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Unit 9 Wheels Period Two Lesson 2 and Lesson 3 课件(北师大版必修3,广东专用)


Unit 9 Wheels Period Two Lesson 2 and
Lesson 3 课件(北师大版必修3,广东专用)

Ⅰ.单词识记 baggage/luggage 1. ______________n.行李

2.sensitive ______________adj.敏感的
gentle 3.______________ adj.温和的 fierce 4. ______________ adj.残忍的; 凶猛的 interpreter 5.______________ n.译员 6.responsibility ______________n.责任; 负责
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7.______________ n.内容 content
hostess 8.______________ n.女主人 9.______________ n.词汇 vocabulary impression 10.______________ n.印象 reliable 11.______________ adj.可靠的 operator 12.______________ n.操作人员 appreciate 13.______________ v.欣赏;鉴赏 14.______________ adj.太阳的 solar petrol/gas 15.______________ n.汽油

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Ⅱ.短语天地 on one's own 1.独自的,独立的________________
2.登记,入住________________ check in focus on 3.聚焦于________________ listen for 4.留神等着听________________ go through 5.经历;穿过________________ (火车、汽车等)停止,停车 6.pull up____________________________ (火车)离站 7.pull out________________ 8.take off________________ 取下,脱下;起飞

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返程票 9.return tickets________________ 在交通灯处 10.at the traffic lights________________ 处于活跃状态,在活动,在运动 11.on the move________________________________

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Ⅲ.预读理解
1.A solar car only uses________energy for power. A.petrol B.the sun's C.diesel

2.The advantages of solar cars are________.
A.that they are clean and safe B.that they move faster C.that they are pretty

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3.Marie has designed________different cars and taken part
in________races. A.5 or 6;6 B.6;2 C.2;6

4.Why does Marie write the book about solar cars?
A.She wants to advertise the cars. B.She wants to be famous for her book. C.She wants people to realize the potential of solar cars.

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5.Why don't people want solar cars according to the passage?
A.They think them expensive. B.They think they are too slow and unreliable. C.They think they pollute the air too heavily. 答案 1.B 2.A 3.A 4.C 5.B

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Ⅳ.句型搜索
1.Well,so far I've only written the first few chapters! [信息提取] [例句仿写] so far 句子要用现在完成时。 到目前为止,我已经去过上海三次了。

I have been to So far ____________________Shanghai three times.

2.People have been worried about pollution caused by fuels
like petrol and gas for a long time now. [信息提取] [例句仿写] caused过去分词作定语。 我爱吃妈妈做的饭。

cooked by my mother I like meals ________________________.

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3.How can you persuade them of the advantages of solar cars?
[信息提取] [例句仿写] persuade sb of sth使某人相信某事 我如何能让你相信我的诚实?

persuade you of my honesty How can I________________________________ ?

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1.sensitive adj.敏感的;能理解的 My teeth are really sensitive to hot and cold. 我的牙齿对冷热非常敏感。

Nurses have to be sensitive to patients' needs.
护士必须善于体察病人的需要。 He is very sensitive about being small,so don't mention it. 他对自己个子小很敏感,因此不要提及这一点。

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【拓展】
be sensitive to sth对??敏感;能理解的 be sensitive about感情易受伤害的 【感悟高考】 Compared with his sister,Jerry is even more________to,and

more easily troubled by,emotional and relationship problems.
(2009·江苏) A.skeptical C.available B.addicted D.sensitive

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解析

考查形容词词义辨析。be sensitive to对??敏感。Jerry

is even more________to emotional and relationship problems, 与more easily troubled by 并列。 答案 D

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2.gentle adj.和善的,温和的

【搭配】
be gentle with sb对某人友善,温和

She's gentle with animals.她对待动物很和善。
She was the gentlest of nurses.她是个极其和蔼的护士。 She agreed to come,after a little gentle persuasion. 经过一阵细心劝说,她表示愿意来。 【拓展】 gently adv.和善地,温和地,温柔地,文雅地

