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高中英语常用动词用法总结


淄博第四中学

高中英语常用动词用法总结
1.bring 与 take 相反 vt. bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 引起,突现,造成 归还,带回来 提出; 抚育大,教养 脱离.. . 突然(迸出) 拿来,带来,送来 引进、引来、吸收 使..前进 . 2. 使..倒下 . bring about bring ba

ck bring out bring up 2.break break away break away from break down break forth break into break out break through 3.burn bring in bring back to life (health) 使复生,使恢复健康 bring on 1. 降低 违反规定 突然进入,非法进入;插嘴,打岔 vt. 打断,折断; 中断,断绝(关系) 显示出来,表现出来,讲清楚;出版;生产;提出 bring down

突然逃掉或离开;断绝往来;改掉(习惯) ;破除(旧做法) break the rule (身体)垮了; (谈话)中断; (机器)坏了;压倒,克服 break in 破门而入;突然,一下子.. .;打扰,打断 爆发;突然(大声地)vt 突破,打通 .break off 分散,折散;分解;腐蚀 吃亏

break up

燃烧,烧毁;烧着;晒黑 burn away vi. 熊熊燃烧;烧掉,烧完 开夜车 烧毁, burn down burn one’s fingers 把..烧成平地、烧光 .

burn the midnight oil

The bedclothes catch fire and the whole house may be burnt down . burn ... to the ground 4.matter 把..烧平 . 没关系

In the country the revolutionaries set fire to the nobles' castles and burnt them to the ground . ( SIIL 87 ) vi. 有关系,有严重性,要紧 怎么啦? 没关系 It doesn’t matter. It doesn’t matter doing sth. It doesn’t matter that.. = It doesn’t make difference that.. .. . n. What’s the matter? No matter what(how..) . It is no matter that.. .. 5.check check sth. ..不管怎么.. . . as a matter of fact 事实上,不瞒你说 报到,签到,到达 查清楚,检查

What’s the matter with ..? .

检查,调查,核对; 阻止,遏制

check in check on

check off check out check over

核对无误; 下班 检查一遍 检查,调查,核对 核对,检查 控制住 冲破;爆裂;炸破;胀破

把…检查一遍,清点登记; 结账后离开(旅馆) check through 查看,校阅 check with check 和…核对;和…相符 支票, (饭馆)账单, 方案 突然出现(发生) ;

check up (on) n.

make a check of

keep (hold) in check 6.burst (vi.) burst through

burst forth

burst into tears (laughter, leaf, blossom) 突然(进入某种状态或发生某种情况) burst with 装得满满的,装得快要裂开了;非常,. ..之极 burst out laughing (crying… ) 似乎, 显得 appear + adj. appear + done It appear that…. 四处寻找 预测未来 burst into song (sweat…) 急于做.. .;迫切想做.. . 突然..起来 .

be bursting to do sth. 7.appear vi.

link-v. = seem

appear to do sth. appear + sth. 8.look link-v look about 四周打量

look + adj. (过去分词,名词,介词短语,)看起来, look about for look ahead

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淄博第四中学 看起来像 look as if 看起来好像 上下打量某人 看不起,蔑视 look at 看起来不错

look like

look well 看,望, 看待 回顾,回想

look sb. up and down look after

照看,照管,照顾,负责处理 盼望,希望;预计会有 拜望,顺便来看望 旁观,在旁边看 查找,找出;当心,注意 翻阅,审读;复习 查出,了解;看望,拜访 mind + 名词

look back on look for look in look into

look down upon (on) look forward to look in on look on look out look over

找寻,自找(麻烦) , 作短时间的访晤(参观) , 调查,了解,研究 把..看作 . 当心,提防;找寻,注意; 审视,到处看看;回头望 照顾,注意,负责 上下打量

look on … as… look out for look round look to

look through 翻阅,查看;读一遍 look up 9.mind 当心,注意 mind that.. . never mind 没关系,不要紧

look up and down mind + that.. . mind + if .. . mind + 名词

介意,在乎(主要用于疑问句和否定句)

mind doing sth. 劳驾, 可否请你.. .?

