一、概 述 在句子中起宾语作用的从句称为宾语从句。 宾语从句既可以作及物动 词的宾语，也可以作某些介词的宾语。 We all believe that it is quite important to learn English well. Eg： 1）I don’t believe that he is such a dishonest man. 2）W
e are thinking about whether we can finish the homework. 二、宾语从句三要素： （一）引导词 1.that 引导 ? 在宾语从句中没有实际意义，只起连接作用，在口语与非正式 语体中可省略。 ? 1) He hopes (that ) he can be successful. 2) They all admit (that) the girl is 2.whether/if 引导 ? “是否” ? 1）He asked if / whether I like English. ? 2）I wonder if /whether she has knew the news. “注意”： ? "whether" 与天气"weather"的书写形式！ ? "if" 非引导条件句的“如果”，而是“是否” beautiful
4.连接副词 when why where how。 （二）语序：陈述句语序 即：主句+连接词+从句（主+谓+其他成分） Do you remember what you should do next? 你记得你接下来应该做什么吗？ 当从句的原句为以下句子及 what、who 做主语时，语序不变： What’s wrong? What’s happening？ What’s the matter? What’s happened?
Eg: Can you tell me who is over there? (三)时态： 1、当主句是一般现在、现在进行时或一般将来时的某种时态，从句 可用所需要的任何时态。 ? He says that Lily is(will be/ was) a doctor. ? 他说莉莉是（将要成为/过去是）医生。 2、如果主句是过去时态，宾语从句用相应的过去意义时态（一般过 去、过去进行时、过去将来时及过去完成时） 。 ? Eg： 1）He said that he had finished reading the book. 2）He wanted to know who she was waiting for. 3、当从句表示普通真理时、客观事实、自然现象、名言时，主句不 管何种时态，宾语从句用一般现在时。
1）The teacher told us the moon travels round the earth. 2）He says that three and three is six. 宾语从句巩固练习： 一、 指出下列宾语从句部分 1) I think he will be back next week. 2) I know his brother is a doctor. 3) Our success depends on whether we work hard. 4) Can you tell me which book you like best? 二、即时练 1、 She told me ____ the film was very good and __ she wanted to see it again. 2、We discussed ________ we should close the shop. 3、 It all depends on ________ he will support us. 4、 We didn't know ________ he was late or not. 5、I hear ____ the professor will come back from the USA soon. A、which B、whether C、how D、that
6、I don't know ____ the coat is cheap now. A、if B、that C、how D、which
7、Can you tell me ___ the meeting will begin? A、 what B、that C、when D、who
8、I don't know ____ is like under the sea. A、 if B、that C、what life D、when
9、I don't know ___ he will come tomorrow. ____ he comes, I'll tell you. A、if，Whether C、weather，If B、 whether，Whether D、 if， If
10. What did Mike say? He said ____________________. A. if you are free the next week C. the weather is fine B. what color was it D. summer comes after spring
11. Let me tell you __________________. A. how much is the car B. how much does the car cost D. how much I spent on the
C. how much did I pay for the car car 12. Peter knew _______________.
A. whether he has finished reading the book B. why the boy had so many questions C. there were 12 months in a year D. when they will leave for Paris 13. Could you tell me ___________? A. where do you live C. who were you waiting for B. who you are waiting for D. where you live in
14. She told me the sun ______ in the east. A. rise B. rose C. rises D. had risen
15. I don't know ________ up so early last Sunday.
A. why did he get B. why he gets
C. why does he get D. why he got
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