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高中英语必修 5(北师大版)Unit 13 People 知识点总结 一、重点词汇 gifted · 原文再现 You are a gifted student who always gets A in exams, but you have just found out you got a C in arecent

test. 你是一个有天赋的学生,总是在考试中得 A, 但是在近期的一次 考试中发现得了 C。 · 基本用法 gifted adj. 有天赋的,有天资的; 有才华的

Martin Gatt is a gifted pianist. 马丁盖特是个有才华的钢琴家。 · 知识拓展 相关单词 gift n. 礼物;天赋;赠品

have a gift /talent for...有...的天赋 He has a gift for foreign languages.


他有外语天才。 Mother has a gift for making guests feel free at home. 母亲有使客人觉得无拘无束的才能。 This child has a gift for painting. 这个小孩子有绘画方面的天赋。 相关短语 be gifted in 在...方面有天赋 be gifted with 天生......

He was gifted with a good voice. 他天生一个好嗓子。 He was gifted in music. 他在音乐上有天才。 draw up · 原文再现 Draw up an agenda and discuss it with the group. 起草一个议事议程并与小组一起讨论。 · 基本用法 draw up 起草,草拟;制定;停下来


A taxi drew up in front of the house. 一辆出租汽车在房子前面停了下来。 He drew up a brief for his speech. 他起草了一份讲话的摘要。 The police drew up a blacklist of wanted terrorists. 警方拟就一份通缉恐怖分子的黑名单。 predict · 原文再现 Supported by his academic research, Professor Salovey

suggests that when predicting someone's future success, their character, as measured by EQ tests, might actually matter more than their IQ. 萨洛维教授在他学术研究的基础上提出, 在预测一个人未来的成 功时, 他们的性格---通过情商测验来 衡量----也许比其智商更为重要。 · 基本用法 predict vt. 预言,预测

You can never predict what would happen next. 谁也无法预料接着会发生什么事。


It is difficult to predict his reaction because he is so moody. 他如此喜怒无常,所以很难预知其反应如何。 · 知识拓展 相关句型/结构 predict that... 预测.... 被预测做某事

be predicted to do sth.

It is ridiculous to predict that the sun will not rise tomorrow. 预言明天太阳将不升起是荒唐可笑的。 Car usage is predicted to increase. 汽车的使用率预计会增长。

词义辨析:forecast/foretell/predict/foresee 这些动词均含“预言,预示,预告”之意。 forecast 指对未来事件的预报、推测或设想,侧重最终可能出现 的结果(一般是比较大的东西的预测,weather forecast,economy forecast。)


predict 是预测,一般是有科学根据的,而且我觉得一般用在小 的东西上。 foretell:预言; foresee 指提前、预先料到将要发生的事或指对未发生的事情形 成一种概念或判断。 academic

· 原文再现 Supported by his academic research, Professor Salovey suggests that when predicting someone's futuresuccess, their character, as measured by EQ tests, might actually matter more than their IQ. 萨洛维教授在他学术研究的基础上提出, 在预测一个人未来的成 功时, 他们的性格---通过情商测验来 衡量----也许比其智商更为重要。 · 基本用法 academic adj. 学术的;理论的;学院的 academy The new academic year is coming. 新学年就要来了。


Her academic achievements shamed her brothers. 她的学术成就使她的兄弟们相形见绌。 She pushed her son to pursue an academic career. 她督促儿子从事学术。 He has no interest in academic questions. 他对纯理论问题毫无兴趣。 · 知识拓展--相关短语 academic thesis 学术论文 academic freedom 学术自由 deserve · 原文再现 For example, have you ever wondered why some of the smartest students in your class, who you thinkdeserve good grades, sometimes end up failing exams? 例如,你是否有过这样的困惑:为什么班里有些你认为应该得到 好分数的最聪明的学生有时却考试不及格? · 基本用法 deserve vt. 应得,值得;应受


He did not deserve such fortune. 他不配得到这种好运气。 I'm sure I don't deserve so much praise. 我肯定自己不值得这么多赞扬。 · 知识拓展--相关短语 deserve sth. 应受,应得.....

deserve to do sth. 值得做...... deserve doing sth.(主动表被动)=deserve to be done 得被做.... You've been working all morning---you deserve a rest. 你已经干了一个上午了,该休息一下了。 Steven deserved to be punished for his behavior.=Steven deserved punishing for his behavior. 史蒂文的表现应该受到惩罚。 He certainly deserved to be sent to prison. 他的确应该被送去坐监牢。 They deserved to be well treated. 对他们应好好相待。 值


failure · 原文再现 Perhaps their failure is because of their low EQ. 他们的失败也许是因为他们的情商低。 · 基本用法 failure n. 失败; 失败者;破产;故障

He felt miserable about his failure. 他对自己的失败感到悲哀。 It was evident that the policy was a failure. 显然这项政策是失败的。 The new restaurant was a failure and soon closed. 那家新饭店经营无方,不久便关了门。

· 知识拓展 相关单词 fail v 失败;不及格;破产;缺乏;衰退;使失望

He failed many times, but he did not lose heart. 他失败了许多次,但他并没有失去信心。


The brake failed and the car ran into a lamp-post. 刹车失灵了,汽车撞在灯柱上了。 Is your eyesight failing recently? 你近来视力有所变差吗?