Would you mind doing sth ? 我可以(做). ..吗? =Can /May I do sth. ?

Would you mind if I did sth. ? = Do you mind if I do sth. ? change one’s mi keep one’s mind on.. . 改变主意

keep in mind

记住

聚精会神干.. . make up one’s mind that.. . 说..是.. . ., call away call for 认为.. . 叫走了 要求、号召、约请 骂(人)

make up one’s mind to do sth. 决定做.. . 10.call sb. call 叫(喊)某人, 给某人打电话 sb. + 名词 sb. + adj. 引起对..的注意 . 回电话;叫回去 招集、招来,找来;请来;收回 = call at sb’s house .. . 访问(某地) 访问某人

call attention to call call back in

call names 拜望,去会(某人)

call on (upon) sb.

call on (upon) sb. to do sth. call at ( a place ) call out to sb.

叫(请)某人作某事;号召;要求;呼吁 call on 拜访、访问 给某人打电话; 叫..起床 . 随叫随到, 随时可用 又意见要提 向某人吼(叫喊) call up

= shout at sb.

n. pay (make) a call on sb. give sb. a call 11.pick pick sth. 摘下来

=pay a visit to sb. on call

= male a calltosb. 给..打电话 . 债,检, 拾; 挑选 挑毛病,找出破绽 仔细前进, 小心往前走

have a bone to pick pick and choose pick on

pick a hole in sth. pick off

挑剔, 仔细挑选 挑选出, 选好; 认出, 看清楚

选择, 挑选; 招惹, 找岔

pick one's way pick up

pick out

拾起, 拿起; (偶然)买到; 得到, 染上; (非正规地)学会; (取)某物, 接(某人)上车; 整理, 收拾; 继续(讲故事, 谈话等) 收听到; (身体)恢复健康; (情况)好转 想,思考 think that.. . 想,认为,以为

12.think

sb. think

I don’t think he is good student.(注意否定的转移) What do you think she would feel ?(do you think 是插入语) think sb.(sth.) + adj. think + it + adj. / 名词 + to do sth. think + it + adj. / 名词 + that.. . think to do sth. 打算做.. .; 想到,预料 think sb. (sth.) + 名词 think + it + adj. / 名词 + doing sth. think sb.(sth.) to be.. . think that.. . 想到,预料

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淄博第四中学 想, 回忆 想到,想起 想出 考虑 把想的事情说出来 赞扬.. .

think about think back (to)

think aloud = (out / loud )

think highly(well, much..) of . think of..as.. . . think over 对..觉得怎么样? . link-v. go + adj. 到处走动;vt. 变为

think little (badly, nothing) of think of think out 去;离开;走

认为..不好(评价不高) . 以为,认为 仔细考虑

What do you think about (of)..? . 13.go vi.

go fishing (hunting, shooting, cycling, swimming, walking, drinking, shopping..) . be going to go after go ahead go along go away go bad go by go down 准备或打算做某事 追(捕) ,追求 开始做.. .;进行;往前走;用吧 和..一道去,和..一样干 . . 走开、离开、逃跑 (食物)变坏、坏掉 go about go against

去干某事 着手干.. .

