Section Ⅲ 语言点一 语 篇 理 解 识 记 掌 握 理 解 拓 展 应 用 落 实
Other Parts of the Module 语言点二 识 记 掌 握 理 解 拓 展 应 用 落 实 语言点三 识 记 掌 握 理 解 拓 展 应 用 落 实
Ⅰ.Choose the best answer according to the passage. (Passage
on Page 37) 1．Few people had a good standard of living because ________. A．the taxpayers didn't care about them B．the city was polluted
C．there were huge numbers of poor people
D．the wealth was distributed unfairly among the population
2．Poverty was so severe that ________. A．some people were ill because they didn't have enough to eat B．children wore rags for school
C．the river became polluted and caused disease and death
D．it was dangerous to swallow the water if you fell in the river
3．The port of London was where ________. A．the districts of the East End and Southwark were B．the poorest people lived C．men queued for work every day
D．ships came from all over the world to load and unload
4．The old city of London was ________. A．the business and financial district of London B．where Dickens lived C．where the Law Courts and many restaurants and
D．where Dickens set his stories
5．The further west you went in Dickens' London ________. A．the more Dickens felt at home B．the richer and more important the people who lived there were C．the safer it was to walk at night D．the less it looks like London today
Ⅱ.True (T) or False (F). (Passage on Page 41)
1．Dickens started writing novels in his early thirties.
2．Dickens' books were only popular in England.
3．Dickens often wrote about the problems of poor people. ( T ) 4．Dickens' father was put in prison for debts. 5．Because Dickens wrote many novels, he could live a wealthy life. (F ) (T )
Ⅰ.根据英文释义写出单词 1． nutrition (n.) the process of giving or getting the right
type of food for good health and growth
2． attain 3． escape (v.) to succeed in achieving something after trying for a long time (v.) to get away from a place or dangerous situation when someone is trying to
catch you or stop you
(v.) to do something for someone，or give them something in return for helping
5． scream (v.) to make a loud high cry because you are hurt, frightened or excited 6． swallow (v.) to make food or drink go from your mouth down through your throat and
into your stomach
Ⅱ.根据所给词性及汉语释义写出单词 1． intend v. 打算→ intention n．意图；意向；计划；打算
→ intended adj.预期的；预谋的
2． distribute v. 分发，分配，分送(to/among)→
distribution n．分发，分配 3． starvation n. 挨饿，饿死→ starve v. 挨饿，饿死
4． concern n．& v．关心，担心，使担忧；与??有关 → concerned adj.担心的；有关的→ concerning prep. 涉及；关于 5． accumulate v．积累→ accumulation n. 积累 6． accomplish v. 完成(任务等), 取得(成功)→
accomplishment n. 成就；成绩
1．escape v. & n．逃跑；摆脱；逃避 [教材原句] Magwitch has escaped from prison but is
soon caught again and sent to Australia in a prison ship. 马格韦契刚从监狱里逃出来，但不久又被抓住并被一艘监
①It is not easy to escape intense competitive pressures at work. 想逃避工作上的竞争压力不是那么容易的。
②Tourists can escape from the noisy city and enjoy a
relaxing time in Lijiang.
在丽江，游客们可以摆脱喧嚣的城市，享受放松的时间。 ③The drunk driver couldn't escape being punished. 酒驾司机未能逃避惩罚。
⑤escape from ⑥escape doing sth.
a narrow/lucky escape
④ A couple had a narrow/lucky escape when a tree fell just in front of their car.
2．intend v. 打算，想要，意欲
[教材原句] Some years later, Pip learns that an unknown
person intends to give him money every month.
几年后， 皮普才知道一位不知名的人每月都会给他一些钱。 ①Yang Yuying intends to issue a new album in 2012. 杨钰莹打算在2012年发行一个新专辑。
(1)intend to do/doing sth.
intend sb. to do sth. (2)be intended to be be intended for It is intended that ...
打算让某人做某事 确定为；规定为 为??准备；专供??使用 按计划??
