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上海高三英语各区县2012二模试卷


2012 年高考模拟考试试卷
崇明县 Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that bes

t fits the context. It‘s hardly surprising that weather is a favorite topic for so many people around the world. It 50 where we choose to live, what we wear, our moods, and perhaps even our national features. A sunny day can lessen the deepest 51 , while very bad weather can destroy homes and threaten lives. The human race has always tried to 52 the weather, especially in areas of the world where there are many changes. Two popular traditional ways of predicting weather use pine cones(松果) and seaweed(海草). When the air has a high level of humidity(湿度), there is a higher chance of rain. When the humidity is low, there is more chance of 53 weather. Pine cones and seaweed feels dry when the humidity is low, 54 high humidity has the opposite effect. Today‘s methods of prediction increasingly depend on 55 . Satellites, balloons, ships, aircraft and weather centers with 56 equipments send data to computers. The data is then 57 , and the weather is predicted. However, 58 this system can not predict weather for longer than about a week. A recent study by an Australian scientist suggests that certain people may have a special 59 for predicting weather. However, it is 60 that these people could use their talent in another way, since the same group had a lot of success in predicting changes in another system—the stock market. It 61 that a study of weather may also enable scientists to predict the sudden 62 of a disease. An Ebola epidemic (a kind of disease) in Uganda in the year 2000 came after the same rare 63 conditions that had been present before a sudden spread of the disease 6 years earlier. Efforts to 64 the spread of air-borne diseases such as foot and mouth are also strongly dependent on favorable wind conditions. 50. A. shows B. affects C. predicts D. introduces 51. A. enjoyment B. sadness C. excitement D. laziness 52. A. guess B. use C. change D. improve 53. A. windy B. bad C. fine D. cold 54. A. when B. while C. although D. as 55. A. industry B. intelligence C. technology D. people 56. A. monitoring B. predicting C. shaping D. moving 57. A. used B. processed C. taught D. answered 58. A. also B. still C. only D. even 59. A. gift B. concern C. application D. liking 60. A. necessary B. easy C. unique D. possible 61. A. happens B. occurs C. appears D. estimates 62. A. start B. shift C. cure D. crash 63. A. living B. working C. health D. weather 64. A. encourage B. quicken C. limit D. shorten 50. B 60. D 51. B 61. C 52. A 62. A 53. C 63. D 54. B 64. C 55. C 56. A 57. B 58. D 59. A

长宁区 Drones are technically known as unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs. These aircrafts, however, are not just used for air strikes, and they are not just used by governments. Human rights activists, environmental groups and journalists are ___50___ using drones in their work. Drones can fly in the sky to ___51___ images that reporters may not be able to get close to on the ground. Matt Waite is a journalism professor at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Students in his Drone Journalism Lab are ___52___ different uses for drones in news reporting. Matt Waite says, ―Drone journalism as an idea is less than a year old at this point. The
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first____53___ I saw was a labor protest in Poland where a man had a remote-controlled helicopter and he put a camera on it, flew it up and got just a ___54___ of the protests from the air. And you could see police moving into position to ___55___ the protest route. A video on You Tube shows images captured by the so-called RoboKopter. A group of citizen journalists in Moscow used a ___56___ drone camera to record protests during Russian Parliamentary elections. Professor Waite noted a recent environmental case in the United States captured by someone flying his remote-controlled airplane. He said that the man ___57___ a meat packing plant that was polluting a nearby creek that ran into a nearby river. He had images of a ___58___ of blood flowing out of this meat packing plant, which was against the law. And environmental regulatory authorities were ___59___ to it. Andrew Sniderman is a co-founder of the Genocide Intervention Network. He wrote recently in the New York Times that drones could be used to collect important information in ___60___ areas, like Syria. Professor Waite also imagines many other uses for drones. He thought of every hurricane, tornado, fire and every kind of mass ___61___ that he ever covered as a journalist and thought that would be ___62___ to have it as a tool." Drone use in the United States is now rare ___63___ federal restrictions on airspace. However, Congress just passed a bill ___64___ to ease those restrictions by 2015. 50. A. increasingly 51. A. preserve 52. A. making 53. A. incident 54. A. point 55. A. block 56. A. familiar 57. A. built 58. A. drop 59. A. warned 60. A. controlled 61. A. disaster 62. A. terrible 63. A. in case of 64. A. paid B. carefully C. extraordinarily B. prohibit C. abandon B. exploring C. imagining B. advantage C. instance B. view C. look B. develop C. demand B. popular C. similar B. spotted C. protested B. sign C. stream B. banned C. proved B. remote C. polluted B. event C. disease B. amazing C. ridiculous B. for the sake of C. because of B. discussed C. assigned D. hopefully D. capture D. applying D. journalist D. solution D. avoid D. former D. managed D. collection D. alerted D. conflict D. argument D. interested D. in spite of D. designed