违背,违反;对..不利 . 全力以赴做.. . 到处走;流传,传开 超出,超越 可追溯到

go all out to do sth. go around(round) go back to go beyond

过去,经过;根据..行事,从..来看 . . (太阳等)下落, (船)下沉;下降,下跌;传下去 跪下,屈膝 go Dutch 各付各的钱,打平伙 离开, 走开 接着做.. . 出去,出国;熄灭 从事(某种职业或工作) ,有某种爱好 调查;了解,研究,讨论 发生,进行,进展 go off go on to do sth. go out

go down on one’s knees go in for go into go on

go on doing sth. = go on with sth. 继续做.. . go over go through

研究,检查,审阅;复习,讲解,排演;查看 审阅,检查,讨论;查看,翻找,搜寻;看一遍,做一遍;经理,经过;通过,成功 上床睡觉(未睡着) 破碎 干起来 向..走过来 . 找到sb. find sth. sb. find sb. sth. go to sleep go to the dogs 睡着 相配,和谐 相配;和..交朋友 . sb. find sth. sb. find sb. (sth.) + n. sb. find sb. (sth.) + 过去分词 sb. find sb. (sth.) + 介词短语 sb. find that.. . 变得不可救药,情况变得糟糕极了

【辨析】 go to bed go to pieces go to work go up go up to 14.find 发现

go together

上涨,涨价;上升,增长; (楼房)盖起来 go with

sb. find sb. (sth.) + adj. sb. find sb. (sth.) + 现在分词 sb. find sb. (sth.) + adv. sb. find sb. (sth.) + to be.. . 了解,打听清楚

find out 15.feel 感觉,感到 sb. feel sth.

sb. feel + sdj. sb. feel sb. (sth.) + 过去分词

sb. feel + p.p. sb. feel sb. (sth.) + do sth.

sb. feel sb. (sth.) + 现在分词 sb. feel that.. . sth. feel + adj. feel ilke (doing) sth. 16.set vi. 下沉,下落 set sth. set sb. sth. 感觉起来

feel as if

感到仿佛..似的(多用虚拟语气) . 摸索着走(干)

想(做某事) ;愿意

feel one’s way

放置,确定(时间) ,规定(任务) ;出(题) ;布置(作业) set sb. to do sth. set sb. doing sth. set sb. + 介词短语 着手(开始)做.. set an example . set sb. an example 树立榜样

使做.. .,使处于..状态 . set about (doing) sth.

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淄博第四中学 对..放火,使着火 . vi. vi. 动身,出发 释放(某人) 一心想做.. .

set fire to set off set out

set ... free

set one’s heart(mind) on

出发,动身;打算(开始,准备)作.. . 打算(开始,准备)作.. . 距离,详述 set up 竖起来,建立,成立;自称 keep sb. (sth.) + 分词 记日记 瞧着点, 照看 老是不断做.. . 阻止..做.. . . 保持健康 ( doing sth. ) 继续(做某事) 记住 保持,继续(做.. .) 保持,保留,留下,保留 keep + adj. / adv. 密切注视 作记录 老是做.. . 维持生命 忍住, 留下 与…保持联系 守信 保持安静,保持沉默 跟上 like + 名词 like + to do sth. like sb.(sth.) + 形容词 would(should) like +名词 would like to do sth. = would love to do sth. like + doing sth. keep + 介词短语 keep sb. (sth.) + 介词短语 keep a diary keep an eye on keep on doing sth. keep ..from.. . . keep fit keep on keep ..in mind . keep up

set out to do sth. set out + 名词 17.keep keep sth. link.v.

保持,继续

keep sb. (sth.) + adj. / adv. keep a close watch on keep a record keep doing sth.

keep body and soul together keep back keep in touch with keep one’s word keep silence keep up with 18.like 喜欢 like sb. to do sth. 愿意,希望,想要

would like sb. to do sth. would like sb. + 分词 do as one likes if you like prep. 像

I would like you to change this blouse , or else give me my money back . 你觉得..怎么样 .

爱怎么样,就怎么样 How do you like + 名词 如果你愿意 (引起短语做表语,状语,定语)

You are just like what I expected. 想要 feel like + 名词 look like 19.control n. 看起来像 What is ..like ? .

I don’t like the book like that. feel like doing sth. 是..样子? .

= What does..look like ? . 控制

sb. control sth.

