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Unit1,Book1 Anne'sbestfriend Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or wou

ld not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her bestfriend. Annie lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so they had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, "I don't want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my best friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty." Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942. Dearkitty, I wonder if it's because I haven't been able to be outdoors for so long that I've grown crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound.ThatchangedsinceIwashere. For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn't dare open a window. Another time five months ago, I happened to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. I didn't go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face... ...Sadly... I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It's no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing thatreallymustbeexperienced. Yours, Anne Unit2 TheroadtomodernEnglish At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people speak English. Nearly all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second, or a foreign languagethaneverbefore. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don't speak the same kind ofEnglish.Lookatthisexample: BritishBetty:Wouldyouliketoseemyflat? AmericanAmy:Yes.I'dliketocomeuptoyourapartment. So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different

from the English we spoke today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who rules England spoke first Danish and later French. These new settlers enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600's Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English begantobespokeninbothcountries. Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote the American Dictionary of the English language. The latter gave a separate identitytoAmericanEnglishspelling. English now is spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its ownidentity?Onlytimewilltell. StandardEnglishanddialects ....When people use words and expressions different from the "standard language", it is called a dialect. ..... American English has so many dialects because people have come fromallovertheworld. Geography also plays a part in making dialects. Some people who live in mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect......Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other's dialects. Unit3 JourneydowntheMekong My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike then she persuaded me to buy one. Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming. They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries. Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling too. After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. I asked my sister, "Where are we going?" It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. Now she is planning our schedule for the trip. I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming. She can be really stubborn. Although she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. Now I know that the proper way is always her way. I kept asking her, "When are we leaving and when are we

coming back?" I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet. Of course she hadn't; my sister doesn't care about details. So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province. She gave me a determined look- the kind that said she would not change her mind. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience. I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can changeit.Finally,Ihadtogivein. Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library. We found a large atlas with good maps that showed details of world geography. From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. At first the river is small and the water is clear and cold. Then it begins to move quickly. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, traveling across western Yunnan Province. Sometimes the river becomes a waterfall and enrers wide valleys. We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China. After it leaves China and high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown and warm. As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows. At last, the river delta enters theSouthChinaSea. Part2 ...Along the way children dressed in long wool coats stopped to look at us. In the late afternoon we found it was so cold that our water bottles froze. However, the lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked wonderful. Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She is very reliable and I knew I didn't need to encourage her. To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised by the view. We seemed to be able to see for miles. At one point we were so high that we found ourselves cycling through clouds. Then we began going down the hills. It was great fun especially as it gradually became much warmer. .... In the early evening we always stop to make camp. We put up our tent and then we eat. After supper Wang Wei put her head down on her pillow and went to sleep but I stayed awake. At midnight the sky became clearer and the stars grew brighter. It was so quiet. There was almost no wind---only the flames of our fire for company. As I lay beneath the stars I thought about how far we had already travelled. We will reach Dali in Yunnan Province soon, where our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will join us. We can hardly wait to see them! Unit 4 A night the earth didn't sleep Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pig were too nervous to eat. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their bowls

and ponds. At about 3:00 am on July 28, 1976, some people saw bright lights in the sky. The sounds of planes could be heard outside the city of Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky. In the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night. At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed as if the world was at an end! Eleven kilometers directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century had begun. It was felt in Beijing, which is more than two hundred kilometers away. One-third of the nation felt it. A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. The suffering of the people was extreme. Two-third of them died or were injured during the earthquake. Thousands of families were killed and many children were left without parents. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400.000. But how could the survivors believe it was natural? Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. All of the city's hospitals, 75%of its factories and buildings and 90%of its homes were gone. Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, however, could blow them away. Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for travelling. The railway tracks were now useless pieces of steel. Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again. Half a million pigs and millions of chickens were dead. Sand now filled the wells instead of water. People were shocked. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. More buildings fell down. Water, food, and electricity were hard to get. People began to wonder how long the disaster would last. All hope was not lost. Soon after the quakes, the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands of people were helped. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. Slowly, the city began to breathe again. Unit 5 Elias' story My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went to for advice. He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful. I needed his help because I had very little education. I began school at six. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. I had to leave because my family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or write well. After trying hard, I got a job in a gold mine.

