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高考英语一轮复习 Book5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom


Unit 2
Ⅰ.词汇与派生

The United Kingdom 基础落实

1.unite [ju?′naIt] v.联合;团结 2.consist [k?n′sIst] vi.组成;在于 3. clarify [′kl?rIfaI] vt.澄清,阐明 4.accomplish [?′k?mplI?] vt.完成;达到;实现

5. conflict [k?n′flIkt] n.& vi.矛盾;冲突

6. unwilling [ ?n′wIlI?] adj.不愿意的
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7.sightseeing [ saIt′si?I?] n.观光;游览
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8.convenience [k?n′vi?nI?ns] n.便利;方便→

convenient adj.方便的
9.rough [r?f] adj.粗糙的;粗暴的 10.attract [?′tr?kt] vt.吸引,引起注意→ attraction n.吸引 11.collection [k?′lek?n] n.收藏品;珍藏 12.enjoyable [In′d??I?bl] adj.令人愉快的;使人高兴的 13.splendid [′splendId] adj.灿烂的;极好的

14. arrange [?′reInd?] vt.筹备,安排;整理 15. delight [dI′laIt] n.& vt.快乐;高兴;喜悦→ delightful adj.令人高兴的 16. thrill [θrIl] vt.使激动;使胆战心惊→

thrilling adj.刺激的
17. possibility [ p?s?′bIl?tI] n.可能(性)
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18. description [dI′skrIp?n] n.描写;描述→

describe v.描述 19.opportunity [ ?p?′tju?n?tI] n.机会,时机
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20. statue [′st?t?u?] n.塑像

语境助记——词不离句,句不离段 The sightseeing is delightful,enjoyable,and even thrilling.The attraction of the splendid statues there is beyond description.

Ⅱ.短语与拓展 ? consistof ? ? 1. up of ?由??组成 be made ? 2.leave out省去;遗漏;不考虑 leave behind 使??落后 3.make a listof 把??列出清单 4. in memory of sb.作为对某人的纪念 in honor of 为纪念 5.feel proud of 对??感到骄傲 take pride in 以??为骄傲

6.divide... into 把??分成 separate ...from 把??分开 7.refer to 说到,谈到,提及;参考;涉及 8.on special occasions 在特殊场合 9. take the place of 代替 10.break down (机器)损坏;破坏;(身体)垮掉

Ⅲ.句式与运用 1.This solid stone,square tower had remained standing for one thousand years.这个坚实的用石头砌的方形塔已 经屹立在那儿一千年了。 句式分析 句式仿写 remain作系动词时,后面可接现在分词、过 他们一直在听。 去分词或不定式短语。

They remained listening.

2 . There followed St Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666.接着参观的是圣· 保罗大 教堂,它是公元 1666 年伦敦大火以后建造的。 句式分析 句型。 句式仿写 孩子们冲了出来。 There followed 意为“接着,随后”,是倒装

Out rushed the children.

3.What interested her most was the longitude line. 她最感兴趣的是那条经线。 句式分析 What interested her most 是 what 引导的名词 性从句作主语,称为主语从句。what 表示“所??的”, 在从句中作主语、宾语和表语。 句式仿写 我所看到的与你所说的完全不同。

What I saw was quite different from what you said.

4.It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London. 这似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦 敦生活过,并且在伦敦去世。 句式分析 It seems/ed+adj.+that从句。 句式仿写 看来掌握一些实用技术很重要。
It seems important that one should have

practical skills.

Ⅳ.高考源于教材 1.It is a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. (教材原句)

Thousands of foreigners were________to the Shanghai C World Expo the day it opened. (2010· 江苏,24) A.attended C.attracted B.attained D.attached

解析

句意为:成千上万名外国人在上海世博会开放的当日

被吸引来参观。attend参加;attain获得;attract吸引;attach 附属于。

2. However, southern part of Ireland was unwilling and the broke away to form its own government. (教材原句) —How about your journey to Mount Emei? —Everything was wonderful except that our car ________ twice on the way. B A.slowed down C.got down (2009· 四川, 8) B.broke down D.put down

解析

A项意为“减慢速度”;B项意为“出故障,抛

锚”;C项意为“降下”;D项意为“把??放下;记 下,平息”。

3 . There followed St.Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666. shouting together. A.voices had come C.voices would come (教材原句) (2009· 福建,25) B.came voices D.did voices come

B For a moment nothing happened.Then ________ all

解析

当某些副词如then,now,here,there,up等置

于句首时,句子要用完全倒装形式。

Ⅴ.单元知识活用 翻译句子 1.我们经理发表讲话时常参考笔记。(refer to)

Our manager often refers to his notes when he delivers a speech.
2.上周,公司召开了一次会议,但是由于车在路上坏了我 们经理迟到了。(break down)

Last week,our company held a meeting, but our manager was late because his car broke down on the way.