相关用法 failure 通常作不可数名词,但在具体表示“失败的人或事、失 败的次数”时,为可数名词。类似的词还 success, comfort, relief 等。 如: Their marriage was a failure and they both wanted to be free of it. 他们的婚姻是个失败,他们两个都想得到解脱。 mistaken · 原文再现 People are often mistaken in thinking that those with high IQs always have high EQs as well. 人们经常错误的认为高智商的人总是拥有高情商。 · 基本用法



adj. 错误的; 弄错的;被误解的

v 弄错

(mistake 的过去分词) You must have mistaken her for her sister. 你一定是把她误认为是她的姊妹了。 I must have mistaken your meaning/what you meant. 我一定误会了你的意思。 Kindness is easily mistaken for love. 善意很容易被误解为爱情。 · 知识拓展--相关单词 mistake n. 错误;误会;过失

Tom must have taken your dictionary by mistake. 汤姆一定是弄错了才拿了你的字典。 He is blind to his own mistakes. 他看不见自己的错误。 We all made mistakes with carelessness. 我们都因粗心犯了错误。 association · 原文再现


This association can exist, but it is just as possible for someone with a low IQ to have a high EQ or high IQ to have a low EQ. 这种联系可能存在,但是一个低智商的人有高情商或者一个高智 商的人有低情商也是有可能的。 · 基本用法 association n. 联想;协会;联盟;社团 someone with a

I benefited a lot from my association with him. 我与他交往获益良多。 Have you joined the teachers' association? 你加入教师协会了吗? Mr Jack is on the books of the Football Association. 杰克逊先生是足球协会的会员。 · 知识拓展 其他词性 associate associated 相关短语 v. 联想,联系;交往,结交;联合 adj. 有关联的,相关的


be associated with... I associated with him in business. 我过去和他合伙经商。 She associated happiness with having money. 她把幸福和有钱联想到一起。 possibility · 原文再现 Some are trying to study the possibility of improving a person's EQ, especially in terms of "people understanding and communication. 一些人正试图研究提高情商的可能性, 特别是“人际技能”方面, 例如:理解和沟通。 · 基本用法 possibility n. 可能性;可能发生的事物 skills",such as

There is a good possibility of rain tonight. 今晚很可能要下雨。 Life on other planets is a possibility. 其他行星上有生命是可能的。


· 知识拓展--相关句型/结构 There is a possibility that...有可能.... There is no possibility that... 没有可能.... There is no possibility of doing sth.(做)某事没有可能 There is no possibility of his coming. 他不可能来。 thus · 原文再现 On the other hand, there is little doubt that people with low EQs often have problems getting on with other people and dealing with difficult situations; Thus they have a harder time surviving in life. 另一方面, 毫无疑问的是低情商的人在于别人相处和处理困难形 式时经常有问题, 因此会生活得比较艰难。 · 基本用法 thus adv. 如此;因此;从而;这样 (thus 用作副词时

位置较为灵活。在句中对动词的时态和语态没有任何影响,其用法及 意义与 therefore 差不多)


It has been thus and will continue to be so. 事情一直是这样,并将继续这样下去。 He didn't work hard. Thus he was fired. 他工作不努力,因此被解雇。 He described the whole accident thus and thus. 他如此这般地描绘了整个事故的发生经过。 It was already rather late, thus we decided to urge the customer. 已经相当晚了,所以我们决定催促客户。 accuse · 原文再现 The man was accused of stealing money. He was brought to court. 这个人被指控偷钱。他被送到了法庭。 · 基本用法 accuse v. 控告;谴责;指控;归咎于

Make sure of your facts before you accuse him. 在指责他以前要把材料核实一下。


How dare you accuse me of lying! 你怎敢谴责我说谎! · 知识拓展--相关句型/结构 accuse sb of sth. 指控某人某事 Tom accused her of cheating in the exam. be accused as... 作为....而被控告 Shylock does not accuse me of anything. 夏洛克并没有指控我任何东西。 He was accused of stealing money. 他被指控偷钱。 entirely · 原文再现 And the fact that it might be possible to raise EQs means that school need to make sure that their students are receiving the education they really

need, and know that their futures are not entirely determined by their IQs. 情商是可以提高的这一事实意味着学校需要保证学生接受他们真 正需要的教育,并且知道他们的未来


并不全是由智商决定的。 · 基本用法 entirely adv. 完全地;彻底地

You mistook my meaning entirely. 你完全误解了我的意思。 His opinion differs entirely from mine. 他的意见和我的完全不同。 · 知识拓展--相关单词 entire entirety adj. 整个的,完全的 n. 全部,整体

It took us an entire week to finish painting the home. 它花去了我们整整一星期的时间才把房子粉刷好。 The entire village was destroyed. 整个村子被毁。 independent · 原文再现 Jackie is an independent dolphin trainer. 杰克是一个有主见的海豚训练师。


· 基本用法 independent adj. 独立的;单独的;无党派的;不受约束的

She's very independent and lives all alone. 她自食其力,独自生活。 One third of votes went to the independent candidate. 三分之一的选票被这位无党派候选人得了。 You should learn to be independent of your parents. 你应该学习不要依赖父母。 · 知识拓展 相关短语 independence n. 独立

be independent from/of... 脱离于..., 不受...的影响 gain independence from...从...获得独立 depend on 依赖..依靠... it/that depends 相关单词:depend sharp · 原文再现 视情况而定 v. 依赖,依靠


A person with a sharp mind is able to think and understand things very quickly. 头脑敏锐的人能够非常迅速地思考并理解事物。 · 基本用法 sharp adj. 敏锐的,锋利的,尖的;急剧的;刺耳的

It was very sharp of you to have noticed that. 你注意到了这一点是够机灵的。 I cut my finger on a sharp stone. 我的手指被一块锋利的石头划破了。 That woman has a very sharp tongue. 那个女人说话非常尖刻。 A sharp knife makes a clean cut. 快刀切得整齐。 · 知识拓展 相关单词 sharply adv. 剧烈地;锐利地 sharpen vt.

