set the world on fire. 她是那种会做出惊人之举引起轰动的人。 367. on one’s own 单独 Success in study mainly depends on one's own efforts. 学习主要靠自己努力。 368. on one’s side 站在某人一边,支持某人 They are on my side in this issue. 在这个问题上,他们跟我们的立场一致。 369. on purpose 故意地 You might cut yourself by accident, you would not cut yourself on purpose. 你可能意外地割伤自己, 你不会故意割伤自己。 370. on sale 出售;廉价出售 I think these earrings are on sale this week. 这种耳环这周特价出售。 Tickets are on sale from the booking office. 售票处正在售票。 371. on schedule 准时
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I have accomplished the task on schedule. 我按时完成了任务。 372. on the contrary 正相反 You think you are clever; on the contrary, I assure that you are very foolish. 你自以为很聪明, 相反地, 我确信你很傻。 373. on the occasion of 在做某事的场合/情况 On the occasion of arrival of New Year, please accept my sincere greeting. 在新年到来之际, 请接受我最良好的祝愿。 374. on the way to 在去??路上 I met an old friend on the way to work this morning. 今天早上我在上班的路上碰到了一位老朋友。 375. on the whole 就总体而言 My opinion is on the whole the same as yours. 376. once in a while 偶尔 He went to see them once in a while. 他偶尔去探望他们。 377. operate on 做手术 The doctors decided to operate ( on her ) immediately. 医生决定马上 ( 给她 ) 动手术。 378. other than 除了 You can't get there other than by boat. 除了坐船,你无法去那里。 379. out of breath 喘不过气来 He ran so fast that he was out of breath. 他跑得太快,气都喘不过来了。 380. out of order/ control 失灵/失控 The telephone was out of order, but is functional now. 电话刚才坏了, 但现在可以用了。 381. out of/ within range 在射程外/内 The ship came within range of vision. 已经看得见那条船了。 382. owing to 由于 Owing to the bad weather, we didn’t go to the park.
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由于天气不好, 我们没有去公园。

P (27 个)
383. participate in 参与 They invited the world to participate in at international exposition. 他们邀请世界各国参加国际博览会。 384. pass away 穿过,经历 I recently had a cousin pass away from cancer. 我的一个堂姐最近因癌症去世了。 385. pass by 路过 I pass by the post office every day on my way to school. 我每天上学都经过邮局。 386. pass on/ down 传递;传授 Everyone was struck by their readiness to pass on all they knew. 他们很愿意把自己的知识传给别人,这给每个人都留下深刻印象。 387. pass through 穿过,经历 An estimated 1600 vessels pass through the strait annually. 估计每年有 1,600 艘船通过该海峡。 388. pay a visit to 访问,经历 Did you pay a visit to the leaning tower in Pisa while you were in Italy? 你在意大利期间参观了比萨斜塔吗? 389. pay attention to 注意 Everyone should pay attention to preserving his own eyesight. 每人都应注意保护视力。 390. pay back 偿还,回报 I am sure that he will pay back every cent he owes you. 我敢肯定他会分文不差地把欠款还给你。 391. pay off 还清(借款) You must pay off your old loan before you can obtain a new one. 你必须还清旧账, 然后才能再借款。 392. persevere in 坚持不懈 Hard as the condition be, he persevere in his study. 虽然条件艰苦,但他仍坚持学习。
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393. persist in 坚持/ 执意做某事 Why do you persist in thinking me so narrow - minded? 为什么你总是认为我的心胸是这样狭窄呢? 394. pick up 学会 Where did you pick up your excellent English? 你是在哪里学会这样一口流利的英语的? Will you pick me up at my place? 你能到我的住处来接我吗? 395. place an order for 订购某物 Can I have a 10% discount if I place an order for 5000 bicycles? 如果我订购 5000 辆自行车,我能得到百分之十的折扣吗? 396. play a part (in) (在??中)起作用 Childhood experiences often play a big part in shaping one's character. 童年经历在形成一个人的性格方面往往起重要作用. 397. point at 指着 It’s rude to point at people when one speaks in some countries. 在有些国家,说话时用手指指人是不礼貌的。 398. prohibit sb. from doing sth. 禁止某人做某事 I fear that a prior engagement will prohibit me from joining you at dinner. 我有约在先,恐怕不能与你共进晚餐。 399. provide sb. with sth/ provide sth for sb 向某人提供某物 Was he able to provide you with the information? 他能给你提供消息吗? 400. put … into practice 将??付诸实施 As things are, we cannot put the plan into practice. 就目前情况看来,我们还不能将此计划付诸现实。 401. put… into words 用言辞表达 We should learn to put our ideas into words as accurately as possible. 我们要学会把我们的思想尽可能地用精确的言语表达出来。 402. put away 把??收起;放好 She washed the cups and put them away. 她洗完杯子后便把他们收了起来。 403. put down 放下;记下 You should put down every word she says.
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你要记下她说的每句话。 404. put forward 提出 He put forward a plan for the committee to consider. 他提出一项计划交由全体委员审议。 405. put out 出版;公布;扑灭 Far water does not put out near fire. 远水救不了近火。 They have already put out a new periodical. 他们已经出版了一种新的期刊。 406. put pressure on 对??施加压力 Ageing will put pressure on societies at all levels. 老龄问题将对社会各阶层带来压力。 407. put through 接通电话 I want to put a call through to Beijing. 我想给北京挂一个长途电话。 408. put up 搭建;提出(计划等) ;留宿 I put up the proposal on your behalf. 我是为你的利益才提出这个建议的。 It's time we put up the Christmas decorations in the living room. 我们该在起居室里张贴一些圣诞装饰物了。 409. put up with 忍受 I can't put up with her another day — she never stops complaining. 她整天抱怨,我一天也不能忍受了。

