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IELTS-大作文精解4-2012


第十讲

Tasks for today
1.
1. 2.

理顺辩论类题目的四种类型的思路
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(两种情况) Is it a p

ositive or negative development? Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

3.
4.

2. 详细讲解“to what extent do you agree or disagree”

的第一种情况。

辩论类题型2: To what extent do you agree or disagree?
第一种情况:

此题型容易偏题, 需要格外小心!

题目本身包含两部分内容,其中一部分是不争的事实,另一部分值得反 对。
例1 The position of women in society has changed markedly in the last
twenty years. Many of the problems young people now experience, such as juvenile delinquency, arise from the fact that many married women now work and are not at home to care for their children.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

例2 When a country develops its technology, the traditional skills and
ways of life die out. It is pointless to try and keep them alive. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

第二种情况: 题目只有一部分,对其表示赞同或反对。

例Some people think the media should not report details of crimes to the
public. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

第一类思路
即:题目本身包含两部分内容,其中一部分是不争的事实,另一部分值得反对

…… (你同意的那部分观点), ……(你准备反驳的那部分观点).

…… (论述你同意的那部分观点)

观点)

…… (论述你反对的那部分

……(你的结论)

例1: lifestyle/technology
? More and more people use the mobile phones and computers to communicate, and they no longer write letters to each other. Some people think the

skills of letter writing will soon disappear completely. ? To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
偏题的可 能性

只写写信这种技能是否会完全消失,而忽略了现代交流手段飞 速发展导致人们不再象以前那样频繁写信这个不争的事实。

解题思路
? 同意的部分:More and more people use the mobile phones and computers to communicate, and they no longer write letters to each other
? 理由:
? 用Mobile phones和

? 反对的部分the skill of

letter writing will soon disappear completely.
? 理由: ? 写信有不可替代的好处

computers交流的好处
? Letter writing的不便之



词汇
名词 ? Commonplace ? Merit/benefit/advantage/virtue ? Communication ? Convenience ? Instant messenger ? Modern device ? Sincerity 动词 ? Tend to do sth. ? Take up too much time and effort ? Die out ? Suppose ? Play a leading role in ? Ignore ? Turn out to be 形容词 ? Out of fashion ? Irreplaceable ? Hand-written ? Moved ? Impressed ? Precious ? Unique 副词 ? As a result ? Anytime and anywhere ? Compared with A ? Worse still ? For this reason ? Eventually ? Apparently/obviously/evidently ? In some special cases

名词
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

形容词
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

常见之物 好处 交流 方便 即时聊天工具 现代设备 真诚

过时的 不可替代的 手写的 感动的 印象深刻的 珍贵的 独一无二的

副词 动词
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

往往会做某事 占用太多的时间和精力 消亡 假设 在…中起着主导作用 忽视 结果是;证明是

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

所以 随时随地 和A相比 更糟的是 因此 最终 明显地 在一些特殊情况下

范文
mobile phones and computers have become commonplaces in people’s daily life and, , less people tend to write letters nowadays, the skill of letter writing will soon disappear completely.

对比
, mobile phones and computers do have their own merits in communication, the most important of which is their speed and convenience. People can talk almost anytime and anywhere with their friends over the cell phone, or through the instant messengers on the Internet like QQ, or MSN. such modern devices, writing a letter seems to be way out of fashion, and takes up too much time and effort. , after the letter is finished, the task is not over yet, it has to beposted. , letter writing is almost forgotten by modern people.

延伸

letters will eventually die out one day, they have irreplaceable virtues. they carry personal feelings and emotions any other ways of communication. , you are actually showing more of your sincerity and respect to the person who you are writing to. a friend of yours receives a hand-written letter from you, how can he or she not be moved and impressed by this traditional, apparently more precious and romantic way of communication? letter writing no longer plays a leading role in people’s daily life, we cannot ignore its unique value. when you want to express your love, writing a letter may turn out to be more effective than any other modern methods. (292 words)

举例

例2: Society/gender
?

The position of women in society has changed markedly in the last twenty years. Many of the problems young people now experience, such as juvenile delinquency, arise from the fact that many married women now work and are not at home to care for their children.

?

