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上海英语高考重要词汇(1)


高考高频词

Vocabulary A 1. abandon vt 放弃; 抛弃 give orders to ~ ship 下令弃船; ~ all hope 放弃一切希望 syn. desert / give up 2. ability n. a man of ~ / have the ~ to do sth 3. aboard adv 在船(飞机/车)上

go ~ / All ~.请上船/登机 prep 在船(飞机/车)上 be ~ the ship / the plane 4. about adv. be ~ to do I was ~ to leave when it began to rain. how / what ~ / set ~ doing = set out to do 5. abroad adv 国外 go ~ for further study / at home and abroad 国内外/ from home and abroad 来自海内外 6. absent adj absent friends 不在场的朋友 be ~ from ant be present at, absent-minded 心不在焉的 7. absence n 不在,缺席 during / in one’s ~ / after an absence of three months 在离开三个月之后 8. absorb vt 吸收; 接受 ~ heat / oxygen / water / knowledge/ one’s attention be ~ed in one’s book 埋头读书 9. abstract adj 抽象的 an ~ painting ant. concrete n. 摘要,梗概 an ~ of a lecture 10. accept v 接受;认可 ~ sth (as sth) ~ sb as one’s life-long companion 把…作为终身伴侣 an ~ed fact 公认的事实 acceptable adj 可接受的 be ~ to sb Is the proposal ~ to you? 11. access n 接近的机会;享用权 ~ to sth / sb have ~ to a good library, the president / The place is easy of ~. 路很容易走 Buses provide easy ~ to the place. 通路 the ~ (=way) to the house (in)accessible to the public 12. accompany vt a. 陪伴, 陪同 ~ sb to the police station b. 伴奏 Who’s going to ~ him on the piano? c. 伴随 be ~ied with / by Strong winds are often ~ied with heavy rain. 13. accomplish vt 实行; 完成 ~ a goal, one’s purpose, a task 达到目的, 完成任务 ~ nothing 一事无成 accomplish, work, perform wonders n. accomplishment 14. account vi 说明(原因等) ~ for sth His illness ~s for his absence./There is no ~ing for tastes.人各有所好。 占 ~ for 45 percent n. 帐户, 叙述 open an ~ with a bank / give me an ~ of sth on ~ of sth 因为/ on no ~ 决不可 / take ~ of sth; take sth into ~ = take sth into considerstion 考虑 15. accuse vt 指责 ~ sb of cheating, theft 谴责某人欺诈、控告某人偷窃 syn. charge sb with sth 16. accustomed adj. 适应了的; 习惯的 be /become / get / grow ~ (=used) to sth / doing 习惯于 17. achieve vt 完成, 实现; 达到, 得到 ~ success, one’s ambition, one’s purpose 获得成功 / 实现抱负 vi. I ~d only half of what I’d hoped to do. achievement [C] 成就; 成绩 make remarkable ~s 18. acquire vt 取得, 学到 ~ knowledge / skills / a good reputation ~ a good knowledge of English 19. act vi 行动; 做,做事; 表演 vt 扮演(角色) act on / upon 照…行动; 对…起作用 act as interpreter / catch sb in the act of doing sth 发现某人正在做… n. 行为, 动作; 法令; 条例 an act of kindness =a kind act action n take ~ / put a plan into ~ 将计划付诸实施 out of / in ~ (不)在运转 Actions speak louder than words. 20. active adj. be ~ in sth, take an ~ part in, live / lead a full and ~ life 21. adapt vt, vi (使) 适应, (使) 适合 adapt (oneself) to sth She ~ed (herself) to the climate. 适应新环境 ~ sth for sb 改编 books ~ed for the college students 22. add v. add to / add … to / add up / add up to n. addition in ~ / in ~ to 23. address n 演说,讲话; 地址; 住址; 通信处 make / deliver an ~ (=speech) vt 向…发表演说; 在(信封)上写姓名地址 ~ sb on the subject / the meeting / be ~ed to (us at ) our old home / ~ sb as 24. adequate adj. 足够的, 适当的 eat an ~ breakfast / The supply is not ~ to the demand / take ~ measures 25. adjust vt 调整,调节 ~ one’s watch / the focus of a camera v (使)适合 adjust (sth/oneself) to sth adj. adjustable n adjustment 26. admire sb for sth 赞赏, 钦佩 I admire him for his success in business. 27. admit vt 使…进入; 承认 admit sb into / to sth be ~ted to Fudan University / Each ticket admits two people to the party. admission n 准许进入; 入场费; 录用 admission (to/into sth) Admission free admit (to) sth / doing sth ~ one’s guilt, a mistake / ~ (to) being wrong / that I was wrong / having stolen the car 28. adopt vt 采纳; 通过, 批准; 收养 ~ an orphan/ adopted son / ~ a name 取名, a custom 随俗, an idea 29. advance v. 前进,向前移动,促进 advance two miles n. 前进; 进步 in advance (of sth) 预先; 事先 Let me know in ~. advanced adj 先进的 have ~ ideas / ~ classes 提高班 advancement [U] 进步 30. advantage [C] 优势 take ~ of sth / sb / to sb’s ~ 对某人有利 / have / gain / get / win an ~ over sb 胜过/

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高考高频词

have the ~ of sb 比某人强 / ~s and disadvantages of city life The disadvantages outweigh (超过) the ~s 31. advertise vt 为…做广告, 登广告 ~ a concert, a job, one’s house, a product, one’s services vi. ~ for a new secretary on TV / in a newspaper 刊登广告聘请 n. advertisement = advert / ad put an ~ on TV / in a newspaper for sb / sth 32. advise sth / doing sth / sb to do sth / sb on sth / sb against doing sth / that sb (should) do sth n. advice[U] a good piece of ~ / follow / take one’s ~ 33. affect vt. 影响;(在感情方面)打动, 震动 ~ one’s health / be affected /moved to tears; n. affection [U,C] 喜爱, 慈爱 have an affection (for/towards sb/sth) 34. afford vt. 提供, 买得起 (can, could / be able to) ~ sth / to do / sb to do ~ (to take) a taxi / the time, I can’t ~ to lose my job.舍不得丢掉这份工作 / ~ sb sth TV ~s (=offers) us pleasure. 35. afraid adj. be ~ of (doing) sth cf: be fraid to do sth 36. against prep. Are you for or ~ the plan? / ~ the law / ~ one’s will / ~ the current 逆水 lean against a tree/ protect plants against frost / stood out clearly against the snow 在雪的衬托下 37. agree v. ~ with a. ~ with sb, what sb days b. Your words must ~ ~ your actions. c.The food doesn’t ~ ~ me. ~ to the plan , suggestion / ~ on the date , price of sth / ~ to do sth 38. agreeable adj. be ~ to the ear, to the taste n. agreement arrive at / reach / come to an ~ 39. aggressive adj. She’ a good student. She’s always ~. / Boys are often more ~ than girls. 40. ahead of 在…前面; 胜过 be ~ of the age 在时代的前头 / ~ ~ time = ~ ~ schedule 提前 41. aid [U, C] 帮助; 辅助物 with the aid of a friend /go,come to one’s aid / in aid of / first ~ 急救 teaching aids / visual aids / hearing aid / vt 帮助 aid sb in doing / with sth / to do sth 42. aim vi. ~ at sb / sth a. He ~ed at the lion. b. He ~ed at becoming (=~ed to become) a doctor. vt. a. ~ one’s gun at sb / sth b. My remarks were not ~ed at (针对) you. n a. take ~ at = ~ at b. What’s your ~ in life? achieve / miss one’s ~ c.~ high 力争上游 43. alert adj 警觉的, 警惕的, 机警的 be ~ to sth an ~ listener, mind / be ~ to possible dangers vt 使警觉/ 警惕~ sb to sth ~ the staff to the crisis facing the company n. on the ~ (for /against sth) 44. alive adj catch , bury sb ~ / The lake is ~ with (=be full of) fish. / the greatest writer alive 45. allow vt. ~ sb to do / ~ doing I don’t ~ smoking / you to smoke. / ~ sb in / out / up ~ the patient up 46. almost (used before no, nobody, none, nothing, never) but, not / pretty nearly 47. alone adj. 仅仅; 单独的 adv. 单独地 leave / let … ~ let ~ 更不用说 Time ~ will tell. 日久自明。 48. alternative adj & n 供选择的; 抉择; 供选择的东西 find alternative means of transport / have no alternative (=choice) but to do 49. amaze vt 使惊异 be ~d at / by the change in his appearance / to do / that We were amazed / It amazed her that he was still alive. n. amazement look at at sb in ~ 50. ambition [U, C] filled with ~ to become famous, rich, powerful / realize / achieve /fulfill one's ~s 51. among prep ~ the last to leave / ~ the best students 52. amount n 数量; 总数; 总计; 共达 a large ~ of work, money v. ~ to sth / add up to / total sth 53. amuse vt. 逗乐,逗笑; 给…提供娱乐 be ~d at / by sth / We were ~d to learn that… n. amusement to one's ~ 54. analysis n. pl. analyses an ~ of the situation / through above ~ vt. analyze ~ a sentence 55. anger a burst of anger/ filled with anger at… / speak in anger / be angry with sb for (doing) sth 因做了…而生气 / be ~at, about 因...而生气 be ~ at, about the delay 56. announce vt. 宣布; 通告 ~ sth to sb / It is announced that… n. announcement announcer 57. annoy vt. 使烦恼; 打扰 be / get ~ed (with sb) (at / about sth); be ~ed to do / be ~ed that 58. annual adj. 每年的 ~ event, meeting, report, income / enjoy an ~ growth of 5 % n. 年刊 59. answer v. ~ (sb) back 反驳; 顶嘴 / ~ for 对…负责 / ~ the door 应门 / ~ the telephone n (~ to sb / sth) 回答,答复 / in answer (to sth) 作为回应 60. anxious adj. 焦虑的; 急切的; 渴望的 be ~ about ,for / be ~ to do / be ~ for sb to do / be ~ that… be ~ about one’s health / be ~ for one’s safety / too ~ to meet you / be ~ for you to succeed

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高考高频词

61. anyhow=anyway 无论如何; 不管怎样 Anyhow/Anyway, you can try. 至少你可以试试。 62. apart adv 分开; 分隔开 keep oneself ~ from other people / take sth ~ /tell, know A and B ~ apart from except for; in addition to (sth) 63. apologize vi. ~ to sb for sth = make an apology to sb for sth / say sorry to sb for sth 64. apparent adj. 显然的 = obvious be ~ to sb / It became apparent that she was going to die. 65. appeal vi a. ~ to sb for sth / to do sth ~ to sb for help / sb not to panic b. She ~ed to a higher court. c. ~ to sb = attract Football ~s to people of all ages. n. a. make an ~ to sb for sth b. reject one’s ~驳回上诉 c. The new fashion soon lost its ~. 66. appear vi 出现; 显得; 好像 appear + adj / appeared as if, though / ~ that… There ~s to have been a mistake = It ~s that there has been a mistake. Don't judge by appearances 勿以貌取人 67. appetite n (1) [U] stimulate one’s ~/ lose one’s ~/ have a good ~ [C] 欲望 have an ~ for sth 爱好 68. apply a. ~ for a job, post, passport b. apply what we have learned to future work c. apply sth to sth 涂 apply the glue to both surfaces n. application a. ~ (to sb)(for sth) 申请 make an ~ to sb for help / fill in an ~ form b. application (to sth) 应用 have important ~ in the field of medicine 69. appoint a. 任命 ~ sb sth, ~ sb to sth, ~ sb as / to be sth, ~ sb to do sth ~ sb mayor, ~ sb to the post of sales manager, ~ sb as / to be president of the club, ~ sb to act as secretary b.约定 ~ a time for the meeting / to meet, at the ~ed time n. appointment adj a. make an ~ with sb, have an ~ with sb, keep / break an ~ b.任命 pleased with the ~ of John as chairman of the Students’ Union 70. appreciate vt 欣赏; 感谢 ~ works of art / one’s timely help / hearing from you again / I’d ~ it very much if you’d … / ~ one’s kindness in doing sth / show appreciation of good music 对音乐有欣赏能力 express one’s appreciation of your services 真诚地感谢你的服务/ show one’s ~ for one’s help 71. approach v. 接近 The car is ~ing. / Christmas is ~ing. / find sb difficult to ~ n. easy / difficult of ~ 平易近人的 / 难于接近的 / a new approach to language teaching 方法 72. approve vt 批准; 赞成 ~ an anti-pollution law 批准反污染法 vi 赞成 ~ of the plan / I ~ of your trying to earn some money, but please don’t neglect your studies. n. approval ant. disapprove / approval 73. area n. a. 地区 mountainous ~ b. 领域 the ~ of finance c. 面积 cover an ~ of of 100square metres 74. argue vi. 争辩, 辩论 ~ with sb(about /over sth) ~ (for /against sth) / ~ that ~ for the right to strike / argue sb into / out of doing sth = persuade sb to do /not to do sth 75. arise (arose, arisen) vi. He arose (=rose)from his seat. A new problem / difficulty has arisen. 76. arouse vt. 唤醒 ~ sb from sth wake sb from sleep / 引起 arouse one’s interest / one’s enthusiasm 77. arrange vt 安排 ~ sth / ~ to do / ~ for sb to do / ~ that ~ marrage / ~ for sb to attend the meeting n. arrangement make ~ s for sth / make ~s to do / make ~s for sb to do sth 78. artificial adj. 人工的, 人造的; 仿真的 ~ flowers, light, pearl, smile, fibre cf: false ~ teeth / hair 79. ashamed adj. 惭愧的, 羞耻的; 难为情的 be ~ of sth / sb / oneself / be ~ to do sth / be ~ that… He felt ashamed of having done so little work./ I’m ashamed to ask for help. 80. ask v. ask for / ask about = inquire about / ask after sb 81. asleep adj. fall ~ / go to sleep / feel sleepy / be fast, sound ~ ant. be wide awake 82. aspect n. look at every ~ of the problem / positive and negetive ~s of city life 83. associate vt 结合在一起 ~A with B Red is ~d with danger. vi. ~ with sb 与…交往 n. association a. 联合,联盟 association football 英式足球 ~ football b. 协会 a women’s ~ 84. assemble v. All the students (were) ~d in the hall. 85. assess vt. 估价, 对…进行评估 / 评价 ~ the value of the house at $60,000 / ~ a school 86. assign vt. a. 布置/分配 ~ homework / a task to sb b. 指派/指定 ~ sb to do n. assignment 87. assist v. ~ sb in (doing) sth / ~ sb with sth / ~ sb to do sth n. assistance request ~ assistant 88. assume vt 假定 a. ~ a statement to be correct / It’s ~d that b. 承担 ~ office / a responsibility 89. assure vt 使(某人)相信 ~ sb of sth / ~ sb that I ~ you of his honesty / that he’s honest. cf: ensure 90. astonish vt. be ~ed at sth / to do sth / that cf: surprise / amaze / shock n. astonishment to one’s ~ 91. attach vt 连接; 使依附 ~ A to B ~ the wire to the radio / The school is ~ed to the Normal College.

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高考高频词

这所学校附属于该师范学院。 ~ importance to sth 重视, 认为….重要 vi 附属 92. attack vt. a. ~ the enemy / a city vi. ~ at dawn b.抨击 ~ government policy c. be ~ed with a disease d. 腐蚀 Acid ~s metal. n. make / launch an ~ on / upon 向发动进攻, heart ~ 心脏病突发 93. attempt vt 企图; 试图; 试图做 ~ an escape / to escape n. make an attempt to escape / at escaping Don’t ~ the impossible. 不要试图做不可能的事。 94. attend vi 专心; 照顾 ~ to sb /sth ~ to one’s work / ~ (to) the wounded vt 照看; 出席 ~ a ceremony 95. attention [U] 注意; 注意力 call sb’s ~ to sth 引起某人注意 / pay ~ to sth / catch sb’s ~, eye draw, attract one’s ~ / bring sth to sb’s ~ / give one’s ~ to / devote one’s ~ to /stand at ~ 96. attitude n. 态度; 看法 ~to / towards sth 97. attract vt. 吸引; 引起 ~ one’s attention, interest n. attraction tourist ~s adj. attractive 98. a large, small audience / an audience of 5 hundred 99. available adj. a. use all ~ means b. The book is ~ in any bookstore. c.The ticket is ~ for a week. d. if I am not ~ e. be ~ to sb This kind of imformation is ~ to you on the Internet. 100. avenge vt. 为…报仇 ~ one’s friend / oneself on sb 为自己向…报仇 She ~d herself on her father’s killers. 101. average adj. 中等的; 平等的; 平均的 n 平均; 平均数 an ~ student with an ~ intellect / of ~ height / (well) above / below average / on (the) average 102. avoid vt. ~ doing sth try to ~ making mistakes 103. await vt. = wait for ~ sb / one’s answer 104. awake adj. 醒着的 be wide, fully ~ / stay ~ / keep sb ~ / Are you fully awake to the danger you’re in? v. (awoke, awoken) 醒; 弄醒; 引起 ~ to sth 领悟到; 意识到 ~ to the dangers / the opportunities 105. awaken vt 唤醒 a. be ~ed by the frightening noise b. 使意识到 ~ sb to a sense of responsibility 醒来,叫/吵醒 wake (up) / waken / awake / awaken,但 awake / awaken 多用比喻, waken / awaken 多用被动, awake 主要用作形容词 106. award n. win /get the first ~ (= prize) vt. ~ sb sth (for sth) ~ sb a prize / a medal / a scholarship cf: reward sb with sth (for sth) 107. aware adj. be ~ of sth / that be ~ of the danger syn. be conscious of sth / that 108. awful adj. 非常的; 糟透了的 ~ weather / an ~ accident, experience adj. awfully ~ hot / sorry 109. awkward adj. an ~ boy / an ~ question / find oneself in an ~ situation 发现自己处于尴尬的局面 B 1. badly adv. 严重地; 厉害地 need, want ~ / ~ in need of repair/ badly off 潦倒 ant. be well off 2. balance n. keep, upset , destroy, disturb the ~ of nature / a well - ~d diet / keep one’s ~ / provide a ~ between work and play 3. barber n. at the ~’s / the tailor’s / the doctor’s / the butcher’s / the chemist’s / the dentist’s / my uncle’s 4. ban vt 禁止 ~ sth / ~ doing / ~ sb from (doing) sth ~ (= prohibit) sb from smoking = forbid sb to smoke n. ~ on sth / sb put a ban on the import of alcohol 5. bare adj. ~ hands / ~ feet / a ~ wall , hill 光秃秃山/ go out with one’s head ~ 不带帽 / a room ~ of furniture 6. bargain n. 特价商品; 交易 pick up good ~s / a bad, good bargain 吃亏的交易/上算的交易 vi 讨价还价 (with sb)(about /over /for sth) ~ about prices 7. barrier n. language ~ / a ~ (= obstacle) to success 8. basis n. (pl. bases) 基础; 前提 the economic ~ / on the basis of … 以…为基础,在…前提下 vt. base ~ sth on 9. bear vt. a. 忍受 ~ sth / to do / doing I can’t ~ the pain / to be laughed at / being laughed at. b. 承担 ~ a heavy burden / the cost / the expense / the responsibility c. 承受 The ice is too thin to ~ your weight. d. 标有 What ~s the Red Cross must never be attacked. e. 生育 His wife has borne (him) two children. f. bear / keep sth in mind

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高考高频词

10. beat v & n. ~ sb in the face, on the nose / ~ sb at chess 在棋上打败 / ~ about the bush 旁敲侧击 / feel my heart ~ fast / ~ the drum 打鼓 / No difficulty can ~ him. / ~ the record / ~ times 打拍子 11. before prep ~ long / long ~ / It will be, was + time before… cf: It …when / that / since 12. beg v. 乞求; 恳求 ~ from sb; ~for sth (from /of sb); beg sth of sb; ~ sb to do sth beg for money from passers-by / beg a favour of sb / beg sb not to take any risks / I beg your pardon / go ~ging / reduce sb to ~ging n. beggar 13. behave vi. ~ well, strangely, badly / ~ oneself / a well -~d child 14. begin v. ~ with Knowledge ~s with practice./ to ~ with 首先 / Well began is half done. 15. beginning n. at the ~ of / from the (very) ~ / from ~ to end 16. behind prep ~ the times 落后时代 / fall ~ others 落后于人/ leave ~ / stay ~ after school / ~ schedule / run out from ~ the door / close the door ~ you 随手关门 17. believe v. ~ it or not / ~ sb to be honest / ~ in sb / ~ one’s eyes / I ~ so, not / Seeing is ~ing. / It’s generally ~d that… n. belief have ~ in syn. believe in / trust (in) / have trust in 18. belt n. Fasten your seat / safty belt. 19. bend vt. 使弯曲 vi.弯曲 ~ the wire up, down, forward / bend one’s mind to sth 专心于某事物 / ~ down and pick it up / ~ over one’s desk n 弯曲; 弯角; (道路)转弯处 a slight, sharp, sudden ~ 20. benefit 有益于; 得益; 利益 v. = be beneficial to / do good to His advice ~ed us.=We ~ed from / by his advice. vi. ~ from / by n for the ~ of sb 为了…利益, be of ~ to (= be beneficial to ) the people 21. beneficial 有益的 be ~ to sth / sb 22. best do / try one’s best; hope for the best and prepare for the worst. 抱最好的希望,作最坏的打算。 / as best one can 尽力而为 / to the best of one’s ability, power 尽最大努力 / make the best of / to the best of one’s knowledge 尽自己所能知道的/ look one’s best / the ~ seller 23. bet vi & vt. 打赌 ~ on sth 对…打赌 ~ ($50) on the horse / He bet me ten dollars that John would come / on John’s coming. / 我敢肯定 I bet that (= I am sure) he won’t come. n. make a ~ on sth 24. better be better off 境况好转 / Better late than never. / for better (or) for worse 同甘共苦,祸福与共 / know better than to do 很明白(而不至于) You know better than to trust her. / had ~ / no ~ than 25. beyond adv 在更远处 prep. (空间) 在…的那一边; 远于; (时间)迟于; (范围) 超出 ~ compare / ~ praise / ~ sb’s power / ~ description / ~ repair 不能修理 / ~ hope 没有希望 / go ~ / The book is ~ me. 我看不懂. 26. bind (bound, bound) vt 使粘合; 捆绑; 束捆 ~ the soil / bind up a wound 包扎伤口 27. bird n. A ~ in the hand is worth two in the bush. / kill two ~s with one stone / a ~’s eye view 鸟瞰图, 全景 28. bit n a bit of / bit by bit / do one’s bit 尽自己的一份力量 / not a bit / quite a bit 29. bitterly adv. 难以忍受地 be ~ punished adj. bitter taste ~ / Bitter pills may have wholesome effect. 30. blame vt 责怪 (sb) be to blame He is to ~ for the failure. / blame sb for sth / blame sth on sb / Bad workmen often blame their tools. n. lay / put the blame on / upon sb for sth 把某事归咎于某人 31. blind adj. 失明的 be blind in the right eye / go blind / be blind to one’s faults / turn a ~ eye to sth No one is so ~ as those who will not see. vt.使失明 blind oneself in both eyes n. blindness 瞎 32. block n. a ~ of 一块 vt. 封堵, 阻止 The road is ~ed. / prevent the water pipe from being ~ed 33. bloom n. 开花 come into bloom / in (full) bloom vi. 开花 The roses ~ in spring. 34. blow v. ~ one’s hat off / ~ out a candle / ~ up the bridge / The bomb blew up. n. a heavy ~ to sb 35. board n. on ~ / go on ~ 上船(机/车) / go on ~ the train / notice ~ / ~ of directors 董事会 / a ~ing school 寄宿制学校 / a ~ing card 登记卡 36. boast v 自吹自擂 vt 有(引以为荣的事物) ~ (about /of sth); ~ that ~ about his children’s success / ~ of one’s learning n. make a ~ of one’s ability 37. book vt ~ a table / a seat / a room ~ a seat for tonight’s concert / The hotel is fully booked up.订满 38. bore vt. be ~d to death / be ~d with = be tired of / be sick of / be fed up with 39. born adj. be ~ in a poor family / be ~ of poor parents / a ~ singer / be ~ equal, a singer / No one is ~ wise. 40. bother vt. I’m sorry to ~ you / ~ sb to do sth / ~ sb with sth vi. Please don’t ~. / ~ about coming 为…费心 41. bottom n. from the ~ of one’s heart / at the ~ of the page, a hill / from top to ~ / ~ up / at ~ 内心里

