Unit 5 Music Lesson 3 Liu Hongwei
Background information: Students: High school students Grade 1 Lesson duration: 45 mins Teaching aims: 1) To help Ss master the vocabulary about “music”
2) To arouse Ss’ language awareness. 3) To consolidate the Attributive Clauses. Teaching aids: blackboard, PPT, pictures, chalk. Teaching contents: Grammar and Vocabulary Key points: The Attributive Clauses with preposition + which/ whom Teaching Method: the guided discovery method Teaching procedures: Review the attribute clauses:
1.什么是定语从句 定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语，修饰一个名词或代词，被修饰的名词,词组 或代词即先行词。定语从句通常出现在先行词之后，由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。 关系代词有：who, whom, whose, that, which 等。 关系副词有：when, where, why 等。 2.关系代词引导的定语从句 关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词，并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成 分。关系代词在定语从句中作主语时，从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。 1)who, whom, that 这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词，在从句中所起作用如下： Is he the man who/that wants to see you? 他就是你想见的人吗?(who/that 在从句中作主语)
He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday. 他就是我昨天见的那个人。(whom/that 在从句中作宾语) 2) Whose 用来指人或物，(只用作定语, 若指物，它还可以同 of which 互换), 例如： They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down. 那人车坏了，大家都跑过 去帮忙。 Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green. 请递给我那本绿皮的书。 3)which, that 它们所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词，在从句中可作主语、宾语等，例如： A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside. 农村出现了 前所未有的繁荣。(which / that 在句中作宾语) The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿的包快散了。 (which / that 在句中作宾语) 3.关系副词引导的定语从句 关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词，在从句中作状语。 1)when, where, why 关系副词 when, where, why 的含义相当于"介词+ which"结构，因此常常和"介词+ which"结构交替使用，例如： There are occasions when (on which) one must yield. 任何人都有不得不屈服的时 候。 Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born. 北京是我的出生地。 Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer? 这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的 理由吗?
Study Attributive Clauses with preposition + which/ whom 1 T asks students read these sentences.
a. The musicians of whom the band was formed played jokes on each other… b. However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work… c. The musicians for whom they worked were very popular. d. The guitar with which “The Beatles” played their first hit was lost while they were touring.
2 Now answer these questions.
1. If you take away the relative clauses, do the sentences still make sense? Why or why not ? 2.Why is there a relative pronoun before the relative clause? 3. Can the preposition be removed from the sentences without changing the meaning? 4. Can that replace which and whom in the sentences? Why or why not? Look at the sentences carefully and try to think of the questions.
3 Get the Ss to think of the questions above and sum up the grammar rule of preposition + the relative clause.
类型 单个介词+关系代词 常用关系代词 whom, which 介词选择特点/结构 依从句中动词、 形容词、 名词 与介词的固定搭配； 依先行词
与从句的动词关系 复杂介词+关系代词 单个介词+关系代词+名词 the + 名词+of +关系代词 部分结构+of +关系代词 whom, which, whose which, whose whom, which whom, which As a result of, because of, in front of ,etc. 依与关系代词后的名词搭配 结构中的名词与后面的关系 代词的所属关系 All, both ,none, etc.; 数词+名 词；the +形容词最高级/比较 级
Eg: Take me Home Country Roads is a beautiful song. In the song, John Denver acts as a singer. Take me Home Country Roads is a beautiful song in which John Denver acts as a singer. Talk about the musician Nie’er (聂耳). Nieer was born in 1912. Nieer was born in Kunming. Nieer died in 1935. Nieer died in Japan. Nieer was the composer of our national song. 1912 is the year ______ / ______ _______ Nieer was born. Kunming is the place _______ / _____ _______ Nieer was born.. 1935 is the year ______ / ______ _______ Nieer died. Japan is the place _______ / _____ _______ Nieer died. 介词+关系代词引导的定语从句题组 A 组 高考真题 1.（2012 山东） Maria has written two novels, both of ___ have been made into television series. A. them B. that C. which D. what 2. (2012 湖南) Care of the soul is a gradual process ____ even the small details of life should be considered. A. what B. in what C. which D. in which 3.（2012 四川）In our class there are 46 students, _____ half wear glasses. A. in whom B. in them C. of whom D. of them 4. (2011 浙江) English is a language shared by several diverse cultures , each of _____ uses it somewhat differently. A .which B .what C .them D .those 5. (2011 江西 ) She showed the visitors around the museum , the construction ______ had taken more than three years. A. for which B .with which C .of which D .to which 6.(2010 浙江)The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of ______ left their village homes for a better life in the city. A．whom B．which C．them D．those
7.（2010 山东）Wind power is an ancient source of energy _____we may return in the near future. A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which 8.（2009 陕西） Gun control is a subject _____Americans have argued for a long time. A. of which B. with which C. about which D. into which 9.(2008 上海) We went through a period ______ communications were very difficult in the rural areas. A. which B. whose C. in which D. with which 10. （2008 湖南） The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, _____ are beyond our control. A. most of them B. most of which C. most of what D. most of that 11. （2008 陕西） The man pulled out a gold watch, _________ were made of small diamonds. A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of C. which the hands of D. the hands of which 12.(2008 四川) For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, _______ New York is an example. A. for which B. in which C. of which D. from which 13. （2007 山东） The book was written in 1946, ____ the education system has witnessed great changes. A．when B．during which C．since then D．since when B 组 模拟预测题 1.（2012 浙江省） There are species living in the depths of the oceans ______ we still know little. A. for which B. in which C. of what D. of which 2.（2012 安徽）I’ve read many stories of leifeng , ___ this is the most touching one. A. who B. of which C. of whom D. that 3. （2012 河南） Today’ s English learners have a wide choice of dictionaries ______to choose. A.from which B. in which C. for which D. of which 4.（2012 安徽 2012 山西）A good advertisement often uses words _____ people attach positive meanings． A．that B．which C．with which D．to which 5. （2012 山东）The position, however, _____you are applying, is not quite a well-paid one. A. that B. for which C. which D. to which 6.(2012 浙江) Trading leather handbags is the business _____ the Greens have been devoted over the past decade. A. what B. where C. in which D. to which
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