Ⅰ.单词—在语境中默写，在联想中积累 [写得准] 1.opinion n． 主张 2.personally adv. 就自己而言 3.march vi.&n. 行军；游行示威 4.calm adj. 镇静的，沉着的 5.struggle n. 斗争，拼搏 6.protest n．&v. 抗议
[用得活] 意见，看法， 用所给词的适当形式填空 1.It is difficult to predict his reaction (react) because he is so moody. 2.Fortunately (fortunate), the old man was saved by a little boy passing by. 3.China firmly advocates the equality (equal) of all [积得多] 1.“性格”相关形容词集锦 ①generous 慷慨的
②intelligent 聪明的 ③devoted 有献身精神的 ④energetic 有活力的 ⑤ambitious 有雄心壮志的 ⑥creative 富有创造力的 ⑦enthusiastic 充满热情的 ⑧confident 自信的 ⑨calm 镇静的 2.聚焦?tion 后缀名词 ①determination 决定；决心 ②application 申请
7.character n. 人物；性格；汉字 8.atmosphere n. 大气，气氛
9.brilliant adj. 卓越的，辉煌的， nations. 极好的 10.involve vt. 涉及，参与 11.keen adj. 烈的 12.admire 热心的，渴望的；强 4.She first became involved (involve) with the organization in 1998. 5.Personal (personally)
vt. 钦 佩 ， 羡 慕 contact is beneficial to the ④celebration 庆祝；庆祝会
promotion of understanding. ⑤civilization 文明
→admiration n．钦佩，羡慕 13.explore
vt. 探 测 ； 勘 探 6.There was a large crowd in the ⑥consideration 考虑；关心
square, protesting (protest) ⑦expectation 预料；期望 ⑧adaptation 适应 ⑨admiration 钦佩；赞赏 3.“职场经历”相关动词全扫 描 ①appoint 任命；委派 ②dismiss/fire 开除；解雇 ③interview 面试；采访 ④resign 辞职 ⑤apply 申请 ⑥promote 升职
→exploration n．探测；探究；探索 14.promote
vt. 促 进 ， 提 升 against the war.
7.The violent pictures in which some Japanese soldiers were violently shooting the Chinese civilians called of up the the
→promotion n．提升；晋升；推销 15.react vi.反应→reaction n．反 应 16.violent adj.暴力的→violently
adv.猛烈地→violence n．暴力，暴 violence
行 17.equal adj.平等的→equally adv. 平等地→equality n．相等；平等 18.skilful adj. 灵 巧 的 ， 熟 练 的
invaders.(violent) 8.What amazed me most was that the boy had an amazing appetite for American country
→skilfully adv. 熟 练 地 →skill
music.(amaze) 9.As the youngest competitor,_I had to compete in the writing
4.识记“环境”相关单词 ①species n． 物种
②pollution n. 污染
vt.使惊异→amazed adj.惊奇的，吃 contest against 20 other top ③atmosphere n. 大气层
惊的 20.fortunately students for the annual writing ④conservation n. 保护
adv. 幸 运 地 award. I must be competitive to ⑤resource n. 资源
be the winner.(compete) 10.As far as I'm concerned, the boy always does everything he in shows doing ⑥recycle vt. 回收利用 5.盘点?ful 后缀形容词 ①hopeful 充满希望的 ②grateful 感激的 ③colorful 多彩的 ④powerful 强大的 ⑤successful 成功的 ⑥merciful 仁慈的 ⑦skilful 灵巧的
→fortunate adj. 幸 运 的 →fortune
21.injury n． 伤害， 损害→injure vt. 伤害，损害→injured adj.受伤的 22.disabled adj. 残 疾 的 →disable
confidently,_for strong confidence
vt. 使 残 疾 ， 使 不 能 →disability everything.(confident) n．残疾
23.confident →confidently 11.He was injured again in the
game and the injury seemed very
adv. 自 信 地 serious.(injure)
12.He is a kind and generous man
→confidence n．自信；信任 24.compete
vi. 比 赛 ， 竞 争 and he generously contributed a
lot of money to the village last week. is His worth
n．竞争者，对手→competitive adj. school
竞争的；比赛的 25.generous adj. 慷 慨 的 ， 大 方 的 →generously adv. 慷慨地，大方地 →generosity n．慷慨；豁达
Ⅱ.短语—在应用中记牢，在归纳中记多 [写得准] [用得活] [积得多]
选用左栏短语填空 1.The doctors did everything they could to pull_through the 1.millions_of 数百万 patient. 2.The doctor managed to persuade my uncle to give_up smoking so his health is a lot better now. 3.I'm not going to buy it; for one thing I don't like the colour, and for another it's far_too expensive. 4.Alice is going to 1.“数字”短语全接触 ①thousands of 数千 ②billions of 数十亿 ③hundreds of 数百 ④dozens of 许多，数打 ⑤scores of 许多，大量 ⑥hundreds of thousands of 成千上万 ⑦millions of 数百万 2.“依我看”表达种种 ①in my view/opinion ②as far as I know ③according to me not ④ as far as I'm
2.in_my_opinion 在我看来 3.on_one's_own 己 4.give_up 放弃 5.come_to_do_something 开始(认识、 理 解) 6.pull_through 渡过难关；康复 7.commit_suicide 自杀 8.get_on 融洽相处；进展 9.far_too 太??，极为?? 10.come_off_it 别胡扯 11.lift_off 发射，起飞，升空 12.come_to_an_end 结束 13.let_out 解脱；放出去，发出；泄露 14.get_involved_with 参加，参与 15.in_the_course_of 在??的过程中 16.compete_against 与??竞争 单独地，独立地；靠自
compete_against her old friend in the second round. 5.The meeting came_to_an_end at last but they reached no
agreements at all. 6.You'd better
get_involved_with her because she is always telling lies. 7.In_my_opinion,_people need to learn to accept the reality and keep on trying. 8.He isn't good at talking but he gets_on well with other people.
concerned ⑤personally speaking ⑥from my point of view ⑦as I see it
Ⅲ.句式—在解读中学懂，在仿写中学通 [背原句] 1.We were driving along a country lane when suddenly a car drove past us. 我们正沿着一个乡村车道行驶， 正在这 时突然有一辆轿车超过了我们。 [记句式] be doing ...when ... 表示“正在做??这 时/那时??”。 [会仿用] 我正在看 9·3 大阅兵，这时有 人敲门。 I was_watching the Sept. 3rd military parade when someone knocked at the door.