The snowstorm caused traffic to fall away sharply. 暴风雪使车辆行人大大减少。


相关短语 a sharp eye sharp bends 目光敏锐 急转弯

a sharp knife/pencil 锋利的刀子/尖铅笔 a sharp drop in prices 价格的骤降 characteristic · 原文再现 What characteristics do the students think that tour guides should have? 学生认为导游应该具备什么样的特点? · 基本用法 characteristic n. 特点;特性;特色;特质

He spoke with characteristic enthusiasm. 他以特有的热情说话。 Her characteristic is honesty. 她的特点是诚实。 She has Asiatic characteristics. 她具有亚洲人的特点。


What characteristics distinguish the Americans from the Canadians? 美国人和加拿大人的特点有什么不同? · 知识拓展--词义辨析: character/characteristic/quality/feature 这些名词均有“特性、特点、品质”之意。 feature: 指事物突出引人注目的特点。 多用来说明人的容貌特征 或地理特征。 characteristic: 指某人或某物天生有别于他人或他物的内部特 质或外表特征。 character: 多指一类人或事物所具有的独特的典型的特征。 quality: 最普通用词,既可指有形或无形的特性,又可指个性或 共性的特征。 desire · 基本用法 desire n.& v. 渴望,欲望; 要求,心愿;希望得到

They had little desire for wealth/to get rich. 他们对财富/致富无大欲望。 I have long desired to meet them.


我一直渴望见到他们。 She desired to marry a rich man. 她很想嫁个富翁。 · 知识拓展--相关句型/结构 desire sth. 渴望... 渴望做... 希望某人做某事 希望...

desire to do sth. desire sb to do sth.

desire that....( should ) do... have a desire to do sth. have a desire for sth.

渴望做... 对...渴望

He has a genuine desire to help us. 他真心诚意地愿意帮助我们。 It is obvious that they have no desire for peace. 很显然,他们没有和平的愿望。 Mr. Wang desired that we should wait a moment. 王老师请求我们稍等片刻。 satisfaction ·基本用法


satisfaction n. 满意;满足;乐事 I think these shoes will give satisfaction. 我想这些鞋子一定会符合顾客的要求。 He smiled in satisfaction when he won the race. 他赢得赛跑后满意地笑了。 The success brought him great satisfaction. 成功给他带来极大的快慰。

·知识拓展 相关单词 satisfy v. 使满意 satisfied adj. 满足的,满意的 satisfying adj. 令人满意的 It is by no means easy to satisfy everyone. 要满足每一个人绝非易事。 I am not at all satisfied with this book. 我对这本书一点也不满意。 The story had a satisfying ending.


那个故事结局很圆满。 相关短语 show satisfaction with 对...感到满意满足 to one's satisfaction 令某人满意的是 in/with satisfaction 满意地 be satisfied with 对...感到满意

satisfy/meet sb.'s need /requirement 满足某人的需求 requirement · 基本用法 requirement n. 要求;必要条件;必需品

Please let us know in case of further requirement. 如有进一步的需求,请通知我们。 The requirement was news to him. 这种要求对他是新闻。 Your work does not come up to the requirements. 你的工作不符合要求。 We must train students to meet these requirements. 我们必须按照这些要求来培养学生。


· 知识拓展 相关单词 require v. 要求;需要;命令

The job does not require any formal training. 做这种工作不需要任何正规训练。 相关句型/结构 require sb. to do sth. be required to do sth. require that...(should ) do They require that I should go at once. 他们要求我立刻去。 All passengers are required to show their tickets. 所有乘客都必须出示车票。 aboard · 基本用法 aboard prep. 在(上)船(飞机、火车、公共汽车)上

We traveled aboard the same flight. 我们搭乘同一班机。


They were the last two to go aboard the ship. 他们是最後两位上船的。 All passengers aboard fell into the river. 船上所有乘客皆落入河中。 The children were so excited to be taken aboard for the first time. 那些小孩第一次被带上飞机,简直兴奋极了。 · 知识拓展--词义辨析: abroad/aboard/board/broad

这几个词词形相近,但意思差别很大,现总结归纳如下: 1. abroad 外 go abroad 出国、at home and abroad(在)国内外、from abroad 从国外 2. broad adj. 宽的,辽阔的;adv. 宽阔地;n. 宽阔部分 adv. & adj. & n. 在国外,出国,往国外的,海

broad market 广阔的市场,broad band 宽带 3. aboard 船、火车等)上 We went aboard. 我们上了船(飞机、车) He was already aboard the plane. (prep.) adv. 上(飞机、船、火车等);prep. 在(飞机、


4. board vi. 寄宿

n. 董事会,甲板;vt. 上(飞机、船、火车等);

board the ship(bus, plane, train) assistant · 基本用法 assistant n. 助手,助理;助教

My assistant will stand in for me while I'm away. 我不在的时候我的助手将代表我处理事务。 She is assistant to the professor. 她是这位教授的助手。 · 知识拓展 相关单词 1. assist v. 帮助;协助

Jack used to assist Mary in her lessons. 杰克过去常常帮助玛丽学习功课。 He asked us to assist him in carrying through his plan. 他请求我们帮他完成他的计划。 2. assistance n. 帮助;援助


词义辨析 aid/assist/help 这些动词均有“帮助”之意。 upset · 原文再现 Their friends are really upset and have been waiting anxiously for more news. 他们的朋友们真的很难过,都在焦急地等待着更多的消息。 · 基本用法 upset adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的; v. 使心烦;扰乱;翻到

His sudden death upset everybody. 他的突然去世使大家深感悲伤。 The storm upset their plans for a hike. 暴风雨破坏了他们的远足计划。 I'm always upset when I don't get any mail. 我接不到任何邮件时总是心烦意乱。 The fire caused an upset in the building. 失火使大楼里一片混乱。


· 知识拓展--相关短语 be upset about sth. be upset that... It upsets sb. to do sth. It upsets sb. that... be upset with sb. shelter · 原文再现 They might be sheltering in a cave. 他们也许正躲藏在山洞里。 · 基本用法 shelter 护... vi. 躲避 vt. 保护...(免受....);庇

n. 避难所;遮蔽物

In the storm I took shelter under the tree. 暴风雨时,我正在树下躲避。 All sorts of people found shelter under his roof. 各式各样的人在他的家找到栖息之所。 Provide food and shelter for a family.