3.他打电话让我代替他主持会议。(in place of)

He called me to host the meeting in place of him.
4.会议由四部分组成,我们逐一进行。(consist of)

The meeting consisted of four parts and

we went on with them one after another.
5.为了工作方便,我们建议经理应买辆新车。(for convenience)

We suggested that our manager should buy a new car for convenience of work.

连句成篇——用适当的关联词或句将上述句子连接成文 Our manager often refers to his notes when he delivers a speech,but he works hard and is strict with himself.Last week,our company held a meeting,but our manager was late because his car broke down on the way.At once,he called me to host the meeting which consisted of four parts in place of him.We went on with them one after another.After the meeting,our manager apologized to us for his being late and we suggested that he should buy a new car for convenience of work.

考点探究
重点单词 1.attract v.吸引;诱惑

attraction n.魅力;有吸引力的事物;景点 attractive adj.吸引人的
attract one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 attract sb. to ...把某人吸引到?? have an/no/a little/much attraction for sb. 对某人具有/不具有/有一点/很有吸引力

(1)To be honest,the pay isn’t attractive enough,though the job itself is quite interesting. 么吸引人。 (2)The television has no attraction for me. 电视对我没有什么吸引力。 (3)He is always attracted by women older than him. 他总是被年纪比他大的女性迷住。 (2009· 浙江,18) 说实话, 尽管这项工作本身很令人感兴趣, 但薪水却没那

2.delight n.快乐,高兴,喜悦;v.使高兴,使欣喜

delighted adj.高兴的,快乐的
delightful adj. (事物)令人高兴,(人)讨人喜欢
take/find delight in sth.以??为乐 delight sb.with sth.用??来取悦某人 delight in (doing) sth.喜欢(做)某事 to one’s delight 使某人高兴的是

with delight 高兴地,乐意地 be delighted to do sth.高兴做某事
be delighted that...高兴?? be delighted at/with/by sth.对??感到高兴、满意

(1)We take delight in the existence of creatures and even whole societies beyond our everyday lives. (2010· 重庆,阅读理解 E) 我们取乐于这些生物的存在乃至取乐于远远超过我们日 常生活的整个(幻想的)社会。 (2)She takes delight in teasing her sister. 她以取笑她的妹妹为乐。 (3)She delighted the audience with her jokes about the president. 她讲了有关总统的一些笑话使观众很开心。

写作句组——满分作文之佳句 a.About three years ago I was delighted to learn that Baiyun gave birth to her daughter Sulin. (2008· 全国Ⅱ) b.It’s a great pleasure for me to be here today. (2010· 江苏) c.Today I’m glad to have the chance to talk about our English club. (2010· 湖南)

3.arrange v.筹备;安排;整理

arrangement n.安排;布置
arrange (for) sth.安排、筹划某事 arrange to do sth.安排做某事 arrange for sb.to do sth.安排某人做某事 arrange with sb. to do sth.与某人约定做某事 arrange+wh+to do 商定??,安排?? arrange that+ (should) do ...安排??,准备??

make an arrangement 做安排

(1)Three activities, skipping, jogging, outdoor aerobics (有 氧运动), of which are free of charge, be arranged. all will (2010,福建,阅读理解 D) 蹦极、慢跑和户外有氧运动这三项免费的运动都会有安 排的。 (2)We still have to arrange how to get home. 我们还必须安排好怎样回家。 (3)He arranged that the meeting (should) be put off for a week.?He arranged for the meeting to be

put off for a week.
他已安排好将会议延期一周。

语境活用 Now everything for the conference to be held tomorrow has been arranged (已准备就绪).I have arranged

for Tom to pick up (安排 Tom 开车去接) the experts at the airport.I’m to arrange to meet
(安排接见)Mr.Wang after that.

4.convenience n.便利,方便;方便、好用的东西

convenient adj.便利的,方便的
It is convenient for sb.to do sth.对某人来说干某事很方 便

at one’s convenience 在某人方便的时候 for convenience 为方便起见 sth.is convenient for sb.??对某人很方便

(1)In this seaside resort,you can enjoy all the comfort and convenience of modern tourism. 与便利。 (2)Let’s debate about this matter at your convenience. 在你们方便的时候我们讨论一下这件事。 (3) Is it convenient for you to pick him up after the meeting? 会后你用车去接他方便吗? (2007· 山东,34) 在这个海滨度假胜地,您可以享受所有现代旅游的舒适

语境活用 Yesterday I received an email from my former teacher.He asked me if it would be convenient (方便的) for him to come to my home this weekend.Of course I replied to him quickly that he could come at his convenience (在?? 方便时).Besides,I told him that if convenient (方便的 话),I’d like to pay him a visit because it was really

convenient (方便的) to go to Beijing nowadays.

