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高一英语:Unit2《English around the world》Learning about Language & Using Language(新人教版必修1)


Unit 2 Section Ⅲ Learning about Language & Using Language 精品课件 1(人教版必修1)

预习多维感知

Section III Unit 1

重点难点探究

速效提能演练

预习多维感知

>Ⅰ.Read the passage and tell the following statements true(T)or false(F). 1.Standard English is spoken in Britain.( ) 2.You will hear the same dialect on TV and the radio.( ) 3.The USA is a country having many different dialects.( ) 答案:1.F 2.F 3.T

Ⅱ.Read the passage and then choose the best answer according to the text. 1.From the text,we know that ________ is standard English. A.British English B.American English C.the English spoken in Australia D.no English 答案:D

2.People think the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English , because ________. A.people believe those who reported the news speak excellent English B.they speak the same English C.they speak it to all the people D.there are some dialects on TV and the radio 答案:A

3.How many dialects are mentioned(提到)in

the text?
A.Three. B.Two.

C.Four.
答案:C

D.Five.

4.Which of the following is NOT the reason for the dialects in America? A.People have come from all over the world. B.Some people live in the mountains. C . Geography plays a part in making dialects. D.The USA is a large country. 答案:B

重点难点探究

词汇精研 1 Can you find the following command and

request from Reading?

你能从“阅读”中找到下列命令和要求吗?
(1)command

品味经典 ①The students obeyed the teacher’s command to stop talking. 学生们听从了老师停止交谈的命令。 ②The police arrived and took command of the situation. 警察到达后就控制了局势。 ③For the first time in years,she felt in command of her life. 多少年来第一次,她觉得生活掌握在自己的手里。

④I’m at your command,what would you like me to do? 我听从你的吩咐,你要我做什么? ⑤The policeman commanded the thief to hand in what he had stolen. = The policeman commanded that the thief (should) hand in what he had stolen. 警察命令那个小偷交上他所偷的东西。 ⑥My father commanded me to study hard. 父亲命令我努力学习。

自我探究 command n.意为命令,指令,掌握;vt.意为命 令;指令,掌握,command后跟从句用虚拟语气, 其中的should可以省略。

归纳拓展 (1)give a command发布命令 in command of sth.指挥 at sb.’s command(由)某人指挥 have a good command of...精通,掌握 take command of控制 (2)command sb.to do sth.命令某人做某事 command that sb.(should)do sth.命令某人应该 做某事

牛刀小试 (1)(2011年荆州高一检测)With a good ________ of both Chinese and English,she had an advantage over others. A.program B.guidance C.command D.ability 解析:选C。句意为:由于精通汉语和英语,她比 其他人更有优势。program程序;guidance引导, 指导;command掌握;ability能力。

(2)The boss commanded that his men ________

their office before dark.
A.didn’t leave B.not leave

C.hadn’t left

D.wouldn’t leave

解析:选B。command后跟宾语从句时使用虚拟

语气,即should+do,should可省略,故选B项。

(2)request 品味经典 ①This is my last request.I’ll never ask you for anything again. 这是我最后的请求。我永远不会再向你要什么 了。 ②We should make a request for help. 我们应该请求援助。 ③He ignored the neighbour’s requests that he should make less noise. 他无视邻居要他别那样吵闹的要求。

④I requested an immediate answer. 我要求立即回答。 ⑤My request is that we(should)start out at once. 我的请求是我们应该马上出发。 ⑥All the teachers are requested to attend the meeting. 要求所有教师出席会议。

自我探究 request n. & vt.意为要求,请求,跟从句时、从 句的谓语动词都用“should+动词原形(should可 省略)”。

归纳拓展

牛刀小试 完成句子 (3)I requested that nobody ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(上课迟到)tomorrow. 答案:should be late for class (4)The president attended the meeting ________ ________(应我们的要求). 答案:by request

2 Geography also plays a part in making dialects. 地理位置在产生方言方面也起着一定的作用。 品味经典 ①Computers play an important part in modern society. 计算机在现代社会中起着重要作用。 ②Chen Baoguo will play a leading part in the play. 陈宝国将在那部戏里扮演主角。

自我探究 play a part in意为在……起作用或在……中扮 演角色。 在指具体的角色时,要用定冠词the,of后面跟 角色名称。 归纳拓展 play a role(in)在??中起作用;在??中扮演 角色 play the part/role of...扮演??的角色 take part in参加 ③She has played an important role in carrying out the whole plan. 她在整个计划的执行中起了重要作用。

牛刀小试 The role that our army ________ in flood control is very important. A.made B.acted C.played D.did 解析:选C。句意为:军队在抗洪方面发挥 着重要作用。句中that为关系代词,指代the role,引导定语从句。play the role in为固定 搭配,故选C项。

3 Although many Americans move a lot,they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects. 虽然许多美国人经常搬家,但是他们仍然能够 辨别和理解彼此的方言。

品味经典 ① The moment I answered the phone , I recognized his voice. 我一接电话,就听出了他的声音。 ②Lei Feng is recognized as/to be a good model of helping others. 雷锋被认为是帮助他人的典范。 ③He didn’t recognize that he had made a big mistake. 他不承认自己犯下了大错。

自我探究 recognize vt.意为认出,辨认出,承认。 归纳拓展
(1)recognize one’s voice 辨别出某人的声音

?be recognized as... 被承认为?? ? (2)?recognize sb.to be... 承认某人是?? ?recognize+that从句 承认?? ?