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高考高频词

42. bow vi 鞠躬 ~to, before sb / ~ to sth 顺从 ~ to sb’s opinion, wishes / be ~ed with age n ~ and arrow 43. brain n. When we go to sleep, our ~ rests./ use your ~s / have good ~s 44. brand n 商标; 牌子; 烙印 a ~ name 商标名称 a ~ of wine / What ~ of soap powder do you use? vt 打烙印于; 把…铭刻 ~ sth on The experiences of his unhappy childhood are branded on his memory. 45. break vt 打破; 使碎裂; 损坏 vi 破裂 ~ away from 争脱; 脱离 / ~ down 失灵; 垮 / ~ in / ~ into ~ in on 打断 / ~ off 停止讲话 / ~ out / ~ through 突破 / ~ up 打碎; 解散 / ~ a record / ~ a rule, promise / ~ (= cure) sb of a habit n. 休息时间; 暂停 have a break / during breaks 46. breath n 呼吸 draw a deep ~ / fight to one’s last breath / catch one’s breath 歇口气 / hold one’s breath / out of breath / breathe in,out / breathe hard (or with difficulty) 47. breed n. a new ~ of sheep cf: species a ~ of bird 48. bribe n 贿赂 take, accept ~s / be offered a ~ of $500 vt 向…行贿 ~ sb with sth / ~ sb into doing 贿赂… 做 49. brief adj. 简单的, 短暂的 to be brief / in brief 简言之 / a brief conversation, discussion, visit, delay 50. brilliant adj. 灿烂的; 极聪明的 ~ sunshine / a ~ scientist / ~ achievements / have a ~mind 51. bring vt 带来 ~ the car to a stop / bring about 发生; 导致 / bring up 培养 / bring out 使某事物出现; 生产; 出版; 引出/ ~ us happiness / ~ sth to an end / ~ sth to mind, life 52. browse vi. ~ through 随便翻阅 53. a bunch of grapes, keys / a ~ of flowers cf: bundle a bundle of firewood / sticks / clothes 54. budget n a family,weekly ~ / my ~ for this week v. ~ for the coming year 55. build vt. ~ up one’s health, confidence 56. bump vi. ~ into sb 撞在某人身上; 巧遇 / ~ against the door 57. burden n. 负荷; 重负 bear, carry a heavy burden 挑重担 / a ~ to sb / relieve a ~ 减轻负担 vt. ~ sb with sth ~ sb with a family, a lot of work, heavy taxes 58. burst vi. 暴裂; 突然发出 ~ into laughter / tears = out laughing / crying n. a burst of anger / applause 59. bury vt 掩埋 ~ sth under the ground / ~ oneself in study 埋头学习/ be ~ied in thought / be buried alive 60. business n 商业; 生意 do, build up ~ with many countries / Business as uaual 照常营业 / have no ~ , right to do sth 无权做…/ mind one’s own ~ 少管闲事 / get down to ~ 言归正传 / on ~ 因公/ go out of business 破产 / drive sb out of business 使某人停业 C 1. calculate vt 计算; 估计 ~ the cost of sth, how much sth will cost / I ~ that …我估计 n. calculation / or 2. call v. n. ~ in a doctor / ~ for sth 需要/ ~ for sb 邀约 / ~ off a meeting / ~ sb up / ~ up memories of 回忆起…情景 / ~ sb back / ~ at sb’s house / ~ on sb / ~ on sb to do sth / ~ sb names 骂人 / ~ it a day 结束 3. calm adj 平静的; 镇静的 keep, stay calm in an emergency / a calm, cloudless day 无风无云的一天 vi. 平静 ~ down vt. 使平静 ~ sb down / ~ yourself n. After the storm came a ~. 风暴过后, 万籁俱寂 4. campus n. on ~ / live on ~ / ~ life 5. campaign n. 战役; 运动 the Huai Hai Campaign / a ~ against unclear weapons vi. ~ for/against sb / sth 6. can cannot…too, over, enough 无论…不嫌过份/ can’t (help) but do sth 不得不做 / can’t help doing sth 7. cancel vt. = call off ~ a meeting / The football match was ~led because of the heavy rain. 8. candidate n. 候选人,求职者 a ~ for the post / Two hundred ~s applied for the job. 9. capable adj. 有能力的 a capable woman / be capable of (doing) sth syn. be able to do 10. capture vt. 捕获; 占领; 俘虏 ~ an escaped prisoner / ~ a town / ~ one’s attention n. the ~ of a thief 11. care vi 关心;介意; 照顾,护理 ~ for 照顾; 喜欢, 想要 / ~ about 关心, 在乎 n. 照管;关心;关怀;小 心 take ~ of / take ~ to do, that 当心,小心 / in the care of sb 由某人负责; 由某人照管 / leave …in one’s ~ 12. careful adj. be ~ in speech 说话谨慎 / be ~ with your money, work / be ~ of 小心, 仔细 13. career n. follow a music ~, an academic, a business ~ / take up / pick up / choose sth as a ~ / a ~ diplomat cf: occupation / profession / post / position / trade by occupation / profession / trade

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高考高频词

14. carry vt 运载; 传送; 携带; 担负 ~ sth on 进行 / ~ on with sth, doing sth 继续(做某事) / ~ sth out 贯彻,执行(计划,命令) / ~ sth through 完成 / ~ diseases / ~ passengers / ~ messages / ~ truth 15. case n. a.事例,情况,实情 As is often the ~ with him, he’s too fond of alcohol. such being the ~ b. 案件 try a ~ c. 病例 two suspected / confirmed SARS ~s d. 万一 in ~ / in ~ of Take an umbrella in ~ of rain / in ~ it rains. / in ~ of fire, emergency e. in some / most / such ~s f. in this / that ~ g. in any ~ 无论如何 h. in no ~ 决不 In no ~ are you to leave your post. in the ~ of 就…而言 16. cash n 现金; 现款 pay in cash 用现金付款 / by credit card 用信用卡 17. cast (cast, cast) vt 扔; 投; 抛 ~, throw light on sth 阐明 / within a stone’s throw, cast of 离…很近 / ~ a shadow on sth 在…上投下影子 / ~ a vote 投票 18. casual adj. a ~ meeting 巧遇/ in ~ clothes 穿便衣 / a ~ sort of person 随便的人 / one’s ~ remark 满不经心的话 19. castle n. a ~ in the air 空中楼阁 20. catch vt 抓住; 捕捉; 赶上; (使)钩住 ~ sb by the arm / catch sb stealing, cheating / ~ 5 fish / ~ sb alive / ~ up with sb / ~ one’s attention, eye / ~ one’s breath 屏息 / ~ fire / ~ sight of / ~ hold of / / be caught in the rain / He caught his foot on a stone. 脚绊在…上 / ~ sb in the (very) act of doing / ~ one’s meaing vi 接住; 锁住 The lock won’t ~.琐不上 / Her dress caught on a nail. 钩在钉子上 21. cattle n. twenty head of ~ / The ~ are in the field. 22. cause vt. ~ sth / ~ sb sth / ~ sb to do sth ~ the accident / ~ sb trouble, inconvenience / ~ you to come here n. ~ and effect / without ~ / the ~ of education 教育事业 23. cease v. 停止 ~ sth / doing / to do ~ fire / ~ to exist 不再存在/ ~ talking / ~ to talk n. work on without ~ 24. ceremony n. at a special ceremony/ at the opening, closing, signing ceremony 25. certain adj. be ~ of sth / make ~ of sth / It’s ~ that / for ~ / a ~ teacher 26. certificate n 证书 a birth / marriage / death certificate cf: licence / diploma 27. chain n 链条 a chain of mountains 连绵的山/ a mountain chain 连绵的山脉 / ~ stores / ~ reactions / a chain of events 一系列的事件 / a ~ smoker 28. challenge n. 挑战 accept a ~ / issue(发出) a ~ vt 向…挑战 ~ sb to sth ~ sb to a contest 向某人提出挑战要求比赛 / ~ one’s statement 怀疑 / a challenging job 29. chance n. 机遇 chance of doing sth, to do sth, that 可能性 There’s little chance of meeting him. / by chance 偶然 / the chances are (that)…很可能 / take a chance, chances 冒险 30. change vt. ~ one’s mind / ~ into / ~ A for B 拿…换 n. bring about great ~s / for a ~ / small ~ 零钱 31. character n 个性; 文字 build (up) one’s character 培养品性 / train one’s ~ 培养性格 / a strong ~ 意志坚强 / be quite different in ~ 性格不同 / Chinese ~s 汉字 32. characteristic n 特征, 特性, 特色; the ~s of the present situation / What ~s distinguish A from B? adj. 特有的 It’s ~ of sb to do sth / that 33. charge n. a.主管,掌管 in ~ of / in the ~ of sb / take ~ of sth 控制,掌管 b. 费用 free of ~ vt. a. 索价 ~ sb (money) for (doing) sth b.充电 ~ a battery c.控告 ~ sb with sth = accuse sb of sth 34. chase v. n 追逐 ~ the thief / ~ the cat out of the kitchen / The criminal was caught after a car chase. 35. cheat vi. ~ at cards / cheat in the examination vt. cheat him out of his money 骗某人钱 / cheat her into marrying him 36. check v. 检查; 核对 ~ in at a hotel / ~ out of a hotel / ~ up n 检查; 支票 a ~,cheque for 10 dollars 37. cheer vt. a. 使…高兴 ~ sb b. 为…欢呼/喝彩 ~ one’s favorite team / the victory vi. ~ enthusiastically for sb cheer up a. Your visit ~ed up the sick man. b. He ~ed up at the news. n. a. Cheers drowned his voice. b. ~s = bottoms up adj cheerful in an especially ~ mood 38. chill n 寒冷; 着凉 There’s a ~ in the air. / catch a chill 着凉 adj. 冷的 a chill wind / a ~ welcome 39. choice n. make a ~ / have no ~ but to do vt. choose ~ out of, from,between / ~ to do / ~ sth as a career 40. circumstance n 情况,情形; 环境 adapt oneself to the new ~s / in, under the ~s / under, in no ~s 决不 41. civilization n 文化; 文明 the ~ of mankind / ancient ~ / spiritual, material ~ / enjoy a high level of ~

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高考高频词

42. civilize vt 使文明; 使开化 civilized society / behaviour 43. claim vt 认领; (根据权利)要求; 声称 ~ the watch / ~ to be / to do / that ~ to be the best player / to have discovered a cure for the disease / ~ responsibility for sth / claim for damages 要求损害赔偿金 / claim one’s money back 要求退款 44. classic n. enjoy reading ~s adj.经典的,一流的 a ~ novel / a ~ horse race cf: classical ~ music 45. classify vt 归类; 分类 be classified by, according to the subject / ~ people into type / classify… as 将…归类 be ~ied as poor 46. clear vt 清扫; 清除 ~ the streets of snow = ~ snow from the streets vi. ~ up a. The weather has ~ed up. b.消除,清除,澄清 ~ ~ the misunderstanding / a problem / the mystery 清除疑团 / an obstacle / the situation c.整理 ~ ~ the mess adj 清楚的, 畅通无阻的 The road is ~ (of obstacles). /make sth ~ / make it ~ that 47. clever adj. 聪明的; 灵巧的 be ~ at painting / a ~ boy / ~ fingers 48. climate n. 气候 a mild ~ / the present political ~ 49. coach n. 长途汽车, 教练 a ~ station / a football ~ vt.训练, 指导 ~ a football team / ~ sb in maths 50. coast n. on / off / along the ~ 51. close v. 关闭 The door won’t ~. 这门关不拢./ ~ one’s eyes / keep one’s eyes ~d (but. open) / close down adj. 临近的 close to / a ~ match 一场势均力敌的比赛 / as ~ to perfect as possible / ~ attention 密切注意 52. cloth n. a piece of ~ / Cloth is sold by the metre. / a table ~ / a dish ~ 53. clothing [U] (总称)衣服 a piece of ~ 一件衣物 / articles of ~ 各种服装和衣着用品 Everyone has to care for food, shelter and clothing. 衣食住 54. clothes n. many, these, some ~ / wash ~ / pack ~ in the trunk / a suit of ~ / put on, take off one’s ~ 55. collapse vi. 塌下; 崩溃 The roof ~d under the weight of the snow. / The man has ~d: call for the doctor. 56. combine vt 使结合; 使联合 vi 结合; 联合 ~ A with B to form C /A ~s with B to form C / combine theory with practice = apply theory to practice / put theory into practice 57. combined adj. 结合的 the ~ (=joint) efforts of men and machines / ~ operations / Success was achieved by the ~ efforts of the whole team. 全队齐心协力取得了胜利。 58. come vi. come up a. Another problem came up b. ~ ~ with a good idea / come about 发生/ comeacross = run across / run into / ~ to 共计,醒来 / come on 59. comfort vt. ~ sb n. turn to sb for ~ / live in ~ adj. comfortable make yourself ~ / live a ~ life 60. command vt. 命令; 指挥; 掌握 vt. a. = order ~ sb to do = ~ that sb (should) do b. ~ an army c. ~ a large vocabulary c. 博得 ~ respect 受到尊敬 n. 命令; 指挥; 掌握 a. carry out a ~ (=order) b. (sth) under one’s ~ = (sb) in ~ of sth c. have a good ~ of sth, have sth at one’s ~ 可自由使用, 支配 commander / editor-in-chief 61. comment n & v. make ~s on sth = ~ on sth 62. commit vt. 犯(错误/罪行),干(坏事) ~ a mistake, a crime / 委托 ~ sb to one’s care / 提交~ a matter to sb 63. committee n. 委员会 be on the ~ / The ~ are discussing the hot topic. 64. common adj. 普通的; 常见的; 共同的 ~ causes of accidents / a ~ disease /~ knowledge / ~ sense 常识 / ~ mistakes / ~ property / have sth, nothing in ~ (with sb / sth) (和)…有/没有共同点 / It’s ~ for sb to do sth. 65. communicate vi. 通讯; 交流 ~ with sb by letters / e-mail / telephone vt. ~ sth to sb ~ the news to me 66. communication n. 传播 Radio and television are important means of ~. 67. compare vt. 比较; 对照 ~ A with B / ~ A and B 与…相比 Compared with your flat, mine is small. compare A to B 把…比作 Man’s life is often ~d to a candle. 人生常被喻为蜡烛. beyond ~ 无可比拟 68. comparative adj. the ~ degree 比较级 adv. comparatively ~ speaking 69. comparison n. by comparison 比较起来, Your flat is big; mine is small ~ ~. in ~ with 同…比较 70. compete vi. ~ (with / against sb) for the prize / in a race n. competition World Cup C~ 71. complain vi ~ to sb about / of sth, ~ that 72. complaint n. make a ~ to sb about sth, a letter of ~ 投诉信 73. compliment n. 赞美 express ~s on sth vt. ~ sb on sth = praise sb for sth

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高考高频词

74. compose vt. a. be composed of b. ~ a piece of music / a poem n. composition 75. conceal vt ~ sth from sb syn. hide sth from sb 76. concentrate vi. ~ (one’s attention / mind / thought / efforts etc ) on sth. n. concentration 77. concern n. show ~ for sb 关心某人 vt. a. be ~ed about sth 关心,担心 b. be ~ed for one’s safety c. be ~ed with 与…有关 d. be ~ed in the affair 参与 e. as / so far as sb / sth is ~ed 就某人/ 某物来说 concerning prep = about 78. conclude v. ~ a speech , ~ / end ( sth) with, ~ that 79. conclusion n.form / draw / come to /arrive at / reach a ~, in ~ = lastly 最后 80. condition n. a. improve one’s living / working ~s b. (sb /sth) in good / poor ~ 状况好/ 坏等 81. c. in / under war / favorable ~s 在战争环境中/ 有利的条件下 d. on ~ that = if 82. conduct vt. a. 进行 ~ an experiment / a survey b. 指挥 ~ a band c. 传导 ~ electricity 83. confess vt. ~ (to) sth / doing sth, ~ sth to sb 向…坦白, ~ sb to be, ~ that ~ one’s crime/ having stolen the money, ~ oneself (to be) guilty vi. The suspect refused to ~. 84. confident a. be ~ of succeeding / that sb will succeed n. confidence have / lose ~ in, lack ~ 85. confirm vt. ~ one’s appointment / a report, two ~ed SARS cases 86. conflict vi. ~ with sth 与…有冲突 n. ~ between father and son, in ~ with 与…有冲突 87. confuse vt. ~ A with B, ~ black and white I am / get ~d. 88. congratulate vt ~ sb on sth / doing sth n. congratulation ~s on sth / doing sth 89. connect vt. ~ A with B 使…有联系/有关, ~ A to B 使…连接 n. connection 90. conquer vt. Man can ~ nature. 人定胜天 91. conscience n. have a clear / guilty ~ 92. conscious a. be ~ of sth / that syn. be aware of / that 93. consequence n. regardless of the ~s 不管后果, in / as a ~ (of sth ) = as a result (of sth) 94. consider vt. ~ sth / doing, ~ sb (as / to be) sth, ~ sb to do , ~ … adj / n , ~ it … to do, ~ that ~ going abroad / when to go, ~ sb (to be) a fool / foolish, He’s ~ed to have invented the computer. ~ it necessary to take action, all things ~ed, ~ing his age adj. considerate It’s ~ of sb to do consideration n. take sth into ~ / account = take account of sth, under ~ 95. considerate adj. It’s ~ of sb to do sth. be ~ of others 体谅别人 96. consist vi. ~ of = be made up of / be composed of, ~ in = lie in 在于 97. construction n. under ~, ~ site 建筑工地 vt. construct 98. consult vt. a.请教,咨询 ~ sb about sth ~ your doctor about your illness b. 查阅 ~ a dictionary for a word = look up a word in a dictionary vi. 商量 ~ with sb about sth 99. consume vt. a. 消耗,消费 The car ~d a lot of fuel. b. 吃完 ~ six eggs c. 喝光 ~ beer 100. contact vt. ~ sb n. make / come into ~ with, lose ~ with, be in / out of ~ with cf: touch get in ~ with, keep in ~ with, lose ~ with, be in / out of ~ with 101. content n. a. form and ~ 内容与形式 b.目录 pl. glance at the list of ~s 102. continue v. ~ doing / to do ~ to work / working = go on with one’s work / go on working, to be ~d 103. contrary n. on the ~ 相反地, ~ to sth ~ to what sb expects / sb’s expectation / the doctor’s orders 104. contract n. sign a ~ with sb, draw up 起草 / carry out a ~ 105. contrast n. by ~ 对比之下, in ~ with / to 与…形成对比 His white hair was in sharp ~ with his dark skin. 106. contribute vt. 捐助 ~ / donate money to sb = raise money for sb vi. a. 作出贡献 ~ greatly to science = make great contributions to science b. 促成 Does smoking ~ to lung cancer? 107. contribution n. a. 贡献 make ~s / a ~ to sth b. 捐助 the ~ of money to charity 108. control vt. be automatically ~led, ~ prices / birthrate / one’s feelings / oneself n. under ~, bring / get / have / keep sth under ~, (sb) lose ~ of sth = (sth) be out of ~, beyond ~ have no ~ over 控制不住, (sb) be in control of sth= (sth) be in the control of sb / in sb’s control 109. convenient adj. if it is ~ to sb, n. convenience at one’s ~ 在方便时, for ~ ’sake = for the aske of ~ 110. convey vt. ~ sth (to sb/ sp) a. 传达 ~ one’s meaning in words, ~ one’s feelings to the readers

