素能提升演练（十七） 必修 4 Unit 2 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. The twins are so alike that I am always ________(迷惑)by them. 2. Each classroom in our school is ______(配备) with a computer，which is helpful to our study. 3.
Getting rid of ______(饥饿) is very important in African countries， because too many people have starved to death. 4. He ______(后悔) that he was careless and didn?t pass the exam. 5. The method of _______(减少) the teaching cost has been discussed at the meeting. 6. Please repeat. I haven?t entered your name and ________ (职业) yet. 7. She became the ______(焦点) of attention immediately she turned up. 8. We have to _________ (奋斗) to win our freedom. 9. Iron will ______(膨胀) when heated. 10. Women have gained the ________(自由)to decide whether or not to marry. Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. ______ his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world of hunger. A. Thanks to B. Thanks for C. In spite of D. As regards 2. This also keeps the air, soil, water and crops _______ chemicals. A. out of B. out from C. free from D. rid of 3. Tom?s weight was reduced ________ 10 kilograms last year. A. by B. to C. from D. in 4. ［2012 马鞍山模拟］Young people are under great pressure. Therefore, parents shouldn?t expect too much from them, for it will only cause pressure to ______ . A. pick up B. turn up C. break up D. build up 5. Congratulations！It seemed that our boss was ______ with your work today. A．dishonest B．confused C．satisfied D．disturbed 6. It was obvious that the Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen became the ________ of media attention. A．discovery B．focus C．summary D．comment 7．Progress so far has been very good. We are ______ confident that the work will be completed on time. A．otherwise B．therefore C．however D．somehow 8. The road _______ the city is lined with trees. A. bringing about B. bringing on C. resulting in D. leading to 9. ［2012 福州模拟］The brave volunteers are struggling _______ the happiness of the poor. A. to B. for C. with D. against 10. The population of Africa is _______ so rapidly as to cause concern of the whole world.
A．expanding B．stretching C．extending D．spreading 11. At times the balance in nature is ______ ，resulting in a number of possibly unforeseen effects. A．confused B．puzzled C．disturbed D．troubled 12. Some of you may have finished Unit One. _______，you can go on to Unit Two. A. If you may B. If you do C. If not D. If so 13. ［2012 巢湖模拟］ —The final exam is coming. Would you mind my staying up late， going over my lessons? — I?d rather you ______ . With the light on，I can?t fall asleep. A．don?t B．didn?t C．won?t D．haven?t 14．—Do you regret ________ 2, 000 yuan for the trip? —No. I would gladly have paid ________ for it. A．to pay; twice so much B．to have paid; as much twice C．paying; twice as much D．having paid; so much twice 15． ［2012 临沂模拟］ People believe that we _______ a special ability to learn language and that our brain _______ itself to the language we heard around us. A. are prepared for; adjusts B. are equipped for; adapts C. are armed with; fits D. are equipped with; adjusts Ⅲ. 完形填空 ［2012 合肥模拟］ When your kids were six or seven，you sent them to school. Did you ever wonder what goes through a teacher?s 1 as he or she tries to teach your kids？Did you ever wonder what the teacher 2 from you，the parents? Parents can be 3 or suspicious. They can be of great help to the teacher 4 be in need of help themselves. Some teachers think parents are too 5 on their children. Here is 6 one teacher puts it. “I usually have the 7 of parents coming in and 8 me how much they care about the kids? education and how they really 9 their kids. They tell me they stand and 10 them closely when they do their homework. Sometimes they 11 offer help with the kids? lessons as if they were teachers. They check their schoolwork，and are too sensitive to 12 . They blame the kids on everything having to do 13 school. When a parent asks me how his or her kid is getting on in my class，my answer usually is ?Well，you know，he is 14 a good kid. He is fine in my class. Maybe you don?t have to be so 15 with your kid. ?” Teachers want parents to know that they are professionals at 16 with children. They have 17 many children and even parents. Because of this，teachers can be 18 at educating children. Teachers are 19 that parents want their children to do well，but they know more about what children should be able to do at different ages and 20 . 1. A. heart B. mind C. soul D. spirit 2. A. reflects B. results C. benefits D. expects 3. A. effective B. attentive C. supportive D. positive
