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16高考非谓语动词易错题集锦


2016 高考英语非谓语动词易错题专稿 1. He looked around and caught a man ______ his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting 【答案与解析】 选 D。catch sb doing sth 意为“碰上某人在做某事”或“逮住某做某事” 。 2. When you’re learning to drive, _______ a good teacher makes a big difference. A. have B. having C. and have D. and having 【答案与解析】 选 B。这是一个含 when 引导时间状语从句的主从复合句,having a good teacher 在主句中 用作主语。 3. I felt it a great honour ______ to speak to you. A. to ask B. asking C. to be asked D. having asked 【答案与解析】 选 C。句中的 it 为形式宾语,不定式 to be asked to speak to you 为真正宾语,因“我”与 ask 为被动关系,故用被动式。 4. I would love _______ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone 【答案与解析】 选 B。like 和 love 后接不定式或动名词均可,但 would love / like 后只能接不定式,据此可 排除选项 C、D。表示过去未曾实现的愿望,其后要接不定式的完成式,即选 B。 5. Before you decide to leave your job, _______ the effect it will have on your family. A. consider B. considering C. to consider D. considered 【答案与解析】 选 A, before 引导的是时间状语从句, 填空句为主句, 而此主句为一祈使句, 故动词用原形。 其中 it will have ? 为修饰名词 the effect 的定语从句。

6. Robert is said _______ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying 【答案与解析】 选 A。根据句中的 studied 可知,他曾到国外留过学,也就是说“留学”这个动作已结束 并发生在谓语动作(is said)之前,故用完成式,即选 A。 7. It is said that in Australia there is more land than the government knows _______. A. it what to do with B. what to do it with C. what to do with it D. to do what with it 【答案与解析】 选 C。do with 与 what 连用可以表示“处置” 、 “放置” 、 “利用”等。如: What have you done with my umbrella? 你把我的雨伞放到哪 里去了? I don’t know what to do with this strange object. 我不知道这怪东西有什么用。 8. Anyone _______ bags, boxes, or whatever, was stopped by the police. A. seen carry B. seen carrying C. saw to carry D. saw carrying 【答案与解析】 选 B。 anyone seen carrying bags?为 anyone who was seen carrying bags 之省略, 其中过去分 词短语 seen carrying bags ? 用作定语修饰代词 anyone。 9. Mr Read made up his mind to devote all he had to _______ some schools for poor children. A. set up B. setting up C. have set up D. having set up 【答案与解析】 选 B。devote?to? 的意思是“把??贡献给??”或“致力于??” ,其中 to 是介词, 不是不定式符号,其后动词要用动名词。句中的 he had 为定语从句,用以修饰 all,注意 不将 had to 视为同一个语义结构。 10. The discovery of new evidence led to _______. A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief

C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught 【答案与解析】 选 C。lead to 意为“导致” ,其中的 to 是介词,不是不定式符号,若后接动词要用动名词。 由于逻辑主语 the thief 与 catch 为被动关系,故答案选 C。 11. She looks forward every spring to _______ the flower-lined garden. A. visit B. paying a visit C. walk in D. walking in 【答案与解析】 选 D。 look forward to 意为 “期盼” , 其中 to 是介词, 后接动词要用动名词。 注意不能选 B, 因为 pay a visit 不能带 the flower-lined garden 作宾语,假若在 paying a visit 后加上介词 to,则可选 B。 12. To test eggs, _______ them in a bowl of water: if they float they’re bad, if they sink they’re good. A. put B. putting C. to put D. to be putting 【答案与解析】 选 A。句首的 to test eggs 为目的状语,填空句为祈使句谓语,故要用动词原形。 13. “Where is David?” “He is upstairs ______ ready to go out.” A. to get B. getting C. to be getting D. having got 【答案与解析】 选 B。现在分词短语表伴随。 14. “Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day?” “________ enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up.” A. Get B. Getting C. To get D. to be getting 【答案与解析】 选 C。to get enough protein and nutrition 表目的。 15. He was reading his book, completely _______ to the world. A. lost

B. losing C. to lose D. to have lost 【答案与解析】 选 A。(be) lost to sth 为习语,意为“不再受某事物的影响” 、 “将某事物置之度外” 。 16. We looked everywhere for the keys, but they are nowhere _______. A. to find B. to have found C. to be found D. being found 【答案与解析】 选 C。因 keys 与 find 是被动关系。 17. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him _______. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not do 【答案与解析】 选 A。不定式的否定式总是将否定词 not 置于不定式符号 to 之前,而不能置于其后,同 时结合 tell sb (not) to do sth 这一结构可排除选项 C、D。当不定式的动词是前面已出现过 的相同的动词时,为避免重复,通常省略该不定式而只保留不定式符号 to。 18. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found _______ in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked 【答案与解析】 选 B。find 后可接现在分词(表示动作在进行)或过去分词(表被动关系)作宾语补足语,但是 不接不定式。另外,由于 he 与 smoke 是主动关系,故选 B。 19. Finding her car stolen, _______. A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searching thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help 【答案与解析】 选 D。 非谓语动词作状语时, 其逻辑主语就是句子主语。 比较四个选项, finding her car stolen 的逻辑主语显然是 she,而不是 a policeman, the area, it 等,故选 D。 20. ——How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers? ——The key ______ the problem is to meet the demand ______ by the customers.”

A. to solving, making B. to solving, made C. to solve, making D. to solve, made 【答案与解析】 选 B。the key to? 意为“??的关键” ,其中的 to 是介词,不是不定式符号,其后接动词 要用动名词。另一方面,名词 demand 与 make 是被动关系(make demands 提出要求),同 时根据句中的 by the customers,可确定答案选 B。


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