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高考高频词

b. 运送 Your luggage will be ~ed from the airport to your hotel. 111. cooperate vi. ~ with sb in doing sth n. cooperation 112. cost vt. a. What / How much does it ~? b.使失去 ~ sb sth Carelessness ~ him the first prize. n. at all ~s 不惜任何代价, at the ~ / expense of 以…的代价, produce sth at a low ~ 113. count vt. a. ~ the number of people present vi. a. ~ from 1 to 100 b. ~ down 倒计时 c. ~ on / upon (依靠,指望) sb to do / for sth syn depend on / rely on / look to, adj. (un)countable ~ nouns countless ~ stars 114. courage n. lose ~, pick up one’s ~ 鼓起勇气 vt. encourage 115. course n. a. 过程 the ~ of history b.课程 take computer ~s c.一道菜 a 3 -~ dinner = a dinner of 3 ~s d. 航道/河的走向 off / on ~ (不)在航/轨道上 e. in / during the ~ of 在…期间 cf: in ~ of 正…在中 116. cover vt. a. be ~ed with snow b.走 ~ the distance c.看 ~ 200 pages d.占 ~ an area of 10 mu e.涉及 His research ~s a wide field. f. 包括 No dictionary can ~ all the English idioms. g.负担,支付 ~ all the cost n. read a book (through) from ~ to ~ 117. craft n. a. 手艺 learn a ~, craftsman b. 船 The harbor is full of craft ( but: boats), spacecraft 118. crash vi. a. The plane ~ed soon after it took off. b. The car ~ed into a tree. c. be ~ed to pieces n. a. fall to the ground with a loud ~ b. be killed in a plane / air / car ~ 119. crazy adj. be ~ about = be mad about football 120. create vt. ~ wealth / characters in a novel / an atmosphere / many jobs 提供许多就业机会 adj. creative n. creation / creativity 121. credit n. pay by ~ card / in cash / by the hour, buy sth on ~ 赊购东西 122. crsis n. pl. crises come to / reach a ~, an economic ~ 123. criticize vt. ~ sb for sth / doing sth n. criticism n. critic adj. critical 124. cruel adj. be ~ to sb, be hard on sb 对某人苛刻, be demanding of sb, be strict with sb / in sth 125. cry v. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 126. cultivate vt. a. ~ the soil b. ~ the flowers / plants c. ~ sb, ~ the habit of analysis / a love of art 127. cure vt. a. ~ sb of one’s illness b. ~ sb of one’s bad habit n. find a cure for a disease 128. curious a. be ~ about sth / to do sth / that n. curiosity 129. current adj. ~ affairs / events 时事, a ~ account 活期存款, the ~ issue of the magazine 130. cut vt. cut down a. ~ trees ~ in large numbers b.减少 ~ ~ one’s expenses cut off a. (通话)中断 b. 坎掉 c.断水,切断电源 cut in 插嘴 cut sth in half / into halves D 1. damage vt. ~ a car, Smoking ~s your health. ~ one’s reputation n. cause / do ~ to 2. danger n. in / out of ~, in time of ~, in the face of ~, a ~ to health adj. dangerous 3. dash n. a. 短跑 a 100-metre ~ b. ~ a writing system of dots and ~es c. make a ~ for 向…猛冲 4. dawn n. at ~ / midnight / midday / noon / dusk 黄昏/ nightfall / daybreak, work from ~ to dusk 5. deaf adj. be ~ in the left ear, turn a ~ ear to sth 对…置若罔闻 6. deal n. a great / good ~ of time, suffer a great ~ (= a lot), a great ~(= much / a lot) faster deal with a. how… ~ ~ = what … do with b. 对付 The man’s hard to ~ ~. c. 处理 ~ ~ the problem d. 论及 The next chapter ~s ~ verbs. e. ~ ~ the shop 和…做生意 7. debate vi. ~ (with sb) about / on sth n. have a ~ with sb 8. decay v. a. Sugar ~s your teeth. a ~ed tooth b. ~ing vegetables n. a. Salt preserves food from ~. b. the ~ of the tooth 9. deceive vt. ~ (=cheat) sb into doing sth 10. decide v. ~ to do / that / what to do / on sth / against doing n. decision make a ~ of this type, come to / arrive at / make / reach a ~ 11. declare vt. ~ the meeting open / closed = ~ the start of…, ~ sb guilty / innocent, ~ a war on sb, ~ peace, Do you have anything to ~? 12. decline v. a. ~ an offer / to answer b. His health is ~ing (=failing). n. a ~ in prices, on the ~

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高考高频词

13. deep adj. be ~ in thought / a book, ~ / far / late into the night n. depth 14. decrease vi. ~ in number, ~ to vt. ~ the number to n. on the ~ ant. on the increase 15. defeat vt. ~ sb / the enemy / one’s opponent n. suffer a ~, ~s and victories 16. defend vt. a. ~ / keep the goal b.~ one’s country, ~ oneself with a stick, ~ one’s rights ~ sb from danger, c. ~ the accused 为被告辩护 n defence 防御,保卫,辩护 in ~ of 17. define vt. ~ sth. as n. definition 18. degree n. a. graduate with a B S ~ b. 90 ~s centigrade c. to some ~(= extent) d. by ~s 渐渐地 19. delay vt. ~ sth / sb / doing sth The palne was~ed by fog. ~ answering your letter vi. Don’t ~. n. Do it without ~. a ~ of two hours 20. delicate adj. a. protect ~ silk from damage b. 精巧 a ~ instrument, a ~ figure 优美的姿态 21. delight vt. be ~ed at your success / to hear of your success / that you succeeded, be delighted with vi. ~ in teasing sb n. to one’s ~, take ~ in = ~ in 以…为乐 22. deliver vt. a. ~ a letter / the goods to your door b. ~ an address / a speech n. delivery 23. demand vt. a. ~ sth (of / from sb) ~ an apology from sb b & c. ~ to do / that sb (should) do ~ to be told the truth n. a. supply and ~ b. in great ~ c. meet one’s ~s adj. demanding undertake the ~ physical work, be ~ of sb 24. deny vt. ~ sth / sb sth (= ~ sth to sb) / doing / sb to be / that ~ one’s guilt / sb admission / telling me / that he had told me, ~ the story to be true, There is no denying the fact that… 25. depend vi. ~ on sb / sth to do sth / for sth, It all ~s. syn: rely on / count on / look to sb / sth adj. dependent be ~ on ant. be independent of 26. deposit vt. a. 使沉淀 ~ a layer of mud. b.储蓄,存放, 放置 ~ money in the bank, n. a. a thick ~ of mud b. 存款 a current / fixed ~ 活期/定期存款 27. depression n. a. in a state of ~ 处于忧郁的状态 b. a business ~萧条 vt. depress 28. describe vt. ~ sth / sb as ~ it as the worst / himself as a doctor n. n. description 29. desert vt. ~ a house / one’s wife and children, a ~ed street / wife syn. abandon 30. deserve vt. ~ sth / to do sth / doing (=to be done) ~ punishment / punishing / to be punished 31. design n. by ~ = on purpose vt. a. ~ a bridge b. be ~ed for / to do / as, books ~ed for adults 32. desire n. have little ~ for wealth / to get rich vt. ~ sth / to do / sb to do / that ~ happiness and health, ~ to meet them, ~ you to come / that you (should) come at once, leave much / nothing to be ~d, achieve the ~d / intended result 33. despair n. give up in ~, drive sb to ~ vi. ~ of sth 对…绝望 ~ of one’s future 34. desperate adj. a. become ~ at the future, make ~ efforts 拼命努力, in a ~ situation 35. despite prep. ~ (=in spite of) sth / doing / the fact that / what sb do sth. 36. destroy vt. ~ the house / all the evidence, ~ one’s hopes / career / reputation n. destruction 37. detail n. go into ~(s), explain sth in ~, for further ~s 38. determine v. ~ sth / to do / on / against / that, ~ the meaning of a word, a ~ing facter 决定因素 39. determined adj. be ~ to do / that I’m ~ed to go and nothing will stop me. n. determination 40. develop v. a. as science ~s, ~ heavy industry, a ~ed country b. 发育 mentally and physically c.开发 ~ (=exploit) natural resources d. 培养 ~ a hobby / a good attitude / a habit of saving e. 研制 ~ a new drug f. ~ a film 冲洗胶卷 n. development with the ~ of 41. devote vt. devote one’s time / energy / life / care / effort / oneself to (doing) sth, be devoted to (doing) sth n. devotion one’s ~ to sth / doing sth 42. die v. ~ of cancer / cold and hunger / grief, ~ from polluted air / the effects of acid rain ~ out = become extinct, ~ away The noise of the car ~d ~ in the distence. ~ down The wind ~d down. ~ a…death / dream a…dream / live a...life / sleep a…sleep / smile a…smile 43. diet n. be / go on a ~, put sb on a ~, have a light ~ / a well-balanced ~ 44. differ vi. A ~s from B in colour. = A is different from B in color. n. difference a. tell the ~ between A and B= tell / distinguish A from B = distinguish (between) A and B,

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高考高频词

tell them apart b. It makes no ~ to me whether you go or stay. c. mean all the ~ between life and death 45. difficulty n. have ~ (in) doing sth, come to / meet with a ~, overcome / get over / smooth away a ~ 46. digest vt. ~ food / the important points in the book vi. The food is easy to ~. 47. dine vi. ~ on fish and eggs, ~ out 48. dip vi. a. ~ into sth (liquid) b. ~ into a report 浏览, 稍加研究 49. direct vt. a. ~ sb to the station b. ~ traffic c. ~ (=order) sb to advance / that sb advance d. ~ a film adj. a ~ train adv. go / fly ~ to Beijing cf: directly n. direction a. in all ~s = in every ~, in the ~ of b. work under one’s~ c. pl. follow the ~s 50. disadvantage n at a ~ 处于不利地位, put sb at a ~, to one’s ~ 对…不利, the advantages and ~s of city life, the ~d 处于不利地位的人 ant advantage a. take ~ of b. gain / get / have an ~ over sb c. to one’s ~ d. have the ~ of good health 51. disagree vi. ~ with sb about / on sth 52. disagreeable adj. be ~ to 不合意 a ~ experience / person / mood, ~ weather 53. disappoint vt. be ~ed at / about one’s falure, be ~ed in / with sth / sb, be ~ed in / with my new dress , be ~ed to do / that, the ~ed expressions on the face n. disappointment to one’s ~, a ~ to sb 54. disapprove v. ~ (of) sth / doing sth ~ of the plan n. disapproval 55. disconcert vt. ~ one’s opponents, (sb) be ~ed / (sth) make sb ~ed 56. discourage v. a. Don’t be ~d.= Don’t lose heart. b. ~ sb from smoking cf: encourage sb to do 57. discuss vt. ~ sth with sb = talk sth over with sb n. discussion have a ~ on sth, under ~ 58. dislike vt. I dislike being spoken to like that. n. likes and dislikes 59. dismiss v. a. ~ the meeting, The class is ~ed. b. ~ doubts from one’s mind c. ~ sb from his post syn. fire / kick out / lay off 下岗 ant. hire / employ / take on 60. disobey vt. ~sb / sth ~one’s parents / one’s wish / order / the rule 61. disorder n. a. suffer from mental ~, relieve the symptoms of the ~s b. in ~ 混乱 adj. disorderly 62. display n. on ~ = on show vt. ~ its unique style 63. dissolve vi. Salt ~s in water. vt. ~ some sugar in the milk cf: melt 64. distance n. in the ~, at a / some ~, keep sb at a ~, at a ~ of 50 miles, from a ~ adj. distant a ~ relative 远亲, ~ control, be ~ towards sb 对…冷淡 65. distinguish vt. ~ A from B = ~ (between) A and B ~ / tell right from wrong distinguished a ~ed writer, be ~ed (= famous) for 66. distrust vt. ~ sb / one’s eys n. look upon / on … with ~ ant. trust ~ (in) sb = have ~ in / believe in / have belief in sb 67. disturb vt. a. Sorry to ~ (=bother) you. b. 扰乱 ~ the balance of nature / peace n. disturbance obviously annoyed by the ~ 68. divide vt. ~ sth into two / in half / into halves, ~ sth into two equal parts, 20 ~ed by 4 is 5. ~ed opinions 69. divorce vt. He ~ed his wife / was ~ed from his wife. n. end in ~, ask for a ~, Divorce is on the rise. 70. domestic adj. a. be worried about ~ troubles / problems b. ~ animals c. a ~ product, ~ news 71. dominant adj. a.占优势的,主要的 One hand is ~. b.支配的,统治的 the ~ child in the group, a ~ position 统治地位 c. be built in a ~ position 居高临下的位置 n. dominate 72. donate vt. ~ blood, ~ / contribute money to sb cf: raise money for sb n. donation ~ to sth 73. dot n. a white shirt with red ~s vt. Sign on the ~ted line. The sky is ~ted with stars. 74. double adj. a ~ room / bed, ~ what it was ten years ago vt. ~ the output / the speed vi. ~ up with pain / laughter 痛 / 笑得弯下身子 n. Ten is the ~ of five. mixed ~s 混合双打 75. doubt a. n & vt (肯) ~ whether /when /what etc I ~ whether it’s true. b. (否/疑) Do you ~ that he’ll keep his promise? There’s no ~ about it / that he’ll win. No ~ he did it. beyond / without ~ ● He’s very honest. I ~ that (= think it unlikely) he stole the money. 76. be down with a cold / a high fever

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高考高频词

77. download vt. Now that my computer is connected to the Internet, I can ~ software. 78. draft n. make a ~ for a speech, vt. ~ a speech / the first chapter 79. drain n. a. The ~ is blocked. b. a great ~ on one’s strength / income vt. ~ sb of sth 80. draw vt. ~ a lesson from the story, ~ money from a bank, ~ one’s attention to sth, Christmas is ~ing near. 81. dream n. dream a…dream v. ~ of / about doing sth 82. dress n. try on the ~, casual / formal ~ vi. ~ well / fashionably, ~ up as a ghost vt. too young to ~ himself, ~ a wound 包扎伤口, be ~ed in red (clothes) 83. drill vt. a. drill a hole / one’s teeth b. (机械性)操练 ~ the soldiers, ~ sb in grammar vi The soldiers are drilling. n. a. a dentist’s ~ b. ~s in grammar, soldiers at ~ 84. drip vi. Water is ~ping from the roof. n. the ~s from the wet unbrella cf: drop 85. drive v. ~ sb mad, ~ sb out of business 把…逼得做不成生意, ~ sb out of the country, ~ sb to despair, ~ (=force) sb to steal n. It’s an hour’s ~ / ride to the city. 86. drop vt. ~ the book down to me, ~ me at the next stop, ~ sb a line 给写短信 vi. The temperature ~ped suddenly. ~ in on sb / at sp n. a ~ in prices, ~ by ~ 一滴一滴 87. drown vt & vi Chances are that he was ~ed. b.淹没 Cheers ~ed his voice. a drowning child 88. drum n. beat the ~ 打鼓 89. due to [表语] His success was entirely due to hard work. 90. due adj. a. 应得的 He got his ~ reward. b. 应给的 The rent is ~ tomorrow. c. (船/车/讲座等应到/应开/ 应开始) The train is ~ (to leave / arrive) at six. 91. dusk n. at ~ ant. at dawn work from dawn to ~ (= from morning till night) 92. duty n. a. on / off ~ b. do / perform / carry out one’s ~ c. have no sense of ~ d. neglect one’s ~ e. It’s one’s ~ to do. f. the rights and ~ies of a citizen g. 税 a ~-free shop 免税商店 E 1. eager adj. be ~ for success / to succeed / for sb to succeed / that n. eagerness cf: be anxious for / about sth / to do / for sb to do / that be anxious for / about one’s safety, be anxious about one’s health, too anxious to leave long for sth / to do / for sb to do 2. eagerness n. in one’s ~ to draw quick profit from trees 3. ear n. turn a deaf ~ to sth, go in at one ~ and out at the other 4. earn vt. ~ one’s living = make a living, ~ money =make money, ~ fame 赢得名望, ~ many friends 5. earnest adj. an ~ student, make an ~ request for help, work in ~ 认真工作 6. ease n. a. with ~ =easily b. at ease (不拘束), feel at ~, put sb at ~, lead a life of ease 过舒适的生活 vt. ~ (= relieve) the pain / the traffic adj. easy take it / things ~ 别紧张, 别着急, 慢慢来 7. east n. in / on / to the ~ of Japan is to the ~ of China. adv. The house faces ~. 8. economy n. an ~ class adj. econimic ~ policy / crisis cf: economical an ~ person 9. educate vt. ~ sb to do, well-~d people n. education devote oneself to the cause of ~ adj. educational 10. effect n. cause and effect, sound effects, have effect on, bring sth into ~ 实施, come into ~ 生效, side ~, take ~ 开始实施/生效, the ~ of acid on metal 酸对金属得影响 adj. effective take ~ measures vt. affect a. ~ one’s health b. be deeply affected/ moved / touched n. affection have an ~ for children 11. efficient adj. an ~ secretary / machine, be ~ in one’s work adj. effectively perform much more ~ 12. effort n. make an ~ /make every ~ / make ~s (to do sth), spare no ~, without ~ 13. elaborate adj. an ~ design / plan 14. elect vt. be elected president of the Uinted States n. election 15. electric adj. an ~ light / fan / chock / current 电流 cf: electrical ~ equipment / appliances / power / engineer 16. elegant adj. a. 优美的 ~ clothes / manners b. 文雅的 an ~ woman c. an ~ style of writing 17. element n. a. 元素 rare ~s b. 要素,成分 Is money an ~ of happiness? 18. elementary adj. an ~ / a primary school, an ~ / intermediate / advanced class 基础 /中级 /提高班

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19. embarrass vt. find oneself in an ~ing situation n. embarrassment 20. emerge vi. The moon ~d / appeared from behind the cloud. b. 显露,发生 ~ as leader 21. emergency n. an ~ ward, ~ exit, in case of ~ / rain / fire 22. emphasis n. put / place / lay ~ on / upon sth, speak with ~ vt. emphasize adj. emphatic 23. employ vt. ~ sb as / to do sth, ~ (= use) one’s time better n. employment n. empoyer /ee, trainer/ee,interviewer/ee, examiner/ee 24. empty adj. be ~ of sth 没有…的 The street is ~ of traffic. ~ words / promise vt. ~ the house 25. enable vt. ~ sb to do sth syn. make it possible for sb to do sth adj. able be (un)able to do sth 26. encourage vt. ~ sb to do, ~ sb in study 在学习上鼓励某人 n. encouragement an ~ to sb 27. end vt. v. end up + prep (by / in / with etc) / doing / n / adj / adv a. ~ ~ by buying a book or magazine / in prison / in a fight / inside the lion / with the singing of the song b. ~ ~ gaining weight instead of losing c. ~ ~ one’s speech d. ~ ~ dead. but: end in failure n. come to an ~, bring sth to an ~, put an ~ to sth, from beginning to ~, at the ~ of, by the ~ of, in the ~, make (both) ~s meet 使收支平衡, at one’s wit’s ~ 智穷计尽, journey to the ~s of the earth, a means to an ~ 28. endure vt ~ pain / suffering / hardship / cold, ~ doing / to do sth I can’t ~ seeing / to see children suffer. vi. His fame will ~ (=last) forever. 29. endurance n.an ~ test, test one’s ~, cold ~, beyond / past ~ 忍无可忍地 30. energy n. a. full of ~, devote one’s ~ to sth, concentrate / focus (one’s ~) on sth b. electrical / solar / nuclear ~ adj. energetic vt. energize 31. engage vt. be engaged in (doing) sth 忙于做某事 The line is ~d / busy. b. be ~d to sb 和…订婚 vi. ~ in some sort of pghysical activities 从事 n. engagement 32. enhance vt. 增强,增加 ~ friendship / sense of discipline / its strength and competitive ability in the market 33. enjoy vt. ~ oneself / doing, ~ an annual growth of 5%, ~ a high reputation / good health / freedom of speech 34. enlarge vt. ~ one’s vocabulary, ~ a photo, ~ one’s views by reading 增长见识 n. enlargement the ~ of the business / a photo, the ~ of one’s mind 胸襟的开拓 35. enough adv. more than ~ = too much, far from ~, cannot…~ / over / too I cannot thank you ~. 36. enroll vt. ~ oneself in the army, ~ sb as a member of, ~ new student vi. ~ in a university 37. ensure n. ~ sth / sb sth / that ~ supply / safety / success, ~ sb a good night’s sleep, Ensure that all the lights are switched off at night. cf: assure / insure 38. enter for = sign up for an English contest n. entrance college ~ examination, ~ to the hall 39. entertain vt ~ sb with sth a. ~ a child with toys b. ~ sb with delicious food c. ~ sb to / at dinner n. entertainment a. be famous for its good ~ b. a place of ~ 40. entitle vt. a. 给权力 / 资格 ~ sb to do / to sth He was ~d to attend the meeting. ~ sb to one’s respect b. 冠名, 给称号 a book ~d “Harry Potter” 41. envy vt. ~ sb sth I ~ you your success / good luck / good health. n. look at …with ~, become the ~ of others, out of ~ 出于嫉妒, feel ~ at 42. equal adj. a. ~ pay for ~ work, divide sth into two ~ parts, of ~ weight b. be ~ to 等于 a). A is ~ to B. b) .be ~ to (doing) the task 胜任 syn. be fit for / qualified for / be up to vt. A ~s B = A is ~ to B 43. equip vt. a.配备 ~ sth / sb with sth be ~ped with modern machines, ~ the army with modern weapons b.准备 ~ sb for sth / to do be well ~ped (=prepared) for a new task, be ~ped to bring help and relief 44. equipment n. [u] electrical ~ cf: electrical appliances 45. equivalent adj. be ~ to ? 1 is ~ to (=is equal to) ? 14. Changing his job like that is ~ to giving him the sack. 46. error n. make / commit an ~ = make a mistake, in ~ = by mistake, by trial and ~ 不断摸索 47. escape vi a. ~ from prison, an ~d prisoner b. Gas is ~ing (=leaking) from the pipe. vt. narrowly ~ being punished, His name ~d me. ~ one’s attention / notice n. a. a narrow ~ b. an ~ of gas 48. especially adv He likes sports, ~ / particularly football. cf: specially I bought the cake ~ for his

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birthday. 49. essential adj. a. an ~ part of daily life, be ~ to 对…必要, It’~ that sb should do sth. b. ~ differences 50. establish vt. a. ~ a school, a long-~ed company, ~ friendly relations with a country b. ~…as / in 使…确立地位 /名声 Tea has ~ed itself as the national drink. ~ himself in the team 51. estimate vt. ~ sb / sth at / to be / clause I ~ her age at 35 / to be 35. Can you ~ its length / how long it is? 52. every adj ~ other day = ~ two days = every second day, ~ few days 53. evident adj be ~ to sb It’s ~ (to me) that he has no experience in the work. n. evidence 54. evil n. get rid of all social ~s, do ~s, Money is the root of all ~. adj. an ~ man, ~ news 55. exact adj. to be ~ = or rather 56. exam n. pass an ~, fail (in) an ~, sit for / take an ~ 参加考试, an ~ in physics examination = exam n. have a medical ~, a close ~, college / university entrance ~ 57. example n. for ~ / instance, follow one’s ~, set an ~ to sb, take … for ~, without ~ 没有先例 58. except prep. except = but, powerless to do anything ~ wait except / except for, except that / what / when a. We are all here ~ Tom. b. I like the car ~ for the colour. c. I know nothing about him ~ that he is an American / what you have told me. d. He is never late ~ when it rains (= ~ on rainy days). e. He never goes anywhere ~ to his office. f. look for it everywhere ~ in the bag 59. exchange vt. ~ gifts / greetings / experience, ~ A for B = replace A with B cf: substitute A for B n. the ~ rate, culture ~, in ~ for He gave me an apple in ~ for a knife. the Stock Exchange 60. excursion n. make / go on / take an ~ to sp 61. excuse vt. a. ~ sb for doing sth / doing sth Excuse me for coming late = Excuse my coming late. b. ~ sb from (doing) sth 允许不参加 ~ sb from (attending) the meeting n. make an ~ 62. exercise n. a. [c] do morning / eye ~s b. [u] take plenty of ~ 锻炼 63. exhaust vt. a. ~ one’s money / patient / strength b. The game ~ed me. I’m ~ed = I give out / I’m worn out / I’m tired out. He arrived there, exhausted. What an exhausting day! 64. exist vi. a. Does life ~ on the moon? b. We can’t ~ (=live) without food. ~ on rice and water 65. existence n. come into ~ = come into being, in ~ 现存的 66. exit n. emergency ~, make for the ~ as quickly as possible ant. entrance 67. expand v. a. 扩大 ~ one’s business, ~ further b. 展开 ~ one’s short stories into a novel c. 膨胀 Heat ~s metal. Metal ~s when heated 68. expect vt. ~ sb / sth / to do / sb to do sth / that a. 等待 ~ a friend / a letter b. 预计, 预料 ~ to be back next Monday, as (is) ~ed c. 期待, 期望 ~ sb to make great progress, Don’t ~ too much of him 对…期望太高. be ~ed to do You are ~ed to come here on time tomorrow. e. I ~ so / not. suppose / believe / hope / fear / guess / be afraid so / not n. expectation contrary to one’s ~ (= what sb ~ed), fall short of / not live up to sb’s ~s 辜负期望 69. expense n. regardless of the ~, spare no ~ 不惜费用, at the ~ (=cost) of one’s health, (all) ~s paid. 70. experience n a. [u] practical / teaching ~, lack / gain / get / learn from ~ b.[c] make such ~s possible vt. a. ~ great changes b. 体验到 ~ hardship / defeat adj. experienced an ~ doctor, be ~ in (doing) sth 71. experiment n. do / make / conduct / try / perform / carry out an ~ (on sb / in physics) vi. ~ on / with It’s cruel to ~ on animals. ~ with new methods. 72. expert adj. be ~ at / in / on sth. n. an ~ in / on / at sth 73. explain vt. ~ sth to sb, ~ sth in detail, ~ oneself n. explanation give an ~ for sth 74. explode vt. ~ a bomb vi. The firework ~d. the ~ing population, ~ with / in anger 大发脾气 adj. explosive n. explosion 75. exploit vt. a. 开发 ~ natural resources b. 利用 ~ solar energy c. 剥削 the ~ing / ~ed class 76. explore vt. ~ the unknown / nature vi. ~ for oil n. exploration