为家庭提供食物和住宿 The umbrella is a poor shelter from heavy rain. 雨伞不太遮挡得住大雨。 · 知识拓展--相关短语 shelter...from.... 保护...免受.... They persuaded me in to shelter from the rain. 他们说服我进去躲了一会儿雨。 relief · 原文再现 It'll be a real relief when they're found. 如果他们被发现,这将是一件令人宽慰的事情。 · 基本用法 relief n. 宽慰;减轻;救济;解除

These pills bring relief from pain. 这些药丸可以止痛。 That she is still alive is a relief. 她还活着,这是令人感到宽慰的。 The news brought a feeling of relief.


这消息给人们带来了宽慰感。 She volunteered (her services) for relief work. 她自愿参加救济工作。 · 知识拓展 in relief 相关短语 放松,宽慰 使某人感到欣慰的是

to one's relief

with relief 放心地,欣慰地 Much to my relief, he is safe now. 他现在没事了,我大大松了一口气。 相关单词 relieve v. 减轻;解除

This medicine will relieve your headache. 这药将减轻你的头痛。 allergic · 原文再现 The first time I met Tom, he seemed to be allergic to everything. 我第一次遇见汤姆的时候, 他看上去对一切事物都很敏感。


· 基本用法 allergic adj. 过敏的;对...极讨厌的

Are you allergic to certain animals? 你讨厌某些动物吗? You could see he was allergic to housework. 你可以看出他很讨厌做家务。 · 知识拓展--相关句型/结构 be allergic to sth. 对某物过敏;对都是反感 I like cats but unfortunately I'm allergic to them. 我很喜欢猫,但遗憾的是我对猫过敏。 Are you allergic to any medicine ? 你有药物过敏反应吗? anxiety · 原文再现 The day that I met my best friend for the first time, I was full of anxiety. 第一次遇到我最好的朋友那天,我的心情特别焦虑。 · 基本用法



n. 焦虑;渴望;挂念;令人焦虑的事

Anxiety may disorder the stomach. 忧虑可能会引起胃部不适。 His anxiety for knowledge is to be praised. 他对知识的渴求应该受到称赞。 Anxiety has taken away his appetite. 他愁得吃不下饭。 All my fears and anxieties were gone. 我所有的恐惧和焦虑都无影无踪了。 · 知识拓展 相关单词 anxious adj. 焦虑的;担忧的;渴望的;急切的

I'm very anxious about the speech contest. 我对此次演讲比赛十分忧虑。 We are really anxious for peace. 我们确实渴望和平。 She is always anxious to please others. 她老是极力想讨好人。


词义辨析:anxiety/worry/concern/care anxiety: 指对预料中的不像之事的焦虑。 worry:侧重对未知事态演变的忧虑。 concern:作“关心”讲时,是 indifference(冷漠)的反义词, 侧重对他人健康、安全等的关心,也可暗示 对困难、危险或失败等的忧虑。 care:强调因出于责任感或顾虑等而产生的不安。 the last straw · 原文再现 The last straw was when I heard someone singing behind me. 当我听到有人唱歌时,我的忍耐到了极限。 · 基本用法 the last straw (一系列烦恼、打击之外)最后使人受不了的事; 导火线 The last straw breaks the camel's back. 最后一根稻草压断骆驼的背。


The service in this shop has been bad before, but this is the last straw. 这家商店的服务一向不好,但这一次实在是叫人受不了。 Her sitting up all that night was the last straw. 那天晚上的彻夜未眠终于使她累垮了。 Samuel grasped the last straw of his life. 塞缪尔抓住他生命中最后一线希望。 glare · 原文再现 I turned around and glared at the person who was singing. 我扭过头,瞪着唱歌的人。 · 基本用法 glare vi. 怒视;瞪; n. 刺眼;耀眼的光;受公众瞩目

The sun glare out of the blue sky. 太阳从蓝天中发出耀眼的光。 He had to wear sunglasses because of the glare of the sun. 因为阳光耀眼,他只好戴墨镜。


Don't glare at your teacher like that. You deserved the scolding. 别那么瞪眼望着老师,你是该骂的。 · 知识拓展--相关短语 glare at 瞪着;怒视

She glare at me if I go near her desk. 我一走近她的办公桌, 她就瞪我。 They stood there, glaring at each other. 他们站在那,互相怒视着对方。 glance · 原文再现 I glanced at the book's cover. 我瞥了一眼书的封面。 · 基本用法 glance 一滑;闪光; v. 扫视, 匆匆一看; 反光; 瞥闪, 瞥见 glance at 快速一瞥 n. 一瞥;

She glance shyly at him and then lowered her eyes. 她羞怯地偷看了他一下,随即垂下眼帘。


At first glance the problem seemed easy. 乍一看问题似乎很容易解决。 He took in the scene at a glance. 他看了一眼那里的景色。 · 知识拓展--词义辨析:glance/stare/glare 这组动词都与“看”有关。 glance: 意为“匆匆一瞥”,是不及物动词,其后必须接介词

at, over 等才可以接宾语。 stare: 意为“凝视”,它也是一个不及物动词,其后通常接介 词 at 才能接宾语。 glare: 意为“怒视;瞪眼”,也是不及物动词,其后要接介词 at 后才能接宾语。 They stood glaring at each other. 他们互相怒目而视地站着。 He glanced at his watch. 他匆匆看了一下手表。 She glanced down the list of names. 她由上而下匆匆地看了一下名单。


She stared at him in surprise. 她惊讶地瞪着他看。 He was staring out to the sea. 他凝目眺望大海。 confirm · 原文再现 After confirming that I was, Jenny said that she had noticed I'd left my book in the library and as my name was in it, she'd asked a librarian to get my phone number from their files. 在确定我以后,珍妮说她发现我把书落在了图书馆,因为书上有 我的名字,她让图书管理员从档案中找 到了我的电话号码。 · 基本用法 confirm v. 证实;确认,确定;批准

He looked around to confirm that he was alone. 他四处张望,要确定周围没人。 His letter confirmed everything.


