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高三英语一轮复习标准教案及习题-名词性从句


高考英语语法复习专题
--- 名词性从句 一、考点聚焦 1、名词性从句中连接词的运用 名词性从句中的连接词有连词: if, 名词性从句中的连接词有连词:that / whether / as if, 连接代词: 连接代词:what / who/ which / whose / whatever / whoever / whomever / whichever, whichever, 连接副词: whenever。 连接副词:where / when / why / how / wherever / whenever。 的用法 (1) that 的用法。 、 主语从句、表语从句、 但不能省略。 ①、主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句中用 that 但不能省略。如: That they are good at English is known to us all. The problem is that we don’t have enough money. She expressed the hope that they would come to China one day. 有时可省有时又不可省, ②、宾语从句中的连接词 that 有时可省有时又不可省,在以下几种情况中 that 不能 省略: 省略: 从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时 词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时, (A) 当 that 从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时, 、 不可省略; that 不可省略; He judged that,because he was a child, he did not understand wine 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时, 不能省; (B) 当 that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时,that 不能省; 、 Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried. 作介词宾语时, 不可省掉。 (C) 当 that 作介词宾语时,that 不可省掉。如: 、 reason The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do. 从句作主语和宾语时, 来替换成以下几种结构表达。 ③、that 从句作主语和宾语时,可以用 it 来替换成以下几种结构表达。 (A)、 (A)、It is clear/certain/likely/true/surprising that… (B)、 (B)、It is a pity/shame/good idea/no wonder that ... (C)、 (C)、It is said/reported/ believed/known/thought/suggested that … that。 (D) It seems/happens that。如: 、 It happened that I went out last night. It is said that China will win in the World Cup. 的区别。 ④、that 和 what 的区别。 引导名词性从句时, 在主从句中不以当任何句子成分, 也没有任何含义; that 引导名词性从句时, 在主从句中不以当任何句子成分, 也没有任何含义; what 而 引导名词性从句时, 在主从句中都要充当一定的句子成分, 引导名词性从句时, 在主从句中都要充当一定的句子成分, what 可以分解成定语从句中的 that。 先行词 + 关系代词即常说的先行词 + that。如: that It’s shame that he has made such a mistake. Do what he says. 的区别。 ⑤、同位语从句与定语从句中 that 的区别。 只起连接作用, 在从句中不担当任何句子成分; 同位语从句中的连词 that 只起连接作用, 在从句中不担当任何句子成分; 而定语从句 在句中做宾语或主语,宾语与先行词有修饰关系。 中的关系代词 that 在句中做宾语或主语,宾语与先行词有修饰关系。如果句子是同位语 从句, which.同位语从句一般放在表具体含义的名词后解释名 从句,就应用连词 that 而不能用 which.同位语从句一般放在表具体含义的名词后解释名 词的含义或内容,如以下名词:news、fact、suggestion、truth、plan、belief、doubt、 词的含义或内容,如以下名词:news、fact、suggestion、truth、plan、belief、doubt、 possibility bility、 而定语从句只是对先行词的限定和修饰。 possibility、idea 等,而定语从句只是对先行词的限定和修饰。如: that again.( They expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again.( 同位语 从句) 从句)
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again.( The hope she expressed is that they would come to visit China again.(定语 从句) 从句) 的用法。 (2) whether 和 if 的用法。 、 在宾语从句中可以互换, whether。 ①、 whether 和 if 在宾语从句中可以互换, 但是作介词宾语时连接词一般用 whether。 如: all It all depends on whether they will come back. whether。 ②、后面直接跟 or not 时用 whether。如: I didn’t know whether or not he had arrived in Wuhan. whether。 ③、主语从句表语从句中只能用 whether。如: Whether the meeting will be put off has not been decided yet. money. The question is whether they have so much money. 可以引导同位语从句,用以说明前面的名词的内容, 不能。 ④、whether 可以引导同位语从句,用以说明前面的名词的内容,if 不能。如: We ought to discuss carefully the question whether we can do it or not. 连用表示一种选择, 不能这样用; ⑤、whether 常与 or 连用表示一种选择,if 不能这样用;whether 也可与动词不定式 不能。 连用但 if 不能。如: imporThe question of whether they are male or female is not important. decided I have not decided whether to go or not. if。 ⑥、间接引语位于句首时或者是间接引语提前时用 whether 不用 if。如: Thank you, but whether I’ll be free I’m not sure at the moment. 可引导一个让步状语从句表示“不管” 无论” 不能。 ⑦、whether 可引导一个让步状语从句表示“不管”“无论” 而 if 不能。如: 、 , Whether he comes or not, we will begin our party on time. 疑问词的区别 区别。 (3) 疑问词 + ever 和 no matter + 疑问词的区别。 、 可引导名词性从句,在主从句中要充当一定的部分。 ①、疑问词 + ever 可引导名词性从句,在主从句中要充当一定的部分。如: Whoever breaks the rule must be punished. You can choose whatever you like in the shop. 还可引导让步状语从句。 ②、疑问词 + ever 还可引导让步状语从句。如: Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished, Whatever you do, you must do it well. 疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。 ③、no matter + 疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。如: No matter what you do, you must do it well. No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished. 引导的同位语从句与定语从句的区别。 (4) when 和 where 引导的同位语从句与定语从句的区别。 、 前面的名词若是表示时间、地点的名词, when 和 where 前面的名词若是表示时间、地点的名词,则 when 和 where 引导的是定 语从句,否则则为同位语从句。 语从句,否则则为同位语从句。如: get They put forward the question where they could get the money. This is the place where the accident happened. 2、名词性从句中主句和从句的时态一致 但如果从句中表示提示的是客观现象, (1) 宾语从句中主句和从句的时态保持一致,但如果从句中表示提示的是客观现象, 、宾语从句中主句和从句的时态保持一致, 虽然主句是过去时态,从句仍用一般现在时。 虽然主句是过去时态,从句仍用一般现在时。如: Hello,I didn’t know you were in London. How long have you been here? very The teacher told us that light travels at a very high speed. (2) 主语从句作主语相当于单数第三人称作主语,谓语动词用单数,如果由 and 连 、主语从句作主语相当于单数第三人称作主语,谓语动词用单数, 接两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词用复数; 接两个或两个以上的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词用复数;由两个或多个连接词引导一个
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主语从句,谓语动词用单数。 主语从句,谓语动词用单数。如: When the meeting will begin has not been decided yet. When they will start and where they go have not been decided yet. meeting When and where the meeting will begin has not been decided. 3、名词性从句的词序 名词性从句在句中要用陈述句语序。 名词性从句在句中要用陈述句语序。如: He asked me what was the matter with me. We’ve heard the news that we’ll move into the new house. Whatever you say will interest us all. ● 二、精典名题导解 选择填空 1. A computer can only do ________ you have instructed it to do.(NMET 2001) A.how B.after C.what D.when 解析: 本题考查的是名词性从句作宾语的用法。 解析:答案为 C。本题考查的是名词性从句作宾语的用法。此句的引导词既作连词又 在宾语从句中充当一成分, 最合适。 在宾语从句中充当一成分,故 what 最合适。 2. —I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.. —Is that _________ you had a few days off ? (NMET 99) A.why B.when C.what D.where 解析: 此题考查的是从句的用法。根据题意“ 解析:答案为 A。此题考查的是从句的用法。根据题意“我上周开车去珠海看航空展 去了。 下面一句接着问: 那就是你为什么离开的原因吗? 去了。 下面一句接着问: 那就是你为什么离开的原因吗?”故用 why 引导表语从句表示 ” “ 原因。 原因。 3. I hate __________ when peope talk with their mouths full.(NMET 98) A.it B.that C.these D.them 解析: 本题考查的是形式宾语的用法。题意为“ 解析:答案为 A。本题考查的是形式宾语的用法。题意为“我讨厌人们谈话时嘴里塞 满东西” 该空白处没有任何含义, 连接该宾语从句, 满东西” 该空白处没有任何含义,而且已经用了 when 连接该宾语从句,所以此处只填一 。 it。 个形式宾语 it。 I’ve been up to so far, so I decide 4.I think Father would like to know to send him a quick note. A. which B. why C. what D. how 解析: 考查宾语从句连词用法, sth.可知 可知, 解析:答案为 C。考查宾语从句连词用法,由结构 sb. be up to sth.可知,应选 what 的宾语。 作介词 to 的宾语。 5.We cannot figure out quite a number of insects, birds, and animals are dying out. A. that B. as C. why D. when 解析: 本题考查宾语从句知识, 为及物动词, 解析:答案为 C。本题考查宾语从句知识,figure out 为及物动词,故此句为宾语从 从句意得知连词在从句中作原因状语, 句,从句意得知连词在从句中作原因状语,故选 why. 6.After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, our astronauts desire do is walk in space. A. where B. what C. that D. how 解析: 此题句子为时间状语从句,全主句的主语是由主语从句来充当的, 解析:答案为 B。此题句子为时间状语从句,全主句的主语是由主语从句来充当的, 缺少宾语, what。 并且主语从句中不定式动词 do 缺少宾语,故选 what。 ◆基础训练题 基础训练题 1. It now appears ______ they are in need of help. A. that B. which C. what
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D. how

