2011 年江苏省示范性高职院校单独招生入学考试 岔河中学 英语模拟试题一 20102.26 注意事项：本书卷共 8 页，四大题，满分 100 分。考试时间 75 分钟。 第一部分：单项选择 （共 15 题，15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳选项，并将答案填写 在题号前的括号中。 （ ）1. I’m very busy today a
nd can’t go with you, but _______ time next Monday will do. A. other B. no C. any D. each （ ）2. The foreigner knows _______ Chinese that he can hardly understand what I mean. A. such little B. so little C. so limit D. so poor （ ）3. —What did the boy’s grandmother say? —She said that her grandson went__________. A. to the swimming pool happily every day B. happily every day to the swimming pool C. every day happily to the swimming pool D. every day to the swimming pool happily （ ）4. What would you have to do if you ______ to meet him? A. are B. have C. will be going D. were （ ）5. With his composition ______, he went out to play. A. completed B. to be completed C. completing D. having completed （ ）6. ________ he explained, ________ we seemed to understand. A. Not only, but also B. Because, so C. Neither, nor D. The more, the less （ ）7. It ________ who did the good deed. A. was them B. was they C. were them D. were they （ ）8. They have been working on this since ______. A. two hours ago B. a long time C. the light is on D. two hours before （ ）9. Mr. Smith was very strict with his students, _______Miss Brown seldom was. A. that B. for C. which D. like （ ）10. ________ the Suez Canal was dug, the Arabs no longer live only on their crops. A. The spot B. Where C. When D. There （ ）11. Every means ________ to protect the plant from the burning sun. A. were tried B. was tried C. have tried D. has tried （ ）12. He felt very sorry to have spent the whole morning ______TV. A. to watch B. watching C. to be watching D. to have watched （ ）13. He will phone back the moment he _______there. A. will get B. got C. is going to get D. gets （ ）14. He ______on the bus when he heard himself called from behind, so he turned round. A. got B. would get C. was about to get D. has got （ ）15. As he was caught ______, he was sent to the police station. A. to steal B. steal C. stealing D. stole
第二部分：完形填空（共 20 小题，30 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 将答案填写在题号前的括号中。 I came to study in the US last fall. My life had been quite 16 since I arrived at Andover. Although I had quite a few extracurricular (课外的) activities, I hadn’t taken any official leadership position. This 17 changed when I received an e-mail from Ms Griffith, my cluster dean (主 任), 18 that a few female DC Rep was needed. DC Rep 19 Discipline Committee Representative. 20 boarding school students break serious rules, like using 21 , getting drunk or cheating in the studies. The punishments given to such students are 22 by a DC Rep, a house counselor, two student representatives, the cluster dean. I was really interested in becoming a DC Rep for my cluster, Pine Knoll, 23 so were five other students. We had to hold 24 and Ms Griffith asked us to write 25 to be sent to everyone in Pine Knoll. I thought hard about what to write. I didn’t want to make any 26 because they are difficult to keep. I didn’t want to say I was experienced, because I was not. So I started my speech by explaining 27 I wanted to become a DC Rep. “ I want to serve Pine Knoll and also learn how American boarding schools carry out disciplines,” I wrote 28 . I made three 29 that said “ Vote For Teresa” and put them on every exit (出口处) of my dorm so that people would 30 my name when they went to vote. Although I tried hard, I didn’t win the election, I was 31 . But my positive nature didn’t allow me to 32 for very long. I actually 33 when my friends tried to comfort（安慰） me. “Teresa, I’m sorry that you didn’t win the election,” they would say. “ No, don’t be sorry for me. I am very happy to have taken part in the election.” I said. It is true: the 34 is much more important than the result. I am surprised and happy to discover my hidden 35 . （ ）16. A. hard B. terrible C. happy D. simple （ ）17. A. condition B. situation C. time D. life （ ）18. A. explaining B. writing C. saying D. talking （ ）19. A. stands for B. asks for C. calls for D. looks for （ ）20. A. Usually B. Sometimes C. often D. Sometimes （ ）21. A. computers B. drugs C. cars D. mobiles （ ）22. A. carried out B. given C. determined D. made （ ）23. A. or B. although C. but D. therefore （ ）24. A. a discussion B. a meeting C. an election D. a selection （ ）25. A. articles B. speeches C. compositions D. introductions （ ）26. A. mistakes B. movements C. promises D. requests （ ）27. A. how B. whether C. when D. why （ ）28. A. seriously B. easily C. fluently D. honestly （ ）29. A. posters B. advertisements C. speeches D. promises （ ）30. A. recognize B. remember C. forget D. know （ ）31. A. satisfied B. surprised C. disappointed D. helpless （ ）32. A. put out B. look down C. feel down D. lie down （ ）33. A. smiled B. cried C. laughed D. sorrowed （ ）34. A. reason B. attitude C. process D. aim
（ ）35. A. strength