However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. Sadly I did not have it because I was not born there, and I worried about whether I would become out of work. The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. He told me how to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. I became more hopeful about my future. I never forgot how kind Mandela was. When he organized the ANC Youth League, I joined it as soon as I could. He said: "The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all." It was the truth. Black people could not vote or choose their leaders. They could not get the jobs they wanted. The parts of town in which they had to live were decided by white people. The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. No one could grow food there. In fact as Nelson Mandela said: "...we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. We chose to attack the laws. We first broke the law in a way which was peaceful; when this was not allowed...only then did we decide to answer violence with violence." As a matter of fact, I do not like violence...but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings. It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put in prison. But I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal. The rest of Elias' story You cannot imagine how the name of Robben Island made us afraid. It was a prison from which no one can escape. There I spent the hardest time of my life. But when I got there Nelson Mandela was also there and he helped me. Mr Mandela began a school for those of us who had little learning. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. We read books under our blankets and use anything we could find to make candles to do that. Later, Mr Mandela allowed the prison guards to join us. He said they should not be stopped from studying for their degrees. They were not cleverer than me, but they did pass their exams. So I knew I could get a degree too. That made me feel good about myself. When I finished the four years in prison, I went to find a job. Since I was better educated, I got a job working in an office. However, the police found out and told my boss that I had been in prison for blowing up government buildings. So I lost my job. I did not work again for twenty years until Mr Mandela and the ANC came to power in 1994. All that time my wife and children had to beg for food and help from relatives or friends. Luckily Mr Mandela remembered me and gave me a job taking tourists around my old prison on Robben Island. I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. All the terror and fear of that time came back to me. I remembered the beatings and the cruelty of the guards and my friends who had died. I felt I would not be able to do it, but my family encouraged me. They

said that the job and the pay from the new South African government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the blacks. So now at 51 I am proud to show visitors over the prison, for I helped to make our people free in their own land.

第一单元 友谊 Reading 安妮最好的朋友
你是不是想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?或者你是不是担心你的 朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮·弗兰克想要的是第一种类型 的朋友,于是她就把日记当成了她最好的朋友。 安妮在第二次世界大战期间 住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人,所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否 则他们就会被德国纳粹抓去。 她和她的家人躲藏了两年之后才被发现。 在这段 时间里,她唯一的忠实朋友就是她的日记了。她说,“我不愿像大多数人那样 在日记中记流水账。 我要把这本日记当作我的朋友, 我要把我这个朋友称作基 蒂”。现在,来看看安妮在藏身处躲了一年多之后的那种心情吧。

1944 年 6 月 15 日 星期四 亲爱的基蒂: 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无 法出门的缘故, 我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。 我记得非常清 楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自 从我来到这里,这一切都变了。 ……比方说,有天晚上天气很暖和,我熬到 11 点半故意不睡觉,为的是独自好好看看月亮。但是因为月光太亮了,我不 敢打开窗户。还有一次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是 开着的。我一直等到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。漆黑的夜晚,风吹雨打,雷 电交加,我全然被这种力量镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚…… 你 的 安妮 Using Language Reading, listening and writing 亲 爱的王小姐: 我同班上的同学有件麻烦事。我跟我们班里的一位男同学一直 相处很好,我们常常一起做家庭作业,而且很乐意相互帮助。我们成了非常好 的朋友。可是,其他同学却开始在背后议论起来,他们说我和这位男同学在谈 恋爱,这使我很生气。我不想中断这段友谊,但是我又讨厌人家背后说闲话。 我该怎么办呢?

莉萨 Reading and writing 尊敬的编辑: 我是苏州高中的一名学生。 我有一个难题, 我不太善于同人们交际。 虽然我的确试着去跟班上的同学交谈, 但是我还是发现很难跟他们成为好朋友。因此,有时候我感到十分孤独。我确 实想改变这种现状,但是我却不知道该怎么办。如果您能给我提些建议,我会 非常感激的。 晓东 第二单元 世界上的英语 Reading 通向 通向现代英语之路 16 世纪末期 大约有 5 百万到 7 百万人说英语,几乎所有这些人都生活在英国。在 17 世 纪英国人开始往世界其它地区迁移。于是,许多别的国家开始说英语了。如今 说英语的人比以往任何时候更多了, 他们有的是作为第一语言来说, 有的是作 为第二语言或外语。中国也许是把英语作为外语来说的人数最多的国家。 以 英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以互相交流。然而, 他们可能不是什么都懂。比方说,一个英国人可能对她的朋友说:“请到我的 公寓 (flat) 里来坐坐, 好吗?”她的一位美国朋友可能会问她, “到哪儿去?” 她的加拿大朋友可能会解释说,“她的意思是要我们到她的房间(apartmen t)去。” 那么,英语在一段时间里为什么会起变化呢?当不同文化互相沟通 时,所有的语言都会发生变化。从公元 450 年到 1150 年,人们所说的英语 跟今天所说的英语就很不一样。 实际上, 当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础的, 而现代英语不是。然后大约在公元 1150 年到 1500 年期间,英语的变化就 更大了,它不那么像德语,而更像法语了,因为那时的英国的统治者讲法语, 它变得更接近你们正在学习的这种语言。在 17 世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量 比以前任何时期都大。英语用法发生了一次大变化,那就是在诺厄·韦伯斯特 编纂《美国英语词典》的那个时期,这本词典体现了美国英语的特色。后来, 有些英国人到了澳大利亚,那里的人也开始说英语了。如今,澳大利亚英语也 有它自己的特色了。 英语在南亚也被当作外语或第二语言来使用。印度拥有 众多讲英语的人,这是因为英国于 1765 年到 1947 年统治过印度。在此期 间,英语成了政府和教育的语言。在非洲和亚洲许多其它国家,比如南非、新

