1. I have a lot of books, half of ________ novels. A. which B. that C. whom D. them 2. ________ more and more forests destroyed, many animals are facing the danger of
dying out. A. because B. as C. With D. Since 3. The bus was crowded with passengers going home from market, most of ________ carrying heavy bags and baskets full of fruit and vegetables they had bought there. A. them B. who C. whom D. which 4. The largest collection ever found in England was one of about 200,000 silver pennies, all of ________ over 600 years old. A. which B. that C. them D. it 5. The cave ________ very dark, he lit some candles ________ light. A. was; given B. was; to give C. being; given D. being; to give 6. The soldier rushed into the cave, his right hand ________ a gun and his face ________ with sweat. A held; covered B. holding; covering C. holding; covered D. held; covering 7. The girl in the snapshot was smiling sweetly, her long hair _________. A. flowed in the breeze B. was flowing in the breeze C. were flowing in the breeze D. flowing in the breeze 8. The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons _________ for the day. A. finishing B. finished C. had finished D. were finished 9. On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, _________ parents seated together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that 10. The Smiths are rich and they have three cars, one a Toyota, ________ Land Rover of the latest. A. another B. other C. the other D. the others 【答案与解析】 1. D。 half of them novels 为独立主格结构， 相当于 and half of them are novels。 2. C。考查“with + 名词 + 过去分词”结构。 3. A。most of them carrying...为独立主格结构，相当于 and most of them were carrying...，也可改为：most of whom were carrying。注意改动后连词 and 的使用 和动词 were 的使用。 4. C。all of them over 600 years old 为独立主格结构，相当于 and all of them are over 600 years old。 5. D。第一空填 being，构成独立主格结构;第二空填不定式表目的。 6. C。独立主格结构，his right hand 与 hold 有主谓关系，故用 holding,而 his face 与 cover 是动宾关系，故用 covered.
7. D。her long hair 与 flowing 是主动关系，这是“独立主格结构”作状语。 8. B。 因 lessons 与动词 finish 之间为被动关系， 故要用过去分词。 其实， their lessons finished for the day 为独立主格结构。 9. A。此题容易误选 B，认为这是非限制性定语从句。其实，句中的 their parents seated together joking 不是非限制性定语从句，而是一个独立主格结构， 因为空格后的动词 seated 不是谓语， 而是一个过去分词， 因为 seat 作动词用时， 是及物动词。 10. D。易误选 C。后面部分实际上是独立主格结构形式，省略了 being。补 充完整就是：The Smiths are rich and they have three cars, one being a Toyota, the others being Land Rover of the latest. (两个独立主格结构均表伴随状语)
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