英 语 试 题
本试题卷共 12 页，81 题。全卷满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。
注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上，并将准考证号条 形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。 2
. 选 择题的作答：每小题选出答案后，用统一提供的 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案 标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。答在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。 3. 完成句子和短文写作题的作答：用统一提供的签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区 域内。答在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题 卡的整洁。考试结束后，请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
做题时，先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is th e shirt? A. ?19.15. 答案：B 1. What was the result? A. Italy won the game. B. France won the game. C. Both were winners. B. ?9.15. C. ?9.18.
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2. Where does the man think the keys are? A. In the woman?s purse. 3. What probably is the woman? A. A student. A. 9. 5. What does the man mean? A. The woman has got a lot of shoes. B. He will buy the woman a pair of shoes. C. The woman?s shoes match her new dress well. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题 中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What is the boy doing now? A. Reading. 7. What?s the mother doing now? A. Watching TV. A. The boy is untidy. B. Cooking. B. The boy is naughty. C. Doing some cleaning . C. The boy is diligent. 8. What can we infer from the dialogue? 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9、10 题。 9. Why does the man choose to bike to work? A. He works in a park near his home. B. He has no train to take near his home. C. He wants to do his part for the environment. 10. How long does it take the woman to go to work? A. Half an hour. B. An hour. C. Two hours. 听 第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What does the man think of the woman? A. She?s a little overweight. B. She?s too thin. C. She?s too heavy. 12. What did the woman want to do at first?
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B. In the woman?s car. B. A nurse. B. 10.
C. In the restaurant. C. A teacher. C. 13.
4. How many hours does the park open on Saturdays?
B. Watching TV.
C. Doing his homework.
A. Work out in a gym. A. They?re effective.
B. Go on a diet. B. They?re healthy.
C. Play tennis with the man. C. They?re useless.
13. What does the man think of most diets? 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Why does the woman want to resign? A. She doesn?t like full-time jobs. C. She is not satisfied with the pay. 15. When is help needed in the man?s restaurant? A. Only on weekdays. A. The woman got the job. C. The man let the woman be a trainee. 听第10段材料，回答第17至20题。 17. Where does the speaker most probably make the speech? A. At a family get-together. 18. What is Mr Brown? A. An assistant manager. A. In 1998. B. A clothing businessman. B. In 1989. C. A government official. C. In 1988. 19. When did the speaker start do business with Mr Brown? 20. Why are Mr Brown and his party coming to England? A. To visit some business partners. B. To pay an informal visit to some cities. C. To seek new opportunities for cooperation. B. At a reception. C. In a class. B. Only at weekends. C. Late in the week. B. The woman got a pay rise. 16. What is the result of the conversation? B. She needs more time for study.
第二部分：词汇知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节：多项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. Many people see the use of “dama” as the more influential its language is. A. evidence B. balance C. reference D. preference 22. If a young man wants the keep renting instead of buying a house. A. qualification 23. The school refuses to A. tolerate B. flexibility C. benefit D. privilege the student whose face was terribly burnt just because he B. represent
that the more advanced a country becomes,
to move to a different city in future years, he should
might scare others, as every child has the right to attend school. C. admit
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24. Market research company GFK conducted the study, which Americans actively enjoy their jobs, and 15% actively dislike them. A. exaggerated B. revealed C. recommended
that only 53% of D. contradicted
25. The food served in this restaurant especially dish is very healthy, made with limited fat and oil. A. appeals to co-operate. A. turned up any pressures of life. A. aggressive B. fragile B. took on B. adapts to
health-conscious eaters because each C. belongs to D. sees to
26. Though the scheme was well designed, it
because people were unwilling to C. broke down D. carried on that he couldn?t bear D. straight
27. Brought up by overprotective parents, the young man was so C. stubborn
28. As families move away from their A. comfortable B. temporary
community, their friends of many years, their C. stable D. precise free of D. mostly , choose good D. on the contrary
extended family relationships, the informal flow of information are cut off. 29. Young parents are advised to choose for their children natural foods chemicals to make sure of their health. A. rarely B. occasionally C. absolutely 30. We can be a smart shopper by choosing for value, not for looks; quality goods with plain packages. A. in particular B. in other words C. in addition