控制 have (hold) control over (of) sb. (sth.) 控制着 (be) beyond control in control (of) out of control under control 无法控制,控制不了 gain (take…) control of 取得了对…控制 lose control of seize control of 失去对…的控制 夺取对…的控制 控制着,处于统治地位 被失去控制,无法控制 (被)控制住

20.develop develop 该词虽然用法简单,但在不同的句子有不同的意义,故收入。并以例句说明。 发育 SIII(A) P50 建立 SIII(A) P14 发达的

Boys develop physically later than girls. They developed a strong system of society.

At work he developed a kind of material strong enough to hold things together. 发现, 搞成 China is one of the developing countries while the U.S.A is a developed country. 发展着的, He has developed an interest in science. He developed the photographs which he had taken. 形成,养成 冲洗(胶卷) 开发, 建设

We must develop the natural resources of our country.

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淄博第四中学

I developed a cold this week.

(开始)生病 给 提建议 给手势

21.give

v give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 送给人,分发

give advice

give a sign

give

a smile (shout, talk, blow, knock, push..) . give away give in give off give one’s life to give out vi.

(表示一个动作) give back give in to give sb. a hand (with) give one’s regards to give out that.. . 还给;恢复(健康等) 向某人让步(屈服,认输) 帮忙(做.. .) 向某人问好 宣布 放弃;不再做;改掉 让位于,转为

交进来;让步,妥协,投降,认输 散发出(气味,烟雾) 把一生献给.. . 散发,颁发 把..献给.. . . 允许进入; 接纳

give out + 名词 = sth. give out 用完,耗尽,没有了 give up give up one’s life to 22.admit give way to 承认; 允许进入; 容纳得下

admit sth. 承认

be admitted to + 名词 admit that…

= admit sb. to (into) sth. admit doing sth. 承认 admit of 允许, 有…余地 吃,喝,

admit sb. (to be) done. / 形容词 承认 admit to (doing) sth. 23.have 承认 有;

have sth. = have got sth. 一路顺风 坐下

have sth.

have a talk (rest, look at, drink, wash, fight, walk, dream, bath, dance, smoke.. . have a good trip have a seat 使..(做).. . . have sb. do sth. have to have a ..time . have sb. done 不得不做.. . 过得.. . have sb. doing sth. had better do sth. have..about (on) sb. . have sb. + 介词短语/副词 最好(做.. .) 身边带有.. . 对..有影响 . 同情 有事、有约会 和..有关系 . 可怜, have a talk with have a test 与..谈话 . 参加测验

have a word (a few words) with 和..讲(几)句话 . have difficulty in have none of have something to do with have 24.pay sports pay sth. pay sb. sth. pay sb. pay back pay for pay off pay a visit to sb. = pay a call on ab. pay attention to 需要 need sth. 不允许 有..要做 . 进行体育活动

have an effect on (upon) have pity on 着,带着

( doing ) sth.(做). ..有困难(麻烦) have on

have..to do with . 偿还;交付

I paid him $5000 yesterday. I haven’t paid the doctor. 偿还 vt. vt. 赔偿,为..付出代价 . vt. 还清 访问,拜望 注意

25.need

need to do sth.

need doing

情态动词:用于否定句,疑问句(较少用于肯定句) He needn’t go out for such a thing . n. 患难之交 Need you buy this book ? 需要 需要,必要(不可数) ;需要的东西(可数) in need of 拿,取,带;吃,喝;占领,赢得;

a friend in need 26.take take sth.

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淄博第四中学 看一看 打的 打赌 冒风险 对..有兴趣 . 忙于(某事) ;喜欢 瞄准 看作,认为 小睡 接受(工作) 碰碰运气,冒..风险 . 坐下 照一张相 长得像,性格等像 随身携带 拿走;减去; take back to 使回想起

take a look at take a taxi take a bet take a risk take an interest in be taken up with take aim take ..as.. . . take back take care 当心

take a nap take a job take a chance take a seat

take a photograph ( of ) take after take along

take away take care that.. .

