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2014高考英语易错题特训秘籍3


2014 高考英语教与练特训秘籍 3
1.____________ n.(戏剧的)一幕→____________ vt.行动→____________ n.行动,行为 →____________ adj.积极的,活跃的→____________ adv.活跃地→____________ n.活动 2. ____________ adj.受惊的, 害怕的→____________ vt.使惊骇, 惊恐→____________ adj. 令人害怕的 3.____________ vi.挨饿,饿死 vt.使挨饿→____________ n.挨饿 4.____________ vt.容忍;允许→____________adj.容忍的,宽容的→____________ n.容 忍;忍受 5.____________ vt.辩解,辩白;防御,保护→____________ n.辩解,辩白 6.____________ vt.&vi.解释,说明→____________ n.解释,说明 7.____________ adj.粗鲁的,无礼的→____________ n.粗鲁,无礼 8.____________ n.指导,引导→____________ vt.指导,引导 9.____________ n.争吵,辩论;论点,论据→____________ vi.争论 10.____________ n.自由→____________ vt.解放,使自由→____________ adj.自由的, 无拘无束的 11.____________ adj.担心的,担忧的→____________ vt.使担忧,使忧虑→____________ adj.令人担忧的 12.____________ vt.& n.伤害→____________ adj.有害的→____________ adj.无害的 13.____________ adj.愚蠢的→____________ vt.& n.愚弄;傻瓜 14 . ____________ n. 耐心→____________ adj. 有耐心的→____________ adv. 有耐心地 →____________ adj.不耐烦的 15.____________ adj.自私的→____________ n.自己,自身→____________ adj.无私的 16.____________ n.& adj.正常(的) ,一般(的)→____________ adv.正常地,一般地 →____________ adj.不正常的 17.____________ adj.具有挑战性的→____________ n.&vt.挑战

1.The heavy rain beat so hard against the windows as if someone were hitting them,and I was very much f________. 2.Mr Obama must make it clear that he will not t________ attempts to paralyze(使停滞)his medical care reform. 3.Changes to the regular daily schedule can cause your child to feel u________ and sad. 4.They need more troops to d________ the border against possible attacks. 5.The patient d________ to be informed about the possible sideeffects of the drug in

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advance. 6.He'd better have a good ____________(解释)for his behaviour. 7.William started off on the wrong foot by having an ____________(争辩)with the manager on his first day at work. 8.I am not ____________(担心的)about your health but your marriage. 9.He owes his success to hard work and ____________(耐心). 10. You are supposed to realize that your fears and anxieties are a ____________ (正常的) part of the process.

1.____________ up 把声音调大;出现 2.____________ sb.to do sth.强迫某人做某事 3.can't ____________ to do sth.迫不及待地要做某事 4.look ____________ 打量四周 5.be ____________ to do 应该,应当做?? 6.____________ at 对某人大喊 7.go ____________(灯)熄灭 8.not...____________ 不再,再也不 9.____________ of 代替,而不是 10.be ____________ on 对??苛刻,对??严厉 11.____________ that 既然;由于 12.feel ____________ 感到不安 13.keep...in ____________ 记住 14.grow ____________ sth.因长大而不再喜欢某事物或不再做某事 15.go to ____________ 入睡 16.be ____________ of 为??感到骄傲 17.____________ up 熬夜 18.____________ all 毕竟 19.as ____________ 至于,关于 20.____________ up with 赶上 21.get ____________ with 与某人相处,进展 22.go ____________ 经历 23.out of ____________ 未被控制住,失控 24.____________ on 依赖 25.turn ____________ 结果是,证明是
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1.Eric runs in after it,followed by a big dog,walking very slowly. 埃里克跟在后面跑了进来,后面跟着条大狗,这狗走得很慢。

句型提炼:followed by...过去分词短语作伴随状语。
2.The room is in a mess,with pizza boxes on the floor and dirty dishes in the sink. 屋里一团糟,有比萨盒子在地板上,洗碗池里堆满了脏碟子。

句型提炼:with+名词/代词+形容词/副词/介词短语/不定式/分词,在句中可作定语或状
语。 3.Listen to me,young man—we left you in charge! 年轻人,听我说,我们走的时候是把家交给你管了!

句型提炼:leave sth./sb.+形容词/副词/介词短语/不定式/分词,表示“使??处于某种状
态”。形容词、副词、介词短语、不定式或分词在句中作宾语补足语。 4. At present, to prevent upsetting his mother with an argument, I am allowing him his freedom. 目前,为了避免争吵而引起他的妈妈不安,我放纵他的自由。

句型提炼:to prevent...不定式作目的状语。prevent doing sth.阻止做某事。allow sb.sth.允
许某人某事。 5.However,I am worried that if I keep allowing him to do what he wants,he may fail at school,or worse. 可是,我担心如果我继续让他为所欲为的话,那他将学无所成,甚至更糟。

句型提炼:I am worried that if I keep...这里 that 引导的宾语从句里含有 if 引导的条件状语
从句,that 不可省略。keep doing...一直做??。allow sb.to do sth.允许某人做某事。

参考答案
基础梳理整合 词汇拓展 1. act; act; action; active; actively; activity 2. frightened; frighten; frightening 3. starve; starvation 4. tolerate; tolerant; tolerance 5. defend; defense 6. explain; explanation 7. rude;

rudeness 8.guidance;guide 9.argument;argue 10.freedom;free;free 11.worried; worry;worrying 12.harm;harmful;harmless 13.foolish;fool 14.patience;patient;

patiently ; impatient

15 . selfish ; self ; unselfish/selfless

16 . normal ; normally ; abnormal

17.challenging;challenge 语境记词
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1. frightened 2. tolerate 3. upset 4. defend 5. deserves 6. explanation 7. argument 8.worried 9.patience 10.normal 短语回顾 1.turn 2.force 3.wait 4.around 5.supposed 6.shout 7.out 8.anymore

9. instead 10. hard 11. now 12. upset 13. mind 18.after 19.for 20.keep 21.along

14. out of 15. sleep 16. proud 17. stay

22.through 23.control 24.depend 25.out

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