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高二英语选修6unit1-reading-1Unit1-words-


高 2 预习案

科目英语

必(选)修 6

课型 词汇

日期

Unit1 Art -Words and Expressions
编写: 审核: 【学习目标】 识记单词,掌握重要词汇的用法 【重点难点】 本节重点词汇短语的运用 【学法指导】 自读+小组合作 【预习任务】 Ⅰ重点词汇 faith n.信仰;信任;信心 [重点用法] have faith in sb./sth. ______________ lose faith in ______________faithful adj. ______________ be faithful to sb. [sth.] ______________ faithfully adv______________ 2. consequently adv.因此,所以= therefore=as a result consequent adj. 作为结果的,随之发生的 consequence n.(常指不利的)影响,后果,常有以下用法: as a consequence 因此,结果= in consequence=as a result as a consequence of 由于…的结果 = in consequence of = as a result of take/suffer/face the consequences 承担后果 完成句子 1)He broke the law and now he must ____________________________________________________(承担自己的行为带来的后果). 2)The governor was found guilty,________________________________(因而失去了职位). 3) He got a marvelous ﹙非凡的﹚achievement________________________________ (因为他 付出的努力) . 3. aim n. 目标;目的;瞄准 vi.&vt.瞄准(向某方向)努力 [重点用法] (1) take aim at ______________ achieve one’s aim______________ miss one’s aim______________ without aim______________ with the aim of______________ (2)aim at sth. ______________ aim for sth______________ aim at doing sth./ aim to do sth. ______________be aimed at______________ (主语一般是物) (3)aimless adj______________ [典例] 1) What is your aim in life? 你生活的目的是什么? 2) He aimed the gun at the enemy officer.他用枪瞄准了敌军官。 3) Our factory must aim at developing new models of machines.我们的工厂必须致力于研制新 型机械。

4) My remarks were not aimed at you. 我的话不是针对你的。 高手过招 ——根据句子的意思在横线上填人适当的词或词组。 1) This anti-smoking campaign is mainly__________ (针对)young teenagers. 2) The hunter____________(瞄准)the lion and fired 3) I’m _____________ (想)lose 4kg before the summer holidays. 4) He is leading a life without _____(目标,方向). 4.typical adj. 典型的, 象征性的;特有的 [重点用法] be typical of…是…代表; 象征 It’s typical of sb to do sth 某人一向…… [翻译] 1) a typical character _____________ 2) That outburst was a typical example of his lack of self-control. 他那次发作是他缺乏自制力 的_____________. 3)This painting is typical of his early work.这幅画是_____________。 4) It is typical of him to take hard jobs. _____________承担重任。 高手过招 ——汉译英 1)她这个人一向迟到。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2) 温暖,潮湿的气候在华南很典型。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 5.adopt vt. 采用,采纳; 收养 [重点用法] ______________ n.采用;收养 形近词:adapt v. 使适应, 改编 be adapted from 从…改编而来 adaptation n. 适应, 改编, 改写本 [典例] 1) At the meeting, all the workers agreed to adopt a new idea to reform the factory. 会议中所有员工都同意_____________以改革工厂. 2) Many new couple are eager to adopt the children losing their parents in the earthquake. 许多新夫妇都期望_____________ . [练习] 汉译英 这部影片是从一本很受欢迎的小说改编而来。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 6. possess vt. 拥有;具有;支配 ______________ n.(尤作复数)所有;财产 be in possession of sth.拥有某物;占有某物 be in one’s possession(或 be in the possession of) 为……所有;归……所有 take/get possession of sth.拥有(占有)某物;拿到某物 [联想拓展] in charge of 负责, 经管, in the charge of 由……负责,经营 take charge of 负责,看管

翻译: 1)Twenty years ago, his father was very rich and was in possession of a farm. 2)We can’t take possession of that house if we fail to reach an agreement with them. 3) The factory is in the possession of one of my friends, who moved to Australia several years ago. 4) I am in charge of the company. That is, the company is in the charge of me. 1______________________________________________________________________________ 2)__________________________________________________________________________ 3) _______________________________________________________________________ 4) ______________________________________________________________________ 7.attempt n. 努力;尝试;企图 vt.尝试;企图 [重点用法] (1)attempt sth.试图做……; 努力去执行(完成)某事 attempt to do 企图做某事 (2)make an attempt at sth/to do sth.企图做某事 at one’s first attempt 某人的第一次尝试 in an attempt to do sth.试图做某事,希望做某事 (3)attempted adj.未遂的 attempted murder 谋杀未遂 [典例]1) The prisoners attempted an escape, but failed. 囚犯___________________________________,但是失败了 2) An astronaut will attempt to leave the spaceship and then return to it. 一名宇航员将___________________________________,然后再回到里面去。 3) The boys made an attempt to leave for camping but were stopped by their parents. 男孩子们___________________________________但被他们的父母们拦住了。 8.predict vt.预言;预告;预测(侧重从已知的事实推断或根据自然规律断定未来的事情。 [重点用法] predict sth. predict that ___________________ n. 预言, 预报 (翻译)His teacher predicted that he could be a CEO of a company because of his intelligence and diligence. 因为他的聪明和勤奋,___________________________________。 【自主检测】 【问题反馈】 词语辨析 1. technique/technology n.技术 【解释】 technique 常指针对方法,技巧而言的“技术”尤其指音乐,艺术,写作的技能。 technology 常指工业或科学技术,是较为广泛的概念。 【练习】选择 technique 或 technology,并用其适当的形式填空 1) Science and ________ can strengthen a nation. 2) The actor has the ________ of amusing the audience.

3) The government saw the introduction of new ____________as vital. Keys: 1) technology 2) technique 3) technology 2 shadow/shade n.阴影 【解释】 shadow [C] 指人或东西在阳光或灯光下形成的影子。 shade [U] 指任何遮住阳光得到的阴凉的地方。 【练习】选择 shadow 或 shade 并用其适当的形式填空 1) Sometimes people will get frightened by his own ______ especially at night. 2) After a long walk, they needed to find some ______ and have a rest. 【课堂总结】 【课堂检测题】 单词拼写(须用本单元的单词和词汇) 1. The word “honesty” is an a____________ noun. 2. Which do you like better, his paintings or s______________? 3. There are many art g_____________ in New York. 4. They are put on an e______________ of French paintings next week. 5. An a________________ country is always ready to start a war 6. His a_______ is to be a successful writer. 7. You’ll soon be c____________ that she is right , though you think not now. 8. The prisoners a___________ to escape, but failed. 9. The keys are in the p________________ of the boss. 10. She was the f__________ of everyone’s attention at the party. 11. In the picture the tree is the s______________ of live while the snake stands for evil. 12. He has lost his b____________ in the God. 13. The expert p________ that there will be an earthquake in that area in the near future. 14. He made a r__________ drawing of a horse. (他画了一匹栩栩如生的马) 15. I’m afraid I have never been much of a ________________(学者). 16. You look r_______________ (可笑的)in those tight jeans. 17. The professor made a ______________ speech. ( 可能引起争议的) 18. Was Johnson _________ (同时代的)with Shakespeare ? 19. Would you please let me know your p_______________ address( 固定地址 ) ?


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