2012 届英语（外研版必修 1）
(120 分钟 150 分)
第Ⅰ卷（选择题） 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 21. —How did you find the long talk given by the headmaster
on Teachers’ Day? — ________ ．I’d rather he ________ it short． A．Very well；made C．Dull；made B．Boring；had made D．Exciting；had made
22. —Mr. Wang, I got zero on Answer Sheet One. Could you help me correct it? —No, it ________ be marked by the machine. Mark your test number with a pencil 2B next time. ［2010 天津模拟］ A. need B. can C. shall D. may
23. ________ the previous celebrations, the 2009 National Day celebration was more attractive and breathtaking. ［原创预测题］ A. Comparing C. Compared B. Comparing with D. Compared with
24. When he ________ at the railway station, he met an old friend, who ________ for a night. A. got off; put him up C. got away; saw him off B. got on; put up him D. got out; saw off him
25. Used to TV shows, many people do not have the ________ to read a book that requires thinking. A. courage C. patience B. wisdom D. freedom
26. He made ________ that all his friends thought he would be ________ success sooner or later. A. such a great progress; /
B. such great progress; a C. so great progress; / D. so great a progress; a 27. Though the man admitted ________ into the bank, he insisted that he ________ nothing to do with the bank explosion. A. breaking; should have C. to break; should have B. breaking; had D. to break; had
28. There is an obvious ________ between the cultures of the West and East. A. contract C. content B. contrast D. contact
29. The mooncake ________ sugar, sesame and so on tastes ________ . A. contains; good C. that contains; well B. containing; well D. containing; good
30. Before the Hope Project was carried out in this poor area, children here had no ________ to education. A. access B. approach C. way D. chance
31. The ________ time the Chinese people spend on line is 18 hours a week. A. ordinary B. common C. most D. average
32. —I always lose ________ when studying. —Maybe you should quit staring at all the cute boys. A. concentration C. conversation B. construction D. communication
33. We feel ________ reasonable to follow his advice. A. one 34. Whoever ________ a good solution to the problem will be praised and rewarded. A. comes up with C. keeps up with 35. —What’s the model plane look like? —Well, the wings of the plane are ________ of its body.
B. catches up with D. puts up with
A. more than the length twice B. twice more than the length C. more than twice the length D. more twice than the length 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） There was a young college student who played the piano in a bar every night. He 36 his home alone and found a 37 job to support himself. He was a good piano player，but work came out just to hear him 39 . But one
sometimes a bit stubborn. People 38
night， an old gentleman told him he didn’ t want to hear him play 40 want him to sing a song. The young man said, “Sorry，I don’t sing. ” . He told the waiter， “I’ m 42 listening to the piano;
But the customer was 41 I want that guy to sing. ” The waiter 43
across the room, “Hey buddy!
If you want to 44 , sing a song. The
45 are asking you to sing! ” So 46 . He sang a song unwillingly but 47 . A piano player who had never sung 48 did so for the very first time. And nobody had ever heard the song Mona Lisa. Mona Lisa was sung 49 by Nat King Cole! The song of Mona Lisa was soon well-received among American young generations. He had 50 he was sitting on（搁置不用）! He may have lived the rest of his life as
a 51 piano player in a no-name bar, but because he had to sing, and he showed his gift, he went on to become one of the best-known entertainers in America. You，too，have skills and abilities. You may not feel as if your “talent” is particularly great， but it may be better than you think! And 52 you keep practicing，most skills can be 53 talent you possess!
improved. Besides，you may as well have no ability at all if you sit on The better 54 is not “What ability whatever ability I have! ” 36. A. left 37. A. professional C. full-time 38. A. until B. since
do I have
55 is useful? ” It is rather “How will I use
C. made B. part-time D. weekend C. after
39. A. talk 40. and 41. A. delighted C. persistent 42. A. fond of C. busy in 43. A. shouted 44. A. get praised C. get paid 45. A. waiters C. visitors 46. A. did he 47. A. unluckily C. patiently 48. A. in public C. at home 49. A. that night C. at night 50. A. money C. talent 51. A. famous C. no-name 52. A. unless 53. A. whatever C. somehow 54. A. situation C. problem 55. A. what 第三部分 A. but
