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2014-2015第二学期《大学英语(三)》5月考前导学资料


2015 年 5 月《大学英语(三) 》考前辅导 辅导教师:张爽

考试复习所用教材: 甘肃文化出版社出版的现代远程教育系列教材之 《大学英语》下册。

考试题型介绍:2015 年 5 月的考试包括六道大题,满分 100 分,90 分钟。 第一部分是交际英语,共 5 小题 ,每小题 2 分,总共 10 分。主要对 日常交际用语进行考察。答题的时候,不仅要考虑说话的语法是否正 确,更要考虑哪一种表达更符合情景。 1. Could I ……? 是一种礼貌的询问方式,是交际英语中常用的一种句 型。回答此种问话的时候常用 yes 或者 no 来作答,也有根据实际 情况省略掉 yes 或 no 的。 e. g. Could I borrow your pencil for a while? (Yes or sure), here you are./ no, mine is lost. 2. How can I help you?/ What can I do for you? 是服务人员询问顾客 时的礼貌用法,相当于汉语的“请问你需要点儿什么?”e. g. KFC. What can I do for you? I would like some cola. 3. What does sb. look like? 其实是询问某人长什么样子。e. g. he/she is tall and fat. 4. What ’s on the cinema? 询问电影院上映什么电影。e. g. we should go to check./ Harry Potter 5, I guess.

5. Why don’t you/ why not……? 这是委婉地提建议的一种表达方式。 可以说,that ’s a good idea. / I would like to do ,but… 第二部分是单项选择,每小题 2 分,10 小题,共 20 分。主要考察的 是课文中出现的语法、句法、词汇。比如介词短语的正确用法、词语 辨析、倒装句、固定搭配、主谓语单复数问题等。注意一些词语以及 动词短语等的同义辨析: at most, at least, at last 与 at the end; pessimist, optimist, organist 和 racist 名词的辨析; according to, even if, in light of 和 as well as 等连词和介词的区别;blend, deliver, mix 和 mediate 等动词的辨析; 表示发声的动词需要引起重视; 倒装句是 重点考察对象; trousers 做主语时,要用表示复数的 be 动词。 第三部分是阅读理解,包括 2 篇短文,10 道选择题,每题 2 分;2 道简答题,每题 5 分,共 30 分。考察的题均可通过仔细阅读在文中 找到答案。 以下是阅读理解的模拟题型,可作参考。本次考试的阅读理解难度略 高于模拟题。
Passage 1 We provide summer English courses and you will enjoy learning about American culture and improve your English. The courses last for 4 weeks. They start at the beginning of July and August. Our teachers are very experienced. They teach English classes for 4 hours a day. You can choose between small groups of 2 or 3, or larger groups of up to 15. We provide weekly tests to see the progress you’re making with your language skills. We also provide books and other materials. As well as learning English, we want you to experience life in the USA. You live with an American family and take part in American life. You have meals with them and do some activities with them, too. This is the most interesting part of the course. Many families create friendships with the students. Of course, if you prefer, we can arrange hotel accommodation.

Of course, you can do many things in Los Angeles. Every day we have activities after class. You can choose to take trips to Hollywood, Disneyland or the famous beaches around LA. You can also go to various shopping centers, sports centers, movies and concerts. There are also weekend visits organized to San Francisco and other places of interest in California. Well, if you’re interested, please fill in our application form where you will also find our list of prices. The course must be paid for one month before it begins. 1. How long do the English courses last? A. 4 days B. 2 weeks C. 3 weeks D. 4 weeks 2. Why do organizers advise students to live with American families? A. Students are not rich enough to live in hotels. B. Students can have meals with American families. C. Students can experience life in the USA. D. Students can teach Americans how to cook Chinese food. 3. What’s the title of Paragraph 3? A. Teaching B. Accommodation and Food C. Sightseeing and Other Activities D. The Famous Beaches Around LA 9. What ’s the passage about? A. A description of an English book. B. A description of an English course. C. A description of life in Los Angeles. D. A description of weekend visits to San Francisco. 10. When should the fee of the courses be paid? A. after taking part in courses B. at the beginning of July and August C. one month earlier D. one month later Question 1: What can you do if you choose to join the courses?

