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英语动词短语汇总


英语动词短语汇总
l.动词+about talk about 谈论 think about 思考 know about 了解 look about 四处张望

care about 关心,在乎,对……有兴趣 set about 着手,开始 hear about /of 听说

bring about 引起,使发生,造成 throw

about 到处乱扔 go about 四处走动,传播

come about 发生

worry (be worried)about 为……担心 knock about 闲逛,流浪

be curious about 对…感到好奇

argue with sb. about sth. 于某人争论某事 be about to do sth. 正欲某事 set about doing sth 开始着手做某事 how about sth./ doing sth? …怎么样? 2.动词+away throw away 扔掉 ,浪费掉 carry away 拿走,使入迷 die away 逐渐消失,减弱 wash away 冲走 blow away 吹走 keep away from 远离。。。

clear away 清除掉,消散 turn away 把……打发走 pass away 去世 send away 让走开 break away 摆脱

take away 拿走,使消失

put away 收拾起来,存起来 run away 逃跑,流失 3.动词+back keep back 隐瞒,忍住

give away 背弃,泄漏,赠送 wear away 磨掉,消耗 drive away 开走

far away from 离。。.远

look back(on) 回顾 turn back 转回

give back

归还

turn back 转回 call back 回电话

hold back 控制住 ,抑制 4.动词+for run for 竞选 wait for 等候 long for 渴望 care for 关心,喜欢 search for 查找 apply for 申请

pay back 偿还

ask for sth. from sb. stand for 代表,表示

要求从某人那里得到,向某人要… charge…for 收费,要价 change…for 用……换 hunt for come for seek for 寻找 call for 需要,要求

hope/wish for 希望得到 beg for look for take…for 乞求 寻找 误以为……是

来拿,来取 寻找

send for 派人去请 5.动词+down burn down 烧毁

for one thing。。。 for another thing 。。。一则,再则

break down 坏了,垮了,分解 turn down 调小,拒绝

come down 下落,传下 settle down 安家

take/write/set down 记下,记录

cut down put down

削减,砍倒

slow down 慢下来

get down to sth. 开始认真做某事 fall down 倒下

记下,写下,镇压

up and down 上上下下

calm down 平静下来

bring down 使……降低,使倒下 let sb down 让某人失望 kneel down 跪下

tear/pull down 拆毁,拆除 6.动词+at come at 向……袭击 run at 冲向,向……攻击 look at

shout at 冲(某人)嚷嚷 work at 看,注视

shoot at 向……射击

干……活动(研究) strike at 向……打击 aim at 向……瞄准 at weekend 在周末 point at 指向

tear at 用力撕 stare at 凝视 glance at 匆匆一瞥 7.动词+from

glare at 怒视

smile at 冲(某人)笑

laugh at 嘲笑 call at /drop in at sp. 拜访(地点) knock at/on 敲(门、窗等)

differ from 与……不同 hear from 收到……来信

suffer from 受……苦 die from 因……而死

separate…from 把……分离开 result from 由于

keep/stop/prevent…from 阻止……doing sth date from (date back to) 始于……时期 8.动词+of think of 想到

learn from 向……学习

come from = be from 来自

dream of 梦到 become of 发生……情况,怎么啦

be in favor/ approve of 赞成

consist of 由……组成 speak of 谈到 hear of 听说 talk of 谈到 die of 死于 complain of /about 抱怨 be fond of 喜欢 instead of 代替,而不是 in charge of 负责 in search of 寻找 in spite of 尽管,不管 in need/want of 需要 in terms of 就…而言