对点训练
Ⅰ.语境填词 1.The city’s bright lights,theatres and films are

attractions (吸引) that are hard to avoid.
2.I tried to attract his attention (注意力),but failed. 3. it is quite convenient (方便的) to you, will visit you If I next weekend.

Ⅱ.单项填空 1.—Will you come to my birthday party? —Thanks for your invitation,and I’ll be________ to B come. A.delighting C.delightful B.delighted D.delight

解析

be delighted to do sth.高兴做某事,固定搭配。

2.The high standard of the nation’s literature and art________widespread attention. C A.was attracted C.has attracted B.have attracted D.has been attracted

解析

句意为:这个国家的文学、艺术的高标准吸引了

广泛的注意。主语是单数,排除B项,且为主动关系, 排除A、D两项。

3.I have________my secretary to meet the foreign guest at B the airport. A.organized C.planned B.arranged for D.made

解析

由句意可知,应是“安排某人做某事”,故用

arrange for sb.to do sth.结构。

4.________ to have a picnic here! C A.What great delight C.What a great delight B.How great delight D.How a great delight

解析 项。

delight指具体的事的时候,是可数名词,故选C

5.Our new house is________ for me as I can get to the C office in five minutes. A.adaptable C.convenient B.comfortable D.available

解析

sth.is convenient for sb.??对某人很方便。句意

为:我的新房子对我很方便,因为我能在五分钟内到达 办公室。

重点短语与句型 1.consist of由??组成 consist of=be made up of/be composed of consist in...存在于??,在于?? consist with ...与??一致,与??相符 注意:consist of无进行时,也无被动语态。

(1)The brain consists of “grey matter” and “white matter”. 大脑包括“灰物质”和“白物质”。 (2)The committee consists of ten members. 委员会由十人组成。 (3)True education does not consist in simply teaching facts. 真正的教育并不在于简单地讲授事实。 (2008· 陕西,阅读理解E)

2.to one’s credit 成为(某人的)荣誉;(某人)值得赞扬; 在??名下 give/offer sb.credit 允许某人赊购

on credit 赊购,赊账
credit card 信用卡
do sb.credit do credit to sb. (1)He has fourteen films to his credit. 他已经完成了 14 部电影。 (2)The work did credit to all of us. 那项工作为我们所有人带来荣誉。

为(某人)增光,使值得赞扬/表扬

3.break away (from)脱离;打破 break down出故障;(谈判等)失败;崩溃;分解;(健康 等)垮掉 break into 非法闯入;突然开始(唱、笑、哭等) break out 爆发;突然发生 break through 突破;克服 break up (with sb.)粉碎;解散;(学校等)期终放假; 断绝关系

(1)Johnny broke away and ran outside,determined never to go to another dance. (2009· 湖南,完形填空) 约翰摆脱(他们)跑了出来,决定不再跳舞了。 (2)His house was broken into last night. 他的房子昨晚被破门而入。 (3)His car broke down on his way to work. 他的车在上班的路上坏了。

4.It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London.这似 乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生 活过,并且在伦敦去世。 句式提取:It seemed/s+adj.+that从句

seem的其他相关句型: It seems/ed (to sb.)+that从句 好像??;似乎seem (to be) 好像?? +adj./现在分词/过去分词/介词短语

seem to do/be doing/have done好像要做/在做/已经做了?? seem as if...好像?? There seems to be...好像有??
(1) It seems to me that there is something funny about the case. 在我看来这件案子有点奇怪。 (2)Even minor problems seem important to him. 对他来说即使小问题看来好像也很重要。

5.There followed St.Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666.接着参观的是圣保罗大教 堂,它是公元1666年伦敦大火以后建造的。 句式提取:there+倒装 There followed意为“接着,随后”,是倒装句型。结构 为:There+谓语+主语,可用于这个句型的动词有 come,stand,live,remain,occur,lie,exist,follow 等。在表示方向、地点的副词或某些介词词组开头的句 子里,如there,here,out,in,up,down,away,in front of等的句子要用倒装结构,以示强调。

(1)At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River lies Chongqing ,one of the ten largest cities in China. 的重庆。 (2)Hearing the dog barking fiercely,away fled the thief. (2009· 上海,38) 听到狗的狂叫声,小偷逃掉了。 (3)Away ran the prisoner. 那个犯人逃跑了。 (4)Between the two buildings stands a tall tree . 两座楼之间有一棵高大的树。 (2010· 重庆,33) 在长江和嘉陵江汇合的地方,坐落着中国十大城市之一

对点训练 Ⅰ.选词填空 to one’s credit,break up,consist of,break down 1.The Group of Eight consists of the eight richest countries in the world. 2.Jane, to her credit,did not believe his story. 3.Our car broke down on the railway. 4.The fireman had to break up the locked door to get into the burning building.

