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B5M1学案


MODULE 1

WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
1.have much/little/nothing/something in common with 和...有共同处 虽然他们是双胞胎,但他们没有共同处。 ____________________________________________ have something /not

hing to do with 与...有关/无关 My job has nothing to do with you ,so you’d better keep silent. 2.make a difference(to sb)有影响---make no/some /much difference 没有 /有一些/有很大的影响 The sea air makes much difference to her health. ___________________________________________________ 你所做的对我没有影响。 ___________________________________________________ make a________做决定;make a ________犯错;make a ________提出建议 3.obvious adj 明显的---________ adv 显然地 It is obvious/plain/ clear that... ...是清楚的 很明显,他是一个可爱的学生。 _____________________________________________________________ 4.get around/round 四处走动,消息传开----walk around/about 四处走动 get across ________ get along with ________ get away from________ get rid of________ get close to________ 5.queue 排队 queue up(for sth)/to do sth 排队... 6.confuse v 使困惑-- ________ adj 令人困惑的----________ adj 感到困惑的 ---________ n 混乱,混淆 他抽象(abstract)的理论如此令人困惑以至于很多人困惑。 _____________________________ 7.compare vt 比较---________ n 比较,对比 ________ 把 A 和 B 比较 ________ 把 A 比作 B 人生犹如航海。___________________________________ 与别的学校相比,富源学校风景优美。 ___________________________________________ 8. ________ vt 省略,遗漏 不要漏了任何细节。________________________________________ 9. ________= kind /sort 种类 ________v ________adj a variety of 各种各样的 =various=_______ varieties of 种种 这些女孩来自各种不同的背景。 ________________________________________ 10.differ ________ 和...不同 differ ________ 在...方面不同 我弟弟在很多方面和我不同。 ____________________________________________________ 11.be similar to sb (in sth)在某方面和某人类似 the same as be different
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from 12. ________ n.(c)/vi 评论 make a remark about 13.have difficulty/problems/a hard tim in doing sth 按时完成工作有困难。 _________________________________________________________ 14.lead to 通向,导致(lead 过去式_____过去分词_____)result in All roads lead to Rome. 成功在于努力地工作,而懒惰导致失败。 _____________________________________________ 15 be in favor of 支持,赞同 _____ 反对 I’m all in favor of his opinion. 我反对他的意见。____________________________ do sb a favor =do a favor for sb ask sb a favor= ask a favor of sb In +名词+ of 短语 in honor of in memory of in need of in support of in praise of 16. _____ v/adj/n 把...交给,表达;在场的,目前的;礼物 _____t sth to sb 把...赠送给某人 be present at /in 出席 the present situation 目前的形势; the students present 在场的学生; at present 目前 for the present 暂时 出席会议的男孩是我们的班长。____________________________ 17.refer to...as 称...为... regard...as ... ; take...as ... ;look on sb as; consider sb as refer to 参考,提及谈到,与...有关 18.attempt 试图,企图 attempt to do sth 企图做某事;make an attempt to do sth 我将努力回答你的全部问题。 ____________________________________________________ 19. _______ adj 独特的---distinct adj 明显的----distinction n 差别,不同 20. _______ adj 简单的 _______ adv 简单地,仅仅 _______ v 使简化 简体汉字和繁体汉字有很多相同之处。 _____________________________________________________ 21.criticise sb for sth 因...而批评某人 punish sb for sth 因...而惩罚某人 22. _______ n (u)参考

Introduction
1.It doesn’t make much of a difference whether a teacher speaks British or American It doesn’t matter/make any difference if/ wether... 你来不来都没有关系。 ____________________________________________________ it 作为形式主语, it is + adj /n. + 主语从句
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你错过前天的运动会是个遗憾。 _________________________________________________ 2.exchange __________ in exchange for 交换,exchange/trade sth for ath with sb 和某人用...交换...