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Tony set off for home again without having eaten since, as usual, one of the older boys had taken his packed lunch. Angry and immediately. Then, a Having the wasp 35 33 31 , Tony rushed to the park, when he suddenly saw a wasp 32 him, making him get away from the roses 34 36 than : it （黄蜂） flying about among the rosebushes. It himself could frighten him like that? the insects for a while, he had a good understanding of the wasp?s 37 39 40 what his ?sting? could be. boy. No longer did he walk with his eyes fixed on was fear. A wasp could never a person, but everyone was so afraid of its sting that they left
came into his head: How is it that something so much
38 . So Tony spent that night 41
The next day, Tony seemed like a the ground, nor did he
nervously when people spoke to him. Instead, he became brave and
42 , ready to face up to anyone. The boy who stole his packed lunch that day ate so spicy a sausage
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sandwich that he older boy 44
crying and coughing. Never again did he rob Tony of his lunches. Another 45 and bravely. From you 48 from the 46 of his parents, his teacher, and the boy?s own mother, “ 47
to hit Tony, but this time Tony looked at the boy
memory, he told him the scene. The strategy
hit me I?ll call them, and you?ll be severely punished.” The boy turned around and
49 . So, in the end, Tony became like the wasp he?d seen. Without even 50 that no one would mess with him. C. frustrated C. rescued C. belief C. smarter C. watched C. choice C. fight C. by comparison C. regretting C. strange C. turn down C. cheerful C. ended up C. decided C. determinedly C. names C. Though C. sheltered C. survived C. concluded D. relaxed D. comforted D. view D.fiercer D. counted D. method D. please D. on end D. wondering D. rare D. look away D. sensitive D. cut down D. started D. carelessly D. changes D. Unless D. suffered D. worked D. foresaw
having to sting anyone, he frightened them, and 31. A. excited 32. A. scared 33. A. guess 34. A. smaller 35. A. collected 36. A. challenge 37. A. bite 38. A. in peace 39. A. remembering 40. A. different 41. A. turn back 42. A. confident 43. A. picked up 44. A. promised 45. A. cruelly 46. A. numbers 47. A. As 48. A. withdrew 49. A. improved 50. A. proved B. dissatisfied B. inspired B. thought B. bigger B. tested B. trick B. warn B. in silence B. doubting B. common B. look into B. reliable B. brought out B. threatened B. proudly B. feelings B. If B. recovered B. failed B. guaranteed
第三部分：阅读理解(共 20 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The man beside her looked familiar. She felt like she knew him. Then when he opened the book on his knees, she at once knew who he was.
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“Now, if anyone ever has a doubt regarding factorisation(因式分解), just once, read page number thirteen in your textbook. There would be no more doubt.” She smiled at the memory, remembering his patient, cool face. She recalled one by one, all the memories of her middle school Math teacher. He was a widower(寡夫), always looking sad. He looked tailor-made for a librarian, silent as his books, or a romantic poet, but a mathematics teacher was the last guess anyone could make about him. Oh, how they used to make fun of him, play tricks on him and laugh behind his back! He never laughed but smiled politely at everybody. Sometimes he would make silly mistakes on the blackboard, and then apologize as he erased it out. He always gave in to the girls? demands of shortening his class. His correction was always careless and merciful , and the middle school girls relied on this fact to pass through the hardest of mathematics exam papers. But she didn?t remember him for this. Long shiny hair and soulful big eyes. A tall, slim frame. His daughter. They had been best friends and always hung about together. She recalled eagerly all the fun they had in middle school, wild and carefree...until his daughter went down with pneumonia(肺炎). She could never forget the suddenness and the meaninglessness of it, the feeling of emptiness. After that, he looked even sadder. But, life went on. Now, after almost 25 years, sitting beside him, with a dirty city bus aisle between them, she gathered her courage and said, “Mr. Rao? I?m an old student of yours. You taught me in middle school.” He looked at her for a while. “I do not even seem to remember any student.” She knew he was lying. “I am sorry about your daughter.” There was a pause in their conversation, and it was filled with all kinds of noises. Then he spoke, looking away. “I do not need any sympathy. In fact, all my new students think I never had any kids.” He had a smile, but his eyes were sad. “Where do you work now?” she asked. “Future Generation High School.” She swallowed, in excitement. The school where her daughter studied. “Do you happen to know Jaya Kumari?” Something flashed across his face. Anyone else would consider the expression as recalling something. But she knew it was pain. Then his face was calm again. “No.” His answer was short. “Well, she is my daughter.” Her daughter was a topper, a gold medalist in the Math State Competitions. He was pretending. The bus stopped. She stood up and looked down at him. “I was your daughter ?s best friend. You must surely remember me...” “Excuse me,” he said, looking nervous. “I do not want this conversation. Someday, you?ll see that it is easier to bury the past.” He said, and went back to his graph. “Her loss was hard on me too,” she continued calmly. “I named my daughter after her.” 51. What does the underlined part mean? A. His dream was to be a poet. B. He wasn?t equal to teaching math. C. He didn?t look like a math teacher. D. He was silent and used to be a librarian.