第三部分：阅读理解（共 5 篇短文，20 小题，40 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题中所给的 ABCD 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并将答案 填写在题号前的括号里。 A With fifteen years Britain and other nations should be well on with the building of huge industrial complexes of the recy cling of waste. The word "rubbish" could lose its meaning because everything which goes into the dumps would be made into something useful. Even the most dangerous and unpleasant wastes would provide energy if nothing else. The latest project is to take a city of around half a million citizens and discover exactly what raw materials go into it and what go out. The aim is to find out how much of these raw materials could be provided if a plant for recycling waste were built just outside the city. This plant would recycle not only metal such as steel, lead and copper, but also paper and rubber as well. Another new-project is being set up to discover the best way of sorting and separating the rubbish. When this project is complete, the rubbish will be processed like this: First, it will pass through sharp metal bars which will tear open the plastic bags in which rubbish is usually packed; then it will pass through a powerful fan to separate the lightest elements from the heavy solids; after that founders and rollers will break up everything that can be broken. Finally, the rubbish will pass under magnets (磁铁), which will remove the bits of iron and steel; The rubber and plastic will then be sorted out in the final stage. The first full-size giant recycling plants are perhaps fifteen years away. Indeed, with the growing cost of transporting rubbish to more distant dumps, some big cities will be forced to build their own recycling plants before long. 36. The underlined part "should be well on with"(Para. 1 ) most probably means__________. A. complete B. get ready to start C. achieve a great deal in D. put an end to 37. What is not mentioned as a part of the recycling process described in Paragraph 3? A. Breaking up whatever is breakable. B. Sharpening metal bars. C. Separating light elements from the heavy ones. D. Sorting out small pieces of metal. 38. What's the main reason for big cities to build their own recycling plants? A. To deal with wastes in a better way. B. To protect the environment from pollution. C. To get raw materials locally. D. To make much money from those plants. 39. The passage is mainly about _______ A. a cheap way to get energy B. the place of recycling plants C. new ways of recycling wastes D. the probability of city environment
B Visit Iceland and you'll enter a whole new region of experience. You'll discover original nature as you've never seen it before, and the equally Original people for whom timeless nature, ancient heritage and modem lifestyle coexist in harmony. The freedom to wander in the city or the wilds as you please is the key to the Iceland experience. Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland, is just a part of the Icelandic experience with its midnight sun or the magical landscapes mixed with ice and fire. Reykjavik has a population of around 170,000 and offers an interesting mix of cosmopolitan (世界各地的) culture and local village roots. Old accounts say the ancient gods themselves guided Iceland's first settler to make his home in Reykjavik. He named the place Reykjavik (Steamy Bay ) after the geothermal (地热) steam he saw, which today heats homes and outdoor swimming pools throughout the city, a pollution-free energy source that leaves the air outstandingly fresh, clean and clear. A beautiful river runs through the city limits, and so do fine parks and even wild outdoor areas. In the outskirts are places for horse trekking and golf. But against this backcloth of nature, Reykjavik has a packed program of familiar city joys too: art museums, several theaters, an opera house, a symphony orchestra and concerts meeting the needs of the whole spectrum of age and taste. One must for all visitors is dining out on Icelandic specialties, including delicious seafood, ocean-fresh from the morning's catch, highland lamb and unusual varieties of game. Its purely natural food imagiriatively served to delight the most disceming(内行的)of diners. Reykjavik is also famous as one of Europe's hottest nightspots, where the action on the friendly pub and nightlife scene lasts right through the night. In the evening, the downtown area filled with activity, reaching its peak on Friday or Saturday. The number of pubs, cafe, discos, and other night-spots in the downtown area is astonishing. There is a rich variety of places to go. European-style cafes, nightclubs with live entertainment, dance halls for seniors, sports-theme pubs with big TV screens, cafes that offer over 100 types of beer, an Irish pub, a Spanish cafe, a French wine bar... Walking distances are short downtown, and everything worth seeing outside the city center can be quickly and conveniently reached by bus. With its long, easy-going main street and large shopping mall, Iceland's capital is a great place to shop too with a bonus of tax-free shopping for visitors! Be careful not just for souvenirs(纪念品) (especially woolens and handicrafts) but also for stylish consumer goods and designer labels at competitive prices. A full range of accommodations (住宿) is available in Reykiavik, from international-standard hotels with good conference facilities, through smaller hotels and comfortable guest- houses, to a campsite in the city's biggest park. 40. It can be learned from the passage that Reykiavik_______. A. was named by the ancient gods B. got its name from the visitors C. was named by Iceland's first settler D. was named after Iceland's first settler 41. While visiting Iceland, the most enjoyable thing is_______. A. to taste its purely natural food B. to wander freely in the city or the wilds as you please C. to visit the night-spots there