牛刀小试 Though they hadn’t met for many years, they ________ each other at first sight. A.realized B.recognized C.regretted D.knew 解析:选B。句意为:“虽然他们好多年没见 面,但第一眼还是认出了对方。”recognize意 为“辨认出”;realize意为“实现;意识到”; regret意为“后悔,遗憾”;know意为“知道, 认识”,故选B项。

4 Believe it or not,there is no such thing as

standard English.
信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。

品味经典 ①Believe it or not,we were left waiting in the rain for two hours. 信不信由你,我们在雨中一直等了两个小时。 ②Believe it or not,he passed the driving test yesterday. 信不信由你,昨天他通过了驾照考试。

自我探究 believe it or not意为信不信由你(我说的是真话 ),用作插入语。 归纳拓展 英语中常见的插入语有: to tell(you)the truth(跟你)说实话 to be honest老实说 ③To be honest,I don’t agree to your plan. 老实说,我不赞成你的计划。

牛刀小试 I’m surprised to hear from my school teacher again.________,it is ten years since we met last. A.In a word B.What’s more C.That’s to say D.Believe it or not 解析:选D。句意:又一次收到我学校老师的信 使我很吃惊。和下句:自从上次我们见面到现在 已经10年了,可知应用believe it or not(信不信由 你)。in a word总之,一句话;what’s more而 且;that’s to say也就是说,均不合题意。

句型巧析

5

Believe it or not,there is no such thing as

standard English. 信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。

品味经典 ①There are many such books in the library. 图书馆里有很多这样的书。 ②He said he didn’t have any time to make up some such excuses. 他说他没时间去编造诸如此类的借口。 ③There is no such person in our school. 我们学校里没有这样一个人。 ④There is no such thing as a free lunch. 世上没有免费午餐之类的好事儿。

自我探究 such用作形容词,意为“这样的,这类的,诸 如此类的”。与a/an连用时要放在a/an的前面; 与all,no,some,any,few,little,many, much,several,one等词连用时,应位于它们 的后面。

牛刀小试

As I know , there is ________car in this
neighborhood.

A.no such
C.not such

B.no a
D.no such a

解析:选A。no=not a/any,故B、D两项不对;
not为副词不能修饰名词,排除C项。

6

So people from the mountains in the

southeastern USA speak with almost the same
dialect as people in the northwestern USA.

因此,美国东南山区的人同美国西北部的人所说
的方言几乎相同。

品味经典 ①You must show my parents the same respect as you show me. 你必须像尊重我一样尊重我的父母。 ②Could you buy me the same book as you gave Tom yesterday? 你能给我买一本和你昨天给汤姆的那本一样的书 吗?

③I have the same trouble as you.(as作宾语,指 the same trouble,you后省略了have)我和你有同 样的烦恼。

④You look the same as your father.(as作表语,
the same表示“同样相貌的人”,省略了looks)你

和你父亲看起来一样。

自我探究
the same...as,意为“和??一样”,the same

修 饰 dialect , as 为 关 系 代 词 , 引 导 定 语 从 句
people in the northwestern USA,从句中省略 了谓语动词speak with。

归纳拓展 the same...as 表示同类的事物 the same...that 表示同一个事物 ⑤This is the same book as Mr.Li lost.(同类的书) 这本书和李先生丢的书一样。 ⑥This is the same book that Mr.Li lost.(同一本书 ) 这就是李先生丢的那本书。

牛刀小试 (1)Such a book ________ you showed me is difficult to understand. A.that B.which C.the one D.as 解析:选D。考查such...as结构。句意为:像你 给我看的这样的书是很难理解的。as引导定语 从句作show的宾语。

(2)I’d like to buy the same bike ________ you are riding. A.that B.which C.as D.like 解析:选C。考查the same...as结构。句意为:我 想买像你现在骑的一样的自行车。as在定语从句 中作ride的宾语。如果选A项与句意不符。

(3)There at the door stood a girl about the same height ________. A.as me B.as mine C.with mine D.with me 解析:选B。句意为:在门口站着一个女孩, 她的身高和我差不多。the same...as是固定搭 配,mine=my height。

译文助读

STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS What is standard English? Is it spoken in Britain, the US,Canada,Australia,India and New Zealand?Believe it or not,there is no such thing as standard English.Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English.This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.However,

on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. When people use words and expressions different from the “standard language”,it is called a dialect.American English has many dialects,especially the midwestern,southern, African American and Spanish dialects.Even in some parts of the USA , two people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently.American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.

Geography also plays a part in making dialects.Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect.When Americans moved from one place to another,they took their dialects with them.So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken.Although many Americans move a lot,they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.

标准英语和方言 什么是标准英语?是在英国、美国、加拿大、澳 大利亚、印度和新西兰所说的英语吗?信不信由 你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。许多人认为,电 视和收音机里所说的就是标准英语。这是因为在 早期的电台节目里,人们期望新闻播音员所说的 英语是最好的英语。然而,在电视和收音机里, 你也会听出人们在说话时的差异。 当人们使用不同于“标准语言”的词语 (expression)时,那就叫做方言(dialect)。美国英语 有许多方言,特别是中西部(midwestern)和南部地 区的方言,

以及黑人(African非洲的)和西班牙人(Spanish)的 方言。在美国有些地区,即使是相邻城镇的两个 人所说的语言都可能稍有不同。美国英语之所以 有这么多的方言是因为美国人来自世界各地的缘 故。 地理位置对方言的产生也有影响(play a part in扮 演一个角色;参与)。住在美国东部(eastern)山区 的一些人说着比较古老的英语方言。当美国人从 一个地方搬到另一个地方时,他们也就把他们的 方言随着带去了。

因此,美国东南部(southeastern)山区的人同美

国西北部的(northwestern)人所说的方言就几乎
相同。美国是一个使用多种方言的大国。虽然

许多美国人经常搬迁,但是他们仍然能够辨别
(recognize)、理解彼此的方言。


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