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高考作文议论文写作指导(模板,例句、范文)


议论文写作指导
议论文的框架 (1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 ) There is a widespread concern over the issue that _______. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ ________(观点一). In their views there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, _________(原因 一).Furthermore, in the second place, ____(原因二). So it goes without saying that ___(观点一) People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___(观点二). In their point of view, on the one hand, ___(原因一). On the other hand, ____(原因二) Therefore, there is no doubt that ___(观点二) As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __(观点一或二). It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. (2)利弊型的议论文 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)_______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __(题目议题)。 Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___ (优点一). And secondly ___(优点二). Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___(缺点一). In addition, ____(缺点二). To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __(讨论议题).into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____(讨论议题). ( 3 ) 答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)________ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __(途径一). In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___(途径二). Above all, to solve the problem of ___(作文题目), we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____(方法). ( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " _______(谚语)" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ________

(谚语的含义) . The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is ___(例子一). Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ______(谚语). With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: _______(谚语). The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.. 一、写作要求、步骤 1. 议论文是以议论为主要表达方式的一种文体,它通过摆事实,讲道理的方式来辩明是非 曲折,从而表达出作者的观点。它常由论点,论据和论证三部分构成。 2. 在近几年的高考书面表达中,其主要命题形式是以表格式和提纲式来呈现写作材料的。 3. 它要求语言必须简练,准确,要尽可能避免使用口语,多用书面语,可适当使用名言警 句;以议论为主,辅之以叙述,说明和描写等手法。 4. 写作时要围绕中心论点展开议论,即论据和论证要围绕论点展开。根据题目要求,有时 需要从正反两面来论述,可增强论证的力度。最后,可得出结论,照应开头,形成一个 有机的整体。 5. 写作时常以三段式的形式展开议论。 二.写作实用表达: 1. 引言段 现象+观点 现象就来自作文题目,然后再开门见山地亮出自己的观点。 2. 主体段 ① 引用一些名人名言、成语、格言、谚语灯作为论据 ② 举例 ③ 对比 先总后分的手法——先亮出主题句, 然后再用发展句充实段落。 你必须围绕着引言段的观点 展开,千万不能让人觉得的的文章段落之间没有衔接。 此外,在主体段中要恰当地使用过渡词,有明显的层次感, 3.结尾段 结论,用一、二句话来结束文章,做到首尾呼应。一定要再次澄清你的观点,切记与引言段 的观点一致,建议用不同的词句法表达一个意思。

段首句 1.关于??人们有不同的观点。一些人认为?? Therearedifferentopinionsamongpeopleasto???Somepeoplesuggestthat____. 2.俗话说(常言道)??,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然 适用。 Thereisanoldsaying??It’stheexperienceofourforefathers,however, itiscorrectinmanycaseseventoday. 4.现在,??很普遍,许多人喜欢??,因为??,另外(而且)??。

Nowadays,itiscommonto??,Manypeoplelike??because??.Besides,??. 5.任何事物都是有两面性,??也不例外。 Every coins hastwosidesand??isnotanexception. 6.关于??人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)??,在他们看来,?? People’sopinionsabout??varyfrompersontoperson.Somepeoplesaythat??,Tothem, ??. 7.人类正面临着一个严重的问题??,这个问题变得越来越严重。 Manisnowfacingabigproblem??whichisbecomingmoreandmoreserious. 8.??已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。 ??hasbecomeahottopicamongpeople, especiallyamongtheyoungandheateddebatesarerightontheirway. 9.??在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用, 它给我们带来了许多好处, 但同时 也引发一些严重 的问题。 ??hasbeenplayinganincreasinglyimportantroleinourday-to-daylife.Ithasbroug htusalotofbenefitsbuthascreatedsomeseriousproblemsaswell.