2.Jennifer was in the kitchen, with her hands in a bowl of flour ... 珍妮弗在厨房里，双手在面粉碗里和 面?? 3.Brandi, the sisters' mother, “with＋宾语＋宾语 补足语”结构。
她男朋友进来了， 身后藏着一束 玫瑰花。 Her boyfriend came in,
taught her daughters at home so that they completed their high school while developing their tennis while doing ...状语 从句的省略。
当谈到她的首次太空之旅时， 女 宇航员王亚平显得很激动。 When_referring_to/talking_a bout her first space travel, female astronaut Wang Yaping became very excited.
careers. 布兰迪，这对姐妹的母亲，在家里教她 的女儿们， 使得她们在发展网球事业的 同时也完成了高中学业。
第一板块| 核心单词归纳集释 1．calm adj.镇静的，沉着的 v.使平静下来；(使)镇静下来 [高考佳句] In my opinion, such wonderful things will calm you down easily and give you the courage to move on.(2014·安徽高考书面表达) 在我看来，这么好的事情会让你很容易平静下来并且会给你继续前进的勇气。 (1)be/keep/stay/remain calm (2)calm oneself down calm down 冷静；保持镇静 使自己镇静下来 平息，使平静；平静 下来，镇静下来 ①He took a few deep breaths to calm himself (he) down. 他深深地吸了几口气，使自己平静下来。 ②The police found that it was difficult to_calm_down the angry crowd. 警察发现使愤怒的人群平静下来是很困难的。 [辨析比较] calm, silent, quiet, still 试一试 选择以上词语填空 When facing danger, one should keep ①calm;_when taken photos of, one should keep ②still;_when someone else is asleep, one should keep ③quiet;_in class, one
shouldn't keep ④silent about the teacher's questions. 辨一辨 calm silent quiet still “镇静的，平静的”，主要指人“沉着镇定”，也可指自然界“无风无浪” 主要指人“沉默的，不出声的”，但不一定无活动 “安静的，宁静的”，用于人时，表示生性安静，不易激动；用于自然环境时，表 示没有干扰活动、没有喧闹声的寂静状态 “安静的，不动的”，指没有运动或动作的状态
2.character n．品格，品质；特征，特性；(小说、戏剧中的)人物，角色；(汉)字， 字体；性格 [教材原句] Listen to descriptions of three film characters. 听三位电影角色的描述。 (1)a leading character in character out of character (2)characteristic（of） adj. 主角 符合某人的性格 不符合某人的性格 表现特点的 特征，特性
①I can't believe she lied to me — it seems so out_of_character. 我想不到她会对我撒谎——这不符合她的性格。 ②It's characteristic of her that she never complains. 从来不发牢骚是她的特点。 [一言串记] One may only have a character, but may have many characteristics, all of which build one's character. 一个人可能只有一种性格， 但可能有多种特征或特点， 所有这些特征或特点便构成了一 个人的品质。 3．equal adj.平等的；相等的；胜任的 n.(地位等)相同的人；对手；相等的事物 vt. 等于，比得上 [ 教材原句 ] King didn't want to because he believed black and white people
should enjoy equal rights. 金不想(让座)是因为他认为黑人与白人应该享有平等的权利。 (1)be equal to (doing) sth. 等于/胜任(做)某事
(2)A equals B in ... A 在??方面比得上 B/与 B 相匹敌 (3)without equal 无匹敌者；首屈一指 (4)equality n. 平等
equally adv. 相等地；同等地；均等地； 同样地 ①We need to be active in all kinds of sports, and pay attention to mental health which is_equal_to physical health.(2014·江西高考书面表达) 我们要积极参加各种各样的体育活动，注意身心健康同等重要。 ②Such stupidity is without_equal in the entire history of human relations. 如此愚蠢的行为在整个人际关系史上找不出第二个。 ③Men and women must be treated equally (equal) in education and employment. (2014·陕西高考单词拼写) 男女必须在教育和就业方面得到平等的对待。 [形象记忆]
4．struggle vi.&n.斗争；拼搏；努力；挣扎 [经典例句] Lisa struggled with her conscience before talking to the police.(牛 津 P2006) 莉萨经过一番良心的斗争，终于对警方说了。 struggle for struggle with/against sb./sth. struggle to do sth. struggle to one's feet 为??而斗争 与某人/某物作斗争 努力做某事 挣扎着站起来
①They had to struggle for their lives against weather and wild animals. 为了生存他们不得不与天气和野兽斗争。 ②She struggled_to_her_feet and continued walking. 她挣扎着站起来，继续前行。 ③The company is struggling to_find (find) buyers for its new product. 这家公司正努力为他们的新产品找买家。 5．compete vi.比赛，竞争 [教材原句] He has always been very strict with his daughters, training them hard to compete against each other. 他一直都严格要求他的女儿们，努力地训练她们去互相竞争。 (1)compete for ... 为??而竞争
compete with/against ... compete in ...
与??竞争 在??方面竞争； 参加??比赛
(2)competition n. competitor n. competitive adj.
竞争，竞赛 参赛者；对手 竞争性的
①Small shops can't compete in prices with big companies. 小店是无法在价格上跟大公司进行竞争的。 ② Several companies have announced their intention to_compete_for the construction project. 有几家公司已经宣布他们打算竞争这项建筑工程。 6．amazing adj.令人惊异的 [教材原句] The sisters' road to success has been amazing. 两姐妹的成功之路令人惊异。 (1)It's amazing that ... (2)amaze vt. 令人惊讶的是?? 使惊奇，使惊诧
It amazes sb. that ...＝What amazes sb. is that ... 使某人惊奇的是?? (3)amazed adj. be amazed at/by ... be amazed to do sth. (4)amazement n. to one's amazement in amazement 吃惊的，惊奇的 对??感到惊讶 做某事感到惊讶 惊奇，惊愕 令某人惊讶的是 惊愕地
①We were amazed to_learn (learn) that she had left the hospital D|S18 million. 得知她把 1 800 万美元留给了医院，我们感到很惊讶。 ②What amazed me was that the old man devoted all his money to supporting the local school. ②－1To_my_amazement,_the old man devoted all his money to supporting the local school. ②－2It_amazed_me_that the old man devoted all his money to supporting the local school. 让我惊讶的是，这位老人把他所有的钱都用来资助当地学校。 [联想发散] 可用于“to one's＋n.”结构的抽象名词还有：
delight, surprise, satisfaction, astonishment, disappointment 等。 7．promote vt.促进，提升 [高考佳句] It is for these reasons that I firmly believe that this rule will promote the learning atmosphere and our teamwork spirit.(2015·广东高考读写任务) 正是因为这些原因才使我坚信这条班规将会促进学习氛围和我们的团队精神。 (1)promote ... as ... promote sb.to sth. promote ...from ...to ... 把??从??提升到?? (2)promoter n. promotion n. 发起者，赞助者 提升；提拔；晋升；促进，推销 把??提升为?? 提升/晋升某人到??(职位)
①She worked hard and was soon promoted from a saleswoman to a manager. 她工作勤奋，不久就从销售员提拔为经理了。 ②Many places in Brazil have_been_promoted_as tourist spots because of the 2016 Olympic Games. 由于 2016 年奥运会，巴西的许多地方已被提升为旅游景点了。 8．react vi.反应；发生作用 [教材原句] How did your parents react to the accident? 你的父母对这次事故有何反应？ (1)react to react with react against react on/upon (2)reaction n. 对??作出反应 与??起(化学)反应 反对；反抗 对??有影响 反应
①Children tend to react_against their parents by going against their wishes. 孩子们通常以违背父母的意愿来反抗他们。 ②The rise of the charges for water and electricity will react_on/upon_ living expenses. 水电费的提高将对生活费用产生影响。 9．involve vt.涉及，参与 [教材原句] This is how I got involved with my charity work to improve the
quality of life for all disabled people. 这就是我如何参与慈善活动，改善残疾人生活质量的情况。 (1)be/get involved in 卷入；专注于
involve ...in ...
