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2013高三英语二轮复习(江苏专用)主题36“记”:国家地理


36“记”之国家地理

核 心 单 词

1. area n.地区
2.history n.历史 3.culture n.文化 population 4.__________ n.人口 natural 5._______ adj.自然的 6.________ n.资源 resource 7.enable v.使……能够 见证

8.witness v. _____ significant 9.__________ adj.意义重大的 10.long adj.长久的;悠久的

置于……位置 11.locate v._____________ contribution 12. ___________ n.贡献 13.wonder n.奇观 努力工作的,勤勉的 14.hardworking adj. ___________________ 15.motherland n.祖国 16.wisdom n._____ 智慧 17.brave adj.勇敢的 official 18. _______ adj.官方的 consist 19.______ vi.由……组成,构成 20.benefit v.得益



特别关注 1.consist(3年2考)★★★

(1)consist in在于,存在于
consist with...与……一致,相等
be made up of ? ? ?由??组成 (2) be composed of? ?

①The beauty of Venice consists largely in the style of its

ancient buildings.威尼斯的美很大程度上在于城中古建
筑物的风格。 ②Actions should consist with one's words.言行应该一致。

③Our team consists of/is made up of/is composed of 15
members.我们队由15位成员组成。

2.wonder(3年2考)★★★★
?wonder at/about... 对??感到惊讶 ? /how从句 想知道??/对??感到疑惑 ?wonder+wh?wonder+that从句 对??感到惊讶 ?

We wondered at her rudeness.我们对她的粗鲁感到惊讶。

核 心 短 语

of 1. consist ___由……组成 2.be located ___位于 in 3.as well as也 4.with a long history拥有悠久的历史

5.with an area of...拥有……面积
6.with a population of拥有……人口 7.enable...to...使……能够……

8.be linked ___ ...与……有关系;与……有关联 to
9.have much ___ common有很多共同之处 in 10.benefit _____ ...从……中得益 from

11.feel proud of对……感到骄傲 12.make contributions to...为……作贡献 13.be rich ___在……方面丰富 in 14.try one's utmost尽某人最大努力

15.make up占,构成
16.be in possession of...占有;拥有 17.arm... _____ ...用……武装 with in 18.live ___ harmony和谐生活 19.thanks to多亏;由于 20.take place发生

核 心 语 句

1. The Chinese nation consists of 56 nationalities,among which the Han Ethnic Group is the largest,making up 94% of the people. 中国有56个民族,其中汉族人最多,占94%。 2.China is a country with a long history and a large

population.中国是一个有着悠久历史和众多人口的国家。
3.The two countries have much in common. 这两个国家有很多相同之处。

4.China is located in the east of Asia,with an area of 9,

600,000 square kilometers.中国位于亚洲的东部,有
960万平方公里的土地。 5.Our country is rich in culture as well as natural resources.我们国家不只是物产丰富,文化也很丰富。 6.We should try our utmost to make great contributions

to the development of our motherland.
我们应该尽最大努力为祖国的发展作贡献。 7.Thanks to the government's efforts,all the people are

living in harmony.
多亏了政府的努力,所有人都和谐相处。

8.Both Australia and New Zealand benefit from wool industry.澳大利亚和新西兰都得益于羊毛业。 9.We feel proud of our country's significant progress.

我们为国家的伟大进步感到骄傲。
10.Great changes have taken place in China since the People's Republic of China was founded.自从中华人民

共和国成立以来,中国发生了巨大的变化。

——字词入章,相得益彰 My motherland,China,whose capital is Beijing,is

a great country with a long history and rich culture.It is
located in the east of Asia,with an area of 9,600,000 square kilometers and a population of 1.3 billion, consisting of 56 nationalities,among which the Han Ethnic Group is the largest,making up 94% of the people.There

are many beautiful mountains and rivers as well as rich natural resources in China.As we all know,the Yangtze River is among the longest rivers in the world,and the Great Wall is one of the seven wonders in the world.The Chinese people are a hardworking and brave people.Great changes have taken place in China in the past 30 years.

名 师 招 招 鲜

完形填空五大考查重点一 一、对上下文语义的考查 近年来的完形填空试题在选项的设置上逐渐谈化语法

结构,重在设置文意的干扰,即把具体的语言知识融入到
具体的情景中去,考查考生通过上下文的提示或暗示对整 体文意进行把握的能力。这种考查方式所占的比例较大, 难度也大。因此,快速浏览全文,领悟文章主旨,通过上 下文的语境来选择答案是解决这类题的关键。

In our discussion with people on how education can help
them succeed in life,a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory 1 course about 20 years ago.

The professor 2 the lecture hall,placed upon his
desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆),and invited the students to 4 3 how many beans the jar contained.After 5 answer,and went on shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a

thin,dry smile,announced the

saying,“You have just
science.That is:Never 7

6 an important lesson about
your own senses.” could guess what himself,perhaps,as 9

Twenty years later,the 8 theprofessor had in mind.He

inviting his students to start an exciting 10 unknown world invisible(无形的)to the 11 discovered only through scientific 12

into an ,which can be 13 the

.But the

seventeenyear- girl could not accept or even old

invitation.She was just
she 15

14 to understand the world.And

that her firsthand experience could be the

16 .The professor,however,said that it was

17 .He was taking away her only
remember feeling small and 19

18 for knowing

and was providing her with no substitute(替代).“I ,”the woman says, 20 the course that “and I did the only thing I could do.I

afternoon,and I haven't gone near science since.”

1.A.art

B.history

C.science B.looked at

D.math

2.A.searched for C.got through 3.A.count B.guess

D.marched into C.report D.watch

4.A.warning
C.turning away 5.A.ready 7.A.lose

B.giving
D.listening to B.possible C.correct D.difficult

6.A.learned B.prepared C.taught
B.trust

D.taken

C.sharpen D.show

8.A.lecturer
10.A.voyage 12.A.model 13.A.hear

B.scientist

C.speaker

D.woman
D.served D.rush D.methods D.refuse

9.A.described B.respected C.saw B.movement C.change B.senses B.make C.spirit C.present B.beginning D.waiting 11.A.professor B.eye

C.knowledge D.light

14.A.suggesting C.pretending

15.A.believed

B.doubted

C.proved

D.explained

16.A.growth 17.A.firm

B.strength

C.faith

D.truth D.acceptable D.brave D.missed

B.interesting C.wrong

18.A.task
19.A.cruel 20.A.dropped

B.tool
B.proud B.started

C.success D.connection
C.frightened C.passed

【语篇解读】 当大家都在讨论教育是如何帮助人们成功 的时候,一位女士讲述了自己第一次上自然科学课的经历。 教授通过一个小实验告诫大家:只有通过科学的实验,才能 得出结论,看待事物不能仅凭感觉。但是,这段经历却使这 个女孩产生疑惑,并从此不再接触与科学有关的课程。这个

故事从侧面揭示出教育的弊端。

1.答案 2.答案 3.答案

C D B

[由第二段最后教授说的话可知,这是一节 [教授走进教室,把一个盛满豆子的坛子放 [根据第二段第二句中的wrong guesses可知

关于自然科学的课,因此填science。]

在讲桌上。march into “走进去”。]
此空填guess。教授先让同学们猜坛子里有多少豆子。]

4.D
12.D 20.A

5.C
13.A

6.A

7.B

8.D
15.A

9.C
16.D

10.A
17.C

11.B
18.B 19.C

14.B


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