收回(诺言,话语等) ;送还;退(货) take care to do sth.

take care of

照料,料理,照顾;当心,注意;处理,对付 负责(处理某事或照料某人) ;接管 感冒,伤风 拿下来,取下来;记下来 take control of ake ill (sick) 突然生病 控制住,管住 开始起作用;生效 take it for granted that.. .

take charge (of) take cold

take delight (pleasure) in sth.喜欢(做)某事 take delight (pleasure) in doing sth. take down take effect take..for (to be) sth.(错)当作,以为是 . take..for granted . take ..for example . take in 想当然认为(会是某种情况) ;认为是理所当然 以..为例 . take hold of 抓住;吸引住 注意 理会;注意

接受(房客,客人等) ,留宿;理解,明白;包括,涉及; (把衣服)改小,改瘦;订阅 不要着急;慢慢来 作笔记,记笔记 佩服;敬重 慢慢来,从容不迫 接替(职务);接管 可怜,怜悯 站在….一边 take the place of 代替、取代 不辞劳苦的做.. . take to doing sth. take turns (at) doing sth. 轮流做.. . take note of take notice of

take it easy take notes take off

脱下(衣,帽等) ;起飞;匆匆离开;休假,请假;取消 take on 接受,从事(工作) ;雇用;上车,接受乘客 取出,使退色;领取 参加,参与 发生,举行 甘心忍受(而不反抗)

take off one’s hat to take one’s time take over take pity on(upon) take (a) pride in take sides

take out take part in take place

为..感到自豪(骄傲) . 担任主席 喜欢;养成某种爱好

take sth. lying down

( in )

take the chair

take trouble to do sth. take to sth.

take turns to do sth. take up 27.consider 认为 考虑

开始学习(课程) ,选修;从事;向..提出;占用(时间) . ;占掉(空间) consider that.. . consider that.. . consider what (how) to do sth. consider sb. (sth.) + sb. (sth.) consider sb. + p.p. consider doing sth.

consider sb.+ adj. consider sb.+ 介词短语 使得.. .

把…看作是 consider sb. to be.. . 28.make make sth. 做,制造

make sb. do sth. make sb. (sth.) + adj. make it + adj.(n.) + that.. . make it + adj.(n.) + doing sth.

make sb. (sth.) done make sb. (sth.) + n. make it + adj.(n.) + to do sth. make a dash for make a deal with make a decision make a face = make faces

赶往.. .,冲向.. . 达成协议,做成交易 作出规定 做鬼脸,做苦相 make a good effort 作很大的努力

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淄博第四中学 录制唱片 注意,记下来 为…作计划

make a record make a note of make fun of

make a plan for

make an impression on 给. .留下(某种)印象,引人注目 be made into.. . 由..做的(物理变化) . 取得进步

取笑,和..开玩笑,嘲笑 . 把..做成.. . .;使成为,使变成 由..做的(化学变化) . 维持生活 be made of.. .

make ..into.. . . be made from.. . make it

按时到达某处,办事成功;约定时间;及时赶上(火车,轮船等) make progress

make one’s living make out

看清楚,看出,辨识;理解,明白;开(账单,收据等)进展;假装,装出,把..说成是 . make room (for) make sense of make sure of make ... make up make up for 弥补 to one's own measure 让地方,让位置 理解 make sense 有道理,好懂,有清楚的意思 弄肯定,一定要做到;弄确切,弄清 一定要做.. . make sure that.. . make sure to do sth. 依照某人的尺寸做。。 。 创造,编造;弥补,把..补上;化妆,打扮 . be made up of 利用 有..组成(构成) . 把(某人)看作 打定主意,决定,决心 consider ... as

make up one’s mind to do sth. make use of 29.come come to do sth. 【解析】该结构意为: “逐渐.. .” like, understand, come to + 名词 come to + 名词 link-v. come + adj. 变得,变成 做出结论 realize, 来到(某地) 谈到,涉及到

