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2014新目标八年级英语下册Unit10 I've had this bike for three yearsA1


Yard sale庭院旧货出售 这是国外的一种风俗,也是一种独特的售货方式。人 们利用周末,将家中搁置不用的物件,放在自家庭院 中廉价出售,因而被称作yard sale,也可译作“家庭 拍卖会”。 庭院售卖的物品种类繁多,大到家具,电器,小到玩 具,衣物和鞋帽。这些物品虽多数为二手家什,但也 有全新的物品,且价格合理公道, 甚至还可讨价还价。正是这种低廉, 公道的价格及买家淘

宝和碰大运的心 理,使得yard sale广受欢迎,逐渐演 变成一种独特的文化现象。

toy bear 玩具熊

bread maker面包机

scarf n. 围巾 复数为:scarves

soft toys 毛绒玩具

board games 棋类游戏

1a Look at the things at the yard sale. Do you have any of these things at home? How long have you had them?

toy tiger toy lion toy bear Do you have them at home? How long have you had the …? I have had …for …years./since …years ago. for+时间段;since+过去的时间点, 是现在完成时的标志词。

lamp

old books

cup

How long have you had the …? I have had …for …years./since …years ago.

magazine

cap

vase

How long have you had the …? I have had …for …years./since …years ago.

sweater

dress

scarf

How long have you had the …? I have had …for …years./since …years ago.

1b Listen and check (√) the facts you hear.
√ Jeff’s family is having a yard sale. _____ _____ √ Amy thinks it’s hard to sell her old things. _____ Jeff has had his bike for more than 10 years. _____ Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories. _____ You can also give old things away to people √ in need.

1c Practice the conversation. Then make conversations about other things in the picture on page 73.

A: This is a really old book. B: Yes, I’ve had it for seven years. I’ve read it three times. A: Why are you selling it? B: Because I don’t read it anymore. A: How much is it? B: You can have it for 75 cents.

anymore也可写作any more, 常用于否定 句末尾, 表示“再也(不); (不)再”。相 当于not …any longer。 e.g. You can have it, for I don’t need it anymore. The doctor told me not to play computer games anymore.

2a Listen and check ( ) the things Amy’s family are giving away and circle the things they are keeping.

book magazine toy bear toy lion toy tiger bread maker sweater dress hat scarf

2b Listen again and fill in the blanks.

1. Amy has had her favorite ______ book for three years. 2. Amy has had the boy _____ bear since she was a ______. baby 3. Amy’s mom has had the old bread for more than _____ 10 years. 4. Amy can give away the _______ sweater and ______ dress because they do not fit her anymore.

Listen again and choose the correct answers.

1. Amy wants to give away the _____. B A. book B. magazine C. bear D. hat 2. Why does the bear has special meaning to Amy? A. Because her father bought it for her. B. Because her Grandpa bought for her. C. Because her Grandma bought for her. C

3. Where can Amy take these things? A. A the children’s home B. the old people’s home C. the teachers’ home

2c Students A is Amy’s mom. Student B is Amy. Make conversations.

A: Amy, can we give away these soft toys? B: Mom, I want to keep the bear. A: Why? It’s so old. B: Because I’ve had it since I was a baby.

2d Role-play the conversation.
Linda: Welcome to Sunshine Home for Children. I’m Linda. Amy: Hi, I’m Amy. I have some things for the kids. I’ve had this magazine for a coupe of months. The stories inside may be a bit old, but they’re still interesting. Linda: Great! Many children here love reading. Amy: And check out these soft toys and board games for younger kids. I’ve had them since I was a child. There’s also a sweater and a dress.

Linda: Perfect! We always need toys and clothes. Amy: One last thing is a bread maker. My mom’s had it for a long time but it still works. Linda: Thanks so much!

1. -- How long have you had that bike there? -- I have had it for three years.
how long, how soon, how often, how far How long 多久, 多长(时间)。对时间段提 问, 如: for+时间段;since+过去的时间点。 e.g. --How long have you worked in Beijing? --For five years.

How soon多久以后。对“in+时间段提问, 常 用于一般将来时”, 其答语常用“in+时间 段”。 e.g. --How soon will Mr. Li be back? --In a week. How often 多久一次, 对频率提问, 其答语 为: once (twice/…)+时间段, always, usually 等。 e.g. --How often do you exercise? --Once a day.

How far 多远,对距离提问,其答语是 表距离的内容。 e.g. --How far is it from here to your school? --Three kilometers.

for其后只能接表示“一段时间”的名词性 短 语,可用于多种时态,表示动作或状态持 续时间段长短。 e.g. I have lived in this city for five years. 我在这座城市居住了5年了。 He usually sleeps for twelve hours every day. 他通常每天睡12个小时。

since其后接表示“时间点”的短语或从句(过 去时),也可以接“一段时间+ago”,常用于完 成时态;还用于句型:“It is +时间段+since+ 一般过去时的句子”, 表示过去某个时间发生 并持续到说话时的动作或状态。 e.g. It is two years since I came to China. 自从我到中国以来已经两年了。 She has worked here for five years.=She has worked here since five years ago. 她在这儿工作5年了。

2. Jeff’s family is having a yard sale. sale用作名词,意为“出售,销售”。on sale意为“出售,上市”;for sale意为 “待 售,供出售”,尤指从主人手里出售。 e.g. Chickens are on sale in the market. 小鸡在市场上出售。 I’m sorry, it’s not for sale. 抱歉,它不出售。

3. Amy thinks it’s hard to sell her old things. 艾米认为卖掉她的旧东西很难。 It’s +adj. (+for sb.) to do sth.意为“(对某 人来说)做某事是……的”,it 是形式主 语,真正主语是后面的动词不定式。 e.g. It’s important for us to learn English well. 学好英语对于我们来说是很重要的。

4. Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories. 艾米想保留她的旧东西,因为它们勾起她 的甜蜜回忆。 memory 作名词意为“记忆;回忆”,复 数形式为memories,动词为memorize,意 为“记忆,背诵”。 e.g. She has a good memory. 她记忆力好。

5. I’ve had this magazine for a couple of months. 这本杂志我买了几个月了。 a couple of 表示具体的数量“两个”,指 两个相同的人或物体; 表示数量不定的 “少数几个”,作这种虚指的用法时,具 体意思往往视上下文和具体的语境而决定。 e.g. You have to wait for a couple of hours for the clothes to dry completely. 你得等 上一两个小时让这些衣服完全晾干。

6. The stories inside may be a bit old, but they’re still interesting. a bit 意为“一点儿, 稍微”, 修饰形容 词 或副词, 相当于a little; a bit of +不可 数名词, a little直接加不可数名词。 e.g. There is a bit of/a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有点儿水。

not a bit =not at all 意为“一点也不” not a little =very 意为“非常” e.g. She is not a bit happy. 她一点儿也不快乐。 He is not a little tired. =He is very tired. 他非常累。

7. And check out these soft toys and board games for younger kids. check 用作及物动词, 意为“检查, 审查”; check out 意为“察看,观察”。 e.g. If you finish it, check it by yourself first. 如果你完成了,就自己先检查一下。 Check out all the books for children. 察看一下所有的儿童书籍。 check还可用作名词,意为“支票, 账单”。

1. -- __ C have you been married? -- For twenty years. A. How far B. How often C. How long D. How soon 2. If you sit in a chair ____ D a long time, your back may begin to hurt. A. at B. in C. on D. for

3. -- I often have hamburgers for lunch. -- You’d better not. It’s bad for you ____ B too much junk food. A. eat B. to eat C. eating D. ate

Write a conversation according to 2c.


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