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77. export n. an import and ~ firm vt. ~ tea to Europe ant. import sth from 78. expose vt. ~ sb / sth to sth a. be exposed to English for 10 years, ~ sb to danger, b. leave one’s face ~d , ~d to radioactivity n. exposure ~ to sth 79. express n. send goods by ~ vt. ~ an opinion / one’s view / feelings / sympathy, ~ oneself n . expression a. read the ~ on one’ face / in one’s eyes b. new words and ~s 80. extend a. vi. (时间/空间)延伸 ~ eastward as far as the river, The hot weather extended into October vt. ~ the railway, ~ the deadline until the end of May b. ~ sth to sb ~ a warm welcome / thanks / a helping hand / regards / an invitaion to sb n. extension adj. extensive ~ reading 泛读 81. extent n. the ~ of the damage caused by sth, within the ~ of human knowledge, to some / what ~ 82. extinct adj. become ~ = die out n. extinction be threatened with ~ 83. extreme adj. a. 末端的 the ~ end of the pole b. 极端的 ~ views, in ~ danger n. go to ~s 走向极端 84. eye n. catch one’s ~, in the ~ of sb /sth 在/从…看来, keep an ~ on 照顾, look sb in the ~ 正视, turn a blind ~ to sth, fix one’s ~s on sth, with one’s ~s ~ed on sth F 1. face vt. a. 面向, 朝 The room ~s (to the) south. ~ the audience b. 面对 , 面临 one of the greatest problems ~ing mankind, be ~d with, find itself ~d with all kinds of problems c.正视,对付~ the fact / difficulty / reality n. a. in the ~ of danger b. ~ to ~ c. lose / save ~ d. to one’s ~ e. hit sb in the ~ f. look sb in the ~ 2. fact n. in (actual) ~ syn. as a matter of ~ / in reality / in effect 3. fail vi. a. ~ to do b. ~ in an exam = ~ to pass an exam c. His health / eyesight is ~ing =He is ~ing in health. vt. a. ~ a driving test b. My memory ~ed me./ Words ~ed me. cf: His name escaped me. n failure F~ is the mother of success. a power ~ 停电, a heart / an engine ~, end in ~, ~ to do sth 4. faint adj a. a ~ voice, His strength grew ~. b. ~ colors c. I haven’t the ~est idea. a ~ hope d. He felt ~ from lack of food. vi ~ from hunger 5. fair n. a book ~书展, a world ~ 世博会 cf: win the bid for the 2010 Expo, a charity ~ 义卖会 6. faith n have / lose ~ in sb / sth 7. fall vi ~ asleep / behind / ill, ~ in love with, ~ on a tool with a sharp point ~, His eye fell on me. Christmas ~s on Sunday this year. ~ short (of sth), ~ off 跌落, ~ to pieces 垮台,摔成碎片 n. a ~ in prices 8. false adj. true or ~, ~ teeth / hair cf: artificial ~ flowers / pearls synthetic ~ rubber / substances fake n That’s not a real diamond necklace, it’s just a ~. adj ~ fur / jewels 9. fame n. ill ~ 丑名, He quickly rose to ~ 出名. n. famous be ~ for / as 10. familiar adj (sb) be ~ with sth = (sth) be ~ to sb 11. fancy n. a.想象力 the novelist’s ~ b.幻想 I have a ~ that it’s going to rain. c. have a ~ for football 爱好 d. take a ~ to the girl / the house 迷恋, 喜欢上 vt. ~ doing sth 想不到做 Fancy meeting you here. 12. fantastic adj. a. ~ dreams / stories b.奇异的 ~ shapes c. You passed your test? Fantastic!了不起的 13. far ~ / deep / late into the night, by ~, so / thus ~, ~ (=much) better, ~ (=much) too hot 14. as far as as / so far as I know / can see / remember, as far as … is concerned, as far as the traffic lights 15. far from satisfactory / enough / perfect / finished / a fool / being failure / what sb expected 16. farewell adj. have / hold a ~ party n. wave ~ / goodbye to sb 17. fascinate vt. be ~d by / with sth 被…强烈吸引住 18. fashion n come into / be in ~, go out of / be out of ~, follow the latest ~ 19. fasten vt. ~ your seat / safety belt. ~ the door / the window vi. The door will not ~. 门闩不上。 20. fat adj. a. a ~ man b. 装得满满的 a ~ letter / wallet 21. fatal adj. a. receive a ~ wound b. 毁灭性的 be ~ to sth His illness was ~ to our plan. 使…落空 22. fault n find ~ with sb, a ~ in the electrical system, adj. faulty ~ electrical equipment 23. favour n. a. ask / beg a ~ of sb b. do sb a ~ = do a ~ for sb c. in ~ of a). 赞成 ~ ~ ~ the plan. b). in sb’s ~ 对…有利 vt. a. 偏爱 Our teacher ~s Mary. b. 对…有利 The weather ~ed our travel.

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c. 赞成,喜爱 Of the two plans, I ~ the first. adj. favorite / favorable 24. fear n for ~ of / that sb (should / might), in ~ (of sth) vt I ~ that vi. ~ for 25. feasible adj. a ~ plan / suggestion, It’s ~ to do sth 26. feature vt. ~ quality education. n. a. carry a section of “~s” b. 特征/点/色 the physical ~s of the U.S. c. pl. 容貌 a woman of delicate ~s 27. feed vt ~ sb on sth = ~ sth to sb, ~ the fire with wood 给…添加, ~ / live on sth, be fed up with 28. fertile adj. a. ~ land b. be ~ (=rich) in, ~ / rich / vivid / lively imagination 29. fetch vt. ~ (sb) the book, ~ (=collect) the child from school 30. fierce adj. a. ~ dogs / attacks / winds b. a ~ argument / competition 31. fight vt. ~ the enemy / a war, ~ one’s way out vi. ~ for /against / with n. ~ for / against 32. figure n. a. The table is round in ~. b. see the ~ of a ship on the horizon c. see a ~ in the distance d. 数字 e.人物 f. 体形,身段 hav a good ~, keep one’s ~ vi. ~ out a. 理解,明白 b. 计算出 33. fill vt be ~ed / crowded / packed with, ~ one’s teeth ,~ / satisfy / meet the needs / requirements vi. ~ in the blanks / an application form, ~ out a cheque 34. finance n. the Minister of Finance vt. ~ more school trips 35. financial adj. a. in ~ difficulties b. a ~ crisis, London is a ~ centre. 36. fine n pay a ~ / a bill / debts / taxes / rent vt. ~ sb $ 100 (for doing sth) 37. fire n. a. on ~, catch ~ b. set sth on ~= set ~ to sth c. open / cease ~ d. keep away from the ~ e. put out a ~ f. He who plays with ~ gets burned g. There’s no smoke without ~. h. A ~ broke out last night. vt. a. ~ a few shots at sb / sth b. Another mistake, and I’ll ~ you. c. 激发 ~ sb’s imagination 38. firm adj a ~ faith / belief / stand, as ~ as a rock, ~ muscles / ground n. an export ~ 39. fit v. The coat ~s you. The key ~s the lock. 适应 ~ in with the needs of the society, ~ on 装上,试穿 ~ handles on sth, ~ sth into the frame adj. be ~ for sth / to do sth, keep ~ / healthy 40. fix vt. a. ~ a watch b. 安装 ~ a lamp c. ~ a time for the meeting d. ~ one’s attention / eyes on 41. flame n. in ~s =on fire, burst into ~s / tears /laughter, ~s from the burning building 42. flexible adj. a. a ~ wire b. make a ~ plan, ~ working time 43. float vi. ~ in the air / on water, ~ around / away / down to where he is lying vt. ~ a balloon in the sky 44. flow vi. ~ into the sea n. a constant ~ of music, a steady ~ of traffic 45. focus v ~ (one’s attention / mind / thoughts) on, ~ the camera on n. in / out of ~焦距对准 /没对准 , the ~ of one’s attention / interest / trouble 46. fold vt. ~ a newspaper / a letter, ~ one’s arms, a folding chair / bed 47. follow vt. ~ed by sb, ~ sb (up / in / upstairs), ~ one’s advice / example / the fashion / directions, It ~s that 必然是…后果 vi as ~s 如下, in the days that ~ed / to come 48. forbid vt. ~ / ban / prohibit doing, ~ sb to do = ban / prohibit sb from doing, ~ sb wine 49. force n. the police /air ~, the ~s of nature / public opinion, by ~, come into ~ 上台,执政 vt ~ sb to do / into doing, ~ one’s way through the crowd, ~ the door open, ~ one’s idea upon others 50. foresee vt. ~ sth / clause ~ the trouble / future cf: predict an earthquake / that forecast the weather / clause 51. forgive vt. ~ sth / doing / sb (for doing), ~ sb sth I can’t ~ him his absence. syn. excuse 52. form n. a. ~ and content, in the ~ of, take the ~ of b. fill in / out a ~ vt ~ the habit of doing, ~ a conclusion 53. former adj. my ~ English teacher, one’s ~ colleague, her ~ husband, the ~…, the latter 54. forth adv. move / walk back and ~, and so ~, and so on and so ~ 55. fortune n. a. try one’s ~, by good ~, tell one’s ~ b. make a large ~ (from sth) adj. (un)fortunately 56. forward adv. look ~ to sth, backward(s) and ~(s), put the clock ~, put ~ a suggestion 57. foundation n. a. run the Nobel F~ b. lay a (solid) ~ for sth cf: fund trust ~, relief ~s 58. frank adj to be ~ (with you), frankly speaking, to tell (you) the truth 59. free adj a. ~ of charge b. set…~ c. be ~ of / from 不/没有/无 a place free of crowds and noise,

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be free from worry / care / hunger / pain d. be ~ to do 随心所欲做 vt. ~ sb from / of 60. freedom n. enjoy ~ of speech, fight for ~, a way of ~ from worry 61. freeze vi. ~ / be frozen to death, freezing point / weather, frozen food 62. fresh adj. in the ~ morning air, a ~ hand 一个新手, ~ water 淡水 63. frighten vt. ~ sb to death, ~ sb out of one’s wits, be ~ed to death / out of one’s wits by the ghost, ~ sb into / out of doing sth 吓唬某人做/ 不做, be ~ed of =be afraid of, be ~ed at 因…而害怕 64. fry vt. a. The eggs are ~ing in the pan. b. fried rice 炒饭 c. ~ the fish for dinner, fried chicken 65. fulfil(l) vt. a. 履行 ~ one’s promise / duty b. 实现 ~ one’s hope / one’s dream c.满足 ~ a desire / a requirement d. 完成 ~ the task assigned by sb 66. fun n. It’s ~ to do sth. What ~ it is to do sth! for ~, make ~ of stb 67. function n. the ~ of a heart, perform an important ~ vi It wasn’t ~ing well. ~ properly / stop ~ing ~ as 作…用 The sofa can ~ as / serve as / be used as a bed. 68. furnish vt. a. ~ a room with sth b. = supply ~ sb with food / food to sb n. furniture [u] a piece of ~ 69. further adj. ~ information / discussion / explanation, wait till ~ notice adv. inquire / look ~ into sth 70. future n. in ~ = from now on, in the (near / distant) ~, predict the ~, one’s ~ is uncertain G 1. gain n No pains, no ~s. regardless of personal ~ or loss, vt. ~ weight / 2 minutes a day / a battle / experience / access to / still greater success / speed vi. ~ from / by 2. gap n. a. go through a ~ in the fence b. fill the ~ c. the generation ~ d. the ~ between import and export 3. gather vi. ~ around sb vt. ~ information / materials 4. gaze vi ~ at sth 凝视 n fix one’s ~ on cf: gaze at stare at 盯着看 5. general adj. have / get a ~ idea of sth, in ~ 一般, 大体上 generally speaking 6. generation n. pass sth on from ~ to ~, ~ after ~, the coming / past ~, the ~ gap, 7. generous adj be ~ with one’s money / to sb / in giving help, It’s ~ of sb to do sth 8. gift n have a ~ / talent / genius for music, a man of many ~s, a ~ed / talented artist 9. give off steam / light give out a.分发 b. 发/放出 c. 精疲力竭/耗尽/用完 d.公布 It’s given out that give in a. 屈服/让步 He’d rather die than ~ in. ~ up smoking ~ away a.捐赠 ~ ~ all the money to sb b. 颁发 ~ ~ prizes at the meeting c.未抓住,断送 ~ ~ one’s chance of winning the game d. 泄露, 出卖 10. glance vi. ~ at one’s watch / sb shyly n at a ~ , at first ~, take a ~ at sth 11. glorious adj. die a ~ death n. glory win ~ / honour for sb 为…赢得光荣, return with ~ 凯旋而归 12. go round a 足够分配 There aren’t enough tool to ~ ~. b 顺便走访 ~ ~ to see sb c.参观访问, 饶道走 13. goal n a. reach a ~, fight for a common ~ b. keep / defend the ~ c. get / make / score / kick a ~ 14. graduate n. a law ~ = a ~ in law, a well-qualified ~ vi ~ from Oxford in physics / with a B.S. degree vt. ~1500 students n after / upon graduation 15. grasp n a. beyond / within one’s ~ b. have a good ~ / command of sth v a. ~ the rope cf: ~ at the rope, ~ sb by the arm, ~ a chance b. ~ the meaning / main idea / the spirit of 16. grateful adj. be ~ / thankful / obliged to sb for sth syn. owe thanks to sb for sth, extend thanks to sb show one’s appreciation for sth, appreciate sth, express one’s gratitude to sb for sth 17. gratitude n. express one’s ~ to sb for sth, out of ~ 出于感激 18. grave n. dig one’s own ~ adj. a ~ problem, as ~ as a judge 19. gravity n. a. realized the ~ of the situation b. the ~ of the earth 20. greedy adj. be ~ for sth be ~ for power / fame 21. grow vt ~ cotton / a beard vi. ~ from / into / up, ~ out of one’s clothes / a bad habit ~ old /quiet /rich / popular as a sport, ~ tired of 22. guarantee n sth with three years’ ~ vt. ~ sth (to sb) / to do / that be ~d for one year / to dilver within a week 23. guess v ~ wrong / right, ~ an answer, I ~ so. I ~ him to be about 30.

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24. guidance n under one’s ~ = under the ~ of sb 25. guilty adj declare sb ~, be ~ of murder 犯谋杀罪, have a ~ / clear conscience 问心有/无愧 H 1. habit n have / be in a / the ~ of doing sth, form / cultivate / acquire the ~ of 养成..的习惯, break / cure sb of a ~ 改掉某人的习惯, fall / get into a bad ~ / the ~ of, get out of a ~, H~ is the second nature. 2. hand vt ~ in 上交 ~ out 分发, ~ sth down, ~ sth over to sb 移交给某人, give sb a ~, shake ~s with sb 3. handle vt ~ food with dirty hands, ~ / deal with an awkward situation 处理一个尴尬的局面 vi. ~ with care 4. hang v a. a picture hung /~ing on the wall, ~ from the ceiling, ~ round / about 闲荡, ~ up ant. hold on / the line b. (~ed - ~ed) be ~ed for murder 5. harm vt ~ sb / the relations between, n. do sb ~ / good / wrong / a favour, do more ~ than good, He meant no ~.没有恶意 There is no ~ in doing sth. adj be harmful to 6. harvest n A timely snow promises a good ~. 瑞雪兆丰年. gather in the ~ vt. ~ / get in the crops 7. hate vt I ~ delays / to be delayed / being delayed. n hatred have a ~ for sb 8. have vt ~ trouble with sth /sb, ~ difficulty in doing , ~ sth done, won’t have sb doing 不允许某人做, have sb doing 让某人一直做某事, ~ sth to do with 9. head n eat / talk / smoke one’s ~ off 拼命…, hold one’s ~ high, 50 ~ of cattle, from ~ to foot vi. ~ for 前往 10. health n in poor /good ~, recover from one’s mental and physical ~, drink to one’s ~, build up one’s ~ keep sb healthy 11. heap n a. a ~ of stones b. a heap of = heaps of 许多 have a ~ of / ~s of work to do 12. hear vt. hear about / of, ~ from sb, hear sb / sth doing / do 13. heart n. lose ~, break one’s ~, with a light ~, learn sth by heart, from the bottom of one’s ~, heart and soul 全心全意地 14. heat vt sth is ~ed to a high temperature, a ~ed argument 激烈的讨论 15. help v. help sb out 帮助某人克服困难, help sb. with sth, cannot (help) but do =have to do, can’t ~ doing sth n. be of some help, with the help / aid of 16. helpful adj. be helpful for sb. to do sth., be help in doing sth. 在…是有用的 17. hesitate vi. ~ to do sth, ~ for long, He who ~s is lost. 18. hesitation n. without ~, a moment’s hesitation 19. hide v. ~ / conceal sth from sb, a hidden meaning 20. high adj. sing ~ praise for 高度称赞 adv. jump high 跳得高 cf: highly speak / think ~ of 21. highlight n. 最显著/精彩的部分 the ~ of the match vt. 突出, 强调 facts that ~ the need for change 22. hire n. bicycles on / for ~ vt ~ sb / take sb on ant fire / dismiss sb, kick sb out cf: rent 23. historical adj ~ people and events 历史的 cf: historic 历史上有重要意义的 a ~ city / spot 24. hit vt ~ sb ( on the head / in the stomach ), The typhoon ~ / struck the area. 25. hobby n. take up / develop / follow a hobby 26. hold v. hold out 提供/坚持, hold (sb / sth) up 延误/耽搁, hold back 阻挡/抑制, hold on 别挂断/坚持, hold on to sth 抓住, hold off 推迟/拖延 27. honest adj be ~ (with you), I think / believe her to be ~. n. honesty Honesty is the best policy. 28. honour n in ~ of, graduate with ~s, it is an honor to do sth. vt. ~ sb for sth 因…嘉奖某人 29. hope v. ~ to do / for sth / that ~ for the best and prepare for the worst n. There’s no ~ of (doing) sth 没有希望做 30. horizon n. a. 地平线 appear on the ~, above / below the ~ b. broaden one’s ~s / views 31. host n a ~ country vt ~ the visitors / the Olympic Games 32. humble adj. (地位等)低下, 卑贱的 a man of ~ birth 出身卑微的人, a ~ home 简陋的家, in my ~ opinion 依拙见 33. humour n a. have a / no sense of ~ b. 心情 in a good ~ / mood / temper, good / ill-~ed

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34. hunger n die of ~ / starve to death hungry go ~, be ~ for / after knowledge 渴望得到… 35. hunt vt ~ wild animals / an escaped criminal 追捕,猎捕 vi go ~ing, ~ for a job 寻找工作 36. hurry n. v. hurry to do, hurry up, in a hurry 37. hurt vi My foot still ~s. vt. ~ one’s foot, He’s more frightened than hurt. ~ one’s feelings 伤…感情 I 1. idea n have some / no ~ of, get a general ~ of, come up with an idea 想到一个主意 2. identify vt ~ one’s umbrella / the criminal with the help of the DNA technology n. identification 3. ignorant adj. be ignorant of / that 对…无知 n. ignorance be in ~ of 4. ignore vt ~ sb / one’s advice / personal danger / the importance of breakfast cf: neglect 5. illustrate vt 用图或例子说明 ~ one’s point / talk , a book with pictures n. illustration 6. image n improve / hurt one’s ~, the (very ) ~ of sb, 很象某人 7. imagine vt ~ (doing) sth / sb as / to be 设想某人是/ that , ~ living on the moon, ~ yourself to be rich 8. immediate adj. take ~ action, an ~ success / reply, in the ~ / near / distant future 9. impact n make / have an ~ on 对某人有影响 syn. have an effect / influence on 10. impatient adj be ~ with sb, be ~ to do sth 11. implement n new types of farm ~s, household ~s cf: tool / instrument 12. implication n What’s the ~ of the word = What does the word imply ? vt. imply 13. import n an ~ and export firm, the ~ of food from abroad vt ~ sth from / into ant. export 14. impress vt. What ~ed sb most was, be ~ed by / with 被…感动, ~ sb with sth = ~ sth on sb, ~ sth on one’s mind / memory 把…铭记在脑海中 15. impression n leave / make an ~ on sb, give sb an ~, have / be under the ~ that, What’s your impression of..? 16. improve vt. ~ one’s English / one’s living conditions vi. His health is ~ing.= He is ~ing in health. n. improvement n. make ~(s) in sth, an ~ on the old one 17. inaccessible adj an ~ place, be ~ to sb / a vehicle 难以到达/进入的 a building ~ to the public 18. include vt. The price ~s the tax. ~ing me (=me ~d), be ~d in the bill cf: contain / involve / hold 19. inconvenient adj If it isn’t ~ to you = If it is convenient to you n. inconvenience 20. increase vt ~ speed / the price / profits / efficiency / production / one’s weight vi. ~ in / from…to n. with the ~ of population, on the ~ / rise 在增长着 ant on the decrease / decline 21. independent adj be ~ of, ant. be dependent on, depend on n. independence 22. indicate vt a. (用手势/目光/标志)表示/表明 the way ~s the way to go. b. Research ~s / shows that 23. individual adj each ~ person, ~ attention / differences cf: personal / private 24. industrialize vt highly ~d areas n. industry 工业; 勤奋 heavy~ , praise sb for one’s ~. 25. inevitable adj an ~ disaster, It is ~ that… 26. infer vt. What can you ~ from the story? 27. infect vt be ~ed with the flu, ~ sb with one’s enthusiasm 28. influence vt ~ sb / sth n have ~ on / upon, under the ~ of, have ~ over 有左右…力量 29. influential adj be ~ in reaching a decision, an ~ newspaper / writer 30. inform vt. ~ sb of / about sth / that, keep sb ~ed (of sth) n. information gain ~ about / on sth 31. inherit vt ~ sth from sb, ~ a large fortune from one’s uncle 32. initial adj the ~ letter of a word 首字母 33. inject vt inject penicillin into sb = ~ sb with penicillin n. injection give sb an ~ of, 34. injure vt (sb) be ~d in an accident, ~ one’s health / reputation n. injury ~ to sth /sb 35. innocent adj a. an ~ victim, ~ / guilty of a crime b. as ~ as an new born infant 36. inquire vi ~ / ask about= make inquires about, ~ after sb 问候, ~ / look into sth 调查 37. insist v. ~ on doing sth / that 坚持做某事 cf: persevere in / persist in / stick to / hold out 38. inspect vt a. one’s baggage/an object for fingerprints b. ~ a factory c. ~ an army 39. install vt ~ audio-visual aids / a telephone 40. instant n. the ~ = the moment, the minute, as soon as, hardly / scarcely / barely / rarely…when

