# 高中写作——图表类

Item
Food

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
65% 60% 48% 42% 35% 8% 3% 9% 5% 12%l 15% 17% 7% 8% 10%

clothing
Recreation Others Total

24% 26% 33% 35% 38% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

B 表示数据的大小或数量之间的差异 的柱状图（ bar chart / graph ）;

C 表示总体内部结构变化的扇形图 （ pie chart ）

（图表/数据）： table, chart, graph，figure（数据）… ； 动词： describe， tell, show, represent 常用句型： 1.The graph/chart/table above shows… 2. From the above graph/chart, it can be seen that... 3. As (正如) is shown in the graph, ... 4. It has been shown from the table that…

1.The number /rate has nearly _______ doubled （是．．．的两倍）, as against that of last year. 2.The number is five times as many as that of…. （是…的5倍) =The number is four times more than in…(比．．．多４倍)

Reasons:
1. The reason why/for …is that… 2. One may think of the change as a result of… 3. The change in … largely results _____ from the fact that… ４.This brings out the important fact that… ５. ….is the key factor (因素)in… ６. It is because of … ______ that …

generally 1. in a word ,/ in short,（简而言之） / _______ speaking（总的来说） 2. In summary, it is important… 3. From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion(得出结论）that… 4. Obviously/Apparently ___________（很明显地）, if we want to…, it is necessary… is no doubt that 毫无疑问) attention must be paid 5. There ___________________( to… 6. I suggest ______(建议)the government take effective measures to … 7.Personally ________, I think(就我来看) the “golden week” should remain, for…

[写作内容] 根据以上数据,写一篇短 文,包括以下内容: 1.调查时间,调查问题,以 及调查对象; 2.男女生在以明星为偶像 方面的差异; 3.”父母”在男女生偶像 中的排序差异; 4.男女生在以伟人为偶像 方面的异同; 5.你的偶像及理由。

a. Conclusion/fact/reason/your opinion? b.数据的表达?
Conclusion Last week，we did a survey among 2， 1.________ 600 students on “Who is your idol”. 2._____ The Fact survey shows that half of the girls choose film and TV stars as idols，while 48% of the boys favor sports stars. 3._____ Fact As the data shows， “parents” rank the second for the girls， but the fourth for the boys. 4._____ Fact However， the percentage of the boys choosing “great figures” is the same as that of the girls. 5.________ Your opinion As for myself， Thomas Edison is my idol， because his inventions have greatly changed our life.

： 实践演练

00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

[写作要求] 1. 只能使用5个句子表 达全部内容; 2. 标题 :Car Ownership in China。

Possible Version: As can be seen from the graph, great changes in car ownership have taken place in China in the past ten years. The number of private cars increased more than 5 times from nearly 3 million in 1999 to over 15 million in 2009. It’s mainly because the economy of China has developed so rapidly that many Chinese people want to own private cars. Besides, in modern society, many Chinese need a car to do business so as to save time. In my view, as the car ownership constantly increases year by year, a large number of social problems, such as traffic jams, will turn up in nearly every city throughout China.

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