2. It is good news ______ they will arrive in a few days. A. which B. what C. that D. how

drives 3. It ______ Joe drives badly. A. thought that that 4. It ______ he is late for class. A. may that B. might that C. may be that D. might be what B. thinks that C. is thought that D. is thought

5. This is ______ she was born. A. where B. which C. that D. what

6. The question is ______ we can’t go there today. A. that B. what C. which D. when

7. The question is ______ it is worth doing. A. if B. whether C. which D. what

8. The reason he has made such great progress is _______ he has never wasted his time. A. because B. why C. that D. what

fields. 9. My suggestion is ______ we should turn the land into rice fields. A. what B. that C. which D. where

10. His proposal is that the dam ______ at the foot of the mountain. A. build built ______ 11. My advice is that he ______ regular house. A. keep B. would keep C. keeps D. kept B. will build C. be built D. will be

12.______ knows the truth will tell you about it. A. Who that B. Whoever C. Whom that D. That who

13. We all know the truth _____ the earth goes round the sun. A. that B. which C. what D. whether

14. We heard the news ______ our team had won. A. which B. that C. what D. where

15. The problem ______ it is right or wrong has not yet been decided.
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A. which

B. that

C. whether

D. if

16. You must do well ______ the teacher asks you to do. A. which ◆强化训练题 their 1.Much to the couple’s comfort, their income is now double years ago. ago. A.that 2. B. B.than C. C.which D. D.what it was five B. what C. that D. where

it takes for us to reduce pressure is important to our emotional well. C. However; function D. What; help would mean we would be

health, and crying seems to Whatever; A. Whatever; work B. Whichever; help

3.If the project should be delayed for a day, fined $ 100,000. A.that B.as C.which

D.and it

4.When I try to understand

many it is that prevents so many Americans from there are quite

being as happy as one might expect, is seems to me a few causes. A.why; that B.which; as C.what; that

D.whether; since

5. There is a feeling in me _______ we will never know what a UFO is. A. that B. which C. of which D. what

6. While the total number of farmers engaged in the agriculture production is barely half _____ it used to be in 1959, the size of the average farm has tripled. A. that B. what C. which D. how he had wanted he realized it was not so

7. It was after he got important. A. what; what

B. what; that

C. that; what

D. that; which

8.What if we meet with a situation A.where B. B.in which

none of us are able to deal with? with? C. C.what D. D.that the advertiser

9.Advertising is different from other forms of communication pays for the message to be delivered. A.in which B.in order that
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C.in that

D.in the way

10. 10.—Do you think it wise for Chinese mothers to try to do everything for their children? children? —No, that’s A.where they are mistaken. B.what C.when D.how

11. The only problem was ________ we kept getting lost! But London people are very friendly and helpful. A. why 12. The fact B. whether C. that D. how all of us.

anything she had not said anything at the meeting

A. what; surprised C. that; surprised 13. The most exciting thing for him was in

B. what; was surprised D. that; was surprising he finally found two tinned fruits

seemed to him to be a servant's bedroom. B. that; what C. what; that D.