9.动词+off start off 出发 leave off 中断 get off 下车 see off 送行 set off 出发 fall off 跌落,掉下 go off 消失;坏了,爆炸,不喜欢 show off 炫耀 keep off 避开,勿走近 cut off 切断,断绝 come off 脱落,褪色 well off 富裕 give off 散发出

take off 脱下,起飞,腾飞,休假 ring off 挂断电话

put off 延期,推迟

knock…off 把……撞落 pay off 还清 10.动词+on depend on 依靠 insist on 坚持

break off 打断

get off 脱下(衣服等) badly off 贫穷

carry off 携走带走,赢得 turn(switch) off 关掉 give off 发出(味道,烟,光等)

rely on 依靠

on earth 到底,究竟 on time 按时

on show 在展出

carry on 继续,进行

on one’s own 独自地,独立地

keep/go on 继续

spend…on 在……花钱

on purpose 故意 count on 期待,依靠,指望

put on 穿上,戴上,上演 ,增加

call on sb 拜访 on average 平均

move on 继续移动,往前走 live on 以……为生 on one’s way to sp 在某人去… 的路上 feed on 以……为食 on fire 烧着 be on fire for sth. 迷恋于 on foot 步行 try on 试穿 on guard 警惕,防范 on duty 值班

take on 雇用,呈现(新面貌等) have on 穿着 look on 旁观

pass on 传授,传递 on the contrary 相反 on sale 出售,贱卖 turn(switch) on 打开 focus on 聚焦于 on holiday/vacation 在度假

hold on 别挂断,请稍等,坚持 fix one’s eyes on … 盯着…on the phone 在听电话 come on 来吧,跟着来,加油 and so on 等等 work on 继续工作 be on a diet 在节食
take on a new look 呈现出新面貌 get on the bus 上车 keep an eye on 留意,照看 later on 后来 play a trick on 捉弄 spend …on sth 在…上花费 on the way 在途中,即将到来

from now on 从现在起

get on well with 与某人相处的好,进展得好 on board 在船(飞机,车)上

have an effect /influence on 对…有影响

on one hand …, on the other hand 一方面,另一方面 on the early morning 在大清早 on the eve of Christmas = on Christmas Eve 在圣诞前夕

on weekdays 在工作日

11.动词+out break out 爆发 pick out 选出 burst out 进发 point out 指出 send out 发出,派遣 put out 扑灭 hand out 散发 speak out 大胆讲出

figure out 算出,理解

bring out 阐明,使表现出 help out 救助

look out 当心,提防 give out 散发,分发,用完

carry out 执行,进行 hold out 坚持下去

try out 试用,试验

set out 出发,着手,摆放

find out 查出,弄明白

wear out (be worn out)穿破,使……疲劳 make out 理解,看清楚 keep out(of) 使不进入,挡住 run out (of sth.)用完 let out 泄漏,发出(声音) ,出租

turn out 结果是,生产,培养 leave out 省略,删掉

come out 出版,出来

work out 算出,想出办法,锻炼等 out of work 失业 go out 熄灭 help sb out 帮助某人摆脱困境

die out 灭绝 pull out 驶出,拖出

out of sight 看不见 out of date 过时 12.动词十 in give in (to sb.)让步 bring in 引进,赚得 result in 导致 hand in 上交 drop in 拜访 in turn 转而,按次序,轮流 in return 作为回报 in the way look in 来访,参观

succeed in 在……获成功

挡道,碍事

join in 参加 get in 收获,进入 fill in 填写

take in

接纳,吸收,欺骗

be interested in 对…感兴趣 do well in 在…做得好 persist in 坚持 turn in 上交

break in 强制进入,插话

call in 召集,来访

cut in 插嘴

in honour of 为了纪念,为了尊敬 13.动词十 into look into 研究,调查 burst into 闯入,进发

be strict in sth / with sb.对...要求严格

change/ turn into 变成 divide…into 把……分成

be into doing sth. 喜欢做某事 send sb to/into sleep 使进入状态

put/translate…into 把……译成 14.动词+over turn over 翻倒,细想

run into 碰到 knock into 撞到某人身上

think over 仔细考虑 knock over 撞翻 fall over 跌倒,摔倒 look over 翻阅,检查 hand over 移交 roll over 翻滚