(3)have no intention of doing sth. 不打算做某事
②The patient intended using the report as his evidence. 病人打算把这篇报道作为他的证据。 ③The book was intended to be a reference book. 这本书被确定为参考书籍。
④My mother intends to hold a party for father's birthday. But
she is busy with work, so she intends me to prepare for it. She
requested that all the activities and gifts should be intended for father. However, we all need to keep it secret, because father has no intention of holding birthday party. 妈妈打算为爸爸的生日举办一个聚会。但是她工作很忙，因此 她打算让我为聚会做准备。妈妈要求所有的活动和礼物都必须 是专门为爸爸所设计的。然而，我们大家都必须保密，因为爸
⑤It is intended that production will start at the end of the
month. 计划月底将开始生产。 3．concern n. 关心，担心 ①Air pollution has become a serious public concern in China. 在中国，空气污染已成为人们的重要忧虑。
(1)show concern about/for ... 对??表示关心/担心 (2)concern oneself with/about/for sth. 使某人关心某事 be concerned about/for 关心/担心??
be concerned with
as far as ... be concerned
②The UN shows great concern for Syrian people's welfare.
联合国十分关心叙利亚人民的幸福。 ③This story is concerned with a Russian family in the 19th century. 这个故事写的是19世纪的一个俄国家庭。
④ As far as I am concerned , educators should concern
themselves about the problems concerning the healthy growth of children. 在我看来，教育工作者应该关心与儿童健康成长有关的问题。
2．be fond of
3．suffer from 4．because of 5．a lack of 6．a huge amount of
遭受 由于 缺乏 大量的，许多的
7． bring sth. to the attention of sb.
8． in one's thirties
1．a huge amount of 大量的，许多的
[教材原句] Dickens always had a huge amount of energy.
狄更斯总是精力充沛。 ① The lady spends a small amount of time on travel. 这位女士每年只花很少的时间来旅行。
②The government invested a large amount of money on
many, a good/great many, much, quite a little, a
很多， a (large/good) number of, good/great deal of, a scores of, dozens of, a good few, quite a few large/huge amount of, large amounts of
a lot of, lots of, plenty of, some, most, a (large)
quantity of, large quantities of
[点津] a huge amount of常用于修饰不可数名词，其中
amount前的修饰词可为large，small 等。large amounts of 修
③Large amounts of time were wasted on playing computer.
2．bring sth. to the attention of sb. 使某人关注某事 [教材原句] However, it brought child poverty to the
attention of the public, and for this reason alone it is a very important novel.
这一点，这部小说的意义就非常重大。 ①The teachers brought the importance of healthy and balanced diet to the attention of the students. 老师们使学生们注意到均衡的健康饮食的重要性。
pay attention to
attract/draw one's attention
fix one's attention on
turn one's attention to
②People has turned their attention to the prevention of AIDS. 人们已把注意力转向艾滋病的预防。
③You should fix your attention on your study and pay more
attention to your study habit. 你应把注意力放在学习上并加倍注意自己的学习习惯。 ④The girl's red hair attracted our attention which made her look energetic.
Magwitch returns to England illegally,
having made a lot of money in Australia. 马格韦契偷偷回到英国，他在澳大利亚赚了很多钱。 [典例背诵] Having finished his homework, the boy
went out to play football.
Many people suffered from the effects of poor
nutrition and even starvation because of a lack of food, yet their welfare was of no concern to the taxpayers of London. 许多人由于缺乏食物而遭受着严重的营养不良，甚至挨饿， 然而他们的福利对伦敦的纳税人来说无关紧要。
The computers are of great help to our work.
Many people suffered from the effects of poor nutrition and
even starvation because of a lack of food, yet their welfare was of no concern to the taxpayers of London. 许多人由于缺乏食物而遭受着严重的营养不良，甚至挨饿， 然而他们的福利对伦敦的纳税人来说无关紧要。
(1)句中be of no concern属于“be of ＋ 抽象名词”的结构，
(2)“be of ＋ 抽象名词”可转化为相应的形容词。这类名词
有use, value, importance, help, benefit, interest, concern 等。 它们可用no, some, any, little, much, great 等修饰词。 ①The question is of great importance. 这个问题很重要。 ②The medicine is of no use to this disease. ＝ The medicine is useless to this disease.
＝ The medicine is not useful to this disease.
(3)“be of ＋ 抽象名词”没有相应的形容词形式，主要用 来表明主语的这类特征。这类名词有size, weight, height, length, age, type, quality等。 ③The products are of high quality.
④ We are of the same age. 我们两个年龄一样大。
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