后面跟不定式表示作某事的过程,所跟的动词常是: see,know.. . come to + 数词 come to 加起来,共计 恢复知觉;苏醒过来

come + p.p. come about 发生、产生,造成 结束 回想起 从..传下来 . 差一点就.. .

come to a conclusion come

across (偶然)遇到,找到,想到 vi. 跟上去;快点;进行 vi. 下降 开始生效 脱落

come to an end come back come down from

come alone come down come from

来自,是(某地的)人

come into being (existence)开始存在,建立,产生 come near (close) to doing sth.

come into effect (force) come of come off come out come come 30.refer to up vi.

出生于..家庭;由..造成的,是..的结果 . . . 从..离开, . 共计、达到 come on (upon) = come across 变为现实,实现 出来;出发、出版、出版;开花,发芽 come true 抬头、上来、上升,走过来,到来;提及,被提出;长出来 查阅 指..而言,指的是 . 适用于 提到,谈到 We refer to him as fellow.

vi. refer to The speaker often referred to his notes.

When I said some people were foolish, I wasn’t referring to you. This rule refers to everybody here. He referred to it once or twice. refer to ..as.. . . refer..to.. . . 31.trouble

把..称作.. . .(与 as 连用) 让..处理;归功于,归咎于 .

The doctor referred the patient to a specialist. trouble sb. 麻烦, 打扰

He refers his success to his hard-working. trouble sb. to do sth. trouble sb. + 时间

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淄博第四中学 sb. (not) trouble to do sth. 费事,烦心 fish in troubled water trouble … for sth. n. 浑水摸鱼 麻烦(某人)递给… 遇到麻烦, 出事 有困难, 费事 制造麻烦 省事,避免麻烦 (在…方面)下功夫 关小、调低 turn + 名词 转动,使转动 打开 turn out +adj. / adv. 翻动、耕翻 vi. 出现;发生 vt.查找;开火 一个挨一个地 prove that.. . prove sb. to be .. . prove sth. prove + adj. prove to be .. . 受(某种病痛)之苦 为…费事 为…烦心

be troubled with

trouble about (doing) sth. trouble one's heart about (be) in trouble get sb. into trouble

asking (looking) for trouble 自寻烦恼 get into trouble

有烦事,有困难 给人找麻烦;使人陷入困境 给某人制造麻烦 费事做某事 捣乱分子 转动,转身,拐弯;翻身 变得 变为 关掉(电灯,煤气) ; 结果是,最后情况是.. . 求助于;查阅;变成 轮流 轮

have trouble (in) doing sth. make trouble save (spare) trouble take trouble over sth. troublesome 32.turn

have trouble with sth. (应付…时)有困难 put sb. to trouble take trouble to do sth. troublemaker

伤脑筋的, 使人头痛的 sth. turn He turned traitor. turn into

turn down link-v. turn sth. turn off turn on turn out to be.. . turn over turn up in turn turn +adj.

关上(收音机,电灯,龙头) ;离开(公路) turn out turn out that.. . turn to by turns

take one’s turn to do sth

33.prove 证明 prove sth. prove sb. + 名词 link-v. 34.get rove sb. + adj.

证明是,后来事实证明是 变得

get sth. link.v. get to do

得到,收到;买;找 get + adj. 使..做.. . . get + p.p. 请别人做某事;使某事完成 逐渐.. .(常和 know ,realize, understand 等连用) get sth. + p.p.

get sb. to do sth. get sth. + adj. get about

get to do sth. = have to do sth. (消息)传开,传出去;四处走动 进展(顺利) ;情况(好) ;相处(好) (走)过去,通过,过下去 抓住,找到 和..联系 . 进入,陷入

vi. = get around

get along (well) with get away from get back get close to get down to sth. get in

get on (well) with

离开,走开;逃走,跑掉,躲开 get by 接近 开始认真干.. . 收庄稼 下来;去下来,吃下去;跪下来;写下来 get hold of get in touch with

回来;放回去;要回来;恢复 get down

get into the habit (hobby) of get off get married get on

养成..的习惯(爱好) get into .