加坡、马来西亚等国,人们也说英语。在中国,大约从 1842 年起,香港就开 始用英语了。 目前在中国学习英语的人数正在迅速增长。 中国英语将来会不会 成为世界英语中的一种呢?这只好由时间来回答了。 Using Language Re ading and talking 什么是标准英语?是在英国、美国、加拿大、澳大利 亚、印度、新西兰所说的英语吗?信不信由你, (世界上)没有什么标准英语。 许多人认为, 电视和收音机里所说的就是标准英语, 这是因为在早期的电台节 目里,人们期望新闻播音员所说的英语是最好的英语。然而,即使在电视和收 音机里,你也会听出人们在说话时的差异。 当人们用不同于“标准语言”的词 语时, 那就叫做方言。 美国英语有许多方言, 特别是中西部和南部地区的方言, 以及黑人和西班牙人的方言。 在美国有些地区, 相邻城镇的两地人所说的方言 都可能稍有不同。 美国英语之所以有这么多的方言是因为美国人是来自世界各 地的缘故。 地理位置对方言的产生也有影响。住在美国东部山区的某些人说 着比较古老的英语方言。 当美国人从一个地方搬到另一个地方时, 他们也就把 他们的方言随着带去了。 因此, 美国东南部山区的人同美国西北部的人所说的 方言就几乎相同。美国是一个大国,国内说着许许多多的方言。虽然许多美国 人经常在搬家,但是他们仍然能够辨别彼此的方言。 第三单元 游记 Reading 沿湄公河而下的旅程 第一部分 梦想与计划 我 的名字叫王坤。 从高中起, 我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想作一次伟大的自行车旅 行。到大学毕业时,我们终于有了机会。首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑 车旅游的是我的姐姐。她喜欢在乡下作长途自行车旅行。两年前,她买了一辆 价钱昂贵的山地自行车,然后她还说服我也买了一辆(山地车)。去年她(骑 车)去看望了我们的表兄弟——在昆明读大学的刀卫和宇航。他们是傣族人, 在云南省西部靠近澜沧江的地方长大,湄公河在中国境内的这一段叫澜沧江, 在其他国家 (境内) 叫湄公河。 很快, 王薇使表兄弟也对骑车旅游产生了兴趣。 王薇有时确实很固执。尽管她对到某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持 我们要找到河的源头,并从那里开始我们的行程。她告诉我,她要把这次旅游 安排得尽善尽美。于是,我就知道这个尽善尽美的方式总是她的方式。我问她 是否看过地图。当然她并没有看过——我的姐姐是不会考虑细节的。于是,我