B. chat B. or
C. sing C. so
D. play D.
B. patient D. satisfied B. interested in D. tired of B. whispered C. blamed B. raise money D. make progress B. managers D. customers B. he did C. was him B. wonderfully D. hurriedly B. secretly D. sometimes B. every night D. tonight B. knowledge D. possession B. well-known D. non-stop B. even if C. so long as B. however D. whichever B. question D. possibility B. this C. that D. it D. as if D. he was D. spoke
阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
(A) It was an unforgettable field trip. 26 fifth-graders from George Bancroft Elementary School went to the White House on Friday. They used farming tools to help First Lady Michelle Obama break ground on a new fruit and vegetable garden, which is an L-shaped patch near the fountain on the South Lawn. Many crops will be planted there. Bancroft students are experienced gardeners. They already garden at school. Their work at the White House has just begun. On Friday, students prepared the soil by digging up grass and roots. Mrs Obama helped. “Are we done yet? ”she joked at one point. “I want to plant. Let’s harvest something. ”But Bancroft students know that gardening takes time. They will come back next month to plant seedlings. They’ll harvest the crops in June. Mrs Obama said that the purpose of the garden is to make sure that her family, White House staff and guests eat fresh fruits and vegetables. Mrs Obama has also said that she hopes the new White House garden will help educate Americans about the importance of fresh, nutritious food at a time when obesity(肥胖) is a national crisis. A diet high in natural, unprocessed foods can help people keep a healthy weight. Mrs Obama said she has found her daughters, Malia, 10, and Sasha, 7, like vegetables more if they taste good. “Especially if they took part in planting and picking it, they were much more curious about giving it a try, ”she said. When Bancroft students come back to the White House this summer they will get to taste the fruits and vegetables they helped to grow. After they harvest the crops they will cook and eat them in the White House kitchen. 56. What is the passage mainly about? A. Showing American First Lady how to sow the seeds. B. Helping American First Lady breaks soils. C. Working in the White House. D. Teaching President Obama’s daughters grow vegetables. 57. Which of the following is the purpose of the garden? A. To entertain children with working in the field. B. To educate children to love nature. C. To make Americans aware of the importance of fresh food.
D. To show American First Lady is friendly to ordinary people. 58. The underlined word “it” in the fourth paragraph probably refers to________ . A. vegetable B. planting and picking vegetables C. helping their mother working in the garden D. working in the White House kitchen 59. The 26 Bancroft students ________ . A. are middle school students B. are experienced in gardening C. will help harvest the crops in July D. will bring the crops back to their school 60. From the passage we can learn that ________ . A. the students will come to the White House several times B. the students are not skilled in gardening C. children in American love working in the field D. Obama’s two daughters attend at George Bancroft Elementary School 【解析】选 A。推理判断题。根据第二段的最后两句以及最后一段可知 A 项正确。 (B)
Sailing around the world is one of the most difficult adventures of all time. People must fight storms, pirates (海盗), illness and fear for months to survive the difficult environment at sea. However, 17-year-old Zac Sunderland recently became the youngest person in history to sail around the world alone. Zac grew up in Southern California, US. A year and a half ago, he had a dream to sail around the world. To make his dream come true, Zac used the money he
had earned from summer jobs and bought himself a sailboat. He named his boat Intrepid. His parents had hoped he would find something that would create a fire in him, a passion(激情) that would direct him away from all the bad things in society. But even they were surprised by his dream. On June 14, 2008, Zac left the port of Marina del Rey and headed west. He celebrated his 17th birthday on November 29 while off the Cape of Good Hope in Africa! It was on July 16, 2009 that the teenager finally returned back home to dry land at the end of his voyage. “It’s been a crazy 13 months and. . . yeah, it’s great to finally get back here, ”said Zac. Now he wants to write a book about his adventures. He hopes they will inspire young people to get motivated(上进的)about their lives. “Society puts younger people aged 15 through 18 in kind of a box. No one’s really expected to do much. You know, they just tend to go to high school and play football and that’s pretty much it, ”he said. “There’s so much more that people can do with the right motivation(动力) and the right ambition(雄心)in life so. . . my thing would just be to get out there and do hard things. Go for it. ” 61. Zac Sunderland made his dream come true ________ . A. by breaking a world record B. by dropping out of school C. by getting his parents’ support D. by working in the summer 62. How did Zac’s parents feel about his dream? A. Worried. C. Shocked. 63. Which shows the right order of what Zac did? a. He left the port of Marina del Rey. b. He bought a sailboat for himself. c. He arrived back home.