R (16 个)
410. range (in)… from… to… (在某方面)从??到??不等 Those dresses range in price from twenty to fifty yuan. 这些衣服的价钱自 20 元至 50 元。 411. rather than 而不是 Rather than being punished, he should be rewarded. 他该受奖励而不应该受惩罚。 412. reach out for 伸出手拿 You must reach out for any opportunity that comes your way. 你必须抓住所遇到的任何机遇。
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413. recover from 从??中恢复 It takes a long time for him to recover from a bad cold. 他患重感冒,很长时间才康复。 414. refer to 参阅,指的是 Refer to the dictionary when you don't know how to spell a word. 当你不知道怎么拼写一个词时, 查阅一下词典。 Does your remark refer to all of us? 你的评论是针对我们所有的人的吗? 415. regard … as 把??看作 We regard our support to them as our duty. 我们把对他们的支持当作我们的职责。 416. regardless of 不顾,不管 She is determined to do regardless of all consequences. 她不顾一切后果,决心这样做。 417. remind sb of sth 提醒某人?? Thanks for your gift—it will always remind me of you. 谢谢你们的礼物——它将使我经常想到你们。 418. replace A with B 用 B 取代 A Humor allows us to replace anxious feelings with easy joy. 幽默使们能够用轻松的快乐代替焦虑的心情。 419. respond to 对??作反应 Would anyone care to respond to the last question? 有愿意回答最后一个问题吗? 420. result from 产生于,来自 Nothing had resulted from our efforts. 我们的努力没有产生什么结果。 421. result in 导致、引起 The use of such technique could result in air pollution. 使用这种技术会造成空气污染。 422. reward… with… 用某物回报某人 Does God punish or reward us with love? 爱,是上帝用来惩罚我们的还是奖赏我们的呢? 423. run across 碰见;偶然发现
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I ran across her in the public library yesterday. 我昨天在公共图书馆碰巧遇见了她。 424. run after 追赶,追捕,跟踪 The policemen are running after a prisoner who escaped last night. 警察在追捕一名昨夜逃跑的犯人。 425. rush hour (公共车辆的)高峰时间 You cannot park here during the rush hour. 交通高峰时你不能把车停在这儿。