4. A. but 5. A. hard 6. A. where 7. A. problems 8. A. advising 9. A. help with 10. A. connect 11. A. even 12. A. marks 13. A. at 14．A. nearly 15. A. satisfied 16. A. working 17. A. fed 18. A. pleased 19. A. content 20. A. stages Ⅳ. 任务型读写
B. or B. keen B. how B. contracts B. examining B. deal with B. guide B. already B. efforts B. beyond B. really B. careful B. playing B. observed B. worried B. doubtful B. classes
C. thus D. as C. dependent D. crazy C. when D. why C. accidents D. agreements C. telling D. instructing C. make up D. give up C. watch D. inspire C. still D. merely C. pains D. words C. in D. with C. seldom D. hardly C. strict D. cautious C. staying D. joking C. attended D. greeted C. disappointed D. experienced C. aware D. suspicious C. schools D. projects ［2012 怀宁模拟］
阅读下面短文，根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填一个单词。 Real policemen hardly recognize any resemblance between their lives and what they see on TV. The first difference is that a policeman?s real life revolved round criminal law. He has to know exactly what actions are crimes and what evidence can be used to prove them in court. He has to know nearly as much law as a professional lawyer can, and what is more, he has to apply it on his feet, in the dark and rain, running down a street after someone he wants to talk to. Little of his time is spent in chatting. He will spend most of his working life typing millions of words on thousands of forms about hundreds of sad, unimportant people who are guilty of stupid crimes. Most television crime dramas are about finding the criminal: as soon as he?s arrested, the story is over. In real life, finding criminal is seldom much of a problem. Except in very serious cases like murders and terrorist attacks, little effort is spent on searching. Having made an arrest, a detective really starts to work. He has to prove his case in court and to do that he often has to gather a lot of different evidence. A third big difference between the drama detective and the real one is the unpleasant pressures: firstly, as members of a police force, they always have to behave absolutely in accordance with the law. Secondly, as expensive public servants, they have to get results. They can hardly ever do both. Most of the time some of them have to break the rules in small ways. If the detective has to deceive the world, the world often deceives him. Hardly anyone he meets tells him the truth. And this separation the detective feels between himself and the rest of the world is deepened by the simple-minded—as he sees it—of citizens, social workers, doctors, law-makers, and judges, who, instead of eliminating crime, punish the criminals less severely in the hope that this will make them reform. The result, detectives feel, is that nine tenths of their work is re-catching people who should have stayed behind bars. This makes them rather cynical(愤世嫉俗的).
Police in (1) ______world Knowledge of (2)________ law Different (5) _____ time spent Different pressures Relationship with the society He has to know as much as a professional lawyer can and applies it to their (3) _____work. He (6)_____ most of his working life to collecting and providing evidence needed to prove his case in court. (8)_______ and the public put much pressure on detectives and policemen. He feels (9)_______ from citizens, as they hold different (10) ______toward punishment of the criminals.
Police on TV There is no (4) _____for them to know about it. Time is spent finding criminals. Once the criminal is found, the story (7)________. They got no pressure from the public. No contact with the public.