(2)involve doing sth.＝include doing sth. 包括做某事 be involved with sb. 和某人混在一起；和某 人有密切关系 (3)involvement n. 参与；加入；沉迷
①Students should involve_themselves_in community activities where they can gain experience for growth.(2014·福建高考单选) 学生应该参与社区活动，他们能从活动中获取成长的经验。 ②Michelle found a job as a high school teacher which involves spending (spend) quite a lot of time with students. 米歇尔找到了一份中学老师的工作，(这份工作)需要和学生长时间待在一起。 ③They were so deeply involved_in the matter that they found it hard to pull out. 他们在那个问题上陷得太深，难以自拔。 [名师指津] involved adj.作前置定语时， 意为“复杂的”； 作后置定语时， 意为“涉 及的”。如： an involved sentence“一个复杂的句子”；the people involved“所涉及 的人”。 [单词集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练(单句语法填空/完成句子) 1．I am told that the test will involve answering (answer) questions about a photograph. 2．We waited inside until things calmed down. 3．Don't lose heart.There are many chances for you to get promoted (promote) in this firm. 4．Nobody knows whether he has enough confidence (confident) to carry on this career. 5．It is reported that the government has reacted to the outbreak of violence by sending a large group of soldiers to police the area. 6．The workers will come out and protest against their working conditions. 7．About 5,000 singers competed with/against National Singing Competition. 8．It is out_of_character (不符合??的性格) for John to cheat in the exam.
each other for six medals in the
9．It was one of the_most_amazing_films (最精彩的电影) I've ever seen. 10．Many people around the world admire_China_for (为??而钦佩中国) its great contributions to world peace. Ⅱ.重难点多练 1．struggle 万花筒 (1)单句语法填空 ①Dina, having_struggled (struggle) for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency. ②Struggling to his feet, the boxer continued his match. ③For many years they have been struggling to_end (end) the war. (2)根据汉语提示完成片段 ④Farmers always have to against/with _bad_weather for a better harvest. 农民总是为生计而奋斗。为了更好的收成，他们经常与恶劣的天气对抗。 2．equal 多棱镜 (1)单句语法填空 ①Taking everything into consideration, he's equal to running (run) the office. ②In some countries black people do not have equality (equal) with white people. ③Whatever background you come from, you can be equally (equal) successful with your hard work like many others. (2)完成句子 ④Anyone will be_equal_to_the_job,_as long as he is careful. 只要细心，任何人都能胜任这项工作。 ⑤His paintings are without_equal in the Western world. 他的画在西方世界首屈一指。 Ⅲ.阅读词汇专练 根据语境选出 character 的词性和词义 (A)n.品格，品质 (B)n.性格 struggle_for_a_living. They often struggle_
(C)n.(小说、戏剧中的)人物，角色 (D)n.(汉)字，字体 (E)n.(事物的)性质，特色 ①Hiking by oneself can be fun and good for health. It may also be good for character building.__A__ ②In the story, the main character has left his girlfriend and baby.__C__
③Nowadays many foreigners love to study Chinese characters in China.__D__ ④He has a cheerful but quiet character.__B__ ⑤—The town is so beautiful! I just love it. —Me too.The character of the town is well preserved.__E__
1．give up 放弃；戒除；让给；停止 [经典例句] If we expect people to give up the habit of driving, we must give them an alternative they can rely on.(2016·青岛模拟书面表达) 如果我们期望人们戒掉开车的习惯，我们必须给他们可以依赖的替代品。 give up (doing) sth. give oneself up give away give in give off give out 放弃/停止/戒除(做)某事 自首，投降 赠送；分发；泄露；出卖 屈服，让步，投降(后接 to) 发出(光、热、气味等) 分发；公布；精疲力竭；用完，耗尽
①My father could hardly contain his pride in me, and my mother eventually gave_in before my success. 父亲为我感到十分骄傲，母亲在我的成功面前也最终做出了让步。 ②If she had only a shilling in the world, she would be very likely to_give_away six pence of it. 假设她只有一个先令的话，她很可能会捐出六便士。 ③If plastic and rubber are burnt, they'll give_off poisonous gases. 如果塑料和橡胶被焚烧，它们会放出有毒的气体。 2．pull through 使从(受伤)中活下来；渡过难关 [教材原句] The doctor said I was not going to pull through. 医生说我无法康复了。 pull down pull up pull out pull in (to) pull together 拉下；拆毁；摧毁；推翻 向上拉；(使)停下 拔掉；离开；(火车)离站 到站；(火车)进站 齐心协力
①The father saw the train his son was on pull out,_with his eyes full of tears. 那位父亲眼含泪水看着载着他儿子的火车驶出站。 ②We soon pull_up by the house and I tell her what it was like here, the memories rushing back, swift as the tide. 我们很快在那座房子前停下车， 我告诉她房子是什么样子， 记忆如潮水般快速涌回脑海。 ③Word came that the old buildings in this area would_be_pulled_down to build up an amusement park. 消息传来，这一地区的旧建筑物将被拆除以建一个游乐场。 3．get on 融洽相处；进展；上(车、船等)；继续进行下去 [教材原句] Understanding his wife helps Christopher get on well with her. 了解妻子有助于克里斯多夫与她更好地相处。 get on/along with get across (to sb.) 进展；与??相处 将(想法、信息等)传达给某人 (无被动语态) get around get away with 四处走动(旅行)；(消息等)传播 做错事未受惩罚
①In addition, every student can be in harmony with foreign friends, which makes it easy for you to_get_along/on_with them.(2014·天津高考书面表达) 此外，每个学生与外国朋友要和睦，这使你们容易与他们相处。 ②It took me an hour to get_across my intention to her. 我花了一个小时的时间才使她明白了我的意图。 4．We were_driving along a country lane when suddenly a car drove past us. 我们正沿着一个乡村车道行驶，正在这时突然有一辆轿车超过了我们。 (1)be doing ... when ...意为“正在做??这时(突然)??”，when 为并列连词。 当 when 用作并列连词时，全句重心在 when 引导的句子上。其中 when 不能换成 while, as, then 等。 ①Jim was_watching (watch) a late?night film at home when, right in the middle of a thrilling scene, the television went blank.(2013·陕西高考单选) 吉姆正在家里看午夜电影，恰好演到一个惊险场面时，电视没影像了。 (2)when 用作并列连词句型归纳： had just done ...when ... be about to do ...when ... 刚做完??这时?? 正要做??这时?? 正要做??这时??
be on the point of doing ...when ...
