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直接引语与间接引语(一) Microsoft Word 文档


语法学案 Direct Speech and Indirect Speech
(直接引语和间接引语及其二者的转化) (一)

1.定义和特征 2.如何变人称 4.如何变句型 5. 如何变祈使句 6. 时间状语和地点状语等的转化问题 1.定义和特征 A. 直 接 引 述 别 人 的 原 话 , 叫 通常都用 括起来。 B. 用自己的话把别人的话陈述出来

,叫 在多数情况下都构成一个

3.如何变时态

; ; 。 ( ) )

She says: "My brother wants to go with me."

She says (that) her brother wants to go with her. ( 2.如何变人称 规则:宾语从句中的人称要按照 做出 的变化 1. She says, “I am waiting for a bus.” → She says that she is waiting for a bus. 2. The cat says, “I like singing.” → The cat says that he likes singing. . 3. My father says, “I visited Jack and my uncle.” → My father says that he visited Jack and his uncle. Exercises: 1. They say, “We will see you. ” → 2.Sandy says to her friends:“I don?t like computers.” → 3. Betty says to Harry," I want to borrow your book.” → 4. “I haven?t brought my dictionary,” the girl says. →



1

3.如何变时态 A.如果 是______________时,_______改变引号内的______; 间接引语

B. 如果_______是______________时, 遵循以下原则: 直接引语(“ ”内的句子) 一般现在时 现在进行时 一般将来时 一般过去时 现在完成时 过去完成时 现在完成进行时 Exercises: 1.He says, “I open the window.” 2.He says, “I opened the window.” 3.They says,” Tom is doing his homework.” 4. “I ?m preparing my lessons,” she said. 5.They explained, “we are cleaning our classroom.” 6. He said to me,” Jane had spent all her time doing that.” C. 但是, 当直接引语中的谓语动词是一般过去时, 如果与一个_____ 的表示 (如 in 2008, last week 等) 连用, 在 变为间接引语时,可以____________。 My father said to me,” I read the book in 1993.” → My father told me that he read the book in 1993.” Lang Lang mentioned, “I was born in 1982 in Shenyang, China.”

2

D. 如果直接引语是 变为间接引语时, 时态 的 问题

,



等,

, 也就是说不需要考虑主句

1. The teacher says in class, “The moon moves around the earth.” The teacher says in class that the moon moves around the earth. 2. The teacher said in class, “The moon moves around the earth.” The teacher said in class that the moon moves around the earth. Exercises: 1. Mr. Li always tells us, “One plus one is two.” 2. Mr. Paul said to us, “Light travels faster than sound.” 3. He often told us in the past,” Where there is a will, there is a way.”

3


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