D. to do tax-free shopping 42. Which of the following subjects are mentioned in the fifth paragraph? A. Shopping and accommodations B. Dining and night-spots C. City joys and backcloth of nature D. Transportation and landscapes 43. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. all visitors must dine out while visiting Iceland B. hotel accommodation is so scarce that visitors usually camp in the city's biggest parks C. people living in Reykiavik seldom get heat from coal D. you have to walk a short distance if you want to go sight seeing outside the city C Is it possible to persuade mankind to live without war? War is an ancient practice which has existed for at least six thousand years. It was always bad and usually foolish, but in the past, the human race managed to live with it. Modern cleverness has changed this. Either Man will end the existence of war, or war will end the existence of Man. For the present, it is nuclear weapons (核 武器) that cause the most serious danger, but bacteriological or chemical weapons may, before long, offer an even greater threat. If we succeeded in ending the existence of nuclear weapons, our work will not be done. It will never be done until we have succeeded in ending war. To do this, we need to persuade mankind to look up on international problems in a new way not as contests of force, in which the victory goes to the side which is most skillful in killing people, but by settling in accordance with agreed rules of law. It is not easy to change very old mental habits, but this is what must be attempted. There are those who say that the acceptance of this or that ideology (意识形态) would prevent war. I believe this to be a big mistake. All ideologies are based upon dogmatic statements (强词夺理) which are, at best, doubtful, and at worst, totally false. Their supporters believe in them so deeply that they are willing to go to war in support of them. The movement of world opinion during the past few years has been very largely such as we can welcome. It has become a commonplace that nuclear war must be avoided. Of course very difficult problems remain in the world, but the spirit in which they are coming nearer to is a better one than it was some years ago. It has begun to be thought, even by the powerful men who decide whether we shall live or die, that negotiations should reach agreements even if both sides do not find these agreements wholly satisfactory. It has begun to be understood that the important struggle nowadays is not between different countries but between Man and the atom bomb. 44. This passage implies that war is now_______. A. worse than in the past B. as bad as in the past C. not as dangerous as in the past D. as necessary as in the past 45. In the sentence "To do this, we need to persuade mankind. "( Paragraph 1 ) ,"this" refers to_______. A. to end the existence of war B. to improve weapons
C. to solve international problems D. to live a peaceful life 46. From Paragraph 2 we learn that the writer of the Passage_______. A. is a supporter of some modern ideologies B. does not think that the acceptance of any ideologies could prevent war C. believes that the acceptation of some ideologies could prevent war D. does not doubt the truth of any ideologies 47. According to the writer,_______. A. war is the only way to solve international arguments B. war will be less dangerous because of the improvement of weapons C. it is impossible for people to live without war D. war must be ended if man wants to survive (生存) D If there is no difference in general intelligence (智力) between boys and girls, what can explain girls' poor performance in science and mathematics? It seems to be that their treatment at school is a direct cause. Mathematics and science are seen as subjects mainly for boys, and therefore, as girls become teenagers, they are less likely to take them. Interestingly, both boys and girls often regard the subjects for boys as more difficult. Yet it has been suggested that girls do not take mathematics courses, not be- cause they are difficult, but for social reasons. Girls do not want to be in open competition with boys because they are afraid to appear less feminine (女性的) and attractive. However, if we examine the performance of boys and girls who have taken mathematics courses, there are still more high- achieving boys than there are girls. This difference appears to be world-wide. Biological explanations have been offered for this, but there are other explanations too. Perhaps the difference which comes out during the teenage years has its roots in much earlier experiences. From