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IELTS-大作文精解5-2012


第十一讲

Tasks for today
? 作业改错 ? 模考分析 ? Task 2 思路整理

模考分析
5A Task 1:完成良好 2. Task 2:个别跑题(审题不仔细)
1.
Reasons 2) Problems caused in society
1)

r />9A Task 1:个别跑题(审题不仔细) 2. Task 2:少数跑题(题目没读懂)
1.

模考分析 注意事项: 1. 开头非常重要。一定要做到通顺准确,避免重大的语法用词错误! Bad examples: 1) 2) 3) 4) …… People concerned about what its causes and problems …… …… In my opinion there are two factors contribute to the phenomenon. In the present age, there is a dramatically increasing concern about …… … is increasingly becoming an issue, which has already aroused a fierce controversy.

Good examples 1) Nowadays, the issue of insufficient respect to older people is getting increasingly severe in many countries. I would like to analyze and in this essay. 2) In the present age, people do not show enough respect to the older people in many countries(转述题目). I would like to analyze and in this essay.

模考分析 An eye-catching introductory paragraph is too difficult and time-consuming for most students! 练习:开头+两段主体段的主题句+结论

In some countries, the parents expect children to spend long time studying both in and after school and have less free time.
Do you think it has positive or negative effects on children and the society they live in? 2. 仔细审题,避免跑题。

后果很严重

Task 1:注意如果图表是两或三个不同的年份(主要是柱形图和饼图),第一段时 间状语不要写“from…to…”,要写成“in… and …”。(剑三/3, 剑七/4, 剑八/2) Task 2: It is important to ensure that children with a wide range of abilities and from a variety of social backgrounds mix with each other at school? To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Task 2 思路整理
? 解释类 ? 看清楚每一个问题,逐一回答。
例:Modal Test 第一段:介绍 第二段:From my perspective, there are mainly two reasons why the elderly are not duly respected. 分析原因 第三段:Currently, the problems is getting so widespread that people has begun to worry about the problems it might cause in society. 阐述可能带来的问题

第四段:结论(如果背套句的话一定要再加一句切题的话。)

Task 2 思路整理
? 辩论类1:Discuss both views and give your own opinion. ? 先讨论双方观点,再给出自己的看法。

已练题目:happiness, international tourism 第一段:背景介绍,提出问题 第二段:一方观点。展开讨论。 第三段:另一方观点,展开讨论。 第四段:结论段,给出自己的观点,要有展开。

Task 2 思路整理
? 其余三类 ? To what extent do you agree or disagree? ? Do you think it is a positive or negative development? (Do you think it has positive or negative effects on children and society they live in?) ? Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

这三种辩论类题型的共性: I. 在第一段就要提出自己明确的观点。 …(从句,转述题目). (可有可无) … (不定式短语,转述 题目). (可有可无)

…(名词短语,转述题目) . (可有可无) II. 主体段落分三段论证:两正一反或两反一正,或按照内容分段。 III. 结论段重申自己的观点。

Agree/disagree(题目本身只有一部分内容)
例1
? It is important to ensure that children with a wide range of abilities and

from a variety of social backgrounds mix with each other at school?
? To what extent do you agree or disagree?
开头 Some people suggest that to mix children with a wide range of abilities and from a variety of social backgrounds at school is important. I agree with it and believe that it would improve each child in their study. 太具体,适合放到主体段落里 比较 Overall, I agree with the opinion that children with different abilities and from various social backgrounds should mix with each other at school. I would like to explain why I hold this view in this essay.

Agree/disagree(题目本身只有一部分内容)
例2

? Some people think the media should not report details of crimes to the public. ? To what extent do you agree or disagree?

反证 ? Overall, I disagree with the opinion that the media should not report details of crimes to the public. I would like to explain why I hold this view in the following essay.
? First of all, the primary responsibility of the media is to report the sheer truth to the public, something that blurs the fact. the media is allowed to report the details of a crime, the public will not be able to know the truth of the

范文

whole process, and important things.

they may well feel that they are cheated of some

? Moreover, the details of a crime will help people get the necessary knowledge about what the criminals might do in similar cases. is of great importance to the public, they can learn in advance what they should do and what they

they have to protect themselves against the brutal criminals 延伸 ? Of course, there are some people who worry that the detailed description of a crime might teach those with an evil intention the possible techniques of committing a crime and help them carry out their criminal acts. , the criminal report were a text book, the public might benefit more from it. , there are many other ways for the potential criminals to learn the methods, from those popular detective stories. , the media should not be solely blamed for that matter. 反驳+举例

should not do

? In conclusion, there might be some negative effects of reporting the details of a crime over the media, they should not be blocked out from the public.

The essential duty of the press is to tell the truth, anyway. (284 words)

Is it a positive or negative development?


? Now more and more workplaces like to employ an equal

number of male and female workers.
? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?