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【辨析】 gentle/soft
gentle/soft都可以用来形容人“温和的”。 (1)gentle 侧重对他人的体贴和安慰,常含有出身好、有修养, 使人感觉愉快舒适之义。 (2)soft则指天生说话较低柔或怕人听见而压低声音。

She is gentle in touch,manner and voice.
她在气质、态度、语调方面都很温柔。 She spoke in soft voice.她说话声音柔和。

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【单项填空】
B Please be________with animals;they are also our friends. A.rough C.mild B.gentle D.soft

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3.likely adj.可能的
He is not likely to come.他不见得会来。 It's likely that they will agree to our plan. 他们有可能同意我们的计划。 【拓展】

be likely to do可能做??
It's likely that...??有可能??

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(1)likely 的 比 较 级 和 最 高 级 为 more likely , most likely 或
likelier,likeliest;反义词是unlikely。 What is the likeliest time to find him in his office? 什么时候最可能在他办公室里找到他? (2)likely也可当副词,常与very或most连用。

He will most/very likely come right away.
他大概马上就会来的。

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【辨析】 probable/possible/likely
(1)probable表示主观上有几分根据的推测,十有八九的可能, 因而常译为“很可能的,大概的”。 (2)possible表示客观上潜在的可能性,十有二、三的可能。 (3)likely 比 probable 的可能性要小,比 possible 要大,十有五、

六、七的可能。
Success is possible,but hardly probable. 成功是有可能的,但把握性不大。 It is possible for us to finish the task ahead of schedule. 我们有可能提前完成任务。

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It is likely/possible that he will be here in time.
他可能会及时来这儿。 He is likely to be stuck in the traffic. 他有可能遇上了堵车。 注意: possible 与 probable 一般只用于 It is...that... 的结构。而

likely可用于It is likely that...,也可用于sb is likely to do的结
构。

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【感悟高考】
A Studies show that people are more________to suffer from back problems if they always sit before computer screens for long hours. A.likely B.possible (2010·陕西)

C.probable
解析

D.Sure

考查形容词词义辨析。所填词做表语,主语是人,由

more来修饰,意思是:可能,选A。其中四个选项中possible和 probable 也都 “ 可能的 ” 之意,但他们做表语时主语只能是 物,sure在此处意思不恰当。

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4.responsibility n.责任,职责;义务
(1)responsibility常用作不可数名词,意为“责任,职责,义 务”;和介词for/to等连用。 I will take the responsibility for/to doing it. 我会负责做那件事。

I did it on my own responsibility.
我自作主张地做了这件事(不是受命而是自己独断地做)。

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【搭配】
a sense of responsibility责任感 take (the) responsibility for...对??负责 It's one's responsibility to do sth做??是某人的责任 (2)responsibility 也用作可数名词,指 “ ( 具体的 ) 责任,负担,

重任,重担子”。
Keeping house is my responsibility. 管家是我的责任。

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【拓展】
responsible adj.有责任的,应负责的 Parents are responsible for their children's safety. 父母应对子女的安全负责。 【单项填空】

Who's responsible________the terrible mess? A
A.for C.in 解析 B.to D.On 句 意 : 谁 应 该 对 这 种 混 乱 负 责 ? 考 查 固 定 搭 配 : be

responsible for sth对??负责。

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5.content

(1)adj.满足的,满意的
She is content with very little. 她很容易满足。 (2)v.使??满足 We should never content ourselves with book knowledge

only.
我们决不可满足于仅有的书本知识。

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(3)n.满意,满足;内容;含量;目录
I always read the contents of a book first. 我总是先读书的目录。 He seems to live in peace and content. 他好像生活得平静而满足。

【拓展】
be content with对??满意 be content to do sth愿意做某事 content oneself with满足于 to one's heart's content心满意足地,尽情地

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【单项填空】 A Young people are not________to stand and look at works of art
they can participate in. A.content C.confident B.complete D.complex