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52. According to the passage, when the woman was in middle school, Mr. Rao was probably . A. soft-hearted B. irresponsible C. indifferent D. strict 53. The woman remembered his math teacher probably because ________. A. he was often made fun of by his students B. they both suffered the loss of loved ones C. he was handsome but always looked sad D. he taught well and was kind to girl students 54. The man refused to admit knowing the woman?s daughter because ________. A. he never recovered from his daughter ?s death. B. he hated discussing about his job after work. C. her daughter was not clever enough to stand out. D. the name of her daughter was not familiar to him.
According to a recent article in The Wall Street Journal, we might all be braggarts(大话王) in this competitive society addicted to social networking. Take a close look at your social-networking sites. Do you like to post photos of yourself in restaurants to show others what an exciting life you have? Or do you like to write about how happily in love you are? Or perhaps you are of the subtle type who constantly complain about jobs but really just want to impress others with your important position. According to the results of a series of experiments conducted by Harvard University neuroscientists（神经科学家）, the reward areas of our brain--the same areas that respond to “primary rewards” such as food --are activated when we talk about ourselves. We devote between 30 to 40 percent of our conversation time to doing just that. Unfortunately, Bernstein says, some people can?t tell the difference between sharing positive information that others might actually want to know and direct bragging. She suggests that bragging involves comparison, whether stated or implied. “We are expected to be perfect all the time. The result is that more and more people are carefully managing their online images”. says Elizabeth Bernstein, a columnist with the Wall Street Journal. But the issue is not limited to the Internet. In a fiercely competitive job market we must sell ourselves on multiple platforms and show that we are better than others. In fact, we have become so accustomed to bragging that we don?t even realize we are doing it, says Bernstein. This is harmful to our relationships and puts people off. Bernstein talked to some experts who said that people brag for all sorts of reasons: to appear worthy of attention; to prove to ourselves we are doing fine and that people who said we would fail are wrong; or simply because we?re excited when good things happen to us. “Feel sorry for them, because they?re doing this unconscious, destructive thing that won?t help them in the long run,” said Professor Simian Valier, a research psychologist at Washington University. 55. The underlined word “subtle” in Para.2 is closest in meaning to “ “. A. hidden B. apparent C. outstanding D. simple 56. Which of the following is one of the features of braggarts? A. They control conversation and only talk about themselves.
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B. They know well how to share positive information. C. They self-promote to stand out in their career. D. They don?t pay much attention to their online image. 57. What can we infer from the passage? A. Braggarts make a good first impression but the effect decreases over time. B. People who like bragging know what they are doing. C. Braggarts always adopt comparison directly to show they are excellent. D. They care much about the feelings of others when talking. 58. Which would be the best title for the passage? A. Are you a braggart? B. Society addicted to networking C. Why do we keep on bragging? D. How to deal with a braggart?