闸北区 Each stage of life has different major demands mainly because our needs change. As children, a period of deep uncertainty and sensitivity, 50 and family are the top needs although we may not think of them in those terms. As teenagers, we are 51 the waters of adult life, preparing ourselves for the exciting unknown and as young adults we search for a 52 . The drive to fulfil each stage is so strong that sometimes we have to hold the breath to 53 . At each stage, although everyone may 54 in dreams, we will all try to take hold of the means to achieve our particular dreams. Some will be driven with almost tunnel vision,
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others take a(n) 55 attitude to getting there. Anyway, without dreams it is hard to direct life. If you are fortunate enough to achieve your current dreams, you can move forward for 56 desires and prepare yourself for a new conquest. For each period of life the needs are decided by that stage, and as we grow older, whether we like it or not, we gain 57 , which, on the basis of former facts and information, permits us to see a broader view if we are wise enough to take on board what is there. As we mature, the sharpness of the 58 of youth, the black and white approach to life, will be tempered by what is possible, kind, just and fair. Ageing helps us to grow if we allow it. So often we 59 that process, holding on tightly to rooted beliefs which do not do us any favour, yet our needs change and in result we will 60 be different. Physically, even when we stay fit and able, the body cannot deliver in quite the same way as youth. This comes as a(n) 61 to most of us who start life in the belief that we are unbeatable and will live forever. Again, Coming to terms with this fact helps us to 62 anxiety, and finally realize the unexpected benefits which come along with 63 face and slowed body. What was important when we were young can be seen now in a new light, and a different list of importance emerges. In the end, extreme age can be as demanding and sensitive as babyhood, so while one's need changes through life, it seems to come 64 . 50. A. finance B. security C. marriage D. education 51. A. testing B. sharing C. changing D. setting 52. A. financial advisor B. childhood companion C. life partner D. household keeper 53. A. take action B. calm down C. look forward D. pay attention 54. A. believe B. persevere C. vary D. persist 55. A. easy B. random C. formal D. similar 56. A. noble B. fresh C. reasonable D. superior 57. A. experience B. responsibility C. respect D. agreement 58. A. individualism B. materialism C. idealism D. socialism 59. A. resist B. enjoy C. evolve D. strengthen 60. A. unexpectedly B. terribly C. comparatively D. necessarily 61. A. inquiry B. instinct C. refusal D. shock 62. A. worsen B. manage C. judge D. feel 63. A. wrinkled B. depressed C. impressive D. serious 64. A. with high requirements B. in full circle C. without difficulty D. on a large scale 杨浦区 Almost every country in the world has a higher HDI than in 1990, despite the fact that since the 2008 financial crisis the total number of people living in extreme 54 has increased. The report Concludes that most people are healthier, live longer, are more 55 , — and that even in countries with severe economic problems, people's health and education have generally 56 . Although sub-Saharan African countries are at the bottom of the pile 57 human development, some of them have made significant progress since 1990. The report is 58 , however, of the fact that economic inequality has increased significantly in the last twenty years, both within and between countries.
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The greatest threat to HDI in the future, according to the report, is climate change. The way to increase average income in a country is through economic growth, which means increased production and 59 . However, if this 60 to greater emissions (排放) of greenhouse gases, as has always been the case in the past, global warming will probably go faster, causing severe environmental problems in some parts of the world that will 61 the livelihoods of huge numbers of people. The progress of the last twenty years, 62 , might not be sustainable (可持续的). The only solution, according to the report, is to break the 63 between economic growth and greenhouse gas emissions — which, 64 to say, is easier said than done. 50. A. judge 51. A. based 52. A. Unexpectedly 53. A. variations 54. A. cruelty 55. A. talented 56. A. infected 57. A. to the extent of 58. A. critical 59. A. administration 60. A. objects 61. A. threaten 62. A. therefore 63. A. gap 64. A. fearless B. investigate B. focused B. Unwillingly B. experiments B. poverty B. disadvantaged B. ignored B. on account of B. proud B. consumption B. sticks B. maintain B. however B. record B. needless C. assess C. keen C. Unfortunately C. signs C. emotion C. determined C. improved C. for the sake of C. fond C. application C. leads C. concern C. otherwise C. law C. careless D. justify D. reflected D. Unsurprisingly D. mixtures D. terror D. educated D. impressed D. in terms of D. independent D. concentration D. turns D. guarantee D. nevertheless D. link D. hopeless

