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2012年《优化课堂》英语人教版必修二 unit 1:section ⅳ writing


Section Ⅳ

Writing

原句1

Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, could never have
imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an

amazing history.普鲁士国王腓特烈· 威廉一世绝不可能想 到他送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼会有这样一段令人惊讶的历史。

点评 这个长句是由三个简单句合并而成: ①Frederick William Ⅰ was the King of Prussia.

②Frederick William Ⅰ could never have imagined it.
③His greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. 合并之第一步:句③是句②中的代词 it 指代的内容,作句 ②中谓语动词 imagine 的宾语,故可用宾语从句将它们合并。 合并之第二步:句①和句②主语相同,可以合并,并将句 ①转化为同位语结构:Frederick William Ⅰ,the King of Prussia。

仿写 ①我们的英语老师王老师绝不可能想到我们会在她生日时
给她一个这么大的惊喜。 Miss Wang, our English teacher, could never have imagined __________________________________________________ that we would give her so big a surprise on her birthday. __________________________________________________ ②这家餐厅的老板史密斯先生从未告诉过他的员工他会放 弃这家餐厅。 Mr.Smith, the boss of this restaurant, never told his staff that __________________________________________________ he would give it up. __________________________________________________

原句2 There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for K? nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. 毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡,当时德国 在波罗的海边的一个城市。 点评 这个长句是由三个简单句合并而成: ①There is no doubt. ②The boxes were then put on a train for K? nigsberg. ③K? nigsberg was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. 合并之第一步:句③是对句②中的 K? nigsberg 的说明,故 可用非限制性定语从句将这两句合并。 合并之第二步:句②是句①中 doubt 的具体内容,可用同 位语从句将它们合并。

仿写 ①毫无疑问,他以他的母校为傲,它是一所有着百年历史 的名校。 (提示:以??为傲 be proud of) There is no doubt that he is proud of his school, which is a __________________________________________________ famous school with a history of about one hundred years. __________________________________________________ ②毫无疑问,他们中的大部分人都会选择去参观“广州 塔”,它很漂亮而且是广州的新地标。(提示:地标 landmark) There is no doubt that most of them will choose to visit Guangzhou __________________________________________________

Tower, which is beautiful and the new landmark of Guangzhou. __________________________________________________

文化遗产 本单元出现的相关词汇: rare (adj.稀罕的;稀有的;珍贵的), valuable (adj.贵重的; 有价值的), vase (n.花瓶;瓶), design (n. & vt.设计), fancy (adj.奇 特的;异样的), decorate (v.装饰), dynasty (n.朝代;王朝), museum (n.博物馆), fact (n.事实), wooden (adj.木制的), worth (prep.值得 的;相当于??的价值 n.价值;作用), local (adj.本地的;当 地的), painting (n.绘画;画), castle (n.城堡), a cultural relic (一处 文化遗产), belong to (属于), think highly of (看重;器重)

本单元出现的相关句式:
1.There is no doubt that...毫无疑问?? 2.I don't agree that...我不同意?? 3.Nor do I think...我也不认为?? 4.So I think that...因此我认为??

关于文化遗产的写作常以讨论/辩论报告的形式出现。讨论 /辩论报告是高中英语常见的写作形式之一,也是高考中常见的 书面表达考查形式之一。它要求学生针对某一话题陈述正反两

方面的观点,最后得出结论或表明自己的观点,考查的是学生
的思辨能力和语言表达能力。

① Recently, many Chinese lost ancient treasures, including beautiful and meaningful paintings, sculptures and porcelains, have been bought back at surprisingly high prices by some rich Chinese people, which raises a heated debate among common people. ②Many people agree with these buyers because they believe it necessary to collect and study the treasures created and passed down by our ancestors by ourselves.And as our country's comprehensive power has grown up, we are able to buy the lost ancient treasures back.

③However, others are not for the idea because they say the

prices are unreasonably high.What's more, many of the lost
treasures went abroad through illegal ways. ④That means buying them back at high prices may encourage the illegal behavior, which would damage our ancient treasures' protection in return.
⑤Personally, I think we should pay more attention to our lost
ancient treasures, especially those that are of historical significance.

⑥But I think it's the government that should take the responsibility to make our lost ancient treasures return through official ways.