他的信证实了一切。 The new minister will be confirmed in office by the Queen. 新的部长将由女王批准任职。 · 知识拓展--相关句型/结构 It has been confirmed that...已确定.... It is confirmed that...据证实... guilty · 原文再现 I felt so guilty, but Jenny just laughed and told me she was glad to see that I'd also left my glare in the library! 我感到很内疚,但是珍妮笑了起来,并告诉我她很高兴看到我把 自己的怒视也留在了图书馆。 · 基本用法 guilty adj. 不安的;有罪的;内疚的

There wasn't enough evidence to prove him guilty. 没有充分的证据证明他有罪。 I feel guilty because I haven't written her lately.


我感到内疚,因为我近来一直没有给她寄信。 · 知识拓展--相关短语 be /feel guilty about/at sth. be guilty of 有... 罪 对...感到内疚

I feel guilty about having to tell a lie. 我为说了谎而感到内疚。 The man was proved guilty of murder. 这个男子被证实犯了杀人罪。 can't help doing sth. · 原文再现 I couldn't help laughing at this and I invited her back to my apartment for a quick cup of tea. 我禁不住笑了起来, 并邀请她到我的公寓里来喝杯茶。 · 基本用法 couldn't/can't help doing sth. 禁不住做某事 Seeing the picture, he couldn't help laughing. 看到这画面,他忍不住笑了。 Whenever I hear the story, I cannot help crying.


每次我听这故事,就忍不住要哭。 · 知识拓展--词义辨析:can't help doing/can't help (to) do can't help (to) do sth. alike · 原文再现 We're very much alike and we tell each other everything. 我们俩非常相像,我们无话不谈。 · 基本用法 alike adj. 相像的; 相同的 意为“不能帮忙做某事”

The two brothers are very much alike. 这两兄弟非常相像。 · 知识拓展 某些以 a-开头的形容词如: afraid 害怕的, alive 活着的, alone 单独的,ashamed 羞愧的,asleep 睡着的, awake 醒着的 alike 相似的,只作表语形容词。表语形容词指的 是那些只用于连系动词后作表语,而不能 用于名词前作定语的形容词。 judge


· 原文再现 It's difficult to judge but we thought they might be in the same class and that they were discussing a problem. 很难判断,但我们认为他们可能在同一个班里,并且他们在讨论 一个问题。 · 基本用法 judge vt. 评判;判断;审判;判决 n. 法官;裁判员

You can't judge a book by its cover. 不能根据封面判断一本书(不可以貌取人) The judge divorced the young couple. 法官判决这对青年夫妻离婚。 The woman was finally judged guilty. 那个女人最终被判有罪。 We judged the distance to be about 10 miles. 我们估计有 10 英里的距离。 · 知识拓展 相关单词 judgement n. 判断;评价;审判


相关短语 judging by/ from...... 从.... 来判断(放句首) as far as I can judge/ in my judgement I am concerned Judging by her accent, she must be from Sichuan. 听她的口音,她准是四川人。 In my judgment, we should accept their apology. 依我看,我们应该接受他们的道歉 devote · 原文再现 She devotes a lot of her time to caring the neighbors. 她投入了很多的时间关照她的邻居。 · 基本用法 devote vt. 把...献给;把...用在 据我看来 as far as

Please devote more time to your work. 请把更多的时间用于工作。 Do not devote too much time to games. 不要浪费太多的时间玩游戏。


I have to devote myself to their interests. 我应当为他们的利益贡献出自己的一切。 He is determined to devote his life to science. 他决心把毕生精力贡献给科学事业。 · 知识拓展--相关单词 devoted devotion adj 献身的;忠诚的 n. 献身,奉献;专注;忠诚

She is a good wife and a devoted mother. 她是一位贤妻良母。 He was at one time so devoted to piano playing. 他曾经那么沉迷于弹钢琴。 His devotion to music is plain to see. 他对音乐的挚爱是显而易见的。 His devotion to science is well known. 他对科学的献身精神为人熟知。 相关句型/结构 devote oneself to (doing) sth. 某人自己投入到做某事上


devote one's life to (doing) sth. 某人的生命投入到做某事 上 devote time/money/energy to doing sth. 投入时间、金钱、精 力做某事上 companion · 原文再现 But after 35 years of marriage, I know they're great companions. 但是在 35 年的婚姻过后,我知道他们是好伙伴。 · 基本用法 companion n. 同伴;伴侣 ;朋友;陪伴

She looked small by the side of her companion. 她和她的同伴在一起时,她显得矮小。 Are you alone or with a companion? 你单独一人还是与朋友在一起? · 知识拓展 相关单词 company n. 公司;陪伴


accompany 相关短语

vt. 陪伴,陪同

keep sb. company


She stayed at home to keep company with her younger sister. 她留在家里陪伴她妹妹。 He kept me company. 他陪伴我。 He stayed at home to keep his wife company. 他留在家里陪伴太太

二、重点句型 While your IQ tells you how intelligent you are, your EQ tells you how well you use your intelligence.