徐汇区 Today, there are many avenues open to those who wish to continue their education. However, nearly all require some __(50)__ in one‘s career in order to attend school full time. Part-time education, that is, attending school at night or for one weekend a month, tends to drag the __(51)__ out over time and puts the completion of a degree program out of reach of many people. __(52)__, such programs require a fixed time commitment which can also impact __(53)__ on one‘s career and family time. Of the many __(54)__ to teaching and learning, however, perhaps the most flexible and accommodating is that called distance learning. Distance learning is an educational method, which allows the students the __(55)__ to study at his or her own pace to achieve the __(56)__ goals, which are so necessary in today‘s world. The time required to study may be set aside at the student‘s convenience with due __(57)__ to all life‘s other requirements. Besides, the student may __(58)__ in distance learning courses from virtually any place in the world, while continuing to pursue their chosen career. Tutorial assistance may be __(59)__through regular airmail, telephone, fax machine, teleconferencing and over the Internet. Good distance learning programs are characterized by the inclusion of a subject __(60)__ tool with every subject. This precludes(排除) the requirement for a student to travel away from home to take a test. Another characteristic of a good distance-learning program is the __(61)__ of
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the distance-learning course with the same subject materials as those students taking the course on the home campus. The resultant diploma or degree should also be the same whether distance learning or on-campus study is employed. In the final analysis, a good distance learning program has a place not only for the __(62)__ students but also the corporation or business that wants to work in partnership with their employees for the educational benefit, professional development, and business growth of the organization. __(63)__ distance learning programs for their employees gives the business the advantage of retaining(保留) career-minded people while __(64)__ to their personal and professional growth through education. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. A. experience A. process A. Surprisingly A. appropriately A. complaints A. individuality A. professional A. desire A. enroll A. adequate A. registration A. demonstration A. distinguished A. Sponsoring A. objecting B. break B. progress B. Additionally B. reasonably B. attitudes B. responsibility B. academic B. ability B. evolve B. vacant B. participation B. equivalence B. outstanding B. Requiring B. responding C. interest C. property C. Fortunately C. negatively C. difficulties C. flexibility C. relevant C. regard C. enclose C. available C. investigation C. combination C. independent C. Indicating C. contributing D. change D. possibility D. Traditionally D. favorably D. approaches D. visibility D. separate D. account D. emerge D. reliable D. evaluation D. qualification D. individual D. Protesting D. adding