②I was about to give up when my father came and encouraged me to keep
going.(2014·福建高考书面表达) 我正要放弃，这时父亲来鼓励我继续努力。 ③The thief was_on_the_point_of putting his hand into the lady's handbag when the bus suddenly stopped. 小偷正要把手伸进那位女士的手提袋中，这时公共汽车突然停了。 5．Jennifer was in the kitchen, with_her_hands_in_a_bowl_of_flour ... 珍妮弗在厨房里，双手在面粉碗里和面?? with her hands in a bowl of flour 是 with 复合结构，在句中作伴随状语。“with ＋宾语＋宾语补足语”构成 with 复合结构，在句中通常作状语，表示原因、时间、方式、 伴随等。有时也可以作定语，说明所修饰名词的特征。其具体构成为： 形容词/副词/名词 ? ? with＋宾语＋宾补?介词短语 ? ?不定式/现在分词/过去分词 ①With homework finished (finish), they went home happily.
做完作业后，他们高高兴兴地回家了。 ②The young woman, with a baby sleeping (sleep) in her arms, was wandering in the street. 那位年轻的妇女，抱着一个熟睡的婴儿，漫步在大街上。 ③With so many essays to_write (write), he won't have time to go shopping this morning. 有那么多文章要写，他今天早上没有时间去买东西。 ④With the beautiful moon up_in_the_sky,_we sit together and eat moon cakes and fruit, sharing our stories.(2013·辽宁高考书面表达) 美丽的月亮高挂在天空，我们坐在一块吃月饼和水果并且分享我们的故事。 [名师指津] 在“with＋宾语＋宾补”结构中， 不定式表示将来的动作； 现在分词说明 这一动作和前面的宾语之间是主动关系， 或者指这一动作正在进行； 过去分词说明这一动作 与前面的宾语之间是被动关系，或者指这一动作已完成。 [短语句型集成训练] Ⅰ.基础点全练 1．单句语法填空/完成句子 ①They were discussing the problem when someone burst into laughter. ②The long cruel winter came to an end at last, then came a gentle warm spring. ③Each time she moved her leg, she let out a sudden scream. ④How do we explain when babies come to_know (know) things that they didn't
originally know? ⑤She didn't give up her work after she got pregnant. ⑥It's a far_too_long_journey (太长的旅行) to make in one day. ⑦After the doctor treated him carefully for months, he pulled_through (康复) last week. ⑧She and her sister have never really got_on/along_well_with_each_other (彼 此融洽相处)． 2．运用所学短语完成片段 Many competitors ①competed_against/with (与??竞争) each other in the match. ② In_my_opinion ( 在 我 看 来 ), Tom would win the match. Unfortunately, he ③ got_injured (受伤) ④in_the_course_of (在??的过程中) the match. But he didn't ⑤ give_up (放弃). When the match ⑥came_to_an_end (结束), he won it. I really hope Tom will ⑦get_on/along_well_with (进展顺利) his study after he ⑧pulls_through (康 复)． Ⅱ.重难点多练 with 复合结构全方位 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①With a great weight taken (take) off her mind, she passed all the tests successfully. ②With many things to_deal (deal) with, I have to stop listening to the light music. ③With exams approaching (approach), it's a good idea to review your class notes. (2)完成句子 ④The teacher came in with_a_book_in_his_hand (手里拿着一本书)． ⑤I don't know why he left the office with_the_door_open (开着门)．
课时练(一) 单元考点落实练和完形填空提能练 一、单元考点落实练(练基础)(限时：40 分钟) Ⅰ.单词拼写 1．Perhaps there's a negative side to his character (性格) that you haven't seen yet. 2．She says she is not confident (自信的) of buying products online without
looking at models in stores. 3．We were late to get to the airport, but fortunately (幸运地) our plane was delayed. 4．I'll call a strike to protest (抗议) against the job cuts in our company. 5．I couldn't have gone through that bitter period without your generous (慷 慨的) help. 6．These products are of high quality (质量) and able to compete internationally. 7．With this equipment, you can explore (探索) a new world of adventure and underwater beauty! 8．She has a gift for creating an atmosphere (气氛) for her students which allows them to communicate freely with each other. 9．Every day each of us makes decisions that involve (包括) taking a chance. 10．Most believe he would have played for England last week, but for a serious injury (伤害) which put him out of football. Ⅱ.单句语法填空 1．I have_traveled (travel) to most of the cities in China since five years ago. 2．He was robbed last night, but fortunately (fortunate) he didn't have much money on him then. 3．He lay on the ground, with his eyes looking (look) up into the sky. 4．In time you will come to_know (know) the meaning of what I said. 5．As is known to all, the young man is a very skilful (skill) engineer. 6．Susan has just got promoted (promote), which makes her family very pleased. 7．He has been struggling to_succeed (succeed) in his business. 8．Determined to give up smoking (smoke), he threw away his remaining cigarettes. 9．I first met Lisa three years ago. She was_working (work) at a radio shop at the time. 10．The economic situation was serious, but we pulled through. 11．How is he getting on/along with that novel he is writing? 12．He tried to calm down the frightened children, but it seemed in vain. 13．He's smart enough to know that if he gets involved with that crowd, he will be in trouble. 14．I was still sleeping when a fire broke out and then it spread quickly. 15．Even if invited (invite), I won't go to such a bad lecture. Ⅲ.单句改错
1．The first city was probably found no more than 5,500 years ago.found→founded 2．Personal speaking, I agreed with what she said.Personal→Personally 3．He is a man who is good at solving the involving problems.involving→involved 4．Large quantities of information had been offered since the organization was built.had→have 5．When you get married, will you give in your job？in→up 6．We were about to leave for Shanghai while it began to rain.while→when 7．As I grow up, I come to realizing that love is the most precious thing in one's life.realizing→realize 8．It's generous for you to give me so much help.for→of 9. I don't think he is equal to do this kind of work, so I can't hire him.do→doing 10．In our opinions, this policy is completely suited to our present situation. opinions→opinion Ⅳ.课文缩写语法填空 China's first manned spaceship lifted off at 9 a．m. on Wednesday, October 15th, 2003 in Jiu Quan, Gansu Province. It carried China's first astronaut, Yang Liwei， ①who was a pilot in the army. The launch was ②successful (success). “When the spaceship separated ③from the rocket, I suddenly got ④a feeling of soaring into the sky because of the zero gravity，” said Yang Liwei. The Shenzhou V circled the earth 14 times. When the spaceship ⑤was_doing (do) its seventh circle, Yang showed the flags of China and the United Nations, ⑥expressing (express) the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space ⑦peacefully (peaceful)．Yang landed in Inner Mongolia safely at 6：23 a．m. on October 16th. He told reporters that when Shenzhou V let ⑧out its parachute, he felt the ship was shaking. Millions of people all over China ⑨were_watching (watch) TV when the spaceship landed safely. Yang was happy to return home ⑩but he thought 21 hours was too short to stay in space. Ⅴ.用本单元所学知识完成写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 Jack was my good friend. He was a good player and made great contributions to our country. He □ 1 got_on_well_with (与??相处得好) his teammates and instructors. He □ 2 got_involved_with (参加) many important events and made great achievements. After retirement, he made a lot of money □ 3 on_his_own (独自). □ 4 But (But/So/And) he didn't waste money. He has donated most of his money to the Hope Project generously.