their first days in kindergarten, boys are encouraged to work on their own and to complete tasks. Facts show that outstanding (杰出的) mathematicians and scientists have not had teachers who supplied answers. Besides, there can be little doubt that teachers of mathematics and science expect their boy students to do better at these subjects than their girl students. They even appear to encourage the difference between boys and girls. They spend more time with the boy students, giving them more time to answer questions and working harder to get correct answers from them. They are more likely to call on boys for answers and to allow them to take the lead in classroom discussion. They also praise boys more frequently. All of this seems to encourage boys to work harder in science and mathematics and to give them confidence(信心) that they are able to succeed. Such a way of teaching is not likely to encourage girls to take many mathematics and science courses, nor is it likely to support girls who do. When it comes to these subjects it seems certain that school widens the difference between boys and girls. 48. The text mainly discusses ______ reasons for the difference between boys and girls in scientific achievements. A. biological B. historical C. social D. personal
49. What are boys usually encouraged to do at school? A. To get help with their homework. B. To play the leading role in class. C. To work with girl students in class. D. To learn to take care of others. 50. What does the passage say about great mathematicians? A. Their teachers did not supply answers to them. B. They started learning mathematics at an earlier age. C. They showed mathematical abilities in their teenage years. D. Their success resulted from their strong interest in math ematics. 51. The author would probably agree that ______. A. boys and girls learn in the same way B. boys and girls are equal in general intelligence C. girls are more confident in themselves than before D. girls should take fewer science courses than boys E Doctors say anger can be an extremely damaging emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They warn that anger can lead to heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and possibly cancer. Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time. Some people express anger openly in a calm reasonable way. Others burst with anger, and scream and yell (咆哮). But other people keep their anger inside. They can not or will not express it. This is called repressing anger. For years many doctors thought that repressing anger was more dangerous to a person’s health than expressing it. They said that when a person is angry, the brain releases the same hormones (荷尔蒙). They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure, or sugar into the blood, etc. In general the person feels excited and ready to act. Some doctors say that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous. They believe that those who express anger violently may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who keep their anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure. Doctors say the solution (解决办法) is learning how to deal with anger. They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the cause is serious enough to get angry about. If it is, they say, “Do not express your anger while angry. Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably.” Doctors say that a good way to deal with anger is to find humor in the situation that has made you angry. They said that laughter is much healthier than anger. 52．“Damaging emotion” means that ______. A．the emotion is harmless B．the emotion is harmful C．the feeling is very strong D．the feeling is hard 53．What statement is right? A．Were you angry, you would be cancered. B．Once you are angry, you must be cancered C．Angry as you are often, you can’t be cancered.
D．Anger may cause you a cancer. 54．Expressing anger violently ______ repressing it according to some scientists. A．is just the same as B．is more harmful than C．is no better than D．is much better than 55．According to the author, you’d better ______. A．never be angry B．cool down you anger before you express it C．laugh and laugh when you get angry D．admit you are wrong when you are angry 第四部分：句子翻译（共 5 小题，15 分） 请将下列各句翻译成英语。 56. 这位著名的教授毕生都在这所大学里教授中文。 57. 这个城市有很多风景名胜，每年都吸引数以万计的旅游者。 58. Jerry 一直很尊敬他的叔叔，因为他是一位杰出的医生，挽救了很多人的生命。 59. 地震可能造成致命疾病的传播。 60. 中国正在北方植树，防止风把沙尘吹到农田上。
2011 年江苏省示范性高职院校单独招生入学考试 岔河中学 英语模拟试题一 参考答案 一、单选 1-5 CBADA 6-10. DBACB 11-15. BBDCC 二、完形填空 16---20 DBCAB 21---25 BCCCB 26---30 CDDAB 31---35 CCACB 三、阅读理解 36-40 CBCBC 41-45BBCAA 46-50 BDCBA 51-55 B BDCB 四、句子翻译 56. The famous professor spent his whole life teaching Chinese at the University. 57. The city has so many places of interest that it attracts millions of tourists every year. 58. Jerry has always looked up to his uncle because he is an excellent doctor who has saved a lot of people’s lives. 59. An earthquake may result in the spread of deadly disease. 60. China is planting trees in the north to prevent the wind from blowing sand onto farmlands.
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