Now we will tell about several ancient wonders that still exist today. The three Pyramids of Egypt were built about 4500 years ago as burial places for ancient kings. The largest is called t
he Great Pyramid. It is almost 140 meters high. It covers an area of more than four hectares.
The Greek historian Herodotus said more than 100，000 men worked for more than thirty years to build the Great Pyramid. The Great Wall was begun more than two thousand years ago. It extends about 6700 kilometers across northern China. The Great Wall of China is one of the largest building projects ever attempted.
It is also the only object built by people that can be seen from space. One of the oldest structures ever built by people also belongs on a list of ancient wonders. It is a circle of huge stones on the Salisbury Plain in southwestern England. It is called Stonehenge. Experts believe work began on Stonehenge about five thousand years ago.
Much has been written about Stonehenge, but experts say they still are not sure what it was used for. India is famous for its temples and buildings. The most famous is the Taj Mahal, considered one of the most beautiful buildings ever constructed.
Experts say nothing could be added or taken away to improve the beautiful Taj Mahal. The fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, ordered it built in Agra in 1631. He built it as a burial place in memory of his wife.
Task: Fill in the chart with proper information according to the passage.
Wonders the Great Pyramid the Great Wall
the Taj Mahal
Countries 1. Egypt _______
3. China _______
Time 2. About 4500 years ago __________________
4. more than 2000 years __________________ ago 6. About 5000 years ago _________ 8. __________________ in 1631
Stonehenge 5. England _______ India 7. _______
1. valuable adj. 珍贵的 (worth a lot of money; very useful or important)
Does a culture relic always have to be rare and valuable? 文化遗产必定是稀 有而贵重的吗？(P1)
［读一读］ 阅读下列句子，指出 划线单词的词性、意义和搭配。 ⑴ We all have to learn how to stop wasting our valuable water. adj. 珍贵的 (词性____；意义___________)
⑵ The dictionary is of great value to me. (词性____；意义_____________； 价值, 重要性 n. be of great value = be very valuable 搭配______________________________ )
⑶ Money can be counted by amount， but love is invaluable. adj. 无价的 (词性____；意义_____________)
［练一练］用value的适当形式填空。 The painting we had thought to be of valueless great _____ turned out to be ________ . value
value n. & v. 评价，价值 be of great value 有很大价值的 invaluable adj.无价的(=very valuable; priceless) valueless adj. 没有价值的(=of no value; worthless)
2. survive v.幸存(continue to live); 幸免于;比??长寿(continue to live after) Is it enough to have survived for a long time? (P1)是否存在了很 长时间就已足够呢？
［读一读］ ⑴ Few buildings survived after the earthquake. 幸存 vi. (词性____；意义_______) ⑵ He was the only survivor who was lucky to have survived the accident. n. 幸存者 (survivor词性_____；意义_______； 幸免于 vt. survive词性______；意义________)
⑶ John survived his wife by three years. 比??活得更长 vt. (词性____；意义______________ )
⑷ I can’t survive on 40 yuan a week. 生存 (词性___；意义_______； vi. survive on 靠??存活 搭配 _____________________ )
[练一练] 用survive 的适当形式填空。 ⑴ His doctors said he had a 50-50 chance of survival _______, and luckily he was one of the survivors _________ .
have survived ⑵ Some strange customs____________ from earlier times.
⑶ The young lady survived the drowning _______ because of the man’s timely rescue.
survive sth.在??之后仍然生存， 从……中逃生 survive sb.比??活得长 survivor n. 生还者，残存物 survival n. 生存，幸存
Look at the pictures below and discuss what they are and whether they are cultural relics or not. (P1) 请看下面这几 幅图画, 并讨论它们是什么以及他们是不 是文物。 [句型] whether ...or not是否(引导宾语从 句)
[仿写] 1.你明天能不能来这里，请告诉我一声。 Please let me knowwhether you can come __________________ ____________________. here tomorrow or not 2.我们明天才知道是不是应该参加考试。 We’ll be told tomorrow ______________ whether we _________________________. should take the exam or not
It all depends on whether she ___________
_________________. likes the boss or not
[说明] 引导宾语从句的whether ...or not, 其中的whether也可用if替代, 如：
I don’t know whether/if he will come in time or not.我不知道他是否能及时来。
但whether or not连在一起时, 就只能用 whether。如：
Tell me whether or not you’re interested. 告诉我你有没有兴趣。
此外, whether ...or not还可引导让步状语 从句, 表示“不论是否”“不管是不是”。 如：
Whether it rains or not, we’re playing football on Saturday. 无论下不下雨, 我们 星期六一定踢足球。
1. The house was so strong that it s_______ the storm. urvived
2. He made a _________ (讨论)with discussion his friends over the matter.
3. The higher we go above the earth, the r____ the air is. arer
4. I’m afraid this painting is not drawn by Picasso. It’s only a copy and so it’s v________. alueless 5. I lifted the vase ____(花瓶)between my thumb and forefinger.
1.They were sent to help the survivors _______ of the earthquake.
2.This is a ceremony which is a _______ from ancient times. survival
3. Success depends on ________we whether made enough effort.
4. Our friendship ___________ (survive) has survived the bad times and has grown stronger.
5. Real friendship is more ________ valuable (value) than money.
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