告诉她,湄公河的源头在青海省。她给了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明 她是不会改变主意的。我说,我们的旅行将从 5, 000 多米的高地出发,这 时她似乎显得很兴奋。 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄, 呼吸困难, 而且天气很冷时, 她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。我非常了解我的姐姐,她一旦下了决心,什么 也不能使她改变。最后,我只好让步了。 在我们旅行前的几个月,王薇和我 去了图书馆。我们找到一本大型地图册,里面有一些世界地理的明细图。我老 是问她,“我们什么时候动身?什么时候回来?”我们从图上可以看到,湄公 河发源于西藏一座山上的冰川。起初,江面很小,河水清澈而冷冽,然后它开 始快速流动。它穿过深谷时就变成了急流,流经云南西部。有时,这条江进入 宽阔的峡谷,就形成了瀑布。我们俩惊奇地发现这条河有一半是在中国境内。 当流出中国, 流出高地之后, 湄公河就变宽了, 变暖了, 河水也变成了黄褐色。 而当它进入东南亚以后,河水慢慢地穿过小山和低谷,以及长着稻谷的平原。 最后,湄公河三角洲的各支流流入中国南海。 Using Language Reading and speaking 夜晚的西藏山景 第二部分 山中一宿 虽然是秋天,但是 西藏已经开始下雪了。我们感到腿又沉又冷,还以为腿结成冰了呢。你看到过 雪人骑自行车吗?像往常一样, 王薇在我的前面, 我知道我用不着给她鼓劲儿。 上山很艰难,而下山却很好玩。等我们到达山谷,天气就暖和多了,我们不得 不把帽子、外衣、手套和长裤换成 T 恤衫和短裤。然后,当我们到达较冷的 高地时,我们又得换衣服。刚到傍晚,我们就停下来宿营,先把帐篷支起来, 然后吃饭。晚饭后,王薇就去睡觉了,而我却睡不着。半夜里,天空变得清朗 了,星星很亮。山里非常安静——那天晚上几乎没有风,只有篝火的声音。我 们已经走得很远了,马上就要到达云南的大理。在那里,我们的表兄弟刀卫和 宇航将加入我们的行列。我们迫不及待地想要见到他们! 四单元 地震 Reading 地球的一个不眠之夜 河北省东北部的农村不断有 些怪事发生:三天来,村子里的井水升升降降,起起伏伏。农夫注意到,水井 的井壁上有深深的裂缝,裂缝里冒出臭气。农家大院里的鸡, 甚至猪都紧张 得不吃食。老鼠从田地里跑出来找地方藏身。鱼缸和池塘里的鱼会往外跳。1

976 年 7 月 28 日凌晨 3 点左右,人们看到天上一道道明亮的光。即使天空 没有飞机,在唐山城外也可以听到飞机声。在市内,有些建筑物里的水管爆裂 开来。但是,唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上 照常上床睡觉了。 凌晨 3 点 42 分,一切都开始摇晃起来。世界似乎到了末 日!二十世纪最大的一次地震就在唐山市正下方 11 公里处发生了,100 公里 以外的北京市都听到了地震声,全国 1 / 3 的地方都有震感。一条 8 公里长 30 米宽的巨大裂缝横穿房舍、马路和渠道。地上一些洞穴冒出了蒸气。石头 山变成了泥沙河,在可怕的 15 秒钟内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之中。 2/3 的人在地震中死去或受伤。成千上万个完整的家庭遇难,许许多多的孩 子变成了孤儿。死伤的人数达到 40 多万。 幸存的人们又怎么能相信这是自 然现象呢?人们无论朝哪里看,哪里的一切都几乎被毁了。所有的市内医院、 75%的工厂和建筑物、 90%的家园都消失了。 残砖就像秋天的红叶覆盖着大地, 然而它们是不可能被风刮走的。 两座大坝垮了, 多数桥梁不是塌了就是无法安 全通行了。铁轨如今成了一条条废钢。好几万头牛再也挤不出奶来。50 万头 猪和几百万只鸡全都死了。井里满是沙子,而不是水。人们惊呆了。接着,在 下午晚些时候, 又一次强烈的地震震撼着唐山。 有些医生和救援人员被困在废 墟下面。更多的房屋倒塌了。水、电和食物都很难弄到。人们开始纳闷,这场 灾难还会持续多久。 不是所有的希望都破灭了。部队派了 15 万名战士到唐 山来协助救援人员,数十万的人得到了援助。救援人员组成小分队,将受困的 人们挖出来,将死者掩埋。在唐山市的北边,有一个万名矿工的煤矿,其中多 数人得救了。援救人员为那些家园被毁的幸存者盖起了避难所,用火车、卡车 和飞机向市内运来了水。慢慢地、慢慢地,这座城市又开始出现了生机。 Us ing Language Reading, writing and speaking 200( )年 7 月 5 日 中国唐山市政府办公室 亲爱的同学: 恭喜你!我们很高兴地告诉你, 你在以新唐山为主题的中学演讲比赛中获得第一名。 评委会的五位评委听了你 的演讲, 他们都认为你的那篇是今年收到的演讲稿中最好的一篇。 你的父母亲