5 In_my_opinion (在我看来), he is a brave man. ①He rescued a little girl from □ a big fire and was hit by a big stone last week. Unfortunately, he lost his life. We □ 6 admire_him_for_his_bravery (因他的勇敢而钦佩他)． (二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1．用本单元高级词汇替换加黑单词 (1)player→athlete (2)great→brilliant 2．用“be doing ... when ...”句型改写句① He_was_rescuing_a_little_girl_from_a_big_fire_when_a_big_stone_hit_him_last _week. 二、完形填空提能练(练专项)(限时：20 分钟) (2016·兰州市高三实战考试)Mr.Jackson was blind from birth. He owned a fruit __1__ on a very busy street. __2__ he was visually disabled, he ran his business pretty handsomely. He could see nothing and he could only __3__ the things within his reach. __4__ , he was able to handle it and was content with everything he had. One day his son came to him. He told Mr. Jackson in __5__ that he read in the newspaper of a __6__ who could operate on his eyes and allow him to see. The father and son traveled to the doctor and paid for the __7__ . After the operation, the doctor asked Mr.Jackson: “What is the first thing you are __8__ to see when I take the bandages off？” He replied, “I really want to see my beautiful __9__ on my stand！” The doctor and the son __10__ Mr.Jackson down to the busy street where his fruit stand had been located for so many years. The doctor __11__ unwrapped the bandages __12__ he could lay his eyes on the beautiful fruit! Mr.Jackson was so full of __13__ that he could finally see his life's work — taking care of his fruit! After a few hours of __14__ his beautiful fruit stand, he looked down the street both ways and saw there were quite a few fruit stands in both directions. He looked __15__ the street and saw many other fruit stands. He spent so much time looking at other people's fruit stands and __16__ the competition that soon his own business __17__. From Mr.Jackson's failure, we should know that everyone is a __18__ individual with different fingerprints, DNA and thinking. What we need to do is just be ourselves and __19__ everyone else to be who they are. Mind our own business and we should
never be afraid of the __20__. 语篇解读：本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章通过杰克逊的故事告诉我们：每个人都是独一
无二的，我们要做的就是做自己，管好自己的事情，不要怕与他人竞争。 1．A.stand C．store B．company D．center
解析：选 A 根据下文第 9 题处“I really want to see my beautiful __9__ on my stand！”的提示可知，杰克逊有一个水果摊。 2．A.Because C．Although B．As D．When
解析：选 C 此处表示尽管他失明了，但是他的生意做得相当好。根据语境中的逻辑关 系，应选择 C。 3．A.remember C．imagine B．describe D．feel
解析：选 D 根据文章第一句及前文的“He could see nothing”可知，杰克逊失明了， 什么也看不见，所以他只能感受(feel)他手边的东西。 4．A.Therefore C．Otherwise 解析：选 B B．However D．Besides 下 文 说 他能 够 应 对 这 一 切 ， 与 前文 构 成 转 折 关 系 ， 因 此选 择 B 。
therefore“因此”；however“然而”；otherwise“否则”；besides“而且”。 5．A.pride C．excitement B．doubt D．surprise
解析：选 C 根据下文可知，杰克逊的儿子在报纸上看到有一个医生能治好杰克逊的眼 睛 ， 所 以 他 应 是 兴 奋 地 将 这 一 消 息 告 诉 杰 克 逊 。 pride“ 骄 傲 ” ； doubt“ 怀 疑 ” ； excitement“兴奋”；surprise“惊奇”。 6．A.doctor C．chemist 解析：选 A B．nurse D．volunteer 根据定语从句的内容及下文的“The father and son traveled to the
doctor”可知，此处应指一名医生能治好杰克逊的眼睛。 7．A.information C．service 解析：选 D B．medicine D．operation 根据前文的“who could operate on his eyes”及下文的“After the
operation, the doctor asked Mr.Jackson”可知，此处应指为手术付了款。 8．A.nervous C．eager B．lucky D．afraid
解析：选 C 根据下文的“I really want to see”可知，手术后，医生问杰克逊：“当 我拆掉绷带时，你渴望见到的第一件东西是什么？”be eager to do sth.“渴望做某事”。
解析：选 C 根据第 1 题处可知，他有一个水果摊，所以他想看看水果摊上的水果。 10．A.sent C．followed 解析：选 B B．accompanied D．invited 此 处 指 医 生 和 儿 子 陪 同 杰 克 逊 去 他 的 水 果 摊 。 send“ 派 遣 ” ；
accompany“陪同”；follow“跟随”；invite“邀请”。 11．A.suddenly C．carefully 解析：选 C B．curiously D．firmly 医生小心地解开绷带。suddenly“突然”；curiously“好奇地”；
carefully“小心地”；firmly“坚定地”。 12．A.so that C．even if B．in case D．if only
解析：选 A 医生解开绷带以便让杰克逊看到美丽的水果。so that“以便”，引导目 的状语从句。in case“以防万一”；even if“即使”；if only“要是??就好了”。 13．A.regret C．courage B．joy D．relief
解析： 选 B 杰克逊终于能看到他的水果了， 他感到非常高兴。 regret“遗憾”； joy“欢 欣，喜悦”；courage“勇气”；relief“缓解，宽慰”。 14．A.enjoying C．judging 解析：选 A B．checking D．making 杰克逊对自己的水果摊欣赏几个小时后，他看到街两旁有很多水果摊。
enjoy“欣赏，喜爱”；check“核查”；judge“判断”；make“制造”。 15．A.above C．through B．within D．across
解析：选 D 他往街对面看，看到了许多其他的水果摊。look across“向对面看，眺 望”。注意 look through 表示“浏览”。 16．A.preparing for C．worrying about B．focusing on D．taking up
解析：选 C 根据第 20 题处“Mind our own business and we should never be afraid of the __20__.”可知，杰克逊看到这么多水果摊，开始担心竞争了。prepare for“为?? 做好准备”；focus on“集中(精力、注意力等)于”；worry about“担心”；take up“开 始从事，占据”。 17．A.improved B．failed
解析：选 B 根据下文的“From Mr. Jackson's failure”可知，不久他自己的生意失 败了。improve“改善”；fail“失败”；appear“出现”；expand“扩大”。 18．A.simple C．unique B．reliable D．perfect
解析：选 C 根据下文的“with different fingerprints, DNA and thinking”可知， 每个人都是有不同指纹、DNA 和思想的独一无二的人。simple“简单的”；reliable“可靠 的，可信赖的”；unique“独一无二的，独特的”；perfect“完美的”。 19．A.force C．persuade B．require D．allow
解析：选 D 我们需要做的只是做自己，并允许别人成为他们自己。force“强迫，迫 使”；require“要求”；persuade“说服”；allow“允许”。 20．A.competition C．difference B．change D．disability