中间段落句
1.相反,有一些人赞成??,他们相信??,而且,他们认为??。 Onthecontrary,therearesomepeopleinfavorof??.Atthesametime,theysay??. 2.但是,我认为这不是解决??的好方法,比如??。最糟糕的是??。 ButIdon’tthinkitisaverygoodwaytosolve??.Forexample, ??.Worstofall, ??. 3.首先,??。而且??,最重要的是?? First,??.What’smore,??.Mostimportantofall,??. 4.面临??,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来??。一方面??,另一方面, Confrontedwith??, weshouldtakeaseriesofeffectivemeasuresto??.Foronething,??Foranother,?? 5.早就应该拿出行动了。比如说??,另外??。所有这些方法肯定会??。 Itishightimethatsomethingwasdoneaboutit.Forexample.??.Inaddition.??.All themeasureswillcertainly???. 6.然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,??也有它的不利的一面,象??。 However, justlikeeverythinghasbothitsgoodandbadsides,???alsohasitsowndisadvantages, suchas???. 7.尽管如此,我相信??更有利。 Nonetheless,Ibelievethat??ismoreadvantageous. 8.完全同意??这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下: Ifullyagreewiththestatementthat??because??. 结尾句 1.至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为?? AsfarasIamconcerned,Iagreewiththelatteropiniontosomeextent.Ithinkthat?? 2.总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注??这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来??。

Inaword, thewholesocietyshouldpaycloseattentiontotheproblemof??Onlyinthiswaycan??int hefuture. 4.就我个人而言,我相信??,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为?? Personally,Ibelievethat??Consequently,I ‘mconfidentthatabrightfutureisawaitingusbecause?? 5.随着社会的发展,??。因此,迫切需要??。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自己的一 份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。 Withthedevelopment of society,??necessaryto??Ifeverymemberiswillingtocontributehimselftothesocie ty,itwillbebetterandbetter. 6.至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为??更合理。只有这样,我们才能?? Formypart,Ithinkitreasonableto??Onlyinthiswaycanyou?? 7.在总体上很难说??是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于??的形势。然而,就 我个人而言,我发现??。 Itisdifficulttosaywhether??isgoodornotingeneralasitdependsverymuchon thesituationof??.however,fromapersonalpointofviewfind?? 8.综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论?? Fromwhathasbeendiscussedabove,wemayreasonablyarriveattheconclusionthat?? 9.如果我们不采取有效的方法, 就可能控制不了这种趋势, 就会出现一些意想不到的不 良后果,所以,我们应该做的是?? Ifwecannottakeusefulmeans,wemaynotcontrolthistrend, andsomeundesirableresultmaycomeoutunexpectedly,sowhatweshoulddois?? 三、典型例题 1.典型例题 1 当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。 有人选择看电影, 有人则喜欢读原著。 请你以“Film or book, which do you prefer?”为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文: 1、 看电影:省时、有趣、易懂 2、 读原著:细节更多、语言优美 3、 我的看法及理由 注意:1、词数:100-120 文章题目和开头已给出(不计入词数) 。 2、参考词汇: original work 或 book in the original (原著) Film or book, which do you prefer? Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original.

2.典型例题 2. A)题目:The Most Important Thing in the World B)提示:有人认为,世界上最重要的东西是“钱” 。许多人不同意这个看法。 请就这个问题谈谈你的意见。 150~200words

范文 Film or book, which do you prefer? ome of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting, and it is easier to follow. Some others have just the opposite opinion. They think that they can get more detailed information from the original. Meanwhile, the language in the book is possibly more lively and beautiful. Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it. I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a situation of my own, and what’s more, I am able to better understand the author’s ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it.

The Most Important Thing in the World In my opinion,the most important thing in the world is TIME.However long one may live,his life consists of a certain number of years,and a year has only12months, a month30days and one day24hours.Once you waste one hour,you can not get it back no matter how much you would pay for it. Even though you are the richest person in the world,you can not afford to waste your time,because it means that you are wasting your life.Even though you are the most powerful person in the world,one hour has60minutes for you just as for everyone else who struggles at the bottom of the society. Some people think that the most important thing in the world is money.In their opinion,if you have enough money,you will have everything you want.I would like to ask them a simple question:Can you buy time? The only thing with which we can win more time is efficiency.If you work with high efficiency,you can do more in a certain period of time than other people.


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