B. Happy. D. Angry.
d. He celebrated his 17th birthday. A. abcd B. badc C. cdba D. dbca
64. In Zac’s opinion, young people should try to ________ . A. work out what they are expected to do B. dream about something awesome and adventurous C. do more things with proper motivation and ambition D. live in a different way from their parents 65. In the last paragraph but one, what Zac said means ________ . A. the young people aged 15 through 18 enjoy their life freely B. the young people all like playing football C. it’s pretty good for young people to go to high school and play football D. the young people are limited in some ways by society （C） Overjoyed at having shaken hands with US President Barack Obama, Chen Xiao wrote a new MSN message line:“Hands won’t be washed for a few days. ” Chen and 500 other college students met Obama in Shanghai. Obama, who is the first US president to visit China in the first year of office, was friendly and approachable to the young people. As they pursued individual success, Obama urged Chinese college students to ask themselves the question: “Can I do it differently? ”He shared his own experience with the audience. In addition to “constantly trying to improve and to think in new ways”, he said that students should think not only of themselves but of something larger. He said: “I think so many of us, we get caught up with wanting to make money for ourselves and have a nice car and have a nice house and—all those things are important, but the people who really make their mark on the world is because they have a bigger ambition. ” “They say, how can I feed hungry people? Or, how can I help teach children who don’ t have an education? Or, how can I bring about peaceful resolution （解决方案） of conflicts? Those are the people I think who end up making such a big difference in the world. ” During his talk, Obama said that “young people are the best ambassador”. To foster（增强） understanding between the younger generations of China and the US, the President said his
country would further expand its youth exchanges with China. According to the joint（联合的） statement in the next four years over 100, 000 American students will come to China to study. More Chinese students will be encouraged to study in the US, too. This may suggest to Chinese students that it will become easier to study in the US. “The US visa application and scholarship policies are tight. I hope I’ll benefit from the Obama administration’s move, ”said Xu Wanjing, 15, from Shanghai Shangnan High School, who is working hard for the SATs(美国高考）. 66. Who does Obama think are the people ending up making great difference in the world? A. Those who are always thinking much of themselves. B. Those who have greater and bigger ambitions. C. Those who want to teach children. D. Those who make money to enjoy life. 67. Obama plans to strengthen understanding between the younger generations of China and the US. His plans cover the following EXCEPT that ________ . A. more than 100, 000 American students will study in China in the next four years B. more Chinese students can study in the US C. US will expand its youth exchanges with China D. SATs will be easier for Chinese students 68. According to the passage, we know that ________ . A. Obama is the first US president to visit China B. Chen Xiao was too excited to wash herself after shaking hands with Obama C. Obama encouraged Chinese college students to think in new ways D. Chen Xiao and 500 other college students all shook hands with Obama 69. We can infer from the passage ________ . A. Obama is friendly to all the people in the world B. Obama thinks all people are pursuing materials C. it will be less difficult for Chinese students to study in America D. it will become easy for a Chinese student to apply for the US visa 70. The underlined word “tight” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to ________ . A. easy B. strict C. serious
（D） Many people think it would be a very enjoyable thing to go to high school in America. But if they knew what an AP（Advanced Placement, 大学预科课程）week was like, they might change their minds. The AP courses are college courses, but are offered at high schools to allow capable（有 能力的）students to get college credits（学分）. This year, I took AP Chemistry, AP Biology and AP Calculus （微积分） . English is an optional （可选的） AP, but I decided to take the exam anyway. I also took AP Statistics and AP Physics exams. This was actually a pretty tough schedule. Students taking AP exams panicked during the AP week. I went to chemistry extra help every day to do extra problems in order to get bonus points （加分） that could be counted as final grades. The calculus students did one practice test each day, an excellent idea that really prepared us for the exam. Biology students had a 10-minute-quiz at the beginning of each class,
and in order not to fail it, each person needed to do a lot of reviewing because there were so many things to memorize. I also had to squeeze（挤进） in time to read Barron’ s Statistics and Physics and had to accept the consequences when I failed the practice tests at the back of the book. I got just five hours of sleep a night before the AP exams. My friends and I talked about the APs all the time—in the dining hall, on our way to our classrooms or on our way to the dorm. The floor of my room was covered with AP materials. The two weeks went by quickly but also slowly. The effort that students put into the APs was no less than the effort people back home put into the college entrance examinations. Every student had to prepare very hard, all year for the final exams. However, even though they were hard times, I miss them for all the excitement and the feeling for life that they gave me. 71. The point of the article is to ________ . A. encourage students to go to America to attend high school B. advise students on how to prepare for AP exams C. share experiences of American AP exams D. introduce Advanced Placement courses 72. Which of the following AP courses isn’t required? A. AP Statistic. B. AP English.