答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. confused 2. equipped 3. hunger 4. regretted 5. reducing 6. occupation 7. focus 8. struggle 9. expand 10. freedom Ⅱ. 1. 【解析】选 A。句意：由于他的研究，联合国在消除世界饥饿的战斗中有了更多的方法。 thanks to 多亏，因为；thanks for. . . =thank. . . for. . . 为……而感谢……；in spite of 尽管；as regards 至于，关于。 【变式备选】 It?s acknowledged that the traffic accident was largely ______ the driver?s carelessness. A. because of B. due to C. thanks to D. with a result of 【解析】选 B。句意：我们承认这起交通事故主要是由于司机的粗心造成的。选项中只有 B、 C 两项可作表语，表示原因。而 thanks to 一般指因为……而导致的好的结果，故选 B。 2. 【解析】选 C。句意：这也可以让空气、土壤、水以及农作物不受化学物质的污染。keep. . . free from 使……免受（伤害等） 。 3. 【解析】 A。 选 考查 reduce 的基本用法。 此处应根据句意选择， 汤姆的体重只能降低了 10kg， 不可能降低到 10kg, 所以答案是 A。 4. 【解析】选 D。句意：年轻人压力很大。因此，父母们不应对他们期望太多，因为这只会 引起压力的逐渐增大。pick up 拾起，接收；turn up 出现，露面；break up 粉碎，解散；build up 逐渐增强；建立，开发。 5. 【解析】选 C。根据 Congratulations！可知句意：似乎我们的老板今天对你的工作感到满意。 be satisfied with 对……感到满意。 6. 【解析】选 B。句意：很明显，哥本哈根气候变化会议成为媒体关注的焦点。focus 中心点， 焦点。discovery 发现；summary 总结，摘要；comment 评论，议论。 7． 【解析】选 B。考查副词辨析。therefore 因此，所以; otherwise 否则，要不然；however 然 而，可是；somehow 以……方式，不知怎么地。 8. 【解析】选 D。考查短语辨析。根据句意：这条通向城市的路两边都是树木。可知应选 D。 leading to 意为“通向”，作后臵定语修饰 the road。 其余三项都为“导致”的意思。
9. 【解析】选 B。考查动词 struggle 的用法。句意：这些勇敢的志愿者们在为穷人的幸福而奋 斗。struggle for sth. 为……而奋斗，符合句意。 10. 【解析】选 A。考查动词词义辨析。expand 不仅指尺寸的增加，还可指范围和体积的扩大。 stretch 一般指由曲变直、由短变长的伸展；extend 指空间范围的扩大或长宽的向外延伸，也可 指时间的延长；spread 一般指向四面八方扩大或传播。 11. 【解析】选 C。考查动词词义辨析。句意：有时候自然界的平衡受到了扰乱，导致了很多 未能预见的后果。 confuse 和 puzzle 表示“困惑不解， 迷惑”； trouble 表示“麻烦， 不安”； disturb 而 表示“扰乱，干扰”。 12.【解析】选 D。本题考查省略句的用法。 If so ＝ If you have done that/so。 13. 【解析】选 B。“would rather＋从句”时，从句的主语与主句主语不一致时，从句中的谓语 动词若表示同现在事实相反，则应用一般过去时。 【变式备选】 —Would you rather _____ there tomorrow? —No. I?d rather he _______ there instead of me. A．to go；will go B．go；went C．go；will go D．going；shall go 【解析】选 B。 Would you rather do sth. ？“你愿意做……吗？”因此第一个空要用动词原形； 第二个空要用虚拟语气，即 would rather sb. did sth. 宁愿别人做……。 14． 【解析】选 C。由句意可知，“我”的两千元早已经付了，因此回答表示“不懊悔。我愿意付 两倍的钱”。regret 接动词-ing 形式时，表示“后悔已经做过的事情”；as much 修饰倍数时， 应该把倍数放在前面。 【知识拓展】to do 和 doing 意义各不同 1. stop doing/to do stop to do 停止，中断做某事后去做另一件事。 stop doing 停止做某事。 2. forget doing/to do forget to do 忘记要去做某事。(未做) forget doing 忘记做过某事。