下车;离开,动身,起飞;脱下来;下班;寄走 结婚 上车(船等)穿上;继续干 摆脱,除掉,处理掉 get out 出来;传出去;出版,拟出来 克服,摆脱;痊愈; 聚首,欢聚,碰头,聚会

get out of 从..得到,逃避,避免;改掉(习惯) . get rid of get through

get over

get together

做完,办完,看完;通过(考试) ;通过(议案) ;接通..的电话;度过(时间) . ;穿过 get to 到(某一时刻,某一年龄,某一地方) ; 开始(做某事) ;

8

淄博第四中学 起床,举办,组织;打扮,装饰,化妆;记熟 放,搁 使..做.. . . 收起来 放下,写下;镇压,取缔 put off + n. 穿上,戴上,上演,表演,装出 扑灭.使熄灭;出版;广播 put sth. +介词短语 put aside put back put ... in prison 使..处于某种状态 . 放下,放在一边 放回原处;推迟 把…投进监狱 推迟,延期 发福、 接通电话 忍受,容忍 废除,破除,取消,消除,干掉 做好事 帮忙做.. . 增加体重

get up 35.put put sth. put sb. to do sth. put away put down put off put on put out

ut off + doing sth. put on weight put though put up with

put sb. to the trouble of 麻烦某人(做…) put up 36.do do a good deed 做件好事 尽一切努力,尽力去做 帮一个忙

举起手来;延伸;搭建;张贴;挂上;住宿,过夜 do away with 对..想某种办法或采取某种行为 . do good 对..有好处(害处) . do sb. the favour to do sth. (that..) .

do about sth.

do everything (all) one can

do sb. good (harm) = do good (harm) to sb. do sb. a favour (kindness)

do one’s best = try one’s best do one’s bit (duty) do well do with

尽..最大的努力 . 收拾,整理,打扮;包,扎,系 处理,安排,多和 what 连用) 受不了,不能(多和 can’t 连用) 做坏事、犯罪

尽一份力(履行职责,做份内的事) do up do with do with

做得对,做得好 想要,需要(多和 can 连用) 创造奇迹

do something (nothing , anything, little, much) to do with do wonder = work wonder do sb. wrong = do wrong to sb.

与..有..关系 . .

do wrong / what … 适合 相一致,相符,和谐

委屈,冤枉某人,做对不起某人的事 同意某人意见

37.agree sb. agree with + sb. / sb.’s opinion sth. agree with sb. sth. agree with sth. agree on (upon) sth. agree with sb. on sth. agree to do sth. agree that….

就..取得一致的意见 . 在..方面同意或意见一致 . 愿意(同意)做.. . 同意..是事实或应当如何 .

注释:该词一般作为不及物动词用.表示“同意”时有三种表达法,with①后接“人” ②具体的观点和看法:opinion, plan, idea 等;③what 引导的从句. 作及物动词用时,① 38.fall agree to do sth. 愿意做.. . 开始干某事 落在后面 爱上某人 ②agree that …同意..是事实或应当如何 . 进入某种状态 跌倒,垮下来;失败 养成..习惯 .

sb. fall to (doing) sth. fall behind in sth. fall in love with sb. fall into the hands of fall into It fall to sb. to do sth. fall off

sb. fall + adj. / n. fall down fall into the habit of

落入..手中,由..掌握 . . 陷入..状态;分成几个部分 . 轮到某人做某事,应由某人做某事 跌落、下降 fall over 跌倒、倒 生长,成长,长大; 发展,增长 变得 grow + p.p. 种植,栽种

39.grow

vi. link-v. grow sth.

grow

grow + adj.

grow up bring up

vi. vt.

成长,长大

(从本身的角度说) 成年人, 大人

抚育,养大 (包含教育) grown-up

9


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