解析：选 A 根据第 16 题处可知，此处应是劝诫我们：管好自己的事，我们应该决不 害怕竞争。 课时练(二) 阅读理解提速练(练速度) (限时：35 分钟) Ⅰ.阅读理解 A (2016·河南省普通高中毕业班适应性测试) Registration Is Now Open for Summer 2016 Request_a_brochure_or apply_today! The Great Books Summer Program is an experience like no other in American education. For the past thirteen years, GBSP has gathered exceptional middle and high school students from across the world to read, discuss and debate selections from the greatest works of literature, experience college?level discussions and seminars, and enjoy summer fun with other literary?minded students. We offer summer camps at Stanford University, Amherst College and Oxford University. A sample of life at Great Books: Read and discuss the likes of Plato, Jefferson, Tolstoy, Borges and Vonnegut with an international community of literature?loving students and distinguished college faculty.Then join our arts and literature electives to write in a creative fiction workshop, paint“en plein air (在户外)”， learn a new instrument, act in a Shakespeare play, or closely read a Russian novel
with a group of new friends. Join us in the evening for a camp dance, ice cream social or for a surprise guest speaker ...perhaps a Pulitzer?prize winning author or celebrated movie director！Enjoy a world?class university campus. Make friendships that will last a lifetime. The student experience: Find your voice in the classroom. The Great Books Summer Reading Program gives students the opportunity to grow academically and socially as they prepare for high school or college. Open discussions encourage students to express themselves and give power to their ideas. Students gain confidence in their ability to read a text closely and express their ideas clearly both verbally and in writing. Three distinguished campuses: Amherst College in Massachusetts, Stanford University in California and our inaugural session at Oxford University in Oxford, England. This is the perfect opportunity to preview life on a college campus! Don't miss your chance to join students from 49 states and 29 countries in this unique learning experience! Space is limited. Register_today! 语篇解读：本文是一则广告。主要介绍了暑期名著阅读计划。 1．Who can register GBSP? A．Celebrated movie directors. B．Distinguished college faculty. C．Pulitzer?prize winning authors. D．Middle and high school students. 解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据第一段第二句中的“GBSP has gathered ...students from across the world”可知，初高中学生可以加入暑期名著阅读计划。故选 D。 2．Those who take part in GBSP will________. A．have the privilege to apply for the universities mentioned in the text B．be honored at a special ceremony at Oxford University in Oxford, England C．be offered the great works of Plato, Jefferson, Tolstoy, Borges and Vonnegut D．have the opportunity to grow academically and socially for future development 解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据第三段第二句可知，为了学生将来的发展，GBSP 会给学 生提供发展学术和增进社交能力的机会。故选 D。 3．What type of writing is this text? A．A book review. B．An official report. C．An advertisement.
D．An exhibition guide. 解析：选 C 推理判断题。根据文章开头“Registration Is Now Open for Summer 2016 Request_a_brochure_or_apply_today！”并结合全文可知，本文是一则广告，介绍了暑期 名著阅读计划及其好处，以吸引读者报名参加。故选 C。 B (2016·济南市高考模拟)Nick Vujicic was born with no arms or legs, but the brave 32?year?old man plays football and golf, swims, and surfs. Nick has a small foot on his left side, which helps him balance and enables him to kick. He uses his one foot to type, write with a pen and pick things up between his toes. “I call it my chicken drumstick，” joked Nick. “I'd be lost without it. When I get in the water I float because 80 per cent of my body is lungs and my drumstick acts as a propeller (螺旋桨)．” When Nick was born, his father was so shocked he left the hospital room to vomit. His distraught mother couldn't bring herself to hold him until he was four months old. “It was so hard for them, but right from the start they did their best to make me independent. My dad put me in the water when I was 18 months old and gave me the courage to learn how to swim，” said Nick. Throughout his childhood Nick dealt with the typical challenges. At the age of seven, Nick tried out some specially designed electronic arms and legs, in the hope that he would be more like other kids. During the short trial period of the electronic arms and legs, Nick realized that even with them, he was still unlike his peers at school, and they turned out to be much too heavy for Nick to operate, affecting his flexibility quite significantly. “When I was 13 I read a newspaper article about a disabled man who had managed to achieve great things and help others，” said Nick. “I realized why God had made us like this — to give hope to others. It was so inspirational to me that I decided to use my life to encourage others and decided to be thankful for what I do have, not get angry about what I don't.” “I tell people to keep on getting up when they fall and to always love themselves，” he said. “If I can encourage just one person then my job in this life is done.” By now, he has visited 35 different countries, touring the world as a motivational speaker.
语篇解读：本文是一篇人物传记。主要讲述了演说家 Nick Vujicic 身残志坚的故事。 4．What makes it possible for Nick to swim in the water? A．His small size. C．His light weight. B．His small foot. D．His big lungs.