Reading and speaking
1.fill up sth with sth 用...填满... 你最好到汽油站给汽车加满油。 ____________________________________________________ 2.prefer A to B preference prefer doing A to doing B prefer to do A rather than do B 主席喜欢打篮球胜过打棒球。__________________________ would do A rather than do B feel like doing sth;would like to do sth 喜欢做某事 3.while ① 在...期间 someone came to see you while you were out 。 ② 随然,尽管(though)尽管他是正确的,但没有人听从他 ____________________________________________________ ③ 只要(as long as )There will ____(有)life while there is water and air. ④ 然而,表对比 4.the another two areas in which the two varieties differ are spelling and pronunciation。 介词 +关系代词 引导的定语从句 1) 根据从句中谓语动词的搭配。 This is the dictionary on which I spend 50 yuan ( spend...on...) ___which I paid 50 yuan ( pay____ ) ___which we often talk ( talk_______) 2) 根据先行词的搭配 I remembered the day ____ which I joined the arm (_____ the day) the days________which I lived there(_________the days ) the moment _____which we met (____the moment) 3) 根据从句的意义判断, The colourless gas without which we can’t live is called oxygen. 注意:介词可以后移,关系代词作宾语时可省略 5.Influence sb =have an influence/effect on sb=affect sb 6.after all 终究,毕竟;别忘了 你根本不应该责备(scold)那个男孩,他毕竟是个小孩子,最重要的是,他只 犯了个小错误。 _____________________________________________________________
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_______________ above all 首要的是,重要的是; not at all 一点也不 in all/ total 总计 7. For more than a century communications across the Atlantic have developed steadily . ① 超过,不仅仅,+数词/名词。More than one is here。 ② 非常 ,+adj/adv they are more than delighted to see us 。 (3) 非...能 I love you more than I can say . no more than 仅仅 more ...than 与其说...不如说...no more ...than 与...一 样不 8.It has been possible to listen to British and American at the flick of a switch It is possible ( for sb) to do sth 对于某人来说做...是可能的 It is possible/probable/likely that ... 做...是可能的 sb be likely to do sth 9.The non-stop communication has made it easier for British people and Americans to understand… make it +adj (for sb)to do /that 这场大雨使我们很难按时完成工作。 ________________________________________________ feel /think it +adj /n. to do sth 10.This international dimension suggests that in the future ,there are going to be many Englishes ① 表明,暗示,his pale face suggested that he was ill 。 ② 建议 suggest doing/that sb should do It was suggested that a fence______________(build) around the farm 。 Who do you suggest ______________(send)there。 11.wherever they are 无论某地 conj ;wherever = no matter where 无论你在哪里,我都会把祝福送给你。 _______________________________________________ Whatever------no matter what Whoever-------no matter who / anyone who However-------no matter how (+adj/adv +主语+ 动词) Whatever he does ,I always help him。 --- I always give him whatever he wants. 无论它有多困难,我都不会放弃。 ___________________________________________________

Vocabulary
Come out of 从...中出来 come out 出来,开花,结果 ,出版 Come across 偶遇, _______________发生;________________提出(方 法); __________________________苏醒,恢复生机; come into being/use/force come to power
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GRAMMAR
1.on the air 在广播 ;in the air 在空中,悬而未定; in the open air 在户外; by air 乘飞机 2.As you know , as is known to all 正如... , 引导非限制性定语从句; which 引导的不能放于句首。 众所周知,英语被广泛地使用。 ____________________________________________________ 3.sb spend ...in doing sth ;spend ...on sth Sb pay sb some money for sth Sth cost sb some money It takes sb some time to do sth 这本书花费了他 1 美 元.___________________________________________________

EVERYDAY ENGLISH
1.So far 迄今为止(常与完成时连用) 2.make a fuss of /over sb 对某人过分爱护,关怀备至 他们多新生儿关怀备至。 _____________________________________________________ 3.Pick up...拾起来...;偶然学会...;开车接某人;加速(speed) 这个孩子很快学会了当地口音。 _________________________________________________ 4.wear off ...逐渐消失,逐渐减小。 The pain is wearing off 。 Wear out 用旧,穿破,(使)累垮----be worn out 5.because 因为, since 既然,as 由于, now that 既然 ; for 并列连词, 不能位于句首 SPEAKING AND WRITING 1.belong to 属于(不用于被动语态和进行时态) The house_________(belong ) to Mike is beautiful.. 2.Add ...to ... 把...加到.. 上 ;Add to 增添了 ; add up sth 把...加起来 ;add up to 总计达 CULTURAL CORNER 1.not always 部分否定 not all /both /everyone/entirely/wholly/everywhere 全否定:no ,none,nobody ,nowhere ,never 2.thanks to 幸亏, 由于 as a result of 由于...的结果; due to , owing to 3.Fight against 与...做斗争 fight with 和...作战;fight for 为...而战 4.Adopt sth 采用...,收养

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GRAMMAR 现在完成时态 1.表示过去发生的事情对现在有影响,常用 already ,yet ,just 连用。I’m sorry I have lost keys 。 2.表示从过去持续到现在的动作,常与表一段时间的状语连用 recently ,these days ,in the past years ,since....’for.... We have lived there since last October 3.过去曾发生的事,常与 never,ever,once,twice,before 连用 We haven’t met before。 4.it is the first time sb have done 某人第一次做 5.Have been to 曾经去过某地;have gone to 已经去了某地 6.短暂动词不能与一段时间连用,如 open,die,marry ,leave,begin... A. He has been away from here for three years。 B. He left here three years ago。 C.It has been 3 years since he Left here。 D.He has left here for 3 years 现在进行时态 1.说话是正在进行的动作,常与 now,at present ,at the moment 连用 He is reading now 2.现阶段正在进行的动作,而说话时不一定在做,常与一段时间连于 these days ,this week I am helping my parents on the farm this summer vacation。 3.在口语中,位移性,短暂性动词用进行时表将来 They are leaving for New York tomorrow 表达褒贬的感情常与 always Continually,constantly 连用 He is always doing good work at school 一般现在时态 1.经常发生或习惯动作。连用词 always,often,sometimes,once a week He always goes to work late 2.客观真理。The sun rises in the east 3.按规定,时刻表发生的事。The train leaves at six 4.表心理活动的动词不能用于进行时态。 5.在状语从句中用一般现在时态表将来 I will pick up you if you come 一般将来时态 1.wil do 2..be going to do 打算做 3.be about to do (when...) 4.be to do sth 按计划,安排要做某事

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