S (35 个)
426. see through 看穿 He's a poor liar; anyone can see through him. 他说谎不高明, 任何人都能识破。 427. see to 注意;负责(做某事) ,照顾(某人) See to it that you're ready on time! 请务必按时准备好! Leave it up to me. I'll see to it. 交给我吧, 我会负责的。 428. send for 派人去请 He was so ill that we had to send for a doctor. 他病得很重,我们只好给他请医生了。 429. separate A from B 把 A 和 B 分开 It's not difficult to separate a butterfly from a moth. 区别蝴蝶和飞蛾并不难。 430. serve as 充当,起??作用 It may serve as teaching material by negative example. 它可以作反面教材。 431. set… free 释放 We pray you to set the prisoner free. 我们恳求你释放这个囚犯。 432. set about 开始,着手 She set about complaining as soon as she arrived. 她一到就开始抱怨。

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433. set an example 树立榜样 Her diligence has set an example to the others. 她的勤奋为其他人树立了榜样。 434. set aside 留出,拔出;把??置于一旁 Setting the chair aside, he sat on the floor. 他把椅子搁到一旁, 坐在地板上。 The hotel manager set aside two pleasant rooms for us. 旅店经理给我们留出两间舒适的房间。 435. set off 出发,启程;着手(做某事) It is suggested that we set off straight away. 有人建议我们立刻动身。 436. set out 出发;开始 The government has set out to make many needed reforms. 政府开始进行许多必要的改革。 437. set up 竖立;建立;设立;提出 A monument was set up as a memorial to the dead soldiers. 为阵亡将士立了一个纪念碑。 438. settle down 定居 He should get a house and settle down. 他应该买幢房子安定下来。 439. shortly/ soon after 在??后不久 A plane crashed shortly after taking off, killing all 163 on board. 一架飞机在起飞后不久坠毁, 机上 163 人全部丧生。 440. show up 出席; (使)显现 A police put some chemicals on the piece of paper and a line of words showed up. 一位警察在一张条上涂上化学药品, 一行字迹清晰地显现出来。 He showed up when we least expected him. 我们根本没有料到, 他竟然来了。 441. sign up for 报名参加 Where do I sign up for that tour? 我到哪里去报名参加那个旅行呢? 442. sit up 熬夜 We don't allow the children to sit up late. 我们不允许孩子们熬夜。

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443. slow down 减慢速度 Slow down, I'll take care of them one by one. 慢一点,一个一个来。 444. sooner or later 迟早 I guarantee you will eat your words sooner or later. 我保证你迟早要收回前言,承认错误。 445. spare no efforts 不遗余力 We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。 446. speak highly of 高度赞扬 While people speak highly of Internet, its drawbacks shouldn't be neglected. 当人们高度评价网络时, 不应忽视它的欠缺。 447. speed up 加快速度 We aim to speed up our delivery times. 我们正力争加快交货时间。 448. spring up 涌现 Doubts have begun to spring up in my mind. 我脑中开始泛起怀疑。 449. stand for 代表 UN stands for the United Nations. UN 是联合国的缩写。 450. stand out 突出,引人注目 His height makes him stand out in the crowd. 他这么高,使他在人群中显得很突出。 451. stay awake 醒着 It is a real effort to stay awake through the film. 真要强打起精神才能看完整部电影。 452. stick to 坚持、忠于 You must stick to your promise. 你必须遵守诺言。 453. straight away 立即,马上 Don't expect him to approve of your design straight away. 别指望他能立即接受你的设计方案。

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454. substitute for 代替 Can you substitute for the singer who is ill? 你能替一下那位得了病的歌手吗? 455. succeed in 在??上成功 At last the climbers succeeded in conquering the difficult mountain. 登山队员们终于成功地征服了这座难以攀登的山峰。 456. suffer from 承受??之苦;患病 According to the latest survey, many British suffer from heart diseases. 据最近调查显示,许多英国人患心脏病。 457. supply sb. with sth. 供应某人某物 They supply us with latest equipment. 他们向我们提供最新的装备。 458. surf the internet 上网冲浪 Can I surf the Internet with this computer here? 我可以用这台计算机上网吗? 459. switch off (用开关)关掉 Be sure to switch off the light when you leave the office. 你离开办公室时务必把灯关掉。 460. switch on (用开关)打开 You switch the radio on by pressing this button. 按这个按钮就能开收音机。