A. that; that what; what

14. Finally they arrived at a place_______ sold cigarettes and other small articles. A. where B. which C. in which D. what

15. There were two small rooms in the house, ____served as kitchen. A. the smaller of which C. the smaller of them B. the small of which D. the smaller one

16. It is no longer a question now _____ man can land on the moon. A. that B. if C. whether D. what

17. I have the same opinion as you _____ the privacy of one's life should be kept secret. A. that ◆高考训练题 2007 年高考 (全国卷 1.____ matters most in learning English is enough practice. (全国卷 II) A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which B. which C. whether D. where

(上 2. ______ he referred to in his article was unknown to the general reader. (上
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海卷) 海卷) A. That What B. What C. Whether D. Where

“programmed” 3. The traditional view is ______ we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to (上海卷 上海卷) make us do so. (上海卷) A. when B. why C. whether D. that

4. Could I speak to--------- is in charge of International Sales, please? (山 to--------(山 东卷) 东卷) A.anyone who 5. You can only be sure of_________ you have at present; you cannot be sure of (安徽卷 安徽卷) something _____ you might get in the future. (安徽卷) A. that; what that 6. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s ______ the best jobs are. (浙 (浙 jobs 江卷) 江卷) A. what B. where C. when D. why B. what; / C. which; that D. /; B. B.someone C. C.whoever D. D.no matter

7. It is none of your business (福建卷 福建卷) yourself. (福建卷) A. how B. what

other people think about you. Believe

C. which

D. when

were 8. Having checked the doors were closed, and _________ all the lights were off, (湖南卷 湖南卷) the boy opened the door to his bedroom. (湖南卷) A. why B. that C. when D. where

9. Choosing the right dictionary depends on ______ you want to use it for. (江 (江 苏卷) 苏卷) what A. what 10. 卷) A. That B. Which C. What D. As you B. why C. how D. whether

life(陕西 parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. (陕西

11. By improving reading skills, you can read faster and understand more of read. 上海春) read.(上海春)
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A.that

B.what

C. which

D.whether

12. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft (天津卷 天津卷) sands make ________ it is. (天津卷) A. what 2008 年高考 1. The lawyer rarely wears anything other than jeans and a T-shirt ______ the season. other T(全国 I 卷) A. whatever B. wherever C. whenever D. however B. which C. how D. where

2. Students are always interested in finding out _______ they can go with a new 安徽卷) teacher. (安徽卷) A. how far B. how soon C. how often D. how long

3. _____ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. (福建卷) 福建卷) A. It B. What C. As D. Which

important 4. When asked _____ they needed most, the kids said they wanted to feel important 湖南卷) and loved. (湖南卷) A. what B. why C. whom D. which

山东卷) 5. ______ was most important to her, she told me, was her family. (山东卷) A. It B. This C. What D. As

6. Animals suffered at the hands of Man ___ they were destroyed by people to make 江西卷) way for agricultural had to provide food for more people. (江西卷) A. in which B. for which C. so that D. in that

浙江卷) 7. ______wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. (浙江卷) A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever Who D. Who

8. Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from ______ their parents speak at home. (浙江卷) 浙江卷) A. what B. that C. which D. one best they hope will be the best

9. The companies are working together to create 北京卷) means of transport in the 21st century. (北京卷) A. which B. that
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C. what

D. who

10. The last time we had great fun was _____ we were visiting the Water Park. (天 津卷) 津卷) A. where B. how C. when D. why

11. People in Chongqing are proud of __ they have achieved, in the past ten years. (重庆卷) 重庆卷) A. that B. which C. what D. how

12. All people, __ they are old or young, rich or poor, rich or poor, have been 重庆卷) trying their best to help those in need since the disaster. (重庆卷) A. even if B. whether C. no matter D. however

13. As his best friend, I can make accurate guesses about ___he will do or think. (上海卷) 上海卷) A. what B. which C. whom D. that

14. It has been proved ___ eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you (上海卷 上海卷) against serious illnesses in later life. (上海卷) A. if B. because C. when D. that

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参考答案 名词性从句基础训练题 1-5 ACDCA 66-10 ABCBC 1111-16 ABABCB

名词性从句强化训练题 1-5 DAACA 66-10 BBDCA 1111-17 CCBBAAA

定语从句高考题 2007 年高考 1-5 ABDCB 2008 年高考 1-5 AABAC 66-10 DCACC 1111-14 CBAD 66-10BBBAC 1111-12 BA

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