你的智商表明你的聪明程度,而你的情商表明你会如何利用好自 己的聪明才智。 · 基本用法 while conj.

1. 虽然, 尽管。 用于让步状语从句, 相当于 though 或 although。 如: While English is not easy to learn, we shall never give up our effort. 2. 在...期间;与...同时。表示主从句动作同时发生,且从句动 作能延续。 如: My mother was cooking while I was doing my homework. 3. 然而,可是。 用于表示对比或转折的并列句中。 如:

Scandals travel a thousand li, while good deeds always stay indoors. 坏事传千里,好事不出门。 At work, it is IQ that gets you hired but it is EQ that gets you promoted. 在职场上,一个人的智商决定了他能否被录用,而情商则决定了 他能否被提拔。


· 基本用法 It is...that...强调句句型。本句中被强调部分 IQ 和 EQ 在句 中作主语。如: It is your attitude that determines your dreams. 有关强调句的其它用法: 1. 当 not...until 句型在构成强调句时, 主句中的 not 需要和 被强调部分一起前置,这时主句应保留肯定形式。 如:It is not until you come back that I will go. 2. 当强调句构成特殊疑问句时,其特殊疑问词即为被强调部分, 因为特殊疑问词和被强调部分两个部分 均为信息焦点,如:When was it that you met Jack? 3. 强调句的特殊疑问句在构成名词性从句时, 则需要保持陈述句 语序。如: She wondered when it was that I met Jack. 4. 当被强调部分是主语时, 其剩余部分的谓语动词单复数由主语 确定。如: It is I who/that am to blame for the incident. The results of studies such as these show that EQ is as important, if not


more important than IQ. 像这类的研究结果表明,情商如果不比智商更重要,也与智商同 样重要。 · 基本用法 if not....后是一个省略句,其完整形式为: The results of studies such as these show that EQ is as important, if it is not more important than IQ. 如:Tom can run as fast, if not faster than Jack. According to statistics, a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer as a woman. A confident person is someone who is sure that he or she can do something or deal with a situation successfully. 她能做成某事或能成功地处理某种情况。

一个自信的人确信他/ · 基本用法

此句为主从复合句,who 引导的是一个定语从句,修饰先行词 someone。that 引导的是形容词宾语从句。 1. deal with 处理,解决,常与 how 连用;do with 处理,常 与 what 连用。 如:


I don't know how I can deal with this kind of emergency. He began to plan what he would do with his Sundays. 2. situation n. 形式;情况;局面;后跟定语从句时, 关系

词通常用 where。如: Can you think of a situation where this idiom can be used? 3. 词义辨析:condition/ state/ status/ situation/ circumstance (1). condition: 一般强调产生影响的原因或环境,复数形式指 笼统的情况。如: This piano was in good condition. (2). state:普通用词, 指人或物在环境、外表、心灵以及健康 方面的状况,或指在某一阶段的状态或 形式。如:When we moved here the walls and ceiling were in an awful state. (3). status: 指一个人在政治、社会、经济、法律上的地位或 身份,暗含地位显要意味。也可用于指政治 等事态的状况。如:He has risen to gain the status of a national hero. (4). situation: 指明确具体的环境情况或处境。


(5). circumstance: 多指周围的情况或某事发生时的情况。 如: I wish we could have met under happier circumstances. We'll only go camping if the sun is shining. Otherwise we 'll go to the cinema and watch the new Jackie Chan movie.

我们只会在阳光很好的时候去野营。要不然,我们会去电影院看 成龙的新电影。 · 基本用法 1. 此句为主从复合句,if 引导的条件状语从句,用一般现在时 表示将来,即“主将从现”。 2. otherwise: conj. 否则,要不然。相当于 or,if not。 其 后所跟的句子如果是真实的,用陈述语气;如果 是非真实的,则用虚拟语气。如: I was ill that day, otherwise I would have taken part in the sports meet. 3. otherwise adv. 不同地,除此以外,在其他方面。相当于

in another way; differently. 如: All the photographs in this book, unless stated otherwise, date from the 1950s.


I saw she had tears running down her cheeks at lunch today and one of the other teachers gave her a hug.

今天午饭时我看见她泪流满面,其他老师中有一位给了她一个拥 抱。 · 基本用法 1. have tears running down 让眼泪一直留着。 have + 宾语 + 现在分词。 have 为使役动词, 意为“使....;让... 某人(物)做某事”。其动作具有连续性。如: They had the lights burning all the night. 2. have sth. done 让某事被做;遭受 I can't ask you to dinner this week as I am having my house painted at the moment. 3. have sb./ sth. do sth. She had never had anybody speak to her that way before. I wonder how they got lost and whose fault it was. 我想知道他们是怎样失踪的,这是谁的错。 · 基本用法


1. 此句为主从复合句,how 和 whose 引导的是两个并列的宾语从 句,注意宾语从句的语序要用陈述语序。 2. get lost 意为“迷路,失踪,不见”。 get done 为系表结 构,表示被动,如 get injured 受伤。 3. fault n. 过失;缺点;错误;失误

It was not our fault that we were late. 这次迟到不是我们的错。 Their friends are really upset and have been waiting anxiously for more news. 他们的朋友们真的非常难过,一直焦急地等待着更多的消息。 · 基本用法 have been doing 现在完成进行时。表示一个从过去某时开始

发生,延续至今,并可能延续下去的动作。如: I have been waiting for an hour but she still hasn't come. 表示某一动作从过去开始,一直持续到说话时刚刚结束(有时指 出结果)如: My clothes are wet. I have been walking in the rain. 表示重复(指断断续续,而非一直不停)如: She has been phoning Jim every night for the past two weeks.