Password (密码) strength has been a topic about the Internet lately. I have seen lots of clever methods for generating and remembering strong passwords. Some are better than others, but in my opinion, none are adequate. Here?s the problem: It doesn?t matter how strong your passwords are if you use the same one on multiple sites. All it takes is for a site to get hacked(侵入), like Gawker media, or even Sony did, and now your super-strong password has been stolen, and every site on which you used that password has been accessed. So, the bottom line is that no matter how strong your passwords are, and no matter what clever tricks you use to help you remember them, if you surf internet often, the only truly secure password system is what you need. Enter LastPass. It?s not the only password manager out there, but I like it the best. You create ONE strong password that you have to memorize and use it to access your LastPass database. The LastPass database is stored online, on LastPass?s servers. LastPass recognizes the site you?re on and automatically logs you in (after, optionally, asking you to re-enter your master password). LastPass also has automatic form fill and automatic password generation. This means that you can have a different, unique, very strong password for every site you log into, but you only have to remember one master password. It?s the best of both worlds. One argument against LastPass is that if their database is attacked, then all of your sites are in danger, and that?s true, but given that their entire line of work is keeping that information safe, I?m willing to take that chance. The alternative is rolling dice(掷骰子) or picking phrases to create passwords, writing all of them down on a piece of paper or something, and then having to manually type them in when I go to a site. A terrible mess. There is a free version of LastPass, with some additional features unlocked if you pay a $12 a year subscription. — Joshua Bardwell 59. The writer thinks using the same password everywhere is . A. dangerous B. convenient C. appropriate D. adequate 60. When using Lastpass, users have to remember . A. all passwords used B. the last password
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C. unique password each time D. the master password only 61. Critics are against Lastpass because . A. they have better ways to create password B. they think rolling dice is more convenient C. they have no faith in Lastpass database?s safety D. Gawker media and Lastpass were hacked once 62. Joshua Bardwell writes the passage to . A. share his experience B. introduce a product of good quality C. advertise his product D. teach how to use a new product
While the presence of rats in homes may cause anxiety and annoyance, they rarely result in driving out the residents. But that is exactly what happened to the inhabitants of the 10-square-mile Hawadax Island off the coast of Alaska, almost 230 years ago. Now thanks to a five-year effort by scientists, the terribly silent “Rat Island” as it had been called for many years has been returned to its rightful owners -- birds! Hawadax Island is part of a chain of volcanic islands in the Bering Sea called the Aleutian Islands. The rats that arrived there in 1780, when a Japanese ship carrying them broke down nearby, completely destroyed the native population because the environment of the island was not built to defend its animals from these predators. There isn?t any tree on the Island, which meant that the birds were accustomed to building their nests low in the ground, giving the rodents(啮齿动物) easy access to both eggs and baby chicks. As years passed, the birds that had called the island home for thousands of years became endangered and eventually, disappeared completely. In 2007, the U.S. FWS (Fish and Wildlife Service) started a serious plan to rid the island of the rats and try bringing back the beautiful birds that had once called it home. Given that there were an estimated 10,000 rodents inhabiting “Rat Island” and the fact that they re-produce rapidly, it was not an easy task. But by 2009, the Island was officially declared rat free! Then slowly but surely, the birds began to return. Unfortunately, some of the pioneers were unintentionally killed from the leavings of the raticide, a poison that had been used to wipe out the rodents. But now it seems things are becoming more stable and the Island is starting to increasingly look like its former self. Before the transformation, “Hawadax”, also known as “Rat Island”, was a silent and ghostly place with bird bones, snail remains and rocks covered in rat feces(粪便). Today, birds? singing and flying in and out is a common sight. Tufted puffins and song sparrows, which had long disappeared, are gradually making their way back. Scientists have also been observing an increase in ground nesting and shorebirds. Though the Island is still not back to its full glory, the signs are encouraging and things can only get better, as time passes. 63. The underlined word “that”in Para.1 probably refers to ____.