(已做) 3. remember doing/to do remember to do 记得去做某事(未做) remember doing 记得做过某事(已做) 4. regret doing/to do regret to do 对要做的事遗憾。(未做) regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做) 5. try doing/to do try to do 努力，企图做某事。 try doing 试验，试着做某事。 6. go on doing/to do go on to do 做了一件事后，接着做另一件事。 go on doing 继续做原来做的事。 15． 【解析】选 D。句意：人们认为我们具备特别的语言学习能力，并且我们的大脑也适应了 我们所听到的周围的语言。be prepared for 和 be equipped for 意为“为……做好准备”，不符合 句意；be armed with 和 be equipped with 意为“用……武装好自己；具备”，符合句意。adjust (oneself) to 意为“(使)适应”。
Ⅲ. 【文章大意】家长对自己刚刚上学的孩子抱有很大的希望，因此对孩子非常关注，但是老 师毕竟是教育孩子的专家，他们对孩子的教育是很专业的，所以家长不必担心自己的孩子在 学校的学习情况。 1.【解析】选 B。根据语境“你是否想知道老师脑子里想的是什么？”可知 B 项正确。mind“头 脑”。 2. 解析】 D。 【 选 “你是否想知道老师对你们的期盼？”expect“期望， 盼望”， 符合语境。 reflect“反 射，反映，沉思”；result“发生，产生”；benefit“得益于，得利于”。 3. 【解析】选 C。家长可能会很支持老师，也可能怀疑老师的能力。supportive“支持的，给予 帮助的”；effective“有效的”；attentive“注意的，专心的”；positive“肯定的，积极的”。 4.【解析】选 B。通过句意“父母可能对老师很有帮助或者本身很需要帮助”可知答案。or 此处 表示选择，此句与上句形式一样。 5. 解析】 A。 【 选 句意“一些老师认为有些家长对孩子太严格”。 从下文第三段可知答案。 hard“苛 刻的，严厉的”；keen“热心的，渴望的”；dependent“依靠的，依赖的”；crazy“疯狂的”。 6.【解析】选 B。其中一个老师是这样说的。put 在这里意为“说，表达”，此处应该用 how 表 示方式。 7. 【解析】选 A。通过上下文可知此处讲的是老师会经常遇到一些有关家长教育孩子的问题， 因此此处应该用 problems。contract“合同”；accident“事故”；agreement“同意，一致”。 8. 【解析】选 C。通过分析可知此处应该和前面的 coming in 构成顺承关系，故用 telling。一 些家长过来告诉我……。 9. 【解析】选 B。下文讲述的是家长们是如何关注和教育自己的孩子的，故此处应该用 deal with“应对，处理”。 10.【解析】选 C。根据句意“家长们站在孩子们旁边，看着自己的孩子做作业”，watch. . . closely“密切注视”，能够很好地体现出家长们的心情。 11.【解析】选 A。此处用 even，意义更进一步，更加形象地表示家长对孩子的关心。句意“有 时他们甚至为孩子提供功课上的帮助，好像他们是老师一样。” 12.【解析】选 A。文中讲的是家长对自己的孩子的关心。家长对孩子的关心无非是孩子的成 长和学习成绩，因此此处应该用 marks“成绩，分数”。 13.【解析】选 D。他们就与学业有关的一切责备孩子。be/have to do with sb. /sth. 是固定用法， 表示“关心，与……有关”。 14． 【解析】选 B。根据语境可知老师此处对孩子是肯定的，故用 really“真正地，确实地”。 15. 【解析】选 C。be strict with“对……严格”，是固定搭配，此处与前面第二段的倒数第二句 照应。 16. 【解析】选 A。句中提到“老师想让家长知道老师在教育孩子方面是专家”，work 在此能够 表达出老师跟孩子一起，教育孩子这层含义。 17. 【解析】选 B。observe“观察，观测”。句意：老师们已经观察过很多学生甚至家长。从下 面一句可知答案。 18. 【解析】选 D。老师在教育孩子方面是很有经验的，be experienced at“对……有经验”，是 固定搭配。其余选项不合题意。 19. 【解析】选 C。aware“意识到”。句意：老师们意识到家长想让孩子做好。content“满足的”； doubtful“可疑的，不确定的”；suspicious“怀疑的”。 20.【解析】选 A。句意：老师们知道在不同的年龄和阶段孩子们应该能够做的事情。stage“阶 段，时期”，符合题意。 Ⅳ. 答案：1. real 2. criminal 3. daily 4. need 5. ways 6. devotes 7. ends 8. Law 9. separated 10. attitudes
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