和你的学校应该为你而骄傲! 下个月我们市将开放一个新公园,以纪念在那 次可怕的灾难中死去的人们,并向那些曾经为幸存者提供过帮助的人们致敬。 我们办公室想请你在 7 月 28 日上午 11 点给来公园的参观者进行演讲。你知 道,二十( )年前的这一天正是唐山发生地震的日子。 在这个特殊的日子 里,我们邀请你把家人和朋友一起带来。 张沙 第五单元 纳尔逊·曼德拉——一位当代英雄 Reading 伊莱亚斯的故事 我的 名字叫伊莱亚斯。我是南非的一个穷苦的黑人工人。第一次见到纳尔逊·曼德 拉的时候,是我一生中非常艰难的时期。当时我才 12 岁,那是在 1952 年, 他开设了一家黑人律师事务所,为那些遇到麻烦的穷苦黑人提供咨询服务。 我六岁开始上学,我仅仅在那里读了两年的学校有三公里远。我不得不辍学, 因为我的家庭无法继续支付学费和交通费。 我既不会读, 也不会写。 几经周折, 我才在一家金矿找到一份工作。 那个时候你要想住在约翰内斯堡就非得要有身 份证不可。非常遗憾的是我没有这个证件,因为我不是在那里出生的,我很担 心我是不是会失业。 那天,纳尔逊·曼德拉告诉我该怎么做,而且还帮我的 忙,这是我一生中最高兴的日子。他告诉我要在约翰内斯堡立住脚,应当如何 获取所需文件。 我永远也忘记不了他对我的恩情, 当他组织了非国大青年联盟 时,我马上就参加了这个组织。他说:“过去 30 年来所出现的大量法律剥夺 我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天,我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有 的阶段。” 他说的是真话。当时黑人没有选举权,他们无权选择管理他们的 人。他们在城里的住宅区都是由白人决定的。他们不能做自己想要做的工作。 他们被打发去居住的地方是南非最贫穷的地区。在那儿,没有人能够种庄稼。 事实上,就像拉尔逊·曼德拉所说的: “……我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我 们被迫接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。我们选择向法律进攻。首先 我们用和平的方式来破坏法律,而当这种方式也得不到允许时,……只有到这 个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。” 事实上,我并不喜欢暴力,但是在 1 963 年的时候,我帮助他炸毁了一些政府大楼。那是很危险的事情,因为如 果我被抓住了,可能就要坐几年牢。但是,我乐于帮忙,因为我知道,这是为

了实现我们的黑人和白人平等的梦想。 Using Language Reading 伊莱 亚斯的故事续篇 你无法想象罗本岛这个名字听起来多么令我们恐惧。那是一 座任何人也逃不出去的监狱。 在那里我度过了我一生中最艰难的岁月。 但是我 到那里时,纳尔逊·曼德拉也在那儿。从某种意义上讲,这倒帮了我的忙。曼 德拉先生为我们那些几乎没有上过学的人开办学校。 他在午餐后的休息时间以 及晚上本来该睡觉的时间教我们学习。 我们躲在毯子下面读书, 我们用可以找 到的任何东西作蜡烛来看书。我成了一名好学生,想要为我的学位而学习,但 是别人不允许我这样做。我知道我是够聪明的,并且有能力拿到学位。曼德拉 先生让狱卒参加我们一起学习。 他说他们不应该被剥夺学习的权利。 他们并不 比我更聪明,却通过了考试,因此我就知道我也能够拿到学位。这让我觉得自 己还不错。 在监狱里呆完四年之后,我去找工作。因为我受过比较好的教育, 我得到了一份坐办公室的工作。 可是警察局发现了, 告诉了我们那个行业的重 要人物,说我因为炸政府大楼而坐过牢。于是我失业了。在曼德拉和非国大于 1994 年掌权之前,我有 20 年没有工作。在此期间,我的妻儿只得从亲戚朋 友处讨饭吃,并乞求帮助。幸亏曼德拉先生还记得我,给了我一份工作,叫我 带着旅行团去参观罗本岛上我住过的那座旧监狱。第一次给旅行团作讲解时, 我的心情很不好。 我回忆起那时所有的恐怖和令人畏惧的情景。 我记起了狱卒 的鞭打和暴行,我想到了我那些死去的朋友,我觉得我不能做这份(导游的) 工作。 但是我的家人却鼓励我, 他们说, 从南非新政府得到的这份工作和薪饷, 是我毕生为争取黑人的平等权利而斗争所得到的回报。现在,我 51 岁了,我 还能给参观者介绍有关监狱的情况, 对此我感到非常骄傲, 因为我曾经为黑人 在自己的国土上争取自由而出过力。



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