The first time I met Tom, he seemed to be allergic to everything. 第一次遇见汤姆时,他似乎对所有的事情都很敏感。 · 基本用法 1. the first time 第一次。相当于一个从属连词,引导时间状 语从句,常用于过去时或现在时。如: I loved this picture the first time I saw it. 我第一次见到这幅画,就喜欢上了。 2. the first time 和 for the first time 的区别 the first time 从属连词, 引导时间状语从句。 for the first time 意为“首次,初次”,是介词短语,可放在 句首或句尾,作时间状语。 如: For the first time they hold hands in public. 他们第一次手搀手地公开露面。 3. seem to do 意为“似乎,好像” 4. be allergic to 意为“对...过敏;敏感” I was getting more and more annoyed and of course, the more upset I got, the less I was able to concentrate.


我变得越来越心烦意乱,当然,我的情绪越坏,就越难集中注意 力。 · 基本用法 1. 比较级+and+比较级, 表示“越来越....” China is becoming stronger and stronger. 中国变得越来越强大。 2. the+比较级...the + 比较级,表示“ 越......越.......” 如: As time goes on, the more we learn, the cleverer we'll be. 随着时间的过去,我们学得越多,我们就越聪明。 The longer the war lasts, the more the people there will suffer. 战争持续得越久,人民遭受的苦难就越多。 3. concentrate on = focus on/fix one's attention of 全神 贯注于... She was standing with a book in her hands near the "English Literature" section. 她手里拿着一本书站在英国文学类图书旁。 · 基本用法


本句中 with a book in her hands 为“with+宾语+介词短语” 的复合结构作伴随状语。 with 复合结构的几种情况: with +宾语(名词/代词)+ doing with +宾语(名词/代词)+ done with +宾语(名词/代词)+ to do 表示进行或已完成 表示被动或完成 表示还未发生

with +宾语(名词/代词)+ 介词短语 表示位置或状态 with +宾语(名词/代词)+ 形容词 表示状态 with +宾语(名词/代词)+ 副词 表示状态

Don't sleep with the door and windows open. 不要开着门窗睡觉。 She saw a small river with green grass and red flowers on both sides. 她看到一条小河,两岸都是红花绿草。 With all the work finished, they hurried back home for lunch. 所有的工作都已经完成了,他们匆忙回家吃饭。 With the boy leading the way, we had no trouble in getting to the station.


有这个男孩带路,我们毫无困难地到达了车站。 With many things to deal with, I have to stop listening to music. 有许多事情要处理,我只好不听音乐了。(注:复合结构中,若含有 将来的含义,不定式用主动表被动意义) I picked up my books, glared at her and whispered angrily, "Thanks to your noise, I've been unable to study."

我拿起自己的书, 怒气冲冲地盯着她, 低声说, “由于你的噪音, 我根本没法学习。” · 基本用法 此句中, 并列连词 and 连接了三个过去的动作; thank to 意为“由 于”。 pick up 一词多义总结: 1. 拿起,捡起 I picked up a pen from the ground and gave it to my teacher. 2. (不费力地)学会,获得 Where did you pick up your English? 3. (健康)好转,恢复 He is picking up after operation.


4. (碰巧或廉价地)买到 We managed to pick up a few bargains at the auction. 5. (开车)接人 Could you come and pick me up at the gate? If Jenny hadn't been a kind person who was willing to forgive my shortcomings, I would never have experienced such true friendship.

如果珍妮不是这么善良和愿意宽容我偶的缺点的话,我就体会不 到这段真正的友谊。 · 基本用法 1. 本句是虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反。 其句型为:if 从句 用过去完成时,主句用 could/would/ should/might have done. 如:

If I had got up early this morning, I might have caught the early train. 如果我今天早上起早点儿的话,我可能就赶上早班火车了。 2. 本句为主从复合句,who 引导的是定语从句,修饰 a kind of person,在从句中作主语。 3. be willing to do sth. 愿意做某事


The woman sitting in the back, the one in black jacket with her arms crossed, she looks a bit, er, kind of shy.

坐在后面的那个女子,也就是穿着黑夹克交叉双臂的那位,她看 起来,呃,有点害羞。 · 基本用法 1. sitting in the back 是现在分词在句中作后置定语,修饰前 面的 woman;相当于定语从句 who is sitting in the back. 如: The man who stands under the tree is one of my good friends. = The man standing under the tree is one of my good friends. The building which is being built now is a laboratory. = The building being built now is a laboratory. 2. 英语中为了避免重复常用 one 或 ones 代替前面所出现的同类 可数名词。 当 one 被定语从句修饰时,前面 可以加 the,表示特指。此句中,the one 是作 the woman 的同位 语, 如: I went shopping for the perfect dress, the one that would make me look younger.


3. with her arms crossed 是 with 复合结构作伴随状语。 三、重点语法 过去分词 done 的用法 · 基本用法 1. 过去分词作定语 及物动词的过去分词作定语,表示被动和完成;不及物动词的过 去分词一般作前置定语,不表示被动, 只表示完成。 单个过去分词作定语时, 一般位于所修饰的名词前, 但有时为了强调动作,也可以放在 它所修饰的词后面。当过去分词作定语时,位于被修饰名词的后 面。如: Look at the broken glasses. All the phones broken have been repaired. The little girl dressed in white is Linda. English is now an international language, spoken by about 750 million people. There are fallen leaves on the ground in fall. 2. 过去分词作表语