结构分析: 第一段:直接点明引发争论的议题及参与讨论者。 第二段:列出正方观点及支持的理由。 第三段:列出反方观点及反对的理由。 第四段:表明个人观点。

亮点点评: 1.使用了定语从句,如句①④⑤。

2.使用了 because 引导的原因状语从句,如句②③。
3.使用了宾语从句,如句④⑤。

4.使用了强调句,如句⑥。
5.使用了大量过渡词,如 recently, however, what's more, 使文章过渡自然,结构更严谨。 6.使用了大量的高级词汇,如 raise a heated debate, agree with, be for, in return, take the responsibility to 等。

在写有关文化遗产的讨论/辩论报告时,应注意以下几点: 1.文体:讨论/辩论报告在文体上属于议论文,写作时要 符合议论文的特点,注意论点和论据之间的逻辑性以及不同论

据之间的层次性。 2.时态:讨论/辩论报告一般情况下使用一般现在时。
3.结构: 第一部分:开门见山,点明争辩的主题以及参与者;

第二、三部分:分别列举正、反方观点及其理由;
第四部分:得出结论或发表自己的见解、观点。

必背词汇 culture (n.文化), build (v.建造), rebuild (v.重建), treasure (n. 财宝;珍品 vt.珍爱;珍惜), civilization (n.文明), history (n.历史), ruins (n. 废墟), protect (vt. 保护), ancient (adj. 古代的), date back (回溯至)

常用句式 1.开篇常用句式: We had a heated discussion about... 我们针对??进行了一

次热烈的讨论。 Opinions about...are divided/different. 关于??的观点有分
歧。 Opinions vary from person to person.每个人的观点都不同。 Different people have different opinions/views/ideas. 不 同 的 人有不同的观点。

2.表达观点的常用句式:

(1)表示赞同
Some/Others think/believe/argue that... Some are in favour of... Most of them support it... 40% of the students are for it... Those who are in favour of...claim that...

(2)表示反对
Others are against... Some object to... Half of them hold a different view/opinion.Those who are opposed to...hold that...

(3)表达自己的观点 In my opinion/view, ... Personally, ... As far as I'm concerned, ... As for me, ... From my personal angle alone, ... From my personal point of view, ...

3.列举理由的常用句式
Firstly...Secondly...Thirdly...第一??第二??第三?? For one thing...for another...一方面??另一方面?? In the first place...Secondly...Last but not least... 首先??第 二??最后也是很重要的是??

【小试牛刀】 假设你班最近就圆明园是否重建开展了一场讨论,同学们

观点有分歧,各自理由主要如下表所示。请你根据表格提供的
讨论情况写一篇英语报道。
赞同 1.重建该园辉煌景象; 2.中华文明具体体现; 3.旅游新景点; 4.如部分恢复,可与废墟对照,让人们记住历史。 1.保留原样更为合理; 2.警示人们不忘过去; 3.其他建筑同样反映中华文化(如故宫、颐和园等) ,重建并非必须; 4.破坏该地生态环境。

反对

你的看法 ……

[写作内容] 1.赞成方的理由;

2.反对方的理由;
3.你的看法。

[写作要求]
1.只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容; 2.报道的开头已经给出,不计入总句数。 参考词汇:体现 reflect;对照 comparison; 故宫 Palace Museum;颐和园 Summer Palace

Should Yuanmingyuan Be Rebuilt? Yuanmingyuan, “Garden of all gardens”, was burnt and fell into ruins in 1860.Recently my classmates had a discussion about

whether it should be rebuilt or not.
__________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

参考范文: Should Yuanmingyuan Be Rebuilt? Yuanmingyuan, “Garden of all gardens”, was burnt and fell

into ruins in 1860.Recently my classmates had a discussion about
whether it should be rebuilt or not. Supporters of rebuilding the garden say only by doing so can we see the original sight of the garden, which reflects the Chinese civilization.If partly rebuilt, it will not only be another place of

interest for tourists but also provide a comparison and help us
remember the history.

Those who disagree think it more reasonable to keep the garden like this so that the ruins can remind us that we should

never forget the history.Other buildings like Palace Museum and
Summer Palace can also be symbols of the Chinese culture, so it isn't necessary to rebuild it and they also worry that the environment will be destroyed when the construction goes on in this district.

Personally, to respect the history, I think we'd better not
rebuild Yuanmingyuan and try our best to protect what remains as a cultural relic.


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