解析：选 B 细节理解题。根据第一段的第二句并结合第二段中的“my drumstick acts as a propeller (螺旋桨)”可知，Nick 的小脚使其游泳成为可能，故选 B 项。 5 ． The underlined word “distraught” in Paragraph 3 probably means “________”． A．cold?blooded C．really crazy B．bad?tempered D．extremely upset
解析：选 D 词义猜测题。根据第三段的第一句可推知，Nick 刚出生时的样子吓到了父 母，当时 Nick 的母亲应该是很难过的，故选 D 项。 6．Nick abandoned the electronic arms and legs because ________. A．his family couldn't afford them B．his classmates didn't like them C．they were too heavy to handle D．they affected his appearance 解析：选 C 细节理解题。根据第五段最后一句中的“... and they turned out to be much ...flexibility quite significantly.”可知，电动的胳膊和腿太沉了，使他的灵活 性大受影响，因此在尝试一段时间后，他不再使用它们了，故选 C 项。 7．Which of the following statements is TRUE? A．Nick's parents were very strict with him. B．Nick's family accepted his disability at his birth. C．Nick's mother was to blame for his disability. D．Nick learned to be independent at a young age. 解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据第四段的内容可知，Nick 在他 18 个月大时，他的父母 就开始培养他的独立性，故选 D 项。 C (2016·烟台二中高三期中考试) “Made in China” has Changed Many shoppers in the West still prize labels, boasting (吹嘘) a product was made in Italy without knowing that a growing number of Italian products come from factories that are Chinese?owned and staffed. The products which were marked “Made in China” gave the buyer an impression of “low pride and low cost, low technology
and development”. The statement used to be true, but now it has changed. “Made in China” is becoming a leading part in the world market. China's garment industry (制衣业) has been investing in producing technology and training for decades, and its workforce has collectively gotten better at sewing garments. As a result, the quality of Chinese?made clothes is rising fast. It has been home to a highly?skilled, highly?specialized garment industry, one that supplies even some high?end (高端的) labels and offers the best mix of price, speed, and quality. “If I was to make a basic men's jean, I'd make that in Pakistan，” said Edward Hertzman, co?owner of the trade publication Sourcing Journal. “If I was going to make a fashionable women's garment, I would move to China because their skill set is better, their hand is better, their finishing is better, and they can handle that type of fashion.” Indeed, luxury fashion labels now routinely make things in China. Burberry, Armani, and Prada have all produced things there, because they're still able to get good workmanship at a relatively low price. Even the Japanese brand Visvim, known for its crazy attention to detail, also produces high?end, handmade footwear in China. Despite the rising wages and costs of doing business in China, companies have not walked away. “China is viewed by people who make buying decisions as unique and hard to copy elsewhere，” says Josh Green, CEO of Panjiva. 语篇解读：本文是议论文。文章讨论了“中国制造”发生的变化。中国制造从过去的低 端、廉价、质量不高正逐渐向现在的高端、价高、质优上转变。 8．Which of the following is NOT true about “Made in China”？ A．It used to be associated with poor quality. B．It has lost its leading status in the world market. C．Its products are recognized by luxury fashion brands. D．It reflects China's investment in producing technology. 解析：选 B 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知中国制造现在在世界上正占据着主导 地位。故选 B。 9． Edward Hertzman thinks highly of “Made in China” in such aspects as ________. ①workers' skills ②low prices ③advanced technology ④a sense of fashion A．①②③ C．②③④ B．①②④ D．①③④
解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据第三段可知 Edward Hertzman 认为中国制造的优势在于 技术娴熟、专业、时尚，中国制造已不是低廉的代名词。 10．What is the similarity between Prada and Visvim? A．Both of them are from Japan. B．Neither of them sells at a low price. C．They both make products in China. D．They both produce handmade footwear. 解析：选 C 细节理解题。根据第四段可知这两种牌子现在都在中国制造产品。 11．What can be learned from the last paragraph? A．Doing business in China costs a lot more now. B．Chinese companies are more creative than others. C．Foreign producers want to copy China's success. D．Rising costs stop the interest of foreign companies. 解析：选 A 推理判断题。根据最后一段第一句可知现在中国的工资上涨、制造成本增 加，这说明，现在在中国做生意成本更高了。 D (2016·东北三省三校联合模拟)While astronauts in space get to do many exciting things, they miss out on ordinary things that we all take for granted — being able to walk on firm ground, hanging out with family and digging into a slice of hot steaming pizza. Though not much can be done about the first two things, there may soon be a solution to the third one, thanks to this cool 3?D pizza printer! About a year ago, NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor, a 3?D technology expert, to build a device (设备) that would allow astronauts to make pizza on demand. The mechanical engineer promised that his invention would produce pies in large quantities that looked, tasted and even smelled like pizza made in common ovens. Late last year, the engineer presented a video of his first prototype (原型) that begins by creating a single slice of dough (面团) that is cooked and printed at the same time. Then comes the tomato “sauce” — a mix of tomato powder, oil and water and finally, a protein slice that resembles cheese. While the video doesn't show the baking process, the inventor says that once the pizza is printed, it can be ready to be consumed in 7 seconds. While the pie in the video looks delicious enough to attract any pizza lover, Anjan Contractor is far from ready for astronauts. That's because he still has to find a solution to make the food container in the printer last for 30 years. Though
that may sound unrealistic, actually it is not. Anjan Contractor believes that the only way that is possible is that the water is removed from all the ingredients (配料) and then they are reduced to the powder form. This, as you can imagine, will not be so easy. But, while the printer may not be ready for space, it certainly looks ready enough for people on earth. Hopefully, NASA and Contractor will consider selling it to those not fortunate enough to go to Mars! 语篇解读：本文是一篇科普说明文。宇航员在太空时，也会有不同的食物需求。最新的 研究表明，3D 打印技术有望让宇航员们在太空吃上比萨。 12．Why does the author mention the things that astronauts in space cannot do? A．To ask us not to take common things for granted. B．To show they live a difficult life there. C．To show their life is boring in space. D．To introduce the topic of the text. 解析：选 D 推理判断题。根据第一段最后一句可知，使用 3D 打印技术可以解决宇航 员在太空吃比萨的问题。 由此可推断出， 文章开篇描述几个无法实现的愿望旨在引出本文的 话题。故 D 项正确。 13．NASA offered $125,000 to Anjan Contractor mainly to ________. A．create some new type of 3?D printer B．attract more companies to work for NASA C．help astronauts in space enjoy fresh pizza one day D．produce pizza in large quantities to earn great profits 解析：选 C 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知，美国航空航天局提供 125 000 美元 是为了开发为宇航员们提供新鲜比萨的技术设备。故 C 项正确。 14．The biggest challenge that Anjan Contractor is faced with now is probably that________. A．he has no money left to go on with his research B．the pizza doesn't seem appetizing to pizza lovers C．he has no way to make pizza that can last for thirty years D．he cannot make the food container last for decades 解析：选 D 细节理解题。根据第四段倒数第二句“That's because ...printer last for 30 years.”可知，让打印机中的食物容器能够维持 30 年是目前的一大难题。故 D 项 正确。 15．What's the best title of the passage?