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
偏题的可 能性 只写青少年问题是否由于母亲在外工作而非在家照顾孩子引起, 却忽略了女性的社会地位有了巨大改变这个的不争事实。

考官范文剑二 P161

不争的事实

the position of women in society has undergone a dramatic change in the past twenty years this is a direct cause of the indisputable increase in juvenile-related problems during this period.
It is now accepted that young women should find work on leaving school; indeed to rely totally on their parents’ financial support is no longer an option in many families. Likewise, once they get married, the majority of women continue working since the financial pressures of setting up a house and establishing a reasonable standard of living often require two incomes. Twenty years ago it was common for women to give up work once they had children and devote their time to caring for their children. This is no longer the general rule and the provision of professionally-run child care facilities and day nurseries have removed much of the responsibility for child rearing that used to fall to mothers. However, these facilities come at a cost and often require two salaries coming into a family to be afforded. the increase in the number of working mothers has resulted in children being brought up less well than previously. Indeed it could be argued that by giving mothers the opportunity to work and earn extra money children can be better provided for than previously. There is more money for luxuries and holidays and a more secure family life is possible. Of course there are limits as to the amount of time that ideally should be spent away from home and the ideal scenario would be for one of the parents (often the wife) to have a part-time job and thus be available for their children before and after school. It is important to establish the correct balance between family life and working life. (308 words) 反对的部分

例3:Culture Vs. Technology
? When a country develops its technology, the traditional

skills and ways of life die out. It is pointless to try and keep them alive.
? To what extent do you agree or disagree with this

opinion?
偏题的可 能性 只写保持传统技能和生活方式是否有意义,却忽略了随着科 技发展很多传统技能和生活方式逐渐消失的不争事实。 Traditional skills and ways of life 把抽象的问题具体化

?

e.g. letter writing, face-to-face meeting

固定套路 with the development of technology many traditional skills and ways of life are fading away in our modern world, the efforts to preserve these traditional things are of no use. 举例+对比 , quite a number of traditional skills and ways of life are gradually disappearing. For instance, people used to write letters and meet each other face to face frequently before the advent of telephones and computers. But now modern technology has made it possible for the majority of people to communicate conveniently over the telephone or on the Internet, and the skill of letter writing seems to be no longer necessary. Likewise, face-to-face meeting is not a must any more, since most things that used to be carried out in the real world can now be done in the virtual world. it is pointless to keep these traditional skills and ways of life alive. Even though a great many traditions no longer play a leading role today, as they did in the past, they have their unique value in our modern life. Handwritten letters, for example, carries special emotions and feelings that modern technology cannot convey, and the virtual world will never make you feel the warmth of a face-to-face talk. 延伸+举例 it necessary to preserve traditional skills and lifestyles as far as possible, for it is these things, rather than modern technology, that serve as the most effective means by which human beings can pass on what they did in the past to the future generations. (266 words)

考官范文剑三 P162

作业:熟读并思考考官的思路,积累素材。

I would like to begin by pointing out that ‘traditional skills and ways of life’ are not automatically of one country, but of a culture or community. In many ways, the history of civilization is the history of technology: from the discovery of fire to the invention of the wheel to the development of the Internet, we have been moving on from previous ways of doing things. Some technologies, such as weapons of mass destruction, are of negative impact. Others, such as medical advances, positively help people to live better or longer, and so very much help traditional ways of life. Surely, few people would seek to preserve such traditions as living in caves! Interestingly, technology can positively contribute to the keeping alive of traditional skills and ways of life. For example, the populations of some islands are too small to have normal schools Rather than breaking up families by sending children to the mainland, education authorities have been able to use the Internet to deliver schooling online. In addition, the Internet, and modern refrigeration techniques, are being used to keep alive the traditional skills of producing salmon; it can now be ordered from, and delivered to, anywhere in the world. , without suggesting that all technology is necessarily good, I think it is by no means ‘pointless’. In any way, to try to keep traditions alive with technology. We should not ignore technology, because it can be our friend and support our way of life. (254 words)

练习
? Nowadays, more university students choose to study

some practical subjects (such as marketing, computer programming, etc.) instead of theoretical subjects (such as economy, math, chemistry, etc.). Some people suggest that universities should focus on practical subjects, but not on theoretical subjects.
? To what extent do you agree or disagree?


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