go over 审阅,检查,研究 ,复习 get over 克服 ,恢复 take over 接管,接替

run over 压死,看一遍 watch over 看守,照看

be over 结束

over and over 一边又一遍

all over the world 遍及全世界 have an advantage over sb. 胜过,优于 over there 在那边 15.动词十 to belong to 属于 object to 反对 refer to 谈到,涉及,参阅 point to 指向

turn to 向……求助,查阅 ,转向 come to 共计,苏醒

stick/hold/keep to 坚持,忠于 agree to 同意 reply to 答复 get to 到达 prefer to 更喜欢 write to 写信给 used to do 过去常做 attend to 处理,专心,照料

apply to 应用于

bring to 使苏醒把……比作 compare…to 与…相比;把…比作 supply…to 为……提供 devote…to 贡献给 lead to 导致,通向 add to 增添

to the poit 切题 when it comes to sth 当谈及… help oneself to 自取

the key to doing sth 做某事的关键 open the door to sth/ doing sth 打开了…大门 get/be /become used to sth/ doing sth 习惯于某事 be related to 与。。。有关 be known to sb 为某人所知 get down to doing sth 开始着手做某事 lead to 导致 pay attention to 注意 be close to 接近 in addition to 除了…之外 due to 因为 set an example to 为…树立榜样 take sb to sp 带某人去某地 dance to 和着…跳舞 set fire to 放火烧 drink to 为。。。干杯 happen to do 碰巧做某事 occur to sb 想起 do harm to = be harmful to 对…有害 be similar to 与…相似 be equal to 胜任,相等

thanks to 多亏了 owing to 由于 according to 根据 contribute to 为…做贡献 look forward to doing sth 期待做某事 be addicted to sth 沉迷于 stick to 坚持

16.动词+up grow up 成长,长大 set up 架起、建立

give up 放弃,献出

build up 建立 ,树立,构建 ,增进

put up 搭起,架起,安装,住宿,张贴,盖起,举起(hand) cheer up 使高兴,使兴奋 tear up 撕碎 hurry up 快点

do up 整理,包装,打扮

go up 增长,上涨 get up 起床,站起 make up one’s mind to do 下决心做某事 pick up 拾起,(偶然)学会,用车来接,收到(信号),接电话,捎带,回升 bring up 抚养,呕吐,提出 出现 dress up 打扮,穿上盛装 turn up 开大(音量等),出席 shut up 住嘴 wake up 唤醒 use up 用完 stay up 熬夜 eat up 吃完

stay /sit up 挺住,熬夜 hang up 挂断 up to date 时新的 come up with 提出,想起 take up 开始学,从事,占据 be fed up with 厌倦 lay aside 储存 ,放一边 cut up 切碎 catch up with 赶上 bum up 烧毁

make up 构成,组成 编造 弥补,和好

hurry up 赶快

join up 联结起来,参军

be up to sb 由 sb. 负责 fix up 修理,安排,装置

end up with 以 。。。结束 speed up 加快速度

come up 上来,长出,出现 look up 查找,找出,向上看

throw up 呕吐 add up to 总计 clear up 整理,收拾,放晴 hold up 耽搁,使停顿 open up 开创,开辟 pull up 使停止

keep up with 跟得上,保持联系 send up 发射 17.动词十 through ring up 打电话

break up 分解

get through 通过,干完,接通电话 ,用完 ,度过

go through 经历,审阅,检查,学习 ,穿过

look through 翻阅,看一遍,仔细查看 live through 活过,熬过 see through 识破 break through 打破 18.动词+with deal with 处理,对付 do with 处理,需要 make friends with 和…交朋友 share sth with sb 分享 meet with 遇到,遭受 talk with /to 同……交谈 communicate with 和某人交流 compare with 与……相比 begin with 以……开始 equip…with 以……装备 cover…with 用……覆盖 关心,挂念 pull through 渡过危机,康复 check through 核对