解析

句意:年轻人不满足于站在那里观看他们可以参加的活

动。 content 满足于; complete 完整的; confident 自信的; complex 复杂的。

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6.challenge
(1)n.①挑战;挑战书;邀请比赛 He accepted his friend's challenge to swim across the river. 他接受了朋友们的挑战,比赛游过河去。 ②艰巨的任务;难题;饶有兴趣的事

She likes her job to be a challenge.
她愿意自己的工作担子更重些。 Reducing the gap between rich and poor is one of the main challenges facing the government. 政府面临的主要问题之一就是缩小贫富之间的差距。

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③质问,质疑
It's a challenge to the Prime Minister's authority. 这是对首相的权威提出的严正质疑。

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(2)v.①向??挑战;邀请比赛
I challenged him to a game of tennis. 我邀他比赛网球。 ②质问,质疑 She challenged the justice of the new law.

她对新法律提出异议,认为它不公正。
③证实??的能力,激励 The job doesn't really challenge him. 这工作的确显示不出他的能力。

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【拓展】
challenger n.挑战者 challenging adj.有挑战性的

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【单项填空】
C (1)The difficulty of the problem________me to find a solution. A.caused C.challenged B.made D.had

C (2)Finding information in today's world is easy.The________is

how you can tell if the information you get is useful or not.
A.ability C.challenge B.competition D.knowledge

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7.impression n.印象,感觉;影响
His speech made a lasting impression on me. 他的演讲给我留下了不可磨灭的印象。 What I said made no impression on him. 我的话对他没起作用。

I have a false impression of her.
我对她有不正确的看法。 I have the impression that he doesn't smoke. 我记得他不抽烟。

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【搭配】 make/leave a good/bad/lasting impression on sb 给某人留下好的/坏的/永久的印象 make no impression on sb对??没有影响(作用)
? ?have ? ? ?have

a...impression of sb/sth 对??有??印象 the impression that...

【拓展】

impress vt.给??极深的印象
impress sb with sth给某人留下??的印象 What impressed me most is that all the people there are so friendly.给我印象最深的是那里的人都那么友好。
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【单项填空】
She ________me with her belief never to give up. A A.impressed C.focused 解析 B.appreciated D.challenged

句意:她永不放弃的信念给我留下了极深的印象。

impress 给 ?? 印 象 极 深 ; appreciate 欣 赏 ; focus 专 注 ;
challenge 挑战。

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8.reliable adj.可靠的;可信赖的;确实的
We are looking for someone who is reliable and hardworking.我们在物色可靠而勤奋的人。 My car isn't as reliable as it used to be. 我的车不像过去那样靠得住。

【拓展】
reliable也作“真实可信的”讲。 Our information comes from a reliable source. 我们的消息来源可靠。

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【单项填空】
I have it on________evidence that the hospital is going to be D closed down. A.dependent C.durable B.solid D.reliable

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9.appreciate vt.欣赏,鉴赏;感激
I very much appreciate your talent for organisation. 我很赏识你的组织才能。 We greatly appreciate your timely help. 我们非常感谢你们的及时帮助。

I would appreciate your calling back this afternoon.
你今天下午回电话我将非常感激。

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【拓展】
(1)appreciate 之后只接名词或动名词,不接不定式或从句,如 果其后有从句时,需加 it 作形式宾语,然后再接真正的宾语从 句。类似的动词还有like,dislike,hate。 I would appreciate it if you don't interrupt me when you are

drunk.如果你喝醉了不打扰我,我将很感激。
I like it when the weather is fine.我喜欢天气晴朗的时候。 (2)appreciation n.欣赏;感激,感谢

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【单项填空】 B (1)Chinese arts have won the________of a lot of people outside
China. A.enjoyment C.entertainment B.appreciation D.reputation

B (2)I'd appreciate________if you would like to teach me how to use the computer. A.that C.this B.it D.you

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1.on one's own单独,独自;没有帮助地;靠自己;常作副词

用,置于句末
I'm all on my own today.今天只有我一个人。 He can be left to work on his own.可以让他独立工作了。 Although her father is in the firm,she got the job on her own. 尽管她父亲在这家公司上班,她还是靠自己的努力得

