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新课标人教版高中英语必修一Unit2知识点与练习


新课标高中英语必修一知识点 Unit2 1. go to the pictures 去看电影(美) ; 2. 3. 4. 5. English around the world go to the movies 去看电影(英)

…list the countries that use English as an official language 列举把英语

用作官方语言的国家 the road to …通向……之路 at the end of 在……末端,在……尽头,by the end 最后(=finally) because of 因为…… (注意和 because 的区别)

Many beautiful fish are fast disappearing because of the severe pollution.因为污染严重, 许多美丽的鱼类正在面 临绝种。 argument was inevitable because they disliked each other so much.争论是不可避免的, An 因为他们彼 此非常厌恶。 6. native English speakers 以英语作为母语的人 7. even if (= even thoug)即使,用来引导一个让步状语从句,后面既可用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,但是 even if/even though,引导的从句中不用将来时。如: Even though/if it rains tomorrow, we will leave for Beijing. 8. come up 走上前来,走近;即将发生,出现;植物长出地面, 太阳升起; 被提及/讨论/抽中, 中奖 come up with 追/赶上,提/想出(答案等); 拿出(一笔钱等) We watched the sun come up. Her birthday is comeing up soon. She came up with a new idea. 9. Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. 事实上, 当不 同文化相互交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展、有所变化。 10. be different from… 与……不同 奏风格都各不相同。 As we know, Britain English is a little different from American English. 中所周知,英国英语和美国英语有点不 同。 11. be based on 以……为基础 The relationship between our two countries is based upon mutual respect. 两个国 家的关系以相互尊重为基础。This book is based on a true story that happened in the 1930s. 这本书以发生在 20 世纪三十年代的真实故事为基础。The reporter asked the writer who he based his character on. 记者问作家 他作品的人物是以谁为原型的。 12. at present 目前, 眼下 be present at 在席; 出席 present sth to sb / present sb with sth 把……推荐, 呈现…… for the present 眼前;暂时 present oneself 出席;到场 13. make (great/ good/better/full)use of We have a lot of work to do, so we have to make good use of time.我们有很多工作要做, 所以要好好利用时间。 14. The latter gave a separate identity to Amerian English speaking. 后者体现了美国英语的不同特色。 15. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. 比如说, 印度拥有众多讲英语流利的人,这是应为英国于 1765 到 1947 年统治过印度。(A small number of friends came to help him when he was in trouble) 16. such as 例如 for example In this paragraph there are many nouns, such as boy, girl, and book. 这一段里面有很多名词,例如男孩、女孩 和书本。 Many great men have risen from poverty---Lincoln, for example. 许多伟人从贫困中崛起,例如林肯。 be different in … 在……不同 Most of my projects will be wildly different in performance from one night to the next.我多数作品每天晚上的演

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You can take your research work for example. 你可以拿你的研究工作做个例子。 17. Today, the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. 目前在中学习英语的人数正在 迅速增长。 18. the largest number of 大多数的 China has the largest number of people.中国有着世界上最多的人。 19. It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as fluently as a native speaker. 中国人说英语很难像以 英语为母语的人说英语那么流利。 20. One reason is that English has a large vocabulary. 一个原因是英语有很大的词汇量。 21. different English speaking countries 不同的说英语的国家 22. sing sb a song = sing a song for sb 23.1) turn off & turn on turn off 表示“关掉(收音机,电灯,水龙头等)”,turn on 表示“打开(收音机,电灯,水龙头等)”。如: Turn off the light before you go out. 出去时请关灯。 Please turn on the radio (the music, the water). 请把收音机(音乐,自来水)打开。 2) turn down & turn up (1). turn down 表示“关小”(收音机等的音量),turn up 表示“开大”(收音机等的音量),是一组反义词。如: The TV is pretty loud. Can you turn it down a little? 电视机声音太大了,能关小一点吗?I can’t hear the radio very well; could you turn it up a bit? 收音机我听不太清楚,你把它开大一点行吗? (2) turn down 还可表示“拒不接受或采纳”。如: He asked her to marry him but she turned him down. 他叫她嫁给他,但她拒绝了他。 (3)turn up 还可表示“赴约”、“到达”、“出现”、“(被)找到”、“查阅”等。如: He turns up late for everything. 他干什么都迟到。 For some reason he didn’t turn up. 由于某种原因他没有来。 Turn up the dictionary if you can’t spell the word. 这个词如果不会拼,可以查字典。 24. hold on 坚持住,握住不放;(打电话时)不挂断,等—会 hold on to vt. 拉住(抓牢) 25. believe it or not 信不信由你 26. those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English 人们期望新闻播音员所说的英语是 最好的英语 27. … you will hear the difference in the way(that/ in which) people speak. 你会听出人们在说话时的差异。 28. play a role/ part (in) 在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色;参与 play an important role/ part 在…中起重要作用 Deng Xiaoping played an important part in developing the economy in China.邓小平在中国经济的发展过程中 起着重要作用。 29. 30. 31. 32. from one place to another 从一个地方到另一个地方 the same …as… 与……一样 … they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. ……他们仍然能够辨别、理解彼此的方言。 No problem.没问题

33. a nice fall day = a lovely autumn day 34. at the top of…在…顶上,在最高位, at the bottom of 在……底部 35. keep fit 保持健康
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You need exercise and keep fit.你需要运动和保持体形。 36. build up(逐渐)积聚/累; 聚集;集结;(逐步)建/确立(信誉);增进/强; 吹捧;宣扬 He has built up a good business over the years. 几年来他生意做得很兴旺。 bring up 教/抚养,养/教育;提出;呕吐 His grandmother and his father brought him up. 是他的祖母和父亲把他养大的。 37. When you learn English, try to have fun with the language. 当学英语的时候,努力找出语言的乐趣。 38. Visitors are requested not to take photos in the museum. 博物馆要求参观的旅客不得在馆内拍照。 39. by candle light 借助于烛光 40. be satisfied with…对……感到满意,满足于 Never be satisfied with just a little success. 不要有一点成绩就满足。 41. She suggested using CDs to listen to English songs and learn English expressions, watching the news and interviews on CCTV 9, and trying to listen to native speakers.她建议用 CD 来听英语歌曲和学习英语短语,看 新闻和中央电视台 9 套访谈,努力听以英语为母语的人说话。 It is suggested that ...有人提议... I suggest that ...我觉得[认为] I suggested you do what he says. 我建议你按照他说的去做。 I suggest you not go tomorrow. 我想你明天还是不要去了。 His pale face suggested that he was in bad health. 他苍白的脸色暗示了他身体不好。 42. at sea 在海上 当海员 迷惑, 茫然 by sea 乘船,经海路 by the sea 在海边, 在海岸边 in the sea 在海里 on the sea 在海上 She tried to understand the instructions, but she was completely at sea. 她费尽力气想看懂那些说明文字,却全然不知所云。 43. according to … 按照…… He lives according to her means 他按他的方式生活 beyond/over the sea 在海外

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