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A. the presence of rats B. birds? being driven out C. birds? returning to the island D. residents? worrying about rats 64. Birds on Hawadax Island became an easy target because __________. A. this island was treeless B. they nested randomly C. they reproduced too rapidly D. their chicks were extremely weak 65. From the passage, we can know the plan of US FWS_______. A. has helped the island fully recovered B. cost little but benefited greatly C. involved poisoning the rats on a large scale D. accomplished its goal after exactly 24 months 66. Which would be the best title for the passage? A. FWS Help Get Rare Birds Back to Alaska Island B. Japanese Changed a Bird Paradise into Rat Island C. FWS Plan to Drive Rats Out Of Rat Island D. Alaska?s Rat Island Returns to a Bird Paradise
I lost my sight when I was four years old by falling off a box car in a goods yard in Atlantic City and landing on my head. Now I can dimly remember the brightness of sunshine and what color red is. It would be wonderful to see again, but a calamity （大灾难） can do strange things to people. It occurred to me the other day that I might not have come to love life as I do if I hadn?t been blind. I believe in life now. I am not so sure that I would have believed in it so deeply, otherwise. I don?t mean that I would prefer to go without my eyes. I simply mean that the loss of them made me appreciate the more what I had left. Life, I believe, asks a continuous series of adjustments to reality. In spite of the fact the adjustment is never easy, I had my parents and teachers to help. The hardest lesson I had to learn was to believe in myself. If I hadn?t been able to do that, I would have collapsed and become a chair rocker on the front porch for the rest of my life. When I say belief in myself I am not talking about simply the kind of self confidence that helps me down an unfamiliar staircase alone. That is part of it. But I mean something bigger than that: an assurance that I am, despite imperfections, a real, positive person; that there is a special place where I can make myself fit. It took me years to discover and strengthen this assurance. It had to start with the most elementary things. Once a man gave me an indoor baseball. I thought he was laughing at me and I was hurt. “I can?t use this.” I said. “Take it with you,” he urged me, “and roll it around.” The words
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stuck in my head. “Roll it around!” By rolling the ball I could hear where it went. This gave me an idea how to achieve a goal I had thought impossible: playing baseball. All my life I have set ahead of me a series of goals and then tried to reach them, one at a time. I had to learn my limitations. It was no good to try for something that I knew at the start was wildly out of reach because that only invited the bitterness of failure. I would fail sometimes anyway but on the average I made progress.
67. We can learn from the beginning of the passage that A. the author lost his sight because of a car crash B. the author wouldn?t love life if the calamity didn?t happen C. the calamity made the author appreciate what he had D. the calamity strengthened the author?s desire to see 68. What?s the most difficult thing for the author? A. How to adjust himself to reality B. Building up assurance that he can find his place in life C. Learning to manage his life alone D. To find a special work that suits the author
69. For the author, the baseball and encouragement offered by the man A. hurt the author?s feeling B. made the author puzzled C. directly led to the change of the author?s career D. inspired the author 70. According to the passage, the author .
A. set goals for himself but only invited failure most of the time B. thought that nothing was impossible for him C. was discouraged from trying something out of reach for fear of failure D. suggested not trying something beyond one?s ability at the beginning
第四部分：书面表达(共两节，满分 50 分)
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第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列各小题，根据汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答案写在答 题卡上的相应题号后。 71. Central government jobs generous benefits. (describe) 政府部门的工作因其稳定的收入和优厚的福利经常被描述为”金饭碗”。 72. A dog is the only thing on earth 狗狗是世界上唯一爱你胜过爱自己的动物。 than he loves himself. (love) “golden rice bowl” for their stable income and
73. Lucy might not attend our fancy party for she is said ______________ a famous actor. (interview) 露西可能来不了我们的化妆舞会了。据说她正采访一个著名演员呢。 74. I try to understand expects. (it) 我想弄明白到底是什么使这么多的美国人不像人们认为的那样幸福。 75. Hardly the airport when he was spotted by his fans. (reach) prevents so many Americans from being as happy as one
杰克刚到机场就被他的粉丝认出来了。 76. The 43-year-old says that is the unpredictability of the waves. (make)
这位 43 岁的人说使这项运动如此刺激的就是海浪的不可预测性。 77. Don?t worry. It?s a storm in a teacup. Everyone 别担心，这不过是茶杯里掀风浪，到明天大家会忘记这事. 78. that air pollution is an extremely serious problem, so the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it. (deny) 无可否认，空气污染是一个极其严重的问题，城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。 79. Angelina Jolie knows that were her mother still alive, she (proud)
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about it by tomorrow. (forget)
安吉丽娜· 朱莉知道如果母亲仍然活着，那她就会为她的成就感到骄傲。 80. ________________hurriedly, the speech was handed in to the teacher. (complete) 匆匆完成后，演讲稿被交给了老师。 第二节：短文写作（共 1 题；满分 30 分） 请根据以下提示，并结合事例，用英语写一篇短文。 Failure comes from lack of efforts rather than lack of ability. 注意：①无须写标题，不得照抄英语提示语； ②除诗歌外，文体不限； ③内容必须结合你生活中的一个事例； ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ⑤词数不少于 120，如引用提示语则不计入总词数。
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