范文
? Overall, I think it is a positive development to employ an equal number of males and females in the workplace. I will explain why I hold this opinion in the following essay. ? First of all, it indicates that our society is making progress in gender equality. in the past, people generally thought that the most suitable positions for women were housewives and mothers, now we can see more and more women taking various important positions in virtually all walks of life. the increase in the job opportunities for women, 对比 they are no longer discriminated against by their male counterparts. ? Moreover, the workplace will also doing so, , , the efficiency rises when different genders work together. psychological factors, men tend to perform better in the presence of their female partners, . , they will also be more willing to go to work and be more devoted to their job than the company comprises only one gender of employees. ? Of course, there are some jobs which are not suitable for most women to do, some heavy physical work. , women may be particularly interested in some kinds of jobs, , it is not 举 like teaching or nursing, and show less enthusiasm for some others. advisable for the workplace to insist on taking equal numbers of men and women, 例 the candidate’s real strength and interest. However, in the fields where women are both physically and mentally competent, they should not be deprived of equal opportunities. ? In conclusion, I believe there are more benefits than harms the equivalence of different genders is taken into consideration in recruiting new members to a workplace, and , other factors, the job applicant’s physical condition, interest, and competence, cannot be ignored, .

引用理论

反驳

Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
? Some people think the advantages of international

tourism outweigh its disadvantages.
? To what extent do you agree or disagree?

范文 there are more advantages of international tourism than disadvantages. I will explain why I hold this opinion in the following essay.
. When one travels abroad, he will meet people from probably every part of the world. By talking with them, he gets to know their cultures and lifestyles, which may be totally different from his own. At the same time, he will also see countless numbers of new things that he has never seen before. All this helps to enrich his experience and broaden his horizon. , in a foreign country, the traveler will be so absorbed in the exotic sceneries that he may forget about all his worries and anxieties, though only temporarily. Therefore, international travelling is regarded by many people as one of the most effective ways to ease one’s mind from the tedious life and work at home. . The most important one is the cultural differences in international tourism. For instance, when one travels to an alien country, he may know little about the local customs and taboos. In this case, he is likely to do something unacceptable in local people’s eye and then the journey may become a nightmare. , international tourism is just like a double-edged weapon. When people enjoy the positive side, they also have to face the negative. But I still believe that the pros far outweigh the cons, and that if we put in enough effort, we are able to eliminate the drawbacks as far as possible. (277 words)

比较 Nowadays, more university students choose to study some practical subjects (such as marketing, computer programming, etc.) instead of theoretical subjects (such as economy, math, chemistry, etc.). Some people suggest that universities should focus on practical subjects, but not on theoretical subjects. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 开头 university students nowadays prefer to study practical subjects like marketing and computer programming rather than theoretical subjects like economy or mathematics. practical subjects should thus become the focus of higher education. 高分版 universities should focus on practical subjects rather than theoretical subjects to cater to the preference of the majority of students. 简化 版

文章结构 第一段:表明立场 第二段:分析更多大学生选择实用课程的原因 第三段:为什么大学的课程不能以实用课程为核心。(分析大学教育的作用) 第四段:结论

However, it never occurs to me that universities should lay more stress on practical subjects than theoretical subjects only because they are what the students needs. This goal, according to educationalists, can be achieved effectively by in every specialized field, such as economics and mathematics, In conclusion, both practical subjects and theoretical subjects are of great significance to higher education. Therefore, it is not advisable for universities to attach more importance to one than the other. What they should do is to strike a good balance between these two kinds of subjects and provide the students with a comprehensive range of education

练习 开头+主体段落主题句+结尾

绝非预测

1. Some people argue that the government should spend money on public services and facilities, but not on the arts? Do you agree or disagree? 2. Many people may work at home with modern technology. Some people claim that it benefits only workers, but not employers. Do you agree or disagree? 3. Some people argue that advertising is discouraging people from being different individuals by making us all want to do the same and look the same. Do you agree or disagree? 4. Today people are getting greedy and selfish. Some people argue that we should go back to the old days, and show respect for the family and community, so that we can make the world a better place to live in. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 5. Some people think that children should learn to compete, but others think that they should be taught to cooperate with others. What’s your opinion?

6. It is more important for a building to serve its purposes than to look beautiful. Architects do not need to worry about whether it is a real work of art. Do you agree or disagree? 7. It is generally believed that some people are born with certain talents, for instance for sport or music, and others are not. However, it is sometimes claimed that any child can be taught to become a good sports person or musician. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. 8. Millions of dollars are spent on space research every year. Some people argue that the money should be spent on improving living standards on Earth. Do you agree or disagree? 9. It is widely accepted that people who have post-school qualifications earn a higher salary than those less educated do. University students should, therefore, pay all the full cost incurred over the course of obtaining a college education. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 10. Research indicates that the characteristics we are born with have much more influence on our personality and development than any experiences we may have in our life. Which do you consider to be the major influence?


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