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no sooner…than adj. ~ coffee / noodle, a patient in ~ need of first aid 41. interval n at ( regular) ~s 每隔一段时间(距离) 42. instinct n a. Birds learn to fly by ~. b. have an ~ for c. act on ~ 凭直觉行动 43. instruct vt ~ sb in maths / teach sb maths, ~ sb where to go, ~ sb to do sth, 44. instruction n a. follow the ~s / directions, give ~s to do sth b. give ~ in English 45. insult vt ~ sb, an ~ing remark n an ~ to sb / sth, add ~ to injury 雪上加霜 46. insurance n fire / life / household / personal ~, an ~ company, an ~ against theft vt. insure 47. intellect n an average student with an average ~ / intelligence 中等智力的普通学生 48. intend vt a. ~ to do, ~ sb/ sth to do Objective tests are ~ed to deal with facts. be intended for books ~ed for children 49. intention n. ~ of doing sth / that I’ve no ~ of changing my mind. 50. interest n. show / have / take / feel / find ~ in, lose ~ in vt. be / become ~ed in 51. interpret vt. 理解,解释,口译 ~ one’s remark as a threat syn translate n. interpretation, interpreter 52. interrupt vt. ~ sb /one’s speech / traffic 53. interview n ask for an ~, sign up for an ~ with sb vt. ~ sb about sth 采访, ~ sb for a job 54. introduce vt ~ oneself /A to B, ~ sth (from…) into 55. invade vt ~ a country with a large army, ~ one’s rights 56. invent vt a. ~ the telephone b. ~ a name / an excuse 编造, the invention of radio 57. invest vt ~ $ 1000 in trade vi ~ heavily in sth, make an investment of $1000 in sth 58. investigate vt ~ the crime / the cause of the accident vi. ~ / look / inquire into sth . 59. invisible adj Air is ~ to us 60. invitation n a letter of ~, extend an ~ to sb vt. invite vt ~ sb to sth / to do sth 61. involve vt a. cover activities involving both hands b. The exploration ~s danger. c. The job ~s my / me living in London. d. ~ sb in the quarrel, be / get ~d in trouble / the crime 62. iron n an electric ~, Strike while the ~ is hot. 趁热打铁。 63. isolate vt be ~d from others, an ~d patient, feel ~d without friends cf: separate 64. issue n a. raise a new ~ b. buy new stamps on the day of ~ c. the July ~ of the magazine vt. a. Newspapers are ~ed every day. b. ~ a set of stamps c. ~ an order J 1. jam vt. be ~med in a crowded bus n be caught in a traffic ~ 遇到交通堵塞 2. jealous adj. be ~ of sb / one’s success 3. join v. ~ sb / a queue / row, ~ sb in doing sth, ~ in = participate in, ~ the army / the club, be ~ed to 连接 4. joint n. finger ~ adj. a ~ effort, a ~ venture 合资企业 5. joke n play a ~ / trick on sb, a practical ~, make a ~ about = ~ about 拿…开玩笑 vi. ~ with sb about sth 6. journey n make / go on / be on / take a ~ to sp 去某地旅行 vi ~ to the ends of the earth 7. judge vt ~ sb /sth, sb + adj , sb to be , ~ it + adj to do, ~ that ~ a man by his appearance, ~ sb (to be) guilty vi. Judging from…, as far as I can ~ n. judgment pass ~ on 8. jump vi ~ with joy vt. ~the queue n high ~ 9. junior adj be ~ to sb by 2 years, ~ / senior / superior / inferior to 10. jury n. a. be on the ~ b. The ~ will announce the winners of the contest. K 1. keen adj be ~ on /to do /that a. be ~ on football b. ~ eyes, a ~ sense of smell, a ~ observer c. a ~ sense of responsibility 2. keep v ~ sb waiting / informed of, ~ the door open, ~ away (sb /sth) from, ~ back tears, ~ sb in bed, ~ off the grass, ~ down the expenses, ~ out (of sth), ~ to the point / the left, ~ up sb’s courage, ~ in touch with vi. The fish won’t ~ long.

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3. key n. ~ to the door / exercise / success / developing a country, keep…under lock and ~ adj. ~ schools / ~ facters 4. kill vt ~ time, ~ oneself / commit suicide / take one’s own life, ~ two birds with one stone cf: murder / assassinate 暗杀 5. kind adj be so ~ as / ~ enough to do n. the longest bridge of its ~, ~ of tired 有点疲劳 6. knee n go / be (down) on his ~s kneel vi. ~ down 7. knock v. ~ sb down, ~ down an old house / the prices, ~ at the door / on the window 8. know v. I ~ him to be honest. ~ sb by name / by sight, be known to sb / for / as, ~ better than to do 很清楚不至于无知到做某事, ~ about / of 9. knowledge n acquire / obtain ~, to (the best of )one’s ~ 就某人所知, be knowledgeable about L 1. lack n make up for one’s ~ of sth, for / by / from / through ~ of 由于缺乏 vt. ~ sth / sb adj. lacking be lacking in 缺乏 2. last adj the ~ to come, the ~ time I saw him, the ~ thing sb wants to do 最不愿意做的事, at (long) ~ 最后, ~ but not least, ~ but one / two vi It won’t ~ long ~ing friendship 3. latter adj. the ~ half of the year, the former…the ~ 4. laugh vi ~ at sb, He who laughs ~ laughs best. burst out ~ing / crying = burst into laughter / tears 5. launch vt ~ a satellite into space, ~ a ship from shipyard, ~ / make an attack on sb 6. lay vt. ~ / put stress / emphasis on, ~ a solid foundation for sth / of a house, ~ the blame on sb, ~ down 7. lead vt. ~ the way, ~ sb + prep /adv ~ sb across the street, ~ sb to do 导致…做, ~ / live a …life, Led by the Party vi. lead to All roads ~ to Rome. Hard work ~s to success. 8. leadership n. under the ~ of the Party = led by the Party 9. leak vi The ship ~s. vt ~ the news to sb n a ~ in the roof / pipe, a gas ~ 10. lean vi. ~ against the wall, ~ on the desk, ~ on sb for help / to do sth 依靠, ~ forward / back 向前/后仰 11. leap vi. 跳跃 ~ from the horse, Look before you ~. vt ~ a wall n a ~ in prices 12. leave vt ~ (A) for B, ~ the door open, ~ sth to sb, ~ sth with sb, ~ much to be desired 有待于改进, ~ sb doing, ~ …alone n. ask for (sick / business) leave, take ~ (of sb), take French ~, on ~ 13. leisure adj in one’s ~ time / hours = in one’s spare time n at one’s ~, at ~ = free 14. length n at arm’s ~, go to any / great ~s to do, at ~ a. 详尽地 b. 最后 15. licence n a driver’s / driving ~, a ~ to practise as a doctor 16. let vt. a. vt. be ~ go by the police, ~ the rope go = ~ go of the rope, ~ sb /sth be, ~ sb alone, ~ alone = not to mention / to say nothing of 更不用说, ~ sb down, ~ sb in / out 17. liberty n. give sb a lot of ~ (=freedom), be at ~ to do= be free to do 自由/ 随便做, set sb at ~ = set sb free 18. lie v. ~ still, ~ awake, ~ in, ~ down to have a rest n. tell a ~ 19. lift n give sb a ~ / ride, by ~ vt. ~ one’s spirits, ~ the stone only to drop it on one’s own feet 20. light v. a ~ed candle, It’s time to ~ up. His eyes lit up with joy. n. come to ~ 显露, in (the) ~ of sth 根据 21. limit n. speed / time ~. There is no ~ to serving the people. within / without ~, set a ~ to sth 对…限制 vt ~ sth to ~ one’s holidays to 2 weeks a year 22. line n. wait in a ~, hold the ~, The ~ is engaged. read between the ~s, drop sb a ~, sign on the dotted ~ vi. ~ up =queue up 23. link vt ~ A with B, ~ A and B together, ~ up (with sb / sth) n. serve to strengthen the ~s with a country 24. list n make a ~ of, a name / shopping ~ , stand first on the ~名列第一 vt. ~ the reasons, as ~ed above 25. little adj. ~ by ~, not a ~ = much, a ~, think ~ of sth, Little did he realize that he was seriously ill. 26. live v. ~ a …life, ~ on sth, ~ up to one’s expectation, ~ through the night adj. a ~ broadcast, a ~ fish / wire, ~ coals cf : alive / living / lively 27. load vt. ~ a truck with bricks = ~ bricks onto a truck, ~ sth into 把…装入 ~ a film into a camera

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n. bear a heavy ~ / burden (on one’s shoulders), take a ~ / weight off one’s mind 28. locate vt. ~ the city on the map, ~ the factory near our school, be ~d in / on / by…位于 n. location 29. long vi ~ for sth / to do / for sb to do, before ~, ~ before, as / so ~ as, no longer 30. look v. ~ up to sb as one’s teacher , ~ up for pickpockets ~ over the papers, ~ down upon / on sb, ~ to(=depend on) sb for sth / to do sth , ~ back on / upon one’s childhood, ~ through, ~ on, ~ on…as 31. loss n. suffer heavy ~s, at a ~ what to say / for words, sell sth at a ~ / profit 亏本/盈利出售, gains or ~es, a great ~ to sb 32. lower vt. ~ a flag / price / one’s voice, ~ oneself 失身份 33. loyalty n. have a ~ to the party adj. loyal be loyal to sb. 34. luck n. try one’s ~ / fortune (at sth) , by ~, I wish you good ~= Good ~ to you. 35. luxury n. lead / live a life of ~, live in ~, a ~ / luxurious hotel, spend money on ~ries M 1. machinery n. Much ~ has been installed., be equipped with new ~ / machines 2. mad adj. be ~ / wild /crazy with joy / excitement, be ~ about football, go ~ , drive sb ~ 3. maintain vt. a. ~ the speed / prices / friendly relations with, ~ law and order b. ~ the house / road / car 4. major vi. major in adj. ~ industry / sports events / repairs , ~ subjects n. a history ~ 5. majority n. the ~ of people (= most people) cf: the ~ of the people, in the ~ 占多数 adj. major ant. minority adj. minor a ~ road, ~repairs / injuries 6. make for the door 走向门, syn. head for 7. make out a. ~ ~ one’s handwriting 辨认出笔迹 b. ~ ~ the meaning of the passage 明白 8. make up a. ~ ~ for the lost time b. ~ ~ an excuse / a story c. Ten doctors ~ ~ the team = The team is made up of … d. ~ ~ before going to the ball 打扮 make off with the stolen money 9. march vi. The troops (= army) ~ed into the city, ~ from victory to victory n on the ~ 在行军 10. mark n. get a good ~ in maths, punctuation ~s, make a ~ where you have any question cf: make one’s ~ 成功, 出名 vt. ~ the test papers, be ~ed with one’s name 11. marry vt. a. A ~ied B. b. A is ~ied to B. Is he ~ied? No, he remains single. c. get ~ied d. ~ A to B e. a ~ied couple vi. She ~ied young. v. remarry n. marriage 12. mass n. a ~ of = ~es of 许多 a ~ of / ~es of things / work, a ~ of cloud / ice, the ~es 群众 13. matter n. as a ~ of fact, a ~ of life and death, as ~s stand 照目前的情况, to make ~s worse, There’s nothing the ~ with me vi. It doesn’t ~ / makes no difference (to me) whether you go or stay. 14. maximum n. The ~ score is 100 ant. Minimum 15. mean vt. a. ~ doing / to do Sorry, I didn’t ~ to hurt you. ~ sb / sth to do / for / as The flat is meant for a family of 3. ~ it as a joke b. What do you ~ by? c. ~ what sb says d. He meant you no harm. 没有恶意 c. 有价值 ~ much/ little/ nothing to sb 16. means n. by this ~ = in this way, by all ~一定要/务必, by ~ of, by no ~ 决不, ~ of transport / trnsportation Every ~ has / All ~ have been tried. 17. measure n. take (immediate) ~s / steps / action (to do sth) vt. a. ~ the desk b. ~ one’s ability 18. medium n. Money is the ~ of exchange. mass media 宣传工具 adj. a shirt of ~ size 19. meet vt. ~ one’s needs / demands / requirements, ~ with sb/ sth, make (both) ends ~使收支平衡 20. melt vt. The sun ~ed the ice. vi. The ice has ~ed cf: dissovle 21. mention vt. not to ~ = let alone 更不用说, It’s not worth ~ing. vt. ~ doing sth 22. mercy n. show ~ to sb, have ~ / pity on sb, feel pity / sympathy for, have sympathy with sb, at the ~ of 任凭..摆布 23. mess n. The room is in a ~. make a ~ of 弄糟,get in / into a ~, clear up the ~ 24. mild adj ~ climate / temperature, a ~ man, have too ~ a nature to get angry, a ~ winter 25. military adj. ~ discipline, The ~ training was hard. 26. minimum n reduce sth to a ~ 27. minority n. We are in a / the ~. 少数派,the national ~ries 各少数民族

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adj. minor a ~ road / a role / repairs 28. miracle n. perform / work / accomplish ~s 创造奇迹 It’s a ~ that he survived. 29. misery n. The car caused terrible ~. suffer ~ from toothache 痛苦 30. miss vt. ~ the chance / one’s aim / one’s way / the main point / the first part of the film / a bus, ~ (=escape) being caught My pen is missing / gone / lost. 31. mission n. 使命, 任务 accomplish the ~ 32. mistake n. a. make (= commit) a ~ b. make a ~ about = misunderstand c. by ~=in error vt ~ / take A for B 33. monitor n. be made ~ of the class 34. modest adj remain ~, be ~ about 35. moderate adj. 适度的,中等的 of ~ size, travel at a ~ speed, ~ price; 一般的 a child of ~ ability; 温和的 ~ views / opinions 36. mood n. be in no ~ for sth / to do sth 没心情做某事, in a bad / good ~ / temper / homour 37. moral adj. be born with a ~ sense, draw a ~ lesson from, a man of high ~ principles 道德高尚的人 38. more than a. = over b. = not only c. ~ ~ enough, I’m ~ ~ glad to help you. d. more frightened than hurt e. Don’t give him more money than is needed 30. no more than a. = only ~ ~ ~ five b. 和…一样不 I can see no more than you. no +比+ than He’s no cleverer than (as foolish as) his sister Cf: not more than 31. motion n. a. (移)动 with a sudden ~ of the hand b. 动议,提案 pass / put forward / reject a ~ 32. move vt. ~ house, be ~d (=touched) to tears / deeply ~d 感动得流泪 vi. ~ in / out / on / about 33. multiply vt. 2 ~ied by 4 equals 8. N 1. nail n a. drive a ~ in, (sth) catch on the ~, hit the ~ on the head 打中要害 b. cut one’s ~ 2. name n. know sb by ~, call sb ~s, in the ~ of, 以名义,代表 worthy of the ~ , Fred by ~= by the ~ of Fred vt. ~ sb Alice, ~ sb after/ for 以…命名 3. nap n. have / take a ~ after lunch 5. narrow adj. a ~ escape adv. narrowly ~ escape / miss / beat vt. ~ the generation gap 6. nature n. keep the balance of ~, upset / disturb / destroy the balance of ~, true to ~ 逼真, by ~ 天生 Habit is second ~.习惯成自然 7. necessary adj. if ~, Don’t give him more money than is ~. be ~ to / for, It’s ~ that sb (should) = It’s ~ for sb to do adv. necessarily It’s not ~ so. 未必如此. 8. negative adj give a ~ answer, positive and ~ (正反) historical lessons, turn ~ factors into positive ones 把消极…积极 9. neglect vt. ~ one’s duties 玩忽职守, ~ locking / to lock the door n. in a state of ~ 10. negotiate vi. 谈判,洽谈,协商 ~ with sb about sth ~ with a country vt. 通过谈判解决 a ~d settlement 11. nevertheless adv. 不过,然而 The news may be unexpected; ~ , it’s true. 12. noble adj. a. a ~ idea / mind / ~ actions b. ~ building, a ~ sight 壮丽的景象 13. normal adj ~ body temperature / working hours, a ~ school n. return to ~, above / below ~ 14. note n. a. take ~s while reading b. leave a ~, a ~ of thanks c. ~s to the text d. a 5-pound ~ v. ~ (= write ) down 15. notice n. at short ~ 一通知马上就, receive 2 months’ ~ , wait till further ~ 等另行通知, bring sth to one’s ~ 使某人注意某事, take ~ of, escape ~ vt ~ sb do O 1. obey adj. ~ sb / sth ~ one’s parents / orders / traffic rules 2. object v ~ to (doing) sth = oppose / be opposed to / have an objection to (doing) sth 反对做某事 n. objection have no ~ to (doing) sth adj. objective an ~ test, an ~ law independent of man ’s will

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n. have an ~ in view n . a. 主语 the ~ of the sentence b. 物体 heavy ~s c. 对象 an ~ of study 研究对象 d. 目标 with no ~ (=objective) in life 3. oblige vt be obliged to do 有义务做某事, be ~d by the law, be much ~d to sb for one’s help 对…感激 4. observe vt a. ~ the star b. ~ / notice sb do 观察某人做某事 c. ~ / obey the law 遵守法律 d. ~ Christmas 过圣诞节 5. obstacle n. clear up an ~, an ~ to progress / success 通向成功的障碍, over an ~ 6. obtain vt. ~ knowledge / ability, ~ a clear picture of sth cf: acquire / gain 7. occasion n. on this / that ~, on one ~ 有一次, on the ~ of 在…的时候, a formal ~ 8. occupation n He’s a lawyer by profession (= by ~) 专职律师. 9. occupy vt a. ~ the city b. ~ / take up time or space Is this seat ~ied? c. ~ / hold an important position d. be ~ied in doing sth / with sth = be busy doing / be engaged in doing 忙于做某事 10. occur vi a. =happen b. 被想到 An idea ~red to/struck me = I struck on an idea. It ~red (to sb) that … 11. odd adj. waer ~ clothes, It’s ~ that…. 12. offend vt. I’ve ~ed him. be ~ed (=angry ) with sb for sth / at sb’s words ant defend 13. offer vt. offer sb sth / offer sth to sb, offer to do sth n. decline an ~ 14. once conj. Once seen, it’ll never be forgotten. adv. all at once = all of a sudden, at once, once a day, once in a while, once more=once again 15. only too 非常 only too glad / ready to help you 16. omit vt. ~ the word / paragraph, Don’t ~ (=neglect ) to lock / locking the door. 16. open adj & v. be ~(ed) to sb, be ~ed to traffic 通车, be ~ed for business 开张营业, in the ~ air, keep one’s eyes ~ 17. operate vi. ~ on sb vt. ~ a computer n. operation 18. opinion n. in one’s opinion, have a good / high opinion of sb/sth (对…评价很高) 19. opportunity n offer / provide / have / get / find / miss / catch an ~, take the ~ to do / of doing 20. oppose vt. ~ (doing) sth, be opposed to (doing) sth 反对某事 be ~d to your going abroad 21. opposite n. Play is the ~ of work. do / think / act just the ~ adj. on the ~ side of, be ~ to 与相反/不同, 在…对面 prep. live ~ the house, sit down ~ Debbie 22. oppress vt. the ~ed people, the feeling of being ~ed 23. orchestra n conduct an ~ / a band 24. order n. in proper ~, in ~ of age 按…顺序, in / out of ~, put sth in ~, keep ~ 护秩序, give ~s for sb to do, place an ~ with sb for sth 定/订购 vt. ~ 2 coffees, ~ some books from the shop, ~ sb to do / that sb should do 25. organ n. the ~s of speech, a state ~ 26. origin n. the Origin Of Species, the origin of the custom / a quarrel, He is of French ~ 原籍. 27. original adj the ~ plan / edition n. I want the ~, not a copy. read sth in the ~ 28. other than a. We can get there ~ ~ by ship. b. I borrow some books ~~ novels. There was nothing we could do other than wait. 29. outcome n. await the ~of the experiment 30. outline n. an ~ for the lecture, a vague ~ of a ship vt.~ a story, the techniques ~ed above 31. outlook n. a. 观点,看法 have a strange ~ on life b. 景色, 景致 The room has a fine ~. 32. overall adj the ~ length of a bridge, an ~ impression of one’s work, 33. overcome vt. ~ a difficulty = get over / smooth away a difficulty, ~ one’s fear 34. overlook vt. ~ the problem / mistake, Our room ~ed the sea 35. overtake vt ~ a car, We can’t ~ him. learn from the advanced and ~ them 36. owe vt. ~ success to hard work; ~ a great deal / thanks to sb; ~ sb 2 yuan = ~ 2 yuan to sb 37. owning There’re still $ 10 ~.未付的 38. owing to due to / because of / as a result / consequence of / on account of / by reason of 由于