到了这份工作。

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【拓展】
(1)of one's own属于个人的,自己的。置于名词之后,作后置定 语。 Children need toys of their own. 孩子们需要有自己的玩具。

(2)on one's own account为自己。
I was worried on my own account,not yours. 我担心是为我自己,而不是为你。

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【单项填空】
If you want a new car________your own,you must try to earn enough money________your own. A.on;of C.of;on B.for;on D.of;by

答案

C

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2.focus on焦点对准,把(精力、光、目光等)对准??,聚集
于;亦可用focus...on We must focus our attention on urgent problems. 我们必须把注意力集中在紧急的问题上。 【拓展】

(1)fix one's eyes/attention on
把目光/注意力集中在??上,盯着 You must fix your attention on your lessons in class. 上课时必须把注意力集中在功课上。

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(2)fix...on指把注意力、目光、心思放在??上;也指目不转睛
地看。而 focus on强调 “ 聚焦于 ” ,指问题、谈话、注意力的 焦点,也指照像机把焦点集中在??上。

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【单项填空】
B All her energies are ________upon her children and she seems to have little time for anything else. A.guided C.directed B.focused D.aimed

解析

句意:她所有的精力都集中在她的孩子身上,好像没时

间干其他的事情。 guide 指导;focus 集中;direct 指挥;aim 目标。

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3.rely on/upon依赖,依靠,指望
I think I can come,but don't rely on it. 我想我能来,但还说不定。 Don't rely on going to India. 不要对去印度抱太大希望。

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【拓展】
rely on/upon sb/sth依赖某人或某物 rely on sb doing/to do相信/指望某人做?? rely on+n./doing depend on依靠,依赖

You can't depend on your parents to keep giving you money.
你不能老依靠父母给你钱。 It/That all depends.视情况而定。

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【单项填空】
Whether an operation should be performed in this D case________very much on the patient's general condition. A.relies C.concentrates B.counts D.depends

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4 . check in 办理登记手续 ( 到达旅馆、搭乘飞机时 ) ; ( 打卡 ) 上
班;存取 Passengers should check in for flight BA 125 to Berlin. 去柏林的英航125航班的旅客应该办理登机手续。 Is there a place we can check in our coats?

有我们暂存大衣的地方吗?
【拓展】 check out(of sp)付清账而离开,结账退房 check up on仔细检查 checking account活期存款

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【单项填空】
B A guest________out of our Polynesian Village resort( 度假胜 地)at Walt Disney was asked how she enjoyed her visit. A.working C.trying B.checking D.staying

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5.pull up使(车)停止;停车
The driver pulled up at the traffic lights. 司机看到交通红绿灯把车停了下来。 【拓展】 (1)pull into sth(指火车)进站

The train pulled into the station right on time.
火车准点进站。 (2)pull out(of sth)(指火车)离开车站,驶离 I arrived as the last train was pulling out. 正当最后一列火车驶离车站时,我赶到了。

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(3)pull over(将车、船)开向一边让其他车、船超越
Pull your car over and let me pass! 把你的车子往边靠靠,让我过去。

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【单项填空】
(1)The bus that________outside the inn would soon take the B visitors downtown. A.held up C.got down B.pulled up D.set forth

(2)The robber asked the taxi driver not to________ ,but the D
driver didn't do what he was asked to do. A.pull back C.pull down B.pull in D.pull up

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6.so far到此时;迄今
就范围或程度来说, so far通常与现在完成时搭配;有时也 与一般现在时搭配,表示目前的状况。 Now that we have come so far,we'd better go all the way.我 们既然已来到此地,最好还是走完全程的好。

Everything is in order so far.迄今为止一切正常。

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【拓展】
by far ??得多;最??(常修饰比较级、最高级) far from远离;远远不 He is by far the tallest in our class.他是我们班上最高的。 He is taller by far.他高得多。

Your work is far from being satisfactory.
你的工作一点也不令人满意。

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【单项填空】
My brother is an actor.He________in several films so far. C A.appears C.has appeared B.appeared D.is appearing

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7.take part in参与,参加
He took part in the sports meeting. 他参加了运动会。 When will you take part in the party? 你何时去参加宴会?

