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话题 12 如何用英语描写饮食


话题 12 如何用英语描写饮食 Food and drink
必走三步
请根据下表用英语写一篇短文,介绍某地区五年来人们饮食的变化情况,内容包括: 2001 Grain Meat Fruit & vegetables Milk Total 44% 19% 25% 12% 100% 2002 44% 21% 23% 12% 100% 2003 43% 2

3% 21% 13% 100% 2004 42% 23% 21% 14% 100% 2005 42% 22% 22% 14% 100%

1.饮食变化的总的情况。 2.说明人们饮食方面发生变化的原因。 3.变化说明了什么及带来的益处。 注意:题目已给出,词数 100 — 120。 第一步:认真审题,提炼要点 一审格式:这是一篇以数字表格形式出现的说明文。 二审结构:因为这是一篇表格式的说明文,数据非常之多,涉及的面也比较广,所以, 作者需进行细致的观察与分析,从这些数据中找出一定的规律,然后得出结论。首先用一句 话进行概括, 说明人们的饮食结构从 2001 年至 2005 年发生了很大的变化, 接着从两个方 而分析饮食变化的原因,最后,得出结论:这些变化反映了人民生活水平的变化。注意文章 条理要清楚,用词要准确。如表示升降的词汇可用:dropped... to,increased from... to... 等。 三审要点:用英语思维,理出写作要点。 1.great changes in people's diet from 2001 to 2005 2.a) grain consumption dropped 2% b) milk consumption increased from 12% in 2001 to 14% in 2005 3.from 2001 to 2003 a) the meat consumption increased from 19% to 23% b) the consumption of fruit and vegetables dropped from 25% to 21% 4.from 2004 to 2005 a) the meat consumption dropped a little to 22% b) the consumption of fruit and vegetables increased a little to 22% 5.a) people at better off and could afford more nutritious food b) more and more people begin to pay attention to the quality of their diet 6.good for their health 7.living a better life 第二步:紧扣主题,扩点成句 1.There were great changes in people's diet from 2001 to 2005. 2.a) The grain consumption dropped 2% from 2001 to 2005 in total food consumption. b) The milk consumption intcreased from 12% in 2001 to 14% in 2005. 3.a) But from 2001 to 2003,the meat consumption increased from 19% to 23% b) The consumption of fruit and vegetables dropped from 25% to 21%. 4.a) From 2004 to 2005,the meat consumption dropped a little to 22%. b) The consumption of fruit and vegetables increased a little to 22%. 5.a) People are better off and could afford more nutritious food.

b) More and more people begin to pay attention to the quality of their diet. 6.They believe eating in a scientific way is good for their health. 7.These changes show that our society is progressing and people are living a better life than ever before. 第三步:补充修改,连句成篇 Changes in People's Diet This table shows that there were great changes in people's diet from 2001 to 2005.The grain consumption dropped 2% from 2001 to 2005 in total food consumption,While the milk consumption increased from 12% in 2001 to 14% in 2005.But from 2001 to 2003,the meat consumption increased from 19% to 23% while the consumption of fruit arid vegetables dropped from 25% to 21%.From 2004 to 2005,the meat consumption dropped a little to 22% while the consumption of fruit and vegetables increased a little to 22%. There are two main reasons for these changes.First,people are better off and could afford more nutritious food.Second,more and more people begin to pay attention to the quality of their diet.They believe eating in a scientific way is good for their health. These changes show that our society is progressing and people are living a better life than ever before.

满分作文——满分发言稿一
假如你们学校“英语爱好者俱乐部”将对“良好的饮食习惯”这一话题进行讨论。请根 据下列提示,用英语写一篇发言稿。内容要点应包括: 部分同学的饮食习惯 不吃早餐 爱吃零食 饮食过量 良好的饮食习惯 饮食多样化 饮食定时定量 个人看法 重要性: 有助于身体健康??

注意:1.发言稿必须包括所有内容要点,可适当发挥; 2.发言稿开头与结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数; 3.词数:100 左右。 4.参考词汇:偏食 be particular about food 零食 snack Dear friends, As we all know,we are what we eat.Therefore,it's very important for us to form healthy eating habits. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ That's all.Thank you. (2006 年高考福建卷) 范文: Dear friends, As we all know,we are what we eat.Therefore,it's very important for us to us to from healthy eating habits. However, eating habits are still very common among us students. bad Some of us often go to school without breakfast. some like to have snacks; some are particular about food, still some and eat or drink too much. To keep fit, should have various healthy diets, we which generally include proper amounts of fish, meat, vegetables, fruits, well as main food. as Only in this way can we have enough energy

to study better. In my opinion,we should try to develop healthy eating habits to build up a strong body. That's all.Thank you. 点评: 本文开门见山地说明存在的现象,然后加以评论,指出应养成良好的饮食习惯,最后说 明养成良好的饮食习惯的重要性, 作者还对此重要性做了适当的补充。 因此, 该文要点齐全, 所有论述都围绕主题句展开。作者巧妙地运用连接词使语意连贯,结构紧凑。如:therefore, however 等。 本文还运用了较高级的词汇,如:are particular about,keep fit,build up 和较复杂的句 式,如:非限定性定语从句 To keep fit,we should have various healthy diets,which generally include proper amounts of fish,meat,vegetables,fruits,as well as main food 和倒装句 Only in this way can we have enough energy to study better 等。

必做练习
最近的一项研究表明, 北京大约有 50% 的青少年没有吃早餐的习惯。 请根据表格内容 用英语写一篇题为“Top Meal of the Day”的短文刊登在 21st Century 上。 原因 结果 建议 晚上因学习而晚睡,不吃早餐可多睡一会儿;家长太忙,给钱让孩子自己解 决早餐;女孩为保持苗条身材常不吃早餐。 课堂上昏昏欲睡,注意力下降,考试成绩不理想。 早餐不可少,因为早餐提供全天所需能量的 30%,并有助于保持活跃的思维?

注意:1.词数:100 左右。 2.不可逐词翻译,要点可适当发挥。 答案: Top Meal of the Day A recent study shows that nearly 50 percent of school kids in Beijing do not have breakfast.They tend to feel sleepy all day and have had memories,so it is hard for them to get high marks in all kinds of tests. Some students who study late into the night choose to miss breakfast so that they can have a few extra minutes in bed.Others are given money to buy their breakfast on the way to school because their parents are too busy to prepare it for them.In addition,a few school girls want to stay slim and often go to school without breakfast. In fact,the morning meal plays an important part.It can provide 30 percent of the whole day's energy.For a creative mind and better judgement,school kids should start their day with a regular breakfast.


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