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高考高频词

39. own adj. of one’s ~ a bike of his ~, (all) on one’s ~ = by oneself P 1. pace n. keep ~ with the times 2. pack vt. ~ clothe into a truck = ~ a trunk with clothes, a ~ed lunch, be ~ed with = be crowded / filled with 3. pain n. have a ~ in one’s back, in great ~, cause sb a great deal of ~, spare no ~s to do, take (great) ~s to do 4. panic n. in (a state of) ~ , get/ be thrown into a ~, cause a ~ among the people vi. Don’t ~. 5. parallel adv / adj run / be ~ to / with, ~ lines 6. participate vi ~ in the game / competition engage in / take part in / join in / go in for 7. pass v. ~ away =die, ~ sth on to / from …to 传递给, ~ on to sth 接下去做, ~ sb / sth by 忽略,不理 8. passion n. have a ~ for sth 对..有强烈爱好 9. part n. take (an active) ~ in, play / act the ~ of sb / in sth, on the ~ of sb 在…方面, 就…而言 10. particular adj be ~ about food / what sb eats, take ~ notice of n. in ~ adv. particularly syn. especially 特别,尤其/ in particular cf: specially 专门 11. pat vt. ~ sb on the shoulder 12. patience n have no / lose ~ with sb / sth patient adj. be ~ with sb ant. impatient 13. pave vt. ~ the path with bricks, ~ the way for 为…铺平道路 14. pay v. ~ back the money you borrowed, ~for the book,~ for what sb has done, ~ off the debts pay a fine / a bill / taxes / the rent, get/be paid by the hour / in cash / by credit card 15. peace n. promote world ~, in ~, live in ~ with sb, make ~ with 与…讲和, a lasting ~, at peace 和谐,平静 16. peak n. enjoy a superb view of Hong Kong from the ~ 17. peculiar adj. a ~ taste / smell, be ~ to sb / sth 某人/ 物特有的 Language is ~ to mankind. 18. pencil n. in ~ / in ink, with a ~ / with a pen 19. percentage n a high / large / small ~, What ~ of people die of SARS? 20. perfect adj. Practice makes ~. as close to ~ as possible, far from ~, be ~ in English 21. perform vt. ~ a dance / apiece of music, ~ one’s duty, ~ an experiment vi. ~ on the piano, ~ well n. performance His excellent ~ impressed us deeply. 22. permission n. have one’s ~ to do, without ~, with one’s ~ withhold ~ 23. permit vt. ~ doing / sb to do, if time / weather ~s = time / weather ~ting syn. allow ant. forbid 24. persevere vi. ~ in doing/ with sth ~ in learning English 孜孜不倦学习 25. person n. in ~ 亲自 personal adj. ~ opinion / computer / assistant / taste / belief / income, ~ (=private) life / affair / letter 26. persist vi ~ in doing He ~ed in his opinion. cf: insist on / stick to / keep to / hold out 27. persuade vt. ~ sb to do, ~ sb into / out of doing sth 说服做/不做 but: try to ~ sb to do / advice sb to do 28. phenomenon n. pl phenomena a common / rare ~, natural / social phenomena 29. philosophy n He majors in ~. Cf: physiology / psychology / biology 30. physical adj. a. do ~ experiments b.~ geography / world c ~ and mental health/training 31. physician n. ant. surgeon politician / musician / electrician / technician 32. pick up a. ~ ~ English b. ~ ~ a tool with a sharp point c. ~ sb / sth ~ 用车接人/装物 d. ~ ~ your courage e. ~ ~ good bargains f. ~ ~ information g. ~ ~ speed = speed up pick out = choose 33. pile n. (同类的东整齐地)堆 a ~ of books / wood, have a ~ of / piles of (=a lot of ) work to do vt. ~ sth up cf: a heap of stones 34. pin n. hear a ~ drop vt ~ / place hopes on sb 35. pity n. feel ~ / sympathy for, have pity / mercy on, show mercy to, It’s a ~ that… vt. ~ sb 36. place n. take ~, take the ~ of, in ~ of = in stead of, in the first ~, in / out of ~, take one’s ~ (=seat), win the first ~, if I were in your ~ vt. ~ one’s hope on sb, ~ emphasis / stress on, ~ confidence in 37. plain adj. be ~ to sb, in ~ English / language 易懂的, in ~ clothes 便衣, be ~ (=frank) with sb 38. plan v. as planned, plan to do sth n. make / draw up / draft / carry out a plan (for sth / to do sth)

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39. play n. at ~ / at work / at rest vi. ~ with fire vt. ~ a joke/ trick on sb, ~ games, ~ (the part of) Hamlet vt. ~ football/ cards / bridge/ chess with sb, ~ the piano, ~ me at chess 和…比赛下棋 40. please vt. Do as you ~. a hard man to ~ adj. pleased be ~ with sth / to do, (only) too ~ / more than ~ to meet you adj. pleasant a ~ surprise n. pleasure with ~, It’s a ~ to do sth. take ~ in doing sth 41. plunge vi. ~ into water / debt / a burning building / a discussion vt. ~ a country into war / sb into despair 42. point vi. ~ to / at, ~ one’s gun at the enemy, ~ out one’s mistakes n. from my ~ of view, come to the ~, There is no ~ in doing sth, on the ~ of doing 正要做, to the ~ 中肯, the first ~ I want to make, boiling ~ 43. policy n. Honesty is the best ~. with the reform and the open-door ~ carried out 44. polish vt. a. ~ one’s shoes b. ~ one’s article 修改文章 45. popular adj. a.流行的 ~ songs b.受欢迎的 be ~ with / among sb c.大众的 a ~ election d. 通俗的 in ~ language e. 普及的 ~ science reading n. popularity win/ lose ~ 46. population n. have a large ~ / a ~ of 600,000, The ~ of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing. Half of the ~ here are women. with the rapid increase in ~ 47. portion n. a. Read this ~(=part) of the book. b. (食物)一份 a ~ of salad 一份色拉 48. position n. a. 位置 locate the ~ of Shanghai on the map, if I were in your ~ / place b. 地位 a high ~ in society c. 职务 apply for a ~, hold an important ~ in te company d. in a ~ to do I’m not in a ~ to help you 我无力帮助你 49. positive adj. a. 积极的 ~ attitude b. 明确的,肯定的 a ~ answer, ~ and negative aspect of city life 50. possess vt. ~ nothing / lose all that one ~es possession (property) n. lose all one's ~s 51. possibility n. Is there any/ much ~ of his being promoted / that he’ll be promoted to headmaster? 52. possible adj. read as many books as ~, all the ~ answers, do the most ~ work with the least ~ amount of money 53. post n. a. offer sb a good ~, apply for the ~ / position, stick to the ~. b. by ~ 54. postpone vt.= put off ~ a football match / making a decision cf: delay cancel / call off 55. potential adj. ~ energy, a ~ danger, ~ for sth n. a young player with great ~ 56. pour vt. a. ~ (sb) a cup of tea b. ~ sth from / out of…into ~ polluted water into rivers, ~ black smoke into the sky vi. a. It never rains but it ~s. 祸不单行 It’s ~ (down) now. b. (fig) ~ out of / into the hall. n. be caught in the downpour / rain / shower / traffic jam 57. poverty n. live in ~ / in luxury / in comfortable 58. power n. a. one’s creative ~ b. come into ~, in ~ c. electrical ~ d. Knowledge is ~. e. a ~ failure / cut, f. I’ll do everything in my ~ to help you. cf: I’m not in a position to help you. cf : energy water / electric ~ 59. powerless adj. be ~ to do ~ to do anything except wait 60. practise v. ~ speaking English every day, ~ medicine/ the law (=work as a doctor/ lawyer) 61. practice n. The idea would never work in ~, P~ makes perfect. Knowledge begins with ~. put sth into ~, combine theory with ~ = apply theory to adj. practical a. a ~ joke b. The plan isn’t ~. 62. praise v. ~ sb for sth, think / sing highy of sb, sing high praise for n. be worthy of great ~, beyond ~ 63. pray vt. ~ (=beg) sb to do / for sth ~ sb to show mercy / for mercy 乞求...发慈悲 vi. ~ to God for one’s safety, ~ for rain 64. predict v. ~ a an earthquake / that there will be an earthquake 65. prefer vt. ~ A to B, ~ doing to doing = ~ to do rather than do, ~ that sb should / did sth 66. prepare v. prepare a meal / one's lessons / a test paper, ~ for sth / to do sth prepare sb for sth / to do sth, (sb) be (well) ~ed for sth / to do sth get (everything) ready for sth n. preparation make ~s for sth / to do sth, in ~ 67. presence n. in the ~ of sb 在…面前 be shy in the ~ of strangers 68. present n. make sb a ~ of sth ( give sb sth); at ~ =now; for the ~ = for the time being v. ~ a book to sb = ~ sb with a book, ~ evidence / reason, ~ an application to sb adj. the ~ government, all the people ~, be ~ at the meeting adv. presently = soon 69. preserve vt. a.保护(使免受破坏) ~ rare animals from extinction, ~ forests /one’s eyesight

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b.保存~ food from decay, be well ~d (人)保养得好,(物)保存得好 a well- ~d house n. preservation 70. preservation n. the ~ of food / one's health / wild life; the ~ of peace 71. press vt. a. ~ / push the button b. 压 the juice out of an orange, 紧靠 ~ against the wall to let him pass, 催促, 迫使 ~ sb for an answer / to make a quick decision n. ~ conference 记者招待会 72. pressure n. put ~ on sb, put sb under ~ , under the ~ of poverty/ necessity, reduce the ~ 73. pretend v. pretend to do sth / to be doing sth/to have done sth / that 74. prevent vt. a. prevent / stop …(from) doing = keep…from doing sth b. 预防 the best way to ~ AIDs n. prevention (An ounce of ) ~ is better than (a pound of ) cure. 75. previous adj. on a ~ occasion 在上次, in the ~ year, a ~ appointment cf: former 76. price n. sell sth at a regular / special price 特价, be produced at a low ~, not … at any price 决不 77. pride n take pride in = be proud of Pride goes before a fall. 78. primary adj. 3 ~ colours but: 4 basic types of blood, a ~ / an elementary school, a matter of ~/ vital importance 79. principle n. a. the ~ behind it, work on the same ~ b. a question of ~, on the ~ of 根据…原则, in ~ 原则上 cf: principal adj ~ food / rivers n. the ~ (=headmaster) of the school 80. private adj. in private 私下地, ant. in public, a private school / car / letter / life, ask about ~ affairs, 81. procedure n. a. teaching ~ b. be familiar with export ~ 82. proceed vi. a. ~ with (=continue) the work b. The talk ~ed in a friendly atmosphere c. ~ to sth / to do sth 83. process vt. a. ~ information b.~ leather / polluted water c. ~ the film = develop the film n. a slow ~, in the ~ of = during cf: in ~ of a building in ~ of construction 84. profession n. He is a lawyer by ~ . take up writing as his ~ n.&adj. professional 85. professional n. He is a ~, not an amateur. adj. in most ball games at a ~ level 86. profit n. draw / gain ~ from one's studies, make a ~ of ten yuan on every article sold in their eagerness to draw quick ~ from trees v. = benefit (sth) ~ sb = (sb) ~ from / by sth 87. profitable/ beneficial adj. be ~ to sb / sth, ~ investments / advice 88. progress n. in progress 在进展中= under way, make progress = make advances 89. promise n. make / keep / stick to / break / carry out / fulfill one’s promise vt. a ~ (sb) sth / to do / sb to do / that b. 预示, 有…可能~ sth / to do ~ rain / to be very hot A timely snow ~s a good harvest. 瑞雪兆丰年 vi. ~ well 大有希望, a promising student 90. prohibit vt. ~ / ban / forbid doing sth Smoking is strictly ~ed here. ~ / ban sb from smoking = forbid sb to smoke 91. promote vt. a. ~ world peace / friend b. 提升 be ~ed to sales manager c. 促销 ~ the product 92. promotion n. win / gain ~, the ~ of a new book 推销 93. propose vt. a. ~ sth / doing / to do / that sb (should)… It is ~d / suggested that…. I ~ an early start / making / to make an early start . ~ to have a get-together b. ~ a toast to sb / sth c. ~ marriage to sb d. ~ sb as / for n. proposal a ~ for doing / to do 94. prospect v. ~ for ~for oil / gold, oil prospecting n. pl 前途 a job with excellent ~s 95. protect vt. vt. a. ~ … from ~ sb from danger b. ~ sb against heavy losses c. ~ consumers’ rights n. protection offer ~ from, wear a coat as a ~ against the cold / to protect himself against the cold 96. provide v. a. ~ sb with sth = ~ sth for sb ~ sb with food and clothes = ~ food and clothes for sb b. ~ for (=support) a family c. ~ for (=prepare for) old age d. provided / providing (that) if / suppose / supposing / on condition that / as long as 97. prove vt. ~ sth (to sb), ~ sb / sth (to be) + adj/ n, ~ that ~ his guilt / him (to be) guilty / that he’s guilty Facts ~ that / It has been ~d that… vi. ~ (to be) + adj / n 被证明是 He ~d to be a difficult man to please. 98. psychological adj. ~ treatment / therapy n. psychology psychologist 99. public in public like to show off in ~, be open(ed) to the public 对公众开放, 100. pull vt. ~ ahead 加速超车 The taxi soon pulled ahead of the bus ~ away 驶离(路边), ~ in / out (火车/船)进站/离站, ~ through/ round 恢复健康,(使)度过危机

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~ up (使) 停住, ~ out a tooth, ~ a sweater on / off, ~ down = tear / knock down ~ down an old house 101. purchase vt. ~ some modern equipment n. make ~s ~ date / points 销售点 102. pursue v. a. ~ an escaped prisoner b. 继续,从事 ~ one’s studies c. 追求 ~ peace/ happiness n. pursuit 103. push v. You ~ while I pull. ~ the door open, ~ through the crowd, ~ sb for sth / to do sth ~ sb (=force / press) for a quick decision 104. purpose n. on purpose = by design / by intention, for the ~ of = with a view to doing, serve one’s ~ 105. put v. put away put down put forward a proposal put off put on put out put up put up with=bear / stand put sth in order put a question to sb put aside put an end to sth Q 1. qualify vt. ~ sb for / as / to do Six years’ training ~ied him for the job / as a doctor. (sth) ~ sb to handle such a matter qualified adj a. a well / highly-~ graduate b. be ~ for / as / to do be (well / highly) ~ for the post / as a lawyer vi. ~ for / as / to do Did you ~ as an engineer? n. qualification ~s needed for sth, a doctor's ~s 2. quality n. a. be of good / high / low / poor quality, Quality is better than quantity. b. have many fine ~ies of a teacher 3. quantity n. a large/ small ~ of water / books 大/小量的 Large quantities of food are on the table. 4. question n. out of ~ = no problem ; out of the ~ = impossible v. ~ sb on sth, be ~ed by the police, ~ (= doubt) one’s honesty 5. queue n. stand in a ~ to buy a ticket, form / join / jump the ~ vi. ~ up for sth / to do ~ up for a bus 6. quick adj. a ~ mind, be ~ at learning cf: be ~ to do sth 做某事迅速 be ~ to come to the scene of the accident 7. quiet adj. quiet and peace 清净 cf: silent / still / calm 8. quote vt. ~ sb / sth / sth from ~ a sentence from the article, ~ sb as saying 用…话说 R 1. race vi. ~ with sb / for the prize n. a. run a 1500- meter ~, a horse / boat ~, a ~ against time b. the black ~ 2. raise vt. a. ~ one’s hand / one’s voice b. ~ (=put forward) a question c. ~ cotton / flowers d. ~ pets e. ~ money / funds f. ~ (=bring up ) children g. ~ a cheer/ a shout h. ~ efficiency i. ~ oneself 站起来 3. range n. a. a wide / narrow ~ of choice / interests, price / age ~ b. in / within /out of / beyond ~ c. a mountain ~ vt. ~ from …to ../ between…and… Their ages ~ / They ~ in age from 10 to 25. 4. rank vt. 把…列为 ~ sb as a great writer vi. 排行 ~ first / second to none / next to, ~ first in the world The book ~s high among the best sellers. high-~ing officials n. people of all ~s, officers of high ~高级军官 5. rather adv. a ~ cold day = ~ a cold day, ~ too large, ~ more expensive, or ~ = to be more exact, would ~ do sth than do sth, ~ than 6. rate n. a. birth / exchange / interest ~ b. at a /the rate of (= at a speed of) 60 miles an hour c. a first-~ (= first-class) job, at any rate 不管怎样 at this / that rate 照这样/ 那样下去 7. reach v. ~ for = ~ out (one’s hand) for He ~ed for the dictionary. ~ (= arrive in / get to) Shanghai ~ one’s goal, ~ / come to /arrive at an agreement on sth, News ~ed England that…The letter ~ed me. n. within / out of / beyond one’s ~ Medicine should be put out of the children's ~/ out of ~ of the children. 8. react vi. a. 对…起作用 ~ on/upon = have an effect on Applause ~s upon a speaker. b. ~ to 对…作出反应 How did he ~ to (= What was his reaction to ) your proposal? n. reaction 9. read v. a. ~ sth aloud b. ~ about c. ~ out d. ~ one’s mind / thought / the expression in one’s eyes e. The letter read as follows. f. ~ between the lines g. ~ sth through / sth from cover to cover 10. ready adj. a. be (only too) to help others b. be ~ for sth / to do sth c. be ~ to believe what sb says d. ~ -made clothes 11. real adj. a shirt made of real silk, ~ gold / diamond / leather, Was it a ~ man you saw or a ghost? 12. realistic adj. ~ politics, The dinosaur we saw in the museum last week was very ~.

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13. rear n. in the ~ of sit in the ~ of the classroom at the ~ of 14. reason n. for some reason, …reason for, have every ~ to do sth vt. reason sb into/ out of doing sth 15. recall vt. ~ sth / doing / sth to sb / that I can’t ~ his name. I don’t ~ ever meeting him / that I ever met him. The picture ~ed to me (= reminded me of ) my school days. 16. receipt n. a. On ~ of (On receiving) the news, he left. b. make out (= write) a ~ (for sth) 17. receive vt. ~ a gift / a warm welcome, ~ punishment / a deadly wound n. reception 18. recent adj. ~ news ( c.f. the latest news) / a ~ event / ~ photos, in~ years, A ~ survey shows that 19. recognize v. a. ~ a friend /one’s voice on the phone b.承认 ~ sb as / to be ~ its value / it as a probleme, ~ sb to the greatest writer c. 清楚地意识到 ~ one’s duty n. recognition 20. recommend v. a. ~ sth to sb= ~ sb sth ~ me a good book = ~ a good book to me ~ sb for sth / as ~ sb for the job / as a good leader b. 建议 ~ sb to do / doing / that sb should do 21. recover vt. a. ~ one's sight/ health / strength / consciousness, He is perfectly ~ed. b. ~ one’s lost pen vi. ~ from ~ from one's illness, Has the country ~ed from the effects of the war yet? 22. reduce vt. a. ~ pressure / volume / quantity /speed / cost, ~ one’s weight from…to.. / by 10 pounds, b. ~ sb / sth to (doing) sth ~ sb to silence / despair / begging vi. She wants to ~ (=lose weight). 23. refer vi. ~red / ~ring ~ to v. a. the question ~red to b. ~ ~ a dictionary / map / the notes / the key c. The remark doesn’t ~ ~ you. d. What I’m saying ~ ~ all of you. vt. a. ~ sb / sth to ~ A to B for further information b. be ~red to as = be known as / called 24. reference n. This is for your ~ only. key for ~, turn to some ~ books, make ~ to = refer to with / in ~ to = with / in regard to = concerning =regarding = as to / as for 25. reflect vt. a. Mirror ~ light. b. hills ~ed in the water c. The novel ~ s that i. ~ on / upon 仔细考虑 26. refresh vt. ~ oneself with a cup of tea / a hot bath, feel / be ~ed after the sleep, ~ one’s memory 唤起记忆 27. regard v. ~ … as = think of…as / treat…as / look on / upon…as / consider…(as) ~ sb as a hero n. with / in ~ to = about, Give my best ~s / respects to (= Remember me to) your parents. 28. regardless adj. ~ of the consequences / expense, ~ of (= with no thought for ) sb's own safety 29. register n. a ~ office vt. ~ the birth of a child, ~ the car in one’s name, a ~ed letter vi. ~ at a hotel / with the police 30. reject vt. ~ sb / sth a. ~ a gift / suggestion, a ~ed applicant b. ~ bad eggs / bad habits cf: decline sth / to do, refuse sth / sb sth / to do turn sb / sth down 31. relate vt. ~ sth (to sb ) a. ~ (to us) the story of his escape, She ~d to them how it happened. b. ~ A (to B) It's difficult to ~ cause and effect in this case. 32. related adj. be ~ to sb/ sth be closely/ distantly ~ to cf: be associated with / be connected with / be linked with / be relative to / be relevant to / have sth to do with 33. relative n. a close/ near/distant relative of hers adj. be ~ to = be related to, a ~ clause / pronoun 34. relatively adv. ~ / strictly / broadly speaking n. relativity theory of ~ 35. relation n. establish friendly ~s with have a hard relatioship with sb 36. relax v. ~ one’s mind / muscles / efforts / nerves / oneself / one’s hold on sth n. relaxation 37. release vt. ~ (=free) sb from prison / hospital 38. relevant adj. a. be ~ to sth supply facts ~ to the case b. 切题的 a ~ argument / point 39. relief n. a.宽慰 to one’s ~ b.救济,救援 be equipped to bring help and ~ (to sb), ~ funds 救济金 40. relieve vt. ~ pain / the symptoms of the disorder, ~ sb from pain / anxiety, ~ sb of a headache, ~ sb of one’s post = remove sb from one’s post n. relief 41. rely vi. ~ on/upon sb/sth (for sth / to do sth) Nowadays we ~ increasingly on computers for help / to help us. ~ on sb doing ~ on my doing it syn. depend on / count on / look to sb (for sth / to do sth) 42. remain vi. remain a. ~ active / good friends / sitting / seated / in one’s memory b. (sth) ~ to be done The problem ~s to be solved. c. After the fire, nothing ~ed of the house. d. ~ here e. with the ~ing $20 remains n. a 剩余物 the ~s of a meal b. 废墟,遗址,遗体 the ~s of ancient Rome 43. remark 谈起, 评论 v & n. ~ on/upon sb/ sth / that