普陀区 One student skipped class and then sent the professor an e-mail(50)______for copies of her teaching notes. Another(51)______that she was late for a Monday class because she was recovering from drinking too much at a wild weekend party. At colleges and universities in the US, e-mail has made professors more approachable(平易 近人).But many say it has made them too accessible,(52)______boundaries that traditionally kept students at a healthy distance. These days, professors say, students seem to view them as available(53)______the clock, sending a steady stream of informal e-mails. “The tone that they take in e-mails is pretty astounding(令人吃惊的),” said Michael Kessler, an assistant dean at Georgetown University.“They’ll(54)______you to help:‘I need to know this.’ ” “There’s a fine(55)______between meeting their needs and at the same time maintaining a level of legitimacy(正统性)as an (56)______who is in charge.” Christopher Dede, a professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, said(57) ______show that students no longer defer to(听从)their professors, perhaps because they realize that professors’(58)______could rapidly become outdated.
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“The deference (听从)was driven by the (59)______that professors were all-knowing sources of deep knowledge,”Dede said, and that notion has(60)______. For junior faculty members(全体教师),e-mails bring new tension into their work, some say, as they struggle with how to (61) ______.Their job prospects, they realize, may rest in part on(依 赖) student evaluations of their accessibility. College students say e-mail makes(62)______easier to ask questions and helps them learn. But they seem unaware that what they write in e-mails could have negative effects(63) ______them, said Alexandra Lahav, and associate professor of Law at the University of Connecticut. She recalled an e-mail message from a student saying that he planned to miss class so he could play with his son. Professor Lahav did not respond. “Such e-mails can have consequences,” she said. “Students don’t understand that (64) ______they say in e-mail can make them seem unprofessional, and could result in a bad recommendation.” 50. A. providing B. offering C. supplying D. asking 51. A. complained B. argued C. explained D. believed 52. A. removing B. moving C. putting D. placing 53. A. about B. around C. at D. from 54. A. control B. shout C. order D. make 55. A. requirement B. contradiction C. tension D. balance 56. A. teacher B. instructor C. lecturer D. professor 57. A. e-mails B. passages C. texts D. books 58. A. technology B. expertise(专门知识) C. science D. imagination 59. A. tradition B. sense C. notion (观念) D. meaning 60. A. strengthened B. weakened C. reinforced D. consolidated 61. A. ask B. question C. respond D. request 62. A. him B. her C. you D. it 63. A. on B. against C. in D. about 64. A. this B. which C. that D. what 浦东新区 We must face the fact that there are many aspects of the information age. All information makes us anxious. Over some of these, we have little or no control. On the other hand, there are steps we can take to eliminate much of 50 . We might say, then, that survival in the information age is a challenging yet 51 task. To some extent, we are all receivers and givers of information. Our brain, however, receives and processes information in different ways. One way involves the amazing capacity of the brain to process information subconsciously. Another way involves 52 processing of information such as during conversation. We have a great deal of control over this type of information processing --- both as givers and receivers. If we indulge (任凭) ourselves talking about tiny things or even harmful information, valuable time and 53 can be wasted. Meanwhile this can make us and others anxious. You may lose opportunities to absorb and distribute information that is truly useful for 54 in this troubled world. Information gathered by reading is processed consciously and 55 takes longest. The
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written word is still the most powerful way of 56 imagination and conveying information, ideas, and concept. How can we 57 so much information from various sources, such as reading material, TV program, computer games, and other 58 activities? The answer is screening. Screening, sorting out or prioritizing what we need to hear, see, say or read may 59 much information anxiety. To cut through confusing information, 60 this basic rule: Keep it simple! The secret to processing information is narrowing your 61 of information. Simplicity is 62 in many Asian cultures and is even recognized in Western cultures as a superior way of living. Writer Duane Elgin 63 , “To live more simply is to live more purposefully and with a 64 of needless distraction.” 50. A. anxiety B. troubleC. interest D. curiosity 51. A. donating B. accomplishing C. rewarding D. searching 52. A. sensitive B. conscious C. unconscious D. reasonable 53. A. health B. wealth C. power D. energy 54. A. expanding B. surviving C. stretching D. bearing 55. A. hence B. however C. still D. yet 56. A. cooperating B. finding C. stimulating D. removing 57. A. think of B. deal with C. do with D. rule over 58. A. considerate B. professional C. humorous D. recreational 59. A. get rid of B. bring about C. break into D. come to 60. A. catch B. apply C. abandon D. offer 61. A. rank B. limit C. field D. lane 62. A. receivedB. supplied C. labeledD. recommended 63. A. opposed B. stated C. declined D. offered 64. A. minimum B. maximum C. quantity D. presence 闵行区 In business, there is a speed difference: It’s the difference between how important a firm’s leaders say speed is to their competitive strategy (策略) and how fast the company actually moves. The difference is important 51 . In our study of 343 businesses, the companies that chose to go, go, go to try to gain an edge ended with lower sales and operating income than those that sure they were on the right 54 53 52 at key moments to make . What’s more, the firms that “slowed down to 50 industry and company size. Companies fearful of losing their competitive advantage spend much time and money looking for ways to pick up the

