Unit 3 Inventors and inventions
Alexander Graham Bell
Do you know the following scientists and what things they invented? Mat
ch the following two columns. Galileo Einstein telephone
Watt Edison Alexander graham Bell
Theory of Relativity Newton’s law
Have you ever wondered why telephone companies often have the word "Bell" as part of their name? Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in Alexander Graham Bell 1876 - and this is the was an inventor that lived phone company's way of between 1819 and 1905. honoring his achievement! The very first phone call He was born in Scotland was from Bell to his lab and later lived in the U.S. assistant, and he said "Mr. He spent much of his Watson, come here at career teaching the deaf. once. I want you."
Read the passage and answer the questions: 1.What does Bell’s saying mean to you? 2.What do you think Led to his success as an inventor of telephone? 3.What inventions did Bell make? 4.Why will he always be known as the inventor of the telephone?
What does Bell’s saying mean to you? His saying means that it is important to be experimental. By being curious and exploring around a subject you may by chance come up with some new and original ways of solving a problem.
What do you think led to his success as an inventor of the telephone? His curiosity and exploring spirit led to his success as an inventor of the telephone.
What inventions did Bell make? Bell invented the telephone and the tetrahedron shape by chance. Both of these are extremely useful and still used today. Why will he always be known as the inventor of the telephone? He will always be known as the inventor of the telephone because it was a very popular invention and the patent made the most money ever.
Reading task Page 66 Was Leonardo Da Vinci just a painter
Mona Lisa---Da Vinci’s most famous painting
Do you think Leonardo da Vinci is really a good painter? What else do you know he is famous for?
Read the passage and then answer the following questions: 1.Why did Leonardo need to design things for his employer when he was such a great painter?
2.Why were Leonardo’s design different? 3.How did painting help him invent things? 4.Which skill do you think was more important: his drawing for the inventions or his understanding of machines for his painting? Give a reason.
1.Why did Leonardo need to design things for employer when he was such a great painter? Leonardo lived at a time of great instability, when paintings did not always provide a stedy income.
2.Why were Leonardo’s design different?
He designs were different because he took things aprat and then improved them. So his designs were accurate and could be built and used.
3.How did painting help him invent things?
Painting helped him with his inventions because while painting he had learned to observe things closely and draw accurately.
4.Which skill do you think was more important: his drawing for the inventions or his understanding of machines for his painting? Give a reason. His understanding of machines for his painting was more importing because by understanding how each separate machine part worked, he could improve them and combine them in different ways to improve existing machines, which lead to a lot of inventions. (The students can have other opinions)
Possible Evidence from skills artist Leonardo famous paintings such as Mona Lisa. designed canals and bridges
Evidence from you
Evidence from you
Leonardo architect designed cities
Possible Evidence from
skills doctor Leonardo not mentioned
Inventor designed many new things such as the bicycle, a helicopter and an “automobile”, etc
Possible Evidence from
found out how they
scientist took things apart and
worked in order to
design a better one
Discuss these questions in pairs.
1. How many ways was Leonardo able to
earn his living?
2. How many areas are you familiar with? 3. Which areas of knowledge are you least happy with? Does this worry you? How might you put this right?
1.Read the passage again.
2.Recite the new words in the reading.
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