agree with 同意,与……一致 combine with 与……相联合 end up with 以……结束 provide…with 以……供给

supply…with 以……供给 be concerned with play with 玩,玩弄

help sb with sth 在某方面帮某人 be familiar with 对…熟悉

be busy with 忙于… =(be busy doing sth.) with one’s own eyes 亲眼 come up with 想出,提出

with pleasure 愉快地,乐意 fall in love with sb. 爱上某人 with one’s help 在某人的帮助下= with the help of sb provide sb. with sth. 为某人提供 to begin with 首先 have a word with sb 和某人有话说

be popular with 受到某人的欢迎 have sth. to do with sb 和某人有关系

be satisfied/ happy/ pleased/ content with 对。。。感到满意 put up with 忍耐 19.其他短语 add up to 总计 break away from 摆脱 catch up with 赶上 look up to 仰望,尊敬 look down on/upon 轻视 so as to 为了 go on with 继续 in order to 为了 take hold of 握住 pay attention to 注意

keep away from 避开,别靠近 put up with 忍受 make up for 弥补 get close to 接近 set fire to 放火烧

do away with 废除 run out of 用完

keep up with 赶上

get on(along) with 和……相处 get out of 逃避,避免 take notice of 注意

look forward to 盼望

get down to 认真开始

set an example to 为……榜样 pay a visit to 访问

do well in 在……干得好 take part in 参加

date back to 追溯到 make up one’s mind to do sth. in stead of 代替 take a photo of 拍……照片 take the place of 取代

even though/ if 即使 in case (of) 以防,万一,假设 as if/ though 好像,似乎 not…until 直到。。。才 so that 以至于 not only…but also 不但。。。而且 develop/ form a good habit 养成一个好习惯 drop sb. a line 给某人写信 have fun doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣 rather than 而不是 develop into 发展成为 more or less 几乎,差不多,或多或少 separate A from B 把 A 和 B 分开

consider/ take/ look on/ think of/ regard/treat /refer to sb. as …把某人当作/看作 take excise 做锻炼 be particular about 对…挑剔 watch one’s step 小心,谨慎行事 may/ might as well do sth 还是做…的好,不妨做 may well do 很可能做,有希望做某事

be caught in 遭遇到(坏天气,堵车等)take notes 记笔记 take place 发生(有安排) shake hands with sb 和某人握手 catch sb doing sth 抓到某人正做某事 pull over 停靠路边 have difficulty/problem/ trouble in doing sth 做某事有困难 be in trouble 陷入困境 go wrong 出毛病,不对头 owe sth to sb 归功于某人,欠某人某物 make a choice 作出选择 play a role/part in 在…中扮演角色 ,起作用 have no choice but to do sth 别无选择只能做… can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 can’t help to do sth 不能帮忙做某事 think /speak highly of 高度赞扬 stay/keep calm 保持冷静 interoduce A to B 把 A 介绍给 B leave behind 忘了带 leave alone 不打扰,不理 leave for 离开去。。advise doing sth 建议做 leave sth to sb 把某物留给某人 seek one’s advice 征求某人意见 advise sb to do 建议某人做 follow one’s advice 遵从某人意见 suggest (sb )doing 建议某人做某事

强化练习:
1. The novel is so badly written that I can hardly _____ what the writer is trying to say. A. find out B. figure out C. look through D. get through

2. The students were told to _____ their English before going abroad. A. give up B. polish up C. use up D. end up

3. ---What's wrong with Jane? ---A letter from home _____ an attack of homesickness. A. sent out B. set out C. sent off D. set off

4. Your article will have to be _____ to fit into the magazine. A. cut out B. cut up C. cut down D. cut off

5. Our teachers promised to attend our class meeting, but they haven't ____ yet. A. turned up B. turned out C. reached D. turned over

6. ---Will you walk a little faster? ---I was afraid you could not _____ . A. walk up B. go up C. keep up D. catch up