作表语的大多是及物动词的过去分词,表示主语所处的状态或感 受,很多已转化为形容词。如: Although the cities were crowded, the country was beautiful. I was very surprised to see little Jimmy run so fast in the game. The shops have remained shut for a week. 3. 过去分词做宾语补足语 一般及物钉刺的过去分词作宾语补足语,与宾语构成被动关系。 也有少数不及物动词的过去分词作 补足语,表示完成意义。句子变为被动语态时,宾语补足语相应 变为主语补足语。 Before driving into the city, you are required to get your car washed. To their surprise, the three countries found themselves united peacefully instead of by war. A liar cannot make himself believed. I want the problem settled tonight. I ever heard the song sung in French. 4. 过去分词作状语


过去分词在句中作状语,可以表示时间、原因、条件、方式或伴 随等,相当于一个状语从句。 She soon fell asleep, exhausted by the journey. (表示原 因) Given more time, Tom could have finished it. (表示条件) Repaired many times, the car still broke down on the road. (表示让步) I finally reached the finishing line utterly exhausted. (表示伴随情况) The hunter walked slowly in the forest, followed by his dog. (表示伴随情况) Asked about his family, he made no answer. (表示时间) Lost in the forest, you should first of all remain where you are, waiting for help to come. (表时间) Frightened by the noise outside, the little girl dared not sleep in her bedroom. (表原因) 情态动词表推测 · 基本用法


1. 表推测时, 英语中只使用 must, may, might, may not 和 can't。 这五个表达的语气依次递减: must:一定(语气肯定) may:也许(不很肯定) might:或许(比 may 语气更弱) may not:也许不(表否定) can't:一定不(must 的反义) 2. 推测现在的事情用 must, may, might, may not 和 can't+ do 或 be。如: She must be at home now. The boy may play now. 3. 推测过去的事情用 must, may, might, may not 和 can't+ have done 如: She might have been ill yesterday. He must have hold the party. 情态动词 must, can, could, may, might 表推测具体用法如下: must 的用法 1. 表示推测“可能性”时, 意思是“一定、 准是”, 语气较肯定, 较有把握。如:


He must be American. = It is certain that he is American. 他准是个美国人。 2. must 表推测只能用于肯定句。如果要表示“一定不、肯定不” 的意思时,应用 can’t,如询问某种可能 时,应用 can。如: He must know my address. 他肯定知道我的地址。(一定) He can’t know my address. 他肯定不知道我的地址。 (一定不) Can he know my address? 他知道我的地址吗?(询问可能性) 3. must 表示推测时,可以推测现在/正在发生的动作/过去发生 的动作。如: He must have a car now. (现在)他一定有辆小汽车。 He must be doing his exercises in the classroom.(正在进 行)他一定在教室里做练习。 He must have finished the work.(过去发生)他一定已完成了 工作。 注: must 表示推测时很少用于将来的情况。 一般不用 He must come tomorrow.可用 It`s certain / I’m sure that he will come tomorrow.


4. 在反意疑问句中,当附属部分含有表示推测意义的 must 时, 疑问部分的助动词应与 must 后面的动词 在非推测情况下的用法保持一致。 如: He must be a worker, isn’t he? (现在)他准是个工人,是 吗? It must have rained last night, didn’t it? (过去)昨晚 一定下雨了,是不是? You must have learned English for many years, haven’t you? (完成时)你一定学了好多年英语,是吗? can / could 的用法 1. can 表示推测“可能性”时,往往用于否定句或疑问句。 can't“一定不”,语气很肯定。can 在疑问句中 意思是“会,可能”。用于肯定句时,表示理论上的,潜在的可 能性(有倾向,实际上未必会发生或者不 涉及实际是否发生) 往往与 sometimes 或者 someone 有关。 如: Accidents can happen. He can’t be at home. = It is impossible that he is at home. 他一定不在家。


2. can /can’t 后可接进行时/完成时,表示对现在发生的动作 或过去发生的动作进行推测。 They can’t be reading in the library. 他们一定不在图书馆 读书。 He can’t have gone to Shanghai for I saw him a minute ago. 他不可能去了上海,我刚才还看见他。 It’s so late. Where can she have gone? 天晚了,她可能去哪儿了呢? 3. 在反意疑问句中,当陈述部分含有表示推测意义的 can't 时, 疑问部分的助动词应与 can't 后面的动词 在非推测情况下的用法保持一致。如: She can’t have finished her homework, has she? 她一定没 有完成家庭作业,是不是? 4. could 可用于表示某事有可能发生表示可能性不大的推测。意 思相当于 may/might 如: Don’t eat it. It could be poisonous. 不要吃它,可能有毒。 The plane could be delayed by fog. 飞机可能会因为雾晚点。 5. could 还可以用于表示客气、委婉、礼貌的请求语气。如: Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the bus station?


Could you help me? 6. couldn't 表示否定推测,表示某事不可能真实,或由于特 定事实或环境某事肯定不会发生。如: It couldn't possibly be poison. 这不可能是毒药。 表示对过去发生的事推测,常常和 have done 连用,如: He was not at home last night . He could/ might have gone to movies. I didn't see her at the meeting yesterday; she couldn't have spoken at the meeting. may 和 might 的用法 1. may, might 表示推测“可能性”时,意思是“可能”,“也 许”,语气没有 must 肯定。如: He may / might be American. = It is possible that he is American. 他可能是个美国人。 注:might 不表示过去时态,只是语气上比 may 更委婉,表示的 可能性更小。 2. may, might 表推测时,可以用于否定句,意思是“可能不、 也许不”,但不用于疑问句。


He may / might not be at home. 他也许不在家。 3. may, might 可以推测现在正在发生的动作或过去发生的动作。 如: The boy may / might not be watching TV at home. (现在) 这个男孩可能没在家看电视。 These students may / might have seen the film before.(过 去) 这些学生以前可能看过这部电影。 5. may, might 还可以推测将来的情况。如: I think we should take raincoat with us, it may rain. 我想我们应该带上雨衣,可能要下雨了。 She might not come this afternoon. 她今天下午可能不来。



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