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n. make a few ~s about sb / on a subject In the light of your ~s , we rejected her offer. 44. remarkable adj. a. 显著的 be ~ for = be famous / known / distinguished / noted for ~ changes, make ~ achievements b. 非凡的 a ~ memory c. 异常的 It’s ~ (=strange) that… 45. remember vt. a. ~ to do / doing b. ~ me to your parents c.铭记,怀念 be ~ed as the discoverer of radium 46. remind vt. 提醒 ~ sb of sth / sb to do sth / sb that ~ us of the days we spent together, ~ me to take the medicine reminder n. 提醒物 47. remove vt. ~ sth / sb from a. (=get rid of) ~ one’s name from the list, (fig) ~ problems / doubts / fears from one’s mind 消除 b. ~ (=take away) the bag from the seat c. ~ (=take off) the wet clothes d. (=dismiss) ~ sb from office 免去职务 vi. 移居 ~ from the city to the countryside n removal also arrival / refusal / approval / disapproval 48. rent n. free of ~, for ~ vt. ~ a house (out) to sb, ~ sth from sb vi. The house ~s at / for $100 a month. 49. replace vt. ~ A with B ~ a broken chair with a new one cf: exchange A for B / trade A for B / substitute A for B 50. reply vi. ~ to / respond to = answer n. in ~ to one’s challenge 为了响应, 答复 a ~ / a response / an answer to sth 51. represent vt. a. “O” ~s (=stands for) oxygen. b. He ~ed China. n. representitive a ~ of the people 52. reputation n. enjoy a high ~ (as a doctor) both at home and abroad, a school with an excellent ~, have a ~ for laziness/for being lazy, establish / build up /make a ~ for oneself, ruin one's ~, live up to one's ~不负胜名 53. repair n & vt. under repair, in good / bad repair, out of ~ pl. be closed during ~s, ~s done while you wait. 54. request vt. a. ~ sth from sb ~ assistance / help, All that I ~ of you is that you should work hard. b. ~ sb to do / that sb (should) n. a. come at one’s ~ / by ~ b. make a ~ for help c. in great ~ (=demand) cf: require a. ~ sth of sb do all that is ~d by the law. It’s ~d of me that I (should) give evidence. ~d courses b. ~ (= need / want ) doing = to be done c. ~ sb to do / that n. requirement meet / satisfy / fulfil / fill one’s s / needs / demands / requirements demand vt ~ sth of / from sb ~ an apology from sb b. ~ to do / that ~ to be told the truth n in great ~, There’s a great ~ for this book. meet one’s ~s adj. demanding 55. rescue n. go / come to one’s ~, carry out a ~, a ~ team vt. ~ (=save) sb from drowning / danger 56. research n. be devoted to scientific ~, be engaged in /carry out/ do ~(into/on sth) 57. resemble vt. (no passive) A ~ B in sth She ~s her brother in looks. 58. reserve vt. a. ~ a ticket / seat / room / table for sb b. ~ your strength for the climb, All rights ~d.版权所有 c. The British are ~d 沉默寡言的 n a.保留 keep a ~ of food b. pl 储备量 oil / coal ~s c.保护区 a game / wildlife / nature ~ n. reservation 59. resign vi. ~ from post / position / office vt. ~ his post as chairman 60. resist vt. ~ the enemy / the disease / the attack, ~ the temptation (to do of sth), ~ doing sth 忍不住 I can’t ~ telling him the secret. vi. He could ~ no longer 61. resistant adj. be ~ to fire / water/ electricity/heat water- ~/ heat- ~ materials n. resistance 62. resource n. (pl) a place rich in natural / mineral/ agricultural ~s 63. resolve vt. a. 决心 ~ to do / that He ~d to work harder / that he would work harder b.作出决议 ~ on / against doing ~ against appointing a new secretary c. 解决 ~ a dispute / an argement n. resolution New Year’s Resolution 64. respect n. a. 尊敬 show ~ for sb, win the ~ of his students b. 方面 in some / many ~s, in which ~ c. give my best ~s (=regars) to sb d. with ~ to =with / in regard to=concerning=regarding=as to vt. ~ sb / one’s opinions / feelings adj. respectful / respectable / respective 65. respond to sb / sth He ~ed to my letter with a phone call. The patient didn't ~ to treatment. 66. response n. a quick/ immediate ~, make no ~ (to sth), in ~ to your inquiry 67. responsible adj. be ~ for sth I'm wholly / partly ~ for the accident. 68. responsibility n. have/ show a sense of ~, bear/ assume/ take / accept full ~ for the consequences

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It's my ~ (=duty) to lock the doors. 69. rest n. a. take / have a ~, at rest (静止,不动) b. the rest of one’s life vt. ~ his head on his hand 70. restless adj. a.焦躁不安的 become ~ towards the end of the meeting b.得不到休息的 spend a ~ night 71. restrict vt. ~ sb / sth (to sth) = put a limit on ~ one's rights/ freedom, ~ my smoking to 5 cigars families ~ed to (having) one child restricted enter a ~ed zone 禁区 72. result n. as a result as a result of vi. result from result in 73. reveal vt. ~ sth to sb / ~ to sb that ~ secrets /details /feelings, The doctor didn't ~ the truth to him. 74. return vi. ~ to China / from Paris vt. ~ the book to sb n. in return( for sth) a return / single ticket 75. reward vt. ~ sb for (doing) sth be ~ed for one’s outstanding services to sth, ~ sb for one’s help ~ sb with sth She ~ed him with a smile. ~ sb with $100 for saving the drowning child n. receive a medal in ~ for ( in return for ) his bravery / as a ~ for his bravery rewarding adj. a ~ job, Teaching as a profession is demanding but ~. cf: award vt ~ sb sth (for sth) n. win /get the first ~ (= prize) 76. rid (rid, rid) vt. ~ sb /sth of sth ~ the house of mice n. get ~ of sb/sth 77. ring ~ the bell, ~ sb (up) = call sb (up) / (tele)phone sb / give sb a phone call / give sb a ~ / make a phone call to sb The bell is ~ing .= There goes the bell. 78. ripe adj. ~ fruit, The time was ~ for taking action. vt. ripen 79. rise vi. Food prices are rising.= on the rise. n. get a ~, give ~ to 引起,导致 ask sb for a ~ 加工资 cf: raise 80. risk vt. ~ one's life/ fortune/ health, ~ doing sth n. take / run a ~, run the ~ of doing sth, at the ~ of save the boy at the ~ of his own life, at ~ = be in danger 81. roar v. a. The lion ~ed. b. The crowd ~ed (out) approval. ~ with pain / laughter c. The engine ~ed into / to life.发动 n. the ~s of a lion / football fans / an engine 82. roast vt. ~ duck over the fire adj. Bejing ~ duck 83. rob vt. ~ sb of sth ~ sb of one’s money, ~ sb of one’s rights / one’s sleep (sb) be ~bed, (sth) be ~bed of 84. role n. play an important / vital role / part in sth 85. roll v. The dog ~ed on the ground. The stone ~ed down the hill. The ship ~ed in the waves n. a. rock and ~ b. a ~ of film / cloth c. call the ~ 点名 86. room n. [u] 空间, 余地 make room / space for, There is much ~ for improvement in yur work. 87. root n. The ~ of a tree binds the soil. Money is the ~ of all evil. 88. rose n. be not all roses 不尽人意 89. rotten adj. ~ fruit / eggs, go ~ 变烂, ~ (=bad) luck / weather 90. rough adj. get a ~ / general idea of, a ~ road, on the ~ seas 在波涛汹涌的海上 91. row vi. I can’t ~. ~ (out) to the island vt. ~ a boat n. sit in the first ~, stand in a ~, a ~ of trees 92. ruin v. The rain ~ed the crops / our plan. ~ one’s prospects / one’s reputation / one’s chances of the job ruins n. a. the ~ of all one’s hopes b. pl. 废墟 the ~s of the castle, (lie) in ~s 93. rule n. by rule, as a rule, make it a ~ to rise at 6. 94. rush vi. ~ in / out / to / into / out of, Out ~ed the students. vt. ~ sth / sb to sp be ~ed to the nearset hospital, Relief supplies were ~ed in. n. a. make a ~ for the door b. the Christmas ~, be caught in the ~-hour traffic S 1. sacrifice n. make a ~ He made great ~s to educate his son. He saved her at the ~(=cost) of his life. sell sth at a ~ (=loss) vt. ~ one’s life to save sb, ~ oneself (= lay down one’s life) for one’s country 2. safe adj. be safe from, return safe and sound 平安无恙 n. safety bring / carry sb to ~, in safety 3. sail vi. ~ for = set ~ for sp, ~ across the Atlantic n. a 帆/帆船 b. set ~ for 4. sake n. for one’s own ~, for the ~ of sb/ sth = for sb/sth's ~ for the ~ of convenience / safety = for convenience’~ / safety’s ~

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5. sale n. on sale / for sale vt. sell 6. sample n. 样品, 实例 a blood ~, show me ~s of the products 7. save vt. a. ~ one’s life, ~ sb from drowning / the fire b. ~ (up) money in the bank c. ~ sb trouble / time, ~ (sb) 50 yuan adj safe return ~ and sound, be ~ from the storm n. keep the money in the ~ n. safety ~ rules, take /bring sb to ~, be concerned for one’s ~ n. savings 储蓄 open a ~ account with a bank 8. scarce adj. ~ resources / supplies, Food is ~ because of the drought. cf: rare ~ animals / books scarcely adv. I can ~ hear you. ~ / hardly/rarely /barely ... when = no sooner... than 9. scene n. a.景色 [c] The sunrise is a beautiful ~. cf: scenery [u] b.布景,场景 change the ~s c. the terrible ~s after the earthquake d.地点,现场 on the scene, the ~ of the accident / the crime cf: scenery mountain ~山景 / stop to admire the ~ (欣赏风景 ) 10. schedule n. a time / train schedule, ahead of / on / behind schedule 提前/按期/没按期 What’s your ~ for today? vt. as ~d = as planned 11. sea n. at sea, by sea = by ship 12. search n. in ~ of sth /sb, in one's/ the ~ for sth v. ~ sb / sth / sp for sb/sth, ~ (through) sth for sth ~ the woods for the missing child, ~ sb for drugs 13. season n. in season 在旺季, rainy / football / tourist / holiday ~ 14. second num. second to none 最好, second only to 仅次于, rank ~ 排行第二 15. secure adj. a.安全的 be ~ from attack b.安心的 be ~ about one’s future c.牢固的 make the windows ~ vt. ~ sth from / against a.使…安全 ~ the camp against attack b.关牢/紧 ~ all the windows and doors 16. security n. 安全,平安, 保安 the ~ guard, a sense of ~, live in ~ 17. see v. ~ through sb 看穿某人, ~ sb /the job through 帮某人度过难关/干完工作 ~ to (doing) sth 注意, 负责 see to it that...= make sure that... 18. seek vt. ~ a job / fame / happiness /~ solutions to current problems vi. ~ for / after sth / to do ~ for / after a missing pen, ~ to bring the conflict to an end 19. seize vt. ~ sb by the arm / collar, ~ the opportunity, ~ / catch / get hold of, ` one’s meaning 20. sense n. a keen ~ of hearing, a ~ of humour / right and wrong, Your sentence doesn’t make ~, so I can’t make ~ of it. There’s no ~ (=point) in doing sth. lose one's ~ 失去理智 vt.觉察到 ~ danger / one’s sorrow 21. sensible adj. a ~ person / idea/ suggestion;/ It was ~ of you to lock the door. 22. sensitive adj. a ~ skin of a baby, be ~ to / about sth The eyes of a cat are ~ to light. 23. sentence v. ~ sb to sth He was ~d to death / to life imprisonment 终生监禁 n pass / pronounce ~ on sb 宣布了对...的判决, a ~ of ten years' imprisonment 24. series (单复同) a TV / radio ~ , a ~ of scientific discoveries A ~ of lectures has been scheduled. 25. serious adj. a. suffer from a ~ illness, Nothing ~. a ~ mistake / accident b. He looked ~ as he told us the news. c. I’m not joking. I’m ~. 26. serve vt. a.~ sb heart and soul b. ~ breakfast, Dinner is ~d. c. ~ to (=help to) strengthen the links with sb d. ~ one’s purpose e. ~ sb right vi. ~ in the army / ~ on a committee 担任委员,serve as syn. act / function / work as 27. set The film is set in Hong Kong. ~ sb free, ~ fire to sth = ~ sth on fire, ~ sb a good example, set aside 留出 ~ about doing sth = ~ out to do, ~ back 阻止, ~ off / ~ out = start out / start off, set up n. a set of 一套 28. settle vi. a. 定居 When did you ~ in Paris? ~ down 定居下来 b. 停息 The bird ~d on a branch. vt. ~ a problem / a quarrel ~ down to (do) sth 安静/安心/安顿做 ~ down to (do) one’s homework, ~ down in an armchair 舒适地坐, settle the children down 使…安静/安心/安顿 29. severe adj a. a ~ illness / wound b. be ~ (hard) on sb, ~ punishment c. ~ discipline d. a ~ winter / test 30. shade n. a. Trees give us ~. take a rest in the ~ of a tree b. store the medicine in the ~ 31. shadow n. a. kiss one’s ~, be afraid of one’s own ~, cast a ~ on sth b. live in the ~ of last failure

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c. walk in the ~s, afraid of being recognized d. have ~s around / under one’s eyes 32. shake vt. feel the house ~, ~ one’s head , ~ with cold, ~ hands with sb = ~ one’s hand / ~ sb by the hand 33. shame n. feel ~ at sth, It's a ~ / What a ~ (that...) He felt no ~ at having told a lie. 34. share vt. a. ~ a room /one’s views b.~ sth with sb ~ joys and sorrows with sb, ~ the cost with sb vi. ~ in one’s troubles as well as one’s happiness / joys n. bear a ~ of responsibility 35. sharp adj. a. a ~ knife b. a ~ left turn c. a ~ pencil d. ~ eyes / ears e. 剧烈的 a ~ pain in his back f. a ~ wind g. a ~ drop in temperature h. at 8 o’clock ~ 在8点整 vt. sharpen ~ a pencil / a knife 36. shave vt. ~ oneself vi. ~ off one’s beard n. have a ~ and a haircut 37. shift vt. 转移,变动 ~ the furniture, ~ the suitcase from one hand to the other, ~ the responsibility on to sb vi. the wind ~ed from east to north. n. 转换 an 8-hour ~, on the night ~ 夜班 38. shock n. a. 休克 suffer from ~ b. 震惊, 震动 culture ~, It’s a ~ to hear of his death. He got a slight ~ when he touched the live wire. vt. be ~ed at sth / to do sth 39. shoot vt. a. ~ (=fire) a bullet / a gun, be shot in the leg, ~ down an enemy plane He shot the bird and killed it. cf: He shot at the bird but missed it. 40. short adj. go/ run / be ~ of sth in ~ = in a few words 总之 TV is ~ for television. in ~ supply, ~ cut / sighted n. shortage a ~ of water / rice /oil / funds 41. shortcut n. take a ~ across the field, There is no ~ to learning English. 42. shower n. a. be caught in a ~ b. take / have a ~ c. put in / install a ~ 43. shrink (shrank, shrunk) v. a. 收缩 The cloth ~s in the wash. b. 退缩 Brave men never ~ from danger. 44. side n. on the side of sb / on one’s side 支持某人, on each / either side of, side by side with sb 和(某人)并肩做 There’re always two ~s to a thing. Every coin has two ~. 45. sight n a. in / within / out of ~, Out of ~, out of mind. b. The sunset was a beautiful ~ c. see the ~s of Beijing, go ~-seeing d. catch / lose ~ of, at the ~ of, fall in love with sb at first ~ 46. sign vt. a. ~ your name here. ~ a cheque / a contract with sb vi. a. ~ up for sth / to do 报名参加 ~ up for (= enter for) the contest, ~ up to take a course b. ~ in at the entrance 签到 c. ~ on the dotted line, at a ~ing ceremony d. ~ (for ) sb to stop talking n. signature n. a.招牌,标记 a shop ~, traffic ~s b. give sb a ~ to stop talking, ~ language c.迹象 There is no ~ of rain. 47. signal n. a ~ of / for danger vt. ~ for sb to enter / keep away vi. ~ with flags, ~ to sb which way to go 48. similar adj. be ~ to … in sth Gold is ~ in color to brass. syn: alike The brothers look very ~ (=alike) 49. sincere adj. express my ~ appreciation of your help, ~ friendship / belief adv. sincerely I ~ hope that… 50. single adj. a ~ / double room, a ~ /return ticket, She remained ~.(unmarried) Not a ~ mistake did he make in the exam. 51. sink vi. a. The ship sank in deep water. b. Prices are ~ing. c. My heart sank at the thought of that. vt. a. ~ a fishing boat b. ~ your voice to a whisper 52. site n. a. a construction ~, the old ~ of our school, rush to the ~ of the air crash, web ~ b. the ~ of a battle 战场 c. 遗志 the ~ of an ancient city 53. situation n. a. The ~ was soon cleared up. b. find oneself in an awkward ~ c. the ~ at home and abroad d. create a ~ to practise English in vt. situate be ~d (=located) in / on / near etc 54. size n. houses of different shapes and ~s, 3 times the ~ of sth, twice its size 55. skill n. the basic ~s of reading and writing adj. skillful a ~driver, be ~ at inventing excuses 很会编造借口 skilled adj. be ~ at /in a manger ~ at dealing with complaints, a ~ worker 56. skim vt. Don’t reads the article word for word. Just ~ it. vi. ~ through the books in stock, 57. skip v. Does it matter if I ~ breakfast? be fond of ~ping 爱好跳绳, ~ from one subject to another 58. sleep v. ~ a sound ~, go to ~, feel sleepy, fall asleep, be fast / sound asleep ant. be wide awake sleep a…sleep, dream a…dream, smile a…smile, live a…life, die a…death 59. slight adj. a ~ slip 失误, have a ~ fever /headache, I haven't the slightest idea of where he is . not in the slightest = not in the least / not at all / not a bit cf: not a little = much adv. slightly I know her ~. 60. slip v. ~ on the ice, ~ from / out of one’s hand, ~ from one’s grasp, ~ into the river, ~ into the shop 溜进

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Don’t let the chance ~. n. a. a ~ on a banana peel b. a ~ of the pen / the tongue 笔误/口误 c. a ~ of paper 61. smash v. ~ a window, ~ (up) all the furniture 62. smell n. a sense of ~, keen ~, take / have a ~ of / at sth vt. a. ~ sth burning b. 察觉 ~ danger coming link v. ~ bad cf: ~ badly vi. ~ of (有…气味)oil, ~ at the flower,~ out 嗅出 63. sociable adj. a ~ person cf: social ~ problems 64. solution n. find a solution to the problem, a ~ of sugar and water 65. soon adv. as soon as, as soon as possible, sooner or later ,no sooner… than… 66. sore adj. have a ~ throat 67. sorrow n. share joys and ~s with sb, be in deep ~ at the news 68. soul n. serve the people heart and ~ 69. sound vi. ~ reasonable adj. sleep a ~ sleep, a ~ mind in a ~ body n. hear the ~ cf: voice / noise 70. sow vt. As you ~, so will you reap. 71. spare dj in one’s ~ / leisure time, ~ money / wheels vt. a. Can you ~ me a few minutes / a ticket? I have no time to ~. b. ~ no efforts / pains, not ~ one’s comments 毫无保留地提出意见 c.~ one’s life 饶…命 d. Use the phone and ~ yourself a visit. 72. species n. [单复数同] a ~ of bird cf: breed / kind / sort 73. specific adj buy it for a ~ purpose, have a ~ reason to do sth, Can you be more ~? 74. speech n. make / deliver a ~ = deliver an address 75. speed n. at high / full / top speed, at a speed of v. speed up 76. spirit n. a. The ~ lives after death. b. The ~ is willing but the flesh is weak. 心有余而力不足 c.pl. in high / low ~s, raise one’s ~s = make sb cheerful 77. spite n. a. break the vase out of ~ 出于怨恨 b. in ~ of (=despite) sth / what sb has done / the fact that… 78. split v. (-tt-; pt, pp split) ~ the wood with an axe, ~ an atom, ~ in half / in(to) two 79. spoil (pt, pp spoilt / spoiled) vt. a. ~ one’s appetite / my day, The rain ~t the crops. Too many cooks ~ the broth. b. Spare the rod and ~ the child. a ~ t / ~ed child vi. Food ~s easily. 80. sponsor vt. a. 主办 ~ a kite clinic b. 资助 ~ the orphan, a government-~ed project n. 资助人 81. spot n. a white dress with red ~s (=dots), a solar ~ 太阳黑志, a scenic ~ 景点 on the spot 82. sportsman sportsmanship / sponsorship / championship / leadership / partnership 83. spread (spread) vi. The news / fire ~ quickly. prevent the disease from ~ing vt. ~ a cloth out (on/ over a table), ~ butter on the bread, The bird ~ its wings and flew away. 84. squeeze ~ water out of the clothes, ~ toothpaste from the table, ~ (one’s way) through a crowd 85. stable adj. a ~ relationship, job, government, a ~ person 86. stage at an early ~ in our history, be / go on the ~ 87. stand a. ~ up b. ~ / sit still 站好/坐好别动 c. 忍受 I can’t ~ the hot weather / being kept waiting. ~ for sth 支持,代表 / ~ by = look on, ~ by sb = support sb, ~ out 突出, ~ up for one’s friends / women’s rights 88. standard n. raise people’s living ~s, reach the ~ required, be up to / below ~ 达到 /未达到标准 89. stare vi. ~ at sb It’s rude to ~ st others. cf: gaze at 90. starve v ~ (sb) to death, ~ for sth = long for / hunger for sth, ~ sb into (doing) sth n. starvation die of ~ 91. state n. a. build a free ~ b. be in a dirty ~ / a ~ of emergency 紧急状态 vt. ~ one’s views / one’s reasons n. statement issue a ~ 发表声明 92. statue set up / erect a ~ 93. stay ~ (at) home / in bed, ~ warm and alive / open / awake / fine / single stay up 不睡觉 94. steady adj. a ~ speed / rate / pace, make ~ progess / improvements, ~ income cf: stable 95. steal ~ sth from sb cf: rob sb of sth 96. step n. in / out of step with, keep ~ / pace with, a big ~ forward, step by step take ~s to do sth Mind / Watch your ~. vi ~ this way, please. ~ on one’s foot, ~ aside, ~ in / out / into sp / out of sp 97. stick n a walking ~ vi. a.~ to the truth / one’s post b. find a nail ~ing in the tyre