” improved their top and bottom lines, averaging 40% higher sales and 52% higher 55 the laws of business, taking more time than competitors yet 56 about what “slower” and “faster” mean. Firms

operating income over a three-year period. How did they sometimes 57 performing better? They thought

to understand the difference between operation speed (moving quickly) and

strategic speed (reducing the time it takes to deliver value). Simply increasing the speed of production, for example, may be one way to try to reduce the speed difference. But that often
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leads to reduced value over time, in the form of lower-quality products and services. In our study, higher performing companies with strategic speed always made changes when it is 58 . They became more 59 to idea and discussion. They encouraged new ways of 60 , performance suffered at firms that 61 , stuck to tested methods, 62 . 64 take time to get things thinking. And they allowed time to look and learn.

moved fast all the time, paid too much attention to improving Strategic speed the top. 50. A. according to 51. A. profit 52. A. paused 53. A. situation 54. A. look on 55. A. learn 56. A. strangely 57. A. fail 58. A. convenient 59. A. alert 60. A. In short 61. A. welfare 62. A. qualities 63. A. serves as 64. A. temporarily B. regardless of B. product B. developed B. track B. keep up B. discover B. abstractly B. attempt B. necessary B. restless B. By contrast B. technology B. standards B. stands for B. extensively C. due to C. speed C. persevered C. occasion C. hold back C. disobey C. entirely C. pretend C. emergent C. open C. Above all C. efficiency C. competitors C. refers to C. naturally 63 a kind of leadership. Teams that

didn’t develop team spirit among their employees, and had little time thinking about

right are more successful in meeting their business goals. That kind of strategy must come from

D. instead of D. method D. engaged D. duty D. speed up D. prefer D. differently D. desire D. incredible D. specific D. All in all D. condition D. changes D. deals with D. regularly

静安(杨浦,宝山,青浦) During the initial stages of instructed L2 (the second language) acquisition students learn a couple thousand, mainly high frequency words. Functional language proficiency, however, __50__ mastery of a considerably large number of words. It is therefore __51__ at the intermediate and advanced stages of language acquisition to learn a large vocabulary in a short period of time. There is not enough time to __52__ the natural (largely incidental) L1 (the first language) word acquisition process. Incidental acquisition of the words is only possible up to a point, __53__, on account of their low frequency, they do not __54__ often enough in the L2 learning material. Acquisition of new words from authentic L2 reading texts by means of strategies such as contextual deduction(演绎) is also not a __55__ for a number of reasons. There appears to be no __56__to intentional learning of a great many new words in a relatively short period of time. The words to be learned may be __57__ in isolation or in context. Presentation in bilingual(双语的) word lists seems an __58__ shortcut because it takes less time than contextual presentation and yields excellent short term results. Long term memory, __59__, is often disappointing so contextual presentation seems advisable. Any suggestions on how to use this in educational contexts should be based on a systematic
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__60__ of the two most important aspects of the L2 word learning problem, this is to say, selecting the relevant vocabulary (which and how many words) and creating the best conditions for the acquisition process. This article sets out to __61__a computer assisted word acquisition programme (CAVOCA) which tries to do exactly this: the programme operationalises current theoretical thinking about word acquisition, and its __62__ are based on a systematic list of the vocabulary relevant for the target group. To __63__its frequency, the programme was __64__ in a number of experimental settings with a paired associated method of learning new words. The experimental results suggest that an approach combining the two methods is most advisable. 50. A. inquires B. requires 51. A. difficult B. easy 52. A. copy B. focus 53. A. however B. moreover 54. A. disturb B. seem 55. A. solution B. approach 56. A. official B. annual 57. A. predicted B. presented 58. A. available B. outstanding 59. A. by means of B. moreover 60. A. focus B. analysis 61. A. describe B. grasp 62. A. conclusions B. appointments 63. A. react B. establish 64. A. enhanced B. invented C. receives C. possible C. find C. because C. occur C. problem C. objective C. postponed C. attractive C. in spite of C. object C. link C. aspects C. memorize C. contrasted D. inspires D. necessary D. clean D. nevertheless D. disappear D. wonder D. alternative D. preferred D. evident D. however D. target D. force D. contents D. leave D. behaved