A．NASA is trying its best to help astronauts eat better B．Astronauts may soon be able to enjoy steaming hot pizza C．NASA is working on making pizza for common people D．A 3?D pizza printer has been used to make pizza 解析：选 B 标题归纳题。通读全文可知，本文主要介绍了一种可以在太空自制比萨的 3D 打印技术，因此将来宇航员们也许能吃上热腾腾的比萨。故 B 项最适合做本文标题。 Ⅱ.阅读七选五 (2016· 银 川 一 中 高 三 模 拟 )Many of us deal with the rush every morning in preparation for work or school, but it doesn't have to be this way. With a little time management, these steps can help you cut down on your morning stress. Create an evening preparation routine. __1__These simple tasks will take you less than 30 minutes to complete each evening and will save you a huge headache every morning. Get a good night's sleep. Make sure you start winding down for bed at a reasonable hour to allow enough time for a healthy night's sleep. __2__ If needed, set a bedtime reminder alarm on your alarm clock. Always keep the temperature in your bedroom comfortably cool. __3__ An extra 30 minutes in the morning will make a difference. As long as you go to bed on time, waking up 30 minutes earlier should seem natural after just a few days. Use this time to think, shower and eat breakfast. Plan a realistic day. Writing things down means you don't have to worry about forgetting to do them. __4__ Write down anything that cannot be put off to the following day. __5__ Getting up to face a new day is far more satisfying when you have something to look forward to. Make sure you manage your time better so that you have time to do something you love on a daily basis. A．Morning stress is very common. B．Schedule something you love daily. C．Never fill your mind with unnecessary worries. D．Make a summary of what you did in the daytime. E．Wake up 30 minutes earlier. F．Iron your clothes, locate your keys, plan a nutritious breakfast, etc.
G．Most people require between seven and eight hours' sleep each night. 答案：1～5 FGECB
课时练(三) 第Ⅱ卷强化增分练(练规范) (限时：45 分钟) Ⅰ.语法填空 (2016·吉林省吉林市第二次调研)My roommate Mary was very neat and each of her __1__ (object) had its place. However, I always looked for everything. She would push my dirty clothing over and I would lay my books on her tidy desk. We both got tired of each other. Finally, war broke out one evening. Mary warned me against __2__ (put) my shoes under her bed. Suddenly, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling. She yelled back louder. The room was filled __3__ anger. We couldn't have stayed together for __4__ single minute but for a phone call. Mary answered __5__. From her end of the conversation, I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill. When she hung up, she quickly crawled (爬) under her covers, crying. __6__ (obvious), that was something she should not go through alone. I realized that I should do something __7__ (show) my concern. Slowly, I took back my books, made my bed and swept the floor, even on __8__ side. I got so into my work that I even didn't notice Mary was watching. She __9__ (reach) out her hands to grasp mine. I looked up into her eyes. She smiled at me, “Thanks.” Mary and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year. We didn't always agree, __10__ we learned the key to living together: giving in, cleaning up and holding on. 语篇解读：本文是一篇记叙文。作者和玛丽是室友，但由于生活习惯不同，她们相处得 并不融洽。终于有一天，矛盾激化，战争一触即发。不过一个电话阻止了这场战争：玛丽的 奶奶得了重病。看着她伤心的样子，作者用行动表示了对她的关心。从此两人明白了和谐共 处的关键：学会让步、保持整洁、互相鼓励。 1．objects 根据空格前“very neat and each of her”可知，此处指玛丽很爱干净， 她的每件物品都摆放得很整齐。由此可知，“object”在本句中是名词，意为“物品”。根 据句中“each of”可知，应用其复数形式。故填 objects。 2．putting warn sb. against (doing) sth.是固定短语，意为“告诫某人不要做某 事”。故填 putting，在句中作介词 against 的宾语。 3．with be filled with ...是固定短语，意为“充满??”，符合句意。故填 with。 4．a 句意：要不是因为一个电话打来，我们两个人一分钟都不可能再待在一起了。由 此可知，应填不定冠词 a。a single＋单数名词＝a(n)＋单数名词。single 用于否定句中加 强语气。
5．it 根据上句中“a phone call”可知，本句指玛丽接了电话。故填 it，用来代替 上句中“a phone call”。 6．Obviously 空处在句中作状语，修饰整个句子，应用其副词形式。故填 Obviously。 注意首字母大写。 7．to show 句意：我意识到我应该做些什么来表示我的关心。根据句意可知，空格处 在句中表示目的，应用不定式形式。故填 to show。 8．her/Mary's 句意：我拿回我的书，整理好床铺并且扫了地，包括她的(Mary's)那
边(的地)。由此可知，应填 her/Mary's，表示所属关系。 9．reached 分析句子结构可知，空处在句中作谓语动词，时态应与全文一致，用一般 过去时。故填 reached。 10． but 根据空格前后两句“We didn't always agree”和“we learned the key ...” 的句意可知，空格处表示转折关系，并且重点强调空格后的句意，故填 but。 Ⅱ.短文改错 (2016·山西大学附中第五次模拟)One year ago, I was in great trouble. I worked hard at English and devote all my spare time to practise it. But I failed to pass the mid?term examination, which made me great disappointed. So I asked my grandpa for advice when I got to home. Hearing that I told him, he said, “To some extent, examination results are sometime unexpected by your study level. You can't judge your progress by one examination.” He encouraged myself to work hard for long time to check my results. I took my grandpa's advice. Now I realize that the process of learning is much more important and my English is much better as before. From my experience, I feel that we should listen to opinion from old people. 答案：第二句：devote→devoted; practise→practising 第三句：great→greatly 第四句：去掉 to 第五句：that→what; sometime→sometimes 第六句：myself→me; for 后加 a 第八句：as→than 第九句：opinion→opinions Ⅲ.书面表达 (2016·河北衡水中学二模)假如你是李华，你的美国网友 Mike 最近因学习压力太大患 上了轻度的焦虑症(anxiety disorders)，写信向你求助。请你用英文给他回一封信，就如 何处理压力给他一些建议。 注意：1.词数 100 左右；
2．信的开头和结尾已给出，但不计入总词数。 Dear Mike， I am sorry to hear that you are suffering from anxiety disorders due to that great stress of
studying.______________________________________________________________________ __ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ I hope you will find these suggestions helpful. Yours faithfully， Li Hua 参考范文： Dear Mike， I am sorry to hear that you are suffering from anxiety disorders due to that great stress of studying. Here I would like to give you some suggestions about dealing with your stress. Firstly, you ought to learn to study hard as well as relax if necessary. As an old saying goes, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. When you are tired, you can go for a walk or do some sports with your classmates. Secondly, when you study, do not give yourself too much stress, or you may feel depressed, which is bad for your health. Thirdly, I think it would be beneficial if you could share some of your inner emotions with your friends, parents or teachers. I hope you will find these suggestions helpful. Yours faithfully， Li Hua
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