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c. The pages stuck together. d. The bus (was) stuck in the mud. e. ~ out your tongue vt. a. ~ the fork into the bread b. ~ a stamp on a letter 98. still adv & adj. keep/ stand/ hold/ sit/ stay ~ (proverb.) ~ waters run deep 静水流深 99. stimulate vt. ~ one’s appetite / one’s interest, ~ sb to sth / to do ~ sb to further efforts / ~ sb to make greater efforts 100. stir vt. a. ~ the coffee with a spoon, The wind ~red the leaves. b. 激动 The news ~red the whole world. c. ~ sb up 鼓励, 煽动 d. ~ sb to great efforts 激励某人更努力 e. ~ one’s blood / one’s imagination 101. stock vt. a.为…备货 ~ sth with ~ a shop with goods, ~ one’s mind with knowledge, a well-~ed library b. ~ up on beer for summer 储存 n. in / out of ~ b. a large ~ of 大批存货 c. ~ / share holder 102. stone n. a ~’s throw from / within a ~’s throw of, killtwo birds with one stone 103. storey n. a five-~ building = a building of five storeys = a five-~ed building cf: floor 104. straight adj & adv. get sth ~ / right (= understand sth), go ~ home / come ~ to the point / go ~ ahead sit / stand ~, straight away = right now / right off / immediately / at once 105. strand vt. be ~ed in deserts / on the shore / in the middle of the traffic /in a strange city, ~ed tourists 106. strange adj. It’s ~ that sb (should) do sth. S~ to say, he won. 107. street n. on Fifth ~ / at 311 Fifth ~ 108. strength n. a. 体力,力量 have no ~ to get up b. 实力 enhance its ~ c. 强度 the ~ of a rope 109. strengthen vt. ~ discipline / unity / a government 110. stress n a. be under ~ / pressure, suffer from the ~, ~ and strain b. lay / put / place ~ / emphasis on c. 重音 The ~ falls on the first syllable vt. a. ~ / emphasize the importance of sth b. a ~ed syllable 111. stretch vt. ~ a a rope / a pair of shoes / ~ one’s arms vi. The forest ~es for miles cf. spread / extend / expand 112. strict adj be ~ with sb / be hard on / severe on sb, be ~ in one’s work 113. strike v. (struck, struck) a. S~ while the iron is hot. ~ sb in the face b. ~ one’s head against the wall c. The clock struck 12. d. An idea struck / occurred to him = He struck / hit on an idea. e. what struck sb most, be struck by the beauty of the West Lake f. ~ a match g. ~ for high salary h. stricken (比喻) be ~ by the death of their son, poverty-~ areas 114. strive v. (strove, striven) ~ to do / for / against ~ to win / ~ for success / against disease 115. struggle v. a. ~ / fight with/ against / for b. (= strive) ~ to stay warm and alive 116. subject n. a. which ~ do you like best? b. the ~ of the essay, change the ~ c. the ~ of the sentence 117. substitute a. vt. ~ A for B ~ plastics for metal syn. replace B with A, exchange B for A / trade A for B b. vi&n A can ~ for B = A can be used as a ~ for B = A can take the place of B 118. suburb n in the ~s of Shanghai 119. succeed v. ~ in doing sth, fail to do / in sth 120. success n. Failure is the mother of ~. As a writer he was a ~. The meeting turned out to be quite a ~. 121. such no / one / few / any / some / many / all such + n a. such a man, one such man, no such man, no such books, two / many such tables, all such possibilities b. such a good film = so good a film, such a lot of people = so many people, such fine weather c. such a genius as you = a genius like you d. Such are the facts. e. Such a nice man did he seem that we all believe him. 表示程度的”such”置句首要倒装 122. suck vt ~ a breast, Bees ~ honey from flowers. ~ knowledge into one’s mind 123. sudden adj. be not a little surprised at his ~ death n. all of a ~ = all at once / suddenly 124. suffer vt. 遭受 ~ pain / heavy losses / defeat / insult / hardship vi. ~ a lot, ~ from headaches, ~ from floods / cold and hunger 125. sufficient adj be ~ for one’s need, cf: adequate The supply is not ~ to the demand. 126. suggest v. a. ~ sth ( to sb) / doing / ~ that sb (should) do sth b. His pale face ~ed that he was ill. n. suggestion make a ~ (to sb)

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127. suit vt Will Friday ~ you? No dish ~ all taste. The coat ~s me. ~ sth to ~ the play to the audience be ~ed to / for = be suitable for n. a bathing / sports ~, a ~ of clothes 128. sum n. a (large) ~ of money, He was fined the ~ of 200 pounds. 129. summarize vt. ~ sth ~ the report in a couple of sentences summary n. a news ~, write a ~ of the report, in ~ = in brief / short / conclusion 130. sunset n. produce a wonderful effect of ~, finish work at sunset 131. superior adj. be ~ to sb / sth feel ~ to others, The engine is ~ in many respects to that one. ant. be inferior to sb n. obey / respect one’s ~s 132. supply vt. ~ sth to sb = ~ sb with sth n. ~ and demand, in short ~, a good ~ of sth, medical supplies 133. support v.t ~ sb (in sth), ~ed by his friends, ~ (=provide for) his family / oneself n. in ~ (=aid) of 134. suppose vt.&vi. ~ you were in my position. I ~ her to be about 50. I ~ so / not. be ~d to do sth =should do sth, suppose / supposing = if / providing / provided (that) 135. sure adj. be ~ of / about sth, be ~ to do, be ~ that, make ~ of sth / to do / that know sth for ~, ~ enough 136. surf v. ~ the Internet, going ~ing 冲浪 n. ~ board 137. surgeon n. --- physician surgery n. be qualified in ~ and medicine 138. surprise n.& vt. (Much) to our ~ = What surprised us (greatly)… / be ~d to do sth / at sth / that 139. surround vt. ~ sb with / by sth 140. surrounding surroundings Animals in zoos are not in their natural ~s. 141. survey vt. a. ~ the population growth b. ~ the coast n. make a ~ of, Surveys show that 142. survive vt. ~ an earthquake / a shipwreck / the fire vi. Of the wounded, only 3 ~d. ~ (=live) on $200 a month 143. suspect vt. ~ sb of (doing) sth, ~ sb /sth to be, ~ that ~ sb of murder / to be a murderer, ~ sb of having stolen the car 2 suspected SARS cases n. 嫌疑犯 He is a suspect in the murder case. 144. swallow vi ~ the pills, Chew your food properly before ~ing it. n. One ~ doesn’t make a summer. 145. swift adj be ~ to do / in doing, The river is too ~ to swim . a ~ runner, a ~ reply / reaction / decision 146. switch vi. ~ on / off the radio, ~ to modern methods, ~ roles with each other 147. symbol n. a. The lion is the ~ of courage. b. Au is the chemical ~ for gold. 148. symbolize vt. ~ sth with / as sth The poet has ~d his love with a flower.那诗人用花象征他的爱人 149. sympathy n. feel great ~ for / towards sb, be in ~ with sb, have no ~ with sb 150. symptom n. relieve the ~s of the disease T 1. take in a. ~ ~ (= absorb) oxygen / water / knowledge b. ~ ~ (include / cover) 6 countries c. H’s homeless. Let’s ~ him ~. The coat needs to be taken in. d. ~ sb ~ = cheat sb You’re taken in. e. ~ ~ the meaning of the sentence 2. take off The plane took off despite the fog. / ~ ~ your coat, hat, shoes, trousers… 3. take on ~ ~ a new look / ~ ~ extra work / ~ ~ new staff / ~ ~ a vital role 4. take over ~ ~ the company from his father --- hand it over to his son 5. take up ~ ~ one’s pen / ~ ~too much room / ~ ~ writing / ~ ~ a challenge /~ ~ one’s duties / ~ ~ the story where he had left off / The skirt needs taking up = shortening / 6. talent n. possess/ have a remarkable ~ for music / a painter of great ~ 7. talented adj. = gifted a ~ musician 8. tame adj. ~ animals ant. wild animals 9. tap v. ~ sb on the shoulder, ~ at the door n. feel a ~ on one’s shoulder, turn off the ~ 10. taste n. to one’s ~, have excellent ~ in art / music etc, personal ~, a sense of ~ vi. ~ sour / bitter / sweet vt. ~ the soup / the wine, ~ the sweets and bitters of life 11. tax n. increase taxes by 5 %, pay ~es, income ~es vt. ~ sb / sth ~ the rich and poor alike 12. target n. hit / miss the ~, aim at the ~, he latest target for TV advertisers is … / become the ~ of sth

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13. tear vt. (tore, torn) ~ a sheet of paper in two, in half, into halves / ~ a parcel open / ~ a page out of a book n. burst into tears / laughter = burst out crying / laughing 14. televise V. be televised live / in colour 15. tell ~ A from B/ the difference between A and B, ~…apart . I can’t tell what will happen in the future. 16. temper n in a good ~ (mood / humor), lose / control / keep one’s ~, 17. temperate adj. a. 温带的 temperate zones / plants b.温和的 a ~ man, be more ~ in your language 18. temporary adj. ~ employment, a ~ job / bridge ant. permanent 19. tempt vt. ~ sb to do / into doing sth n. temptation resist the ~ to do / of sth 20. tend v. tend a. ~ to do, ~ to / towards sth Women ~ to live longer than men. ~ towards extreme views b. 照管 ~ one’s sheep, 护理 ~ the sick = attend (to) / care for the sick n. tendency 21. tendency n ~ to do sth / ~ to / towards sth show a ~ to improve, a ~ towards fatness / to get fat There’s a growing ~ for students to study abroad. 22. tender adj a. ~ meat, a ~ plant b. be a tender parent c. have a ~ heart 心肠软 23. tense n. past ~ adj a ~ atmosphere / game, ~ muscles 24. term n. in ~s of 就…来说 , in the long / short ~ 25. terrific adj. a. drive at a ~ speed, a ~ tornado b. do a ~ (=excellent) job, The view is ~. 26. terror n. to one’s ~, terrorism /anti-terrorism / terrorist / terrorist attacks 27. test v. ~ sb on grammar, ~ a new drug on sb, have one’s eyesight ~ed,~ one’s honesty / the quality of water n have a blood ~, an intelligence ~, score 90 on the ~, a severe ~, stand the ~ 28. theft n. suspect sb of a ~, insure a house against fire and ~, guilty of ~ 偷窃罪 29. thereby therefore / hence / thus 30. thirsty adj feel ~, be ~ for knowledge 31. thought n. without ~ / deep, lost in ~ / food for ~ = sth to think about seriously read one’s mind, thoughts / second ~(s) 重新考虑后 / on second thought 32. thorough adj. a ~ description, give the room a ~ cleaning = clean the room ~ly 33. threat n. make ~s against sb / carry out a (~ to do sth) / Terrorism is a ~ to the whole country. 34. threaten vt. ~ sb with sth / a species ~ed with, by extinction / ~ to kill all the passengers 35. throat n have a sore ~, clear one’s ~ 36. thunder n. hear the ~, a ~ of applause vi. It ~ed all night. 37. thus adv a. ~ / so far, He spoke ~. b. The new machine works twice as fast, ~ greatly reducing costs 38. tide n Time and ~ wait(s) for no man. 39. tidy adj. clean and ~ 40. tie vt ~ a sheep to the tree, with his hands ~d behind him, ~ up a parcel 41. time n. ahead of ~, all the ~, at the same ~, in no time, keep pace with the times, at one ~ cf: at a ~ 42. tip vt. ~ sb $5 (for doing sth) n give sb a ~, ~s on hair care, on the tip of one’s tongue 43. tire adj. ~ sb to death, be ~d out = be worn out / be exhausted = give out be ~d of = be sick of / be bored with / be fed up with 44. toast n. propose a ~ to sb/ sth, propose a ~ the one’s friendship, drink a ~ to sb 45. tone n. speak in an angry, impatient, encouraging ~ / a rising, falling ~ 46. tongue n. on the tip of one’s ~, a slip of the ~ / the pen, one’s mother ~ = one’s native language 47. top n at the ~ of one’s voice, among the ~ students, feel on ~ of the world, from ~ to toe / bottom 48. total adj a. the ~ amount / number b. ~ failure / ignorance n What’s the ~? A ~ of $100, in ~ = 49. touch adj. ~ sb on the arm, be deeply ~ed (=moved / affected), leave sth untouched, ~ on sth n. a sense of ~, feel a ~ on one’s arm, be in / out of ~ with, keep in / get in ~ with, lose ~ with 50. tough adj as ~ as leather, a ~ steak 咬不动,a ~ (=hard) problem, get / be ~ with sb 51. tour n make / go on / take a ~ to / of sp, The band is on ~ in France,make a successful tour of Austria 52. trace vt. ~ sth / sb (back) (to sth) ~ the criminal to the station, be ~d back to the Ming Dynasty

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53. trade n foreign ~, ~ mark, join the ~ union, the World T~ center vt. ~ A for B (with sb), ~ in grain with sb 54. tradition n. By ~, people play practical jokes on 1 April First. / It’s a ~ for sb to do sth = It’s traditional for sb to do sth 55. tragedy n. find the cause of the tragedy. tragic adj. a tragic accident 56. transfer v. 搬, 调动, 转移, 转换 ~ the books (from the table) to a shelf / ~ the boy to another school vi. At London we ~ed from train to bus. n . the transfer passengers 转机的乘客 / ask for a ~ 要求调动 57. transplant vt. transplant organs 58. transport vt. ~ sb / sth from Shanghai to Beijing, ~ by air n. = transportation public ~ / transport 59. trap v. n. set, lay a ~ for sb / be caught in a ~/ fall into a ~ // be ~ped/ stranded in 60. travel v. ~ around the world / go ~ling n. cf. trip, journey, tour, voyage 61. treat v. ~ sb as, like his own child / ~ his remark as a joke / ~ him, his disease / ~ him for his disease ( cf. cure sb of his illness) / ~ the kids to candies 62. tremble vi. His voice ~d with cold. ~ at the thought of sth, ~ing hands 63. trend n. a growing ~ towards smaller families, set a new trend in 开创…的新潮流 64. trick n. play a ~ on sb vt. ~ sb into ( doing) sth, out of (doing) sth 65. trip n. go on / take / make a ~ to sp cf: tour / journey / travel voyage 66. trouble n. have trouble in doing sth , with sth / take great trouble to do sth / ask for ~ / get into ~, put sb to the ~ of doing vt. ~ sb with sth /to do sth 67. true adj. be ~ of sth, ~ to nature / life, a ~ friend / story, come ~, ring (=sound) ~, It’s too good to be ~. 68. trust n. leave one’s money in a ~ fund, have ~ in sb = ~ in / believe in sb / have belief in sb vt. ~ sb 69. try ~ to do / doing, ~ the case 审理这案件 ,try out the machine, the idea ~ on the hat, glasses, the coat… 70. tune n. whistle a ~, dance to the ~, be out of tune / The piano and the violin are in tune. cf: tone 71. turn sb down, turn sth in / into/ off / on, turn out to be good,turn sth over to sb, turn to sb for help, ~ up 72. typical adj. ~ British weather, be ~ of sb / sth U 1. unable adj. He stood leaning against the wall, ~ to speak. 2. unaware adj. be ~ of danger, be ~ of my presence / that I was present 3. unconscious adj. a. be ~ of sth b. He was found lying on the sofa, ~. 4. undergo vt. underwent undergone 经受,经历,遭受 ~ great changes, ~ hardships / suffering, ~ reform 5. understand vt. make oneself understood / heard 6. understanding adj. You’re most ~. n. increase the ~ between the two countries ant. misunderstanding 7. undertake vt (undertook, undertaken) ~the demanding physical work / ~ a task, ~ responsibility 8. unfit adj. be ~ for sth / to do sth 9. union n. trade ~, Chairman of the Students’ Union 10. unique adj. a ~ style, a ~ work of art / special difficulties ~ to the blind 11. unite vt. ~ A with B, ~ in fighting / to fight SARS, be ~d as one, United we stand, divided we fall. 12. unlighted adj. with an ~ cigar in his mouth 13. untouched adj. leave the cake ~/ work unfinished, turn away from the man-made town to the ~ country, 14. upright adj. an ~ tree / piano, make the ship ~, be respected as an ~ man adv. sit / stand ~ 15. upset upset vt. ~ / destroy / disturb the balance of nature, ~ a bottle of ink, one’s stomach adj. feel ~ at not being invited 16. urban adj ~ life/ areas ant rural 17. urge vt. ~ sb to do / one’s doing / that sb (should) He ~d us to go / our going / that we go. ~ sb + adv / prep ~ sb on 激/鼓励,~d by his friend, ~ sb on (to greater efforts) 激/鼓某人励更加努力 18. urgent a. an ~ message / case / cry for help, be in ~ need of repair, It’s most ~ that we operate.

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19. use n. make (full, good) use of make the most, best of sth 20. usual as is ~ children / as ~ / business as ~ / It is usual for sb to do sth V 1. vacant adj. a ~ seat / room, have some ~ positions, n. vacancy No vacancies. 2. vacation n. on ~ = on holiday, the Christmas/ Easter ~ 3. vague adj. a ~ answer, demand / ~ memories, hopes / the ~ outline of a ship in the fog / be ~ in, about one’s plans 4. value n. the ~ of reading, be of great / little / no ~ (to sb) vt. ~ one’s advice / friendship, ~ the flat at $8000 5. vary vi a. Opinions ~ from person to person b. Prices ~ (=change) with the seasons /with the quantity. vt. ~ the method of work adj. various for ~ reasons, in ~ parts of the world 6. variety n a. a new ~ of wheat b. His lacks ~. c. a ~ of for a ~ of (= various) reasons 7. venture n. a joint ~, a profitable ~ cf: adventure The A~s of Marco Polo 8. very adj. the ~ book(=just the book) I’m looking for, be caught in the ~ act of stealing, the ~ image of sb 9. vice versa Students should learn from teachers and ~ 10. victim n. ~s of earthquake / explosion / shipwreck… 11. view n. come into ~ / from one’s point of ~ / a bird’s eye ~ / in ~ of sth = considering / with a ~ to doing enjoy a superb ~ of Hong Kong from the peak 12. vigour n. work / grow with ~, work with vigour and hopefully in a good homour , full of ~ (=energy) cf: energy / power / strength 13. visible adj. be visible / insvisible / accessible / available to sb 14. vision n. a. have poor ~ b. a statesman of ~ c. the romantic ~s of young 15. visit n & vt. on one’s ~ to sp, ~ sb = pay a ~ to sb syn call on sb / at sp, drop in on sb / at sp, 16. vital adj. be ~ to health, It’s ~ that sb (should) do sth. His ~ and cheerful manner filled us with courage. 17. vivid adj. ~ description/ dream/ imagination/ memory 18. volume n a. the ~ of the container b. the first ~ of the Selected Works of Lu Xun c. ~ control, turn the ~ down 19. vote n. give one’s ~ to /for 投赞成…票, cast a ~, take a ~ on = ~ on 对…投票表决 vi. ~ for / agianst W 1. wait on sb syn attend to / tend / tend to / care for / look after, ~ for, ~ for sb to do, ~ to be served 2. wake vi. ~ up with a start vt. ~ sb up 3. waken vi. = wake (up) / awake / awaken vt. be ~ed by a loud noise 4. walk vi & n. people from all ~s of life, take a ~, a 2-hour ~ = 2 hours’ ~, 5. wander vi. ~ about the world / through the street, hang about / around 6. warn v. ~ sb of sth, ~ sb of the dnger ~ sb against sb / sth, ~ sb against doing =not to do sth, ~ sb that 7. wash vi. ~ up / awy / over, do some ~ing, doing ~ing up 8. waste: v. ~ words on the subject / ~ humour on him / lose, ~ no time in doing sth / ~ one’s breath on sth / ~ not, want not / n. It’s a ~ of time to do, doing 9. waterproof adj. ~ clothes bulletprrof / fireproof / soundproof 10. wave v. vt ~ goodbye / farewell to sb, ~ sb to come, ~ sb a greeting n at the mercy of wind and ~s 11. wear vt. ~ red (clothes) / wathes / a ring / one’s hair long, ~ a serious look, worn (out) clothes vi. ~ well 12. weave vt. order the cloth to be woven, ~ cloth out of thread= ~ thread into cloth, ~ facts into a story 13. weep vi ~ at the sad news, ~ fro joy / with pain / over the death of her son 14. weigh vt ~ sb / sth ~ the basket, ~ one’s words 斟酌词句, ~ (=consider) sth in one’s mind 15. weight n be sold by ~, gain / put on / lose ~, take a ~ off one’s mind 16. welcome vt. ~ sb warmly but: The book was well received. n give sb a warm / cold ~ adj. You are ~ to (use) / to the use of my car. Orders are ~. ~ sb to sp, ~ in a new year interj ~ back / to Beijing 17. while conj. n. W~ in prison, she wrote her first novel. / The boys are playing while the girls are reading. /

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W~ I admitted that there are problems, I don’t agree that they can not be solved. after a while / for a while 18. whirl vt The wind ~ed my hat away. vi. The leaves ~ed as they fell. n. the ~ of a falling leaf 19. whisper v & n. They’re ~ing = talking in a ~ / in ~s. ~ the answer to me, ~ in one’s ear 20. whistle n. blow a ~, give a ~ of surprise vi He ~d. The wind ~d through the tiny crack in the door. 21. whole adj. with all one’s heart (= one’s whole heart ), as a ~ cf: on the ~ 22. wide open your syes / moutn ~ cf: widely be ~ read / accepted vt. widen 23. widespread SARS is becoming more ~. There’s a ~ public concern about the problem.公众普遍关注 24. will n. against one’s ~, Where there is a ~, there is a way. adj. willing be ~ / ready to do 25. wipe vt ~ the sweat from one’s face, ~ off the water 26. wish v. &n. ~ / hope for, ~ sb good luck/success / a pleasant journey , ~ that + (subjunctive mood), 27. wit n. be full of ~. 情趣横益 at one’s ~’s end, be scared / frightened out of one’s ~s 28. withdraw vt. a. 抽回 ~ one’s hand from the stove b. 收回 ~ one’s remarks / one’s troops c. 提取~ money (=draw) $5000 from one’s bank account vi. 撤退, 撤离~ from the room / the election n. withdrawal 29. witness n. a. a ~ of the accident b.证据,证言 give ~ in a law court vt. I ~ed the murder. vi. ~ to the truth of a statement 证明…确实 30. wonder vi. I ~ if he’ll succeed. I ~ (=am surprised) at his learning. n. a. do / perform / work / accomplish ~s, a ~ drug b. be filled with ~, be lost in ~ c. no wonder (that) 31. word n by ~ of mouth, in a ~, in other ~s, keep / break / eat / go backone’s ~, on one’s ~ of honour, waste / spend one’s ~, translate sth ~ for ~, in words, have ~s with sb, put in a ~ for sb, weigh one’s ~ 32. worldwide n. a ~ influence, ~ economic trends, cars with a ~ reputation 33. work n. hard ~ / a ~ of art /, complete ~s of Shakespeare, The engineering ~s is /are closed for the holidays / at ~ (on sth) = busy doing sth, in / out of ~ 34. work out How will things ~ ~? / ~ ~ regularly to keep fit /~ ~ a problem 35. worn adj. be ~ out with work / come back ~ and worried / a ~-out coat / 36. worse adj to make matter ~, what’s ~, ~ still, from bad to ~, for better for ~ / or ~ 不论好坏 37. worth adj ~ $ 5 / all that much, A bird in the hand is ~ two in the bush. ~ a visit / visiting = worthy of a visit / of being visited / to be visited, be worthy of the name, It’s worthwhile to do sth, a worthwhile career n 10 pounds’ ~ of petrol 38. worthy adj. be ~ of sth / being done / to be done 39. wrap vt a. ~ sb / sth in be ~ped in the blanket b. ~ sth round c. be ~ped up in = be absorbed in 40. wreck vt The ship was ~ed in a storm. The weather ~ed our plan. n The storm caused a lot of ~s. save the ship from ~ 41. wrinkle n. ~s round one’s eyes / in one’s face / on one’s hands, iron out the ~s in the dress 42. zone n time / temperate ~s, an economic ~, a war / danger ~

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