Passage 2 Can the Computer Learn from Experience? Computers have been taught to play not only checkers, but also championship chess, which is a fairly accurate yardstick for measuring the computer ’s progress in the ability to learn from experience. Because the game requires logical reasoning, chess would seem to be perfectly suited to the computer. All a programmer has to do is to give the computer a program evaluating the consequences of every possible response to every possible move, and the computer will win every time. In theory this is a sensible approach; in practice it is impossible. Today, a powerful computer can analyze 40, 000 moves a second. That is an impressive speed. But there are an astronomical number of

possible moves in chess –literally trillions. Even if such a program were written (and in theory it could be, given enough people and enough time), there is no computer capable of holding that much data. Therefore, if the computer is to compete at championship levels, it must be programmed to function with less than complete data. It must be able to learn from experience, to modify its own program, to deal with a relatively unstructured situation –in a word, to “think” for itself. In fact, this can be done. Chess-playing computers have yet to defeat world champion chess players, but several have beaten human players of only slightly lower ranks. The computers have had programs to carry them through the early, mechanical stages of their chess games. But they have gone on from there to reason and learn, and sometimes to win the game. There are other proofs that computers can be programmed to learn, but this example is sufficient to demonstrate the point. Granted, winning a game of chess is not an earthshaking event even when a computer does it. But there are many serious human problems which ban be fruitfully approached as games. The Defense Department uses computers to play war games and work out strategies for dealing with international tensions. Other problems –international and interpersonal relations, ecology and economics, and the ever-increasing threat of world famine—can perhaps be solved by the joint efforts of human beings and truly intelligent computers. 4. The purpose of creating chess-playing computers is ________. A. To win the world chess champion B. To pave the way for further intelligent computers C. To work out strategies for international wars D. To find an accurate yardstick for measuring computer progress 5. Today, a chess-playing computer can be programmed to ________. A. Give trillions of responses in a second to each possible move and win the game B. Function with complete data and beat the best players C. Learn from chess-playing in the early stage and go on to win the game D. Evaluate every possible move but may fail to give the right response each time 6. For a computer to “think”, it is necessary to _______. A. Manage to process as much data as possible in a second B. Program it so that it can learn from its experiences C. Prepare it for chess-playing first D. Enable it to deal with unstructured situations 7. The author ’s attitude towards the Defense Department is __________. A. Critical B. unconcerned C. positive D. negative 8. In the author ’s opinion, __________. A. Winning a chess game is an unimportant event B. Serious human problems shouldn’t be regarded as playing a game

C. Ecological problems are more urgent to be solved. D. There is hope for more intelligent computers. Question 2: What does a programmer have to do ?

第四部分考察的是完形填空,10 小题,每题 1 分,共 10 分。完形填 空是一种综合性的题型,覆盖面较为广。涉及到形容词、动词、名词 等的辨析以及固定搭配和对文章整体的把握程度,因此,同学一定要 注意平时的训练。 以下是完形填空的模拟题型,可作参考。本次考试完形填空的难度与 模拟题难度持平。

IV. Cloze 完型填空(每个 1 分,共 10 分) All parents love their children. Many parents want their kids to _____ well-known people when they _____. Most of them want their kids to live better than others. Many of them ____ their kids will be singers or actors. Actors and singers can ____ money easily in our country. When they appear in the advertisement, they will get ____ money which a farmer or a worker can ’t make all his life. Some of the parents want their kids to be businessmen _____ doctors. If they work hard, they will have cars and big houses in several ____. Some parents want their kids to work in cities and towns. They don’t _____ them to work in the countryside. People who work in the cities and towns can get money after they _____. If you are a famous man, especially an actor, you will get much but pay a little. A farmer is ______ ----he gets little but pays much. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )1.A. do )2.A. grow up )3.A. make )4.A. lose )5.A. many )6.A. or )7.A. days )8.A. play )9.A. retire )10.A. happy B B B B B B B B B B .become .get up .like .make .a little .and .weeks .need .leave .different C.like C.stand up C.love C.remember C.much C.but C.years C.enjoy C.die C.rich D.work D.set up D.hope D.take D.a few D.else D.moths D.want D.move D.lucky

第五部分是英汉互译,汉译英和英译汉各一题,英译汉 7 分,汉译英 8 分,共 15 分。 1. In discussing their plan for the coming weekend, Father and Mother suggested having a picnic; the children, on the other hand, wanted to stay home and play with their friends. (7 分)
2. 2. 作为大学生,你本应该在校园里面用功读书,而不是去外面打工,因为这 将对你的学习带来许多不好的影响。(8 分)

第六部分是作文:150 字的议论文,注意要调理清晰,首段就要亮出 明确的观点,在正文部分给出 2-4 个合理的理由并加以论证,结尾请 给出清晰简洁的结论。
Instructions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The most unforgettable Person I ever Know. You should write at least 150 words and base your composition on the outline below:1) Who is the most unforgettable person? 2) Why do you regard him/her as the most unforgettable person? 根据话题“在生活中我最难忘的人”,在30分钟内用英语写出一篇不少于150字 的短文。重点考虑下面两点:谁是这个最难忘的人?他/她为什么让你视为最难 忘的人?题目自拟。

整体看来,这次考试难度较以往偏高,但是只要认真复习仍然能取得 很好的成绩。希望同学们在有限的时间里将自己的能力尽情发挥。 英语贵在坚持和练习,希望同学们通过坚持不懈的努力,最终取得 自己想要的成绩。


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