7. ---I heard Back Street Boys will sing at the New Theatre. ---Where did you _____ ? A. pick that up C. make that up B. put that up D. take that up

8. It is a pity that the quarrel _____ their friendship. A. broke up B. put down C. gave up D. took away

9. Please make sure the light will _____ if no one is in the room. A. turn off B. put out C. take away D. go out

10. The simple joy of reading is something we take for granted. But many people have had to _____ this ple asure because of poor eyesight. A. give in B. give off C. give out D. give up

11. It was dark, we decided _____ for the night at the farm house. A. put away B. put down C. put up D. put out

12. After recovering from his illness, he was advised to _____ gardening as a bobby. A. take away B. take off C. take on D. take up

13. David likes country life and has decided to _____ farming. A. go in for B. go through C. go on to D. go with

14. You may _____ studying English, but in the long run, you'll be glad that you did. A. get interested in B. make use of

C. get used to

D. get tired of

15. Chemicals in the body _____ our food into useful substance. A. mix up B. deal with C. bring in D. break down

16. ---Let's go to the lecture on International Trade this evening. ---That' s great. I'll _____ you at 6: 30. A. call up B. call to C. call for D. call on

17. I tried to work on, but I was so tired that I could no longer _____ . A. bear out B. hold on C. hold up D. work out

18. ---What a large and bright room ! Is it a classroom? ---No, It _____ the students' reading-room. A. refers to B. stands for D. is meant for

C. is supposed to be

19. Once the poison is _____ , there is no further danger. A. brought up B. brought in

C. brought back D. brought about 20. It was only when her sorrow A. broke out B. happened that Tom looked at her. C. took place D. gave out

21. The lower room was in darkness, but by _____ his way he found the bag. A. taking B. feeling C. pushing D. making

22. We may have dreams because we have needs that are _____ in our daily lives. A. unknown B. undone C. unborn D. unmet

23. Miss Kate smiled at them all, _____ to say something, and went quietly out. A. looked B. appeared C. wished D. hoped

24. The teacher _____ that the pupils finish their compositions at once.

A. described B. desired

C. delighted

D. determined

25. ---Excuse me, what time can I see you tonight? ---Can we _____ it eight o' clock? A. see B. decide C. make D. fix

26. If Mr. Brown _____ his sister to attend the party, she will certainly be glad to. A. hopes B. manages C. demands D. advises

27. ---He failed his exam again. ---But what did you _____ ? Had he ever been working hard? A. think B. expect C. consider D. regard

28. ---What happened to you yesterday? ---At the bus stop a thief _____ my handbag and ran off down the street. A. caught B. stolen C. robbed D. snatched

29. That' s funny! I remember putting my glasses on the desk, but now they're _____ . A. missed B. broken C. gone D. disappeared

30. A terrible thought suddenly _____ me. ---Had anyone broken into the house? A. struck B. beat C. knocked D. attacked

31. ---How about this kind of fruit? ---Oh, this kind of fruit _____ lots of vitamin C and B. A. remains B. includes C. contains D. holds

32. ---I'd like to the cinema with you, Dad. ---Sorry, my darling, but this film is _____ for adults only. A. admitted B. intended C. promised D. permitted

33. She goes over all her lessons once a week and the job _____ her three hours. A. spends B. takes C. spares D. lasts

34. Mr. Brown didn't believe that such a little thing could _____ much. A. mind B. matter C. trouble D. happen

35. Instead of _____ their burden, he gave the students more homework. Do you think it right? A. increasing B. bearing C. adding to D. lightening

36. After the tiring journey, Gerald hoped to find a hotel to _____ the night in. A. sleep B. spare C. pass D. remain

37. ---How about going to see the film this evening? ---OK, I'll _____ you at exactly eight o' clock. A. expect B. wait for C. bring D. agree with

38. ---What do you think of those curtains? ---Oh, they _____ very well with the wallpapers, I think. A. suit B. fit C. fix D. go


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