C. AP Physics. 73. What can we infer from the article?
D. AP Calculus.
A. Only college students can attend AP courses. B. The author passed all the practice tests. C. The AP courses caused the author only pain. D. The author was worried during the AP week. 74. We can tell that the author ________ . A. enjoys challenging herself B. takes pleasure in competition C. is deeply aware of pressure from other students D. took on too many AP courses than she could handle 75. The last sentence in the last paragraph but one shows ________ . A. the author’s room is too small B. the author hasn’t time to clear up her room C. the author has bought a lot of learning materials in order to pass the AP courses D. the AP materials are not good enough 第Ⅱ卷（非选择题） 第四部分 第一节 书面表达（共两节，满分 45 分） 阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面的短文，并根据短文后的要求答题（请注意问题后的词数要求） 。 Beach. Samba. CarnivalIt seems that Brazilians are always ready to party. Well, they’ve got a good reason to party now: Rio de Janeiro (or Rio for short), their second largest city, got the 2016 Olympics on October 2th. This is the first time in the 120-year history of the modern Olympics that they will be held in South America. It seems the five Olympic rings make more sense now that they’ve included another continent. And, just as Beijing got the world’s attention after receiving the 2008 Olympic nod (同意) in 2001, Rio de Janeiro’s win has put the spotlight on Brazil. Football The colors green and yellow might make most people think of Brazil’s football team
rather than the national flag. But football in Brazil is more than sport, it’s a way of life. The World Cup brings Brazilians together. Interestingly, the general elections in Brazil are usually
held in the same year as the World Cup. Political parties try to take advantage of the patriotic enthusiasm (爱国热情) created by football and ________ . Carnival “Live Your Passion (激情)” was the Rio team’s slogan. The carnival is one of the
most powerful images of Brazilian enthusiasm. It’s held every year across the country, with street parades and exciting music. The parade in Rio is one of the world’s biggest carnivals. Every February, tens of thousands of people go there for the event. The economy The Rio bid (申办) team set up a $14. 4 billion (98 billion yuan) budget for
the games—the largest of this year’s bidding cities. What stands behind the big budget is Brazil’ s stronger economy. Brazil’ s is the largest national economy in Latin America, and has experienced a giant leap in the past few years. 76. What’s the best title of this passage? (no more than 8 words) Rio won the 2016 Olympics bid 77. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one？ It is possible that most people won’t think of the national flag, but Brazil’s football team on seeing the colors green and yellow. The colors green and yellow might make most people think of Brazil’s football team rather than the national flag. 78. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper words. （no more than 5 words） bring it into politics/ use it in politics/ use it in their elections 79. What did Brazil depend on to get the 2016 Olympics? (no more than 8 words) Beach, samba, carnival, football and the economy. 80. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 into Chinese. 正如 2001 年北京取得 2008 年奥运会举办权之后得到世界关注一样， 里约热内卢的胜利也使 巴西成为众人瞩目的焦点。 第二节 写作（满分 30 分） 假设你是李华，你在报上看到北京华夏大学将于 2012 年 7 月 6 日举办一场为期一 周的“中国语言文化夏令营”活动。你的美国朋友 Mike 计划来中国旅行并了解中国文化， 请你发一封电子邮件介绍夏令营活动并建议他参加。词数 120~150。
参考词汇：2012 中国语言文化夏令营 2012 Chinese Language and Culture Summer Camp _______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________ 【参考答案】 Dear Mike, You mentioned in your last email that you wanted to come to China to learn about Chinese culture. I’d like to tell you about a camp called “2012 Chinese Language and Culture Summer Camp”. The camp is organized by Beijing Huaxia University from July 6th to 12th. In the camp they will teach some simple everyday Chinese and how to write Chinese characters. They will also introduce Beijing Opera, Chinese folk music, as well as Chinese painting. Most interesting of all is that you will have a chance to learn to try Chinese cooking. Sight-seeing tours include the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace and the Great Wall. If you have any questions, please let me know. Best wishes. Li Hua
copyright ©right 2010-2020。