【辨析】 take part in/join/join in/attend
(1)take part in表示参加某种活动,并在活动中起积极的作 用,也可表示参加会议。当part前有修饰词时,要用不定冠 词。有时可与attend互换。

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Lincoln took an active part in politics and was strongly against
slavery. 林肯积极参加政治活动,强烈反对奴隶制度。 (2)join sth指加入某组织或团体,成为其中的一员,如参军,入 党,入团等。

He joined the army during the Second World War.
他是在二次世界大战期间参军的。 (3)join in sth指参加比赛或具体活动,也可说join sb in sth指加 入到他人的行动,一道从事某活动。 Will you join us in the game? 你愿意参加我们的游戏吗?
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(4)attend指参加会议,仪式,婚礼,葬礼,上课,上学或听报
告等,强调的是发生这一动作的本身,而不强调参加者在这一 活动中起的作用。 I'll attend an important meeting tomorrow. 明天我要出席一个重要会议。

They had a quiet wedding—only a few people attended it.
他们的婚礼没有声张,只有几个人参加。

课前自主学习

课堂互动探究

【单项填空】
A (1)She didn't________the office yesterday. A.attend C.join B.join in D.take part in

(2)When did you________the Party? C
A.take part in B.participate in C.join D.join in

课前自主学习

课堂互动探究

8.take place发生,举行(相当于不及物动词,没有被动语态;
指事先计划好或预想到的事情的发生) When does the ceremony take place?典礼什么时候举行? Great changes have taken place in China in the past 10 years.在过去十年里,中国发生了巨大的变化。

【拓展】
(1)take one's place/take the place of代替 She couldn't attend the meeting so her assistant took her place.她不能出席会议,因此她的助手代替了她。 Nothing could take the place of the family he had lost. 什么也替代不了他失去的家庭。
课前自主学习 课堂互动探究

(2)take one's place还有“坐下,就座”之意。
When everyone took his place,the meeting began. 当每个人都坐下之后,会议开始了。 (3)in place在通常的位置,在适当的位置 She likes everything to be in place before she starts work.

她喜欢把一切安排在适当的位置,然后再开始工作。
(4)out of place不在通常的位置,不在适当的位置 Her criticisms were quite out of place. 她的批评很不适当。

课前自主学习

课堂互动探究

【单项填空】
C The meeting will ________soon. A.take up C.take place 解析 B.take off D.take down

句意:会议即将举行。 take up 占据,从事。take off 起

飞;脱掉;take place发生;take down 记下,写下。

课前自主学习

课堂互动探究

1 . ( 课 文 重 现 )Well , so far I've only written the first few chapters! 哦,目前我刚写完前几章。

【句式分析】
本句为简单句。so far意为“迄今为止,到目前为止”,so far as 意为“据??,达到??的程度”,相当于 as far as。例如: She is not married so/as far as I know.

据我所知,她至今单身。
So far the work has been easy but things may change. 到目前为止,这工作很容易,但情况可能有变化。
课前自主学习 课堂互动探究

【单项填空】
A He's done his best,but so far he________to break the record. A.has failed C.had failed 解析 B.failed D.fails

句意:他已尽了最大努力,但至今没打破纪录。 so far

引导的从句用现在完成时。

课前自主学习

课堂互动探究

2.(课文重现)People have been worried about pollution caused
by fuels like petrol and gas for a long time now.很久以来, 人们一直为汽油等燃料造成的污染担忧。 【句式分析】 caused... 是过去分词作 pollution 的后置定语。相当于一个定

语从句...pollution that is caused by...,pollution和cause是
被动关系。

课前自主学习

课堂互动探究

【感悟高考】
After completing and signing it,please return the form to us in B the envelope________.(2012 ·山东) A.providing C.having provided B.provided D.provide

解析

考查非谓语动词,envelope和provide之间为被动关系,

故选provided。

课前自主学习

课堂互动探究


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