T (43 个)

461. take (great) pains to do 煞费苦心做某事 I'm grateful to you for taking pains to show me how to do the work. 感谢你费心指导我怎么去做这件工作。 462. take…as an example 举??为例 If you take her as an example, one day you will become a great scholar. 你以她为榜样,总有一天会成为博学之士。 463. take… seriously 认真对待 You do not have to take things too seriously. 你不必遇事太认真。
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464. take… for granted 想当然 We take it for granted that everyone should have the chance of being educated. 我们把每个人都应该有受教育的机会视为理所当然。 465. take… into consideration 把某事考虑进去 Time factor is what we must first take into consideration. 时间因素是我们必须首先考虑的。

466. take action 采取行动 We must take action before it is too late. 我们必须趁早采取行动,否则来不及了。 467. take advantage of 利用 He never helps me without trying to take advantage of me. 他每次帮我都想占我便宜。 468. take effect 生效 The prescribed medicine failed to take effect. 医生开的药没有见效。 469. take in 吸收;了解;欺骗 The salesman finds it easy to take in old ladies. 这个推销员发现老太太们容易上当受骗。 I wonder if he's really taking it in. 我想知道他是否真正明白了。 470. take measures/steps 采取措施 We should take measures to guard against accidents. 我们应该采取措施防止事故。 471. take notice of 注意 Take no notice of him and you know what a show-off he is. 别理睬他--你知道他多喜欢卖弄。 472. take on 呈现;承担;雇佣 The old factory has taken on a new look. 这家老厂已呈现出一派新面貌。 He is always ready to take on heavy responsibilities. 他一向乐于挑重担。 473. take one’s time 慢慢来 Take your time packing, for we still have one and a half hour.
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慢慢整理行李, 我们还有一个半小时。 474. take over 接收 I do not want to take over the family business. 我不想继承家业。 475. take pride in 以??为荣 This is a fact every Chinese can witness and take pride in. 这是每一个中国人都能够亲身体会,并且引以为荣的事实。 476. take shape 成形;出现 The plan is beginning to take shape in my mind. 这个计划在我脑子里逐渐有了眉目。 477. take the advice 采纳建议 Most customers prefer to choose clothes themselves, rather than take the advice of the sale assistant. 大多数顾客更加愿意自己选择衣服,而不太爱采纳售货员的意见。 478. take the place of 代替 It would be difficult to find a man to take the place of the secretary. 找一个代替秘书的人会很难的。 479. take the trouble 费神 It was good of you to take the trouble to help us. 谢谢你不辞辛苦地帮助我们。 480. take turns 轮流 In class we should not talk all at the same time; we should take turns. 上课时我们不应该同时发言而应该轮流发言。 481. take up 从事;占去(地方、时间、注意力等) I won't take up much of your time. 我不会占用你很多时间。 We pushed him hard to take up science. 我们极力让他学习自然科学。 482. take/ run the risk of 冒险 He is not willing to run the risk of losing his money 他不愿冒赔钱的风险。 483. tear down 拆掉(旧房) The city will tear down these buildings to make room for the new highway. 市政当局要拆毁这些建筑物以让出地方修筑新公路。
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484. tell the truth 老实说 The child must be taught to respect the truth and to tell the truth. 应该教孩子尊重事实、讲实话。 485. thank… for… 因??而感谢 Thank you for all you have done for me. 谢谢你们为我做的一切。 486. thanks to 多亏了,由于 Thanks to your explanation, it's clear to me now. 你这么一说,我心里就透亮了。 487. think of… as 把??看作 We all think of her as a responsible teacher. 我们都认为她是一位很负责的教师。 488. throw light on 阐明 He did not throw much fresh light on the subject. 关于这个问题他没有提供很多新的见解。 489. to one’s relief 使某人宽慰的是 Much to my relief, he is safe now. 他现在没事了,我大大松了一口气。 490. to some extent 在一定程度上 To some extent I hold that opinion of them still. 在某种程度上,我仍对他们持同样的看法。 491. to the point 切题 Don't talk round the question; come straight to the point. 不要在这个问题上绕圈子,开门见山地谈吧。 492. touch on 涉及到 In his lecture on geology, he touched on the subject of climate. 他在关于地质学的报告中, 也涉及了气候问题。 493. treat… as 把??看作 We had better treat it as a joke. 我们最好把它当作笑话。 494. try out 试用;试验 I'll try it out and see if it works. 我来试试看行不行得通。
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495. turn a blind eye to 对??熟视无睹 Bob turned a blind eye to the ‘No Fishing’ sign. 鲍勃假装没看见“严禁钓鱼”的告示。 496. turn down 拒绝 We have turned down four applicants already. 我们已拒绝了四位申请者。 497. turn in 上交;拐弯进入 We noticed him turn in at the gate. 我们看到他拐弯进了大门。 Turn in your homework, please. 请把作业交上来。 498. turn out 生产,制造;结果是 He said he was a doctor; but later he turned out to be a cheat. 他自称是个医生, 结果证明他是个骗子。 499. turn over 移交;仔细考虑 To whom should we turn over the key when we leave here? 在离开这里时, 我们把钥匙交给谁呢? He turned the new idea over in his mind. 他仔细地考虑了这种新想法。 500. turn sth. into reality 把某事变为现实 One chance can turn the dream of a lifetime into reality. 一次的机遇可以使终生的美梦变为现实。 501. turn to 转向;求助于 More and more people turn to computer science. 愈来愈多的人从事计算机科学研究。 I had to turn to the dictionary for help. 我得求助于词典了。 502. turn up 开大,调大;出现,被找到 He didn't turn up until half an hour later. 半小时后他才出现。 503. turning point 转折点,转机 The October Revolution was a turning-point in human history. 十月革命是人类历史的一个转折点。