黄埔(嘉定) When I became an amputee at age 29, I was forced to rethink the idea of physical perfection. My life became different, as I changed from an acceptably attractive woman to an object of pity and __50__. Too busy __51__ physical pain and obvious mobility limitation, I was not aware of this change at first. I was determined to __52__, feeling good about the progress I had made, as I moved forward. __53__, as I made my first excursion outside the hospital, society had already assigned me a new status. Happy to be free of my restriction in the hospital, I rolled through the shopping mall – a __54__ survivor, feeling like a war hero. Unfortunately, I had a rude __55__ as I discovered that others did not view me in the way I had come to view myself. All eyes were upon me, yet no one dared to make eye contact. Their efforts to __56__ my eyes forced me to realize they saw only my missing legs. Mothers __57__ held their children closer as I passed. Elderly women patted me on the head saying, ―God Bless You!‖ with __58__ in their eyes. While I sat thinking about what had happened, a small girl came up to me. She stared with unembarrassed __59__ at the empty pants. Finding nothing there, she looked up at me with a puzzled look, she innocently asked, ―Lady, where did your legs go?‖ I explained that my legs had been sick. Since my legs hadn‘t been strong and healthy like hers, the doctors had to __60__ them. Leaning her head upwards, she asked, ―Did they go to ?Leg Heaven‘?‖ That incident made me think about how __61__ children and adults react to the unknown. To a child, an odd appearance is an interesting curiosity and a __62__ learning experience while
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adults often view the same thing with fear and horror. I began to realize that, I, too had been __63__ of the same inappropriate reactions before I knew what life was like for an amputee. To fulfill the wholeness of my mind and spirit, I now smile warmly, make eye contact, and speak in a confident manner. By using a __64__ approach, I attempt to enlighten society about the fact that having a not-so-perfect body doesn‘t mean having a poor quality of life. 50. A. comfort 51. A. crying with 52. A. endure 53. A. Instead 54. A. calm 55. A. awakening 56. A. turn 57. A. softly 58. A. pity 59. A. curiosity 60. A. lose 61. A. differently sympathetically 62. A. painful 63. A. conscious 64. A. creative B. fear B. figuring out B. quit B. Moreover B. poor B. ending B. hold B. protectively B. anger B. determination B. adjust B. positively B. potential B. guilty B. flexible C. hatred C. holding back C. revenge C. However C. proud C. happening C. catch C. reluctantly C. depression C. enthusiasm C. remove C. strangely C. similar C. ignorant C. positive D. sadness D. dealing with D. succeed D. Therefore D. rare D. proceeding D. avoid D. pleasantly D. upset D. satisfaction D. stretch D. D. common D. short D. scientific

虹口区 The past 20 years have produced great advances in technology and communications. 50 , people throughout the world have become ever more connected. The 51 link between the nations and people of the world is called globalization. It is a 52 that has changed ways of life around the world. Perhaps the biggest change in this process is the effect of globalization on commerce. In an effort to build a 53 economy, most nations of the world have embraced (拥抱) free trade. Free trade removes certain limits imposed (强加) on global commerce to make it easier for nations to exchange goods with one another. A 54 aim of this process is to aid poor nations and thus reduce 55 . Globalization has indeed increased trade throughout the world, but experts disagree about its effect on the poor. The debate about recent trends in global commerce is complex. Those 56 free trade in the global market point out that competition lowers prices. Its critics argue that, without controls, such a system often harms poor nations. To some extent, both are 57 . For example, in Jamaica, a country which imported milk from the United States and the 58 milk was cheaper than local milk, more poor people could drink milk and improve their nutrition. At the same time, the cheaper milk put 59 dairy farmers out of business. Perhaps this program caused as much harm as 60 . Those who support free trade in the global market do so for a number of reasons. Studies show that when a poor nation begins trading on the global level, it gains certain 61 . Its economy grows rapidly. Multinational companies set up factories, 62 jobs for people. Supporters claim that these factors reduce poverty and lessen the gap between the richest and poorest nations. They believe that the globalizing trend benefits the poor. Critics of unrestricted free trade question these conclusions. Although they 63 that
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the global market can offer growth and jobs to poor nations, they doubt that it reduces poverty. In fact, they cite (引述) studies which show that poverty has increased as a result of the global market. 64 , the gap between rich and poor nations is growing. Regardless of which side they are on, most experts believe that globalization has great potential to aid the poor. Both sides need to find a way to make it work. 50. A. In conclusion B. In particular C. As a result D. On the contrary 51. A. growing B. starting C. moving D. reducing 52. A. culture B. trend C. belief D. potential 53. A. regional B. national C. practical D. global 54. A. steadier B. further C. tougher D. stricter 55. A. profit B. conflict C. poverty D. expense 56. A. attracting B. altering C. opposing D. supporting 57. A. correct B. inevitable C. necessary D. effective 58. A. required B. produced C. imported D. exported 59. A. economical B. local C. traditional D. social 60. A. sacrifice B. satisfaction C. convenience D. good 61. A. benefits B. varieties C. opportunities D. budgets 62. A. influencing B. arranging C. providing D. applying 63. A. ensure B. assume C. argue D. agree 64. A. In addition B. First of all C. In that case D. On average 奉贤区 Is language, like food, a basic human need without which a child at a critical period of life can be 50 and damaged? Judging from an experiment in the thirteenth century, it may be. 51 , the Hoping to discover what language a child would speak if a baby heard no mother experimenter told the nurses to keep silent. All the of life 53 52 died before the first year. But clearly there was more than lack of language here. What was missing was good mothering. Without good mothering, in the first year , the capacity to survive is seriously affected. 54 , some children 55 to the Today no such severe lack exists as that ordered by the experimenter.