Ⅱ.翻译句子 1.最后,战争似乎要结束了。

At last,it seemed the war might be coming to an end.
2.铃响了宣布这节课结束了。

There goes the bell announcing the end of the class.

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.The world________ seven continents and four oceans. D A.makes up of C.is consisted of B.makes out of D.consists of

解析

句意为:世界由七大洲和四大洋组成。consist made

of由??组成,不能用于被动语态;A项应为be up of结构;B项不对。故选D。

2.There________ something wrong with my bike, ________? A A.seems to be;doesn’t there B.seems to have;isn’t it C.seem to be;is there D.seems as if;is it

解析

there seems to be...好像有??,为固定句式。

3.Her health________ under the pressure of work. A A.broke down C.broke off B.broke in D.broke out

解析

句意为:在工作的压力下,她的健康垮掉了。

break down垮掉。

4.Out________ with a book in his hand. A A.he rushed C.did he rush B.rushed he D.he did rush

解析

由于该句主语he为代词,虽然out置于句首,谓语

也不倒装。 B 5. ________, solved the problem in spite of all difficulties. he
A.To our credit C.To your credit
解析 项。

B.To his credit D.To their credit

句意为:值得赞扬的是,尽管有很多困难,他还是

解决了这个问题。此处指的是“他值得赞扬”,故选 B

写作提升
说明文 说明文是以说明为主要表达方式的一种文体,主要用于介 绍事物、说明事理等。说明文文体主要用于科普知识介绍、产 品介绍、广告宣传等。说明的对象可以是人,也可以是物,还 可以是概念等。 为了表达清楚、明白,写说明文时,往往按一定的顺序进 行写作,如空间顺序、时间顺序、逻辑顺序等,由近及远、从 表入里、从上到下进行说明。通过说明事物的外部特征来揭示 事物的本质,从而使所写的文章思路清晰、结构明朗、条理清 楚。

典例展示 假设你是李明,你的美国朋友Jack给你发来一封 email,向你了解有关中国相声(crosstalk)的一些情况。请 根据以下要点给他回一封email。 要点:1.中国受欢迎的相声演员有哪些; 2.学习相声是否很难; 3.如果想学相声,应该从何学起; 4.相声大师是否收外国学生。 注意:1.邮件的开头和结尾已经写好,但不计入总词数;

2.词数120~150。 Dear Jack, I’m very glad to receive your email and know that you have a great interest in Chinese crosstalk.___________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours, Li Ming

学生习作

阅卷现场
这篇文章得分为 18 分。 失分原因 (1)Because you really want to learn,you maybegin with some famous pieces.两个句子之间应该是条件关系,而不 是因果关系,因此将 Because 改为 If。 (2)表示“有,存在”时,应该用 there be 句型,而没有 there have 的结构,所以将文中第二段第一句话中的 had 改为 was;另外 give 应 该改为 giving,此处为现在分词作 crosstalk masters 的后置定语。 (3)由于文中第二段第四句话中的 since 1989 表示包括现在时间内, 因此句子应用现在完成时, 不能用过去完成时, 因此将 had 改为 has。

佳作欣赏
Dear Jack, I’m very glad to receive your email and know that you have a great interest in Chinese crosstalk.It is a very popular form of Chinese comedy today.Feng Gong,Niu Qun,Ding Guangquan are very popular crosstalk actors in China.Their performances are funny and amusing,but learning crosstalk is not an easy job.If you really want to learn,you may begin with some famous pieces.Try to listen to them again and again,and practice them until you can perform them smoothly.

You asked if there were any crosstalk masters giving lessons to foreigners.The answer is yes.Do you know Ding Guangquan ? He has been teaching this unique art to foreigners since 1989.He is always ready to teach foreign students.Mark Roswell, from Canada, known as Da Shan in Chinese is one of them.Many foreigners want to follow his example.So you can also learn crosstalk very well if you put your heart into it. Best wishes! Yours, Li Ming
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