U (6 个)
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504. under construction 在建设中 We'll have to slow down, the road ahead is under construction. 我们得开慢一点,前面的路正在施工。 505. under no circumstances 无论在什么条件下都不 We must under no circumstances give up halfway. 我们绝不能半途而废。 506. under pressure 在压力下 Her health broke down under the pressure of work. 工作的压力把她的身体弄垮了。 507. under way 在进行中 The yearly campaign to raise funds for the Red Cross is already under way. 一年一度为红十字会募集基金的活动已在进行中。 508. use one’s head Use your head! 你动动脑筋! 动脑筋

509. use up 用光,耗尽 By this time he had used up all his savings. 到这时, 他的存款已全部用完。

V (1 个)
510. vice versa 反过来也一样;反之亦然 Many gases are easily changed into liquids and vice versa. 许多气体容易变为液体,反过来也是这样。

W (8 个)
511. warn sb. of/against sth. 警告某人某事 I feel it my duty to warn you against smoking. 我觉得有义务警告您不要吸烟。 512. watch our for 留神 Watch out for cars when you get out. 下车的时候,当心来往车辆。 513. when it comes to 当谈到
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When it comes to art, I'm completely at sea. 说到艺术,我完全是门外汉。 514. with one voice 异口同声 They asked for his resignation with one voice. 他们一致要求他辞职。 515. with the rise of 随着??的兴起/提高 With the rise of the Empire, came a terribly dark time. 随着帝国崛起, 历史步入了一段悲惨的黑暗岁月。 516. within/ out of one’s reach 在伸手够得到/够不到的地方 Luxuries are not within the reach of the poor. 穷人享受不到豪华奢侈的生活。 517. without exception 毫无例外地 Each candidate must answer all the questions without exception. 每个考生都必须回答全部问题,没有例外。 518. would rather do A than do B 宁可做 A 而不做 B They would rather have familiar experiences than novel ones. 他们宁愿走老路而不愿体验新奇的事物。

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