are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for this is that the mother is periods are neglected, the ideal time for hard once the 57 stage has passed. 56

signals of the infant, whose brain is programmed to learn language rapidly. If these sensitive skills passes and they might never be learned so easily again. A bird learns to sing and to fly rapidly at right time, but the process is slow and Experts suggest that speech stages are reached in a fixed sequence and at a but there are cases where speech has started speak simple words and understand simple 59 58 age,

in a child who eventually turns out to be

of high IQ. At twelve weeks a baby smiles and makes vowel-like sounds; at twelve months he can 60 ; at eighteen months he has a vocabulary of 61 grammar. 62 to speak. What is special
第 11 页

three to fifty words. At three he knows about 1,000 words which he can put into sentences, and at four his language differs from that of his parents in style Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the
崇明县 2012 届高考模拟试卷 高三英语

about man’s brain, compared with that of the monkey, is the complex system which enables a
共 13 页

child to even more

63 64

the sight and feel of, say, a toy-bear with the sound pattern “toy – bear”. And is the young brain’s ability to pick out an order in language from the mixture

of sound around him, to analyse, to combine and recombine the parts of a language in new ways. 50. A. constructed 51. A. sound 52. A. parents 53. A. randomly 54. A. Consequently 55. A. unfamiliar 56. A. acquiring 57. A. critical 58. A. pleasing 59. A. last 60. A. commands 61. A. or rather 62. A. inspiration 63. A. justify 64. A. unpredictable B. starved B. singing B. care-takers B. originally B. Nevertheless B. inaccessible B. practising B. temporary B. troublesome B. late B. necessities B. or else B. passion B. connect B. unbelievable C. spoiled C. educating C. infants C. greatly C. Theoretically C. insensitive C. occupying C. contemporary C. flexible C. early C. resolutions C. other than C. creativity C. oblige C. uncountable D. exhausted D. tongue D. investigators D. especially D. Fortunately D. unaccustomed D. seizing D. reasonable D. constant D. lately D. directions D. rather than D. capacity D. devote D. unbearable

崇明区. 50. B 60. D 51. B 61. C 52. A 62. A 53. C 63. D 54. B 64. C 55. C 56. A 57. B 58. D 59. A

长宁 50. A 51-55 DBCBA 56-60 CBCDD 61-64 ABCD 闸北区 50-54 BACBC 55-59 ABACA 60 - 64 DDBAB 杨浦区 50-64 徐汇 50-54 BABCD 55-59 CBCAC 60-64 DBDAC 普陀 50---64 DCABC DBABC BCDA D 浦东新区 50--64. ACBDB ACBDA BCDBA 闵行区 50. B 51. C 52. A 62. D 53. B 63. A 54. D 64. D 60—64 BADBC
高三英语 共 13 页 第 12 页

CADAB DCDAB GAADB

55. C

56. D

57. A

58. B

59. C

60. B 61. C 静安 50—54 BDACC

55—59 ADBCD

崇明县 2012 届高考模拟试卷

黄埔 50—54 BDDCC 虹口 50-64: CABDB 奉贤区 50—54 BDCDB CDACB 55—59 ADBAA DACDA 60—64 ADDBB 60—64 CABBC

55—59 CAADB

崇明县 2012 届高考模拟试卷

高三英语

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