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定语从句在高考英语中的妙用(公开课)


定语从句复习
What is the Attributive clause?
一、概念: 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的句子. ? (在句子中作定语)
这种从句由关系代词或关系副词引导, 并作句子成分。

定语从句
先行词
She is the girl_______lives next door. who 关系词

Attributive clause

注意事项: 1.从句的位置: 先行词 之后 2.翻译方法: “….的”

关 系 词

关系代词

who whom that —— which whose

关系副词
注意事项:

when where why

关系词的主要作用:替代先行词和 在从句中充当成分

定语从句的位置:通常在先行词(在主句中)后。 定 语 从 句 的 引 导 词
词关 系 代 指人 指物 who(主语、宾语),whom(宾语), that(主语、宾语), whose(定语)

that(主语、宾语),which(主语、宾语) whose(定语)

关 系 副 词

where (地点状语) when (时间状语)

why (原因状语)

1. who, whom, whose, that 用法区别.
① who 作定语从句的主语或宾语. The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker.
The man is a worker. 分解 The man is speaking at the meeting. 作主语

② whom 作定语从句的宾语 (可省略) The woman whom they wanted to visit is a teacher.
分解 The woman is a teacher. They wanted to visit the woman.

作宾语

④ whose 作定语从句的定语
(whose既可以指人,也可以指物).

I know the girl whose mother is a teacher.

分解

I know the girl.

作定语

The girl’s mother is a teacher.

I have a book whose cover is yellow.

先行词和关系词的关系 Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine the machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine that /which can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl we saw her yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl

we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. The girl that / who we saw yesterday is Mary.

(三)关系副词与介词+关系代词的替代

When=on(in,during…)which 关系副词 where=on(in,in front of…)which

Why=for which

when

? when可用in/on/at/during +which 代替

1.I still remember the day. 2.I first met him on the day. which
I still remember the day on which when I first met him.
20

1.America is the country. 2.I was born in which. the country.

America is the country in which I was born where

where Beijing is the city in which I was born.
21

why

? why可用for +which 代替

1.This is the reason. which . 2.I was late for school for this reason
This is the reason for which I was why late for school.

22

关系代词和关系副词的区别
关系代词在定语从句中作主语、宾语

关系副词在定语从句中作状语

23

如何选用定语从句的关系词
? 1.首先分清主句和定语从句 ? 2.确定定语从句的先行词 ? 3.把先行词带回到定语从句中去,看其在定 语从句中做什么语法成分(主语,宾语, 定语或状语) ? 4.若先行词在从句中做主语、宾语或定语则 选择关系代词,若在从句中做状语,则选 择关系副词。

Practice of the Attributive clause

1.A plane is a machine ___________can which/that fly . who/that walking on the playground is 2.The man_________is my old friend.

whose 5. I saw a woman _______bag was stolen.
6. The reason why ______he was late was that he got

up late.
7. I still remember the day when _______I first came to HK.

几种易混的情况
1.I’ll never forget the days______________ when /in which we worked together. 2.I’ll never forget the days ________ which we spent together.
及物动词

3.I went to the place where/ in which ago.

I worked ten years

4.I went to the place _____________ I visited ten years ago. which
及物动词

why/ for which 5.This is the reason _____________________ he was late. that/which 6.This is the reason _____________________ he gave.
及物动词

切记!!!
归纳:关系副词when指时间,关系副词where 指地点,关系副词why指原因,在定语从句 中作状语。即使先行词是时间地点,若作从 句中的主语或宾语,只能用关系代词that, which. 总结:关系代词和关系副词的判定最终取决 于它们在从句中的成分。

一. 合并句子
1. The boy is four years old. The boy goes to school every day. The boy who goes to school every day is four years old. ____________________________________ 2.He works in the library. Many people borrow books from the library. He works in the library where many people borrow books. _____________________________________

3.This is the computer. My uncle sent me the computer last year. This is the computer which/ that my uncle sent me last year. _____________________________________

二.语法填空
1.(2016 青岛联考) Write letters to newspapers and which/ give advice on many subjects. magazines_______ that

2. 【2015· 陕西】15. As the smallest child of his family, Alex is always longing for the time when he should be able to be independent.
whose 3【2016· 四川】3.The books on the desk, covers are shiny, are prizes for us.

三.单句改错
3. (优化方案 unit 4)After visiting China, most of the foreign friends said they would never forget the time when they had spend in China. which/that 2. (2016 福建高三检测)Could you recommend a hotel where is in the centre of the town? which/that 3. (2016江苏)Some pictures taken by satellites show us the exact place which different metals can be found. where

四.翻译下列句子
1.不努力学习的学生不会通过考试的。 The students who don’t study hard will not pass the exam. 2.她上周买的房子非常好看。 The house which she bought last week is very nice .


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